Search results for 'social institution' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  11
    Virgile Chassagnon (2014). Toward a Social Ontology of the Firm: Reconstitution, Organizing Entity, Institution, Social Emergence and Power. Journal of Business Ethics 124 (2):197-208.
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  2. Krista Bondy, Jeremy Moon & Dirk Matten (2012). An Institution of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Multi-National Corporations (MNCs): Form and Implications. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 111 (2):281-299.
    This article investigates corporate social responsibility (CSR) as an institution within UK multi-national corporations (MNCs). In the context of the literature on the institutionalization of CSR and on critical CSR, it presents two main findings. First, it contributes to the CSR mainstream literature by confirming that CSR has not only become institutionalized in society but that a form of this institution is also present within MNCs. Secondly, it contributes to the critical CSR literature by suggesting that unlike (...)
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  3.  8
    Alain Lapointe & Corinne Gendron (2006). Developing Critical Thinking About the Role of Business as a Private Social Institution. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:307-312.
    Teaching business ethics and corporate social responsibility should neither be misconstrued as a plea for moral rectitude, nor as a limited utilitarian recipe for managing public interest issues or stakeholders — as it too often is. Rather, teaching CSR should allow students to recognize corporations as social institutions so that they can gauge their impact on a social scale and better weigh the values that inform them.However, this vision of CSR training has not found many supporters in (...)
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  4. Fred D'Agostino (1995). Social Science as a Social Institution: Neutrality and the Politics of Social Research. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (3):396-405.
    Philosophy of Social Science, that social scientific investigations do not and cannot meet the liberal requirement of "neutrality" most familiar to social scientists in the form of Max Weber's requirement of value-freedom. He argues, moreover, that this is for "institutional," not idiosyncratic, reasons: methodological demands (e.g., of validity) impel social scientists to pass along into their "objective" investigations the values of the people, groups, and cultures they are studying. In this paper, I consider the implications of (...)
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  5.  3
    D. Roche (2000). [Electricity and the social institution of science: thoughts for a conclusion]. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (1):99-114.
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  6.  98
    Michael A. Bishop (2002). The Theory Theory Thrice Over: The Child as Scientist, Superscientist, or Social Institution? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 33 (1):121-36.
    Alison Gopnik and Andrew Meltzoff have argued for a view they call the ‘theory theory’: theory change in science and children are similar. While their version of the theory theory has been criticized for depending on a number of disputed claims, we argue that there is a fundamental problem which is much more basic: the theory theory is multiply ambiguous. We show that it might be claiming that a similarity holds between theory change in children and (i) individual scientists, (ii) (...)
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  7.  24
    Ron Sun & Isaac Naveh (2007). Social Institution, Cognition, and Survival: A Cognitive–Social Simulation. Mind and Society 6 (2):115-142.
    Although computational models of cognitive agents that incorporate a wide range of cognitive functionalities have been developed in cognitive science, most of the work in social simulation still assumes rudimentary cognition on the part of the agents. In contrast, in this work, the interaction of cognition and social structures/processes is explored, through simulating survival strategies of tribal societies. The results of the simulation demonstrate interactions between cognitive and social factors. For example, we show that cognitive capabilities and (...)
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  8. A. M. & M. S. (2002). The Theory Theory Thrice Over: The Child as Scientist, Superscientist or Social Institution? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):117-132.
    Alison Gopnik and Andrew Meltzoff have argued for a view they call the 'theory theory': theory change in science and children are similar. While their version of the theory theory has been criticized for depending on a number of disputed claims, we argue that there is a fundamental problem which is much more basic: the theory theory is multiply ambiguous. We show that it might be claiming that a similarity holds between theory change in children and (i) individual scientists, (ii) (...)
     
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  9.  1
    Kurt Mayer (1947). Small Business as a Social Institution. Social Research 14:332-349.
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  10.  30
    Richard J. Sclafani (1973). Art as a Social Institution: Dickie's New Definition. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 32 (1):111-114.
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  11.  2
    Michael A. Bishop & Stephen M. Downes (2002). The Theory Theory Thrice Over: The Child as Scientist, Superscientist or Social Institution? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):117-132.
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  12.  18
    Peter Harder (2003). The Status of Linguistic Facts: Rethinking the Relation Between Cognition, Social Institution and Utterance From a Functional Point of View. Mind and Language 18 (1):52–76.
  13.  2
    Daniel Roche (2001). Électricité Et Institution Sociale de la Science. Réflexions Pour Une Conclusion/Electricity and the Social Institution of Science. Thoughts for a Conclusion. [REVIEW] Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (1):99-114.
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  14.  7
    Joseph Agassi (1971). Positive Evidence as a Social Institution. Philosophia 1 (3-4):143-157.
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  15. Wolfgang Prinz (2006). Free Will as a Social Institution. In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? MIT Press 257-276.
