Results for 'Brooke Myers'

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  1.  18
    Revisiting Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorders.Jessica de Villiers, Brooke Myers & Robert J. Stainton - 2013 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):253-269.
    In a 2007 paper, we argued that speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders exhibit pragmatic abilities which are surprising given the usual understanding of communication in that group. That is, it is commonly reported that people diagnosed with an ASD have trouble with metaphor, irony, conversational implicature and other non-literal language. This is not a matter of trouble with knowledge and application of rules of grammar. The difficulties lie, rather, in successful communicative interaction. Though we did find pragmatic errors within literal (...)
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  2.  16
    Revisiting Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Follow-Up Study with Controls.Jessica de Villiers, Brooke Myers & Robert J. Stainton - 2013 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):253-269.
    In a 2007 paper, we argued that speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders exhibit pragmatic abilities which are surprising given the usual understanding of communication in that group. That is, it is commonly reported that people diagnosed with an ASD have trouble with metaphor, irony, conversational implicature and other non-literal language. This is not a matter of trouble with knowledge and application of rules of grammar. The difficulties lie, rather, in successful communicative interaction. Though we did find pragmatic errors within literal (...)
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  3. The Vivisection Problem, a Controversy Between C.S. Myers and A. Leffingwell.Charles Samuel Myers & Albert Leffingwell - 1907
     
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  4. Donald Davidson’s Triangulation Argument: A Philosophical Inquiry.Robert H. Myers & Claudine Verheggen - 2016 - Routledge.
    According to many commentators, Davidson’s earlier work on philosophy of action and truth-theoretic semantics is the basis for his reputation, and his later forays into broader metaphysical and epistemological issues, and eventually into what became known as the triangulation argument, are much less successful. This book by two of his former students aims to change that perception. In Part One, Verheggen begins by providing an explanation and defense of the triangulation argument, then explores its implications for questions concerning semantic normativity (...)
     
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  5.  7
    “Against Method” and “Anything Goes”? A Critical Discussion Based on the “Strange Ideas From Paul Feyerabend on Whether Epistemological Anarchy Can Benefit is Research.Horst Treiblmaier, Andrew Burton-Jones, Shirley Gregor, Rudy Hirschheim, Michael Myers & Tom Stafford - unknown
    In this panel six IS researchers from varying backgrounds will discuss whether epistemological anarchy, as proposed by the controversial philosopher Paul Feyerabend, has the potential to foster research progress and can help to create new insights in the IS field. Feyerabend is well known for his notion that "anything goes" in terms of methodology, and many scholars are concerned that this seemingly anarchistic sentiment can undermine efforts to systematically build and structure an epistemological and methodological foundation for an academic discipline. (...)
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  6. Slavoj Žižek.Tony Myers - 2003 - Routledge.
    Slavoj Zizek is no ordinary philosopher. Approaching critical theory and psychoanalysis in a recklessly entertaining fashion, Zizek's critical eye alights upon a bewildering and exhilarating range of subjects, from the political apathy of contemporary life, to a joke about the man who thinks he's a chicken, from the ethicial heroism of Keanu Reeves in speed , to what toilet designs reveal about the national psyche. Tony Myers provides a clear and engaging guide to Zizek's key ideas, explaining the main (...)
     
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  7. Notes on the Just War Theory: Whose Justice, Which Wars?Robert J. Myers - 1996 - Ethics and International Affairs 10:115–130.
    Dr. Myers challenges the legitimacy of the traditional concept of the "just war," revived during the Vietnam War and with the publication of Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars in 1977.
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  8.  9
    Self-Governance and Cooperation.Liam Murphy & Robert H. Myers - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):609.
    Self-Governance and Cooperation offers solutions to two fundamental problems in moral philosophy, one concerning the nature and requirements of morality and the other the nature and requirements of practical reason. Robert Myers’s achievement is not just that his solutions are original and plausible, but that his arguments acknowledge and demonstrate the need to approach the problems as an inseparable pair. Philosophical tradition tells us that questions about the content of morality cannot be answered in isolation from questions about its (...)
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  9.  67
    Hans Morgenthau's Realism and American Foreign Policy.Robert J. Myers - 1997 - Ethics and International Affairs 11:253–270.
    Analyzing Morgenthau's Politics Among Nations, Myers provides a point-by-point discussion of his theory, concluding that the relevance of realism will be seen particularly in the search for a new balance of power in the post-Cold War world.
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  10.  17
    The End of the Hermit Kingdom.Robert J. Myers - 1988 - Ethics and International Affairs 2:99–114.
    The election of Roh Tae Woo marked the beginning of a new stage in Korean politics: "the period of Korean-style democracy." Myers follows events leading up to this change and predicts a less threatening, less Confucian politics for the Korea of the future.
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  11.  19
    The Carnegie Poll on Values in American Foreign Policy.Robert J. Myers - 1989 - Ethics and International Affairs 3:297–301.
    In a brief summary of a poll conducted by the Carnegie Council, Myers outlines the American public's views on issues ranging from foreign policy/peace issues to economic security, defense, and human rights.
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  12. Resisting History: Historicism and its Discontents in German-Jewish Thought.David N. Myers - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    Nineteenth-century European thought, especially in Germany, was increasingly dominated by a new historicist impulse to situate every event, person, or text in its particular context. At odds with the transcendent claims of philosophy and--more significantly--theology, historicism came to be attacked by its critics for reducing human experience to a series of disconnected moments, each of which was the product of decidedly mundane, rather than sacred, origins. By the late nineteenth century and into the Weimar period, historicism was seen by many (...)
     
