Results for 'Tentori Katya'

63 found
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  1.  45
    Irrelevant Conjunction: Statement and Solution of a New Paradox.Vincenzo Crupi & Katya Tentori - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (1):1-13.
    The so‐called problem of irrelevant conjunction has been seen as a serious challenge for theories of confirmation. It involves the consequences of conjoining irrelevant statements to a hypothesis that is confirmed by some piece of evidence. Following Hawthorne and Fitelson, we reconstruct the problem with reference to Bayesian confirmation theory. Then we extend it to the case of conjoining irrelevant statements to a hypothesis that is dis confirmed by some piece of evidence. As a consequence, we obtain and formally present (...)
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  2.  47
    On Bayesian Measures of Evidential Support: Theoretical and Empirical Issues.Vincenzo Crupi, Katya Tentori & and Michel Gonzalez - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (2):229-252.
    Epistemologists and philosophers of science have often attempted to express formally the impact of a piece of evidence on the credibility of a hypothesis. In this paper we will focus on the Bayesian approach to evidential support. We will propose a new formal treatment of the notion of degree of confirmation and we will argue that it overcomes some limitations of the currently available approaches on two grounds: (i) a theoretical analysis of the confirmation relation seen as an extension of (...)
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  3.  37
    A Second Look at the Logic of Explanatory Power (with Two Novel Representation Theorems).Vincenzo Crupi & Katya Tentori - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (3):365-385.
  4.  12
    On the Determinants of the Conjunction Fallacy: Probability Versus Inductive Confirmation.Katya Tentori, Vincenzo Crupi & Selena Russo - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):235.
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  5. Probability, Confirmation, and the Conjunction Fallacy.Vincenzo Crupi, Branden Fitelson & Katya Tentori - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (2):182 – 199.
    The conjunction fallacy has been a key topic in debates on the rationality of human reasoning and its limitations. Despite extensive inquiry, however, the attempt to provide a satisfactory account of the phenomenon has proved challenging. Here we elaborate the suggestion (first discussed by Sides, Osherson, Bonini, & Viale, 2002) that in standard conjunction problems the fallacious probability judgements observed experimentally are typically guided by sound assessments of _confirmation_ relations, meant in terms of contemporary Bayesian confirmation theory. Our main formal (...)
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  6.  16
    Comparison of Confirmation Measures.Katya Tentori, Vincenzo Crupi, Nicolao Bonini & Daniel Osherson - 2007 - Cognition 103 (1):107-119.
  7.  34
    State of the Field: Measuring Information and Confirmation.Vincenzo Crupi & Katya Tentori - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 47:81-90.
  8.  14
    On the Conjunction Fallacy and the Meaning of and , yet Again: A Reply To.Katya Tentori & Vincenzo Crupi - 2012 - Cognition 122 (2):123-134.
  9.  6
    Why Quantum Probability Does Not Explain the Conjunction Fallacy.Katya Tentori & Vincenzo Crupi - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):308-310.
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  10.  23
    A Different Conjunction Fallacy.Nicolao Bonini, Katya Tentori & Daniel Osherson - 2004 - Mind and Language 19 (2):199–210.
    Because the conjunction pandq implies p, the value of a bet on pandq cannot exceed the value of a bet on p at the same stakes. We tested recognition of this principle in a betting paradigm that (a) discouraged misreading p as pandnotq, and (b) encouraged genuinely conjunctive reading of pandq. Frequent violations were nonetheless observed. The findings appear to discredit the idea that most people spontaneously integrate the logic of conjunction into their assessments of chance.
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  11.  2
    Noisy Probability Judgment, the Conjunction Fallacy, and Rationality: Comment on Costello and Watts.Vincenzo Crupi & Katya Tentori - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (1):97-102.
  12.  5
    Confirmation as Partial Entailment: A Representation Theorem in Inductive Logic.Vincenzo Crupi & Katya Tentori - 2013 - Journal of Applied Logic 11 (4):364-372.
  13.  19
    Judging the Probability of Hypotheses Versus the Impact of Evidence: Which Form of Inductive Inference Is More Accurate and Time‐Consistent?Katya Tentori, Nick Chater & Vincenzo Crupi - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (3):758-778.
    Inductive reasoning requires exploiting links between evidence and hypotheses. This can be done focusing either on the posterior probability of the hypothesis when updated on the new evidence or on the impact of the new evidence on the credibility of the hypothesis. But are these two cognitive representations equally reliable? This study investigates this question by comparing probability and impact judgments on the same experimental materials. The results indicate that impact judgments are more consistent in time and more accurate than (...)
