Results for 'Future Contingents'

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  1. Future Contingents Are All False! On Behalf of a Russellian Open Future.Patrick Todd - 2016 - Mind 125 (499):775-798.
    There is a familiar debate between Russell and Strawson concerning bivalence and ‘the present King of France’. According to the Strawsonian view, ‘The present King of France is bald’ is neither true nor false, whereas, on the Russellian view, that proposition is simply false. In this paper, I develop what I take to be a crucial connection between this debate and a different domain where bivalence has been at stake: future contingents. On the familiar ‘Aristotelian’ view, future (...)
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  2. Knowing Future Contingents.Ezio Di Nucci - 2012 - Logos and Episteme 3 (1):43-50.
    This paper argues that we know the future by applying a recent solution of the problem of future contingents to knowledge attributions about the future. MacFarlane has put forward a version of assessment-context relativism that enables us to assign a truth value 'true' (or 'false') to future contingents such as There Will Be A Sea Battle Tomorrow. Here I argue that the same solution can be applied to knowledge attributions about the future by (...)
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    Bourne on Future Contingents and Three-Valued Logic.Daisuke Kachi - 2009 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (1):33-43.
    Recently, Bourne constructed a system of three-valued logic that he supposed to replace Łukasiewicz’s three-valued logic in view of the problems of future contingents. In this paper, I will show first that Bourne’s system makes no improvement to Łukasiewicz’s system. However, finding some good motivations and lessons in his attempt, next I will suggest a better way of achieving his original goal in some sense. The crucial part of my way lies in reconsidering the significance of the intermediate (...)
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    Partial and Paraconsistent Approaches to Future Contingents in Tense Logic.Seiki Akama, Tetsuya Murai & Yasuo Kudo - forthcoming - Synthese:1-11.
    The problem of future contingents is regarded as an important philosophical problem in connection with determinism and it should be treated by tense logic. Prior’s early work focused on the problem, and later Prior studied branching-time tense logic which was invented by Kripke. However, Prior’s idea to use three-valued logic for the problem seems to be still alive. In this paper, we consider partial and paraconsistent approaches to the problem of future contingents. These approaches theoretically meet (...)
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    Future Contingents and Aristotle's Fantasy (Los futuros contingentes y la fantasía de Aristóteles).Andrea Iacona - 2007 - Critica 39 (117):45 - 60.
    This paper deals with the problem of future contingents, and focuses on two classical logical principles, excluded middle and bivalence. One may think that different attitudes are to be adopted towards these two principles in order to solve the problem. According to what seems to be a widely held hypothesis, excluded middle must be accepted while bivalence must be rejected. The paper goes against that line of thought. In the first place, it shows how the rejection of bivalence (...)
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  6.  24
    The Abundance of the Future. A Paraconsistent Approach to Future Contingents.Roberto Ciuni & Carlo Proietti - 2013 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 22 (1):21-43.
    Supervaluationism holds that the future is undetermined, and as a consequence of this, statements about the future may be neither true nor false. In the present paper, we explore the novel and quite different view that the future is abundant: statements about the future do not lack truth-value, but may instead be glutty, that is both true and false. We will show that (1) the logic resulting from this “abundance of the future” is a non-adjunctive (...)
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  7. Seeing the Future Clearly Questions on Future Contingents.Robertus Holkot, Paul A. Streveler, Katherine H. Tachau & Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies - 1995
     
