Results for 'A. van den Pavert'

992 found
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  1.  14
    Boekbesprekingen.P. Smulders, S. De Smet, Marc Schneiders, Peter Raedts, P. Verdeijen, Jos E. Vercruysse, A. H. C. van Eijk, Jan Kerkhofs, H. J. Adriaanse, Hans Goddijn, H. Bleijendaal, M. Poorthuis, Eduard Kimman, A. van den Pavert, F. J. Theunis, Ulrich Hemel, J. Hahn & Johan G. Hahn - 1987 - Bijdragen 48 (4):465-482.
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  2.  7
    Boekbesprekingen.J. T. A. G. M. van Ruiten, P. C. Beentjes, M. J. J. Menken, J. Lambrecht, Liuwe H. Westra, Peter van Veldhuijsen, A. van de Pavert, Jan Ambaum, Teije Brattinga, Arie L. Molendijk, A. H. C. van Eijk, H. M. Vos, A. van den Beld, Ephraim Meir, H. J. Adriaanse, Lourens Minnema & Jan van Lin - 1995 - Bijdragen 56 (2):212-235.
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  3.  11
    Boekbesprekingen.W. Beuken, Martin Parmentier, F. De Meyer, Marc Schneiders, Martien Parmentier, H. J. Adriaanse, Ulrich Hemel, A. H. C. van Eijk, G. Rouwhorst, J. Besemer, Tjeu van den Berk, Frans Maas, A. V. D. Pavert, Hans van Reisen & Joh G. Hahn - 1990 - Bijdragen 51 (1):85-111.
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  4.  15
    Boekbesprekingen.Erik Eynikel, Martin Parmentier, J. Lambrecht, Archibald L. H. M. van Wieringen, O. H. Steck, Bart J. Koet, José R. de Kwaadsteniet, M. J. H. M. Poorthuis, Martien Parmentier, G. Rouwhorst, T. J. van Bavel, Jaap van der Meij, C. Traets, J. -J. Suurmond, Bernard Höfte, Wil Straatman, A. J. M. van der Helm, I. Verhack, A. van de Pavert, Bert Defreyne, Johan G. Hahn, Joh G. Hahn & T. van den Hoogen - 1991 - Bijdragen 52 (4):436-463.
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  5. Bert van den Brink on Philosophical Ethics by Steven Darwell.(Review of the Book Philosophical Ethics, Stephen Darwall, 2000, 0813378605). [REVIEW]H. H. A. van den Brink - 2000 - European Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):210-213.
     
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  6.  31
    Simulated Rich Club Lesioning in Brain Networks: A Scaffold for Communication and Integration?Marcel A. de Reus & Martijn P. van den Heuvel - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  7.  14
    Boekbesprekingen.P. C. Beentjes, W. G. Tillmans, Kitty Mul, J. Lambrecht, ThC de Kruijf, Marc Schneiders, Hans Goddijn, Henk J. M. Schoot, Jan Lambrecht, J. Y. H. A. Jacobs, G. Rouwhorst, F. J. Theunis, D. J. Leys, Drs Jlm Vis, Drs J. L. M. Vis, A. Braeckman, A. Pavert, A. van de Pavert, E. Dirven, Joan Hemels & Joh G. Hahn - 1990 - Bijdragen 51 (4):440-463.
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  8.  24
    Boekbesprekingen.J. T. A. G. M. van Ruiten, Archibald L. H. M. van Wieringen, Martin Parmentier, G. Rouwhorst, Martijn Schrama, M. Parmentier, W. Valkenberg, R. van Kessel, Frans W. A. Brom, A. van de Pavert, A. H. C. van Eijk, Astrid C. M. Kaptijn, Frans Maas, Alphons van Dijk, Frans Vervooren, Peter van Veldhuijsen, G. H. T. Blans, W. R. Scholtens, Luc Anckaert, Jeroen Vis, André Lascaris, Luc Ankaert, Johan G. Hahn & M. Kuhn - 1993 - Bijdragen 54 (4):430-463.
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  9. Op Weg naar een nieuwe metafysiek.A. van de Pavert - 1989 - Bijdragen 50 (1):83-93.
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  10.  16
    Human Inbreeding Avoidance: Culture in Nature.Pierre L. van den Berghe - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):91-102.
