About this topic
Summary Theories of personal identity are, most often, theories of what makes X, a person, at one time numerically identical to Y at another time.  Such theories fall into two very general categories.  On reductionist views, the facts about identity across time simply consist in facts about brains, bodies, or interrelated physical or mental events.  On nonreductionist views, the facts about identity do not consist simply in such facts, but also consist in facts about, e.g., souls or Cartesian egos.  Among reductionist theories, there are two general approaches: psychological and biological.  On psychological approaches, what makes X and Y identical is typically continuity of some subset of psychological features.  On biological approaches, what makes X and Y identical is typically continuity of the person's biological (animal) organism.
Key works Derek Parfit offers and explains the distinction between nonreductionist and reductionist views of personal identity in Parfit 1984 (a distinction he originally labeled as between "simple" and "complex" views in Parfit 1973).  For the original statement of a psychological criterion of identity, see John Locke's "persistence of consciousness" view in Locke 1979.  For nonreductionist rejoinders, see Thomas Reid's Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man and Butler 1736.  For contemporary advocacy of a psychological criterion, see, in addition to Parfit, Harold Noonan's Personal Identity and Sydney Shoemaker's contribution in Shoemaker & Swinburne 1984 (and for contemporary nonreductionism about identity, see Swinburne's contribution).  For contemporary advocacy of a biological criterion, see Olson 1997.
Introductions Good introductions include Perry 1978, Perry 1975, and Olson 2002.
  Show all references
Related categories
Subcategories:
734 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Sort by:
1 — 50 / 734
Material to categorize
  1. Douglas R. Anderson (forthcoming). Bowne and Peirce on the Logic of Religious Belief. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Randall E. Auxier (forthcoming). Guest Editor's Introduction: The Relevance of Bowne. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Randall E. Auxier (forthcoming). Guest Editor's Introduction: Religion and Secular America. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Randall E. Auxier (forthcoming). Mysticism and the Immediacy of God: Howison's and Hocking's Critique of Royce. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Randall E. Auxier (forthcoming). The Wind We Inherited: God and Secular America. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Randall E. Auxier (forthcoming). Why One Hundred Years Is Forever: Hartshorne's Theory of Immortality. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Robert H. Ayers (1971). "Survival and Disembodied Existence," by Terence Penelhum. The Modern Schoolman 48 (4):395-398.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Robert H. Ayers (1970). Personal Survival of Death--An Analysis. The Modern Schoolman 47 (3):331-339.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Roger A. Badham (forthcoming). Conti's Reclamation of Farrer's Cosmological Personalism: A Pragmatist's Response. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Joe Barnhardt & Joe Barnhart (forthcoming). Bowne, Dostoevsky and Brightman: Three Personalists Who Confronted the Problem of Evil. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Joe Barnhart (forthcoming). Shakespeare's Invention. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Richard A. Beauchamp (forthcoming). Personhood and Communities of Interpretation: A Phenomenological Foray. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Richard A. Beauchamp (forthcoming). Towards a Personalist Posture: Resuming an Aborted Conversation. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Jason M. Bell (forthcoming). The World and Its Selves: Royce and the Philosophy of Nature. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Marc Bobro (1999). Is Leibniz's Theory of Personal Identity Coherent? The Leibniz Review 9:117-129.
    "In this paper, I shall consider the several ways in which interpreters, since 1976, have attempted to challenge the premises of Wilson's argument, and so have tried to rescue Leibniz's theory from Wilson's charge of incoherence. I shall argue that only one of these ways stands any chance of being successful." (S. 117/118)\nDiskussion zu Margaret Wilson: Leibniz : self-consciousness and immortality in the Paris notes and after. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 58 (1976), S. 335 - 352 (vgl. M 2, (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Judith Bradford (forthcoming). Amelioration and Expansion: Borden Parker Bowne on Moral Theory and Moral Change. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Rufus Burrow (forthcoming). Authorship: The Personalism of George Holmes Howison and Borden Parker Bowne. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Rufus Burrow (forthcoming). Borden P. Bowne's Contribution to Theistic Finitism. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Rufus Burrow (forthcoming). Moral Laws in Borden P. Bowne's Principles of Ethics. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Gary L. Cesarz (forthcoming). A World of Difference: The Royce-Howison Debate on the Conception of God. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Gary L. Cesarz (forthcoming). Howison's Pluralistic Idealism: A Fifth Conception of Being? The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Timothy Chappell (2011). On the Very Idea of Criteria for Personhood. Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):1-27.
