Results for 'Donald Nichols'

999 found
Order:
See also
  1.  77
    Executive Compensation: Excessive or Equitable? [REVIEW]Donald Nichols & Chandra Subramaniam - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (4):339 - 351.
    The eighties and nineties have seen much debate about CEO compensation. Critics of CEO compensation support their contention of excessive and inequitable CEO pay based on a number of factors and premises. This paper examines the validity of these arguments. We show why many of these arguments fail to persuade, in part, because they attempt to determine propriety of CEO pay without having a definitive standard for comparison. Arguments based on comparisons between CEO pay and the pay of other individuals (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  2.  46
    Regressive Tax Rates and the Unethical Taxation of Salaried Income.Donald R. Nichols & William F. Wempe - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (4):553-566.
    In a regressive tax system, lower-income taxpayers pay larger percentages of their incomes in taxes compared to higher-income taxpayers. Although most policymakers and citizens view regressive taxation as generally unfair and unethical, the U.S. tax system taxes wage, salary, and self-employment income in a manner that deliberately subjects lower-income taxpayers to marginal tax rates that are greater than those imposed on higher-income taxpayers. As a result, some lower-income taxpayers pay a larger percentage of their income in taxes than higher-income taxpayers. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  23
    Equitable Taxation and the Provision of Health Insurance Subsidies.Donald R. Nichols, Elizabeth Plummer & William F. Wempe - 2011 - Business and Society Review 116 (4):435-466.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  3
    Beverley Nichols.Beverly Nichols - 2016 - The Chesterton Review 42 (1/2):216-217.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality.Ernest Lepore & Ludwig Kirk - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Ernest Lepore and Kirk Ludwig present the definitive critical exposition of the philosophical system of Donald Davidson. Davidson 's ideas had a deep and broad influence in the central areas of philosophy; he presented them in brilliant essays over four decades, but never set out explicitly the overarching scheme in which they all have their place. Lepore's and Ludwig's book will therefore be the key work, besides Davidson 's own, for understanding one of the greatest philosophers of the twentieth (...)
  6. Donald Davidson's Truth-Theoretic Semantics.Ernest Lepore & Kirk Ludwig - 2007 - Clarendon Press.
    The work of Donald Davidson (1917-2003) transformed the study of meaning. Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig, two of the world's leading authorities on Davidson's work, present the definitive study of his widely admired and influential program of truth-theoretic semantics for natural languages, giving an exposition and critical examination of its foundations and applications.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  7.  9
    Semiotic Space Invasion: The Case of Donald Trump’s US Presidential Campaign.Peter Wignell, Kay O’Halloran & Sabine Tan - 2019 - Semiotica 2019 (226):185-208.
    This paper uses a social semiotic perspective to analyze Donald Trump’s domination of media coverage of the US presidential campaign from 16 June 2015, when he announced his candidacy for nomination as the Republican candidate until 8 November 2016, when he was elected as President of the United States. The paper argues that one of the keys to Donald Trump’s domination of media coverage was that, in presenting himself and his agenda, he foregrounded interpersonal meaning by making himself (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8. Jesus' Return as Lottery Puzzle: A Reply to Donald Smith.P. Roger Turner - 2012 - Religious Studies 48 (3):305-313.
    In his recent paper, “Lottery Puzzles and Jesus’ Return,” Donald Smith says that Christians should accept a very robust skepticism about the future because a Christian ought to think that the probability of Jesus’ return happening at any future moment is inscrutable to her. But I think that Smith’s argument lacks the power to rationally persuade Christians who are antecedently uncommitted as to whether or not we can or do have any substantive knowledge about the future. Moreover, I think (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  58
    Donald Davidson and the Mirror of Meaning: Holism, Truth, Interpretation.J. E. Malpas - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    J. E. Malpas discusses and develops the ideas of Donald Davidson, influential in contemporary thinking on the nature of understanding and meaning, and of truth and knowledge. He provides an account of Davidson's holistic and hermeneutical conception of linguistic interpretation, and, more generally, of the mind. Outlining its Quinean origins and the elements basic to Davidson's Radical Interpretation, J. E. Malpas' book goes on to elaborate this holism and to examine the indeterminacy of interpretation and the principle of charity. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  10. Donald Davidson.Ernest Lepore & Kirk Ludwig - 2004 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 28 (1):309–333.