    Much clinical and ethnographic evidence suggests that humans, like many other organisms, are selected to avoid close inbreeding because of the fitness costs of inbreeding depression. The proximate mechanism of human inbreeding avoidance seems to be precultural, and to involve the interaction of genetic predispositions and environmental conditions. As first suggested by E. Westermarck, and supported by evidence from Israeli kibbutzim, Chinese sim-pua marriage, and much convergent ethnographic and clinical evidence, humans negatively imprint on intimate associates during a critical period (...)
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  11.  11
    A. Van den Beukel, De Dingen Hebben Hun Geheim; Gedachten Over Natuurkunde, Mens En God. Ten Have (Baarn 1990) ISBN 90-259-4453-1. [REVIEW]J. Stellingwerff - 1992 - Philosophia Reformata 57 (1):89-90.
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  12. Recognition and Power: Axel Honneth and the Tradition of Critical Social Theory.Bert van den Brink & David Owen (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    The topic of recognition has come to occupy a central place in debates in social and political theory. Developed by George Herbert Mead and Charles Taylor, it has been given expression in the program for Critical Theory developed by Axel Honneth in his book The Struggle for Recognition. Honneth's research program offers an empirically insightful way of reflecting on emancipatory struggles for greater justice and a powerful theoretical tool for generating a conception of justice and the good that enables the (...)
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  13.  1
    The Influence of Impurities on the Modulus Effect of Cold Worked Copper.A. Van den Beukel & C. Brouwer - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 17 (147):453-460.
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  14.  20
    Brave New Birds: The Use of 'Animal Integrity' in Animal Ethics.Bernice Bovenkerk, Frans W. A. Brom & Babs J. van den Bergh - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (1):16-22.
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  15.  34
    A Functional Interpretation for Nonstandard Arithmetic.Benno van den Berg, Eyvind Briseid & Pavol Safarik - 2012 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 163 (12):1962-1994.
    We introduce constructive and classical systems for nonstandard arithmetic and show how variants of the functional interpretations due to Gödel and Shoenfield can be used to rewrite proofs performed in these systems into standard ones. These functional interpretations show in particular that our nonstandard systems are conservative extensions of E-HAω and E-PAω, strengthening earlier results by Moerdijk and Palmgren, and Avigad and Helzner. We will also indicate how our rewriting algorithm can be used for term extraction purposes. To conclude the (...)
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  16.  13
    Spearman’s Hypothesis Tested Comparing Saudi Arabian Children and Adolescents with Various Other Groups of Children and Adolescents on the Items of the Standard Progressive Matrices.Jan Te NijenhuiS, Adel A. Batterjee, Michael Van Den Hoek, Jüri Allik & Vladimir Sukhanovskiy - 2017 - Journal of Biosocial Science 49 (5):634-647.
    SummarySpearman’s hypothesis tested at the level of items states that differences between ethnic groups on the items of an IQ test are a function of thegloadings of these items, such that there are small differences between ethnic groups on items with lowgloadings and large differences between ethnic groups on items with highgloadings; this has been confirmed in a limited number of studies. In this paper, Spearman’s hypothesis was tested, comparing a group of Saudi children and adolescents with other groups of (...)
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  17.  36
    Engineering and the Problem of Moral Overload.Jeroen Van den Hoven, Gert-Jan Lokhorst & Ibo Van de Poel - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (1):143-155.
    When thinking about ethics, technology is often only mentioned as the source of our problems, not as a potential solution to our moral dilemmas. When thinking about technology, ethics is often only mentioned as a constraint on developments, not as a source and spring of innovation. In this paper, we argue that ethics can be the source of technological development rather than just a constraint and technological progress can create moral progress rather than just moral problems. We show this by (...)
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  18. Playing God in Frankenstein’s Footsteps: Synthetic Biology and the Meaning of Life. [REVIEW]Henk van den Belt - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3):257-268.
    The emergent new science of synthetic biology is challenging entrenched distinctions between, amongst others, life and non-life, the natural and the artificial, the evolved and the designed, and even the material and the informational. Whenever such culturally sanctioned boundaries are breached, researchers are inevitably accused of playing God or treading in Frankenstein’s footsteps. Bioethicists, theologians and editors of scientific journals feel obliged to provide an authoritative answer to the ambiguous question of the ‘meaning’ of life, both as a scientific definition (...)
