Results for 'Erika Holzer'

539 found
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  1.  7
    Taking Pieces of Rand with Them: Ayn Rand's Literary Influence.Robert Powell - 2012 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 12 (2):207 - 235.
    Despite the fact that Ayn Rand did not influence the best artists, she did leave an important legacy for the American imagination and literary establishment. Rand's influence is arguably more multi-genre than any other author. Some multi-genre authors who were possibly influenced by Rand include: John Steinbeck (literature), Mickey Spillane and Ian Fleming (detective fiction), Ira Levin, Cameron Hawley, Erika Holzer and Kay Nolte Smith (popular fiction) and Terry Goodkind (science fiction). Her influence represents an important balance between (...)
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  2.  20
    Welcoming Opposition: Havruta Learning and Montaigne’s The Art of Discussion.Elie Holzer - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (1):64-80.
    Michel de Montaigne’s L’art de Conférer offers a moral groundwork for students’ learning of havruta, a traditional Jewish form of studying in pairs, based on collaborative critical text-based learning, that can be applied to students everywhere. The article attends to the nature of havruta learning and to cultural norms that make it difficult for students to become open to their partners’ opposing ideas. Students’ critical discussion of Montaigne’s essay is then conceptualized as a pedagogical tool for cultivating the welcoming of (...)
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  3.  6
    Strategic Regulation of Empathy.Erika Weisz & Mina Cikara - 2021 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 25 (3):213-227.
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  4.  68
    Mad as Hell or Scared Stiff? The Effects of Value Conflict and Emotions on Potential Whistle-Blowers.Erika Henik - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (1):111-119.
    Existing whistle-blowing models rely on “cold” economic calculations and cost-benefit analyses to explain the judgments and actions of potential whistle-blowers. I argue that “hot” cognitions – value conflict and emotions – should be added to these models. I propose a model of the whistle-blowing decision process that highlights the reciprocal influence of “hot” and “cold” cognitions and advocate research that explores how value conflict and emotions inform reporting decisions. I draw on the cognitive appraisal approach to emotions and on the (...)
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  5. Sex and Sensibility: The Role of Social Selection: Roughgarden, Joan: The Genial Gene: Deconstructing Darwinian Selfishness. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009, Ix+261pp, $40.00 HB, $18.95 PB.Erika L. Milam, Roberta L. Millstein, Angela Potochnik & Joan E. Roughgarden - 2011 - Metascience 20 (2):253-277.
    Sex and sensibility: The role of social selection Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9464-6 Authors Erika L. Milam, Department of History, University of Maryland, 2115 Francis Scott Key Hall, College Park, MD 20742, USA Roberta L. Millstein, Department of Philosophy, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA Angela Potochnik, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210374, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA Joan E. Roughgarden, Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5020, USA Journal Metascience (...)
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  6.  34
    Evaluating Community Engagement in Global Health Research: The Need for Metrics.Jeremy Sugarman, Jessica Holzer, Janet Frohlich, Anant Bhan & Kathleen M. MacQueen - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundCommunity engagement in research has gained momentum as an approach to improving research, to helping ensure that community concerns are taken into account, and to informing ethical decision-making when research is conducted in contexts of vulnerability. However, guidelines and scholarship regarding community engagement are arguably unsettled, making it difficult to implement and evaluate.DiscussionWe describe normative guidelines on community engagement that have been offered by national and international bodies in the context of HIV-related research, which set the stage for similar work (...)
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  7.  71
    A Confucian View of Personhood and Bioethics.Erika Yu & Ruiping Fan - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (3):171-179.
    This paper focuses on Confucian formulations of personhood and the implications they may have for bioethics and medical practice. We discuss how an appreciation of the Confucian concept of personhood can provide insights into the practice of informed consent and, in particular, the role of family members and physicians in medical decision-making in societies influenced by Confucian culture. We suggest that Western notions of informed consent appear ethically misguided when viewed from a Confucian perspective.
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  8.  31
    Shrinking Poor White Life Spans: Class, Race, and Health Justice.Erika Blacksher - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):3-14.
    An absolute decline in US life expectancy in low education whites has alarmed policy makers and attracted media attention. Depending on which studies are correct, low education white women have lost between 3 and 5 years of lifespan; men, between 6 months and 3 years. Although absolute declines in life expectancy are relatively rare, some commentators see the public alarm as reflecting a racist concern for white lives over black ones. How ought we ethically to evaluate this lifespan contraction in (...)