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  13.  19
    Self Governance and Cooperation.Robert H. Myers - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism. He puts forward a radically new case for the existence of both agent-neutral and agent-relative values, and gives an innovative answer to the question how such disparate values can be weighed against each other. The result is a theory of morality which combines a balanced account of its content with a ringing affirmation of its authority.
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  14. Self-Governance & Cooperation.Robert H. Myers - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):498-501.
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism, portraying morality not simply as a matter of promoting the overall good but rather as a matter of cooperating in its promotion. This gives him answers to two of the most vexing questions in moral philosophy: how can increasing general welfare and respecting individual rights be equally fundamental features of moral activity, and what gives morality's demands their special character of inescapability?
     
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  15. Worldly Ethics: Democratic Politics and Care for the World.Ella Myers - 2013 - Duke University Press.
    What is the spirit that animates collective action? What is the ethos of democracy? _Worldly Ethics _offers a powerful and original response to these questions, arguing that associative democratic politics, in which citizens join together and struggle to shape shared conditions, requires a world-centered ethos. This distinctive ethos, Ella Myers shows, involves care for "worldly things," which are the common and contentious objects of concern around which democratic actors mobilize. In articulating the meaning of worldly ethics, she reveals the (...)
     
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  16.  71
    Ethics Consultation in United States Hospitals: A National Survey.Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert A. Pearlman - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):13 – 25.
    Context: Although ethics consultation is commonplace in United States (U.S.) hospitals, descriptive data about this health service are lacking. Objective: To describe the prevalence, practitioners, and processes of ethics consultation in U.S. hospitals. Design: A 56-item phone or questionnaire survey of the "best informant" within each hospital. Participants: Random sample of 600 U.S. general hospitals, stratified by bed size. Results: The response rate was 87.4%. Ethics consultation services (ECSs) were found in 81% of all general hospitals in the U.S., and (...)
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  17.  47
    An Opportunity Cost Model of Subjective Effort and Task Performance.Robert Kurzban, Angela Duckworth, Joseph W. Kable & Justus Myers - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):661-679.
    Why does performing certain tasks cause the aversive experience of mental effort and concomitant deterioration in task performance? One explanation posits a physical resource that is depleted over time. We propose an alternative explanation that centers on mental representations of the costs and benefits associated with task performance. Specifically, certain computational mechanisms, especially those associated with executive function, can be deployed for only a limited number of simultaneous tasks at any given moment. Consequently, the deployment of these computational mechanisms carries (...)
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  18.  44
    Towards an Understanding of Ethical Behaviour in Small Firms.S. Vyakarnam, Andrew R. Bailey, A. Myers & D. Burnett - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (15):1625-1636.
    Allthough small business accounts for over 90% of businesses in U.K. and indeed elsewhere, they remain the largely uncharted area of ethics. There has not been any research based on the perspective of small business owners, to define what echical delemmas they face and how, if at all, they resolve them. This paper explores ethics from the perspective of small business owner, using focus groups and reports on four clearly identifiable themes of ethical delemmas; entrepreneurial activity itself, conflicts of personal (...)
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  19.  17
    Philosophic Pride: Stoicism and Political Thought From Lipsius to Rousseau.Christopher Brooke - 2012 - Princeton University Press.
    Surveying this large field with more amplitude and exactitude than anything else on offer, this book will be important for scholars of the humanities and specialists.
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  20. Interactive Team Cognition.Nancy J. Cooke, Jamie C. Gorman, Christopher W. Myers & Jasmine L. Duran - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (2):255-285.
    Cognition in work teams has been predominantly understood and explained in terms of shared cognition with a focus on the similarity of static knowledge structures across individual team members. Inspired by the current zeitgeist in cognitive science, as well as by empirical data and pragmatic concerns, we offer an alternative theory of team cognition. Interactive Team Cognition (ITC) theory posits that (1) team cognition is an activity, not a property or a product; (2) team cognition should be measured and studied (...)
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  21. Index.Christopher Brooke - 2012 - In Philosophic Pride: Stoicism and Political Thought From Lipsius to Rousseau. Princeton University Press. pp. 273-280.
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  22.  19
    Emotional Information Processing in Repressors: The Vigilance–Avoidance Theory.Nazanin Derakshan, Michael W. Eysenck & Lynn B. Myers - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (8):1585-1614.
  23.  33
    Word-Level Information Influences Phonetic Learning in Adults and Infants.Naomi H. Feldman, Emily B. Myers, Katherine S. White, Thomas L. Griffiths & James L. Morgan - 2013 - Cognition 127 (3):427-438.
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  24.  16
    Jung and Phenomenology.Roger Brooke - 1993 - Routledge.
    Anyone with a serious interest in analytical psychology or existential phenomenology will need to take account of this book.
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  25.  29
    Visual Working Memory Resources Are Best Characterized as Dynamic, Quantifiable Mnemonic Traces.Bella Z. Veksler, Rachel Boyd, Christopher W. Myers, Glenn Gunzelmann, Hansjörg Neth & Wayne D. Gray - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (1):83-101.
    Visual working memory is a construct hypothesized to store a small amount of accurate perceptual information that can be brought to bear on a task. Much research concerns the construct's capacity and the precision of the information stored. Two prominent theories of VWM representation have emerged: slot-based and continuous-resource mechanisms. Prior modeling work suggests that a continuous resource that varies over trials with variable capacity and a potential to make localization errors best accounts for the empirical data. Questions remain regarding (...)
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  26. 8 Darwin and Victorian Christianity.John Hedley Brooke - 2003 - In J. Hodges & Gregory Radick (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Darwin. Cambridge University Press.
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  27. Laws Impressed on Matter by the Creator'? : The Origin and the Question of Religion.John Hedley Brooke - 2009 - In Michael Ruse & Robert J. Richards (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the "Origin of Species". Cambridge University Press.
     
