Results for 'Klaas E. Stephan'

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  1. Free-Energy and the Brain.Karl J. Friston & Klaas E. Stephan - 2007 - Synthese 159 (3):417 - 458.
    If one formulates Helmholtz's ideas about perception in terms of modern-day theories one arrives at a model of perceptual inference and learning that can explain a remarkable range of neurobiological facts. Using constructs from statistical physics it can be shown that the problems of inferring what cause our sensory inputs and learning causal regularities in the sensorium can be resolved using exactly the same principles. Furthermore, inference and learning can proceed in a biologically plausible fashion. The ensuing scheme rests on (...)
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  2.  26
    Uncertainty in Perception and the Hierarchical Gaussian Filter.Christoph D. Mathys, Ekaterina I. Lomakina, Jean Daunizeau, Sandra Iglesias, Kay H. Brodersen, Karl J. Friston & Klaas E. Stephan - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  3.  30
    A Bayesian Perspective on Magnitude Estimation.Frederike H. Petzschner, Stefan Glasauer & Klaas E. Stephan - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (5):285-293.
  4.  16
    Learning What to See in a Changing World.Katharina Schmack, Veith Weilnhammer, Jakob Heinzle, Klaas E. Stephan & Philipp Sterzer - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  5.  36
    A Model-Based Analysis of Impulsivity Using a Slot-Machine Gambling Paradigm.Saee Paliwal, Frederike H. Petzschner, Anna Katharina Schmitz, Marc Tittgemeyer & Klaas E. Stephan - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  6.  18
    Free-Energy and the Brain.Karl Friston & Klaas Stephan - 2007 - Synthese 159 (3):417-458.
    If one formulates Helmholtz’s ideas about perception in terms of modern-day theories one arrives at a model of perceptual inference and learning that can explain a remarkable range of neurobiological facts. Using constructs from statistical physics it can be shown that the problems of inferring what cause our sensory inputs and learning causal regularities in the sensorium can be resolved using exactly the same principles. Furthermore, inference and learning can proceed in a biologically plausible fashion. The ensuing scheme rests on (...)
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  7.  1
    Practical Reason: Papers and Discussions.G. E. M. Anscombe & Stephan Körner (eds.) - 1974 - Yale University Press.
  8.  66
    Mirror Self-Recognition and Symbol-Mindedness.Stephane Savanah - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy.
    Abstract The view that mirror self-recognition (MSR) is a definitive demonstration of self-awareness is far from universally accepted, and those who do support the view need a more robust argument than the mere assumption that self-recognition implies a self-concept (e.g. Gallup in Socioecology and Psychology of Primates, Mouton, Hague, 1975 ; Gallup and Suarez in Psychological Perspectives on the Self, vol 3, Erlbaum, Hillsdale, 1986 ). In this paper I offer a new argument in favour of the view that MSR (...)
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  9.  3
    Música, Autismo E Diferenças: A Representação Como Violência Em Levinas E Deleuze.Stephan Malta Oliveira, Luísa Azevedo Damasceno, Nathalie Emmanuelle Hofmann, Letícia Azevedo Damasceno, Cecília Albuquerque Reynaud Schaefer & Alba Cristina Martins da Silveira - 2021 - Childhood and Philosophy 17:01-18.
    The aim of this article is to investigate and discuss the notions of difference and representation in Emmanuel Levinas and Gilles Deleuze, articulating such notions through the example of a university extension project involving the formation of a musical ensemble composed of autistic children. Our research involved a review of four major philosophical works—Emmanuel Levinas’ Totality and Infinity; Among Us: Essays On Alterity; and “The Concept Of Difference In Bergson”; and Gilles Deleuze’s Difference and Repetition--in addition to secondary references. The (...)
