Results for 'Stephen D. Mumford'

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  1. Causation and evidence-based practive - an ontological review.Roger Kerry, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Svein Anders Noer Lie, Stephen D. Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1006-1012.
    We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation from a dispositionalist stance, many (...)
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  2.  50
    Analysis of scientific truth status in controlled rehabilitation trials.Roger Kerry, Aurélien Madouasse, Antony Arthur & Stephen D. Mumford - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):617-625.
  3.  92
    Articles: Validation of ethical decision making measures: Evidence for a new set of measures.Michael D. Mumford, Lynn D. Devenport, Ryan P. Brown, Shane Connelly, Stephen T. Murphy, Jason H. Hill & Alison L. Antes - 2006 - Ethics and Behavior 16 (4):319 – 345.
    Ethical decision making measures are widely applied as the principal dependent variable used in studies of research integrity. However, evidence bearing on the internal and external validity of these measures is not available. In this study, ethical decision making measures were administered to 102 graduate students in the biological, health, and social sciences, along with measures examining exposure to ethical breaches and the severity of punishments recommended. The ethical decision making measure was found to be related to exposure to ethical (...)
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  4. A sensemaking approach to ethics training for scientists: Preliminary evidence of training effectiveness.Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly, Ryan P. Brown, Stephen T. Murphy, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Ethan P. Waples & Lynn D. Devenport - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (4):315 – 339.
    In recent years, we have seen a new concern with ethics training for research and development professionals. Although ethics training has become more common, the effectiveness of the training being provided is open to question. In the present effort, a new ethics training course was developed that stresses the importance of the strategies people apply to make sense of ethical problems. The effectiveness of this training was assessed in a sample of 59 doctoral students working in the biological and social (...)
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  5. Environmental influences on ethical decision making: Climate and environmental predictors of research integrity.Michael D. Mumford, Stephen T. Murphy, Shane Connelly, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Ryan P. Brown & Lynn D. Devenport - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (4):337 – 366.
    It is commonly held that early career experiences influence ethical behavior. One way early career experiences might operate is to influence the decisions people make when presented with problems that raise ethical concerns. To test this proposition, 102 first-year doctoral students were asked to complete a series of measures examining ethical decision making along with a series of measures examining environmental experiences and climate perceptions. Factoring of the environmental measure yielded five dimensions: professional leadership, poor coping, lack of rewards, limited (...)
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  6.  75
    A Meta-Analysis of Ethics Instruction Effectiveness in the Sciences.Lynn D. Devenport, Shane Connelly, Ryan P. Brown, Michael D. Mumford, Ethan P. Waples, Alison L. Antes & Stephen T. Murphy - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (5):379-402.
    Scholars have proposed a number of courses and programs intended to improve the ethical behavior of scientists in an attempt to maintain the integrity of the scientific enterprise. In the present study, we conducted a quantitative meta-analysis based on 26 previous ethics program evaluation efforts, and the results showed that the overall effectiveness of ethics instruction was modest. The effects of ethics instruction, however, were related to a number of instructional program factors, such as course content and delivery methods, in (...)
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  7. Exposure to Unethical Career Events: Effects on Decision Making, Climate, and Socialization.Lynn D. Devenport, Ryan P. Brown, Stephen T. Murphy, Alison L. Antes, Ethan P. Waples, Michael D. Mumford & Shane Connelly - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (5):351-378.
    An implicit goal of many interventions intended to enhance integrity is to minimize peoples' exposure to unethical events. The intent of the present effort was to examine if exposure to unethical practices in the course of one's work is related to ethical decision making. Accordingly, 248 doctoral students in the biological, health, and social sciences were asked to complete a field appropriate measure of ethical decision making. In addition, they were asked to complete measures examining the perceived acceptability of unethical (...)
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  8.  42
    Intentionality and the Physical: A New Theory of Disposition Ascription.Stephen Mumford - 1999 - Philosophical Quarterly 49 (195):215-225.
