Results for 'Costa Damiano'

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  1. Relativity and Three Four‐Dimensionalisms.Cody Gilmore, Damiano Costa & Claudio Calosi - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (2):102-120.
    Relativity theory is often said to support something called ‘the four-dimensional view of reality’. But there are at least three different views that sometimes go by this name. One is ‘spacetime unitism’, according to which there is a spacetime manifold, and if there are such things as points of space or instants of time, these are just spacetime regions of different sorts: thus space and time are not separate manifolds. A second is the B-theory of time, according to which the (...)
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  2. The Transcendentist Theory of Persistence.Damiano Costa - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (2):57-75.
    This paper develops an endurantist theory of persistence. The theory is built around one basic tenet, which concerns existence at a time – the relation between an object and the times at which that object is present. According to this tenet, which I call transcendentism, for an object to exist at a time is for it to participate in events that are located at that time. I argue that transcendentism is a semantically grounded and metaphysically fruitful. It is semantically grounded, (...)
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  3. From Times to Worlds and Back Again: A Transcendentist Theory of Persistence.Alessandro Giordani & Damiano Costa - 2013 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):210-220.
    Until recently, an almost perfect parallelism seemed to hold between theories of identity through time and across possible worlds,as every account in the temporal case(endurantism,perdurantism, exdurantism) was mirrored by a twin account in the modal case (trans-world identity, identity-via-parts, identity-via-counterparts). Nevertheless, in the recent literature, this parallelism has been broken because of the implementation in the debate of the relation of location. In particular, endurantism has been subject to a more in-depth analysis, and different versions of it, corresponding to different (...)
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  4.  66
    Multilocation, Fusions, and Confusions.Claudio Calosi & Damiano Costa - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (1):25-33.
    The paper provides a new and detailed critique of Barker and Dowe’s argument against multi-location. This critique is not only novel but also less committal than previous ones in the literature in that it does not require hefty metaphysical assumptions. The paper also provides an analysis of some metaphysical relations between mereological and locational principles.
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  5. In Defence of Transcendentism.Damiano Costa & Alessandro Giordani - 2016 - Acta Analytica 31 (2):225-234.
    How do objects persist through time? According to endurantism, objects persist through time and do not have temporal parts. According to the transcendentist version of endurantism, objects exist at times by participating in events that occur at those times. This version of transcendentism offers specific metaphysical and semantical advantages over other versions of endurantism. In this paper, we defend transcendentist endurantism against a series of criticisms that have been recently offered by Kristie Miller.
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  6.  58
    Being in Time: A Theory of Persistence and Temporal Location.Damiano Costa - 2014 - Dissertation, University of Geneva
    In Being in Time I articulate and defend a theory of diachronic identity based on a new account of the relation between objects and time. Traditionally, the relation between objects and time has been considered to be a direct one, analogous to the one they have with space, and accordingly called location. In my dissertation, I argue that this locative approach is metaphysically problematic insofar as it commits us to questionable consequences about the nature of objects or about the metaphysics (...)
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  7. Esistenza e Persistenza.Damiano Costa - 2018 - Milan, IT: Mimesis.
    Nel nostro universo, qualunque cosa, dalla più piccola particella alla più smisurata galassia, esiste in un qualche tempo e in un qualche luogo. Ma cosa significa esistere in un qualche tempo? Il fenomeno dell’esistenza temporale gioca un ruolo fondamentale nella comprensione dell’universo e di noi stessi quali creature temporali. Eppure è un fenomeno profondamente misterioso. L’esistenza temporale è da intendersi come una relazione? Che legami ha con l’esistenza dell’ontologia? L’esistenza temporale e la localizzazione spaziale sono due fenomeni essenzialmente differenti o (...)
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  8. The Limit Decision Problem and Four-Dimensionalism.Costa Damiano - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):199-216.
    I argue that medieval solutions to the limit decision problem imply four-dimensionalism, i.e. the view according to which substances that persist through time are extended through time as well as through space, and have different temporal parts at different times.
