Results for 'Hilary S. Callahan'

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  1. Developmental Phenotypic Plasticity: Where Ecology and Evolution Meet Molecular Biology.Hilary S. Callahan, Massimo Pigliucci & Carl D. Schlichting - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (6):519-525.
    An exploration of the nexus between ecology, evolutionary biology and molecular biology, via the concept of phenotypic plasticity.
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  2. The'Influence'of Ockham's Political Thinking.Hilary S. Offler - 1990 - In W. Vossenkuhl & R. Schönberger (eds.), Die Gegenwart Ockhams. pp. 338--365.
     
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  3.  7
    Social Aspects of Sham Surgeries.Hilary S. Leeds - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):70-71.
  4.  8
    The Medical Club: Conventional Medicine, CAM, and PluralismThe Role of Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Accommodating Pluralism.Linnea S. Larson & Daniel Callahan - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (1):43.
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  5.  99
    On Hilary Putnam’s Farewell Lecture.John Searle & Hilary Putnam - 2001 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 9 (1):4-6.
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  6.  7
    Two Passages of Hilary's Apologetica Responsa Rediscovered.P. Smulders - 1978 - Bijdragen 39 (3):234-243.
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  7.  42
    The Fiction of Futility: What to Do with Policy?Lisa Anderson-Shaw, Hilary S. Leeds & Jd John J. Lantos - 2005 - HEC Forum 17 (4):294-307.
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  8.  25
    Special Supplement: The XYY Controversy: Researching Violence and Genetics.Diane Bauer, Ronald Bayer, Jonathan Beckwith, Gordon Bermant, Digamber S. Borgaonkar, Daniel Callahan, Arthur Caplan, John Conrad, Charles M. Culver, Gerald Dworkin, Harold Edgar, Willard Gaylin, Park Gerald, Clarence Harris, Johnathan King, Ruth Macklin, Allan Mazur, Robert Michels, Carola Mone, Rosalind Petchesky, Tabitha M. Powledge, Reed E. Pyeritz, Arthur Robinson, Thomas Scanlon, Saleem A. Shah, Thomas A. Shannon, Margaret Steinfels, Judith P. Swazey, Paul Wachtel & Stanley Walzer - 1980 - Hastings Center Report 10 (4):1.
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  9. Constructing Gender: Feminism and Literary Studies.Hilary Fraser & R. S. White - 1994 - UWA Publishing.
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  10. Understanding Deutsch's Probability in a Deterministic Universe.Hilary Greaves - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 35 (3):423-456.
    Difficulties over probability have often been considered fatal to the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics. Here I argue that the Everettian can have everything she needs from `probability' without recourse to indeterminism, ignorance, primitive identity over time or subjective uncertainty: all she needs is a particular *rationality principle*. The decision-theoretic approach recently developed by Deutsch and Wallace claims to provide just such a principle. But, according to Wallace, decision theory is itself applicable only if the correct attitude to a future (...)
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  11.  33
    Comments on Michael Devitt's “Hilary and Me”.Hilary Putnam - 2012 - In Maria Baghramian (ed.), Reading Putnam. Routledge. pp. 121.
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  12.  33
    A Conversation Between Jacques Bouveresse and Hilary Putnam.Jacques Bouveresse & Hilary Putnam - 2020 - The Monist 103 (4):481-492.
    The following interview took place between Jacques Bouveresse and Hilary Putnam on May 11, 2001 in Paris at the Collège de France. Sandra Laugier was present, preserved the transcription, and proposed that we publish the text here. It was translated into English by Marie Kerguelen Feldblyum LeBlevennec and lightly edited by Jacques Bouveresse, Juliet Floyd, and Sandra Laugier. Themes covered in the interview include the question of Wittgenstein’s importance in contemporary philosophy, Putnam’s development with respect to realism, especially in (...)
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  13.  24
    Education and the Cult of Efficiency.Raymond E. Callahan - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
    Raymond Callahan's lively study exposes the alarming lengths to which school administrators went, particularly in the period from 1910 to 1930, in sacrificing educational goals to the demands of business procedures.
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  14. Population Axiology.Hilary Greaves - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (11):e12442.
    Population axiology is the study of the conditions under which one state of affairs is better than another, when the states of affairs in ques- tion may differ over the numbers and the identities of the persons who ever live. Extant theories include totalism, averagism, variable value theories, critical level theories, and “person-affecting” theories. Each of these the- ories is open to objections that are at least prima facie serious. A series of impossibility theorems shows that this is no coincidence: (...)