  16.  2
    Daniel Lord Smail (2001). Hatred as a Social Institution in Late-Medieval Society. Speculum 76 (1):90-126.
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  17. Ramona Cormier (1977). Art as a Social Institution. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 58 (2):161.
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  18. Gerard L. DeGré (1955). Science as a Social Institution. Garden City, N.Y.,Doubleday.
     
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  19. Gerard L. Degré (1955). Science as a Social Institution an Introduction to the Sociology of Science. Doubleday.
     
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  20. Mark Graubard (1943). War as a Social Institution by Jesse D. Clarkson; Thomas C. Cochran. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 34:422-422.
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  21. Michael H. Mitias (1975). Art as a Social Institution. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 56 (3):330.
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  22.  15
    Christopher Mayes (2012). On the Importance of the Institution and Social Self in a Sociology of Conflicts of Interest. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry (Browse Results) 9 (2):217-218.
    On the Importance of the Institution and Social Self in a Sociology of Conflicts of Interest Content Type Journal Article Category Case Studies Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11673-012-9355-1 Authors Christopher Mayes, Rock Ethics Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, 201 Willard Building, University Park, PA 16802-1601, USA Journal Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Online ISSN 1872-4353 Print ISSN 1176-7529.
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  23.  4
    Mikael Dubois (2007). The Individual or the Institution? Ethics and Behavioural Responses to Social Insurance. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (3):316–328.
    abstract Individuals tend to change their behaviour as a response to insurance. Such behavioural responses to insurance are commonly seen as ethically and morally problematic. This is especially true of effects on behaviour from social insurance. These effects have been seen as an ethical problem, associated with irresponsibility, fraud and an immoral character. This article discusses the relevance of four different types of reasons for claims that behavioural responses to social insurance are immoral. These reasons are independent reasons (...)
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  24.  49
    Michelle M. Martel (2009). The Ethics of Psychology's Role in Politics and the Development and Institution of Social Policy. Ethics and Behavior 19 (2):103 – 111.
    The relationship between psychological research and the development of social policy is controversial, as is any discussion of the role of values and morals within science. Three particular instances of this controversy are evident in psychological research conducted on affirmative action, child abuse, and abortion. The American Psychological Association (APA) in fact takes a particular organizational stance on these issues. APA's Ethics Code provides some guidelines for dealing with issues of personal values as they impact psychological research and the (...)
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  25. Jeffrey C. Alexander (2009). Social Subjectivity: Psychotherapy as Central Institution. Thesis Eleven 96 (1):128-134.
  26.  64
    Paul Raymond Harrison (1991). The Interpretative Institution of Society: On Arnason's Social Theory. Thesis Eleven 30 (1):148-160.
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  27.  3
    Sara Bice (forthcoming). Corporate Social Responsibility as Institution: A Social Mechanisms Framework. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  28.  2
    Michael Greer (1999). Social Constructivism and the Institution of the School. Educational Philosophy and Theory 31 (1):77–86.
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  29. Christopher Mayes (2012). On the Importance of the Institution and Social Self in a Sociology of Conflicts of Interest. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):217-218.
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  30. John Forge (2000). Moral Responsibility and the 'Ignorant Scientist'. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (3):341-349.
    The question whether a scientist can be responsible for an outcome of her work which she does not foresee, and so is ignorant of, is addressed. It is argued that ignorance can be a ground for the attribution of responsibility, on condition that there are general principles, rules or norms, that the subject should be aware of. It is maintained that there are such rules which inform the practice of science as a social institution.
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  31.  4
    John E. Ataguba & Gavin Mooney (2011). A Communitarian Approach to Public Health. Health Care Analysis 19 (2):154-164.
    This paper argues that there is a need to move yet further than has already been suggested by some from the individual to the collective as a base for public health. A communitarian approach is one way to achieve this. This has the advantage of allowing not only the community’s voice to have a say in setting the values for public health but also more formally the development of a constitution on which public health might then be built. It also (...)
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  32.  1
    Vytautas Šlapkauskas (2009). The Impact of Commercialized Democracy. Jurisprudence 118 (4):265-284.
    The present article aims to show the effects that the coalescence of liberal democracy and globalisation has on the law as a social institution. The law as a social institution is one of the key foundations for the social integration of modern society, which is why we may suggest a reasonable assumption that the role of the law in modern Western societies should be growing in significance. However, the coalescence of liberal democracy and globalisation is (...)
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  33.  59
    Javier Aranzadi (2013). The Natural Link Between Virtue Ethics and Political Virtue: The Morality of the Market. Journal of Business Ethics 118 (3):487-496.
    Against the idea that market economy is something greedy and immoral, we will set out the idea that market economy based on firms has a very positive moral content: the possibility of excellence of human action. Firms based on people acting together, sharing the culture of the organization, toward virtue-based ethics, create and distribute most of the economy’s wealth, innovate, trade and raise living standards. We will present a criterion which states that social coordination improves if the process of (...)