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  10.  8
    Using Brain Potentials to Understand Prism Adaptation: The Error-Related Negativity and the P300.Stephane J. MacLean, Cameron D. Hassall, Yoko Ishigami, Olav E. Krigolson & Gail A. Eskes - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  11. Remote, Automated, and MRI-Compatible Administration of Interoceptive Inspiratory Resistive Loading.Sebastian W. Rieger, Klaas Enno Stephan & Olivia K. Harrison - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  12.  52
    The Philosophical Logic of Stéphane Lupasco (1900–1988).Joseph E. Brenner - 2010 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (3):243-285.
    The advent of quantum mechanics in the early 20 th Century had profound consequences for science and mathematics, for philosophy (Schrödinger), and for logic (von Neumann). In 1968, Putnam wrote that quantum mechanics required a revolution in our understanding of logic per se. However, applications of quantum logics have been little explored outside the quantum domain. Dummett saw some implications of quantum logic for truth, but few philosophers applied similar intuitions to epistemology or ontology. Logic remained a truth-functional ’science’ of (...)
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  13.  23
    Π 1 0 Classes, L R Degrees and Turing Degrees.George Barmpalias, Andrew E. M. Lewis & Frank Stephan - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 156 (1):21-38.
    We say that A≤LRB if every B-random set is A-random with respect to Martin–Löf randomness. We study this relation and its interactions with Turing reducibility, classes, hyperimmunity and other recursion theoretic notions.
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  14.  11
    Too Imperfect to Fall Asleep: Perfectionism, Pre-Sleep Counterfactual Processing, and Insomnia.Ralph E. Schmidt, Delphine S. Courvoisier, Stéphane Cullati, Rainer Kraehenmann & Martial Van der Linden - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  15. Les raisons du doute: études sur le scepticisme antique.Diego E. Machuca & Stéphane Marchand (eds.) - 2019 - Paris: Classiques Garnier.
    Le scepticisme est une véritable constante de l’histoire de la philosophie depuis l’Antiquité. En se nourrissant des désaccords philosophiques, il ne cesse de se transformer pour mieux remettre en cause les certitudes du dogmatisme. Ce volume présente des contributions en langue française de spécialistes de la pensée sceptique dans l’antiquité, domaine qui s’est considérablement développé ces dernières années. Les études ici présentées portent aussi bien sur le pyrrhonisme que sur la nouvelle Académie ou l’empirisme médical ; elles utilisent une variété (...)
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  16.  13
    How Communication Goals Determine When Audience Tuning Biases Memory.Gerald Echterhoff, E. Tory Higgins, René Kopietz & Stephan Groll - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (1):3-21.
  17.  6
    Meta-estética e ética francesa do sentido (Derrida, Deleuze, Serres, Nancy).Stéphane Huchet - 2004 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 45 (110):321-349.
  18.  3
    Meta-Estética E Ética Francesa Do Sentido.Stéphane Huchet - 2004 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 45 (110):321-349.
  19.  7
    William Klaas Frankena 1908-1994.Stephen Darwall & Louis E. Loeb - 1995 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (5):95 - 96.
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  20.  28
    Special Issue of Minds and Machines on Causality, Uncertainty and Ignorance.Stephan Hartmann & Rolf Haenni (eds.) - 2006 - Springer.
    In everyday life, as well as in science, we have to deal with and act on the basis of partial (i.e. incomplete, uncertain, or even inconsistent) information. This observation is the source of a broad research activity from which a number of competing approaches have arisen. There is some disagreement concerning the way in which partial or full ignorance is and should be handled. The most successful approaches include both quantitative aspects (by means of probability theory) and qualitative aspect (by (...)
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  21.  40
    Graphs Realised by R.E. Equivalence Relations.Alexander Gavruskin, Sanjay Jain, Bakhadyr Khoussainov & Frank Stephan - 2014 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (7-8):1263-1290.
