Results for 'Essentialism (Philosophy'

691 found
Order:
  1.  50
    The Philosophy of Nature: A Guide to the New Essentialism.Brian Ellis - 2002 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    For many years essentialism was considered beyond the pale in philosophy, a relic of discredited Aristotelianism. This is no longer so. Kripke and Putnam have made belief in essential natures respectable once more. Harré and Madden have argued against Hume's theory of causation and developed an alternative theory based on the assumption that there are genuine causal powers in nature. Dretske, Tooley, Armstrong, Swoyer, and Carroll have all developed strong alternatives to Hume's theory of the laws of nature. And (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  2.  9
    Aesthetics of Qi: Building on the Internalist-Essentialist Philosophy of Art.Nicholas S. Brasovan - 2015 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (1):75-93.
    A work of art is an intentional transformation of qi 氣 into a dynamic structure. The philosophy of qi is presented here as a means to develop the aesthetic theories of Richard Wollheim and Eliot Deutsch. Both Wollheim and Deutsch present their arguments, in part, as rejections of George Dickie’s “New Institutional Theory of Art.” I develop a robust qi aesthetic drawn from traditional sources and their contemporary commentaries as a way of joining the debate between Dickie and Wollheim/Deutsch, taking (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  95
    Why Water is Not H2O, and Other Critiques of Essentialist Ontology From the Philosophy of Chemistry.Holly VandeWall - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):906-919.
    Ellis argues that certain essential properties of objects in the world not only determine the nature of these objects but also how they will behave in any situation. In this paper I will critique Ellis's essentialism from the perspective of the philosophy of chemistry, arguing that our current knowledge of chemistry in fact does not lend itself to essentialist interpretations and that this seriously undercuts Ellis's project. In particular I will criticize two key distinctions Ellis draws between internal vs. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  4.  29
    Essentialism and Historicism in Danto's Philosophy of Art.Michael Kelly - 1998 - History and Theory 37 (4):30–43.
    Arthur C. Danto has long defended essentialism in the philosophy of art, yet he has been interpreted by many as a historicist. This essentialism/historicism conflict in the interpretation of his work reflects the same conflict both within his thought and, more importantly, within modern art itself. Danto's strategy for resolving this conflict involves, among other things, a Bildungsroman of modern art failing to discover its essence, an essentialist definition of art provided by philosophy which is indemnified against history, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  5. The Philosophy of Nature: A Guide to the New Essentialism.Brian Ellis - 2014 - Routledge.
    In "The Philosophy of Nature," Brian Ellis provides a clear and forthright general summation of, and introduction to, the new essentialist position. Although the theory that the laws of nature are immanent in things, rather than imposed on them from without, is an ancient one, much recent work has been done to revive interest in essentialism and "The Philosophy of Nature" is a distinctive contribution to this lively current debate. Brian Ellis exposes the philosophical and scientific credentials of the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Political Philosophy and Ideology a Critique of Political Essentialism.H. P. Mcdonald - 1997
    This book is conceived as part of a systematic philosophy of values. Neither philosophies of value nor systematic philosophies are in fashion. It is hoped that this work will make a contribution toward their reappraisal. Classically, political philosophy was considered a part of philosophic systems, as the basic ideas of the philosophy applied to politics. Its relative neglect by the predominant school of philosophy in America and Britain has meant that certain ideas and issues in philosophy are in danger of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Essentialism and Anti-Essentialism in Feminist Philosophy.Alison Stone - 2004 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 1 (2):135-153.
    This article revisits the ethical and political questions raised by feminist debates over essentialism, the belief that there are properties essential to women and which all women share. Feminists’ widespread rejection of essentialism has threatened to undermine feminist politics. Re-evaluating two responses to this problem—‘strategic’ essentialism and Iris Marion Young’s idea that women are an internally diverse ‘series’—I argue that both unsatisfactorily retain essentialism as a descriptive claim about the social reality of women’s lives. I argue (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  8. Essentialism a New Approach to a One-World Philosophy.Frederick Mayer - 1950 - Hampton Hall Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  35
    Anti‐Essentialism in Practice: Carol Gilligan and Feminist Philosophy.Cressida J. Heyes - 1997 - Hypatia 12 (3):142-163.
