Results for 'Conceptual spaces'

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  1.  1
    Conceptual Spaces, Generalisation Probabilities and Perceptual Categorisation.Nina Poth - 2019 - In Peter Gärdenfors, Antti Hautamäki, Frank Zenker & Mauri Kaipainen (eds.), Conceptual Spaces: Elaborations and Applications. Springer Verlag.
    Shepard’s (1987) universal law of generalisation (ULG) illustrates that an invariant gradient of generalisation across species and across stimuli conditions can be obtained by mapping the probability of a generalisation response onto the representations of similarity between individual stimuli. Tenenbaum and Griffiths (2001) Bayesian account of generalisation expands ULG towards generalisation from multiple examples. Though the Bayesian model starts from Shepard’s account it refrains from any commitment to the notion of psychological similarity to explain categorisation. This chapter presents the (...) spaces theory (Gärdenfors 2000, 2014) as a mediator between Shepard’s and Tenenbaum & Griffiths’ conflicting views on the role of psychological similarity for a successful model of categorisation. It suggests that the conceptual spaces theory can help to improve the Bayesian model while finding an explanatory role for psychological similarity. (shrink)
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  2. Vagueness: A Conceptual Spaces Approach.Igor Douven, Lieven Decock, Richard Dietz & Paul Égré - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (1):137-160.
    The conceptual spaces approach has recently emerged as a novel account of concepts. Its guiding idea is that concepts can be represented geometrically, by means of metrical spaces. While it is generally recognized that many of our concepts are vague, the question of how to model vagueness in the conceptual spaces approach has not been addressed so far, even though the answer is far from straightforward. The present paper aims to fill this lacuna.
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  3. Theory Change as Dimensional Change: Conceptual Spaces Applied to the Dynamics of Empirical Theories.Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker - 2013 - Synthese 190 (6):1039-1058.
    This paper offers a novel way of reconstructing conceptual change in empirical theories. Changes occur in terms of the structure of the dimensions—that is to say, the conceptual spaces—underlying the conceptual framework within which a given theory is formulated. Five types of changes are identified: (1) addition or deletion of special laws, (2) change in scale or metric, (3) change in the importance of dimensions, (4) change in the separability of dimensions, and (5) addition or deletion (...)
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  4. Conceptual Spaces for Cognitive Architectures: A Lingua Franca for Different Levels of Representation.Antonio Lieto, Antonio Chella & Marcello Frixione - 2017 - Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 19:1-9.
    During the last decades, many cognitive architectures (CAs) have been realized adopting different assumptions about the organization and the representation of their knowledge level. Some of them (e.g. SOAR [35]) adopt a classical symbolic approach, some (e.g. LEABRA[ 48]) are based on a purely connectionist model, while others (e.g. CLARION [59]) adopt a hybrid approach combining connectionist and symbolic representational levels. Additionally, some attempts (e.g. biSOAR) trying to extend the representational capacities of CAs by integrating diagrammatical representations and reasoning are (...)
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  5.  30
    A Case Against Convexity in Conceptual Spaces.José V. Hernández-Conde - 2017 - Synthese 194 (10):4011-4037.
    The notion of conceptual space, proposed by Gärdenfors as a framework for the representation of concepts and knowledge, has been highly influential over the last decade or so. One of the main theses involved in this approach is that the conceptual regions associated with properties, concepts, verbs, etc. are convex. The aim of this paper is to show that such a constraint—that of the convexity of the geometry of conceptual regions—is problematic; both from a theoretical perspective and (...)
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  6.  95
    Semantics, Conceptual Spaces, and the Meeting of Minds.Massimo Warglien & Peter Gärdenfors - 2013 - Synthese 190 (12):2165-2193.
    We present an account of semantics that is not construed as a mapping of language to the world but rather as a mapping between individual meaning spaces. The meanings of linguistic entities are established via a “meeting of minds.” The concepts in the minds of communicating individuals are modeled as convex regions in conceptual spaces. We outline a mathematical framework, based on fixpoints in continuous mappings between conceptual spaces, that can be used to model such (...)
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  7.  98
    Prototypes, Poles, and Topological Tessellations of Conceptual Spaces.Thomas Mormann - manuscript
    The aim of this paper is to present a general method for constructing natural tessellations of conceptual spaces that is based on their topological structure. This method works for a class of spaces that was defined some 80 years ago by the Russian mathematician Pavel Alexandroff. Alexandroff spaces, as they are called today, are distinguished from other topological spaces by the fact that they exhibit a 1-1 correspondence between their specialization orders and their topological structures. (...)
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  8.  28
    Locative and Directional Prepositions in Conceptual Spaces: The Role of Polar Convexity.Joost Zwarts & Peter Gärdenfors - 2016 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 25 (1):109-138.