    This chapter reviews the major contributions of Donald Davidson to philosophy in the 20th century.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  11.  37
    Donald Trump as a Critical-Thinking Teaching Assistant.Stephen Sullivan - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):118-132.
    Donald Trump has been a godsend for those of us who teach critical thinking. For he is a fount of manipulative rhetoric, glaring fallacies, conspiracy theories, fake news, and bullshit. In this paper I draw on my own recent teaching experience in order to discuss both the usefulness and the limits of using Trump examples in teaching critical thinking. In Section One I give the framework of the course; in Section Two I indicate Trump’s relevance to many important concepts (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. On an “Unintelligible” Idea: Donald Davidson's Case Against Experiential Foundationalism.Daniel Howard-Snyder - 2002 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 40 (4):523-555.
    Donald Davidson’s epistemology is predicated on, among other things, the rejection of Experiential Foundationalism, which he calls ‘unintelligible’. In this essay, I assess Davidson’s arguments for this conclusion. I conclude that each of them fails on the basis of reasons that foundationalists and antifoundationalists alike can, and should, accept.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  45
    Metaphysics Matters: Metaphysics and Soteriology in Jerome Stone's and Donald Crosby's Varieties of Religious Naturalism.Stefani Ruper - 2014 - Zygon 49 (2):308-322.
    Religious naturalism is distinct from supernatural religion largely because of metaphysical minimalism. Certain varieties of religious naturalism are more minimalist than others, however, and some even eschew metaphysics altogether. But is anything lost in that process? To determine metaphysics’ degree of relevance to religious function, I compare the soteriology of the “ontologically reticent” Minimalist Vision of Jerome Stone to that of the ontologically rich Religion of Nature of Donald Crosby. I demonstrate that for these varieties of religious naturalism: (1) (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14. Review of Experimental Philosophy Ed. By Knobe & Nichols[REVIEW]Joshua May - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (5):711-715.
    Experimental philosophy is a new and somewhat controversial method of philosophical inquiry in which philosophers conduct experiments in order to shed light on issues of philosophical interest. This typically involves surveying ordinary people to find out their "intuitions" (roughly, pre-theoretical judgments) about hypothetical cases important to philosophical theorizing. The controversy surrounding this methodology arises largely because it departs from more traditional ways of doing philosophy. Moreover, some of its practitioners have used it to argue that the more traditional methods are (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  72
    John Buridan and Donald Davidson on Akrasia.Risto Saarinen - 1993 - Synthese 96 (1):133-154.
    This article has two objectives. Firts, it is my aim to outline some medieval views concerning the acts that oppose one's better judgment. I will use Aristotle's term aktasia to denote the moral state of an agent behaving in this way. John Burdidan's (1285-1349) treatment of akrasia is especially relevant here. Second, it will be argued that some important philosophical ideas proposed receently by Donald Davidson, in his influential study 'How is Waekness of the Will Possible?', are anticipated in (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16. Distinguishing WV Quine and Donald Davidson.James Pearson - 2011 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 1 (1):1-22.
    Given W.V. Quine’s and Donald Davidson’s extensive agreement about much of the philosophy of language and mind, and the obvious methodological parallels between Quine’s radical translation and Davidson’s radical interpretation, many—including Quine and Davidson—are puzzled by their occasional disagreements. I argue for the importance of attending to these disagreements, not just because doing so deepens our understanding of these influential thinkers, but because they are in fact the shadows thrown from two distinct conceptions of philosophical inquiry: Quine’s “naturalism” and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  25
    Donald Davidson and the Mirror of Meaning.Ian Rumfitt & J. E. Malpas - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (178):136.
