Results for 'Victoria McWilliams'

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  1.  27
    Using Live Cases to Teach Ethics.Victoria McWilliams & Afsaneh Nahavandi - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 67 (4):421-433.
    This paper describes a live ethics case project that can be used to teach ethics in a broad variety of business classes. The live case differs from regular cases in that it involves a current situation. Students select an on-going or current event that involves ethical violations and write a case about it. They then present their case and run a debate about the challenges and issues outlined in the case and the actions that could have or should have been (...)
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  2.  79
    The Ethical Implications of Ignoring Shareholder Directives to Remove Antitakeover Provisions.Victoria B. McWilliams - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (3):321-346.
    Managers have a unique fiduciary responsibility to shareholders of a firm that implies a set of ethical obligations. At a minimum, managers are required to protect shareholder’s interests when other stakeholders are unaffected by their decision. This ethical imperative has been established in the literature. In cases of conflicts of interest between managers and shareholders, the board of directors of the firm has an ethical obligation to shareholders. The structure of the boardcan affect its ability to fulfill this obligation. Two (...)
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  3. Semiotic and Significs the Correspondence Between Charles S. Peirce and Lady Victoria Welby.Victoria Welby & Charles S. Peirce - 1977
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  4. Physics and Philosophy: A Study of Saint Thomas' Commentary on the Eight Books of Aristotle's Physics / James A. Mcwilliams.J. A. McWilliams - 1945 - Issued by the Office of the Secretary of the American Catholic Philosophical Association, Catholic University of America.
     
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  5.  8
    Evidentialism and Belief Polarization.Emily C. McWilliams - forthcoming - Synthese:1-32.
    Belief polarization occurs when subjects who disagree about some matter of fact are exposed to a mixed body of evidence that bears on that dispute. While we might expect mutual exposure to common evidence to mitigate disagreement, since the evidence available to subjects comes to consist increasingly of items they have in common, this is not what happens. The subjects’ initial disagreement becomes more pronounced because each person increases confidence in her antecedent belief. Kelly aims to identify the mechanisms that (...)
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  6.  8
    Evidentialism and Belief Polarization.Emily C. McWilliams - forthcoming - Synthese:1-32.
    Belief polarization occurs when subjects who disagree about some matter of fact are exposed to a mixed body of evidence that bears on that dispute. While we might expect mutual exposure to common evidence to mitigate disagreement, since the evidence available to subjects comes to consist increasingly of items they have in common, this is not what happens. The subjects’ initial disagreement becomes more pronounced because each person increases confidence in her antecedent belief. Kelly aims to identify the mechanisms that (...)
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  7.  8
    Victoria (2004),“Political Liberalism and the Complexity of Civic Virtue,”.M. Victoria Costa - 2004 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 42 (2):149-70.
  8.  27
    Power After Power: Reflections on Liberalism in Politics and Vision.Wilson C. McWilliams - 2007 - Theory and Event 10 (1).
  9.  34
    The Impact of a Landmark Neuroscience Study on Free Will: A Qualitative Analysis of Articles Using Libet and Colleagues' Methods.Victoria Saigle, Veljko Dubljević & Eric Racine - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (1):29-41.
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  10. Trust, Hope and Empowerment.Victoria McGeer - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (2):237 – 254.
    Philosophers and social scientists have focussed a great deal of attention on our human capacity to trust, but relatively little on the capacity to hope. This is a significant oversight, as hope and trust are importantly interconnected. This paper argues that, even though trust can and does feed our hopes, it is our empowering capacity to hope that significantly underwrites—and makes rational—our capacity to trust.
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  11. Mind-Making Practices: The Social Infrastructure of Self-Knowing Agency and Responsibility.Victoria McGeer - 2015 - Philosophical Explorations 18 (2):259-281.
    This paper is divided into two parts. In Section 1, I explore and defend a “regulative view” of folk-psychology as against the “standard view”. On the regulative view, folk-psychology is conceptualized in fundamentally interpersonal terms as a “mind-making” practice through which we come to form and regulate our minds in accordance with a rich array of socially shared and socially maintained sense-making norms. It is not, as the standard view maintains, simply an epistemic capacity for coming to know about the (...)
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  12. Scaffolding Agency: A Proleptic Account of the Reactive Attitudes.Victoria McGeer - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (2):301-323.
    This paper examines the methodological claim made famous by P.F. Strawson: that we understand what features are required for responsible agency by exploring our attitudes and practices of holding responsible. What is the presumed metaphysical connection between holding responsible and being fit to be held responsible that makes this claim credible? I propose a non-standard answer to this question, arguing for a view of responsible agency that is neither anti-realist (i.e. purely 'conventionalist') nor straightforwardly realist. It is instead ‘constructivist’. On (...)
