Results for 'Caroline Cragwall'

995 found
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  1.  11
    Threat Advantage: Perception of Angry and Happy Dynamic Faces Across Cultures.Claudia Marinetti, Batja Mesquita, Michelle Yik, Caroline Cragwall & Ashleigh H. Gallagher - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (7):1326-1334.
  2.  15
    A Realist Theory of Science.Caroline Whitbeck - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (1):114.
  3.  63
    Ethics in Engineering Practice and Research.Caroline Whitbeck - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    Engineers encounter difficult ethical problems in their practice and in research. In many ways, these problems are like design problems: they are complex, often ill-defined; resolving them involves an iterative process of analysis and synthesis; and there can be more than one acceptable solution. This book offers a real-world, problem-centered approach to engineering ethics, using a rich collection of open-ended scenarios and case studies to develop skill in recognizing and addressing ethical issues.
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  4. The Free Speech Argument Against Pornography.Caroline West - 2003 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (3):391 - 422.
    It is widely held that free speech is a distinctive and privileged social kind. But what is free speech? In particular, is there any unified phenomenon that is both free speech and which is worthy of the special value traditionally attached to free speech? We argue that a descendent of the classic Millian justification of free speech is in fact a justification of a more general social condition; and, via an argument that 'free speech' names whatever natural social kind is (...)
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  5.  40
    The Development of Abstract Syntax: Evidence From Structural Priming and the Lexical Boost.Caroline F. Rowland, Franklin Chang, Ben Ambridge, Julian M. Pine & Elena Vm Lieven - 2012 - Cognition 125 (1):49-63.
  6. Correspondenz von Leibniz Mit Caroline.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Onno Caroline & Klopp - 1973
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  7. Up Against Foucault: Explorations of Some Tensions Between Foucault and Feminism.Caroline Ramazanoglu (ed.) - 1993 - Routledge.
    Up Against Foucault offers both a feminist critique of Foucauldian theories as well as an attempt to reconcile these seemingly irreconcilable perspectives. Feminists are often "up against Foucault" because he questions key conclusions in feminism regarding the nature of gender relations, and men's possession of power. This book, however, fills the gap in literature about Foucault by showing how his theories of sexuality and power relations are often applicable to the everyday realities of women's lives. Drawing upon their diverse backgrounds (...)
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  8.  37
    Contemporary French Philosophy: Modernity and the Persistence of the Subject.Caroline Williams - 2001 - Continuum.
    "Caroline Williams marks what is distinctive about 20th Century French philosophy's interrogation of the subject and demonstrates its historical continuity in a ...
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  9. Teaching Ethics to Scientists and Engineers: Moral Agents and Moral Problems.Caroline Whitbeck - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):299-308.
    In this paper I outline an “agent-centered” approach to learning ethics. The approach is “agent-centered” in that its central aim is to prepare students toact wisely and responsibly when faced with moral problems. The methods characteristic of this approach are suitable for integrating material on professional and research ethics into technical courses, as well as for free-standing ethics courses. The analogy I draw between ethical problems and design problems clarifies the character of ethical problems as they are experienced by those (...)
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  10.  70
    Hasteners and Delayers: Why Rains Don’T Cause Fires.Caroline Torpe Touborg - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (7):1557-1576.
    We typically judge that hasteners are causes of what they hasten, while delayers are not causes of what they delay. These judgements, I suggest, are sensitive to an underlying metaphysical distinction. To see this, we need to pay attention to a relation that I call positive security-dependence, where an event E security-depends positively on an earlier event C just in case E could more easily have failed to occur if C had not occurred. I suggest that we judge that an (...)
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  11.  45
    Ethics as Design: Doing Justice to Moral Problems.Caroline Whitbeck - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (3):9-16.
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  12.  23
    Explaining Errors in Children’s Questions.Caroline F. Rowland - 2007 - Cognition 104 (1):106-134.
