Results for 'R. Hanbury Brown'

988 found
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  1.  22
    The nature of science.R. Hanbury Brown - 1979 - Zygon 14 (3):201-215.
  2. The wisdom of science: its relevance to culture and religion.R. Hanbury Brown - 1986 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    We live in a culture which, while largely dependent on science for its material welfare, is largely ignorant of the new ideas and perspectives on which science is based. This book examines the true significance of science and technology for society over the last three hundred years. Professor Hanbury Brown's insight and experience have resulted in a novel approach to the discussion of the cultural role of science. After reviewing the history of how science grew to be both (...)
     
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  3.  3
    The enumeration and transformation of dislocation dipoles I. The dipole strengths of closed and open dislocation arrays.F. R. N. Nabarro & L. M. Brown - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (3-5):429-439.
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  4.  3
    Texture development and deformation mechanisms during uniaxial straining of U–Nb shape-memory alloys.R. D. Field *, D. W. Brown & D. J. Thoma - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (23):2593-2609.
  5.  4
    Texture development and deformation mechanisms during uniaxial straining of U–Nb shape-memory alloys.R. D. Field *, D. W. Brown & D. J. Thoma - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (13):1441-1457.
  6.  24
    Introduction A Bold Agenda for the Next Steps in Health Reform.Brietta R. Clark, Erin C. Fuse Brown & Lindsay F. Wiley - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (3):390-392.
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  7.  9
    Incentivizing evaluation with peer prediction and limited access to ground truth.Xi Alice Gao, James R. Wright & Kevin Leyton-Brown - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 275 (C):618-638.
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  8.  4
    Towards uniting the behavioral sciences with a Gene-centered approach to altruism.R. Michael Brown & Stephanie L. Brown - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):19-20.
    We support the ambitious goal of unification within the behavioral sciences. We suggest that Darwinian evolution by means of natural selection can provide the integrative glue for this purpose, and we review our own work on selective investment theory (SIT), which is an example of how other-regarding preferences can be accommodated by a gene-centered account of evolution. (Published Online April 27 2007).
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  9. Bell's theorem and the foundations of modern physics.F. Barone, A. O. Barut, E. Beltrametti, S. Bergia, R. A. Bertlmann, H. R. Brown, G. C. Ghirardi, D. M. Greenberger, D. Home & M. Jammer - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (8).
  10.  14
    Physical Relativity: Space-Time Structure From a Dynamical Perspective.Harvey R. Brown - 2005 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Physical Relativity explores the nature of the distinction at the heart of Einstein's 1905 formulation of his special theory of relativity: that between kinematics and dynamics. Einstein himself became increasingly uncomfortable with this distinction, and with the limitations of what he called the 'principle theory' approach inspired by the logic of thermodynamics. A handful of physicists and philosophers have over the last century likewise expressed doubts about Einstein's treatment of the relativistic behaviour of rigid bodies and clocks in motion in (...)
  11.  18
    Bell on Bell's theorem: The changing face of nonlocality.Harvey R. Brown & Christopher Gordon Timpson - unknown
    Between 1964 and 1990, the notion of nonlocality in Bell's papers underwent a profound change as his nonlocality theorem gradually became detached from quantum mechanics, and referred to wider probabilistic theories involving correlations between separated beables. The proposition that standard quantum mechanics is itself nonlocal became divorced from the Bell theorem per se from 1976 on, although this important point is widely overlooked in the literature. In 1990, the year of his death, Bell would express serious misgivings about the mathematical (...)
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  12.  9
    On Social Structure.A. R. Radcliffe-Brown - 1940 - Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 70 (1).
    Advocates anthropology as a science focused on social structure.
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  13. Method in Social Anthropology.A. R. Radcliffe-Brown & M. N. Srinivas - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (3):313-314.
  14.  10
    Comment: Beyond "Evolutionary versus Social": Moving the Cycle Shift Debate Forward.Gillian R. Brown, Catharine P. Cross, Sally E. Street & Charlotte O. Brand - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (3):250-251.
    Wood, Kressel, Joshi, and Louie thoroughly evaluate the evidence for menstrual cycle shifts in ratings of several male characteristics and conclude that their analyses fail to provide supportive evidence for consistent cycle effects. The topic of menstrual cycle shifts in mate preferences has been strongly debated, with disagreements over both scientific content and practice. Here, we attempt to take a step back from these acrimonious exchanges and focus instead on how to interpret menstrual cycle shifts in mate preference tasks, independently (...)
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  15. Personal moral philosophies and the moral judgments of salespeople.R. Tansey, G. Brown, M. R. Hyman & L. E. Dawson Jr - forthcoming - Journal of Personal Selling and Sales Management:59--75.
