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Profile: Anna Alexandrova (Cambridge University)
  1.  74
    Buyer Beware: Robustness Analyses in Economics and Biology.Jay Odenbaugh & Anna Alexandrova - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):757-771.
    Theoretical biology and economics are remarkably similar in their reliance on mathematical models, which attempt to represent real world systems using many idealized assumptions. They are also similar in placing a great emphasis on derivational robustness of modeling results. Recently philosophers of biology and economics have argued that robustness analysis can be a method for confirmation of claims about causal mechanisms, despite the significant reliance of these models on patently false assumptions. We argue that the power of robustness analysis has (...)
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  2. Paternalism in Economics.Daniel M. Haybron & Anna Alexandrova - 2013 - In Christian Coons Michael Weber (ed.), Paternalism: Theory and Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 157--177.
  3.  96
    Making Models Count.Anna Alexandrova - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (3):383-404.
    What sort of claims do scientific models make and how do these claims then underwrite empirical successes such as explanations and reliable policy interventions? In this paper I propose answers to these questions for the class of models used throughout the social and biological sciences, namely idealized deductive ones with a causal interpretation. I argue that the two main existing accounts misrepresent how these models are actually used, and propose a new account. *Received July 2006; revised August 2008. †To contact (...)
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  4.  93
    Connecting Economic Models to the Real World: Game Theory and the Fcc Spectrum Auctions.Anna Alexandrova - 2006 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (2):173-192.
    Can social phenomena be understood by analyzing their parts? Contemporary economic theory often assumes that they can. The methodology of constructing models which trace the behavior of perfectly rational agents in idealized environments rests on the premise that such models, while restricted, help us isolate tendencies, that is, the stable separate effects of economic causes that can be used to explain and predict economic phenomena. In this paper, I question both the claim that models in economics supply claims about tendencies (...)
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  5.  31
    Can the Science of Well-Being Be Objective?Anna Alexandrova - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axw027.
    Well–being, health and freedom are some of the many phenomena of interest to science whose definitions rely on a normative standard. Empirical generalizations about them thus present a special case of value-ladenness. I propose the notion of a ‘mixed claim’ to denote such generalizations. Against the prevailing wisdom, I argue that we should not seek to eliminate them from science. Rather, we need to develop principles for their legitimate use. Philosophers of science have already reconciled values with objectivity in several (...)
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  6. Well-Being as an Object of Science.Anna Alexandrova - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):678-689.
    The burgeoning science of well-being makes no secret of being value laden: improvement of well-being is its explicit goal. But in order to achieve this goal its concepts and claims need to be value adequate; that is, they need, among other things, to adequately capture well-being. In this article I consider two ways of securing this adequacy—first, by relying on philosophical theory of prudential value and, second, by the psychometric approach. I argue that neither is fully adequate and explore an (...)
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  7.  79
    No Revolution Necessary: Neural Mechanisms for Economics.Carl F. Craver & Anna Alexandrova - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):381-406.
    We argue that neuroeconomics should be a mechanistic science. We defend this view as preferable both to a revolutionary perspective, according to which classical economics is eliminated in favour of neuroeconomics, and to a classical economic perspective, according to which economics is insulated from facts about psychology and neuroscience. We argue that, like other mechanistic sciences, neuroeconomics will earn its keep to the extent that it either reconfigures how economists think about decision-making or how neuroscientists think about brain mechanisms underlying (...)
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  8.  26
    Is Well-Being Measurable After All?Anna Alexandrova - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics:phw015.
    In Valuing Health, Dan Hausman argues that well-being is not measurable, at least not in the way that science and policy would require. His argument depends on a demanding conception of well-being and on a pessimistic verdict upon the existing measures of subjective well-being. Neither of these reasons, I argue, warrant as much skepticism as Hausman professes.
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  9.  83
    Progress in Economics: Lessons From the Spectrum Auctions.Anna Alexandrova & Robert Northcott - 2009 - In Harold Kincaid & Don Ross (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Economics. Oxford University Press. pp. 306--337.
    The 1994 US spectrum auction is now a paradigmatic case of the successful use of microeconomic theory for policy-making. We use a detailed analysis of it to review standard accounts in philosophy of science of how idealized models are connected to messy reality. We show that in order to understand what made the design of the spectrum auction successful, a new such account is required, and we present it here. Of especial interest is the light this sheds on the issue (...)
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  10.  77
    It's Just a Feeling: Why Economic Models Do Not Explain.Anna Alexandrova & Robert Northcott - 2013 - Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (3):262 - 267.
    Julian Reiss correctly identified a trilemma about economic models: we cannot maintain that they are false, but nevertheless explain and that only true accounts explain. In this reply we give reasons to reject the second premise ? that economic models explain. Intuitions to the contrary should be distrusted.
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  11. First-Person Reports and the Measurement of Happiness.Anna Alexandrova - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (5):571 – 583.
    First-person reports are central to the study of subjective well-being in contemporary psychology, but there is much disagreement about exactly what sort of first-person reports should be used. This paper examines an influential proposal to replace all first-person reports of life satisfaction with introspective reports of affect. I argue against the reasoning behind this proposal, and propose instead a new strategy for deciding what measure is appropriate.
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  12.  49
    Doing Well in the Circumstances.Anna Alexandrova - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (3):307-328.