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  19.  21
    A Blooming and Buzzing Confusion: Buffon, Reimarus, and Kant on Animal Cognition.Hein van den Berg - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 72:1-9.
    Kant’s views on animals have received much attention in recent years. According to some, Kant attributed the capacity for objective perceptual awareness to non-human animals, even though he denied that they have concepts. This position is difficult to square with a conceptualist reading of Kant, according to which objective perceptual awareness requires concepts. Others take Kant’s views on animals to imply that the mental life of animals is a blooming, buzzing confusion. In this article I provide a historical reconstruction of (...)
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  20.  24
    A Behavioral Disinhibition Hypothesis of Interventions in Moral Dilemmas.Kees van den Bos, Patrick A. Müller & Tom Damen - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):281-283.
    The present article puts forward a behavioral disinhibition hypothesis stating that, often, at least some levels of behavioral disinhibition are needed to overcome people’s inhibition to intervene in dilemmatic situations in which they have to choose between different actions with good reasons for each of the actions involved. Results reported indeed show that people to whom disinhibited behaviors were salient or people with stronger predispositions toward behavioral disinhibition were more likely to intervene in trolley and footbridge dilemmas.
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  21.  8
    Suggestions to Improve the Comprehensibility of Current Definitions of Scientific Authorship for International Authors.Mohammad Hosseini, Luca Consoli, H. A. E. Zwart & Mariette A. Van den Hoven - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):597-617.
    Much has been said about the need for improving the current definitions of scientific authorship, but an aspect that is often overlooked is how to formulate and communicate these definitions to ensure that they are comprehensible and useful for researchers, notably researchers active in international research consortia. In light of a rapid increase in international collaborations within natural sciences, this article uses authorship of this branch of sciences as an example and provides suggestions to improve the comprehensibility of the definitions (...)
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  22.  29
    Suggestions to Improve the Comprehensibility of Current Definitions of Scientific Authorship for International Authors.Mohammad Hosseini, Luca Consoli, H. A. E. Zwart & Mariette A. Van den Hoven - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    Much has been said about the need for improving the current definitions of scientific authorship, but an aspect that is often overlooked is how to formulate and communicate these definitions to ensure that they are comprehensible and useful for researchers, notably researchers active in international research consortia. In light of a rapid increase in international collaborations within natural sciences, this article uses authorship of this branch of sciences as an example and provides suggestions to improve the comprehensibility of the definitions (...)
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  23. Information Technology and Moral Philosophy.Jeroen van den Hoven & John Weckert (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Information technology is an integral part of the practices and institutions of post-industrial society. It is also a source of hard moral questions and thus is both a probing and relevant area for moral theory. In this volume, an international team of philosophers sheds light on many of the ethical issues arising from information technology, including informational privacy, digital divide and equal access, e-trust and tele-democracy. Collectively, these essays demonstrate how accounts of equality and justice, property and privacy benefit from (...)
     
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  24. In Between Us: On the Transparency and Opacity of Technological Mediation. [REVIEW]Yoni Van Den Eede - 2011 - Foundations of Science 16 (2-3):139-159.
    In recent years several approaches—philosophical, sociological, psychological—have been developed to come to grips with our profoundly technologically mediated world. However, notwithstanding the vast merit of each, they illuminate only certain aspects of technological mediation. This paper is a preliminary attempt at a philosophical reflection on technological mediation as such—deploying the concepts of ‘transparency’ and ‘opacity’ as heuristic instruments. Hence, we locate a ‘theory of transparency’ within several theoretical frameworks—respectively classic phenomenology, media theory, Actor Network Theory, postphenomenology, several ethnographical, psychological, and (...)
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  25.  19
    Liberalism, Equality, and Cultural Oppression.H. H. A. van den Brink - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (1):103-105.
    Liberal political philosophy emphasizes the benefits of membership in a cultural group and, in the opinion of this challenging book, neglects its harmful, oppressive aspects. Andrew Kernohan argues that an oppressive culture perpetuates inegalitarian social meanings and false assumptions about who is entitled to what. Cultural pollution harms fundamental interests in self-respect and knowledge of the good and is diffuse, insidious, and unnoticed. This cultural pollution is analogous to environmental pollution, and though difficult to detect, is nonetheless just as real. (...)