    Third wave anti-essentialist critique has too often been used to dismiss second wave feminist projects. I examine claims that Carol Gilligan's work is "essentialist," and argue that her recent research requires this criticism be rethought. Anti-essentialist feminist method should consist in attention to the relations of power that construct accounts of gendered identity in the course of different forms of empirical enquiry, not in rejecting any general claim about women or girls.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  10. Brian Ellis, The Philosophy of Nature: A Guide to the New Essentialism[REVIEW]Slobodan Perovic - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (2):95-97.
  11.  2
    Names, Actualities, and The Emergence of Essentialist Theories of Naming in Classical Chinese Thought By John Makeham Philosophy East & West V. 41 No. 3 (July, 1991). [REVIEW]A. Canon - 1991 - Philosophy East and West 41 (3):341-363.
  12.  1
    Toward a Theoretical Foundation for the History of Chinese Political Philosophy Beyond Cultural Essentialism and Its Critique.Youngmin Kim - 2013 - Philosophy Today 57 (2):204.
  13. Natural Kind Essentialism Revisited.Tuomas E. Tahko - 2015 - Mind 124 (495):795-822.
    Recent work on Natural Kind Essentialism has taken a deflationary turn. The assumptions about the grounds of essentialist truths concerning natural kinds familiar from the Kripke-Putnam framework are now considered questionable. The source of the problem, however, has not been sufficiently explicated. The paper focuses on the Twin Earth scenario, and it will be demonstrated that the essentialist principle at its core (which I call IDENT)—that necessarily, a sample of a chemical substance, A, is of the same kind as (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  14.  4
    Phenomenology: Between Essentialism and Transcendental Philosophy.J. N. Mohanty - 1997 - Northwestern University Press.
    The accessibility of these essays, coupled with Mohanty's consideration of lesser-known phenomenologists (Ingarden, Scheler, Hartmann, et. al.) mark this as a major updating of phenomenology for a contemporary audience.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  15.  96
    Review: Ellis, Scientific Essentialism; The Philosophy of Nature. [REVIEW]Helen Beebee - 2004 - Mind 113 (450).
  16. Four Entries (”Essentialism”, “Grammar”, “Logic: Modal”, “Possibility”) in American Philosophy: An Encyclopedia.Takashi Yagisawa - manuscript
    J. Lachs & R. Talisse (eds.), (London: Routledge).
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  7
    A Critique of the Essentialist Approach to the Issue of ‘Filipino Philosophy’ From the Perspective of the Mature Philosophy of Wittgenstein.April Capili, U661, & - unknown
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  3
    Do Philosophy and Sociology Mix? A Non-Essentialist Socio-Legal Positivist Analysis of the Concept of Law.K. E. Himma - 2004 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 24 (4):717-738.
  19. 8 Jens Ravnkilde.Howtoget Essentialism - 1975 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 12:8.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. Essentialism and Experimentation in the Natural-Philosophy of Locke, John.N. Sanchezdura - 1988 - Pensamiento 44 (174):189-209.
  21. Methodological Essentialism: Comments on 'Philosophy, Sex, and Feminism' by de Sousa and Morgan.Alison Wylie - 1988 - Atlantis 13 (2).
  22.  51
    Cartesian Metaphysics: The Late Scholastic Origins of Modern Philosophy.Jorge Secada - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first book-length study of Descartes's metaphysics to place it in its immediate historical context, the Late Scholastic philosophy of thinkers such as Suárez against which Descartes reacted. Jorge Secada views Cartesian philosophy as an 'essentialist' reply to the 'existentialism' of the School, and his discussion includes careful analyses and original interpretations of such central Cartesian themes as the role of scepticism, intentionality and the doctrine of the material falsity of ideas, universals and the relation between sense and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  23.  50
    From a Biological Point of View: Essays in Evolutionary Philosophy.Elliott Sober - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    Elliott Sober is one of the leading philosophers of science and is a former winner of the Lakatos Prize, the major award in the field. This new collection of essays will appeal to a readership that extends well beyond the frontiers of the philosophy of science. Sober shows how ideas in evolutionary biology bear in significant ways on traditional problems in philosophy of mind and language, epistemology, and metaphysics. Amongst the topics addressed are psychological egoism, solipsism, and the interpretation of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. Aristotelian Essentialism: Essence in the Age of Evolution.Christopher J. Austin - forthcoming - Synthese:1-18.
