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  1. added 2020-03-12
    Experienced Wholeness: Integrating Insights From Gestalt Theory, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Predictive Processing. [REVIEW]Adrian Downey - 2020 - Philosophical Psychology 33 (3):469-473.
    Volume 33, Issue 3, April 2020, Page 469-473.
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  2. added 2020-01-29
    Social Objects.Barry Smith - 1999 - Philosophiques 26 (2):315-347.
    One reason for the renewed interest in Austrian philosophy, and especially in the work of Brentano and his followers, turns on the fact that analytic philosophers have become once again interested in the traditional problems of metaphysics. It was Brentano, Husserl, and the philosophers and psychologists whom they influenced, who drew attention to the thorny problem of intentionality, the problem of giving an account of the relation between acts and objects or, more generally, between the psychological environments of cognitive subjects (...)
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  3. added 2020-01-28
    Perceptual objectivity and the limits of perception.Mark Textor - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (5):879-892.
    Common sense takes the physical world to be populated by mind-independent particulars. Why and with what right do we hold this view? Early phenomenologists argue that the common sense view is our natural starting point because we experience objects as mind-independent. While it seems unsurprising that one can perceive an object being red or square, the claim that one can experience an object as mind-independent is controversial. In this paper I will articulate and defend the claim that we can experience (...)
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  4. added 2020-01-19
    Four Theories of Amodal Perception.Bence Nanay - 2007 - Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
    We are aware of those parts of a cat that are occluded behind a fence. The question is how we represent these occluded parts of perceived objects: this is the problem of amodal perception. I will consider four theories and compare their explanatory power: (i) we see them, (ii) we have nonperceptual beliefs about them, (iii) we have immediate perceptual access to them and (iv) we visualize them. I point out that the first three of these views face both empirical (...)
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  5. added 2019-11-22
    Commentary on Bozzi’s Untimely Meditations on the Relation Between Self and Non-Self.Robert M. Kelly & Barry Smith - 2019 - In Ivana Bianchi & Richard Davies (eds.), Paolo Bozzi’s Experimental Phenomenology. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 125-129.
    Independently of whether an object of experience becomes a candidate for being a part of the self or a part of the external world, it is always given to us as just an object of experience. The observer-observed relation can be seen as a type of relation with many instances, both between the self and different objects of experience and between any given object of experience and different selves. The self is situated in a spatial grid, where the latter can (...)
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  6. added 2019-09-19
    Naive Fizyka: Esej w ontologii.Roberto Casati & Barry Smith - 2012 - Science Blog.
    W dziełach Arystotelesa, lub z medievals, jak również w pismach późniejszych zdroworozsądkowe filozofów, takich jak Thomas Reid czy GE Moore’a, możemy znaleźć rodzinę różnych prób uporania się ze strukturami rozsądku i wspólnego -sense świat, który jest nam dany w normalnym, doświadczenie pre-teoretycznym. Będziemy argumentować, co wynika, że ​​teoria takich struktur stanowi ważny i dotychczas niedoceniany związek między wczesnym psychologii Gestalt z jednej strony, oraz współczesnych osiągnięć w filozofii i sztucznej inteligencji badań na innych.
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  7. added 2019-09-15
    Die Gestalten und das Gestalten der Welt.Carlo Ierna - 2017 - In Jutta Valent & Ulf Höfer (eds.), Christian von Ehrenfels: Philosophie – Gestalttheorie – Kunst: Österreichische Ideengeschichte Im Fin de Siècle. De Gruyter. pp. 53-68.
    In seiner Kosmogonie bespricht Ehrenfels den Ursprung, die Entwicklung, und das endgültige Schicksal des Universums: die Gestalt der Welt. Einerseits ist sie ein Kosmos, ein Geschöpf des Ordnungsprinzips, andererseits ein Chaos, als Resultat des Prinzips des Zufalls und der Entropie. Diese beiden komplementären kosmischen Prinzipien generieren die Welt, welche nicht aus einem absichtlichen Willen, sondern einem blinden Gestalten hervorkommt. Nach Ehrenfels, nehmen wir Menschen Teil an dem Gestalten der Welt und so kommt allmählich in und durch uns das Ordnungsprinzip zum (...)