    This paper has three aims. First, I aim to stress the importance of the issue of the dispositional/categorical distinction in the light of the evident failure of the traditional formulation, which is in terms of conditional entailment. Second, I consider one radical new alternative on offer from Ullin Place: intentionality as the mark of the dispositional. I explain the appeal of physical intentionality, but show it ultimately to be unacceptable. Finally, I suggest what would be a better theory. If we (...)
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  9.  97
    Field and Experience Influences on Ethical Decision Making in the Sciences.Ethan P. Waples, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Lynn D. Devenport, Stephen T. Murphy, Shane Connelly, Michael D. Mumford & Ryan P. Brown - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (4):263-289.
    Differences across fields and experience levels are frequently considered in discussions of ethical decision making and ethical behavior. In the present study, doctoral students in the health, biological, and social sciences completed measures of ethical decision making. The effects of field and level of experience with respect to ethical decision making, metacognitive reasoning strategies, social-behavioral responses, and exposure to unethical events were examined. Social and biological scientists performed better than health scientists with respect to ethical decision making. Furthermore, the ethical (...)
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  10.  53
    A Meta-Analytic Investigation of Business Ethics Instruction.Ethan P. Waples, Alison L. Antes, Stephen T. Murphy, Shane Connelly & Michael D. Mumford - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):133-151.
    The education of students and professionals in business ethics is an increasingly important goal on the agenda of business schools and corporations. The present study provides a meta-analysis of 25 previously conducted business ethics instructional programs. The role of criteria, study design, participant characteristics, quality of instruction, instructional content, instructional program characteristics, and characteristics of instructional methods as moderators of the effectiveness of business ethics instruction were examined. Overall, results indicate that business ethics instructional programs have a minimal␣impact on increasing (...)
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  11.  5
    Powers: A Study in Metaphysics.D. M. Armstrong - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (2):485-486.
    George Molnar died before finishing his book. He did not write a first chapter, and planned applications of his theory were left in an incomplete state. Nevertheless, what we do have makes this volume one of the important works of metaphysics to appear in recent years. A great debt of gratitude is owed to Stephen Mumford. He has written an excellent substitute for Molnar’s introductory chapter, and given an impressive amount of order to the concluding material.
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  12.  29
    Nature's powers and God's energies.Flavius D. Raslau - 2022 - Zygon 57 (1):60-83.
    Zygon®, Volume 57, Issue 1, Page 60-83, March 2022.
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  13.  19
    Functional connectivity associated with five different categories of Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) triggers.Stephen D. Smith, Beverley Katherine Fredborg & Jennifer Kornelsen - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:103021.
  14. Grave New World: The End of Globalization, the Return of History.Stephen D. King - 2017
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  15.  18
    Echoes of echoes? An episodic theory of lexical access.Stephen D. Goldinger - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (2):251-279.
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  16. The Nature of Respect.Stephen D. Hudson - 1980 - Social Theory and Practice 6 (1):69-90.
  17.  12
    Human character and morality: reflections from the history of ideas.Stephen D. Hudson - 1986 - Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  18.  15
    : Physico-Theology: Religion and Science in Europe, 1650–1750.Stephen D. Snobelen - 2024 - Isis 115 (2):403-406.
  19.  62
    The Meaning of Life and the Great Philosophers.Stephen D. Leach & James Tartaglia (eds.) - 2018 - New York: Routledge.
    The Meaning of Life and the Great Philosophers reveals how great philosophers of the past sought to answer the question of the meaning of life. This edited collection includes thirty-five chapters which each focus on a major figure, from Confucius to Rorty, and that imaginatively engage with the topic from their perspective. This volume also contains a Postscript on the historical origins and original significance of the phrase 'the meaning of life'.
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  20.  4
    Do We Learn Anything from Kirshner?Stephen D. Krasner - 2024 - Analyse & Kritik 46 (1):229-235.