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  9.  3
    Innovative Care in Latin America: Definition, Justification and Ethical Principles.Ignacio Mastroleo & Felicitas Holzer - 2019 - In Eduardo Rivera-López & Martin Hevia (eds.), Controversies in Latin American Bioethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 145-176.
    The term “innovation” or “innovative care” has recently gained attention in the context of the use of novel and not yet fully validated medical interventions and technologies. Most notably, there have been various incidences of medical activities insufficiently validated for its regular use in healthcare that fall into this category, such as stem cell treatments, genome sequencing for diagnostic purposes, or novel reproductive technologies. Latin American countries are among the places where new and non-validated medical activities take place, notably due (...)
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  10.  24
    The Instructional Challenges of Student Plagiarism.Erika Löfström & Pauliina Kupila - 2013 - Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (3):231-242.
    The focus of this article is university teachers’ and students’ views of plagiarism, plagiarism detection, and the use of plagiarism detection software as learning support. The data were collected from teachers and students who participated in a pilot project to test plagiarism detection software at a major university in Finland. The data were analysed through factor analysis, T-tests and inductive content analysis. Three distinct reasons for plagiarism were identified: intentional, unintentional and contextual. The teachers did not utilise plagiarism detection to (...)
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  11.  6
    Beyond Proximity: Consequentialist Ethics and System Dynamics.Erika Kristin Palmer - forthcoming - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics.
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  12.  68
    Coherence Between Expressive and Experiential Systems in Emotion.Erika L. Rosenberg & Paul Ekman - 1994 - Cognition and Emotion 8 (3):201-229.
  13.  11
    The ‘Serious’ Factor in Germline Modification.Erika Kleiderman, Vardit Ravitsky & Bartha Maria Knoppers - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (8):508-513.
    Current advances in assisted reproductive technologies aim to promote the health and well-being of future children. They offer the possibility to select embryos with the greatest potential of being born healthy and may someday correct faulty genes responsible for heritable diseases in the embryo ). Most laws and policy statements surrounding HGGM refer to the notion of ‘serious’ as a core criterion in determining what genetic diseases should be targeted by these technologies. Yet, this notion remains vague and poorly defined, (...)
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  14.  90
    Women, Sexual Asymmetry, and Catholic Teaching.Erika Bachiochi - 2013 - Christian Bioethics 19 (2):150-171.
    Women and men are biologically and reproductively dissimilar. This sexual distinctiveness gives rise to a “sexual asymmetry”—the fundamental reality that the potential consequences of sexual intercourse are far more immediate and serious for women than for men. Advocates of contraception and abortion sought to cure sexual asymmetry by decoupling sex from procreation, relieving women from the consequences of sex, and thus equalizing the sexual experiences of men and women. But efforts to suppress or reject biological difference have not relieved women (...)
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  15. Sometimes an Orgasm is Just an Orgasm.Erika Lorraine Milam, Gillian R. Brown, Stefan Linquist, Steve Fuller & Elisabeth A. Lloyd - 2006 - Metascience 15 (3):399-435.
    I should like to offer my greatest thanks to Paul Griffiths for providing the opportunity for this exchange, and to commentators Gillian Brown, Steven Fuller, Stefan Linquist, and Erika Milam for their generous and thought-provoking comments. I shall do my best in this space to respond to some of their concerns.
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  16.  8
    Conceptions of Plagiarism and Problems in Academic Writing in a Changing Landscape of External Regulation.Erika Löfström, Elisa Huotari & Pauliina Kupila - 2017 - Journal of Academic Ethics 15 (3):277-292.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the consequences of the use of text-matching software on teachers’ and students’ conceptions of plagiarism and problems in academic writing. An electronic questionnaire included scale items, structured questions, and open-ended questions. The respondents were 85 teachers and 506 students in a large Finnish university. Methods of analysis included exploratory factor analysis, t-test, and inductive content analysis. Both teachers and students reported increased awareness of plagiarism and improvements in writing habits, as well as (...)
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  17.  60
    “Does Plagiarism Mean Anything? LOL.” Students’ Conceptions of Writing and Citing.Erika Löfström - 2011 - Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (4):257-275.
    This study focuses on the intersection of research ethics and academic writing, i.e. the use of sources, assignment of credit to the contributors in the research, and the dissemination of research findings. The study utilized a set of semi-structured and open-ended questions. The sample consisted of 269 undergraduate (BA) and graduate (MA) students at a U.S. university department of psychology including major and non-major students. The data showed that although an overwhelming number of the students’ examples related to ethical issues (...)