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  34.  4
    Barry Barnes (2016). On The Social Construction of Reality: Reflections on a Missed Opportunity. Human Studies 39 (1):113-125.
    The paper recalls my response to Berger’s and Luckmann’s book on reading it shortly after its initial publication. It seeks to convey why it was that I failed to make use of the book at that time, even though I recognised it as an outstanding contribution to my intended field of research, and how later I came to see that this may have been a lost opportunity. The story touches upon diverse important issues including the relationship between epistemology and the (...)
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  35.  6
    Evan Simpson (1970). Social Norms and Aberrations: Violence and Some Related Social Facts. Ethics 81 (1):22-35.
    For any group there is a point beyond which the accumulation of acts of violence, cruelty, or even rudeness, implies disintegration. By a series of small and plausible transitions this putative empirical generalization may be transformed into a statement about the normative attitudes of persons in stable groups. The generalization may in the first place be more strongly construed as a statement of law governing any society. The weakening of bonds between persons implied by the prevalence of behavior of the (...)
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  36.  61
    Jennifer McWeeny (2016). The Metaphysics of Social Justice: Coalitional Activism at the Intersections of Sexism, Racism, and Heterosexism. In Cantice Greene (ed.), Teaching Women's Studies in Conservative Contexts: Considering Perspectives for an Inclusive Dialogue. Routledge 69-87.
    On February 3, 2010, a group of John Carroll University students and alumni walked onto the basketball court during halftime at a “Jesuit Spotlight” basketball game and remained seated there, holding rainbow flags and singing together, in protest against the University’s failure to adequately protect LGBTQ students and faculty members from harm and discrimination. This moment marked the beginning of a student-led activist campaign lasting many months whose explicit goal was to have John Carroll University change its Equal Employment Opportunity (...)
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  37.  7
    Antonio Argandoña, Carlos M. Moreno & Joan M. Solà (2009). Social Responsibility and Social Security: The Foundation of Caja de Pensiones Para la Vejez y de Ahorros. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (3):319 - 332.
    The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is not new. Many entrepreneurs created and developed companies along the time, with a strong sense of ethical and social responsibility. This article presents an example of how CSR was conceived and put into practice when Caja de Pensiones para la Vejez y de Ahorros was created in Barcelona in 1905, following the life and ideas of its founder, Francesc Moragas, a lawyer with a deep commitment for social action and (...)
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  38.  1
    Alex C. Michalos (2010). The Monster of Supercapitalism. Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):37 - 48.
    Among other interesting claims made in Robert Reich's 2007 treatise, Supercapitalism, it is asserted in various ways that proponents of corporate social responsibility (CSR) or what I would call 'business ethics' are engaged in relatively unproductive exercises. Their resources would be better used if they undertook the hard work of engagement in democratic political processes leading to legislation that would force corporations to pursue the public interest as well as their own. In this article, I summarize some of Reich's (...)
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  39.  2
    Arto Laitinen (2011). Recognition, Acknowledgement, and Acceptance. In Heikki Ikäheimo & Arto Laitinen (eds.), Recognition and Social Ontology. Brill 309-347.
    In this chapter I distinguish between a) recognition of persons, b) normative acknowledgement and c) institution-creating acceptance. All of these go beyond a fourth, merely descriptive sense of the word “recognition,” namely identification or re-identification of something as something. I distinguish four aspects of "taking someone as a person": R1 A Belief that the other is a person, and can engage in agency-regarding relations.R2 Moral Opinion that the choice whether and when to engage with persons is ethically significant.R3 Willingness (...)
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  40.  1
    Martien Pijnenburg (2002). Humane Healthcare as a Theme for Social Ethics. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (3):245-252.
    The concept of ‘humane healthcare’ cannot and may not be limited to a personal virtue. For elucidating its meaning and making it functional as a critical ethical criterion for healthcare as a social institution, it is necessary to reflect on the social, cultural, and historical conditions in which modern healthcare finds its offspring and its further development. Doing this is the object and aim of social ethics. Social ethics in itself covers a broad area of (...)
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  41. Michael Humphreys & Andrew D. Brown (2008). An Analysis of Corporate Social Responsibility at Credit Line: A Narrative Approach. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 80 (3):403 - 418.
    This article presents the results of an inductive, interpretive case study. We have adopted a narrative approach to the analysis of organizational processes in order to explore how individuals in a financial institution dealt with relatively novel issues of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The narratives that we reconstruct, which we label 'idealism and altruism', 'economics and expedience' and 'ignorance and cynicism' illustrate how people in the specific organizational context of a bank ('Credit Line') sought to cope with an (...)