    We investigate dependence of recursively enumerable graphs on the equality relation given by a specific r.e. equivalence relation on ω. In particular we compare r.e. equivalence relations in terms of graphs they permit to represent. This defines partially ordered sets that depend on classes of graphs under consideration. We investigate some algebraic properties of these partially ordered sets. For instance, we show that some of these partial ordered sets possess atoms, minimal and maximal elements. We also fully describe the isomorphism (...)
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  22.  8
    Aan de tijd ontstegen: E.J. Dijksterhuis en De mechanisering van het wereldbeeld.Klaas van Berkel - 2013 - Studium : Revue D’Histoire des Sciences Et des Universités 6 (3):267.
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  23. Towards a Theory of Ground-Theoretic Content.Stephan Krämer - 2016 - Synthese:1-30.
    A lot of research has recently been done on the topic of ground, and in particular on the logic of ground. According to a broad consensus in that debate, ground is hyperintensional in the sense that even logically equivalent truths may differ with respect to what grounds them, and what they ground. This renders pressing the question of what we may take to be the ground-theoretic content of a true statement, i.e. that aspect of the statement’s overall content to which (...)
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  24. What Should We Agree on About the Repugnant Conclusion?Stéphane Zuber, Nikhil Venkatesh, Torbjörn Tännsjö, Christian Tarsney, H. Orri Stefánsson, Katie Steele, Dean Spears, Jeff Sebo, Marcus Pivato, Toby Ord, Yew-Kwang Ng, Michal Masny, William MacAskill, Nicholas Lawson, Kevin Kuruc, Michelle Hutchinson, Johan E. Gustafsson, Hilary Greaves, Lisa Forsberg, Marc Fleurbaey, Diane Coffey, Susumu Cato, Clinton Castro, Tim Campbell, Mark Budolfson, John Broome, Alexander Berger, Nick Beckstead & Geir B. Asheim - forthcoming - Utilitas:1-5.
    The Repugnant Conclusion served an important purpose in catalyzing and inspiring the pioneering stage of population ethics research. We believe, however, that the Repugnant Conclusion now receives too much focus. Avoiding the Repugnant Conclusion should no longer be the central goal driving population ethics research, despite its importance to the fundamental accomplishments of the existing literature.
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  25.  16
    Stephan Goertz/hermann-joseph Große Kracht : Christentum – Moderne – Politik. Studien zu Franz-Xaver Kaufmann, Paderborn: Schöningh 2014.Georg Kalinna - 2016 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 60 (1):66-67.
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  26.  15
    Randomness? What Randomness?Klaas Landsman - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (2):61-104.
    This is a review of the issue of randomness in quantum mechanics, with special emphasis on its ambiguity; for example, randomness has different antipodal relationships to determinism, computability, and compressibility. Following a philosophical discussion of randomness in general, I argue that deterministic interpretations of quantum mechanics are strictly speaking incompatible with the Born rule. I also stress the role of outliers, i.e. measurement outcomes that are not 1-random. Although these occur with low probability, their very existence implies that the no-signaling (...)
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  27.  3
    Andrea Strazzoni. Dutch Cartesianism and the Birth of Philosophy of Science: From Regius to ’s Gravesande. Ix + 245 Pp., Notes, Bibl., Index. Boston: De Gruyter, 2018. $114.99 (Cloth); ISBN 9783110567823. Paperback and E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Klaas van Berkel - 2020 - Isis 111 (4):881-882.
  28.  61
    Randomness, Relativization and Turing Degrees.André Nies, Frank Stephan & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2005 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (2):515-535.
    We compare various notions of algorithmic randomness. First we consider relativized randomness. A set is n-random if it is Martin-Löf random relative to ∅. We show that a set is 2-random if and only if there is a constant c such that infinitely many initial segments x of the set are c-incompressible: C ≥ |x|-c. The ‘only if' direction was obtained independently by Joseph Miller. This characterization can be extended to the case of time-bounded C-complexity. Next we prove some results (...)
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  29. Discussioni e postille-Heidegger e l'hitlerismo in filosofia.Stephane Toussaint - 2006 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 26 (3):522.