    We approach the semantics of prepositions from the perspective of conceptual spaces. Focusing on purely spatial locative and directional prepositions, we analyze both types of prepositions in terms of polar coordinates instead of Cartesian coordinates. This makes it possible to demonstrate that the property of convexity holds quite generally in the domain of prepositions of location and direction, supporting the important role that this property plays in conceptual spaces.
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  9.  24
    Understanding Predication in Conceptual Spaces.Daniele Porello & Claudio Masolo - 2016 - In Roberta Ferrario & Werner Kuhn (eds.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference (FOIS 2016). pp. 139--152.
    We argue that a cognitive semantics has to take into account the possibly partial information that a cognitive agent has of the world. After discussing Gärdenfors's view of objects in conceptual spaces, we offer a number of viable treatments of partiality of information and we formalize them by means of alternative predicative logics. Our analysis shows that understanding the nature of simple predicative sentences is crucial for a cognitive semantics.
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  10.  68
    Unifying Conceptual Spaces: Concept Formation in Musical Creative Systems. [REVIEW]Alex McLean - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (4):503-532.
    We examine Gärdenfors’ theory of conceptual spaces, a geometrical form of knowledge representation (Conceptual spaces: The geometry of thought, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2000 ), in the context of the general Creative Systems Framework introduced by Wiggins (J Knowl Based Syst 19(7):449–458, 2006a ; New Generation Comput 24(3):209–222, 2006 b ). Gärdenfors’ theory offers a way of bridging the traditional divide between symbolic and sub-symbolic representations, as well as the gap between representational formalism and meaning as perceived (...)
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  11. Editors’ Introduction: Conceptual Spaces at Work.Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors - 2015 - In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer Verlag.
    This introductory chapter provides a non-technical presentation of conceptual spaces as a representational framework for modeling different kinds of similarity relations in various cognitive domains. Moreover, we briefly summarize each chapter in this volume.
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  12.  32
    Using Conceptual Spaces to Exhibit Conceptual Continuity Through Scientific Theory Change.George Masterton, Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (1):127-150.
    There is a great deal of justified concern about continuity through scientific theory change. Our thesis is that, particularly in physics, such continuity can be appropriately captured at the level of conceptual frameworks using conceptual space models. Indeed, we contend that the conceptual spaces of three of our most important physical theories—Classical Mechanics, Special Relativity Theory, and Quantum Mechanics —have already been so modelled as phase-spaces. Working with their phase-space formulations, one can trace the (...) changes and continuities in transitioning from CM to QM, and from CM to SRT. By offering a revised severity-ordering of changes that conceptual frameworks can undergo, we provide reasons to doubt the commonly held view that CM is conceptually closer to SRT than QM. (shrink)
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  13. A Perspectivist Approach to Conceptual Spaces.Mauri Kaipainen & Antti Hautamäki - 2015 - In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer Verlag.
  14.  96
    Induction, Conceptual Spaces and AI.Peter Gärdenfors - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (1):78 - 95.
    A computational theory of induction must be able to identify the projectible predicates, that is to distinguish between which predicates can be used in inductive inferences and which cannot. The problems of projectibility are introduced by reviewing some of the stumbling blocks for the theory of induction that was developed by the logical empiricists. My diagnosis of these problems is that the traditional theory of induction, which started from a given (observational) language in relation to which all inductive rules are (...)
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  15.  5
    Vagueness, Graded Membership, and Conceptual Spaces.Igor Douven - 2016 - Cognition 151:80-95.
    This paper is concerned with a version of Kamp and Partee's account of graded membership that relies on the conceptual spaces framework. Three studies are reported, one to construct a particular shape space, one to detect which shapes representable in that space are typical for certain sorts of objects, and one to elicit degrees of category membership for the various shapes from which the shape space was constructed. Taking Kamp and Partee's proposal as given, the first two studies (...)
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  16.  25
    Applications of Conceptual Spaces : The Case for Geometric Knowledge Representation.Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    Why is a red face not really red? How do we decide that this book is a textbook or not? Conceptual spaces provide the medium on which these computations are performed, but an additional operation is needed: Contrast. By contrasting a reddish face with a prototypical face, one gets a prototypical ‘red’. By contrasting this book with a prototypical textbook, the lack of exercises may pop out. Dynamic contrasting is an essential operation for converting perceptions into predicates. The (...)
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  17.  14
    Explicating ‘Explication’ via Conceptual Spaces.Matteo De Benedetto - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-37.
    Recent years have witnessed a revival of interest in the method of explication as a procedure for conceptual engineering in philosophy and in science. In the philosophical literature, there has been a lively debate about the different desiderata that a good explicatum has to satisfy. In comparison, the goal of explicating the concept of explication itself has not been central to the philosophical debate. The main aim of this work is to suggest a way of filling this gap by (...)