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  8.  40
    Future Contingents, Indeterminacy and Context.Paula Sweeney - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (2):408-422.
    In Facing the Future, Belnap et al. reject bivalence and propose double time reference semantics to give a pragmatic response to the following assertion problem: how can we make sense of assertions about future events made at a time when the outcomes of those events are not yet determined? John MacFarlane employs the same semantics, now bolstered with a relative-truth predicate, to accommodate the following apparently conflicting intuitions regarding the truth-value of an uttered future contingent: at the (...)
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  9. Future Contingents and the Battle Tomorrow.Michael Perloff & Nuel Belnap - 2011 - Review of Metaphysics 64 (3):581-602.
    Using Aristotle's well-known sea battle as our example, we offer a precise, intelligible analysis of future contingent assertions in the presence of indeterminism. After explaining our view of the problem, we present a picture of indeterminism in the context of a tree ofbranching histories. There follows a brief description ofthe semantic bases for our double-time-reference theory of future contingents. We then set out our account. Before concluding, we discuss some ramifications of, and alternatives to, a double-time-reference approach (...)
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  10.  60
    Three-Valued Temporal Logic Q T and Future Contingents.Seiki Akama, Yasunori Nagata & Chikatoshi Yamada - 2008 - Studia Logica 88 (2):215-231.
    Prior's three-valued modal logic Q was developed as a philosophically interesting modal logic. Thus, we should be able to modify Q as a temporal logic. Although a temporal version of Q was suggested by Prior, the subject has not been fully explored in the literature. In this paper, we develop a three-valued temporal logic $Q_t $ and give its axiomatization and semantics. We also argue that $Q_t $ provides a smooth solution to the problem of future contingents.
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  11. Future Contingents and Relative Truth.John MacFarlane - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (212):321–336.
    If it is not now determined whether there will be a sea battle tomorrow, can an assertion that there will be one be true? The problem has persisted because there are compelling arguments on both sides. If there are objectively possible futures which would make the prediction true and others which would make it false, symmetry considerations seem to forbid counting it either true or false. Yet if we think about how we would assess the prediction tomorrow, when a sea (...)
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  12.  97
    The Arabic Sea Battle: Al-Fārābī on the Problem of Future Contingents.Peter Adamson - 2006 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 88 (2):163-188.
    Ancient commentators like Ammonius and Boethius tried to solve Aristotle's “sea battle argument” in On Interpretation 9 by saying that statements about future contingents are “indefinitely” true or false. They were followed by al-Fārābī in his commentary on On Interpretation. The article sets out two possible interpretations of what “indefinitely” means here, and shows that al-Fārābī actually has both conceptions: one applied in his interpretation of Aristotle, and another that he is forced into by the problem of divine (...)
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  13.  1
    A Note on Assertion, Relativism and Future Contingents.J. Adam Carter - 2012 - Logos and Episteme 3 (1):139-144.
    I argue that John MacFarlane's attempt to reconcile his proposed truthrelativist account of future contingents with a plausible account of assertion is self-defeating. Specifically, a paradoxical result of MacFarlane's view is that assertions of future contingents are impermissible for anyone who already accepts MacFarlane's own truth-relativist account of future contingents.
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  14.  26
    Boethius on Modality and Future Contingents.Jonathan Evans - 2004 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 78 (2):247-271.
    In The Consolation of Philosophy Boethius addresses two main problems posed by the problem of future contingents that shed important light on his conception of necessity and possibility: (1) a logical problem that alleges that if propositions about the future are true now then they are necessarily true, and (2) a theological problem that centers on a supposed incompatibility between divine foreknowledge and a contingent future. In contrast to established readings of the Consolation, I argue that (...)
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  15.  7
    The Boethian Solution to the Problem of Future Contingents and its Unorthodox Rivals.Jonathan Roger Evans - 2001 - Dissertation, The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
    One concern bothering ancient and medieval philosophers is the logical worry discussed in Aristotle's De Interpretatione 9, that if future contingent propositions are true, then they are settled in a way that is incompatible with freedom. Another is if we grant God foreknowledge of future contingent events then God's foreknowledge will determine those events in a way precluding freedom. ;I begin by discussing the standard compatibilist solution to these problems as represented in Boethius's Consolation of Philosophy and then (...)
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  16. Medieval Commentators on Future Contingents in De Interpretatione.Simo Knuuttila - 2010 - Vivarium 48 (1-2):75-95.
    This article considers three medieval approaches to the problem of future contingent propositions in chapter 9 of Aristotle's De Interpretatione . While Boethius assumed that God's atemporal knowledge infallibly pertains to historical events, he was inclined to believe that Aristotle correctly taught that future contingent propositions are not antecedently true or false, even though they may be characterized as true-or-false. Aquinas also tried to combine the allegedly Aristotelian view of the disjunctive truth-value of future contingent propositions with (...)
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  17.  9
    The Abundance of the Future: A Paraconsistent Approach to Future Contingents.Carlo Proietti & Roberto Ciuni - 2013 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 22 (1):21-43.
    Supervaluationism holds that the future is undetermined, and as a consequence of this, statements about the future may be neither true nor false. In the present paper, we explore the novel and quite different view that the future is abundant: statements about the future do not lack truth-value, but may instead be glutty, that is both true and false. We will show that the logic resulting from this “abundance of the future” is a non-adjunctive paraconsistent (...)
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  18. Medieval Commentators on Future Contingents in De Interpretatione 9.Simo Knuuttila - 2010 - Vivarium 48 (1):75-95.
    This article considers three medieval approaches to the problem of future contingent propositions in chapter 9 of Aristotle's _De interpretatione_. While Boethius assumed that God's atemporal knowledge infallibly pertains to historical events, he was inclined to believe that Aristotle correctly taught that future contingent propositions are not antecedently true or false, even though they may be characterized as true-or-false. Aquinas also tried to combine the allegedly Aristotelian view of the disjunctive truth-value of future contingent propositions with the (...)
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  19.  36
    Future Contingents.Peter Øhrstrøm & Per Hasle - 2011 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  20. Future Contingents, Non-Contradiction, and the Law of Excluded Middle Muddle.Craig Bourne - 2004 - Analysis 64 (2):122–128.
  21. A Three-Valued Temporal Logic for Future Contingents.Seiki Akama, Yasunori Nagata & Chikatoshi Yamada - 2007 - Logique Et Analyse 198:99-111.
     