    The ability to explain the occurrence of errors in children's speech is an essential component of successful theories of language acquisition. The present study tested some generativist and constructivist predictions about error on the questions produced by ten English-learning children between 2 and 5 years of age. The analyses demonstrated that, as predicted by some generativist theories [e.g. Santelmann, L., Berk, S., Austin, J., Somashekar, S. & Lust. B. (2002). Continuity and development in the acquisition of inversion in yes/no questions: (...)
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  13.  90
    The Role of Personal Values in Fair Trade Consumption.Caroline Josephine Doran - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):549-563.
    Research in the U. S. on fair trade consumption is sparse. Therefore, little is known as to what motivates U. S. consumers to buy fair trade products. This study sought to determine which values are salient to American fair trade consumption. The data were gathered via a Web-based version of the Schwartz Value Survey (SVS) and were gleaned from actual consumers who purchase fair trade products from a range of Internet-based fair trade retailers. This study established that indeed there are (...)
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  14. Causation in Medicine: The Disease Entity Model.Caroline Whitbeck - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):619-637.
    This paper examines the way in which causal relations are understood in the dominant model in contemporary medicine. It argues that the causal relation is not definable in terms of the condition relation, but that in general for conditions of an occurrence to be among its causes they must answer instrumental interests in a certain way, and there are further criteria for distinguishing 'the' cause of a disease (i.e., its etiological agent) from other causal factors, which are based upon instrumental (...)
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  15.  82
    Hasteners and Delayers: Why Rains Don’T Cause Fires.Caroline Torpe Touborg - 2017 - Philosophical Studies (7):1-20.
    We typically judge that hasteners are causes of what they hasten, while delayers are not causes of what they delay. These judgements, I suggest, are sensitive to an underlying metaphysical distinction. To see this, we need to pay attention to a relation that I call positive security-dependence, where an event E security-depends positively on an earlier event C just in case E could more easily have failed to occur if C had not occurred. I suggest that we judge that an (...)
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  16.  45
    Thinking the Political in the Wake of Spinoza: Power, Affect and Imagination in the Ethics.Caroline Williams - 2007 - Contemporary Political Theory 6 (3):349-369.
    There is currently a growing interest in the philosophy and political thought of Baruch de Spinoza following many years of comparative neglect, particularly within political philosophy. The focus of this paper is Spinoza's major work, the Ethics, and its relation to his political writings. It explores Spinoza's distinctive formulations of imagination and affect and considers some of the ways in which these impact upon his political thought, specifically via his reflections upon democracy and knowledge. The discussion draws particular attention to (...)
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  17. From BDI and Stit to Bdi-Stit Logic.Caroline Semmling & Heinrich Wansing - 2008 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 17 (1-2):185-207.
    Since it is desirable to be able to talk about rational agents forming attitudes toward their concrete agency, we suggest an introduction of doxastic, volitional, and intentional modalities into the multi-agent logic of deliberatively seeing to it that, dstit logic. These modalities are borrowed from the well-known BDI (belief-desire-intention) logic. We change the semantics of the belief and desire operators from a relational one to a monotonic neighbourhood semantic in order to handle ascriptions of conflicting but not inconsistent beliefs and (...)
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  18. A Theory of Health.Caroline Whitbeck - 1981 - In Arthur L. Caplan, H. Tristram Engelhardt & James J. McCartney (eds.), Concepts of Health and Disease: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Addison-Wesley, Advanced Book Program/World Science Division. pp. 611--626.
     
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  19. Why Care About Being an Agent.Caroline T. Arruda - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (3):488-504.
    The question ‘Why care about being an agent?’ asks for reasons to be something that appears to be non-optional. But perhaps it is closer to the question ‘Why be moral?’; or so I shall argue. Here the constitutivist answer—that we cannot help but have this aim—seems to be the best answer available. I suggest that, regardless of whether constitutivism is true, it is an incomplete answer. I argue that we should instead answer the question by looking at our evaluative commitments (...)
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  20.  36
    Understanding Ethical Luxury Consumption Through Practice Theories: A Study of Fine Jewellery Purchases.Caroline Moraes, Marylyn Carrigan, Carmela Bosangit, Carlos Ferreira & Michelle McGrath - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (3):525-543.