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  15.  3
    Dan Callahan's Press Clips.Susan Gilbert - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (5):8-9.
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  16.  23
    Hilary Putnam’s Position Between Dewey and Buber: A Pragmatist’s Reconciling of Philosophy and Religious Faith.Peter J. Tumulty - 2019 - The Pluralist 14 (2):53-74.
    Hilary Putnam developed a distinctive way of seeing and answering every self’s existential question: What, if anything, gives life meaning? Engaging with issues of meaning over the course of his intellectual and life journey led Putnam to a deeper appreciation of the distinctive character of the practices of philosophy and religious faith as well as the long history of their dynamic interaction. By sharing an account of his own personal journey, most explicitly in Jewish Philosophy as a Guide to (...)
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  17. Recipes From the Garden of Contentment. By Yuan Mei, Translated and Annotated by Sean J. S. Chen.Hilary A. Smith - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    Recipes from the Garden of Contentment. By Yuan Mei, translated and annotated by Sean J. S. Chen. Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire, 2019. Pp. xxxiii + 428. $125.
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  18.  74
    Religious Faith and Intellectual Virtue.Laura Frances Callahan & Timothy O'Connor (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Is religious faith consistent with being an intellectually virtuous thinker? In seeking to answer this question, one quickly finds others, each of which has been the focus of recent renewed attention by epistemologists: What is it to be an intellectually virtuous thinker? Must all reasonable belief be grounded in public evidence? Under what circumstances is a person rationally justified in believing something on trust, on the testimony of another, or because of the conclusions drawn by an intellectual authority? Can it (...)
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  19.  24
    Comments on Ruth Anna Putnam's “Hilary Putnam's Moral Philosophy”.Hilary Putnam - 2012 - In Maria Baghramian (ed.), Reading Putnam. Routledge. pp. 257.
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  20.  15
    Nonsymbolic Approximate Arithmetic in Children: Abstract Addition Prior to Instruction.(Manuscript Under Review.Hilary Barth, Lacey Beckmann & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2008 - Developmental Psychology 44 (5).
  21.  7
    A Naturalistic Epistemology: Selected Papers.Hilary Kornblith - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume draws together influential work by Hilary Kornblith on naturalistic epistemology. This approach sees epistemology not as conceptual analysis, but as an explanatory project constrained and informed by work in cognitive science. These essays expound and defend Kornblith's distinctive view of how we come to have knowledge of the world.
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  22.  10
    Hilary Putnam’s Liberal Naturalism About Language Use, Reference, and Truth.Gary Ebbs - 2020 - The Monist 103 (4):357-369.
    Hilary Putnam observes that a typical competent English speaker who cannot tell an elm tree from a beech tree may nevertheless use the word “elm” to make assertions and ask questions about elm trees. Putnam also observes that scientists may be wrong about the phenomena they investigate, while still being able to use their words to identify and raise research questions about it. This prompts him to ask what “language use” means in these contexts. He proposes two closely related (...)
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  23.  13
    A Response to Dasgupta1: Hilary Putnam and Vivian Walsh.Hilary Putnam - 2007 - Economics and Philosophy 23 (3):359-364.
    The present note will be concerned only with Sir Partha Dasgupta's recent article in this journal. What is more, it will concentrate on those parts of the article which contain a serious misreading of Hilary Putnam's position on the entanglement of facts, theories and values. These philosophical matters can perhaps be clarified for economist readers by considering, to begin with, Dasgupta's interpretation of the Bergson–Samuelson position. What Burk and Samuelson were doing, according to Dasgupta, was to establish ‘the ethical (...)
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  24.  51
    What's Wrong with Confusion?Hilary Bok - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):25 – 26.
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  25.  47
    Hilary Putnam's Consistency Objection Against Wittgenstein's Conventionalism in Mathematics.P. Garavaso - 2013 - Philosophia Mathematica 21 (3):279-296.
    Hilary Putnam first published the consistency objection against Ludwig Wittgenstein’s account of mathematics in 1979. In 1983, Putnam and Benacerraf raised this objection against all conventionalist accounts of mathematics. I discuss the 1979 version and the scenario argument, which supports the key premise of the objection. The wide applicability of this objection is not apparent; I thus raise it against an imaginary axiomatic theory T similar to Peano arithmetic in all relevant aspects. I argue that a conventionalist can explain (...)