    Kirshner may be right that domestic politics does matter, but he does not tell us how to understand domestic politics. How are we, for instance, to understand domestic cohesion? How are we to understand national purpose? More important, what is the impact of nuclear weapons? Do these weapons obliterate all past information about power? Are nuclear weapons all that matter? Is it possible to fight a limited nuclear war? Is North Korea as strong as the United States? Such questions have (...)
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  21.  63
    Reason and Motivation in Aristotle.Stephen D. Hudson - 1981 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (1):111 - 135.
    Everyone knows what it is to feel a conflict between a ‘non-rational’ desire and reason, as e.g., when we want a second dish of ice cream but think it would be unwise to take it. In such cases we commonly think of our desires as unreasonable: they prompt us to perform some action contrary to our deliberations. Nevertheless, most of us assume that reason can move us: that simply recognizing an act as the most reasonable thing to do gives us (...)
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  22.  30
    Taking virtues seriously.Stephen D. Hudson - 1981 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 59 (2):189 – 202.
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  23.  5
    Duns Scot: de la métaphyisique à l'éthique.Stephen D. Dumont - 1999
    L'importance de Duns Scot (1265?-1308) pour l'histoire de la métaphysique et de l'éthique n'est plus à démontrer. En demandant à Olivier Boulnois de recueillir ces études, Philosophie tente de se faire l'écho de la floraison récente de travaux consacrés à cet auteur, aussi bien à l'étranger qu'en France. L'article de Stephen Dumont souligne la place fondamentale de Scot dans l'histoire de la métaphysique. Mais au lieu de se centrer sur la tradition moderne de la métaphysique transcendantale (de Suarez à (...)
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  24.  34
    AI in the noosphere: an alignment of scientific and wisdom traditions.Stephen D. Edwards - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (1):397-399.
  25.  18
    The HeartMath coherence model: implications and challenges for artificial intelligence and robotics.Stephen D. Edwards - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (4):899-905.
    HeartMath is a contemporary, scientific, coherent model of heart intelligence. The aim of this paper is to review this coherence model with special reference to its implications for artificial intelligence and robotics. Various conceptual issues, implications and challenges for AI and robotics are discussed. In view of seemingly infinite human capacity for creative, destructive and incoherent behaviour, it is highly recommended that designers and operators be persons of heart intelligence, optimal moral integrity, vision and mission. This implies that AI and (...)
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  26. The true frame of nature : Isaac Newton, heresy, and the reformation of natural philosophy.Stephen D. Snobelen - 2005 - In John Hedley Brooke & Ian Maclean (eds.), Heterodoxy in Early Modern Science and Religion. Oxford University Press.
     
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  27.  21
    Dietrich von Hildebrand on the Role of the Heart and the Will in Love.Stephen D. Schwarz - 2013 - Quaestiones Disputatae 3 (2):135-144.
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  28.  32
    The Wind from Vulture Peak: The Buddhification of Japanese Waka in the Heian Period.Stephen D. Miller - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
  29.  53
    A hemispheric asymmetry for the unconscious perception of emotion.Stephen D. Smith & M. Barbara Bulman-Fleming - 2004 - Brain and Cognition 55 (3):452-457.
  30.  8
    Philosophy begins in wonder.Stephen D. Schwarz - 2022 - St. Louis, Missouri: En Route Books and Media, LLC. Edited by Kiki Latimer.
    This book is the compilation of over fifty years of teaching Metaphysics, Philosophy of the Person, Epistemology, and Ethics, including Virtue Ethics, in the classroom setting. Philosophy Begins in Wonder offers the classroom dynamic on the written page. Here you will find philosophical questions raised, many possible answers provided, guidance in discerning how to evaluate the answers, and encouragement for even greater considerations beyond the scope of this book. Philosophy that begins in wonder is open to proceeding further in a (...)