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  8. added 2019-09-05
    Thinking, Experiencing and Rethinking Mereological Interdependence.Michael W. Stadler - 2019 - Gestalt Theory 41 (1):31-46.
    Summary The present article is a partly ontological, partly Gestalt-psychological discussion of the thinkability of structures in which parts and whole are interdependent. In the first section, I show that in the framework of E. Husserl’s formal part–whole ontology, the conceptualization of such an interdependence leads to logical problems. The second section turns to and affirms the experience of this interplay between parts and whole, exemplified with B. Pinna’s recent research on meaningful Gestalt perception. In the final section, I take (...)
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  9. added 2019-08-13
    Gestalt Psychology, Frontloading Phenomenology, and Psychophysics.Uljana Feest - forthcoming - Synthese:1-21.
    In his 1935 book Principles of Gestalt Psychology, Kurt Koffka stated that empirical research in perceptual psychology should begin with “a phenomenological analysis,” which in turn would put constraints on the “true theory.” In this paper, I take this statement as a point of departure to investigate in what sense Gestalt psychologists practiced a phenomenological analysis and how they saw it related to theory construction. I will contextualize the perceptual research in Gestalt psychology vis-a-vis Husserlian phenomenology on the one hand (...)
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  10. added 2019-06-07
    Notizen zu A. F. J. Thibauts PandektenwissenschaftSome notices to Thibaut's science of pandects.Jürgen V. Kempski - 1990 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 21 (2):259-273.
    Some notices to Thibaut's Science of Pandects. For A. F. J. Thibaut, the main concern was a "philosophical" approach to the interpretation and systematization of the positive Roman Law in his time. In his eyes, the object of a subjective right is an action, not a thing or person. Therefore he was cautious not to use abstractions, definitions, and deductions from "dreamt" postulates. Regarding the logical texture of an institute of private law as a "Gestalt", it follows that the "equity (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-07
    Altetruskische Plastik. [REVIEW]F. N. Pryce - 1937 - The Classical Review 51 (5):203-204.
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    Vision, Action, and Make‐Perceive.Robert Eamon Briscoe - 2008 - Mind and Language 23 (4):457-497.
    In this paper, I critically assess the enactive account of visual perception recently defended by Alva Noë (2004). I argue inter alia that the enactive account falsely identifies an object’s apparent shape with its 2D perspectival shape; that it mistakenly assimilates visual shape perception and volumetric object recognition; and that it seriously misrepresents the constitutive role of bodily action in visual awareness. I argue further that noticing an object’s perspectival shape involves a hybrid experience combining both perceptual and imaginative elements (...)
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  13. added 2019-06-06
    Mitchell G. Ash, Gestalt Psychology in German Culture, 1890–1967: Holism and the Quest for Objectivity. Cambridge Studies in the History of Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Pp. Xii + 513. ISBN 0-521-47540-6. £35.00, $54.90. [REVIEW]Martin Kusch - 1996 - British Journal for the History of Science 29 (4):483-486.
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  14. added 2019-06-06
    Structures Versus Sets: The Philosophical Background of Gestalt Psychology.Reinhardt S. Grossman - 1977 - Critica 9 (27):3-21.
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    The problem of experience in the Gestalt Psychology.Lajos SzéAkely - 1959 - Theoria 25 (3):179.
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  16. added 2019-06-06
    Gestalt Psychology and Scholastic Philosophy.Thomas Verner Moore - 1934 - New Scholasticism 8 (1):46-80.
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  17. added 2019-06-06
    Gestalt Psychology and Scholastic Philosophy.Thomas Verner Moore - 1933 - New Scholasticism 7 (4):298-325.
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  18. added 2019-03-10
    Superimposed Mental Imagery: On the Uses of Make-Perceive.Robert Briscoe - 2018 - In Fiona Macpherson & Fabian Dorsch (eds.), Perceptual Imagination and Perceptual Memory. pp. 161-185.