    Judgments of well-being across different circumstances and spheres of life exhibit a staggering diversity. Depending on the situation, we use different standards of well-being and even treat it as being constituted by different things. This is true of scientific studies as well as of everyday life. How should we interpret this diversity? I consider three ways of doing so: first, denying the legitimacy of this diversity, second, treating well-being as semantically invariant but differentially realizable, and, third, adopting contextualist semantics for (...)
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  13.  48
    Well‐Being and Philosophy of Science.Anna Alexandrova - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (3):219-231.
    This article is a mutual introduction of the science of well-being to philosophy of science and an explanation of how the two disciplines can benefit each other. In the process, I argue that the science of well-being is not helpfully viewed as a social or a natural, but rather as a mixed, science. Hence, its methodology will have to attend to its specific features. I discuss two of its methodological problems: justifying the role of values, and validating measures. I suggest (...)
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  14.  9
    Value-Added Science.Anna Alexandrova - unknown
    Anna Alexandrova on value judgements and the measurement of well-being.
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  15.  56
    When Analytic Narratives Explain.Anna Alexandrova - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (1):1-24.
    Rational choice modeling originating in economics is sweeping across many areas of social science. This paper examines a popular methodological proposal for integrating formal models from game theory with more traditional narrative explanations of historical phenomena, known as “analytic narratives”. Under what conditions are we justified in thinking that an analytic narrative provides a good explanation? In this paper I criticize the existing criteria and provide a set of my own. Along the way, I address the critique of analytic narratives (...)
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  16. Laws.Nancy Cartwright, Anna Alexandrova, Andrew Hamilton Sophia Efstathiou & Ioan Muntean - 2005 - In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  17. The Science of Well-Being.Anna Alexandrova - 2015 - In Guy Fletcher (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being. Routledge. pp. 389-401.
  18.  35
    Kristin Shrader-Frechette Tainted: How Philosophy of Science Can Expose Bad Science.Anna Alexandrova - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (3):901-905.
  19.  15
    Adequacy for Purpose.Anna Alexandrova - 2010 - Modern Schoolman 87 (3-4):295-301.
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  20.  21
    We Would Like to Thank the Following for Contributing to the Journal as Reviewers This Past Year: Rebecca Abraham Fred Adams.Ken Aizawa, Anna Alexandrova, Sophie Allen, Michael Anderson, Holly Anderson, Kristin Andrews, Adam Arico, Andre Ariew, Edward Averill & Andrew R. Bailey - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (6):859-860.
  21.  20
    Philosophical Psychology Would Like to Thank Our Reviewers for Their Generous Contributions to the Journal in 2010. Jonathan Adler Kenneth Aizawa.Kathleen Akins, Pignocchi Alessandro, Joshua Alexander, Anna Alexandrova, Keith Allen, Sophie Allen, Colin Allen, Maria Alvarez, Santiago Amaya & Ben Ambridge - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (6):845-848.
  22.  46
    The Invisible Hand in Economics: How Economists Explain Unintended Social Consequences , N. Emrah Aydinonat, Routledge, 2008, XVI + 258 Pages. [REVIEW]Anna Alexandrova - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (3):371-378.
  23.  10
    Armchair Science.Robert Northcott & Anna Alexandrova - unknown
    We define the notion of armchair science – roughly, a concentration on the development of idealized theory with only a loose relation to possible empirical application, and in particular with no specific real-world target in mind. Work in this style is both very influential and very widespread in contemporary social and biological science. We propose that it be subjected to what we call efficiency analysis. To this end, we examine in detail the role of the Prisoner’s Dilemma game in explaining (...)
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  24.  13
    5 High-Fidelity Economics.Anna Alexandrova & Daniel M. Haybron - 2011 - In J. B. Davis & D. W. Hands (eds.), Elgar Companion to Recent Economic Methodology. Edward Elgar Publishers. pp. 94.
  25. Values and the Science of Well-Being : A Recipe for Mixing.Anna Alexandrova - 2012 - In Harold Kincaid (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science. Oxford University Press.
  26.  23
    Book Reviews Haybron, Daniel M . The Pursuit of Unhappiness: The Elusive Psychology of Well‐Being . New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. Pp. 357. $55.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW]Anna Alexandrova - 2009 - Ethics 119 (4):773-777.
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  27.  26
    The Scientific Study of Society, by Max Steuer. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003, XIII + 464 Pages. [REVIEW]Anna Alexandrova & Robert Northcott - 2004 - Economics and Philosophy 20 (2):375-381.
  28.  6
    No Title Available: Reviews.Anna Alexandrova - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (3):371-378.
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  29.  1
    Adequacy for Purpose: The Best Deal a Model Can Get.Anna Alexandrova - 2010 - Modern Schoolman 87 (3/4):295-301.
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  30.  1
    Boland, Lawrence A.,“On Reviewing Machine Dreams: Zoomed-in Versus Zoomed-Out”[Review Essay], 478. Campbell, Scott, and Greg Currie,“Against Beck: In Defence of Risk Analysis,” 149. Collard, David,“Research on Well-Being: Some Advice From Jeremy Bentham,” 330. Currie, G., See Campbell. [REVIEW]Joseph Agassi, Anna Alexandrova, F. C. C. Spectrum Auctions & Lorenzo Bernasconi-Kohn - 2005 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 173.
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  31. Brill Online Books and Journals.Anna Alexandrova - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (1).
     
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  32. Review of The Invisible Hand in Economics: How Economists Explain Unintended Social Consequences. [REVIEW]Anna Alexandrova - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (3):371-378.
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