Results for 'Joseph L. Holtrop'

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  1.  22
    Aerobic Fitness is Associated with Greater White Matter Integrity in Children.Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Kirk I. Erickson, Joseph L. Holtrop, Michelle W. Voss, Matthew B. Pontifex, Lauren B. Raine, Charles H. Hillman & Arthur F. Kramer - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  2. Evolutionary Metaphysics the Development of Peirce's Theory of Categories /by Joseph L. Esposito. --. --.Joseph L. Esposito - 1980 - Ohio University Press, C1980.
     
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  3.  17
    History, Religion, and Spiritual Democracy: Essays in Honor of Joseph L. Blau.Joseph L. Blau & Maurice Wohlgelernter (eds.) - 1980 - Columbia University Press.
  4.  55
    Confusion: A Study in the Theory of Knowledge.Joseph L. Camp - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
    To attribute confusion to someone is to take up a paternalistic stance in evaluating his reasoning.
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  5. Seeking Confirmation Is Rational for Deterministic Hypotheses.Joseph L. Austerweil & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (3):499-526.
    The tendency to test outcomes that are predicted by our current theory (the confirmation bias) is one of the best-known biases of human decision making. We prove that the confirmation bias is an optimal strategy for testing hypotheses when those hypotheses are deterministic, each making a single prediction about the next event in a sequence. Our proof applies for two normative standards commonly used for evaluating hypothesis testing: maximizing expected information gain and maximizing the probability of falsifying the current hypothesis. (...)
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  6.  54
    Brain Death, States of Impaired Consciousness, and Physician-Assisted Death for End-of-Life Organ Donation and Transplantation.Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):409-421.
    In 1968, the Harvard criteria equated irreversible coma and apnea with human death and later, the Uniform Determination of Death Act was enacted permitting organ procurement from heart-beating donors. Since then, clinical studies have defined a spectrum of states of impaired consciousness in human beings: coma, akinetic mutism, minimally conscious state, vegetative state and brain death. In this article, we argue against the validity of the Harvard criteria for equating brain death with human death. Brain death does not disrupt somatic (...)
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  7.  4
    Schelling’s Idealism and Philosophy of Nature.Joseph L. Esposito - 1977 - Bucknell University Press, C1977.
    Analyzes Schelling's arguments for his idealism and pieces together a description of his theory of nature from among the large number of his writings in this area. It also traces the influence of Naturphilosophie on 19th-century science and connects it with recent System Theory.
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  8.  42
    Recovery of Transplantable Organs After Cardiac or Circulatory Death: Transforming the Paradigm for the Ethics of Organ Donation.Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan McGregor - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2:8-.
    Organ donation after cardiac or circulatory death (DCD) has been introduced to increase the supply of transplantable organs. In this paper, we argue that the recovery of viable organs useful for transplantation in DCD is not compatible with the dead donor rule and we explain the consequential ethical and legal ramifications. We also outline serious deficiencies in the current consent process for DCD with respect to disclosure of necessary elements for voluntary informed decision making and respect for the donor's autonomy. (...)
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  9.  35
    Neural Circuits Underlying the Pathophysiology of Mood Disorders.Joseph L. Price & Wayne C. Drevets - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):61-71.
  10.  17
    Brain Death, States of Impaired Consciousness, and Physician-Assisted Death for End-of-Life Organ Donation and Transplantation.Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):491-491.
  11.  30
    Justifying Physician-Assisted Death in Organ Donation.Joseph L. Verheijde & Mohamed Y. Rady - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):52-54.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page 52-54, August 2011.
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  12.  8
    Confusion: A Study in the Theory of Knowledge.Joseph L. Camp - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (3):692-699.
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  13.  72
    Commentary on the Concept of Brain Death Within the Catholic Bioethical Framework.Joseph L. Verheijde & Michael Potts - 2010 - Christian Bioethics 16 (3):246-256.
    Since the introduction of the concept of brain death by the Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death in 1968, the validity of this concept has been challenged by medical scientists, as well as by legal, philosophical, and religious scholars. In light of increased criticism of the concept of brain death, Stephen Napier, a staff ethicist at the National Catholic Bioethics Center, set out to prove that the whole-brain death criterion serves as (...)
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  14.  11
    A Nonparametric Bayesian Framework for Constructing Flexible Feature Representations.Joseph L. Austerweil & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (4):817-851.
  15.  48
    Social Darwinism in American Thought, 1860-1915.Joseph L. Blau - 1945 - Journal of Philosophy 42 (7):191-193.
  16. A Prosentential Theory of Truth.Dorothy L. Grover, Joseph L. Camp & Nuel D. Belnap - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 27 (1):73--125.
  17.  21
    Learning Hypothesis Spaces and Dimensions Through Concept Learning.Joseph L. Austerweil & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 73--78.
  18.  25
    The United States Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (2006): New Challenges to Balancing Patient Rights and Physician Responsibilities.Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2:19.
    Advance health care directives and informed consent remain the cornerstones of patients' right to self-determination regarding medical care and preferences at the end-of-life. However, the effectiveness and clinical applicability of advance health care directives to decision-making on the use of life support systems at the end-of-life is questionable. The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (UAGA) has been revised in 2006 to permit the use of life support systems at or near death for the purpose of maximizing procurement opportunities of organs medically (...)