    Review of J.E. Malpas, *Donald Davidson and the Mirror of Meaning* (CUP).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18. Donald Davidson.Marc A. Joseph - 2004 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Donald Davidson's work has been of seminal importance in the development of analytic philosophy and his views on the nature of language, mind and action remain the starting point for many of the central debates in the analytic tradition. His ideas, however, are complex, often technical, and interconnected in ways that can make them difficult to understand. This introduction to Davidson's philosophy examines the full range of his writings to provide a clear succinct overview of his ideas. This book (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  29
    Kathrin Glüer, Donald Davidson: A Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, 313 Pp., £16.99 , ISBN‐13: 978‐0‐19‐538297‐6. [REVIEW]Kirk Ludwig - 2014 - Dialectica 68 (3):464-473.
    This is a review of Kathrin Gluer's Donald Davidson: A Short Introduction. A dispute about the grounding of the Principle of Charity is discussed, and some resources Davidson has for responding to a criticism of his theory of action.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  54
    Review of Ernest Lepore, Kirk Ludwig, Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality[REVIEW]James W. Garson - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (2).
    Over the last forty years, Donald Davidson has been one of the most influential, but least accessible voices in philosophy. There are several reasons why it is hard to come to grips with his work. First, his language is dense, even by the standards of analytic philosophy; while at the same time his thought is highly organic, so that it is difficult to make sense of one idea without an understanding of his whole program. Davidson never attempted to write (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Donald Davidson.Ernest Lepore & K. Ludwig - 2009 - In Christopher Belshaw & Gary Kemp (eds.), 12 Modern Philosophers. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 199-224.
  22.  24
    Anomalous Monism and Mental Causality : On the Debate of Donald Davidson’'s Philosophy of the Mental'.Erwin Rogler & Gerhard Preyer - unknown
    The English version of the first chapter of Erwin Rogler and Gerhard Preyer: Materialismus, anomaler Monismus und mentale Kausalität. Zur gegenwärtigen Philosophie des Mentalen bei Donald Davidson und David Lewis »Anomaler Monismus und Mentale Kausalität. Ein Beitrag zur Debatte über Donald Davidsons Philosophie des Mentalen« is a contribution to the current debates on the philosophy of the mental and mental causality initiated from Donald Davidson's philosophy with his article »Mental Events«. It is the intent of the English (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. The Literary Correspondence of Donald Davidson and Allen Tate.Donald Davidson & Allen Tate - 1974
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  19
    The Library of Living Philosophers: Donald Davidson.F. Hahn (ed.) - 1999 - Open Court.
    The latest volume of the critically acclaimed Library of Living Philosophers series is devoted to the work of analytic philosopher Donald Davidson. Following the standard LLP format, Davidson discusses his life and philosophical development in an intellectual autobiography. This is followed by 31 critical essays by distinguished scholars; Davidson replies to each of these essays.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  17
    Kripke’s Wittgenstein’s Sceptical Solution and Donald Davidson’s Philosophy of Language.Ali Hossein Khani - 2017 - Dissertation,
    This thesis is an attempt to investigate the relation between the views of Wittgenstein as presented by Kripke and Donald Davidson on meaning and linguistic understanding. Kripke’s Wittgenstein, via his sceptical argument, argues that there is no fact about which rule a speaker is following in using a linguistic expression. Now, if one urges that meaning something by a word is essentially a matter of following one rule rather than another, the sceptical argument leads to the radical sceptical conclusion (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Agrarian Letters the Correspondence of John Donald Wade and Donald Davidson, 1930-1939.John Donald Wade, Donald Davidson & Gerald J. Smith - 2003
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  31
    Reply to Stich and Nichols.Robert M. Gordon - 1992 - Mind and Language 7 (1-2):87-97.
  28.  44
    Representación, empirismo y triangulación Comentario a Conocer sin representar. El realismo epistemológico de Donald Davidson de William Duica.Ignacio Ávila - 2016 - Ideas Y Valores 65 (161):315-329.
    En este breve comentario discuto algunos aspectos de la interpretación de la epistemología de Davidson que sugiere Willian Duica en su reciente libro. Luego de una presentación somera del libro me centro en tres asuntos centrales de la interpretación de Duica. En primer lugar, argumento que su lectura de la crítica de Davidson al dualismo esquema/contenido es muy restrictiva y deja abierta la posibilidad de un realismo directo empirista. En segundo lugar, argumento que en su lectura el propio Duica se (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29.  57
    Reflecting Davidson: Donald Davidson Responding to an International Forum of Philosophers.Ralf Stoecker (ed.) - 1993 - W. De Gruyter.
