Results for 'Silas Langley'

223 found
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  1.  63
    Aquinas, Resurrection, and Material Continuity.Silas Langley - 2001 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 75:135-147.
    Aquinas’s understanding of bodily resurrection can take two different directions. Either continuity of the soul alone is sufficient to reconstitute the same body as the pre-mortem body at the resurrection, or continuity of the matter of the pre-mortem body is also required. After arguing that Aquinas’s account of personal identity over time requires sameness of soul and sameness of body, I suggest that Aquinas’s two possible views on bodily resurrection are consistent with this account of personal identity and are both (...)
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  2.  16
    Death, Resurrection, and Transporter Beams: An Introduction to Five Christian Views on Life After Death, by Silas N. Langley.William Hasker - 2015 - Faith and Philosophy 32 (2):238-240.
  3. Paul Silas Peterson: „Zurück Zur Individualität!“ Die Rezeption Moderner Religionsphilosophie Im Hochland in der Weimarer Zeit.Paul Silas Peterson - 2020 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 27 (2):220-241.
    The monthly magazine Hochland was probably the most influential Catholic cultural periodical in Germany in the Weimar Period. According to Georg Cardinal von Kopp’s assessment in 1911, it was “unfortunately the most read periodical in all of the educated circles of Germany, Austria and German Switzerland”. Moving beyond the simple rejection of modern culture in Germany, the journal tried to follow a new program of mediatory engagement, although it did continue to hold to traditional positions in many regards. In this (...)
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  4.  1
    Paul Silas Peterson: Romano Guardini in the Weimar Republic and in National Socialist Germany: With a Brief Look Into the National Socialist Correspondences on Guardini in the Early 1940s.Paul Silas Peterson - 2019 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 26 (1):47-96.
    Romano Guardini was one of the most important intellectuals of German Catholicism in the twentieth century. He influenced nearly an entire generation of German Catholic theologians and was the leading figure of the German Catholic youth movement as it grew exponentially in the 1920s. Yet there are many open questions about his early intellectual development and his academic contribution to religious, cultural, social and political questions in the Weimar Republic and in National Socialist Germany. This article draws upon Guardini’s publications, (...)
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  5. Paul Silas Peterson: Is the Term “Catholic Fascism” Necessary? On the Historiographical Classifications of Post-World War I Religious-Fascist Ideology.Paul Silas Peterson - 2018 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 25 (1-2):104-151.
    In den historiographischen Debatten über die verschiedenen Ideologien der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts wird der Begriff „katholischer Faschismus“ gelegentlich verwendet, um eine spezifische Version des Faschismus in den 1920ern, 1930ern und 1940ern Jahren zu bezeichnen. Im vorliegenden Aufsatz wird dieses Konzept in historischer und historiographischer Perspektive analysiert. Dabei geht es v. a. um den religiösen Hintergrund, die verschiedenen begrifflichen Unterscheidungen, die wichtigsten Ereignisse und die ideologischen Zusammenhänge. Der protestantische Faschismus sowie das Konfliktfeld zwischen Katholizismus und faschistischer Ideologie werden auch (...)
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  6. Paul Silas Peterson: A Third Time, Erich Przywara, the Jews and Stimmen der Zeit: With a Response to Aaron Pidel and a Brief Look Into Przywara’s Late Letters to Carl Schmitt.Paul Silas Peterson - 2017 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 24 (2):202-239.
    In diesem Aufsatz werden die Veröffentlichungen des Jesuiten Erich Przywara und der sehr einflussreichen jesuitischen Zeitschrift Stimmen der Zeit aus den frühen 193oern Jahren und besonders aus dem Jahr 1933 analysiert. In diesem Zusammenhang antworte ich auch meinen Kritikern. Außerdem werden die Hintergründe und Quellen der spezifischen Form des Antisemitismus dargestellt, die in den Stimmen der Zeit vertreten wurde. Deutsche Jesuiten propagierten 1933 durchaus radikale Positionen in der Zeitschrift. In dem katholischen Blatt liest man u. a., dass die Juden dem (...)