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  26. Index of Authors Volume 5, 2001.A. Acevedo, E. H. Y. Boo, J. Brinkmann, E. S. Callahan, B. Castro, L. Chalip, P. M. Clikeman, L. Dickie, J. Down & D. D. DuFrene - 2001 - Teaching Business Ethics 5 (485).
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  27.  7
    Language Supports Young Children’s Use of Spatial Relations to Remember Locations.Hilary E. Miller, Rebecca Patterson & Vanessa R. Simmering - 2016 - Cognition 150:170-180.
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  28.  1
    Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man: A Casebook.John F. Callahan (ed.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This casebook features ten distinctive and provocative essays in addition to a generous sampling of Ellison's comments on the novel. A number of the latter are from letters never before published; also published here for the first time is Part II of Ellison's "Working Notes on Invisible Man," an undated exposition of his authorial intentions, probably written in 1946 or 1947. The ten essays are a selection of the most perceptive and comprehensive essays written on Invisible Man during the last (...)
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  29.  99
    Putnam's Retreat: Some Reflections on Hilary Putnam's Changing Views About Metaphysical Necessity.Bob Hale - 2004 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 28 (1):351–378.
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  30. Rejoinder to Murphy and Callahan on Hoppe's Argumentation Ethics.Walter Block - 2010 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 22 (1):631-639.
     
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  31.  90
    Hilary Putnam’s Internal Realism.Howard Sankey - 1998 - Cogito 12 (1):33-39.
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  32.  82
    A Note on Wittgenstein’s “Notorious Paragraph” About the Gödel Theorem.Juliet Floyd & Hilary Putnam - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (11):624-632.
    A look at Wittgenstein's comments on the incompleteness theorem with an inter-pretation that is consistent with what Gödel proved.
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  33. Changing Aristotle's Mind.Martha C. Nussbaum & Hilary Putnam - 1992 - In Martha C. Nussbaum & Amelie Oksenberg Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aristotle's De Anima. Clarendon Press. pp. 27-56.
  34.  25
    Hilary Putnam's Dialectical Thinking: An Application to Fallacy Theory. [REVIEW]Louise Cummings - 2002 - Argumentation 16 (2):197-229.
    In recent and not so recent years, fallacy theory has sustained numerous challenges, challenges which have seen the theory charged with lack of systematicity as well as failure to deliver significant insights into its subject matter. In the following discussion, I argue that these criticisms are subordinate to a more fundamental criticism of fallacy theory, a criticism pertaining to the lack of intelligibility of this theory. The charge of unintelligibility against fallacy theory derives from a similar charge against philosophical theories (...)
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  35.  9
    Let's Get the Lead Out: Or Why Johnson Controls is Not an Unequivocal Victory for Women.Joan C. Callahan - 1994 - Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (3):65-75.
  36. A Note on Wittgenstein’s “Notorious Paragraph” About the Gödel Theorem.Juliet Floyd & Hilary Putnam - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (11):624-632.
  37.  43
    Craig's Theorem.Hilary Putnam - 1965 - Journal of Philosophy 62 (10):251-260.
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  38. James's Theory of Truth'.Hilary Putnam - 1997 - In Ruth Anna Putnam (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to William James. Cambridge University Press. pp. 166--185.
     
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  39.  83
    Wallace’s ‘Normative Approach’ to Moral Responsibility. [REVIEW]Hilary Bok - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (3):682–686.
    R. Jay Wallace’s Responsibility and the Moral Sentiments is an interesting and provocative book. In the brief space available to me I will not discuss the points on which I agree with Wallace, nor will I consider the point libertarians are most likely to disagree with—namely, his claim that moral responsibility for some act does not require the specific ability to do something else. Instead, I want to consider Wallace’s arguments for his ‘normative approach’ to questions of moral responsibility.
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  40. Hilary Putnam's "Meaning and the Moral Sciences". [REVIEW]Kent Bach - 1979 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (1):137.
     
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  41.  38
    Persisting Effects of Instruction on Young Children's Syllogistic Reasoning with Incongruent and Abstract Premises.Hilary J. Leevers & Paul L. Harris - 1999 - Thinking and Reasoning 5 (2):145 – 173.
    Studies of reasoning have often invoked a distinction between a natural or ordinary consideration of the premises, in which they are interpreted, and even distorted, in the light of empirical knowledge, and an analytic or logical consideration of the premises, in which they are analysed in a literal fashion for their logical implications. Two or three years of schooling have been seen as critical for the spontaneous use of analytic reasoning. In two experiments, however, 4-year-olds who were given brief instructions (...)