    Truth, Meaning and Logical Form Reflections on Davidson's Philosophy of Language WOLFGANG KUNNE I. Introduction: Davidson and Tarski The governing idea of ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  30. The Philosophy of Donald Davidson (Library of Living Philosophers).Lewis Hahn (ed.) - 1999 - Open Court.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  31. No Need to Speak the Same Language? Review of Ramberg, Donald Davidson's Philosophy of Language.H. G. Callaway & J. van Brakel - 1996 - Dialectica, Vol. 50, No.1, 1996, Pp. 63-71 50 (1):63-72.
    The book is an “introductory” reconstruction of Davidson on interpretation —a claim to be taken with a grain of salt. Writing introductory books has become an idol of the tribe. This is a concise book and reflects much study. It has many virtues along with some flaws. Ramberg assembles themes and puzzles from Davidson into a more or less coherent viewpoint. A special virtue is the innovative treatment of incommensurability and of the relation of Davidson’s work to hermeneutic themes. The (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  51
    A Companion to Donald Davidson (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy).Ernest Lepore & Kirk Ludwig (eds.) - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33.  41
    Theories Vs. Modules: To the Max and Beyond: A Reply to Poulin-Dubois and to Stich and Nichols.Alison Gopnik & Andrew N. Meltzoff - 1998 - Mind and Language 13 (3):450-456.
  34.  60
    Interview with Donald Davidson in November 1993.Lars Bergström & Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1994 - Theoria 60 (3):207-225.
  35.  90
    Review of Donald Davidson, Problems of Rationality[REVIEW]Richard Rorty - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (2).
    Problems of Rationality is divided into three parts. The first four essays defend the claim that judgments of value are objectively true. The next six expound what Davidson called "a unified theory of thought, meaning, and action". The last four discuss the problems that weakness of will and self-deception raise for Davidson's claim that ascription of intention and belief is possible only if we assume the agent's rationality. I shall discuss the three parts in sequence.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  41
    Interpretations and Causes: New Perspectives on Donald Davidson's Philosophy.Mario De Caro (ed.) - 1999 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    In Interpretations and Causes, some of the leading contemporary analytic philosophers discuss Davidson's new ideas in a lively, relevant, useful, and not always ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37. The Experimenting Society Essays in Honor of Donald T. Campbell.William N. Dunn - 1998
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38.  26
    Language, Mind, and Epistemology: On Donald Davidson's Philosophy.Gerhard Preyer, F. Siebelt & A. Ulfig (eds.) - 1994 - Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Together with its introduction, Language, Mind and Epistemology examines Davidson's unified stance towards philosophy by joining American and European authors ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  17
    The Philosophy of William James: Radical Empiricism and Radical Materialism by Donald A. Crosby.Donald Wayne Viney - 2016 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 37 (2):188-192.
    William James described his system as “too much like an arch built only on one side.” Donald Crosby’s project is to chart the dimensions of the arch, repair it in certain places, and continue its construction. He endorses a Jamesian empiricism according to which “pure experience” is the ultimate context within which we come to judgments about reality, but he resists James’s allusions to pure experience as the stuff from which the world is made. The metaphysical question is answered (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  56
    Review of Evnine, Donald Davidson. [REVIEW]H. G. Callaway - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (October):555-560.
    Tracing the background of Davidson’s work in the positivists’ philosophical emigration of the 30’s and in Quine, Evnine’s “Introduction” offers a “map of the terrain to be covered” which stresses the “rationalistic” character of Davidson’s views on holism and rationality. Thus, “his main philosophical concerns ... language, the mental and action...are the ingredients of a philosophical anthropology.” In spite of Quinean roots, the view is that “Davidson has now wholly removed himself, philosophically speaking, from the empiricist tradition.” The result: a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Kritiek van de Interpreterende Rede Grondslagen van Donald Davidsons Filosofische Project.Filip Buekens - 1996
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Donald Davidson’s Triangulation Argument: A Philosophical Inquiry.Robert H. Myers & Claudine Verheggen - 2016 - Routledge.