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  26.  18
    Cognitive Semiotics in Argumentation: A Theoretical Exploration.Paul Van den Hoven - 2015 - Argumentation 29 (2):157-176.
    Argumentation is a cognitive category. Texts cannot be said to be argumentation, nor can argumentation be said to lie in texts. This is an almost trivial semiotic point of departure, but it is quite relevant nevertheless. In this contribution, three reasons are developed to emphasize and to articulate the semiotic component of argumentation to show that it is a crucial element that cannot be disregarded. Two of these reasons are mentioned only in passing as other contributions in this volume deal (...)
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  27.  13
    Aspects of Predicative Algebraic Set Theory I: Exact Completion.Benno van den Berg & Ieke Moerdijk - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 156 (1):123-159.
    This is the first in a series of papers on Predicative Algebraic Set Theory, where we lay the necessary groundwork for the subsequent parts, one on realizability [B. van den Berg, I. Moerdijk, Aspects of predicative algebraic set theory II: Realizability, Theoret. Comput. Sci. . Available from: arXiv:0801.2305, 2008], and the other on sheaves [B. van den Berg, I. Moerdijk, Aspects of predicative algebraic set theory III: Sheaf models, 2008 ]. We introduce the notion of a predicative category with small (...)
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  28. The Ultimate Punishment : A Defense.Ernest van den Haag - 2009 - In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
  29.  11
    Axiomatic Natural Philosophy and the Emergence of Biology as a Science.Hein van den Berg & Boris Demarest - 2020 - Journal of the History of Biology 53 (3):379-422.
    Ernst Mayr argued that the emergence of biology as a special science in the early nineteenth century was possible due to the demise of the mathematical model of science and its insistence on demonstrative knowledge. More recently, John Zammito has claimed that the rise of biology as a special science was due to a distinctive experimental, anti-metaphysical, anti-mathematical, and anti-rationalist strand of thought coming from outside of Germany. In this paper we argue that this narrative neglects the important role played (...)
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  30.  19
    Kant and the Scope of Analogy in the Life Sciences.Hein van den Berg - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 71:67-76.
    In the present paper I investigate the role that analogy plays in eighteenth-century biology and in Kant’s philosophy of biology. I will argue that according to Kant, biology, as it was practiced in the eighteenth century, is fundamentally based on analogical reflection. However, precisely because biology is based on analogical reflection, biology cannot be a proper science. I provide two arguments for this interpretation. First, I argue that although analogical reflection is, according to Kant, necessary to comprehend the nature of (...)
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  31.  41
    Distributive Justice and the Value of Information: A (Broadly) Rawlsian Approach.Jeroen van den Hoven & Emma Rooksby - 2008 - In M. J. van den Joven & J. Weckert (eds.), Information Technology and Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  32.  19
    On EMDR: Eye Movements During Retrieval Reduce Subjective Vividness and Objective Memory Accessibility During Future Recall.Marcel A. van den Hout, Nicola Bartelski & Iris M. Engelhard - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):177-183.
  33.  10
    Rules as Resources: An Ecological-Enactive Perspective on Linguistic Normativity.Jasper C. Van den Herik - 2021 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 20 (1):93-116.
    In this paper, I develop an ecological-enactive perspective on the role rules play in linguistic behaviour. I formulate and motivate the hypothesis that metalinguistic reflexivity – our ability to talk about talking – is constitutive of linguistic normativity. On first sight, this hypothesis might seem to fall prey to a regress objection. By discussing the work of Searle, I show that this regress objection originates in the idea that learning language involves learning to follow rules from the very start. I (...)
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  34.  19
    Consistency, Population Solidarity, and Egalitarian Solutions for TU-Games.René van den Brink, Youngsub Chun, Yukihiko Funaki & Boram Park - 2016 - Theory and Decision 81 (3):427-447.
    A solution for cooperative games with transferable utility, or simply TU-games, assigns a payoff vector to every TU-game. In this paper we discuss two classes of equal surplus sharing solutions. The first class consists of all convex combinations of the equal division solution and the center-of-gravity of the imputation-set value. The second class is the dual class consisting of all convex combinations of the equal division solution and the egalitarian non-separable contribution value. We provide characterizations of the two classes of (...)
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  35.  14
    Figures of Disengagement: Charles Taylor, Scientific Parenting, and the Paradox of Late Modernity.Luc Van den Berge & Stefan Ramaekers - 2014 - Educational Theory 64 (6):607-625.