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  9. Rawls, Citizenship, and Education.Victoria Costa - 2010 - Routledge.
    This book develops and applies a unified interpretation of John Rawls’ theory of justice as fairness in order to clarify the account of citizenship that Rawls relies upon, and the kind of educational policies that the state can legitimately pursue to promote social justice. Costa examines the role of the family as the "first school of justice" and its basic contribution to the moral and political development of children. It also argues that schools are necessary to supplement the education (...)
     
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  10. Rawls, Citizenship, and Education.M. Victoria Costa - 2010 - Routledge.
    This book develops and applies a unified interpretation of John Rawls’ theory of justice as fairness in order to clarify the account of citizenship that Rawls relies upon, and the kind of educational policies that the state can legitimately pursue to promote social justice. Costa examines the role of the family as the "first school of justice" and its basic contribution to the moral and political development of children. It also argues that schools are necessary to supplement the education (...)
     
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  11.  23
    A New Formulation of Discussive Logic.Jerzy Kotas & N. C. A. Costa - 1979 - Studia Logica 38 (4):429 - 445.
    S. Jakowski introduced the discussive prepositional calculus D 2as a basis for a logic which could be used as underlying logic of inconsistent but nontrivial theories (see, for example, N. C. A. da Costa and L. Dubikajtis, On Jakowski's discussive logic, in Non-Classical Logic, Model Theory and Computability, A. I. Arruda, N. C. A da Costa and R. Chuaqui edts., North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977, 37–56). D 2has afterwards been extended to a first-order predicate calculus and to a higher-order logic (...)
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  12.  38
    Philosophy as a Protoscience.Cláudio F. Costa - 2012 - Disputatio 4 (34):591-608.
    Costa-Claudio_Philosophy-as-a-protoscience.
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  13.  30
    On the Relevant Systemsp Andp* and Some Related Systems.Ayda I. Arruda & Newton C. A. Costa - 1984 - Studia Logica 43 (1-2):33 - 49.
    In this paper we study the systemsP andP * (see Arruda and da Costa,O paradoxo de Curry-Moh Shaw-Kwei, Boletim da Sociedade Matemtica de São Paulo 18 (1966)) and some related systems. In the last section, we prove that certain set theories havingP andP * as their underlying logics are non-trivial.
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  14.  21
    Hypothetical Revision and Matter-of-Fact Supposition.Horacio Arló Costa - 2001 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 11 (1-2):203-229.
    The recent literature offers several models of the notion of matter of fact supposition1 revealed in the acceptance of the so-called indicative conditionals. Some of those models are qualitative [Collins 90], [Levi 96], [Stalnaker 84]. Other probabilistic models appeal either to infinitesimal probability or two place probability functions. Recent work has made possible to understand which is the exact qualitative counterpart of the latter probabilistic models. In this article we show that the qualitative notion of change that thus arises is (...)
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  15.  18
    Dom leme e os movimentos religiosos de massas: a proposta de ordem cristã para o Brasil.José William Barbosa Costa - 2013 - Horizonte 11 (31):1155-1156.
    COSTA, J. W. B. Dom leme e os movimentos religiosos de massas: a proposta de ordem cristã para o Brasil. Dissertação (Mestrado) 2013. 157f - Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Belo Horizonte. Palavras-chave: D. Leme. Congresso Eucarístico. Nossa Senhora Aparecida. Cristo do Corcovado. Ordem Cristã.
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  16.  7
    As vassouras da feiticeira.Jurandir Freire Costa - 2006 - Natureza Humana 8 (1):133-162.
    Este trabalho é uma réplica ao artigo A psicanálise pragmática e o paradoxo da interpretação, de João José Rodrigues Lima de Almeida. Discuto nele as noções de introspecção, linguagem privada, vida interior, linguagem referencial, sentido, ação intencional, sintomas, critérios, razões causais e objetivos da clínica psicanalítica, todas questionadas pelo autor do artigo. Sugere-se que as críticas feitas às idéias de Márcia Cavell e de Jurandir Freire Costa sobre esses tópicos devem-se a mal-entendidos teóricos e não à incompatibilidade conceitual entre (...)