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  19.  68
    Presumed Consent for Organ Preservation in Uncontrolled Donation After Cardiac Death in the United States: A Public Policy with Serious Consequences. [REVIEW]Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan McGregor - 2009 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4:1-8.
    Organ donation after cessation of circulation and respiration, both controlled and uncontrolled, has been proposed by the Institute of Medicine as a way to increase opportunities for organ procurement. Despite claims to the contrary, both forms of controlled and uncontrolled donation after cardiac death raise significant ethical and legal issues. Identified causes for concern include absence of agreement on criteria for the declaration of death, nonexistence of universal guidelines for duration before stopping resuscitation efforts and techniques, and assumption of presumed (...)
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  20.  38
    Play and Possibility.Joseph L. Esposito - 1974 - Philosophy Today 18 (2):137-146.
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  21.  2
    The Metaphysics of Edmund Burke.Joseph L. Pappin - 1993 - Fordham University Press.
    The most recent commentators on Edmund Burke have renewed the charge that his political thought lacks the consistency and coherency necessary to even claim the status of a political philosophy and that he is indeed a "utilitarian." They mark him off as an "ideologist," a "rhetorician," and a "deliberate propagandist." Even Burke’s Reflections on the Revolution in France, his most profound statement of a political philosophy, is regarded by some as a work of mere "persuasion," not "philosophy." All this occurs (...)
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  22.  87
    Ethical Decision-Making Differences Between American and Moroccan Managers.A. Ben Oumlil & Joseph L. Balloun - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):457-478.
    Our research’s aim is to assess the effect of cultural factors on business ethical decision-making process in a Western cultural context and in a non-Western cultural context. Specifically, this study investigates ethical perceptions, religiosity, personal moral philosophies, corporate ethical values, gender, and ethical intentions of U.S. and Moroccan business managers. The findings demonstrate that significant differences do exist between the two countries in idealism and relativism. Moroccan managers tend to be more idealistic than the U.S. managers. There is a strong (...)
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  23.  91
    Islam and End-of-Life Practices in Organ Donation for Transplantation: New Questions and Serious Sociocultural Consequences. [REVIEW]Mohamed Y. Rady, Joseph L. Verheijde & Muna S. Ali - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (2):175-205.
    Islam and End-of-Life Practices in Organ Donation for Transplantation: New Questions and Serious Sociocultural Consequences Content Type Journal Article Pages 175-205 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9095-8 Authors Mohamed Y. Rady, Mayo Clinic Hospital in Phoenix 5777 East Mayo Boulevard Phoenix Arizona USA 85054 Joseph L. Verheijde, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine 5777 East Mayo Boulevard Phoenix Arizona USA 85054 Muna S. Ali, Arizona State University Phoenix Arizona USA Journal HEC Forum Online ISSN 1572-8498 Print ISSN 0956-2737 Journal Volume Volume 21 Journal Issue (...)
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  24.  6
    Analyzing Knowledge Retrieval Impairments Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease Using Network Analyses.Jeffrey C. Zemla & Joseph L. Austerweil - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-12.
    A defining characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease is difficulty in retrieving semantic memories, or memories encoding facts and knowledge. While it has been suggested that this impairment is caused by a degradation of the semantic store, the precise ways in which the semantic store is degraded are not well understood. Using a longitudinal corpus of semantic fluency data, we derive semantic network representations of patients with Alzheimer’s disease and of healthy controls. We contrast our network-based approach with analyzing fluency data with (...)
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  25.  43
    Pleasure and Pain: A Study in Philosophical Psychology.Joseph L. Cowan - 1968 - Macmillan.
  26.  8
    The Internet, Intel and the Vigilante Stakeholder.Joseph L. Badaracco - 1997 - Business Ethics: A European Review 6 (1):18-29.
  27.  25
    Transformative Communication as a Cultural Tool for Guiding Inquiry Science.Joseph L. Polman & Roy D. Pea - 2001 - Science Education 85 (3):223-238.
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  28.  16
    Synechism, Socialism, and Cybernetics.Joseph L. Esposito - 1973 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 9 (2):63 - 78.
  29.  55
    Against God’s Moral Goodness.Joseph L. Lombardi - 2005 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 79 (2):313-326.
    While denying that God has moral obligations, William Alston defends divine moral goodness based on God’s performance of supererogatory acts. The present article argues that an agent without obligations cannot perform supererogatory acts. Hence, divine moral goodness cannot be established on that basis. Defenses of divine moral obligation by Eleonore Stump and Nicholas Wolterstorff are also questioned. Against Stump, it is argued (among other things) that the temptations of Jesus do not establish the existence of a tendency to sin in (...)
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  30.  70
    Mindreading: Mental State Ascription and Cognitive Architecture.Joseph L. H. Cruz - 1998 - Mind and Language 13 (3):323-340.