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  7.  6
    When All Children Comprehend: Increasing the External Validity of Narrative Comprehension Development Research.Silas E. Burris & Danielle D. Brown - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  8.  13
    Looking at the Social Aspects of Nature of Science in Science Education Through a New Lens.Sila Kaya, Sibel Erduran, Naomi Birdthistle & Orla McCormack - 2018 - Science & Education 27 (5-6):457-478.
    Particular social aspects of the nature of science, such as economics of, and entrepreneurship in science, are understudied in science education research. It is not surprising then that the practical applications, such as lesson resources and teaching materials, are scarce. The key aims of this article are to synthesize perspectives from the literature on economics of science, entrepreneurship, NOS, and science education in order to have a better understanding of how science works in society and illustrate how such a synthesis (...)
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  9. Effects of Saturation and Contrast Polarity on the Figure-Ground Organization of Color on Gray.Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Adam Reeves - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5:1-9.
    Poorly saturated colors are closer to a pure grey than strongly saturated ones and, therefore, appear less “colorful”. Color saturation is effectively manipulated in the visual arts for balancing conflicting sensations and moods and for inducing the perception of relative distance in the pictorial plane. While perceptual science has proven quite clearly that the luminance contrast of any hue acts as a self-sufficient cue to relative depth in visual images, the role of color saturation in such figure-ground organization has remained (...)
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  10. Simultaneous Brightness and Apparent Depth From True Colors on Grey: Chevreul Revisited.Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Adam Reeves - 2012 - Seeing and Perceiving 25 (6):597-618.
    We show that true colors as defined by Chevreul (1839) produce unsuspected simultaneous brightness induction effects on their immediate grey backgrounds when these are placed on a darker (black) general background surrounding two spatially separated configurations. Assimilation and apparent contrast may occur in one and the same stimulus display. We examined the possible link between these effects and the perceived depth of the color patterns which induce them as a function of their luminance contrast. Patterns of square-shaped inducers of a (...)
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  11.  13
    Data‐Driven Discovery of Physical Laws.Pat Langley - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (1):31-54.
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  12.  93
    Bilateral Symmetry Strengthens the Perceptual Salience of Figure Against Ground.Birgitta Dresp-Langley - 2019 - Symmetry 2 (11):225-250.
    Although symmetry has been discussed in terms of a major law of perceptual organization since the early conceptual efforts of the Gestalt school (Wertheimer, Metzger, Koffka and others), the first quantitative measurements testing for effects of symmetry on processes of Gestalt formation have seen the day only recently. In this study, a psychophysical rating study and a “foreground”-“background” choice response time experiment were run with human observers to test for effects of bilateral symmetry on the perceived strength of figure-ground in (...)
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  13. Color and Figure-Ground: From Signals to Qualia.Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Adam Reeves (eds.) - 2014 - Routledge.
    The laws which predict how the perceptual quality of figure-ground can be extracted from the most elementary visual signals were discovered by the Gestaltists, and form an essential part of their movement (see especially Metzger, 1930, and Wertheimer, 1923 translated and re-edited by Lothar Spillmann, 2009 and 2012, respectively). Distinguishing figure from ground is a prerequisite for perception of both form and space (the relative positions, trajectories, and distances of objects in the visual field. The human brain has an astonishing (...)
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  14. Does Consciousness Exist Independently of Present Time and Present Time Independently of Consciousness.Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Jean Durup - 2012 - Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):45-49.
    While some are currently debating whether time may or may not be an illusion, others keep devoting their time to the science of consciousness. Time as such may be seen as a physical or a subjective variable, and the limitations in our capacity of perceiving and analyzing temporal order and change in physical events definitely constrain our understanding of consciousness which, in return, constrains our conceptual under-standing of time. Temporal codes generated in the brain have been considered as the key (...)
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  15. Colour for Behavioural Success.Birgitta Dresp-Langley - 2018 - I-Perception 2 (9):1-23.