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  28. The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology.J. H. Brooke, F. Watts & R. R. Manning (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford Up.
  29. Zika Virus: Can Artificial Contraception Be Condoned?Marvin J. H. Lee, Ravi S. Edara, Peter A. Clark & Andrew T. Myers - 2016 - Internet Journal of Infectious Diseases 15 (1).
    As the Zika virus pandemic continues to bring worry and fear to health officials and medical scientists, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) have recommended that residents of the Zika-infected countries, e.g., Brazil, and those who have traveled to the area should delay having babies which may involve artificial contraceptive, particularly condom. This preventive policy, however, is seemingly at odds with the Roman Catholic Church’s position on the contraceptive. As least since the promulgation of (...)
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  30.  20
    Model Flexibility Analysis.Vladislav D. Veksler, Christopher W. Myers & Kevin A. Gluck - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (4):755-769.
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  31.  32
    William James: His LIfe and Thought.Gerald Myers - 1986 - Yale University Press.
  32. Fundamentals of Experimental Design.Jerome L. Myers - 1972 - Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  33. Moral Progress: A Process Critique of MacIntyre (Review).William T. Myers - 2001 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 15 (3):253-256.
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  34.  32
    Natural Theology and the Plurality of Worlds: Observations on the Brewster-Whewell Debate.John Hedley Brooke - 1977 - Annals of Science 34 (3):221-286.
    Summary The object of this study is to analyse certain aspects of the debate between David Brewster and William Whewell concerning the probability of extra-terrestrial life, in order to illustrate the nature, constitution and condition of natural theology in the decades immediately preceding the publication in 1859 of Charles Darwin's Origin of species. The argument is directed against a stylised picture of natural theology which has been drawn from a backward projection of the Darwinian antithesis between natural selection and certain (...)
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  35.  14
    Creativity in Medical Education: The Value of Having Medical Students Make Stuff.Michael J. Green, Kimberly Myers, Katie Watson, M. K. Czerwiec, Dan Shapiro & Stephanie Draus - 2016 - Journal of Medical Humanities 37 (4).
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  36.  12
    The Resonant Dynamics of Speech Perception: Interword Integration and Duration-Dependent Backward Effects.Stephen Grossberg & Christopher W. Myers - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (4):735-767.
  37.  87
    Computational Models of the Hippocampal Region: Linking Incremental Learning and Episodic Memory.Mark A. Gluck, Martijn Meeter & Catherine E. Myers - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (6):269-276.
  38.  32
    Resisting Foucauldian Ethics: Associative Politics and the Limits of the Care of the Self.Ella Myers - 2008 - Contemporary Political Theory 7 (2):125-146.
    This paper examines one strand of the ‘turn to ethics’ in recent political theory by engaging with Michel Foucault's late work on ‘the care of the self.’ For contemporary thinkers interested in how democratic politics might be guided, informed, or vivified by particular ethical orientations, Foucault's inquiry into ancient ethics has proved intriguing. Might concentrated ‘work on the self’ contribute to efforts to resist and remake present-day power relations? This paper endeavors to raise doubts about the Foucauldian inspired view, which (...)
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  39.  7
    Ethics Consultation in US Hospitals: A National Survey.Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert A. Pearlman - forthcoming - Bioethics.
  40.  20
    Neonatal Male Circumcision, If Not Already Commonplace, Would Be Plainly Unacceptable by Modern Ethical Standards.Alex Myers - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (2):54-55.
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  41.  28