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  22.  29
    Future Contingents and Deflated Truthvalue Gaps.Martin M. Tweedale - 2004 - Noûs 38 (2):233–265.
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  23.  42
    Three-Valued Logic and Future Contingents.A. N. Prior - 1953 - Philosophical Quarterly 3 (13):317-326.
  24.  97
    Leibniz on Divine Foreknowledge of Future Contingents and Human Freedom.Michael J. Murray - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1):75-108.
  25.  92
    The Once and Future Sea Fight: Aristotle's Discussion of Future Contingents in de Interpretatione IX.Jaakko Hintikka - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (4):461-492.
  26.  6
    Future Contingents, Non-Contradiction, and the Law of Excluded Middle Muddle.C. Bourne - 2004 - Analysis 64 (2):122-128.
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  27. Review: Jaakko Hintikka, The Once and Future Sea Fight: Aristotle's Discussion of Future Contingents in de Interpretatione Ix. [REVIEW]Ronald J. Butler - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):402-403.
     
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  28.  59
    Petrus Aureoli and His Contemporaries on Future Contingents and Excluded Middle.Calvin G. Normore - 1993 - Synthese 96 (1):83 - 92.
  29.  40
    The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents From Aristotle to Suarez.Scott Davis - 1994 - Ancient Philosophy 14 (1):234-241.
  30.  1
    Leibniz on Divine Foreknowledge of Future Contingents and Human Freedom.Michael J. Murray - 1992 - The Leibniz Review 2:18-19.
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  31.  4
    The Quarrel Over Future Contingents.Leonard A. Kennedy, Leon Baudry & Rita Guerlac - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (168):399.
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  32.  26
    Counterfactuals of Freedom, Future Contingents, and the Grounding Objection to Middle Knowledge.W. Matthews Grant - 2000 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 74:307-323.
  33.  27
    The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents From Aristotle to Suarez.Christopher Kirwan - 1992 - International Studies in Philosophy 24 (3):135-136.
  34.  40
    Predestination, Foreknowledge, and Future Contingents.William Ockham - 1983 - Indianapolis: Hackett.
    INTRODUCTION OCKHAM'S LIFE AND THE DATE OF THE TREATISE William Ockham, a highly influential philosopher of the fourteenth century and one of the most ...
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  35.  33
    Predestination, God's Foreknowledge, and Future Contingents. William - 1983 - Hackett Pub Co.
  36.  28
    Divine Omiscience and Future Contingents in Gersonides.Tamar Rudavsky - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (4):513-536.
  37.  14
    John Duns Scotus on God's Foreknowledge and Future Contingents.William Lane Craig - 1987 - Franciscan Studies 47 (1):98-122.
  38.  8
    Seeing the Future Clearly: Questions on Future Contingents by Robert Holcot. [REVIEW]John Boler - 1997 - Speculum 72 (3):834-836.
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  39. Leon Baudry, The Quarrel Over Future Contingents (Louvain 1465-1475) Reviewed By.Richard Bosley - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (3):152-156.
     
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  40.  9
    William Ockham. Predestination, God's Foreknowledge, and Future Contingents Translated with an Introduction, Notes and Appendices by Marilyn McCord Adams and Norman Kretzmann, Pp. 136. Century Philosophy Sourcebooks, Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1969. [REVIEW]David A. Pailin - 1971 - Religious Studies 7 (3):285.
  41. Future Contingents.Calvin Normore - 1982 - In Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny & Jan Pinborg (eds.), Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 358--381.
  42.  14
    The Problem of Future Contingents.Paul A. Streveler - 1973 - New Scholasticism 47 (2):233-247.
  43.  13
    God's Nescience of Future Contingents.William McGuire King - 1979 - Process Studies 9 (3-4):105-115.
  44.  12
    The Role of “Inevitability at Time T” in Aquinas' Solution to the Problem of Future Contingents.Michael R. Baumer - 1979 - New Scholasticism 53 (2):147-167.
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  45. Predestination, God's Foreknowledge, and Future Contingents.William Ockham, Marilyn Mccord Adams & Norman Kretzmann - 1971 - Religious Studies 7 (3):285-287.
     
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  46.  12
    Trans-World Identity of Future Contingents: Sartre on Leibnizian Freedom.Terry Winant - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (4):543-564.
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  47.  9
    The Quarrel over Future Contingents.Antonino Poppi - 1992 - International Studies in Philosophy 24 (3):122-123.
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  48.  1
    Seeing the Future Clearly: Questions on Future Contingents by Robert Holcot.Robert Holcot Paul A. Streveler Katherine H. Tachau Hester Goodenough Gelber William J. Courtenay. [REVIEW]John Boler - 1997 - Speculum 72 (3):834-836.
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  49. Chris Schabel, Theology at Paris, 1316–1345: Peter Auriol and the Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents.(Ashgate Studies in Medieval Philosophy.) Aldershot, Eng., and Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2000. Pp. Xi, 368; Black-and-White Frontispiece. $89.95. [REVIEW]T. M. Rudavsky - 2002 - Speculum 77 (4):1390-1392.
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  50.  3
    Bourne on Future Contingents and Three-Valued Logic. 加地大介 - 2009 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (1):33-43.
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