    Colour information not only helps sustain the survival of animal species by guiding sexual selection and foraging behaviour but also is an important factor in the cultural and technological development of our own species. This is illustrated by examples from the visual arts and from state-of-the-art imaging technology, where the strategic use of colour has become a powerful tool for guiding the planning and execution of interventional procedures. The functional role of colour information in terms of its potential benefits to (...)
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  16.  8
    Principles of Perceptual Grouping: Implications for Image-Guided Surgery.Birgitta Dresp-Langley - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    The laws and principles which predict how perceptual qualities can be extracted from the most elementary visual signals were discovered by the Gestalt psychologists(e.g., Wertheimer,1923; Metzger,1930, translated and re-editedbySpillmann in 2009 and2012, respectively). Their seminal work has inspired visual science ever since, andhas led to exciting discoveries which have confirmed the Gestalt idea that the human brain would have an astonishing capacity for selecting and combining critical visual signals to generate output representations for decision making and action. This capacity of (...)
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  17. Scientific Discovery as Problem Solving.Herbert A. Simon, Patrick W. Langley & Gary L. Bradshaw - 1981 - Synthese 47 (1):3 – 14.
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  18. Affine Geometry, Visual Sensation, and Preference for Symmetry of Things in a Thing.Birgitta Dresp-Langley - 2016 - Symmetry 127 (8).
    Evolution and geometry generate complexity in similar ways. Evolution drives natural selection while geometry may capture the logic of this selection and express it visually, in terms of specific generic properties representing some kind of advantage. Geometry is ideally suited for expressing the logic of evolutionary selection for symmetry, which is found in the shape curves of vein systems and other natural objects such as leaves, cell membranes, or tunnel systems built by ants. The topology and geometry of symmetry is (...)
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  19.  10
    Scientific Discovery as Problem Solving.Herbert A. Simon, Patrick W. Langley & Gary L. Bradshaw - 1981 - Synthese 47 (1):1-27.
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  20.  30
    Neural Computation of Surface Border Ownership and Relative Surface Depth From Ambiguous Contrast Inputs.Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Stephen Grossberg - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    The segregation of image parts into foreground and background is an important aspect of the neural computation of 3D scene perception. To achieve such segregation, the brain needs information about border ownership; that is, the belongingness of a contour to a specific surface represented in the image. This article presents psychophysical data derived from 3D percepts of figure and ground that were generated by presenting 2D images composed of spatially disjoint shapes that pointed inward or outward relative to the continuous (...)
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  21.  19
    Negotiating the Moral Aspects of Purpose in Single and Cross-Sectoral Collaborations.Charlotte Cloutier & Ann Langley - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (1):103-131.
    This study focuses on how moral aspects of purpose shape collaborative processes. It does so by analyzing the unfolding of 21 relationships between four nonprofits and their funders using a framework based on French pragmatist sociology to help uncover the deeply held, ideological and moral beliefs that underscore assumptions about what the overarching purpose of a collaborative effort is or should be. This study contributes to the literature on single and cross-sectoral collaboration by showing that the way partners handle and (...)
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  22. On Galileo's Visions: Piercing the Spheres of the Heavens by Eye and Mind.Birgitta Dresp-Langley - 2014 - Perception 43:1280-1282.
    This bookreview discusses Piccolino and Wades' book on Galileo's impact on contemporary perception science.
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  23.  8
    Scientific Discovery.Pat Langley, Herbert A. Simon, Gary L. Bradshaw & Jan M. Zytkow - 1993 - In Alvin Goldman (ed.), Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  24.  22
    Dwelling in Diaspora: Judith Butler’s Post-Secular Paradigm.Colby Dickinson & Silas Morgan - 2015 - The European Legacy 20 (2):136-150.
    This article aims to present Judith Butler’s theory of diaspora as a theological paradigm for post-secular social existence. Her accounts of dispossession, statelessness, and exilic identity all afford us a normative challenge for how to think politics and the theological together. We begin by framing Judith Butler’s diasporic theory of politics within Adriennes Rich’s poetic perspective on ecstatic identity. We proceed to argue that by emphasizing both the precariousness and interdependency of social life, Rich and Butler’s shared commitments to universalizing (...)