    The advent of contemporary evolutionary theory ushered in the eventual decline of Aristotelian Essentialism (Æ) – for it is widely assumed that essence does not, and cannot have any proper place in the age of evolution. This paper argues that this assumption is a mistake: if Æ can be suitably evolved, it need not face extinction. In it, I claim that if that theory’s fundamental ontology consists of dispositional properties, and if its characteristic metaphysical machinery is interpreted within the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Real Essentialism.David S. Oderberg - 2007 - Routledge.
    _Real Essentialism_ presents a comprehensive defence of neo-Aristotelian essentialism. Do objects have essences? Must they be the kinds of things they are in spite of the changes they undergo? Can we know what things are really like – can we define and classify reality? Many, if not most, philosophers doubt this, influenced by centuries of empiricism, and by the anti-essentialism of Wittgenstein, Quine, Popper, and other thinkers. _Real Essentialism_ reinvigorates the tradition of realist, essentialist metaphysics, defending the reality (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  26. Feminist Philosophy of Science: Standpoint Matters.Alison Wylie - 2012 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophy Association 86 (2):47-76.
    Standpoint theory is an explicitly political as well as social epistemology. Its central insight is that epistemic advantage may accrue to those who are oppressed by structures of domination and discounted as knowers. Feminist standpoint theorists hold that gender is one dimension of social differentiation that can make such a difference. In response to two longstanding objections I argue that epistemically consequential standpoints need not be conceptualized in essentialist terms, and that they do not confer automatic or comprehensive epistemic privilege (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. Scientific Essentialism.Brian Ellis - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Scientific Essentialism defends the view that the fundamental laws of nature depend on the essential properties of the things on which they are said to operate, and are therefore not independent of them. These laws are not imposed upon the world by God, the forces of nature or anything else, but rather are immanent in the world. Ellis argues that ours is a dynamic world consisting of more or less transient objects which are constantly interacting with each other, and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  28.  35
    Ernst Mayr's Influence on the History and Philosophy of Biology: A Personal Memoir. [REVIEW]David L. Hull - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (3):375-386.
    Mayr has made both conceptual and professional contributions to the establishment of the history and philosophy of biology. His conceptual contributions include, among many others, the notion of population thinking. He has also played an important role in the establishment of history and philosophy of biology as viable professional disciplines.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  29. Against Essentialism: Toward Language Awareness.Karol Janicki - 1999 - Lincom Europa.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Kinship Past, Kinship Present: Bio-Essentialism in the Study of Kinship.Robert A. Wilson - 2016 - American Anthropologist 118 (3).
    In this article, I reconsider bio-essentialism in the study of kinship, centering on David Schneider’s influential critique that concluded that kinship was “a non-subject” (1972:51). Schneider’s critique is often taken to have shown the limitations of and problems with past views of kinship based on biology, genealogy, and reproduction, a critique that subsequently led those reworking kinship as relatedness in the new kinship studies to view their enterprise as divorced from such bio-essentialist studies. Beginning with an alternative narrative connecting (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Scientific Essentialism in the Light of Classification Practice in Biology – a Case Study of Phytosociology.Adam P. Kubiak & Rafał R. Wodzisz - 2012 - Zagadnienia Naukoznawstwa 4:231-250.