     
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  16.  22
    Two miracles of general relativity.James Read, Harvey R. Brown & Dennis Lehmkuhl - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 64:14-25.
    We approach the physics of \emph{minimal coupling} in general relativity, demonstrating that in certain circumstances this leads to violations of the \emph{strong equivalence principle}, which states that, in general relativity, the dynamical laws of special relativity can be recovered at a point. We then assess the consequences of this result for the \emph{dynamical perspective on relativity}, finding that potential difficulties presented by such apparent violations of the strong equivalence principle can be overcome. Next, we draw upon our discussion of the (...)
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  17.  15
    New books. [REVIEW]E. R. Dodds, R. M. Martin, J. Agassi, Robert Kirkham, G. H. Bird, Jenny Teichmann, R. N. Smart & N. J. Brown - 1959 - Mind 68 (270):269-286.
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  18.  94
    SORABJI, R. Emotion and Peace of Mind.R. Sorabji, T. Brennan & P. Brown - 2002 - Philosophical Books 43 (3):169-220.
    A longish (12 page) discussion of Richard Sorabji's excellent book, with a further discussion of what it means for a theory of emotions to be a cognitive theory.
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  19.  7
    The Impact of Retraction on Citation Networks.Charisse R. Madlock-Brown & David Eichmann - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (1):127-137.
    Article retraction in research is rising, yet retracted articles continue to be cited at a disturbing rate. This paper presents an analysis of recent retraction patterns, with a unique emphasis on the role author self-cites play, to assist the scientific community in creating counter-strategies. This was accomplished by examining the following: A categorization of retracted articles more complete than previously published work. The relationship between citation counts and after-retraction self-cites from the authors of the work, and the distribution of self-cites (...)
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  20.  7
    Participatory approaches to address climate change: perceived issues affecting the ability of South East Queensland graziers to adapt to future climates.Peter R. Brown, Zvi Hochman, Kerry L. Bridle & Neil I. Huth - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (4):689-703.
    We used a participatory approach and a rural livelihoods framework to explore the knowledge and capacity of southeast Queensland graziers to adapt to climate change. After being presented with information on climate change projections, participants identified biophysical and socio-economic opportunities and challenges to adaptation. Graziers identified key opportunities as components of resilience (incremental change), and in many cases were options that they had some knowledge of either from their own region or elsewhere in the grazing industry. The major constraint to (...)
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  21.  8
    High-temperature strength of dispersion-hardened single crystals: I. Experimental results.R. S. W. Shewfelt & L. M. Brown - 1974 - Philosophical Magazine 30 (5):1135-1145.
  22.  22
    The Dynamical Approach to Spacetime Theories.Harvey R. Brown & James Read - 2022 - In Eleanor Knox & Alastair Wilson (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics. London, UK: Routledge.
    We review the dynamical approach to spacetime theories---in particular, its origins in the development of special relativity, its opposition to the contemporary `geometrical' approach, and the manner in which it plays out in general relativity. In addition, we demonstrate that the approach is compatible with the `angle bracket school'.
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  23.  11
    Bioethics, Public Health, and the Social Sciences for the Medical Professions: An Integrated, Case-Based Approach.Amy E. Caruso Brown, Travis R. Hobart & Cynthia B. Morrow (eds.) - 2019 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    This unique textbook utilizes an integrated, case-based approach to explore how the domains of bioethics, public health and the social sciences impact individual patients and populations. It provides a structured framework suitable for both educators (including course directors and others engaged in curricular design) and for medical and health professions students to use in classroom settings across a range of clinical areas and allied health professions and for independent study. The textbook opens with an introduction, describing the intersection of ethics (...)
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  24.  5
    Testing an active intervention to deter researchers’ use of questionable research practices.R. Didlake, D. F. Sacco, M. Brown & S. V. Bruton - 2019 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 4 (1).
    IntroductionIn this study, we tested a simple, active “ethical consistency” intervention aimed at reducing researchers’ endorsement of questionable research practices (QRPs).MethodsWe developed a simple, active ethical consistency intervention and tested it against a control using an established QRP survey instrument. Before responding to a survey that asked about attitudes towards each of fifteen QRPs, participants were randomly assigned to either a consistency or control 3–5-min writing task. A total of 201 participants completed the survey: 121 participants were recruited from a (...)
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  25.  9
    High‐temperature strength of dispersion-hardened single crystals II. Theory.R. S. W. Shewfelt & L. M. Brown - 1977 - Philosophical Magazine 35 (4):945-962.
  26. Ethical judgments about wartime ads depicting combat.R. Tansey, M. R. Hyman & G. Brown - forthcoming - Journal of Advertising:57--74.
     
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  27.  40
    The Origins of Time-Asymmetry in Thermodynamics: The Minus First Law.Harvey R. Brown & Jos Uffink - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 32 (4):525-538.