    Human beings have the ability to ‘augment’ reality by superimposing mental imagery on the visually perceived scene. For example, when deciding how to arrange furniture in a new home, one might project the image of an armchair into an empty corner or the image of a painting onto a wall. The experience of noticing a constellation in the sky at night is also perceptual-imaginative amalgam: it involves both seeing the stars in the constellation and imagining the lines that connect them (...)
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  19. added 2018-12-17
    Naive Physics.Barry Smith & Roberto Casati - 1994 - Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):227 – 247.
    The project of a 'naive physics' has been the subject of attention in recent years above all in the artificial intelligence field, in connection with work on common-sense reasoning, perceptual representation and robotics. The idea of a theory of the common-sense world is however much older than this, having its roots not least in the work of phenomenologists and Gestalt psychologists such as K hler, Husserl, Schapp and Gibson. This paper seeks to show how contemporary naive physicists can profit from (...)
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  20. added 2018-11-14
    Ephemeral Vision.Mohan Matthen - 2018 - In Thomas Crowther & Clare Mac Cumhaill (eds.), Perceptual Ephemera. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 312-339.
    Vision is organized around material objects; they are most of what we see. But we also see beams of light, depictions, shadows, reflections, etc. These things look like material objects in many ways, but it is still visually obvious that they are not material objects. This chapter articulates some principles that allow us to understand how we see these ‘ephemera’. H.P. Grice’s definition of seeing is standard in many discussions; here I clarify and augment it with a criterion drawn from (...)
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  21. added 2018-08-07
    Merleau-Ponty’s Immanent Critique of Gestalt Theory.Sheredos Benjamin - 2017 - Human Studies 40 (2):191-215.
    Merleau-Ponty’s appropriation of Gestalt theory in The Structure of Behavior is central to his entire corpus. Yet commentators exhibit little agreement about what lesson is to be learned from his critique, and provide little exegesis of how his argument proceeds. I fill this exegetical gap. I show that the Gestaltist’s fundamental error is to reify forms as transcendent realities, rather than treating them as phenomena of perceptual consciousness. From this, reductivist errors follow. The essay serves not only as a helpful (...)
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  22. added 2018-06-23
    Perceptual objectivity and the limits of perception.Mark Textor - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (5):879-892.
    Common sense takes the physical world to be populated by mind-independent particulars. Why and with what right do we hold this view? Early phenomenologists argue that the common sense view is our natural starting point because we experience objects as mind-independent. While it seems unsurprising that one can perceive an object being red or square, the claim that one can experience an object as mind-independent is controversial. In this paper I will articulate and defend the claim that we can experience (...)
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  23. added 2018-04-06
    Husserlian Ecology.Barry Smith - 2001 - Human Ontology (Kyoto) 7:9-24.
    If mind is a creature of adaptation, then our standard theories of intentionality and of mental representation are in need of considerable revision. For such theories, deriving under Cartesian inspiration from the work of Brentano, Husserl and their followers, are context-free. They conceive the subject of mental experience in isolation from any surrounding physico-biological environment. Husserl sought in his later writings to find room for the surrounding world of human practical experience, and a similar expansion of concerns can be detected (...)
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  24. added 2018-03-29
    Gestalt Psychology.Barry Smith - 1998 - In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. London: Routledge. pp. 51-54.
    The term ‘Gestalt’ was introduced into psychology by the Austrian philosopher Christian von Ehrenfels in an essay entitled “On ‘Gestalt-Qualities’” published in 1890. ‘Gestalt,’ in colloquial German, means roughly: ‘shape’ or ‘structure’ or ‘configuration’, and Ehrenfels demonstrates in his essay that there are certain inherently structural features of experience which need to be acknowledged in addition to simple tones, colours and other mental ‘atoms’ or ‘elements’. His essay thus initiated a reaction against the then still dominant atomism in psychology, a (...)
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  25. added 2018-01-18
    A Perceptual Account of Symbolic Reasoning.David Landy, Colin Allen & Carlos Zednik - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    People can be taught to manipulate symbols according to formal mathematical and logical rules. Cognitive scientists have traditionally viewed this capacity—the capacity for symbolic reasoning—as grounded in the ability to internally represent numbers, logical relationships, and mathematical rules in an abstract, amodal fashion. We present an alternative view, portraying symbolic reasoning as a special kind of embodied reasoning in which arithmetic and logical formulae, externally represented as notations, serve as targets for powerful perceptual and sensorimotor systems. Although symbolic reasoning often (...)