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  18.  23
    Ethical Issues in Doctoral Supervision: The Perspectives of PhD Students in the Natural and Behavioral Sciences.Erika Löfström & Kirsi Pyhältö - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (3):195-214.
    Our aim was to identify the ethical issues faced by students in the behavioral and natural sciences during their doctoral programmes. The participants were 28 PhD students who were interviewed about their doctoral study and supervision experiences. We identified a total of 102 ethical issues compromising the principles of nonmaleficence, beneficence, autonomy, justice, or fidelity. There were some differences in emphases, with the students in the behavioral sciences displaying a broader range of ethical compromises than the students in the natural (...)
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  19.  7
    The Benefits of Executive Control Training and the Implications for Language Processing.Erika K. Hussey & Jared M. Novick - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  20.  41
    Interdisciplinarity "in the Making": Modeling Infectious Diseases.Erika Mattila - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (4):531-553.
    : The main contribution of this paper to current philosophical and sociological studies on modeling is to analyze modeling as an object-oriented interdisciplinary activity and thus to bring new insights into the wide, heterogeneous discourse on tools, forms and organization of interdisciplinary research. A detailed analysis of interdisciplinarity in the making of models is presented, focusing on long-standing interdisciplinary collaboration between specialists in infectious diseases, mathematicians and computer scientists. The analysis introduces a novel way of studying the elements of the (...)
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  21.  17
    The Micro Potential for Social Change: Emotion, Consciousness, and Social Movement Formation.Summers-Effler Erika - 2002 - Sociological Theory 20 (1):41-60.
    Can one explain both the resilience of the status quo and the possibility for resistance from a subordinate position? This paper aims to resolve these seemingly incompatible perspectives. By extending Randall Collins's interaction ritual theory, and synthesizing it with Norbert Wiley's model of the self, this paper suggests how the emotional dynamics between people and within the self can explain social inertia as well as the possibility for resistance and change. Diverging from literature on the sociology of emotions that has (...)
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  22.  30
    Returning Incidental Findings From Genetic Research to Children: Views of Parents of Children Affected by Rare Diseases.Erika Kleiderman, Bartha Maria Knoppers, Conrad V. Fernandez, Kym M. Boycott, Gail Ouellette, Durhane Wong-Rieger, Shelin Adam, Julie Richer & Denise Avard - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (10):691-696.
  23.  32
    The Confessionalization of Humanism in Reformation Germany.Erika Rummel - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    This book deals with the impact of the Reformation debate in Germany on the most prominent intellectual movement of the time: humanism Although it is true that humanism influenced the course of the Reformation, says Erika Rummel, the dynamics of the relationship are better described by saying that humanism was co-opted, perhaps even exploited, in the religious debate.
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  24.  56
    The Inherence Heuristic: An Intuitive Means of Making Sense of the World, and a Potential Precursor to Psychological Essentialism.Andrei Cimpian & Erika Salomon - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (5):461-480.
    We propose that human reasoning relies on an inherence heuristic, an implicit cognitive process that leads people to explain observed patterns (e.g., girls wear pink) in terms of the inherent features of their constituents (e.g., pink is an inherently feminine color). We then demonstrate how this proposed heuristic can provide a unified account for a broad set of findings spanning areas of research that might at first appear unrelated (e.g., system justification, nominal realism, is–ought errors in moral reasoning). By revealing (...)
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  25.  12
    Reducing Aversion to Side Effects in Preventive Medical Treatment Decisions.Erika A. Waters, Neil D. Weinstein, Graham A. Colditz & Karen M. Emmons - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 13 (1):11-21.
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  26.  57
    Eco-Evolutionary Feedbacks Drive Niche Differentiation in the Alewife.Erika G. Schielke, Eric P. Palkovacs & David M. Post - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (3):211-219.
    Intraspecific niche variation can differentially impact community processes and can represent the initial stages of adaptive radiation. Here we test for intraspecific differences in niche use in a keystone species, the alewife. To test whether feedbacks between predator foraging traits and prey communities have led to differences in niche use, we compare the diet composition and trophic position of anadromous and landlocked alewife populations. These populations differ in phenotypic traits related to foraging. Trait differences appear to have resulted from eco-evolutionary (...)