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  18.  27
    Using Conceptual Spaces to Model Actions and Events.P. Gardenfors & M. Warglien - 2012 - Journal of Semantics 29 (4):487-519.
    Actions and events are central to a semantics of natural language. In this article, we present a cognitively based model of these notions. After giving a general presentation of the theory of conceptual spaces, we explain how the analysis of perceptual concepts can be extended to actions and events. First, we argue that action space can be analyzed in the same way as, for example, colour space or shape space. Our hypothesis is that the categorization of actions depends, (...)
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  19.  40
    Modeling Diachronic Changes in Structuralism and in Conceptual Spaces.Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S8):1-15.
    Our aim in this article is to show how the theory of conceptual spaces can be useful in describing diachronic changes to conceptual frameworks, and thus useful in understanding conceptual change in the empirical sciences. We also compare the conceptual space approach to Moulines’s typology of intertheoretical relations in the structuralist tradition. Unlike structuralist reconstructions, those based on conceptual spaces yield a natural way of modeling the changes of a conceptual framework, including (...)
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  20. Conceptual Spaces as a Framework for Knowledge Representation.Peter Gardenfors - 2004 - Mind and Matter 2 (2):9-27.
    The dominating models of information processes have been based on symbolic representations of information and knowledge. During the last decades, a variety of non-symbolic models have been proposed as superior. The prime examples of models within the non-symbolic approach are neural networks. However, to a large extent they lack a higher-level theory of representation. In this paper, conceptual spaces are suggested as an appropriate framework for non- symbolic models. Conceptual spaces consist of a number of 'quality (...)
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  21.  96
    Natural Predicates and Topological Structures of Conceptual Spaces.Thomas Mormann - 1993 - Synthese 95 (2):219 - 240.
    In the framework of set theory we cannot distinguish between natural and non-natural predicates. To avoid this shortcoming one can use mathematical structures as conceptual spaces such that natural predicates are characterized as structurally nice subsets. In this paper topological and related structures are used for this purpose. We shall discuss several examples taken from conceptual spaces of quantum mechanics (orthoframes), and the geometric logic of refutative and affirmable assertions. In particular we deal with the problem (...)
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  22. A Cognitive Architecture for Music Perception Exploiting Conceptual Spaces.Antonio Chella - 2015 - In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer Verlag.
     
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  23.  16
    Approaching Truth in Conceptual Spaces.Gustavo Cevolani - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-16.
    Knowledge representation is a central issue in a number of areas, but few attempts are usually made to bridge different approaches accross different fields. As a contribution in this direction, in this paper I focus on one such approach, the theory of conceptual spaces developed within cognitive science, and explore its potential applications in the fields of philosophy of science and formal epistemology. My case-study is provided by the theory of truthlikeness, construed as closeness to “the whole truth” (...)
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  24.  23
    Continuity of Theory Structure: A Conceptual Spaces Approach.Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors - 2016 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 30 (4):343-360.
    By understanding laws of nature as geometrical rather than linguistic entities, this paper addresses how to describe theory structures and how to evaluate their continuity. Relying on conceptual spaces as a modelling tool, we focus on the conceptual framework an empirical theory presupposes, thus obtain a geometrical representation of a theory’s structure. We stress the relevance of measurement procedures in separating conceptual from empirical structures. This lets our understanding of scientific laws come closer to scientific practice, (...)
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  25.  1
    Convexity Is an Empirical Law in the Theory of Conceptual Spaces: Reply to Hernández-Conde.Peter Gärdenfors - 2019 - In Peter Gärdenfors, Antti Hautamäki, Frank Zenker & Mauri Kaipainen (eds.), Conceptual Spaces: Elaborations and Applications. Springer Verlag.
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  26. Conceptual Spaces and Computing with Words.Greg Gibbon, John Rickard & Janet Aisbett - 2015 - In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer Verlag.
  27. Conceptual Spaces, Features, and Word Meanings: The Case of Dutch Shirts.Joost Zwarts - 2015 - In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer Verlag.
     
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  28. From Conceptual Spaces to Predicates.Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2015 - In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer Verlag.
     
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  29. Conceptual Spaces as Philosophers’ Tools.Lieven Decock & Igor Douven - 2015 - In Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer Verlag. pp. 207-221.
     
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  30. Logical, Ontological and Cognitive Aspects of Object Types and Cross-World Identity with Applications to the Theory of Conceptual Spaces.Giancarlo Guizzardi - 2015 - In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer Verlag.
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  31. Formalized Conceptual Spaces with a Geometric Representation of Correlations.Kai-Uwe Kühnberger & Lucas Bechberger - 2019 - In Peter Gärdenfors, Antti Hautamäki, Frank Zenker & Mauri Kaipainen (eds.), Conceptual Spaces: Elaborations and Applications. Springer Verlag.