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  30. Heidegger e l'hitlerismo in filosofia.Stephane Toussaint - 2006 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 2 (3):522-530.
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  31.  94
    Emotions Beyond Brain and Body.Achim Stephan, Sven Walter & Wendy Wilutzky - 2014 - Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):1-17.
    The emerging consensus in the philosophy of cognition is that cognition is situated, i.e., dependent upon or co-constituted by the body, the environment, and/or the embodied interaction with it. But what about emotions? If the brain alone cannot do much thinking, can the brain alone do some emoting? If not, what else is needed? Do (some) emotions (sometimes) cross an individual's boundary? If so, what kinds of supra-individual systems can be bearers of affective states, and why? And does that make (...)
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  32.  24
    O jogo do erro e da verdade nos diálogos filosóficos de Voltaire.Stéphane Pujol - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (3).
    Tudo se passa como se a escrita filosófica de Voltaire se desenvolvesse em uma dupla oposição: de um lado, ela visa denunciar o palavrório dos fazedores de sistemas e a cacofonia a que ele conduz, opondo-lhes a prudência e a modéstia; de outro, ela pretende restaurar, contra a tentação cética, o direito à busca da verdade. Em Voltaire, o discurso filosófico nasce desta tensão, do desejo de dizer o mundo e da vontade de se calar, tensão que a escolha do (...)
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  33.  2
    Die ordnungsgemäße Geschäftsorganisation einer Versicherung.Stephan Hutter & Theodor Baums - 2009 - In Stephan Hutter & Theodor Baums (eds.), Gedächtnisschrift Für Michael Grusonin Memory of Michael Gruson. De Gruyter Recht.
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  34.  19
    The limits of replicability.Stephan Guttinger - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 10 (2):1-17.
    Discussions about a replicability crisis in science have been driven by the normative claim that all of science should be replicable and the empirical claim that most of it isn’t. Recently, such crisis talk has been challenged by a new localism, which argues a) that serious problems with replicability are not a general occurrence in science and b) that replicability itself should not be treated as a universal standard. The goal of this article is to introduce this emerging strand of (...)
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  35.  8
    Converting the Past: Studies in Ancient Israelite and Moabite Historiography.Paul E. Dion & Klaas A. D. Smelik - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (1):121.
  36.  10
    E. Grädel, P.G. Kolaitis, L. Libkin, M. Marx, J. Spencer, M.Y. Vardi, Y. Venema and S. Weinstein. Finite Model Theory and its Applications. Texts in Theoretical Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, 2007, Xiii + 437 Pp. [REVIEW]Stephan Kreutzer - 2010 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):406-407.
  37.  14
    Memoirs of Fellows and Corresponding Fellows of the Mediaeval Academy of America.Stephan Kuttner, Gaines Post, Samuel E. Thorne, Marshall Clagett, Kenneth M. Setton, Harry A. Wolfson, Gray C. Boyce, Joseph R. Strayer, S. H. Thomson, Astrik Gabriel, Paul Oskar Kristeller & Kenneth Setton - 1971 - Speculum 46 (3):571-575.
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  38.  6
    Giambatista Vico: razionalità e fantasia.Stephan Otto - 1987 - Bollettino Del Centro di Studi Vichiani 17:5-24.
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  39.  15
    Using Parameter Sensitivity and Interdependence to Predict Model Scope and Falsifiability.Shu-Chen Li, Stephan Lewandowsky & Victor E. DeBrunner - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 125 (4):360.
  40. Measures of Scientific Output and the Age-Productivity Relationship.Paula E. Stephan & Sharon G. Levin - 1988 - In A. F. J. van Raan (ed.), Handbook of Quantitative Studies of Science and Technology. Elsevier. pp. 31--80.
     
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  41. Husserl, E., Zur Phänomenologie der intersubjektivität. [REVIEW]Stephan Strasser - 1973 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 35:617-630.