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  27. Large-Scale Brain Systems in ADHD: Beyond the Prefrontal–Striatal Model.F. Xavier Castellanos & Erika Proal - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):17-26.
  28.  15
    What Is Public Deliberation?Erika Blacksher, Alice Diebel, Pierre-Gerlier Forest, Susan Dorr Goold & Julia Abelson - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (2):14-16.
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  29.  38
    Detailing Judicial Difference.Erika Rackley - 2009 - Feminist Legal Studies 17 (1):11-26.
    In January 2004 Baroness Brenda Hale became the first woman to sit on the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords. Five years on, she has brought to her judicial role a lightness of touch that belies her increasingly significant impact on the court’s jurisprudence. Early forecasts that she would be “just a bit different” from her male companions have proved prophetic. However such assessments have stemmed primarily from a focus on her decision-making on a case-by-case basis. But what of (...)
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  30.  33
    An Overview of Moral Distress and the Paediatric Intensive Care Team.Austin Wendy, Kelecevic Julija, Goble Erika & Mekechuk Joy - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (1):57-68.
    A summary of the existing literature related to moral distress (MD) and the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) reveals a high-tech, high-pressure environment in which effective teamwork can be compromised by MD arising from different situations related to: consent for treatment, futile care, end-of-life decision making, formal decision-making structures, training and experience by discipline, individual values and attitudes, and power and authority issues. Attempts to resolve MD in PICUs have included the use of administrative tools such as shift worksheets, the (...)
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  31.  6
    Can Contraries Prompt Intuition in Insight Problem Solving?Erika Branchini, Ivana Bianchi, Roberto Burro, Elena Capitani & Ugo Savardi - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  32.  2
    Deliberations with American Indian and Alaska Native People About the Ethics of Genomics: An Adapted Model of Deliberation Used with Three Tribal Communities in the United States.Erika Blacksher, Vanessa Y. Hiratsuka, Jessica W. Blanchard, Justin R. Lund, Justin Reedy, Julie A. Beans, Bobby Saunkeah, Micheal Peercy, Christie Byars, Joseph Yracheta, Krystal S. Tsosie, Marcia O’Leary, Guthrie Ducheneaux & Paul G. Spicer - 2021 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12 (3):164-178.
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  33.  37
    Students' Ethical Awareness and Conceptions of Research Ethics.Erika Löfström - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (5):349 - 361.
    The study focused on university students' understanding and conceptions of ethical issues in research. Domain-specific and domain-transcending measures were developed to gauge the students' awareness of ethical issues. Responses were obtained from 269 undergraduate and graduate students at a U.S. regional university. Participant withdrawal, the debriefing of research participants, the dissemination of findings, and giving credit to co-contributors were the most challenging ethical issues for the students. Ethical awareness was predicted by professional and organizational socialization, and perspective taking. Contextualization greatly (...)
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  34.  14
    Genetically Enhanced Minors: Whose Responsibility?Erika Kleiderman, Audrey Boily & Bartha Maria Knoppers - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):1-3.
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  35.  13
    Working Memory Training for Healthy Older Adults: The Role of Individual Characteristics in Explaining Short- and Long-Term Gains.Erika Borella, Elena Carbone, Massimiliano Pastore, Rossana De Beni & Barbara Carretti - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  36.  10
    Une christologie de la Gestalt eschatologique.Vincent Holzer - 2010 - Recherches de Science Religieuse 98 (4):543-558.
    Ainsi que le soulignait H. Duméry, le miracle ne doit pas lâcher la « topique théologique»s’il ne veut pas«s’égarer sur un terrain de fausse science ». Le genre « évangile » intègre certes la thaumaturgie, mais il intègre aussi son motif correcteur et son « thème compensateur », dont le « croire sans voir » « agit comme réducteur de toute adhésion sur preuves, de toute foi sur constats ». Meier semble négliger cette contre-épreuve, pourtant instructive et probablement décisive quant (...)
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  37.  18
    Desperately Seeking Difference.Erika Blacksher - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (1):11-16.
    Critics from a variety of camps have argued that bioethics has suffered an indifference to Cases have been described as thin and the selves inhabiting them hollow. This criticism has been driven at least in part by a reworked conception of the self. The rational and autonomous self that once dominated bioethics discourse has been replaced with a more self, a self embedded in stories, relationships, families, communities, cultures, and other particularitythese differences—matter. They matter because they figure importantly into our (...)