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  13. Essays on Significs Papers Presented on the Occasion of the 150th Anniversary of the Birth of Victoria Lady Welby, 1837-1912. [REVIEW]H. Walter Schmitz & Victoria Welby - 1990
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  14. The Moral Development of First‐Person Authority.Victoria McGeer - 2008 - European Journal of Philosophy 16 (1):81-108.
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  15.  25
    Belief-Based Action Prediction in Preverbal Infants.Victoria Southgate & Angelina Vernetti - 2014 - Cognition 130 (1):1-10.
  16. The Hard Problem of Responsibility.Victoria McGeer & Philip Pettit - 2013 - In David Shoemaker (ed.), Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility, Vol. 1. Oxford University Press.
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  17. The Regulative Dimension of Folk Psychology.Victoria McGeer - 2007 - In Daniel D. Hutto & Matthew Ratcliffe (eds.), Folk Psychology Re-Assessed. Kluwer/Springer Press. pp. 137--156.
  18. Is "Self-Knowledge" an Empirical Problem? Renegotiating the Space of Philosophical Explanation.Victoria McGeer - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (10):483-515.
  19.  29
    Infants Attribute Goals Even to Biomechanically Impossible Actions.Victoria Southgate, Mark H. Johnson & Gergely Csibra - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1059-1069.
  20.  53
    Building a Better Theory of Responsibility.Victoria McGeer - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (10):2635-2649.
    In Building Better Beings, Vargas develops and defends a naturalistic account of responsibility, whereby responsible agents must possess a feasibly situated capacity to detect and respond to moral considerations. As a preliminary step, he also offers a substantive account of how we might justify our practices of holding responsible—viz., by appeal to their efficacy in fostering a ‘valuable form of agency’ across the community at large, a form of agency that precisely encompasses sensitivity to moral considerations. But how do these (...)
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  21.  66
    XV—Intelligent Capacities.Victoria McGeer - forthcoming - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society.
    In The Concept of Mind, Gilbert Ryle argued that a more sophisticated understanding of the dispositional nature of ‘intelligent capacities’ could bolster philosophical resistance to the tempting view that the human mind is possessed of metaphysically ‘occult’ powers and properties. This temptation is powerful in the context of accounting for the special qualities of responsible agency. Incompatibilists indulge the temptation; compatibilists resist it, using a variety of strategies. One recent strategy, reminiscent of Ryle’s, is to exploit a more sophisticated understanding (...)
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  22.  94
    Can Victoria's Secret Change the Future? A Subjective Time Perception Account of Sexual-Cue Effects on Impatience.B. Kyu Kim & Gal Zauberman - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):328.
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  23.  68
    Challenging the Rhetoric of Choice in Prenatal Screening.Victoria Seavilleklein - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (1):68-77.
    Prenatal screening, consisting of maternal serum screening and nuchal translucency screening, is on the verge of expansion, both by being offered to more pregnant women and by screening for more conditions. The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have each recently recommended that screening be extended to all pregnant women regardless of age, disease history, or risk status. This screening is commonly justified by appeal to the value of autonomy, or women's (...)
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  24.  72
    The Art of Good Hope.Victoria McGeer - 2004 - Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (1):100--127.
    What is hope? Though variously characterized as a cognitive attitude, an emotion, a disposition, and even a process or activity, hope, more deeply, a unifying and grounding force of human agency. We cannot live a human life without hope, therefore questions about the rationality of hope are properly recast as questions about what it means to hope well. This thesis is defended and elaborated as follows. First, it is argued that hope is an essential and distinctive feature of human agency, (...)
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  25. The Empowering Theory of Trust.Victoria McGeer & Philip Pettit - 2017 - In Paul Faulkner & Thomas W. Simpson (eds.), The Philosophy of Trust. Oxford University Press. pp. 14-34.
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  26.  49
    Children's Competence for Assent and Consent: A Review of Empirical Findings. [REVIEW]Victoria A. Miller, Dennis Drotar & Eric Kodish - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (3):255 – 295.
    This narrative review summarizes the empirical literature on children's competence for consent and assent in research and treatment settings. Studies varied widely regarding methodology, particularly in the areas of participant sampling, situational context studied (e.g., psychological versus medical settings), procedures used (e.g., lab-based vs. real-world approaches), and measurement of competence. This review also identified several fundamental dilemmas underlying approaches to children's informed consent. These dilemmas, including autonomy versus best interests approaches, legal versus psychological or ethical approaches, child- versus family-based approaches, (...)