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  17.  16
    On the Theory of Inconsistent Formal Systems.Newton C. A. Costa - 1972 - Recife, Universidade Federal De Pernambuco, Instituto De Matemática.
  18. The Italian Economia Aziendale and Catholic Social Teaching: How to Apply the Common Good Principle at the Managerial Level. [REVIEW]Ericka Costa & Tommaso Ramus - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):103-116.
    The ongoing global economic and financial crisis has exposed the risks of considering market and business organizations only as instruments for creating economic wealth while paying little heed to their role in ethics and values. Catholic Social Teaching (CST) could provide a useful contribution in rethinking the role of values in business organizations and markets because CST puts forward an anthropological view that involves thinking of the marketplace as a community of persons with the aim of participating in the Common (...)
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  19. Pragmatic Truth and Approximation to Truth.Irene Mikenberg, Newton C. A. Costa & Rolando Chuaqui - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):201-221.
  20.  44
    Are Women More Ethical Than Men?Andrew Sikula & Adelmiro D. Costa - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (11):859 - 871.
  21.  21
    Mathematical Logic in Latin America: Proceedings of the IV Latin American Symposium on Mathematical Logic Held in Santiago, December 1978.Ayda I. Arruda, R. Chuaqui & Newton C. A. Costa (eds.) - 1980 - Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier North-Holland.
    (or not oveA-complete.) . Let * be a unary operator defined on the set F of formulas of the language £ (ie, if A is a formula of £, then *A is also a ...
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  22.  59
    Two Notions of Epistemic Validity.Horacio Arló Costa & Isaac Levi - 1996 - Synthese 109 (2):217 - 262.
    How to accept a conditional? F. P. Ramsey proposed the following test in (Ramsey 1990).(RT) If A, then B must be accepted with respect to the current epistemic state iff the minimal hypothetical change of it needed to accept A also requires accepting B.
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  23.  71
    Freedom as Non-Domination, Normativity, and Indeterminacy.M. Victoria Costa - 2007 - Journal of Value Inquiry 41 (2-4):291-307.
  24. “Recovering Our Stories”: A Small Act of Resistance.Lucy Costa, Jijian Voronka, Danielle Landry, Jenna Reid, Becky Mcfarlane, David Reville & Kathryn Church - 2012 - Studies in Social Justice 6 (1):85-101.
    This paper describes a community event organized in response to the appropriation and overreliance on the psychiatric patient “personal story” within mental health organizations. The sharing of experiences through stories by individuals who self-identify as having “lived experience” has been central to the history of organizing for change in and outside of the psychiatric system. However, in the last decade, personal stories have increasingly been used by the psychiatric system to bolster research, education, and fundraising interests. We explore how personal (...)
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  25.  63
    First Order Extensions of Classical Systems of Modal Logic; the Role of the Barcan Schemas.Horacio Costa - 2002 - Studia Logica 71 (1):87-118.
    The paper studies first order extensions of classical systems of modal logic (see (Chellas, 1980, part III)). We focus on the role of the Barcan formulas. It is shown that these formulas correspond to fundamental properties of neighborhood frames. The results have interesting applications in epistemic logic. In particular we suggest that the proposed models can be used in order to study monadic operators of probability (Kyburg, 1990) and likelihood (Halpern-Rabin, 1987).
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  26.  34
    Pragmatic Truth and the Logic of Induction.Newton C. A. Costa & Steven French - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (3):333-356.
    We apply the recently elaborated notions of ‘pragmatic truth’ and ‘pragmatic probability’ to the problem of the construction of a logic of inductive inference. It is argued that the system outlined here is able to overcome many of the objections usually levelled against such attempts. We claim, furthermore, that our view captures the essentially cumulative nature of science and allows us to explain why it is indeed reasonable to accept and believe in the conclusions reached by inductive inference.