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  38.  5
    Control Beliefs Can Predict the Ability to Up-Regulate Sensorimotor Rhythm During Neurofeedback Training.Matthias Witte, Silvia Erika Kober, Manuel Ninaus, Christa Neuper & Guilherme Wood - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  39.  18
    Innovative Practice in Latin America: Medical Tourism and the Crowding Out of Research.Felicitas Holzer & Ignacio Mastroleo - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):42-44.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page 42-44.
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  40.  6
    Climate Change Helplessness and the Moralization of Individual Energy Behavior.Erika Salomon, Jesse L. Preston & Melanie B. Tannenbaum - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 23 (1):15-28.
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  41.  26
    Broken Barriers: Human‐Induced Changes to Gene Flow and Introgression in Animals.Erika Crispo, Jean-Sébastien Moore, Julie A. Lee-Yaw, Suzanne M. Gray & Benjamin C. Haller - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (7):508-518.
  42.  36
    Redistribution and Recognition.Erika Blacksher - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (3):320-331.
  43.  89
    On Being Poor and Feeling Poor: Low Socioeconomic Status and the Moral Self.Erika Blacksher - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (6):455-470.
    Persons of low socioeconomic status generallyexperience worse health and shorter lives thantheir better off counterparts. They alsosuffer a greater incidence of adversepsychosocial characteristics, such as lowself-esteem, self-efficacy, and self-masteryand increased cynicism and hostility. Thesepopulation data suggest another category ofharm to persons: diminished moral agency. Chronic socioeconomic deprivation can createenvironments that undermine the development ofself and capacities constitutive to moralagency – i.e., the capacity forself-determination and crafting a life of one''sown. The harm affects not only the choicesa person makes, but the (...)
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  44.  26
    Beyond ‘Revenge Porn’: The Continuum of Image-Based Sexual Abuse.Clare McGlynn, Erika Rackley & Ruth Houghton - 2017 - Feminist Legal Studies 25 (1):25-46.
    In the last few years, many countries have introduced laws combating the phenomenon colloquially known as ‘revenge porn’. While new laws criminalising this practice represent a positive step forwards, the legislative response has been piecemeal and typically focuses only on the practices of vengeful ex-partners. Drawing on Liz Kelly’s pioneering work, we suggest that ‘revenge porn’ should be understood as just one form of a range of gendered, sexualised forms of abuse which have common characteristics, forming what we are conceptualising (...)
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  45.  16
    Contraries as an Effective Strategy in Geometrical Problem Solving.Erika Branchini, Roberto Burro, Ivana Bianchi & Ugo Savardi - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (4):397-430.
    A focused review of the literature on reasoning suggests that mechanisms based upon contraries are of fundamental importance in various abilities. At the same time, the importance of contraries in the human perceptual experience of space has been recently demonstrated in experimental studies. Solving geometry problems represents an interesting case as both reasoning abilities and the manipulation of perceptual–figural aspects are involved.In this study we focus on perceptual changes in geometrical problem solving processes in order to understand whether a mental (...)
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  46.  12
    Influence of Luminance on Hemispheric Processing.Justine Sergent & Barbara A. Holzer - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (4):221-223.
  47.  59
    Healthcare Disparities: The Salience of Social Class.Erika Blacksher - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (2):143-153.
    Empirical evidence demonstrates that minority and marginalized populations receive less and lower quality healthcare than more advantaged groups. Ethical analyses of these disparities explain their injustice. That disparities exist and constitute a moral wrong are uncontroversial views. Less clear are the exact causes of healthcare disparities.
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  48.  24
    Suffering and Healing, Subordination and Power: Women and Possession Trance.Erika Bourguignon - 2004 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 32 (4):557-574.
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  49.  34
    Multiple Personality, Possession Trance, and the Psychic Unity of Mankind.Erika Bourguignon - 1989 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 17 (3):371-384.
  50.  63
    Children's Health Inequalities: Ethical and Political Challenges to Seeking Social Justice.Erika Blacksher - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (4):pp. 28-35.
    Childhood obesity may have severe long-term consequences for health—indeed, for the overall course of a person's life. Do these harms amount to a problem of social justice? And if so, what should be done about it? Parents are usually granted considerable leeway to make decisions that affect their children's health. Social and moral theory has often overlooked the family, however, leaving us with an inadequate understanding of parental autonomy and of how social policy may influence it.
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