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  27.  14
    Relative Stereotypy of Water-Ingestive Behavior Induced by Chronic Alcohol Injections in the Rat.Lowell T. Crow, Lawrence S. McWilliams & Michael F. Ley - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (4):278-280.
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  28.  13
    Biomedicine and the Humanities: Growing Pains.Victoria Jane Hume, Benson A. Mulemi & Musa Sadock - 2018 - Medical Humanities 44 (4):230-238.
    In this article, we discuss the challenges facing humanities researchers approaching studies in clinical and community health settings. This crossing of disciplines has arguably been less often explored in the countries we discuss—Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa—but our experiences also speak to broader trouble with disciplinary ‘ethnocentrism’ that hampers the development of knowledge. After a brief contextualising overview of the structures within our universities that separate or link the humanities, medicine and social science, we use case studies of our experiences (...)
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  29.  69
    The Myth of the Gendered Chromosome: Sex Selection and the Social Interest.Victoria Seavilleklein & Susan Sherwin - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (1):7-19.
    Sex selection technologies have become increasingly prevalent and accessible. We can find them advertised widely across the Internet and discussed in the popular media—an entry for “sex selection services” on Google generated 859,000 sites in April 2004. The available services fall into three main types: preconception sperm sorting followed either by intrauterine insemination of selected sperm or by in vitro fertilization ; preimplantation genetic diagnosis, by which embryos created by IVF are tested and only those of the desired sex are (...)
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  30. The Idea of a Political Liberalism: Essays on Rawls.Victoria Davion & Clark Wolf (eds.) - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this unique volume, some of today's most eminent political philosophers examine the thought of John Rawls, focusing in particular on his most recent work. These original essays explore diverse issues, including the problem of pluralism, the relationship between constitutive commitment and liberal institutions, just treatment of dissident minorities, the constitutional implications of liberalism, international relations, and the structure of international law. The first comprehensive study of Rawls's recent work, The Idea of Political Liberalism will be indispensable for political philosophers (...)
     
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  31.  27
    Kant on Happiness in Ethics.Victoria S. Wike - 1994 - State University of New York Press.
    This book provides a comprehensive analysis of Kant's treatment of happiness in ethics.
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  32.  10
    Virtual Large Cardinals.Victoria Gitman & Ralf Schindler - 2018 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 169 (12):1317-1334.
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  33.  15
    NICE and Fair? Health Technology Assessment Policy Under the UK’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, 1999–2018.Victoria Charlton - 2020 - Health Care Analysis 28 (3):193-227.
    The UK’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence is responsible for conducting health technology assessment on behalf of the National Health Service. In seeking to justify its recommendations to the NHS about which technologies to fund, NICE claims to adopt two complementary ethical frameworks, one procedural—accountability for reasonableness —and one substantive—an ‘ethics of opportunity costs’ that rests primarily on the notion of allocative efficiency. This study is the first to empirically examine normative changes to NICE’s approach and to analyse (...)
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  34. Philosophy of Religion, Fictionalism, and Religious Diversity.Victoria S. Harrison - 2010 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 68 (1-3):43-58.
    Until recently philosophy of religion has been almost exclusively focused upon the analysis of western religious ideas. The central concern of the discipline has been the concept God , as that concept has been understood within Judaeo-Christianity. However, this narrow remit threatens to render philosophy of religion irrelevant today. To avoid this philosophy of religion should become a genuinely multicultural discipline. But how, if at all, can philosophy of religion rise to this challenge? The paper considers fictionalism about religious discourse (...)
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  35.  14
    Nancy McWilliams: Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. A Practitioner's Guide. The Guilford Press, New York, 2004.Giusini Samoggia - 2005 - Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 5:161-162.
  36. McWilliams' Physics and Philosophy. [REVIEW]Veatch Veatch - 1947 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 8:733.
  37.  22
    Belief and Meaning by Akeel Bilgrami. [REVIEW]Victoria McGeer - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (8):430-439.
  38. Autistic Self-Awareness: Comment.Victoria McGeer - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (3):235-251.
  39.  54
    Is Neo‐Republicanism Bad for Women?M. Victoria Costa - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (4):921-936.
    The republican revival in political philosophy, political theory, and legal theory has produced an impressive range of novel interpretations of the historical figures of the republican tradition. It has also given rise to a variety of contemporary neo-republican theories that build on its historical themes. Although there have been some feminist discussions of its historical representatives, neo-republicanism has not generated a great deal of enthusiasm among feminists. The present paper examines Phillip Pettit's theory of freedom as nondomination in order to (...)
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  40. Psycho-Practice, Psycho-Theory and the Contrastive Case of Autism: How Practices of Mind Become Second-Nature.Victoria McGeer - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (5-7):109-132.