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  25.  8
    The Effect of Online Protests and Firm Responses on Shareholder and Consumer Evaluation.Tobias Hornig, David Langley & Tijs Broek - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (2):279-294.
    Protests that target firms’ socially irresponsible behavior are increasingly organized via digital media. This study uses two methods to investigate the effects that online protests and mitigating firm responses have on shareholders’ and consumers’ evaluation. The first method is a financial analysis that includes an event study which measures the effect of online protests on the target firm’s share price, as well as an investigation of the boundary effects of protest characteristics. The second method is an online experiment that assesses (...)
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  26.  10
    The Effect of Online Protests and Firm Responses on Shareholder and Consumer Evaluation.Tijs van den Broek, David Langley & Tobias Hornig - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (2):279-294.
    Protests that target firms’ socially irresponsible behavior are increasingly organized via digital media. This study uses two methods to investigate the effects that online protests and mitigating firm responses have on shareholders’ and consumers’ evaluation. The first method is a financial analysis that includes an event study which measures the effect of online protests on the target firm’s share price, as well as an investigation of the boundary effects of protest characteristics. The second method is an online experiment that assesses (...)
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  27. Beyond the Classic Receptive Field: The Effect of Contextual Stimuli.Lothar Spillmann, Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Chia-Huei Tseng - 2015 - Journal of Vision 15:1-22.
    Following the pioneering studies of the receptive field (RF), the concept gained further significance for visual perception by the discovery of input effects from beyond the classical RF. These studies demonstrated that neuronal responses could be modulated by stimuli outside their RFs, consistent with the perception of induced brightness, color, orientation, and motion. Lesion scotomata are similarly modulated perceptually from the surround by RFs that have migrated from the interior to the outer edge of the scotoma and in this way (...)
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  28. Siła i stabilność rządów opartych na interakcji.Joseph Abdou - 2013 - Humanistyka I Przyrodoznawstwo 19:165-170.
    Author proposes very specific description of collective decision processes and analyzes strategic game form, solvable mechanism, the implementation problem and effectivity bundles.
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  29.  53
    The Experience Dependent Dynamics of Human Consciousness.Birgitta Dresp-Langley - 2018 - Open Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):116-143.
    By reviewing most of the neurobiology of consciousness, this article highlights some major reasons why a successful emulation of the dynamics of human consciousness by artificial intelligence is unlikely. The analysis provided leads to conclude that human consciousness is epigenetically determined and experience and context-dependent at the individual level. It is subject to changes in time that are essentially unpredictable. If cracking the code to human consciousness were possible, the result would most likely have to consist of a temporal pattern (...)
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  30.  6
    Bounded Rationality in Problem Solving: Guiding Search with Domain-Independent Heuristics.Pat Langley, Chris Pearce, Mike Barley & Miranda Emery - 2014 - Mind and Society 13 (1):83-95.
    Humans exhibit the remarkable ability to solve complex, multi-step problems despite their limited capacity for search. We review the standard theory of problem solving, which posits that heuristic guidance makes this possible, but we also note that most studies have emphasized the role of domain-specific heuristics, which are not available for unfamiliar tasks, over more general ones. We describe FPS, a flexible architecture for problem solving that supports a variety of different strategies and heuristics, and we report its use in (...)
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  31. Thesis and Antithesis in Medical Philosophy: An Address Delivered to the Society of Nu Sigma Nu.Langley Porter - 1946 - [Mr. And Mrs. Laurence Myers].
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  32.  9
    Scientific Discovery, Causal Explanation, and Process Model Induction.Pat Langley - 2019 - Mind and Society 18 (1):43-56.
    In this paper, I review two related lines of computational research: discovery of scientific knowledge and causal models of scientific phenomena. I also report research on quantitative process models that falls at the intersection of these two themes. This framework represents models as a set of interacting processes, each with associated differential equations that express influences among variables. Simulating such a quantitative process model produces trajectories for variables over time that one can compare to observations. Background knowledge about candidate processes (...)