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  27.  37
    Non-Adjunctive Inference and Classical Modalities.Horacio Arló Costa - 2004 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 34 (5/6):581 - 605.
    The article focuses on representing different forms of non-adjunctive inference as sub-Kripkean systems of classical modal logic, where the inference from □A and □B to □A ∧ B fails. In particular we prove a completeness result showing that the modal system that Schotch and Jennings derive from a form of non-adjunctive inference in (Schotch and Jennings, 1980) is a classical system strictly stronger than EMN and weaker than K (following the notation for classical modalities presented in Chellas, 1980). The unified (...)
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  28. On the Logic of Belief.Newton C. A. Da Costa & Steven French - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (3):431-446.
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  29.  83
    Hume and Causal Realism.Michael J. Costa - 1989 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (2):172 – 190.
  30.  23
    Non-Classical Logics, Model Theory, and Computability: Proceedings of the Third Latin-American Symposium on Mathematical Logic, Campinas, Brazil, July 11-17, 1976. [REVIEW]Ayda I. Arruda, Newton C. A. Costa & R. Chuaqui (eds.) - 1977 - Sale Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier/North-Holland.
  31. On Paraconsistent Deontic Logic.Newton C. A. Costa & Walter A. Carnielli - 1986 - Philosophia 16 (3-4):293-305.
    This paper develops the first deontic logic in the context of paraconsistent logics.
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  32.  51
    A Modal Ontology of Properties for Quantum Mechanics.Newton Costa, Olimpia Lombardi & Mariano Lastiri - 2013 - Synthese 190 (17):3671-3693.
    Our purpose in this paper is to delineate an ontology for quantum mechanics that results adequate to the formalism of the theory. We will restrict our aim to the search of an ontology that expresses the conceptual content of the recently proposed modal-Hamiltonian interpretation, according to which the domain referred to by non-relativistic quantum mechanics is an ontology of properties. The usual strategy in the literature has been to focus on only one of the interpretive problems of the theory and (...)
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  33.  94
    A Meta-Descriptivist Theory of Proper Names.Claudio F. Costa - 2011 - Ratio 24 (3):259-281.
    This paper proposes a new, stronger version of the cluster theory of proper names. It introduces a meta-identifying rule that can establish a cluster's main descriptions and explain how they must be satisfied in order to allow the application of a proper name. At the same time, it preserves some main insights of the causal-historical view. With the resulting rule we can not only give a more detailed reply to the counter-examples to descriptivism, but also explain the informative contents of (...)
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  34.  21
    Pragmatic Probability.Newton C. A. Costa - 1986 - Erkenntnis 25 (2):141-162.
  35. Rawls on Liberty and Domination.M. Victoria Costa - 2009 - Res Publica 15 (4):397-413.
    One of the central elements of John Rawls’ argument in support of his two principles of justice is the intuitive normative ideal of citizens as free and equal. But taken in isolation, the claim that citizens are to be treated as free and equal is extremely indeterminate, and has virtually no clear implications for policy. In order to remedy this, the two principles of justice, together with the stipulation that citizens have basic interests in developing their moral capacities and pursuing (...)
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  36. Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic: Bogotá, Colombia, 1981.Ayda I. Arruda, Xavier Caicedo, Rolando Chuaqui & Newton C. A. Costa - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (3):884-892.
  37.  61
    Desire-as-Belief Implies Opinionation or Indifference.H. A. Costa, J. Collins & I. Levi - 1995 - Analysis 55 (1):2-5.
    The anti- Humean proposal of constructing desire as belief about what would be good must be abandoned on pain of triviality. Our central result shows that if an agent's belief- desire state is represented by Jeffrey's expected value theory enriched with the Desire as Belief Thesis (DAB), then, provided that three pairwise inconsistent propositions receive non- zero probability, the agent must view with indifference any proposition whose probability is greater than zero. Unlike previous results against DAB our Opinionation or Indifference (...)