    This paper investigates what the source of time-asymmetry is in thermodynamics, and comments on the question whether a time-symmetric formulation of the Second Law is possible.
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  28.  8
    Critical Essays on the Philosophy of R. G. CollingwoodVelazguez, Goya and the Dehumanization of ArtOther Criteria, Confrontations with Twentieth Century Art.Michael Krausz, R. G. Collingwood, José Ortega Y. Gasset, A. Brown & Leo Steinberg - 1973 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (3):424.
  29.  6
    Building with quantum correlations.Christopher G. Timpson & Harvey R. Brown - unknown
    'Correlations without correlata' is an influential way of thinking of quantum entanglement as a form primitive correlation which nonetheless maintains locality of quantum theory. A number of arguments have sought to suggest that such a view leads either to internal inconsistency or to conflict with the empirical predictions of quantum mechanics. Here wew explicate and provide a partial defence of the notion, arguing that these objections import unwarranted conceptions of correlation properties as hidden variables. A more plausible account sees the (...)
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  30. The social construction of human nature.Kevin N. Laland & Gillian R. Brown - 2018 - In Elizabeth Hannon & Tim Lewens (eds.), Why We Disagree About Human Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  31.  14
    Clarifying possible misconceptions in the foundations of general relativity.Harvey R. Brown & James Read - unknown
    We discuss what we take to be three possible misconceptions in the foundations of general relativity, relating to: the interpretation of the weak equivalence principle and the relationship between gravity and inertia; the connection between gravitational redshift results and spacetime curvature; and the Einstein equivalence principle and the ability to ``transform away" gravity in local inertial coordinate systems.
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  32. Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introduction to the World of Proofs and Pictures.James R. Brown - 2001 - Erkenntnis 54 (3):404-407.
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  33.  23
    Engineering the Brain: Ethical Issues and the Introduction of Neural Devices.Eran Klein, Tim Brown, Matthew Sample, Anjali R. Truitt & Sara Goering - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (6):26-35.
    Neural engineering technologies such as implanted deep brain stimulators and brain-computer interfaces represent exciting and potentially transformative tools for improving human health and well-being. Yet their current use and future prospects raise a variety of ethical and philosophical concerns. Devices that alter brain function invite us to think deeply about a range of ethical concerns—identity, normality, authority, responsibility, privacy, and justice. If a device is stimulating my brain while I decide upon an action, am I still the author of the (...)
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  34.  22
    Complex Non-linear Biodynamics in Categories, Higher Dimensional Algebra and Łukasiewicz–Moisil Topos: Transformations of Neuronal, Genetic and Neoplastic Networks.I. C. Baianu, R. Brown, G. Georgescu & J. F. Glazebrook - 2006 - Axiomathes 16 (1):65-122.
    A categorical, higher dimensional algebra and generalized topos framework for Łukasiewicz–Moisil Algebraic–Logic models of non-linear dynamics in complex functional genomes and cell interactomes is proposed. Łukasiewicz–Moisil Algebraic–Logic models of neural, genetic and neoplastic cell networks, as well as signaling pathways in cells are formulated in terms of non-linear dynamic systems with n-state components that allow for the generalization of previous logical models of both genetic activities and neural networks. An algebraic formulation of variable ‘next-state functions’ is extended to a Łukasiewicz–Moisil (...)
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  35.  6
    Sense and Nonsense: Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Behaviour.Kevin N. Laland & Gillian R. Brown - 2002 - Oxford University Press. Edited by Kevin N. Laland & Gillian R. Brown.
    This book asks whether evolution can help us to understand human behaviour and explores diverse evolutionary methods and arguments. It provides a short, readable introduction to the science behind the works of Dawkins, Dennett, Wilson and Pinker. It is widely used in undergraduate courses around the world.
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  36.  31
    The need for empathetic healthcare systems.Angeliki Kerasidou, Kristine Bærøe, Zackary Berger & Amy E. Caruso Brown - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):e27-e27.
    Medicine is not merely a job that requires technical expertise, but a profession concerned with making the best decisions and recommendations with reference to, and in consultation with, the patient. This means that the skill set required for healthcare professionals in order to provide good care is a combination of scientific knowledge, technical aptitude, and affective qualities or virtues such as compassion and empathy.
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  37.  6
    Learned Spatial Schemas and Prospective Hippocampal Activity Support Navigation After One-Shot Learning.Marlieke T. R. van Kesteren, Thackery I. Brown & Anthony D. Wagner - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12:373355.
    Prior knowledge structures (or schemas) confer multiple behavioral benefits. First, when we encounter information that fits with prior knowledge structures, this information is generally better learned and remembered. Second, prior knowledge can support prospective planning. In humans, memory enhancements related to prior knowledge have been suggested to be supported, in part, by computations in prefrontal and medial temporal lobe cortex. Moreover, animal studies further implicate a role for the hippocampus in schema-based facilitation and in the emergence of prospective planning signals (...)