  42.  26
    Clarifying the Definition Ofsustainable Agriculture.Hugh Lehman, E. Ann Clark & Stephan F. Weise - 1993 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 6 (2):127-143.
    A number of distinct definitions ofsustainable agriculture have been proposed. In this paper we criticize two such definitions, primarily for conflating sustainability with other objectives such as economic viability and ecological integrity. Finally, we propose and defend a definition which avoids our objections to the other definitions.
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  43.  6
    SANRA—a Scale for the Quality Assessment of Narrative Review Articles.Stephan Mertens, Sandra Goldbeck-Wood & Christopher Baethge - 2019 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 4 (1).
    BackgroundNarrative reviews are the commonest type of articles in the medical literature. However, unlike systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials articles, for which formal instruments exist to evaluate quality, there is currently no instrument available to assess the quality of narrative reviews. In response to this gap, we developed SANRA, the Scale for the Assessment of Narrative Review Articles.MethodsA team of three experienced journal editors modified or deleted items in an earlier SANRA version based on face validity, item-total correlations, and (...)
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  44.  2
    Mirror Self-Recognition and Symbol-Mindedness.Stephane Savanah - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (4):657-673.
    The view that mirror self-recognition (MSR) is a definitive demonstration of self-awareness is far from universally accepted, and those who do support the view need a more robust argument than the mere assumption that self-recognition implies a self-concept (e.g. Gallup in Socioecology and Psychology of Primates, Mouton, Hague, 1975 ; Gallup and Suarez in Psychological Perspectives on the Self, vol 3, Erlbaum, Hillsdale, 1986 ). In this paper I offer a new argument in favour of the view that MSR shows (...)
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  45.  13
    Phenomenology: An Introduction, Written by Stephan Käufer & Anthony Chemero.Rodger E. Broomé - 2016 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 47 (1):96-103.
  46.  14
    Patrizia Arena, Feste E Rituali a Roma. Il Principe Incontra Il Popolo Nel Circo Massimo, Bari 2010.Stéphane Benoist - 2017 - Klio 99 (2):747-752.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Klio Jahrgang: 99 Heft: 2 Seiten: 747-752.
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  47.  50
    Towards a Theory of Ground-Theoretic Content.Stephan Krämer - 2018 - Synthese 195 (2):785-814.
    A lot of research has recently been done on the topic of ground, and in particular on the logic of ground. According to a broad consensus in that debate, ground is hyperintensional in the sense that even logically equivalent truths may differ with respect to what grounds them, and what they ground. This renders pressing the question of what we may take to be the ground-theoretic content of a true statement, i.e. that aspect of the statement’s overall content to which (...)
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  48. Antecedents and Moderation Effects of Maladaptive Coping Behaviors Among German University Students.Lina Marie Mülder, Nicole Deci, Antonia Maria Werner, Jennifer L. Reichel, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Sebastian Heller, Markus Schäfer, Daniel Pfirrmann, Dennis Edelmann, Pavel Dietz, Manfred E. Beutel, Stephan Letzel & Thomas Rigotti - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Prolonging working hours and presenteeism have been conceptualized as self-endangering coping behaviors in employees, which are related to health impairment. Drawing upon the self-regulation of behavior model, the goal achievement process, and Warr's vitamin model, we examined the antecedents and moderation effects regarding quantitative demands, autonomy, emotion regulation, and self-motivation competence of university students' self-endangering coping behaviors. Results from a cross-sectional survey of 3,546 German university students indicate that quantitative demands are positively related and autonomy has a u-shape connection with (...)
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  49.  8
    Vida prática e pragmatismo em Bergson.Stéphane Madelrieux - 2017 - Doispontos 14 (2).
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  50.  5
    Trabalho, Amor E Reconhecimento.Andrea Doróthee Stephan Möllmann - 2011 - Educação E Filosofia 25 (49):337-341.
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