    The debate between the theory-theory and simulation has largely ignored issues of cognitive architecture. In the philosophy of psychology, cognition as symbol manipulation is the orthodoxy. The challenge from connectionism, however, has attracted vigorous and renewed interest. In this paper I adopt connectionism as the antecedent of a conditional: If connectionism is the correct account of cognitive architecture, then the simulation theory should be preferred over the theory-theory. I use both developmental evidence and constraints on explanation in psychology to support (...)
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  31.  11
    Random Walks on Semantic Networks Can Resemble Optimal Foraging.Joshua T. Abbott, Joseph L. Austerweil & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (3):558-569.
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  32.  18
    The Internet, Intel and the Vigilante Stakeholder.Joseph L. Badaracco - 1997 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 6 (1):18-29.
    The Internet furore over Intel’s flawed Pentium chip provides an important case study of the ethical ambiguity of internet communications and the legitimacy of certain forms of “electronic activism”. Joseph Badaracco, Jr., is John Shad Professor of Business Ethics at the Harvard Business School and his co‐author is a former Research Associate at Harvard and currently on the editorial staff of Inc. magazine.
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  33.  35
    Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Logic.Joseph L. Cowan - 1961 - Philosophical Review 70 (3):362-375.
    In this article it is argued that wittgenstein advanced a critique of the mythology of deduction as destructive as hume's critique of the myth of induction, And that objections to wittgenstein's assembled remainders in this regard depend for their apparent force on continuing to accept the very assumptions he has shown untenable.
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  34.  27
    Deliberation and Determinism.Joseph L. Cowan - 1969 - American Philosophical Quarterly 6 (1):53-61.
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  35.  30
    John Dewey's Theory of History.Joseph L. Blau - 1960 - Journal of Philosophy 57 (3):89-100.
  36.  19
    Peirce and Naturphilosophie.Joseph L. Esposito - 1977 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 13 (2):122 - 141.
  37.  8
    Men and Movements in American Philosophy.Joseph L. Blau - 1952 - Greenwood Press.
  38.  58
    Truth and Substitution Quantifiers.Joseph L. Camp - 1975 - Noûs 9 (2):165-185.
  39.  30
    The Uses of Argument--An Apology for Logic.Joseph L. Cowan - 1964 - Mind 73 (289):27-45.
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  40.  22
    On Getting the Sceptic to Heaven.Joseph L. Esposito - 1976 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (1):311 - 316.
  41.  17
    Hume and the Transcendental Idealists.Joseph L. Esposito - 1976 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 14 (4):431-442.
  42. Brain-Dead Patients Are Not Cadavers: The Need to Revise the Definition of Death in Muslim Communities. [REVIEW]Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde - 2013 - HEC Forum 25 (1):25-45.
    The utilitarian construct of two alternative criteria of human death increases the supply of transplantable organs at the end of life. Neither the neurological criterion (heart-beating donation) nor the circulatory criterion (non-heart-beating donation) is grounded in scientific evidence but based on philosophical reasoning. A utilitarian death definition can have unintended consequences for dying Muslim patients: (1) the expedited process of determining death for retrieval of transplantable organs can lead to diagnostic errors, (2) the equivalence of brain death with human death (...)
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  43.  21
    Analyzing the History of Cognition Using Topic Models.Uriel Cohen Priva & Joseph L. Austerweil - 2015 - Cognition 135:4-9.
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  44.  31
    The Relation of Strategy and Morality.Joseph L. Allen - 1963 - Ethics 73 (3):167-178.
  45.  21
    A Theological Approach to Moral Rights.Joseph L. Allen - 1974 - Journal of Religious Ethics 2 (1):119 - 141.
    In seeking to determine what place, if any, the concept of moral rights can and/or should have in theological ethics, it is first necessary to clarify the nature of the concept. On this task contemporary moral philosophy is found to be especially helpful. It is then suggested that from a theological standpoint an appeal to moral rights might be justified by reference to (1) the moral fabric of persons under God, (2) the worth of persons as ends, and (3) the (...)
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  46. Worship and Moral Autonomy.Joseph L. Lombardi - 1988 - Religious Studies 24 (2):101 - 119.
  47.  57
    The Gambler's Fallacy.Joseph L. Cowan - 1969 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (2):238-251.
  48.  22
    Evolutionary Thought in America.Joseph L. Blau - 1952 - Journal of Philosophy 49 (2):48-51.
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  49.  32
    James Rachels on Kant’s Basic Idea.Joseph L. Lombardi - 1997 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 71 (1):53-58.
  50.  37
    The Moral Code in Islam and Organ Donation in Western Countries: Reinterpreting Religious Scriptures to Meet Utilitarian Medical Objectives.Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9:11.
    End-of-life organ donation is controversial in Islam. The controversy stems from: scientifically flawed medical criteria of death determination; invasive perimortem procedures for preserving transplantable organs; and incomplete disclosure of information to consenting donors and families. Data from a survey of Muslims residing in Western countries have shown that the interpretation of religious scriptures and advice of faith leaders were major barriers to willingness for organ donation. Transplant advocates have proposed corrective interventions: reinterpreting religious scriptures, reeducating faith leaders, and utilizing media (...)
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