    This paper builds on existing research investigating CSR and ethical consumption within luxury contexts, and makes several contributions to the literature. First, it addresses existing knowledge gaps by exploring the ways in which consumers perform ethical luxury purchases of fine jewellery through interpretive research. Second, the paper is the first to examine such issues of consumer ethics by extending the application of theories of practice to a luxury product context, and by building on Magaudda’s :15–36, 2011) circuit of practice framework. (...)
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  21. Pornography and Censorship.Caroline West - manuscript
    This question lies at the heart of a debate that raises fundamental issues about just when, and on what grounds, the state is justified in using its coercive powers to limit the freedom of individuals.
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  22.  22
    Of Expression and Racist Hate Speech1.Caroline West - 2012 - In Mary Kate McGowan Ishani Maitra (ed.), Speech and Harm: Controversies Over Free Speech. pp. 222.
  23.  19
    Autism Research: An Objective Quantitative Review of Progress and Focus Between 1994 and 2015.Caroline P. Whyatt & Elizabeth B. Torres - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  24. The Varieties of Moral Improvement, or Why Metaethical Constructivism Must Explain Moral Progress.Caroline Arruda - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (1):17-38.
    Among the available metaethical views, it would seem that moral realism—in particular moral naturalism—must explain the possibility of moral progress. We see this in the oft-used argument from disagreement against various moral realist views. My suggestion in this paper is that, surprisingly, metaethical constructivism has at least as pressing a need to explain moral progress. I take moral progress to be, minimally, the opportunity to access and to act in light of moral facts of the matter, whether they are mind-independent (...)
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  25.  2
    Considering Epistemic Violence, Scarcity and Student Voice in Relation to Educational Goods.Caroline Bagelman - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (5):1356-1363.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  26.  16
    Autobiographical Memory and Hyperassociativity in the Dreaming Brain: Implications for Memory Consolidation in Sleep.Caroline L. Horton & Josie E. Malinowski - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  27.  35
    Introduction.Caroline Walker Bynum, Jeffrey F. Hamburger, William P. Caferro, Linda Safran, Adam S. Cohen, Kathryn Kremnitzer, Siddhartha V. Shah, Wenrui Zhao, Lynn Hunt, Elizabeth Heineman, William J. Simpson & Youval Rotman - 2018 - Common Knowledge 24 (3):353-355.
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  28. Theories of Sex Difference.Caroline Whitbeck - 1973 - Philosophical Forum 5 (1):54.
  29. Chimps as Secret Agents.Caroline T. Arruda & Daniel J. Povinelli - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7):2129-2158.
    We provide an account of chimpanzee-specific agency within the context of philosophy of action. We do so by showing that chimpanzees are capable of what we call reason-directed action, even though they may be incapable of more full-blown action, which we call reason-considered action. Although chimpanzee agency does not possess all the features of typical adult human agency, chimpanzee agency is evolutionarily responsive to their environment and overlaps considerably with our own. As such, it is an evolved set of capacities (...)
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  30.  49
    Two Ways of Relating to Reasons.Caroline T. Arruda & Daniel J. Povinelli - 2018 - Mind and Language 33 (5):441-459.
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  31.  3
    Preoccupied with the Body: Mild Stress Amplifies the Relation Between Rumination and Interoception.Caroline Schlinkert, Beate M. Herbert, Nicola Baumann & Sander L. Koole - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (7):1382-1394.
    Classic and modern emotion theories suggest that the perception of bodily sensations, or interoception, is foundational to emotion processing. The present research examined whether interoception is...
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  32.  30
    Unravelling the Subject with Spinoza: Towards a Morphological Analysis of the Scene of Subjectivity.Caroline Williams - 2017 - Contemporary Political Theory 16 (3):342-362.
    Whilst the concept of the subject has been called into question by many diverse approaches within contemporary political and social theory, there remains a focus upon agency, now attributable to reformulated subjectivities or assemblages. I query the persistence of this grammar of agency and ask whether politics can do without a ‘scene of the subject’. Spinoza’s philosophy, in particular, his conception of conatus, has inspired and offered some basis for rethinking agency. I examine two such prominent positions and argue that (...)