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  32. Conceptual Spaces at Work in Sensory Cognition: Domains, Dimensions and Distances.Carita Paradis - 2015 - In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer Verlag.
  33. Interacting Conceptual Spaces I: Grammatical Composition of Concepts.Robin Piedeleu, Dan Marsden, Martha Lewis, Fabrizio Genovese, Bob Coecke & Joe Bolt - 2019 - In Peter Gärdenfors, Antti Hautamäki, Frank Zenker & Mauri Kaipainen (eds.), Conceptual Spaces: Elaborations and Applications. Springer Verlag.
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  34. Magnitude and Number Sensitivity of the Approximate Number System in Conceptual Spaces.Paula Quinon & Aleksander Gemel - 2019 - In Peter Gärdenfors, Antti Hautamäki, Frank Zenker & Mauri Kaipainen (eds.), Conceptual Spaces: Elaborations and Applications. Springer Verlag.
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  35. Self-Organisation of Conceptual Spaces From Quality Dimensions.Paul Vogt - 2015 - In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer Verlag.
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  36. Lost in Space and Time: A Quest for Conceptual Spaces in Physics.Sylvia Wenmackers - 2019 - In Peter Gärdenfors, Antti Hautamäki, Frank Zenker & Mauri Kaipainen (eds.), Conceptual Spaces: Elaborations and Applications. Springer Verlag.
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  37. Conceptual Spaces: The Geometry of Thought.Peter Gärdenfors - 2000 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 64 (1):180-181.
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  38.  83
    The Geometry of Meaning: Semantics Based on Conceptual Spaces.Peter Gärdenfors - 2014 - MIT Press.
    A novel cognitive theory of semantics that proposes that the meanings of words can be described in terms of geometric structures.
  39. Modelling Comparative Concepts in Conceptual Spaces.Lieven Decock, Richard Dietz & Igor Douven - 2013 - In Y. Motomura, Y. Butler & D. Bekki (eds.), New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence, LNAI 7856. Springer. pp. 69-86.
  40.  9
    A Class of Conceptual Spaces Consisting of Boundaries of Infinite P -Ary Trees.Roman Urban & Simona Mróz - 2019 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 28 (1):73-95.
    A new construction of a certain conceptual space is presented. Elements of this conceptual space correspond to concept elements of reality, which potentially comprise an infinite number of qualities. This construction of a conceptual space solves a problem stated by Dietz and his co-authors in 2013 in the context of Voronoi diagrams. The fractal construction of the conceptual space is that this problem simply does not pose itself. The concept of convexity is discussed in this new (...)
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  41.  27
    Using Conceptual Spaces to Model the Dynamics of Empirical Theories.Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker - 2011 - In Erik J. Olson Sebastian Enqvist (ed.), Belief Revision Meets Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 137--153.
  42.  21
    What Conceptual Spaces Can Do for Carnap's Late Inductive Logic.Marta Sznajder - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:62-71.
  43. Mental Representation, Conceptual Spaces and Metaphors.Peter Gärdenfors - 1996 - Synthese 106 (1):21 - 47.
  44.  7
    Cognitive Iconicity: Conceptual Spaces, Meaning, and Gesture in Signed Language.Sherman Wilcox - 2004 - Cognitive Linguistics 15 (2).
  45.  27
    Conceptual Spaces and Consciousness: Integrating Cognitive and Affective Processes.Alfredo Pereira Júnior & Leonardo Ferreira Almada - 2011 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (01):127-143.
  46.  26
    Conceptual Spaces as a Basis for Cognitive Semantics.Peter Gärdenfors - 1996 - In A. Clark, Jesus Ezquerro & J. M. Larrazabal (eds.), Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 159--180.
  47. Semantics, Conceptual Spaces and the Dimensions of Music.Peter Gärdenfors - 1988 - In Veikko Rantala, Lewis Eugene Rowell & Eero Tarasti (eds.), Essays on the Philosophy of Music. Akateeminen Kirjakauppa. pp. 9--27.
     
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  48.  2
    Structural Continuity, Scientific Laws and Conceptual Spaces : A Neo-Kantian Perspective on the Structure of Theories and Theory Changes.Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors - unknown
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  49.  33
    Peter Gärdenfors: The Geometry of Meaning: Semantics Based on Conceptual Spaces: MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2014, 360 Pp, $37.00, ISBN 9780262026789.Ramesh Kumar Mishra - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (3):313-316.
  50.  68
    Peter Gärdenfors, Conceptual Spaces: The Geometry of Thought: Bradford/MIT Press, Cambridge/London, 2004, Xi+307, Paperback, $19, ISBN 0-262-57219-2. [REVIEW]Alfredo Pereira - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (4):493-496.
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