    In our paper we investigate a difficulty arising when one tries to reconsiliateessentialis t’s thinking with classification practice in the biological sciences. The article outlinessome varieties of essentialism with particular attention to the version defended by Brian Ellis. Weunderline the basic difference: Ellis thinks that essentialism is not a viable position in biology dueto its incompatibility with biological typology and other essentialists think that these two elementscan be reconciled. However, both parties have in common metaphysical starting point and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. Experimental Philosophy of Language.Nathaniel Hansen - 2015 - Oxford Handbooks Online.
    Experimental philosophy of language uses experimental methods developed in the cognitive sciences to investigate topics of interest to philosophers of language. This article describes the methodological background for the development of experimental approaches to topics in philosophy of language, distinguishes negative and positive projects in experimental philosophy of language, and evaluates experimental work on the reference of proper names and natural kind terms. The reliability of expert judgments vs. the judgments of ordinary speakers, the role that ambiguity plays in influencing (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  63
    Sameness and Substance Renewed.David Wiggins - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance, David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. The Nature of Necessity.Alvin Plantinga - 1974 - Clarendon Press.
    This book, one of the first full-length studies of the modalities to emerge from the debate to which Saul Kripke, David Lewis, Ruth Marcus, and others are contributing, is an exploration and defense of the notion of modality de re, the idea that objects have both essential and accidental properties. Plantinga develops his argument by means of the notion of possible worlds and ranges over such key problems as the nature of essence, transworld identity, negative existential propositions, and the existence (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   243 citations  
  35.  86
    Reference and Essence.Nathan U. Salmon - 1981 - Prometheus Books.
  36. Essentialism in Biology.John S. Wilkins - manuscript
    Essentialism in philosophy is the position that things, especially kinds of things, have essences, or sets of properties, that all members of the kind must have, and the combination of which only members of the kind do, in fact, have. It is usually thought to derive from classical Greek philosophy and in particular from Aristotle’s notion of “what it is to be” something. In biology, it has been claimed that pre-evolutionary views of living kinds, or as they are sometimes (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. How Scientific Is Scientific Essentialism?Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 2009 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (1):85-101.
    Scientific essentialism holds that: (1) each scientific kind is associated with the same set of properties in every possible world; and (2) every individual member of a scientific kind belongs to that kind in every possible world in which it exists. Recently, Ellis (Scientific essentialism, 2001 ; The philosophy of nature 2002 ) has provided the most sustained defense of scientific essentialism, though he does not clearly distinguish these two claims. In this paper, I argue that both (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  10
    Otherwise Than Being: Or, Beyond Essence.Emmanuel Levinas - 1981 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    A sequel to Levinas' Totality and Infinity.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   111 citations  
  39. Three Ways of Resisting Essentialism About Natural Kinds.Bence Nanay - 2011 - In J. K. Campbell & M. H. Slater (eds.), Carving Nature at its Joints. Topics in Contemporary Philosophy, Vol. 8. MIT Press. pp. 175--97.
    Essentialism about natural kinds has three tenets. The first tenet is that all and only members of a natural kind has some essential properties. The second tenet is that these essential properties play a causal role. The third tenet is that they are explanatorily relevant. I examine the prospects of questioning these tenets and point out that arguing against the first and the second tenets of kind-essentialism would involve taking parts in some of the grand debates of philosophy. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  40. Modality and Anti-Metaphysics.Stephen K. McLeod - 2001 - Ashgate.
    Modality and Anti-Metaphysics critically examines the most prominent approaches to modality among analytic philosophers in the twentieth century, including essentialism. Defending both the project of metaphysics and the essentialist position that metaphysical modality is conceptually and ontologically primitive, Stephen McLeod argues that the logical positivists did not succeed in banishing metaphysical modality from their own theoretical apparatus and he offers an original defence of metaphysics against their advocacy of its elimination. -/- Seeking to assuage the sceptical worries which underlie (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  41. Looking to Charles Taylor and Joseph Rouse for Best Practices in Science and Religion.Matthew Walhout - 2010 - Zygon 45 (3):558-574.