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  14.  61
    How the Conjunction Fallacy is Tied to Probabilistic Confirmation: Some Remarks on Schupbach (2009).Katya Tentori & Vincenzo Crupi - 2012 - Synthese 184 (1):3-12.
    Crupi et al. (Think Reason 14:182–199, 2008) have recently advocated and partially worked out an account of the conjunction fallacy phenomenon based on the Bayesian notion of confirmation. In response, Schupbach (2009) presented a critical discussion as following from some novel experimental results. After providing a brief restatement and clarification of the meaning and scope of our original proposal, we will outline Schupbach’s results and discuss his interpretation thereof arguing that they do not actually undermine our point of view if (...)
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  15.  14
    Updating: Learning Versus Supposing.Jiaying Zhao, Vincenzo Crupi, Katya Tentori, Branden Fitelson & Daniel Osherson - 2012 - Cognition 124 (3):373-378.
  16.  3
    Erratum to “Confirmation as Partial Entailment” [Journal of Applied Logic 11 364–372].Vincenzo Crupi & Katya Tentori - 2014 - Journal of Applied Logic 12 (2):230-231.
  17.  18
    Conjunction and the Conjunction Fallacy.Katya Tentori, Nicolao Bonini & Daniel Osherson - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3).
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  18.  19
    Is Domain-General Thinking a Domain-Specific Adaptation?Vittorio Girotto & Katya Tentori - 2008 - Mind and Society 7 (2):167-175.
    According to Kanazawa (Psychol Rev 111:512–523, 2004), general intelligence, which he considers as a synonym of abstract thinking, evolved specifically to allow our ancestors to deal with evolutionary novel problems while conferring no advantage in solving evolutionary familiar ones. We present a study whereby the results contradict Kanazawa’s hypothesis by demonstrating that performance on an evolutionary novel problem (an abstract reasoning task) predicts performance on an evolutionary familiar problem (a social reasoning task).
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  19.  8
    Consumer Decision in the Context of a Food Hazard: The Effect of Commitment. [REVIEW]Michele Graffeo, Lucia Savadori, Katya Tentori, Nicolao Bonini & Rino Rumiati - 2009 - Mind and Society 8 (1):59-76.
    The European market has faced a series of recurrent food scares, e.g. mad cow disease, chicken flu, dioxin poisoning in chickens, salmons and recently also in pigs (Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera , 07/12/2008). These food scares have had, in the short term, major socio-economic consequences, eroding consumer confidence and decreasing the willingness to buy potentially risky food products. The research reported in this paper considered the role of commitment to a food product in the context of food scares, and (...)
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  20. Pseudodiagnosticity Revisited.Vincenzo Crupi, Katya Tentori & Luigi Lombardi - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):971-985.
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  21. Children’s Quantitative Bayesian Inferences From Natural Frequencies and Number of Chances.Stefania Pighin, Vittorio Girotto & Katya Tentori - 2017 - Cognition 168:164-175.
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  22. Children’s Quantitative Bayesian Inferences From Natural Frequencies and Number of Chances.Stefania Pighin, Vittorio Girotto & Katya Tentori - 2017 - Cognition 168:164-175.
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  23.  76
    New Axioms for Probability and Likelihood Ratio Measures.V. Crupi, N. Chater & K. Tentori - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (1):189-204.
    Probability ratio and likelihood ratio measures of inductive support and related notions have appeared as theoretical tools for probabilistic approaches in the philosophy of science, the psychology of reasoning, and artificial intelligence. In an effort of conceptual clarification, several authors have pursued axiomatic foundations for these two families of measures. Such results have been criticized, however, as relying on unduly demanding or poorly motivated mathematical assumptions. We provide two novel theorems showing that probability ratio and likelihood ratio measures can be (...)
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  24.  6
    The Conjunction Fallacy: A Misunderstanding About Conjunction?K. Tentori - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3):467-477.
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  25. On the Determinants of the Conjunction Fallacy: Confirmation Versus Probability.K. Tentori, V. Crupi & S. Russo - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142:235-55.
     
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  26. A New Conjunction Fallacy.N. Bonini, K. Tentori & D. Osherson - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
     
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  27.  25
    On Three Measures of Explanatory Power with Axiomatic Representations.Michael P. Cohen - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (4):1077-1089.
    Jonah N. Schupbach and Jan Sprenger and Vincenzo Crupi and Katya Tentori have recently proposed measures of explanatory power and have shown that they are characterized by certain arguably desirable conditions or axioms. I further examine the properties of these two measures, and a third measure considered by I. J. Good and Timothy McGrew . This third measure also has an axiomatic representation. I consider a simple coin-tossing example in which only the Crupi–Tentori measure does not perform (...)