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  31.  9
    The Bible after Deleuze: affects, assemblages, bodies without organs.Stephen D. Moore - 2022 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    The impact of Gilles Deleuze on critical thought in the opening decades of the twenty-first century rivals that of Jacques Derrida or Michel Foucault on critical thought in the closing decades of the twentieth. The "Deleuze and..." industry is in overdrive in the humanities, the social sciences, and beyond, busily connecting Deleuzian philosophy to everything from literature to architecture, metaphysics to mathematics, ethics to physics, sexuality to technology, and ecology to theology. What of Deleuze and the Bible? What does the (...)
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  32.  15
    Conflicts of Interest in the Roles of the University Professor.Stephen D. Sugarman - 2005 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 6 (1):255-275.
    American universities are increasingly proactive in dealing with conflict of interest problems of their faculty. Changing social norms, publicized scandals, and more have made both university administrators and faculty extra alert to the dangers of faculty infidelity to their roles as teachers and scholars. Personal interests — both financial and non-financial — appear increasingly to pressure faculty to behave inappropriately. Most faculty members resist those pressures. Yet, enough conduct that either is, or appears to be, improper has occurred to prompt (...)
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  33. Transcendental being: Scotus and scotists.Stephen D. Dumont - 1992 - Topoi 11 (2):135-148.
    Of singular importance to the medieval theory of transcendentals was the position of John Duns Scotus that there could be a concept of being univocally common, not only to substance and accidents, but even to God and creatures. Scotus''s doctrine of univocal transcendental concepts violated the accepted view that, owing to its generality, no transcendental notion could be univocal. The major difficulty facing Scotus''s doctrine of univocity was to explain how a real, as opposed to a purely logical, concept could (...)
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  34. The History of English Law: Centenary Essays on ‘Pollock and Maitland’.D. White Stephen - 1996
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  35.  15
    Understanding Abortion: From Mixed Feelings to Rational Thought.Stephen D. Schwarz & Kiki Latimer - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    A stunning compilation of the strongest pro-choice and pro-life arguments brought together for the first time in a single work that allows for meaningful comparisons and intelligent dialogue. This gives the discerning reader an opportunity to see both sides comprehensively; and move beyond emotionally charged mixed feelings to rational thought.
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  36.  4
    Influencing the Preferences of Children through Legal Impacts on Parenting Style.Stephen D. Sugarman - 2021 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 22 (2):329-343.
    The overriding theme of the conference honoring Bob Cooter and his work is the question whether law and policy can change people’s preferences. The conventional “law and economics” answer is “no.” People have preferences that are fixed. What changes in law and policy do is to change how people behave by altering the costs and benefits people face in pursuit of their preferences. Put simply, the assumption of the “law and economics” model is that people respond to financial incentives by (...)
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  37.  20
    Finite inseparability of some theories of cylindrification algebras.Stephen D. Comer - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (2):171-176.
    An elementary theory T in a language L is (strongly) finitely inseparable if the set of logically valid sentences of L and the set of T-finitely refutable sentences are recursively inseparable. In §1 we establish a sufficient condition for the elementary theory of a class of BA's with operators to be finitely inseparable. This is done using the methods developed independently by M. Rabin and D. Scott (see [6]) on the one hand and by Ershov on the other (see [2]).
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  38. Contemplative investigation into Christ consciousness with Heart Prayer and HeartMath practices.Stephen D. Edwards & David J. Edwards - 2017 - HTS Theological Studies 73 (3).
    An exploratory pilot study with a small homogenous sample of Christian English speaking participants provided support for an alternative research hypothesis that a Christ consciousness contemplation with Heart Prayer of HeartMath techniques was significantly associated with increasing psychophysiological coherence, sense of coherence, spirituality and health perceptions. Participants described feelings of a peaceful place in oneness and connection with Christ. Integrative findings point towards Christ consciousness as an ultimately non-dual process of sensing vibrational resonance radiating from the human heart. Implications for (...)
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  39. The Origin of Scotus's Theory of Synchronic Contingency.Stephen D. Dumont - 1995 - Modern Schoolman 72 (2-3):149-167.