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  26. added 2017-12-07
    A Gestalt-Model of Zettel 608.Richard McDonough - 2016 - Idealistic Studies 46 (2):163-182.
    Most scholars understand para. 608 of Zettel to suggest that language and thought might arise from chaos at the neural centre. However, this contradicts Wittgenstein’s signature view that the philosopher must not advance theories. The paper proposes an alternative model of Z608 based on the Austrian Gestalt-movement that influenced Wittgenstein. Z608 does not suggest that language and thought might arise from chaos in the brain but that they may arise in a different non-causal sense from the “chaos” of activities in (...)
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  27. added 2017-11-24
    A Theory of Austria.Wolfgang Grassl & Barry Smith - 1986 - In Kristof Nyiri (ed.), From Bolzano to Wittgenstein: The Tradition of Austrian Philosophy. Vienna: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky. pp. 11-30.
    The present essay seeks, by way of the Austrian example, to make a contribution to what might be called the philosophy of the supranational state. More specifically, we shall attempt to use certain ideas on the philosophy of Gestalten as a basis for understanding some aspects of that political and cultural phenomenon which was variously called the Austrian Empire, the Habsburg Empire, the Danube Monarchy or Kakanien.
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  28. added 2017-11-01
    Parts and Moments. Studies in Logic and Formal Ontology.Barry Smith (ed.) - 1982 - Philosophia Verlag.
    A collection of material on Husserl's Logical Investigations, and specifically on Husserl's formal theory of parts, wholes and dependence and its influence in ontology, logic and psychology. Includes translations of classic works by Adolf Reinach and Eugenie Ginsberg, as well as original contributions by Wolfgang Künne, Kevin Mulligan, Gilbert Null, Barry Smith, Peter M. Simons, Roger A. Simons and Dallas Willard. Documents work on Husserl's ontology arising out of early meetings of the Seminar for Austro-German Philosophy.
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  29. added 2017-10-30
    The Politics of National Diversity.Wolfgang Grassl & Barry Smith - 1987 - Salisbury Review 5:33--37.
    On the consequences of the interplay between the diversity of ethnic, national, cultural and linguistic groupings in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
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  30. added 2017-10-20
    Representationalism and Perceptual Organization.E. J. Green - 2016 - Philosophical Topics 44 (2):121-148.
    Some philosophers have suggested that certain shifts in perceptual organization are counterexamples to representationalism about phenomenal character. Representationalism about phenomenal character is, roughly, the view that there can be no difference in the phenomenal character of experience without a difference in the representational content of experience. In this paper, I examine three of these alleged counterexamples: the dot array, the intersecting lines, and the 3 X 3 grid. I identify the two features of their phenomenology that call for explanation: grouping (...)
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  31. added 2017-10-18
    Wittgenstein on Seeing Aspects.Arif Ahmed - 2017 - In Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), A Companion to Wittgenstein. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 517-532.
    A resolution must give “seeing it differently” a sense that makes it clear that it is seeing that one is doing differently and not something else that is going on at the same time. The Berlin school of gestalt psychology took the view that alongside the colors and shapes traditionally thought to compose the visual field was a similarly perceptible aspect of “organization”. Wittgenstein considers the possibility of a physiological explanation of aspect change. This chapter details the Wittgenstein's account that (...)
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  32. added 2017-09-30
    Some Reflections on the Relation Between Whitehead's Process Philosophy and Gestalt Psychology.Franz Riffert, Sandra Bröderbauer & Michael Huemer - 2015 - Process Studies 44 (2):164-189.
    Although it is beyond doubt that there were historical connections between Whitehead and some of the proponents of Gestalt psychology, it is difficult to determine on the available body of historical evidence whether they were substantive or just marginal. A detailed comparison of Whitehead's process metaphysics and the theories of Gestalt psychology is a task yet to be undertaken. Whitehead's process philosophy and Gestalt psychology share basic similarities in their major principles. This is substantiated by two of Ehrenfels'well-known gestalt qualities: (...)