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  33.  19
    Ἐμπάθɛια and Caritas: The Role of Religion in Fair Trade Consumption.Caroline Josephine Doran & Samuel Michael Natale - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (1):1-15.
    There is much still to learn about the nature of fair trade consumers. In light of the Pope’s encyclical Caritas in Veritate, this article sought to advance the current understanding by investigating the role of religion in fair trade consumption. In this study, fair trade consumers and non-consumers across many religions as well as the non-religious described their consumption of fair trade products as well as the use of their religious beliefs in their purchase behavior. It appears that the non-religious (...)
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  34.  12
    Rhesus Monkeys Map Number Onto Space.Caroline B. Drucker & Elizabeth M. Brannon - 2014 - Cognition 132 (1):57-67.
  35.  34
    Group Mentoring to Foster the Responsible Conduct of Research.Caroline Whitebeck - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (4):541-558.
    This article reports on a method of group mentoring to strengthen responsible research conduct. A key feature of this approach is joint exploration of the issues by trainees and their faculty research supervisors. These interactions not only help participants learn about current ethical norms for research practice, but also draw on the accumulated experience of faculty and staff about practical problems of research conduct, and help to make faculty more articulate about responsible research conduct and so better able to guide (...)
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  36. What Kind of Theory is the Humean Theory of Motivation?Caroline T. Arruda - 2017 - Ratio 30 (3):322-342.
    I consider an underappreciated problem for proponents of the Humean theory of motivation. Namely, it is unclear whether is it to be understood as a largely psychological or largely metaphysical theory. I show that the psychological interpretation of HTM will need to be modified in order to be a tenable view and, as it will turn out, the modifications required render it virtually philosophically empty. I then argue that the largely metaphysical interpretation is the only a plausible interpretation of HTM's (...)
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  37.  13
    Moral Reasoning About School Bullying in Involved Adolescents.Caroline Levasseur, Nadia Desbiens & François Bowen - 2017 - Journal of Moral Education 46 (2):158-176.
    The aim of the present study was to investigate how bullying incident participant roles and moral reasoning relate to each other in adolescents. To do so, we examined sociomoral judgments about hypothetical bullying incidents and moral disengagement in adolescents identified as bullies, defenders of the victim and passive bystanders. Six-hundred and twenty-six high school students took part in this study and 131 were assigned a specific bullying incident participant role through peer nomination. Findings reveal that defenders of the victim show (...)
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  38.  81
    The Trouble With Dilemmas: Rethinking Applied Ethics.Caroline Whitbeck - 1992 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 1 (1/2):119-142.
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  39.  15
    Music-Colour Synaesthesia: Concept, Context and Qualia.Caroline Curwen - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 61:94-106.
    This review provides a commentary on coloured-hearing arising on hearing music: music-colour synaesthesia. Although traditionally explained by the hyperconnectivity theory (Ramachandran & Hubbard, 2001a) and the disinhibited feedback theory (Grossenbacher & Lovelace, 2001) as a purely perceptual phenomenon, the review of eight coloured-hearing neuroimaging studies shows that it may not be assumed that these explanations are directly translatable to music-colour synaesthesia. The concept of 'ideaesthesia' (Nikolić, 2009) and the role of conceptual and semantic inducers challenge the likelihood of a single (...)
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  40.  72
    Constitutivism and the Self-Reflection Requirement.Caroline Arruda - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (4):1165-1183.
    Constitutivists explicitly emphasize the importance of self-reflection for rational agency. Interestingly enough, there is no clear account of how and why self-reflection plays such an important role for these views. My aim in this paper is to address this underappreciated problem for constitutivist views and to determine whether constitutivist self-reflection is normatively oriented. Understanding its normative features will allow us to evaluate a potential way that constitutivism may meet its purported metaethical promise. I begin by showing why constitutivism, as exemplified (...)
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  41.  39
    Fair Trade Consumption: In Support of the Out-Group. [REVIEW]Caroline Josephine Doran - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (4):527 - 541.