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  42.  35
    Nelarine Cornelius, James Wallace & Rana Tassabehji (2007). An Analysis of Corporate Social Responsibility, Corporate Identity and Ethics Teaching in Business Schools. Journal of Business Ethics 76 (1):117 - 135.
    Recent events have raised concerns about the ethical standards of public and private organisations, with some attention falling on business schools as providers of education and training to managers and senior executives. This paper investigates the nature of, motivation and commitment to, ethics tuition provided by the business schools. Using content analysis of their institutional and home websites, we appraise their corporate identity, level of engagement in socially responsible programmes, degree of social inclusion, and the relationship to their ethics (...)
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  43.  3
    David S. Conner, Noelle Sevoian, Sarah N. Heiss & Linda Berlin (2014). The Diverse Values and Motivations of Vermont Farm to Institution Supply Chain Actors. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (5):695-713.
    Farm to institution (FTI) efforts aim to increase the amount of locally produced foods, typically fruits and vegetables, served by institutions such as schools, colleges, hospitals, senior meal sites, and correctional facilities. Scholars have cited these efforts as contributing to public health and community-based food systems goals. Prior research has found that relationships based on shared values have played a critical role in motivating and sustaining FTI efforts. We review previous studies, discussing values that motivate participation, and affect practices (...)
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  44.  18
    Peter Wagner (2001). A History and Theory of the Social Sciences: Not All That is Solid Melts Into Air. Sage.
    Divided into two parts this book examines the train of social theory from the 19th century, through to the `organization of modernity', in relation to ideas of social planning, and as contributors to the `rationalistic revolution' of the `golden age' of capitalism in the 1950s and 60s. Part two examines key concepts in the social sciences. It begins with some of the broadest concepts used by social scientists: choice, decision, action and institution and moves on (...)
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  45.  7
    Antonio Argandoña, Carlos M. Moreno & Joan M. Solà (2009). Corporate Social Responsibility in the First Years of Caja de Pensiones Para la Vejez y de Ahorros. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (3):333 - 346.
    When Caja de Pensiones para la Vejez y de Ahorros, "la Caixa," was created in 1905, it was not only the transient response to a serious social, political, and economical problem, but also provided a permanent solution by creating a long-lasting social welfare institution. In addition, its founder understood the responsibility of social welfare institutions not as an isolated responsibility for each institution, but as part of a harmonious whole that is a real moral entity (...)
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  46.  41
    Guido Boella & Leendert van der Torre (2007). The Ontological Properties of Social Roles in Multi-Agent Systems: Definitional Dependence, Powers and Roles Playing Roles. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (3):201-221.
    In this paper we address the problem of defining social roles in multi-agent systems. Social roles provide the basic structure of social institutions and organizations. We start from the properties attributed to roles both in the multi-agent systems and the Object Oriented community, and we use them in an ontological analysis of the notion of social role. We identify three main properties of social roles. First, they are definitionally dependent on the institution they belong (...)
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  47.  3
    Lisa Herzog (forthcoming). No Company is an Island. Sector-Related Responsibilities as Elements of Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics.
    In this paper, I analyze the moral responsibili- ties that companies have with regard to the development of their sector, especially when there are path dependences that can lead sectors on more or less morally accept- able paths, e.g., with regard to market access for disad- vantaged groups. The interdependencies between companies in a sector are underexplored in the literature on corporate social responsibility (CSR). Reflections on the normative status of profit-seeking and on the normative bases of CSR, however, (...)
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  48.  1
    Kevin Wm Wildes (2002). Bioethics as Social Philosophy. Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):113-125.
    When many people think of bioethics, they think of gripping issues in clinical medicine such as end-of-life decision-making, controversies in biomedical research such as that over work with stem cells, or issues in allocating scarce health-care resources such as organs or money. The term “bioethics” may evoke images of moral controversies being discussed on news programs and talk shows. But this “controversy of the day” focus often treats ethical issues in medicine superficially, for it addresses them as if they could (...)
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  49.  9
    Vitaliy Biletskyy (2013). Соціально-Філософські Аспекти У Творах Григорія Сковороди. Схід 3 (3(110)):132-134.
    In article, author exploring the works of Gregory Skovoroda, which include a social philosophical aspects. The problems of society structure, optimization of social relations considered.
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  50.  22
    Katinka de Wet (2010). The Importance of Ethical Appraisal in Social Science Research: Reviewing a Faculty of Humanities' Research Ethics Committee. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (4):301-314.
    Research Ethics Committees or Institutional Review Boards are rapidly becoming indispensable mechanisms in the overall workings of university institutions. In fact, the ethical dimension is an important aspect of research governance processes present in institutions of higher learning. However, it is often deemed that research in the social sciences do not require ethical appraisal or clearance, because of the alleged absence of harm in conducting such research. This is an erroneous and dangerous assumption given that research in social (...)
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