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  33. added 2017-09-30
    Mach şi Ehrenfels. Fundamentele teoriei gestaltiste.Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith - 2005 - In C. Stoenescu & I. Tanasescu (eds.), Filosofia Austriacă. Bucharest: Pelican. pp. 262–294.
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  34. added 2017-09-30
    Mathematik als wissenschaft der gestalten.Peter Simons - 1986 - In R. Fabian (ed.), Christian von Ehrenfels: Leben Und Werk. Rodopi. pp. 8--112.
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  35. added 2017-09-17
    Principles of Gestalt Psychology.Kurt Koffka - 1935 - New York: Harcourt, Brace.
    A classical work on Gestalt psychology from a member of the "Berlin School." Discusses perception in relation to the environment, along with action, learning, memory, and socieity.
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  36. added 2017-02-07
    Modern Theories of Gestalt Perception.Stephen E. Palmer - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (4):289-323.
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  37. added 2017-02-07
    Gestalt Psychology. By Wolfgang Köhler, Ph.D. (London: Bell & Sons. 1930. Pp. Xi + 312. Price 15s. Net.).James Drever - 1931 - Philosophy 6 (23):377-.
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  38. added 2017-01-29
    "Aesthetics and the Gestalt." By Ian Rawlins. [REVIEW]E. Rowan Davies - 1954 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 5 (19):270.
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  39. added 2017-01-28
    C. V. Ehrenfels, System der Werttheorie. [REVIEW]J. S. Mackenzie - 1899 - Mind 8:524.
  40. added 2017-01-27
    Philosophical Significance of Gestalt Theory.Izabella Nowakowa - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 88:95-98.
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  41. added 2017-01-27
    Special Issue on Gestalt.Cees van Leeuwen - 1994 - Philosophical Psychology 7 (2).
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  42. added 2017-01-27
    Gestalt Psychology and Meaning.Willis Davis Ellis - 1933 - The Monist 43 (2):299-299.
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  43. added 2017-01-25
    The Legacy of Max Wertheimer and Gestalt Psychology.D. King, Michael Wertheimer, Heidi Keller & Kevin Crochetiere - 1994 - Social Research 61:907-936.
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  44. added 2017-01-25
    Animal Motility: Gestalt or Piecemeal Assembly.Paul Leyhausen - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):282-282.
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  45. added 2017-01-25
    The Speculations of Leeper with Respect to the Iowa Tests of the Sign-Gestalt Theory of Learning.Kenneth W. Spence & Howard H. Kendler - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):106-109.
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  46. added 2017-01-25
    Dr. Metzger on "Gestalt Und Kontrast".J. G. Jenkins - 1933 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (1):175-176.
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  47. added 2017-01-22
    Relatedness and Gestalt.Wolfgang Kretschmer - 1974 - Philosophy and History 7 (2):169-170.
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  48. added 2017-01-21
    Gestalt Psychology.Maxwell Garnett - 1943 - Philosophy 18 (69):37 - 49.
    The aim of psychology is first of all to describe how we think, or the flow of our consciousness, and then to sum up the facts in terms of principles, generalizations, or “laws” which “govern” our thinking. These laws must enable us to foretell what a man will think and how he will act when we know his environment and the state of his thought at any given moment, provided that no unforeseeable exercise of free will intervenes. Psychology has also (...)
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  49. added 2017-01-20
    Double Trouble for Gestalt Bubbles.Dan Lloyd - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):417-418.
    The “Gestalt Bubble” model of Lehar is not supported by the evidence offered. The author invalidly concludes that spatial properties in experience entail an explicit volumetric spatial representation in the brain. The article also exaggerates the extent to which phenomenology reveals a completely three-dimensional scene in perception.
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  50. added 2017-01-20
    Gestalt Isomorphism and the Primacy of the Subjective Perceptual Experience.Steven Lehar - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):763-764.
    The Gestalt principle of isomorphism reveals the primacy of subjective experience as a valid source of evidence for the information encoded neurophysiologically. This theory invalidates the abstractionist view that the neurophysiological representation can be of lower dimensionality than the percept to which it gives rise.
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