    People discussing science and religion usually frame their conversations in terms of essentialist assumptions about science, assumptions requiring the existence (but not the specification) of criteria according to which science can be distinguished from other forms of inquiry. However, criteria functioning at a level of generality appropriate to such discussions may not exist at all. Essentialist assumptions may be avoided if science is understood within a broader context of human practices. In a philosophy of practices, to label a practice as (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  20
    Global Agenda for Teaching Philosophy.Margaret Chatterjee - 1999 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 3:165-171.
    Critiques of the ‘global’ have, in recent years, concerned the alleged implication of cultural dominance and secondly—and more philosophically—discerned therein foundationalism/essentialism. These charges will be examined. I next turn to the bearing of organizational/faculty matters on our theme, drawing on teaching experience in more than one country. The relocation of philosophy cannot but raise questions about how the subject itself is conceived. In the final section I suggest that the original humanist import of philosophical studies needs recovery, with ‘globality’ (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  20
    A (Post)Foundational Approach to the Philosophy of Science: Part II. [REVIEW]Dimitri Ginev - 2007 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (1):57 - 74.
    This is a sequel to my paper, "Searching for a (Post)Foundational Approach to Philosophy of Science", which appeared in an earlier issue of this Journal [Ginev 2001, Journal for General Philosophy of science 32, 27-37]. In the present paper I continue to scrutinize the possibility of a strong hermeneutics of scientific research. My aim is to defend the position of cognitive existentialism that combines the advocacy of science's cognitive specificity and the rejection of any form of essentialism. A special (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties.Penelope Mackie - 2006 - Published in the United States by Oxford University Press.
    Penelope Mackie's book is a novel treatment of an issue central to much current work in metaphysics: the distinction between the essential and accidental properties of individuals. Mackie challenges widely held views, and arrives at what she calls "minimalist essentialism," an unorthodox theory according to which ordinary individuals have relatively few interesting essential properties. Mackie's clear and accessible discussions of issues surrounding necessity and essentialism mean that the book will appeal as much to graduate students as it will (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   20 citations  
  45.  29
    Sameness and Substance.David Wiggins - 1980 - Harvard University Press.
  46. When Traditional Essentialism Fails.Robert A. Wilson, Matthew J. Barker & Ingo Brigandt - 2007 - Philosophical Topics 35 (1-2):189-215.
    Essentialism is widely regarded as a mistaken view of biological kinds, such as species. After recounting why (sections 2-3), we provide a brief survey of the chief responses to the “death of essentialism” in the philosophy of biology (section 4). We then develop one of these responses, the claim that biological kinds are homeostatic property clusters (sections 5-6) illustrating this view with several novel examples (section 7). Although this view was first expressed 20 years ago, and has received (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   22 citations  
  47. Otherwise Than Being, or, Beyond Essence.Emmanuel Lévinas - 1974 - Duquesne University Press.
  48. The Philosophical Limits of Scientific Essentialism.George Bealer - 1987 - Philosophical Perspectives 1:289-365.
    Scientific essentialism is the view that some necessities can be known only with the aid of empirical science. The thesis of the paper is that scientific essentialism does not extend to the central questions of philosophy and that these questions can be answered a priori. The argument is that the evidence required for the defense of scientific essentialism is reliable only if the intuitions required by philosophy to answer its central questions is also reliable. Included is an (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   31 citations  
  49.  70
    Aristotle on Meaning and Essence.David Charles - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    David Charles presents a major new study of Aristotle's views on meaning, essence, necessity, and related topics. These interconnected views are central to Aristotle's metaphysics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of science, and are also highly relevant to current philosophical debates. Charles aims to reach a clear understanding of Aristotle's claims and arguments, to assess their truth, and to evaluate their importance to ancient and modern philosophy.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  50.  39
    Ontology, Modality, and the Fallacy of Reference.Michael Jubien - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a book about the concept of a physical thing and about how the names of things relate to the things they name. It questions the prevalent view that names 'refer to' or 'denote' the things they name. Instead it presents a new theory of proper names, according to which names express certain special properties that the things they name exhibit. This theory leads to some important conclusions about whether things have any of their properties as a matter of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
1 — 50 / 691