    In this essay Luc Van den Berge and Stefan Ramaekers take the idea of “scientific parenting” as an example of ambiguities that are typical of our late-modern condition. On the one hand, parenting seems like a natural thing to do, which makes “scientific parenting” sound like an oxymoron; on the other hand, a disengaged stance informed by the latest scientific findings is uncritically demanded of parents, as such an approach is conceived of as a panacea. Instead of taking sides in (...)
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  36.  10
    Amygdala Activation During Emotional Face Processing in Adolescents with Affective Disorders: The Role of Underlying Depression and Anxiety Symptoms.Bianca G. van den Bulk, Paul H. F. Meens, Natasja D. J. van Lang, E. L. de Voogd, Nic J. A. van der Wee, Serge A. R. B. Rombouts, Eveline A. Crone & Robert R. J. M. Vermeiren - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  37. Linguistic Know-How and the Orders of Language.Jasper van den Herik - 2017 - Language Sciences 61:17-27.
    This paper proposes an account of linguistic knowledge in terms of knowing-how, starting from Love's seminal distinction between first-order linguistic activity and second-order (or metalinguistic) practices. Metalinguistic practices are argued to be constitutive of linguistic knowledge. Skilful linguistic behaviour is subject to correction based on criterial support provided through metalinguistic practices. Linguistic know-how is knowing-how to provide and to recognise criterial support for first-order linguistic activity. I conclude that participation in first-order linguistic activity requires a critical reflective attitude, which implies (...)
     
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  38.  80
    The Human Body and the Significance of Human Movement: A Phenomenological Study.J. H. Van Den Berg - 1952 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 13 (2):159-183.
  39.  63
    Axiomatizations of a Class of Equal Surplus Sharing Solutions for TU-Games.René van den Brink & Yukihiko Funaki - 2009 - Theory and Decision 67 (3):303-340.
    A situation, in which a finite set of players can obtain certain payoffs by cooperation can be described by a cooperative game with transferable utility, or simply a TU-game. A (point-valued) solution for TU-games assigns a payoff distribution to every TU-game. In this article we discuss a class of equal surplus sharing solutions consisting of all convex combinations of the CIS-value, the ENSC-value and the equal division solution. We provide several characterizations of this class of solutions on variable and fixed (...)
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  40.  28
    Getting Your Ad Banned to Bring the Message Home? - A Rhetorical Analysis of an Ad on the US National Debt.Paul van den Hoven - 2012 - Informal Logic 32 (4):381-402.
    A systematic rhetorical analysis may reveal elements of multimodal argumentative discourse that would otherwise remain hidden. In this article, we present simultaneously the basics of the method we have developed to integrate theories about different modalities in one parallel processing framework for rhetorical analysis and the results of its application to an intriguing ad.
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  41.  45
    The Argumentative Reconstruction of Multimodal Discourse, Taking the ABC Coverage of President Hu Jintao’s Visit to the USA as an Example.Paul van den Hoven & Ying Yang - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (4):403-424.
    This paper addresses the question how to analyze multimodal public discourse in such a way that the resulting reconstruction of the rhetor’s accountability either obliges the rhetor to acknowledge the argumentative reconstruction as valid or to refute its validity in a meta-discussion. This is a challenge for discourse theory as well as for argument theory because multimodal discourse seems far removed from the ‘standard’ propositional format of an argument. We argue that multimodal discourse should be analyzed as a coherent and (...)
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  42.  1
    Ethics and the UN Sustainable Development Goals: The Case for Comprehensive Engineering: Commentary on “Using Student Engagement to Relocate Ethics to the Core of the Engineering Curriculum”.Jeroen van den Hoven - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (6):1789-1797.
    In the twenty-first century, the urgent problems the world is facing are increasingly related to vast and intricate ‘systems of systems’, which comprise both socio-technical and eco-systems. In order for engineers to adequately and responsibly respond to these problems, they cannot focus on only one technical or any other aspect in isolation, but must adopt a wider and multidisciplinary perspective of these systems, including an ethical and social perspective. Engineering curricula should therefore focus on what we call ‘comprehensive engineering’. Comprehensive (...)
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  43.  72
    Why One Should Do One's Bit: Thinking About Free Riding in the Context of Public Health Ethics.M. van den Hoven - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (2):154-160.