  40.  6
    Divinanimality: animal theory, creaturely theology.Stephen D. Moore (ed.) - 2014 - New York: Fordham University Press.
    This volume is the first full-length attempt from within the fields of theological and biblical studies to grapple with "the turn to the animal" currently underway in the humanities, a turn catalyzed in part by the animality theory that has issued from such thinkers as Jacques Derrida and Donna Haraway.
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  41.  32
    Is Agent-Causal Libertarianism Unintelligible?Stephen D. Mizell - 2020 - Philosophia Reformata 85 (1):1-19.
    Critics often charge that agent-causal libertarianism is unintelligible due to the uniqueness of agent-causation—the sui generis causal relationship said to be involved when agents make free choices. This paper presents five objections, which are taken to be the only good objections, to agent-causal libertarianism and argues they all fail to show agent-causal libertarianism is unintelligible. The first four objections fail outright. The fifth objection fails in a special way. Naturalistic agent-causal libertarian theories succumb to this fifth objection; theistic agent-causal libertarian (...)
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  42. Hemispheric specialization for the conscious and unconscious perception of emotional stimuli.Stephen D. Smith - 2005
  43. Socinianism, heresy and John Locke's Reasonableness of Christianity.Stephen D. Snobelen - 2001 - Enlightenment and Dissent 20:88-125.
     
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  44.  37
    Fate and Historical Existence.Stephen D. Crites - 1969 - The Monist 53 (1):14-39.
    I. The word ‘history’ and its derivatives are used in many different senses among modern philosophers, theologians, and historians. While we need not rehearse here the various meanings of the word in current use, it will serve our purpose to call attention to a very general distinction which seems quite essential to any attempt to do so. Some meanings of ‘history’ or ‘historical’ refer to an actual course of events as they occur or are enacted. Other meanings refer to the (...)
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  45.  29
    The ends of a continuum: genetic and temperature-dependent sex determination in reptiles.Stephen D. Sarre, Arthur Georges & Alex Quinn - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (6):639-645.
    Two prevailing paradigms explain the diversity of sex-determining modes in reptiles. Many researchers, particularly those who study reptiles, consider genetic and environmental sex-determining mechanisms to be fundamentally different, and that one can be demonstrated experimentally to the exclusion of the other. Other researchers, principally those who take a broader taxonomic perspective, argue that no clear boundaries exist between them. Indeed, we argue that genetic and environmental sex determination in reptiles should be seen as a continuum of states represented by species (...)
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  46.  16
    I. Die Schlafwandler.Stephen D. Dowden - 2013 - In Paul Michael Lützeler & Michael Kessler (eds.), Hermann-Broch-Handbuch. De Gruyter. pp. 91-114.
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  47.  6
    I. Die Schlafwandler.Stephen D. Dowden - 2013 - In Paul Michael Lützeler & Michael Kessler (eds.), Hermann-Broch-Handbuch. De Gruyter. pp. 91-114.
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  48.  28
    A Note On Thomas Wylton And Ms. Ripoll 95.Stephen D. Dumont - 2005 - Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale 47:117-123.
  49.  26
    The HeartMath coherence model: implications and challenges for artificial intelligence and robotics.Stephen D. Edwards - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (4):899-905.
    HeartMath is a contemporary, scientific, coherent model of heart intelligence. The aim of this paper is to review this coherence model with special reference to its implications for artificial intelligence and robotics. Various conceptual issues, implications and challenges for AI and robotics are discussed. In view of seemingly infinite human capacity for creative, destructive and incoherent behaviour, it is highly recommended that designers and operators be persons of heart intelligence, optimal moral integrity, vision and mission. This implies that AI and (...)
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  50.  71
    The Univocity of the Concept of Being in the Fourteenth Century: II. The De ente of Peter Thomae.Stephen D. Dumont - 1988 - Mediaeval Studies 50 (1):186-256.
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