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  38.  30
    Conditionals and Monotonic Belief Revisions: The Success Postulate.Horacio L. Arlo Costa - 1990 - Studia Logica 49 (4):557-566.
    One of the main applications of the logic of theory change is to the epistemic analysis of conditionals via the so-called Ramsey test. In the first part of the present note this test is studied in the “limiting case” where the theory being revised is inconsistent, and it is shown that this case manifests an intrinsic incompatibility between the Ramsey test and the AGM postulate of “success”. The paper then analyses the use of the postulate of success, and a weakening (...)
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  39.  64
    Another Trip on the Trolley.Michael J. Costa - 1987 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):461-466.
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  40.  52
    Studies in Paraconsistent Logic I: The Dialectical Principle of the Unity of Opposites.Newton C. A. Costa & Robert G. Wolf - 1980 - Philosophia 9 (2):189-217.
  41.  9
    The Poor Helping the Rich: How Can Incomplete Representations Monitor Complete Ones?Kristof Strijkers, Elin Runnqvist, Albert Costa & Phillip Holcomb - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):374 - 375.
    Pickering & Garrod (P&G) propose that inner speech monitoring is subserved by predictions stemming from fast forward modeling. In this commentary, we question this alignment of language prediction with the inner speech monitor. We wonder how the speech monitor can function so efficiently if it is based on incomplete representations.
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  42. The Trolley Problem Revisited.Michael J. Costa - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):437-449.
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  43.  39
    Co-Emergences in Life and Science: A Double Proposal for Biological Emergentism. [REVIEW]Luisa Damiano - 2012 - Synthese 185 (2):273-294.
    This article addresses the problem of emergence through a distinction, often neglected in the literature, between two different aspects of this issue: (1) the theoretical problem of providing modelizations able to explain the expression of emergent properties; (2) the epistemological problem of warranting the scientific value of the emergentist descriptions of nature. This paper considers this double issue with regard to the biological domain, and proposes a double solution (theoretical and epistemological) originally developed in early studies on self-organization. The underlying (...)
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  44.  21
    Hume on the Very Idea of a Relation.Michael Costa - 1998 - Hume Studies 24 (1):71-94.
  45.  79
    Suppes Predicates for Space-Time.Newton C. A. Costa, Otávio Bueno & Steven French - 1997 - Synthese 112 (2):271-279.
    We formulate Suppes predicates for various kinds of space-time: classical Euclidean, Minkowski's, and that of General Relativity. Starting with topological properties, these continua are mathematically constructed with the help of a basic algebra of events; this algebra constitutes a kind of mereology, in the sense of Lesniewski. There are several alternative, possible constructions, depending, for instance, on the use of the common field of reals or of a non-Archimedian field. Our approach was inspired by the work of Whitehead, though our (...)
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  46.  68
    Bollettino Del Centro di Studi Vichiani.Gustavo Costa - 1987 - New Vico Studies 7:181-184.
  47. Acting Intentionally and Minimal Abilities.Michael J. Costa - 1986 - Analysis 46 (3):144 - 147.
  48.  16
    Generating Signals with Multiscale Time Irreversibility: The Asymmetric Weierstrass Function.Anton Burykin, Madalena D. Costa, Chung-Kang Peng, Ary L. Goldberger & Timothy G. Buchman - 2011 - Complexity 16 (4):29-38.
  49.  56
    On Suppes' Set Theoretical Predicates.Newton C. A. Costa & Rolando Chuaqui - 1988 - Erkenntnis 29 (1):95-112.
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  50.  48
    Citizenship and the State.M. Victoria Costa - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (6):987-997.
    This study surveys debates on citizenship, the state, and the bases of political stability. The survey begins by presenting the primary sense of 'citizenship' as a legal status and the question of the sorts of political communities people can belong to as citizens. (Multi)nation-states are suggested as the main site of citizenship in the contemporary world, without ignoring the existence of alternative possibilities. Turning to discussions of citizen identity, the study shows that some of the discussion is motivated by a (...)
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