    Vaccination programmes against infectious diseases aim to protect individuals from serious illness but also offer collective protection once a sufficient number of people have been immunized. This so-called ‘herd immunity’ is important for individuals who, for health reasons, cannot be immunized or who respond less well to vaccines. For these individuals, it is pivotal that others establish group protection. However, herd immunity can be compromised when people deliberately decide not to be immunized and benefit from the herd’s protection. These agents (...)
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  44.  10
    Ethics and the UN Sustainable Development Goals: The Case for Comprehensive Engineering.Jeroen van den Hoven - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    In the twenty-first century, the urgent problems the world is facing are increasingly related to vast and intricate ‘systems of systems’, which comprise both socio-technical and eco-systems. In order for engineers to adequately and responsibly respond to these problems, they cannot focus on only one technical or any other aspect in isolation, but must adopt a wider and multidisciplinary perspective of these systems, including an ethical and social perspective. Engineering curricula should therefore focus on what we call ‘comprehensive engineering’. Comprehensive (...)
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  45.  27
    Quantifier Elimination for Modules with Scalar Variables.Lou van den Dries & Jan Holly - 1992 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 57 (2):161-179.
    Van den Dries, L. and J. Holly, Quantifier elimination for modules with scalar variables, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 57 161–179. We consider modules as two-sorted structures with scalar variables ranging over the ring. We show that each formula in which all scalar variables are free is equivalent to a formula of a very simple form, uniformly and effectively for all torsion-free modules over gcd domains . For the case of Presburger arithmetic with scalar variables the result takes a (...)
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  46.  7
    Blurring of Emotional and Non-Emotional Memories by Taxing Working Memory During Recall.Marcel A. van den Hout, Marloes B. Eidhof, Jesse Verboom, Marianne Littel & Iris M. Engelhard - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (4):717-727.
  47.  54
    Living in the Hands of God. English Sunni E-Fatwas on (Non-)Voluntary Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide.Stef Van den Branden & Bert Broeckaert - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (1):29-41.
    Ever since the start of the twentieth century, a growing interest and importance of studying fatwas can be noted, with a focus on Arabic printed fatwas (Wokoeck 2009). The scholarly study of end-of-life ethics in these fatwas is a very recent feature, taking a first start in the 1980s (Anees 1984; Rispler-Chaim 1993). Since the past two decades, we have witnessed the emergence of a multitude of English fatwas that can easily be consulted through the Internet (‘e-fatwas’), providing Muslims worldwide (...)
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  48.  23
    The Collective Construction of a Scientific Fact: A Re-Examination of the Early Period of the Wassermann Reaction (1906–1912). [REVIEW]Henk van den Belt - 2011 - Social Epistemology 25 (4):311 - 339.
    Ludwik Fleck is widely recognized as a precursor of Science and Technology Studies, but his case study on the development of the Wassermann reaction as a test for detecting syphilis has never been subjected to detailed empirical scrutiny. The fact that Fleck?s monograph is based on a limited set of documentary sources makes his work vulnerable to uncharitable critics. The problematic relation between thought collective and individual scientists in Fleck?s theoretical approach is another reason for a systematic re-examination of his (...)
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  49. Kant’s Conception of Proper Science.Hein van den Berg - 2011 - Synthese 183 (1):7-26.
    Kant is well known for his restrictive conception of proper science. In the present paper I will try to explain why Kant adopted this conception. I will identify three core conditions which Kant thinks a proper science must satisfy: systematicity, objective grounding, and apodictic certainty. These conditions conform to conditions codified in the Classical Model of Science. Kant’s infamous claim that any proper natural science must be mathematical should be understood on the basis of these conditions. In order to substantiate (...)
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    Stages of Moral Judgment Development: Applying Item Response Theory to Defining Issues Test Data.Thijs van den Enden, Jan Boom, Daniel Brugman & Stephen Thoma - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (4):423-438.
    ABSTRACTThe Defining Issues Test has been the dominant measure of moral development. The DIT has its roots in Kohlberg’s original stage theory of moral judgment development and asks respondents to rank a set of stage typed statements in order of importance on six stories. However, the question to what extent the DIT-data match the underlying stage model was never addressed with a statistical model. Therefore, we applied item response theory to a large data set. We found that the ordering of (...)
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