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  42. Truth and Convention: On Davidson's Refutation of Conceptual Relativism.Hilary Putnam - 1987 - Dialectica 41 (1-2):69--77.
    SummaryI discuss a simple case in which theories with different ontologies appear equally adequate in every way. . I contend that the appearance of equal adequacy is correct, and that what this shows is that the notion of “existence” has a variety of different but legitimate uses. I also argue that this provides a counterexample to the claim advanced by Davidson, that conceptual relativity is incoherent.RésuméJe discute un cas simple où des théories comportant des ontologies différentes apparaissent également adéquates à (...)
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  43. Justifying Conditionalization: Conditionalization Maximizes Expected Epistemic Utility.Hilary Greaves & David Wallace - 2006 - Mind 115 (459):607-632.
    According to Bayesian epistemology, the epistemically rational agent updates her beliefs by conditionalization: that is, her posterior subjective probability after taking account of evidence X, pnew, is to be set equal to her prior conditional probability pold(·|X). Bayesians can be challenged to provide a justification for their claim that conditionalization is recommended by rationality—whence the normative force of the injunction to conditionalize? There are several existing justifications for conditionalization, but none directly addresses the idea that conditionalization will be epistemically rational (...)
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  44.  65
    Nonstandard Models and Kripke's Proof of the Gödel Theorem.Hilary Putnam - 2000 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 41 (1):53-58.
    This lecture, given at Beijing University in 1984, presents a remarkable (previously unpublished) proof of the Gödel Incompleteness Theorem due to Kripke. Today we know purely algebraic techniques that can be used to give direct proofs of the existence of nonstandard models in a style with which ordinary mathematicians feel perfectly comfortable--techniques that do not even require knowledge of the Completeness Theorem or even require that logic itself be axiomatized. Kripke used these techniques to establish incompleteness by means that could, (...)
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  45.  24
    Hilary Pepler's Pioneer Work for British Television.Mary Ellen Evans - 1990 - The Chesterton Review 16 (3/4):328-333.
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  46.  24
    Hilary Putnam. Minds and Machines. Minds and Machines, Edited by Alan Ross Anderson, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1964, Pp. 72–97. [REVIEW]Joseph S. Ullian - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (1):177.
  47.  9
    Essays on Giordano Bruno.Hilary Gatti - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    This book gathers wide-ranging essays on the Italian Renaissance philosopher and cosmologist Giordano Bruno by one of the world's leading authorities on his work and life. Many of these essays were originally written in Italian and appear here in English for the first time. Bruno is principally famous as a proponent of heliocentrism, the infinity of the universe, and the plurality of worlds. But his work spanned the sciences and humanities, sometimes touching the borders of the occult, and Hilary (...)
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  48.  9
    Oppressive Limits: Callahan's Foundation Myth.Kathleen Marie Dixon - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (6):613-637.
    Daniel Callahan has not simply proposed alterations of important features of the health economy. He has constructed a blue print for society drawing on concepts of what is natural and appropriate to human beings. He is, in effect, establishing a new social order. Like any social order, Callahan's system has its justificatory schemes or founding myths. This paper offers a feminist examination of the functions that these four myths – the concept of a whole of life; the stages (...)
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  49.  37
    Mind, Body and World in the Philosophy of Hilary Putnam.Hilary Putnam & Léo Peruzzo - 2015 - Trans/Form/Ação 38 (2):211-216.
    O artigo visa analisar, em linhas gerais, a arqueologia do sujeito operada por Alain de Libera, o que será feito pela concentração no estudo de duas teses fundamentais: Descartes chegou ao sujeito menos por reflexão e mais por refração, em seu debate com Hobbes e Regius, ao tentar escapar da redução do indivíduo à vida corporal e, portanto, à passividade; Tomás de Aquino e Pedro de João Olivi teriam sido os responsáveis por dar certo acabamento a uma temática elaborada desde (...)
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  50.  39
    Principlism and Communitarianism.D. Callahan - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (5):287-291.
    The decline in the interest in ethical theory is first outlined, as a background to the author’s discussion of principlism. The author’s own stance, that of a communitarian philosopher, is then described, before the subject of principlism itself is addressed. Two problems stand in the way of the author’s embracing principlism: its individualistic bias and its capacity to block substantive ethical inquiry. The more serious problem the author finds to be its blocking function. Discussing the four scenarios the author finds (...)
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