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  28. The Conjunction Fallacy, Confirmation, and Quantum Theory: Comment on Tentori, Crupi, and Russo.Jerome R. Busemeyer, Zheng Wang, Emmanuel M. Pothos & Jennifer S. Trueblood - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (1):236-243.
  29.  5
    Probability Theory Plus Noise: Replies to Crupi and Tentori and to Nilsson, Juslin, and Winman.Fintan Costello & Paul Watts - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (1):112-123.
  30.  82
    Review: Katya Mandoki, Everyday Aesthetics: Prosaics, the Play of Culture and Social Identities (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007). [REVIEW]Tim Corballis - 2008 - Thesis Eleven 95 (1):147-149.
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  31.  9
    Everyday Aesthetics: Prosaics, the Play of Culture and Social Identitiesby Mandoki, Katya.Theodore Gracyk - 2008 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 66 (4):422-424.
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  32.  29
    Applying Asset-Based Community Development as a Strategy for CSR: A Canadian Perspective on a Win–Win for Stakeholders and SMEs.Kyla Fisher, Jessica Geenen, Marie Jurcevic, Katya McClintock & Glynn Davis - 2009 - Business Ethics 18 (1):66-82.
    In the December 2006 edition of Harvard Business Review , Michael Porter and Mark Kramer argue that by approaching corporate social responsibility (CSR) based on corporate priorities, strengths and abilities, firms can develop socially and fiscally responsible solutions to current CSR issues, which will provide operational and competitive advantages. We agree that an effective approach to CSR includes a mapping of strategy, risk and opportunity. However, we also caution that the identification of these to the exclusion of societal input may (...)
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  33. Does Information Inform Confirmation?Colin Howson - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7):2307-2321.
    In a recent survey of the literature on the relation between information and confirmation, Crupi and Tentori claim that the former is a fruitful source of insight into the latter, with two well-known measures of confirmation being definable purely information-theoretically. I argue that of the two explicata of semantic information which are considered by the authors, the one generating a popular Bayesian confirmation measure is a defective measure of information, while the other, although an admissible measure of information, generates (...)
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  34. The Indispensable Excess of the Aesthetic: Evolution of Sensibility in Nature.Katya Mandoki - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This book offers a compelling account of the evolution of sensibility, weaving together Darwinian and biosemiotic theory. It works along non-anthropomorphic aesthetics of the appreciation and creation of beauty in nature as an end in itself which has practical benefit.
     
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  35.  2
    Applying Asset-Based Community Development as a Strategy for CSR: A Canadian Perspective on a Win-Win for Stakeholders and SMEs.Kyla Fisher, Jessica Geenen, Marie Jurcevic, Katya McClintock & Glynn Davis - 2009 - Business Ethics: A European Review 18 (1):66-82.
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  36. Philosophy and Geography Iii: Philosophies of Place.Philip Brey, Lee Caragata, James Dickinson, David Glidden, Sara Gottlieb, Bruce Hannon, Ian Howard, Jeff Malpas, Katya Mandoki, Jonathan Maskit, Bryan G. Norton, Roger Paden, David Roberts, Holmes Rolston Iii, Izhak Schnell, Jonathon M. Smith, David Wasserman & Mick Womersley - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    A growing literature testifies to the persistence of place as an incorrigible aspect of human experience, identity, and morality. Place is a common ground for thought and action, a community of experienced particulars that avoids solipsism and universalism. It draws us into the philosophy of the ordinary, into familiarity as a form of knowledge, into the wisdom of proximity. Each of these essays offers a philosophy of place, and reminds us that such philosophies ultimately decide how we make, use, and (...)
     
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  37.  1
    Power and Semiosis.Katya Mandoki - 2004 - Semiotica 2004 (151).
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  38.  13
    RED: ADHD Under the “Micro-Scope” of the Rat Model.Katya Rubia - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):439-440.
    Derived from a rat model, the theory of Sagvolden et al. offers an all-explanatory model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) anatomy, behaviour, and cognition as being caused predominantly by a hypo-dopaminergic mesolimbic (affecting the mesocortical and nigrostriatal) system, leading to abnormal reward and extinction processes. This model suffers from oversimplification and reductionism, reflecting the limitations of the use of animal models to explain higher mental disorders.
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  39.  27
    Reflex Theory in a Linguistic Context: Sergej M. Dobrogaev on the Social Nature of Speech Production.Katya Chown - 2008 - Studies in East European Thought 60 (4):307-319.