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  33. A Paper on the Contigent Fee, Leagl Aid and Ethics.Silas Blake Axtell - 1950 - The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
     
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  34.  5
    Siła Filozofii, Filozofia Siły.Janusz Majcherek - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):11-25.
    The power of philosophy, philosophy of power: Selfless search for truth does not only make sense of philosophy and science, but also involves participating in a competition between rival theories and hypotheses. Truth is not an ultimate criterion in this process, especially after Michel Foucault revealed its inclinations towards violence. Questioning the position of truth opens the door to different criteria, among them — power. Using the argument of power in philosophical disputes and scientific controversies has a long tradition and (...)
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  35.  98
    Two Kinds of Knowledge in Scientific Discovery.Will Bridewell & Pat Langley - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):36-52.
  36.  12
    Overview of Research Management and Administration.Ian Carter & David Langley - 2009 - Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education 13 (2):31-32.
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  37.  27
    Wild Bodies Don't Need to Perceive, Detect, Capture, or Create Meaning: They ARE Meaning.J. Scott Jordan, Vincent T. Cialdella, Alex Dayer, Matthew D. Langley & Zachery Stillman - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  38. Siła i rozpacz. „Rosyjska idea„ Konstantego Leontjewa.Michał Bohun - 1996 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 41.
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  39.  3
    Siła i słabość logik modalnych.Marcin Czakon - 2020 - Filozofia Nauki 28 (1):125-132.
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  40. Philosophy & History.G. H. Langley - 1926 - Published for the University of Dacca by the Oxford University Press.
     
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  41. Sri Aurobindo, Indian Poet, Philosopher and Mystic.George Harry Langley - 1949 - London: Royal India and Pakistan Society.
     
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  42.  10
    Abductive Understanding of Dialogues About Joint Activities.Pat Langley, Ben Meadows, Alfredo Gabaldon & Richard Heald - 2014 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 15 (3):426-454.
    This paper examines the task of understanding dialogues in terms of the mental states of the participating agents. We present a motivating example that clarifies the challenges this problem involves and then outline a theory of dialogue interpretation based on abductive inference of these unobserved beliefs and goals, incremental construction of explanations, and reliance on domain-independent knowledge. After this, we describe UMBRA, an implementation of the theory that embodies these assumptions. We report experiments with the system that demonstrate its ability (...)
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  43.  13
    New Essays Concerning Human Understanding.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, George M. Duncan & Alfred Gideon Langley - 1897 - Philosophical Review 6 (3):293.
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  44. Silas a-T-Il Été le Compagnon de Voyage de Paul d'Antioche À Corinthe?S. Dockx - 1982 - Nouvelle Revue Théologique 104 (5):749-753.
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  45.  68
    Color for the Perceptual Organization of the Pictorial Plane: Victor Vasarely's Legacy to Gestalt Psychology.Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Adam Reeves - 2020 - Heliyon 6 (6):e04375.
    Victor Vasarely's (1906–1997) important legacy to the study of human perception is brought to the forefront and discussed. A large part of his impressive work conveys the appearance of striking three-dimensional shapes and structures in a large-scale pictorial plane. Current perception science explains such effects by invoking brain mechanisms for the processing of monocular (2D) depth cues. Here in this study, we illustrate and explain local effects of 2D color and contrast cues on the perceptual organization in terms of figure-ground (...)
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  46. Siła spokoju (Michael Oakeshott: Wieża Babel i inne eseje).Michał Warchola - 2000 - Civitas 4 (4):205-212.
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  47.  23
    Learning to Search: From Weak Methods to Domain‐Specific Heuristics.Pat Langley - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (2):217-260.
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  48. Replacing Animal Experiments: Choices, Chances and Challenges.Gill Langley, Tom Evans, Stephen T. Holgate & Anthony Jones - 2007 - Bioessays 29 (9):918-926.
  49.  9
    Até Onde Vai a Religião: Um Estudo Do Elemento Religioso Nos Movimentos da Nova Era.Silas Guerriero - 2014 - Horizonte 12 (35).
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  50.  19
    Czy siła grawitacji działa na odległość?Robert Janusz - 2005 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 37.
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