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  38.  5
    Plutarch, Alexander, a Commentary.Truesdell S. Brown & J. R. Hamilton - 1971 - American Journal of Philology 92 (2):352.
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  39.  3
    Metrics and mappings: A framework for understanding real-world quantitative estimation.Norman R. Brown & Robert S. Siegler - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (3):511-534.
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  40.  12
    Solving the measurement problem: De broglie-Bohm loses out to Everett. [REVIEW]Harvey R. Brown & David Wallace - 2004 - Foundations of Physics 35 (4):517-540.
    The quantum theory of de Broglie and Bohm solves the measurement problem, but the hypothetical corpuscles play no role in the argument. The solution finds a more natural home in the Everett interpretation.
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  41.  7
    The Food Prospect.Lester R. Brown - 1978 - Diogenes 26 (103):51-77.
    The world food economy has undergone a basic transformation during the seventies. Not only did the world have surplus stocks and excess production capacity at the beginning of the decade, but it also appeared that both would be around for a long time to come. Suddenly in 1972 and 1973, they disappeared and the whole world was trying to make it from one harvest to the next. During the mid-seventies global food insecurity was greater than at any time since the (...)
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  42.  17
    The influence of boron on the clustering of radiation damage in graphite.L. M. Brown, A. Kelly & R. M. Mayer - 1969 - Philosophical Magazine 19 (160):721-741.
  43.  7
    Radiation-induced coherency loss in a Cu–Co alloy.L. M. Brown, G. R. Woolhouse & U. Valdrè - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 17 (148):781-789.
  44.  12
    Curious and sublime: the connection between uncertainty and probability in physics.Harvey R. Brown - unknown
    From its first significant appearance in physics, the notion of probability has been linked in the minds of physicists with the notion of uncertainty. But the link may prove to be tenuous, if quantum mechanics, construed in terms of the Everett interpretation, is anything to go by.
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  45.  34
    Minkowski space-time: A glorious non-entity.Harvey R. Brown & Oliver Pooley - 2006 - In Dennis Geert Bernardus Johan Dieks (ed.), The ontology of spacetime. Boston: Elsevier. pp. 67--89.
    It is argued that Minkowski space-time cannot serve as the deep structure within a ``constructive'' version of the special theory of relativity, contrary to widespread opinion in the philosophical community.
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  46.  5
    “Broad” Impact: Perceptions of Sex/Gender-Related Psychology Journals.Elizabeth R. Brown, Jessi L. Smith & Doralyn Rossmann - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Because men are overrepresented within positions of power, men are perceived as the default in academia. Androcentric bias emerges whereby research by men and/or dominated by men is perceived as higher quality and gains more attention. We examined if these androcentric biases materialize within fields that study bias. How do individuals in close contact with psychology view psychology research outlets with titles including the words women, gender, sex, or feminism or contain the words men or masculinity versus psychology journals that (...)
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  47.  22
    Deconstructing Structural Injustices in the Clinic, Classroom, and Boardroom.Georgina Morley, Timothy E. Brown, Lauren R. Sankary & Sundus H. Riaz - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (3):29-32.
    Russell articulates compelling reasons that bioethicists and health care professionals should take individual responsibility for deconstructing structural injustices in healthcare through in...
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  48.  7
    Relationships Between Religious Orientations and Flow Experiences: An Exploratory Study.Scott R. Brown & Alida S. Westman - 2008 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie 30 (1):235-240.
    A convenience sample of 171 students answered a questionnaire indicating their religious orientations and the frequency and intensity of their flow experiences . Flow experiences are similar to athletes' experiences of "being in the zone." Intrinsics live by their religion, and Intrinsic religiosity was associated with fewer flow experiences in everyday activities.Extrinsics want the benefits of belonging. Extrinsic religiosity correlated with less intense flow experiences, and these experiences were more frequent during public religious gatherings than private prayer or meditation.
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  49.  2
    Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy: Insights from Combined Recording Studies.Vanessa Scarapicchia, Cassandra Brown, Chantel Mayo & Jodie R. Gawryluk - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  50.  6
    Once and for all: the curious role of probability in the Past Hypothesis.Harvey R. Brown - unknown
    The Past Hypothesis defended by David Wallace in his 2011 account of macroscopic irreversibility is technically distinct from, but in the same spirit as, that of David Albert in his 2000 book Time and Chance. I am concerned in this essay with the role of objective probability in both accounts, which I find obscure. Most of the analysis will be devoted to the classical treatments by both authors, but a final section will question whether Wallace's quantum version involving unitary dynamics (...)
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