    I examine the familiar criterial view of personhood, according to which the possession of personal properties such as self-consciousness, emotionality, sentience, and so forth is necessary and sufficient for the status of a person. I argue that this view confuses criteria for personhood with parts of an ideal of personhood. In normal cases, we have already identified a creature as a person before we start looking for it to manifest the personal properties, indeed this pre-identification is part of what makes (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Michael Clifford (forthcoming). Corrugated Subjects: The Three Axes of Personhood. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Michael R. Clifford (forthcoming). " Shadow-Narratives" of Personhood: MacIntyre and the Masks of Genealogy. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Fran Conroy (forthcoming). Learning To Be Human: Confucian Resources for Person-Centered Education. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Charles Conti (forthcoming). Personalist Ontology: Mirror or Metaphor? The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Daniel W. Conway (forthcoming). Answering the Call of the Wild: Walking with Bugbee and Thoreau. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. George Crowder (2006). Homelessness, Citizenship, and Identity: The Uncanniness of Late Modernity. Contemporary Political Theory 5 (3):351-354.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Donald W. Dotterer (forthcoming). James and Bowne on the Philosophy of Religious Experience. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Fred Downing (forthcoming). Refusing to Draw the Circle Around'the Self': The Quest for Community in the Work of Basehart and Berenson. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Wilfried Ver Eecke & Jennifer Grady (forthcoming). The Subjective Experience of the Person with Schizophrenia: Louis Sass's Contribution. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Lloyd P. Gerson (forthcoming). The Discovery of the Self in Antiquity. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Walter B. Gulick (forthcoming). An Unlikely Synthesis: What Kant Can Contribute to a Polanyian Theory of Selfhood. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. John Haddox (forthcoming). Latin American Personalist: Antonio Caso. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Richard E. Hart (forthcoming). Existential, Literary or Machine Persons?: Analysis of McLachlan, Adams and Steinbeck. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Tom E. Heeney (forthcoming). Of First and Last Things: Buried in Rhetoric. The Personalist Forum.
    No categories
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Garland Knott (forthcoming). Personhood: FR Tennant and Peter Bertocci in the Light of Contemporary Physics. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Erazim Kohák (forthcoming). Personalism: Towards a Philosophical Delineation. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Erazim Kohák (forthcoming). Speaking of Persons: Mirror or Metaphor? The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Linda Kraeger (forthcoming). The Brothers Bradley: On the Reality and Unreality of the Self. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Joy Laine (forthcoming). Persons, Plants and Insects: On Surviving Reincarnation. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. George R. Lucas (forthcoming). Charles Hartshorne: The Last or the First? The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Maria Michela Marzano (forthcoming). The Right of Dominium: A Proposal Regarding Persons and Bodies. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Joseph P. McGinn (forthcoming). The Power to Will: Refiguring Selfhood in Royce's Philosophy. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. James McLachlan (forthcoming). George Holmes Howison's" The City of God and the True God as Its Head": The Royce-Howison Debate Over the Idealist Conception of God. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. James McLachlan (forthcoming). George Holmes Howison: The Conception of God Debate and the Beginnings of Personal Idealism. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. James McLachlan (forthcoming). The Idealist Critique of Idealism: Bowne's Theistic Personalism and Howison's City of God. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Jack Montgomery (forthcoming). The Apology of a Moss-Trooper:(How) Is" Walking" Political? The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Phil Mullins (forthcoming). Narrative, Interpretation, and Persuasion: Polanyian Notes on Selfhood. The Personalist Forum.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Kristina Musholt (2014). Review of "The Self in Question" by Andy Hamilton. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2014 (7).
1 — 50 / 734