    The development of reflex theory in its Pavlovian interpretation had significant resonance in a wide range of academic research areas. Its impact on the so-called humanities was, perhaps, no less than the effect it had in medical science. The idea of the conditioned reflex suggesting a physiological explanation of behaviour patterns received a particularly warm welcome in philosophy and psychology as it provided a scientifically-based tool for a conceptual u-turn towards objectivism. This article looks into the ways these ideas contributed (...)
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  40.  3
    Hospital Prices Increase in California, Especially Among Hospitals in the Largest Multi-Hospital Systems.A. Melnick Glenn & Fonkych Katya - 2016 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 53:004695801665155.
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  41.  1
    A Unified Account of the Conjunction Fallacy by Coherence.L. Jönsson Martin & Shogenji Tomoji - forthcoming - Synthese:1-17.
    We propose a coherence account of the conjunction fallacy applicable to both of its two paradigms. We compare our account with a recent proposal by Tentori et al. : 235–255, 2013) that attempts to generalize earlier confirmation accounts. Their model works better than its predecessors in some respects, but it exhibits only a shallow form of generality and is unsatisfactory in other ways as well: it is strained, complex, and untestable as it stands. Our coherence account inherits the strength (...)
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  42.  2
    Phonological Concept Learning.Moreton Elliott, Pater Joe & Pertsova Katya - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (1):4-69.
    Linguistic and non-linguistic pattern learning have been studied separately, but we argue for a comparative approach. Analogous inductive problems arise in phonological and visual pattern learning. Evidence from three experiments shows that human learners can solve them in analogous ways, and that human performance in both cases can be captured by the same models. We test GMECCS, an implementation of the Configural Cue Model in a Maximum Entropy phonotactic-learning framework with a single free parameter, against the alternative hypothesis that learners (...)
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  43.  16
    Not an Innocent Pursuit: The Politics of a 'Jewish' Genetic Signature.Katya Gibel Azoulay - 2003 - Developing World Bioethics 3 (2):119–126.
    ABSTRACTThis commentary questions the presumption in genetic research that a biological connection exists between populations identified as Jewish. The author emphasises that identifying individuals as Jewish based on biological criteria is a sociological process that can draw attention away from other social mechanisms affecting identity construction. She also encourages critical consideration of the possible racialised thinking behind genetic anthropology studies, and the language used to express genetic findings. In conclusion, she calls for a radical cultural shift in the kind of (...)
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  44.  6
    An Enigmatic Text: Schefer's Quest Upon a Thing Unknown: On Jean Louis Schefer, The Enigmatic Body: Essays on the Arts.Katya Mandoki - 1998 - Film-Philosophy 2 (1).
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  45.  7
    Una discusión en la familia del asesino de Gaitán: estudio estético de una situación cotidiana.Monsalve Flórez Jhon Alexánder - 2014 - Escritos 22 (49):475-502.
    El estudio estético de las situaciones cotidianas es, fundamentalmente, el lugar de convergencia de modalidades dramáticas y registros retóricos que dan cuenta de los diversos factores que intervienen en los procesos de significación y comunicación. En este sentido, y a partir de la novela El crimen del siglo, de Miguel Torres, el artículo aquí propuesto tiene como fin presentar el análisis de una discusión entre Juan Roa Sierra, quien aparentemente es el asesino de Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, y su exmujer. Al (...)
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  46.  7
    Zoo-Aesthetics: A Natural Step After Darwin.Katya Mandoki - 2014 - Semiotica 2014 (198):61-91.
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  47.  3
    L'esthétique du quotidien.Katya Mandoki & Nicole G. Albert - 2011 - Diogène 233 (1):196.
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  48.  1
    Processing Ambiguity in a Linguistic Context: Decision-Making Difficulties in Non-Aphasic Patients with Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Degeneration.Nicola Spotorno, Meghan Healey, Corey T. McMillan, Katya Rascovsky, David J. Irwin, Robin Clark & Murray Grossman - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  49. Maxine Sheets-Johnstone, The Roots of Power: Animate Form and Gendered Bodies Reviewed By.Katya Mandoki - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (5):356-358.
     
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  50.  2
    Aesthetics and Pragmatics: Conversion, Constitution and the Dimensions of Illocutionary Acts.Katya Mandoki - 1999 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 7 (2):313-337.
    Illocutionary force may be qualified according to Aristotle's classical triadic distinction of logos as a degree of verity, ethos as a degree of credibility or authority and pathos as eloquence or passional intensity. Jakobson 's model of linguistic functions can be understood as operating performatively with greater advantages to pragmatic theory than Searle and Vanderveken's taxonomy of illocutionary acts. Consequently, these three dimensions can also be found in the aesthetic as in other linguistic functions proposed by Jakobson when examined from (...)
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