    Two sets of self-transcendence values -universalism and benevolence - act as a source of motivation for the promotion of the welfare of the other rather than the self This article sought to determine the exact nature of the interaction between these sets of values and the consumption of fair trade products. In an earlier study, universalism values were found to have a significant influence on fair trade consumption whereas benevolence values did not, despite their shared goal and values theory. Additionally, (...)
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  42.  14
    A Model of Differential Amygdala Activation in Psychopathy.Caroline Moul, Simon Killcross & Mark R. Dadds - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (4):789-806.
  43.  13
    Towards a Thinking and Practice of Sexual Difference: Putting the Practice of Relationship at the Centre.Caroline Wilson - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 48 (2):202-215.
    This article seeks to open up a discussion of issues relating to the significance of sexual difference, the thinking and politics emerging from it and how it might affect educational philosophy. It briefly examines the initial work of Luce Irigaray, which has become quite influential in parts of the English speaking world, particularly focussing on the idea that there are implications for our educational objectives if gender equality were to be put in question as one of the underlying paradigms with (...)
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  44.  71
    What is Diagnosis? Some Critical Reflections.Caroline Whitbeck - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):319-329.
    It is argued that the common definition of diagnosis as the determination of the nature of a disease is misleading. Many diagnoses are not the names of disease entities. This finding reflects the integral relation of the diagnostic task to the rest of clinical reasoning. Diagnosis has no separate goal of its own, in particular it does not have the goal of determining the nature of a disease. Instead, diagnosis contributes to the general goals of clinical medicine. Any attempt to (...)
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  45.  10
    Beyond Compliance Checking: A Situated Approach to Visual Research Ethics.Caroline Lenette, Jessica R. Botfield, Katherine Boydell, Bridget Haire, Christy E. Newman & Anthony B. Zwi - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (2):293-303.
    Visual research methods like photography and digital storytelling are increasingly used in health and social sciences research as participatory approaches that benefit participants, researchers, and audiences. Visual methods involve a number of additional ethical considerations such as using identifiable content and ownership of creative outputs. As such, ethics committees should use different assessment frameworks to consider research protocols with visual methods. Here, we outline the limitations of ethics committees in assessing projects with a visual focus and highlight the sparse knowledge (...)
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  46.  48
    Is It What You Do, or When You Do It? The Roles of Contingency and Similarity in Pro‐Social Effects of Imitation.Caroline Catmur & Cecilia Heyes - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (8):1541-1552.
    Being imitated has a wide range of pro-social effects, but it is not clear how these effects are mediated. Naturalistic studies of the effects of being imitated have not established whether pro-social outcomes are due to the similarity and/or the contingency between the movements performed by the actor and those of the imitator. Similarity is often assumed to be the active ingredient, but we hypothesized that contingency might also be important, as it produces positive affect in infants and can be (...)
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  47.  40
    Salomon: Automatic Abstracting of Legal Cases for Effective Access to Court Decisions. [REVIEW]Caroline Uyttendaele, Marie-Francine Moens & Jos Dumortier - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 6 (1):59-79.
    The SALOMON project is a contribution to the automatic processing of legal texts. Its aim is to automatically summarise Belgian criminal cases in order to improve access to the large number of existing and future cases. Therefore, techniques are developed for identifying and extracting relevant information from the cases. A broader application of these techniques could considerably simplify the work of the legal profession.A double methodology was used when developing SALOMON: the cases are processed by employing additional knowledge to interpret (...)
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  48.  4
    Hyper-Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation: Experimental Manipulation of Inter-Brain Synchrony.Caroline Szymanski, Viktor Müller, Timothy R. Brick, Timo von Oertzen & Ulman Lindenberger - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  49. Personal Identity: Practical or Metaphysical?Caroline West - 2008 - In Catriona Mackenzie & Kim Atkins (eds.), Practical Identity and Narrative Agency. Routledge.
  50. The Maternal Instinct.Caroline Whitbeck - 1974 - Philosophical Forum 6 (2):265.
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