    The Silent Majority: Who Speaks at IRB Meetings.Philip J. Candilis, Charles W. Lidz, Paul S. Appelbaum, Robert M. Arnold, William P. Gardner, Suzanne Myers, Albert J. Grudzinskas Jr & Lorna J. Simon - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (4):15-20.
    Institutional review boards are almost universally considered to be overworked and understaffed. They also require substantial commitments of time and resources from their members. Although some surveys report average IRB memberships of 15 people or more, federal regulations require only five. We present data on IRB meetings at eight of the top 25 academic medical centers in the United States funded by the National Institutes of Health. These data indicate substantial contributions from primary reviewers and chairs during protocol discussions but (...)
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  42.  34
    Game as Paradox: A Rebuttal of Suits.David Myers - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 39 (1):155-168.
    Here I examine Bernard Suits?s definition of games and explain why that definition is in need of reference to representation or, put more generally, to semiosis. And, once admitting the necessity of the representational in games, Suits?s definition must also then admit the essential paradoxy of games.
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  43. New York Branch of the American Psychological Association.Robert A. Cummins, G. C. Myers, E. L. Cornell, A. I. Gates & A. T. Poffenberger - 1918 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15 (5):130-134.
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  44. Preface.Christopher Brooke - 2012 - In Philosophic Pride: Stoicism and Political Thought From Lipsius to Rousseau. Princeton University Press.
     
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  45. Unbounded Entropy in Spacetimes with Positive Cosmological Constant.Raphael Bousso, Oliver DeWolfe & Robert C. Myers - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (2):297-321.
    In theories of gravity with a positive cosmological constant, we consider product solutions with flux, of the form (A)dS p ×S q . Most solutions are shown to be perturbatively unstable, including all uncharged dS p ×S q spacetimes. For dimensions greater than four, the stable class includes universes whose entropy exceeds that of de Sitter space, in violation of the conjectured “N-bound.” Hence, if quantum gravity theories with finite-dimensional Hilbert space exist, the specification of a positive cosmological constant will (...)
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  46.  18
    A Cost/Benefit Model of Subjective Effort and Task Performance.R. Kurzban, A. L. Duckworth, J. W. Kable & J. Myers - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6).
  47.  68
    Extrapolating Human Probability Judgment.Daniel Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Tracy S. Myers, Eldar Shafir & Michael Stob - 1994 - Theory and Decision 36 (2):103-129.
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  48.  14
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on "Ethics Consultation in U.S. Hospitals: A National Survey".Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert Pearlman - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):1-3.
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  49.  38
    Grotius, Stoicism and 'Oikeiosis'.Christopher Brooke - 2008 - Grotiana 29 (1):25-50.
    For thirty years now there has been considerable debate concerning the foundations of modern natural law theory, with Richard Tuck emphasising the role self-preservation plays in anchoring Grotius's system and his critics pointing to the contribution of a principle of sociability. With reference to recent contributions in the literature on Stoicism from Julia Annas, A. A. Long and Tad Brennan, I argue that Grotius's use of the outline of Stoic ethics from Book III of Cicero's De finibus is crucial for (...)
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  50. Joining Natural Philosophy to Christianity : The Case of Joseph Priestley.John Brooke - 2005 - In John Hedley Brooke & Ian Maclean (eds.), Heterodoxy in Early Modern Science and Religion. Oxford University Press.
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