    According to many commentators, Davidson’s earlier work on philosophy of action and truth-theoretic semantics is the basis for his reputation, and his later forays into broader metaphysical and epistemological issues, and eventually into what became known as the triangulation argument, are much less successful. This book by two of his former students aims to change that perception. In Part One, Verheggen begins by providing an explanation and defense of the triangulation argument, then explores its implications for questions concerning semantic normativity (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Die Wahrheit der Interpretation. Beiträge zur Philosophie Donald'Davidsons.Eva Picardi & J. Schulte - 1991 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 53 (2):383-383.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. The Mind of Donald Davidson.Donald Davidson - 1989 - Netherlands: Rodopi.
  45. Folk Concepts of Person and Identity: A Response to Nichols and Bruno.Renatas Berniūnas & Vilius Dranseika - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (1):96-122.
    Nichols and Bruno claim that the folk judge that psychological continuity is necessary for personal identity. In this article, we evaluate this claim. First, we argue that it is likely that in thinking about hypothetical cases of transformations, the folk do not use a unitary concept of personal identity, but instead rely on different concepts of ‘person’, ‘identity’, and ‘individual’. Identity can be ascribed even when post-transformation individuals are no longer categorized as persons. Second, we provide new empirical evidence (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  46. David Lewis, Donald C. Williams, and the History of Metaphysics in the Twentieth Century.A. R. J. Fisher - 2015 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (1):3--22.
    The revival of analytic metaphysics in the latter half of the twentieth century is typically understood as a consequence of the critiques of logical positivism, Quine’s naturalization of ontology, Kripke’s Naming and Necessity, clarifications of modal notions in logic, and the theoretical exploitation of possible worlds. However, this explanation overlooks the work of metaphysicians at the height of positivism and linguisticism that affected metaphysics of the late twentieth century. Donald C. Williams is one such philosopher. In this paper I (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  47.  94
    Donald Davidson.Simon Evnine - 1991 - Stanford University Press.
    Donald Davidson is unquestionably one of America's greatest living philosophers. His influence on Anglo-American philosophy over the last twenty years has been enormous, and his work is an unavoidable reference point in current debates in the philosophy of language and the philosophy of mind. This book offers a systematic and accessible introduction to Davidson's work. Evnine begins by discussing Davidson's contribution to the philosophy of mind, including his views on action, events and causation. He then examines Davidson's work in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  48. How Metaphors Work : A Reply to Donald Davidson.Max Black - 2010 - In Darragh Byrne & Max Kölbel (eds.), Critical Inquiry. Routledge. pp. 131.
    To be able to produce and understand metaphorical statements is nothing much to boast about: these familiar skills, which children seem to acquire as they learn to talk, are perhaps no more remarkable than our ability to tell and to understand jokes. How odd then that it remains difficult to explain what we do in grasping metaphorical statements. In a provocative paper, "What Metaphors Mean,"1 Donald Davidson has recently charged many students of metaphor, ancient and modern, with having committed (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  49. Philosophical Conceptual Analysis as an Experimental Method.Michael T. Stuart - 2015 - In Thomas Gamerschlag, Doris Gerland, Rainer Osswald & Wiebke Petersen (eds.), Meaning, Frames, and Conceptual Representation. Düsseldorf University Press. pp. 267-292.
    Philosophical conceptual analysis is an experimental method. Focusing on this helps to justify it from the skepticism of experimental philosophers who follow Weinberg, Nichols & Stich. To explore the experimental aspect of philosophical conceptual analysis, I consider a simpler instance of the same activity: everyday linguistic interpretation. I argue that this, too, is experimental in nature. And in both conceptual analysis and linguistic interpretation, the intuitions considered problematic by experimental philosophers are necessary but epistemically irrelevant. They are like variables (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  23
    White Nationalism, Armed Culture and State Violence in the Age of Donald Trump.Henry A. Giroux - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (9):887-910.
    With the election of Donald Trump to the presidency of the United States, the discourse of an authoritarianism and the echoes of a fascist past have moved from the margins to the center of American politics. A culture of war buttressed by the forces of white supremacy and militarization has been unleashed in a series of policies designed to return the United States to a history in which the public sphere was largely white and Christian, and the economy and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 999