    In philosophy, the last thirty years or so has seen a split between 'simulation theorists' and 'theory-theorists', with a number of variations on each side. In general, simulation theorists favour the idea that our knowledge of others is based on using ourselves as a working model of what complex psychological creatures are like. Theory-theorists claim that our knowledge of complex psychological creatures, including ourselves, is theoretical in character and so more like our knowledge of the world in general. The body (...)
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  41.  13
    Sensing Space and Making Place: The Hospital and Therapeutic Landscapes in Two Cancer Narratives.Victoria Bates - 2019 - Medical Humanities 45 (1):10-20.
    This article explores the role of senses in the construction and experience of place, focusing on patients’ experiences of hospital care. It compares two cancer narratives for their insights into the heterogeneous ways that hospital environments are made into therapeutic landscapes, arguing that they are a product of dynamic processes rather than something that is simply built. The article draws on a relational model of space and place, alongside literary analysis, to explore the making of un/healthy environments in embodied, affective (...)
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  42.  12
    A Model of the Generic Vopěnka Principle in Which the Ordinals Are Not Mahlo.Victoria Gitman & Joel David Hamkins - 2019 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 58 (1-2):245-265.
    The generic Vopěnka principle, we prove, is relatively consistent with the ordinals being non-Mahlo. Similarly, the generic Vopěnka scheme is relatively consistent with the ordinals being definably non-Mahlo. Indeed, the generic Vopěnka scheme is relatively consistent with the existence of a \-definable class containing no regular cardinals. In such a model, there can be no \-reflecting cardinals and hence also no remarkable cardinals. This latter fact answers negatively a question of Bagaria, Gitman and Schindler.
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  43.  24
    Unbroken Mirrors: Challenging a Theory of Autism.Victoria Southgate & Antonia F. de C. Hamilton - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (6):225-229.
  44.  63
    Unbroken Mirrors: Challenging a Theory of Autism.Victoria Southgate & Antonia F. De C. Hamilton - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (6):225-229.
  45.  6
    The Ubiquity of Cross-Domain Thinking in the Early Phase of the Creative Process.Victoria S. Scotney, Sarah Weissmeyer, Nicole Carbert & Liane Gabora - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  46.  13
    Ethical Understandings of Proxy Decision Making for Research Involving Adults Lacking Capacity: A Systematic Review of Empirical Research.Victoria Shepherd, Kerenza Hood, Mark Sheehan, Richard Griffith, Amber Jordan & Fiona Wood - forthcoming - Ajob Empirical Bioethics:1-20.
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  47.  6
    Reflections on a Field Across Time and Space: The Emergent Medical and Health Humanities in South Africa.Victoria Jane Hume & Megan Wainwright - 2018 - Medical Humanities 44 (4):263-269.
    In this paper, we draw on our own cross-cultural experience of engaging with different incarnations of the medical and health humanities in the UK and South Africa to reflect on what is distinct and the same about MHH in these locations. MHH spaces, whether departments, programmes or networks, have espoused a common critique of biomedical dualism and reductionism, a celebration of qualitative evidence and the value of visual and performative arts for their research, therapeutic and transformative social potential. However, there (...)
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  48.  10
    What is the Theory ZFC Without Power Set?Victoria Gitman, Joel David Hamkins & Thomas A. Johnstone - 2016 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 62 (4-5):391-406.
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  49.  11
    The Sales Profession as a Subculture: Implications for Ethical Decision Making.Victoria Bush, Alan J. Bush, Jared Oakley & John E. Cicala - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 142 (3):549-565.
    Salespeople have long been considered unique employees. They tend to work apart from each other and experience little daily contact with supervisors and other organizational employees. Additionally, salespeople interact with customers in an increasingly complex and multifunctional environment. This provides numerous opportunities for unethical behavior which has been chronicled in the popular press as well as academic research. Much of the research in sales ethics has relied on conceptual foundations which focus on individual and organizational influencers on ethical decision making. (...)
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  50.  58
    Ethics and Marketing on This Internet: Practitioners' Perceptions of Societal, Industry and Company Concerns. [REVIEW]Victoria D. Bush, Beverly T. Venable & Alan J. Bush - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 23 (3):237 - 248.
    The astonishing growth of the Internet coupled with its unique capabilities has captured the attention of the marketing community. Although many businesses are acknowledging the importance of a Web site, to date, little attention has been given to the business community'sperceptions of the ethicality of this new medium. A national sample of marketing executives was surveyed regarding their perceptions of: (1) regulation of the Internet, (2) the potential ethical issues via Internet marketing facing their industry, and (3) the role of (...)
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