Results for 'Hilary S. Callahan'

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  1. Developmental phenotypic plasticity: where ecology and evolution meet molecular biology.Hilary S. Callahan, Massimo Pigliucci & Carl D. Schlichting - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (6):519-525.
    An exploration of the nexus between ecology, evolutionary biology and molecular biology, via the concept of phenotypic plasticity.
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  2.  11
    Social Aspects of Sham Surgeries.Hilary S. Leeds - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):70-71.
  3. The'Influence'of Ockham's Political Thinking.Hilary S. Offler - 1990 - In W. Vossenkuhl & R. Schönberger (eds.), Die Gegenwart Ockhams. pp. 338--365.
     
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  4.  13
    The Role of Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Accommodating Pluralism.Linnea S. Larson & Daniel Callahan - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (1):43.
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  5.  47
    The fiction of futility: What to do with policy?Lisa Anderson-Shaw, Hilary S. Leeds & Jd John J. Lantos - 2005 - HEC Forum 17 (4):294-307.
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  6.  40
    Special Supplement: The XYY Controversy: Researching Violence and Genetics.Diane Bauer, Ronald Bayer, Jonathan Beckwith, Gordon Bermant, Digamber S. Borgaonkar, Daniel Callahan, Arthur Caplan, John Conrad, Charles M. Culver, Gerald Dworkin, Harold Edgar, Willard Gaylin, Park Gerald, Clarence Harris, Johnathan King, Ruth Macklin, Allan Mazur, Robert Michels, Carola Mone, Rosalind Petchesky, Tabitha M. Powledge, Reed E. Pyeritz, Arthur Robinson, Thomas Scanlon, Saleem A. Shah, Thomas A. Shannon, Margaret Steinfels, Judith P. Swazey, Paul Wachtel & Stanley Walzer - 1980 - Hastings Center Report 10 (4):1.
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  7. Nonsymbolic approximate arithmetic in children: Abstract addition prior to instruction.(Manuscript under review.Hilary Barth, Lacey Beckmann & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2008 - Developmental Psychology 44 (5).
     
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  8.  14
    Reimagining Thriving Ethics Programs without Ethics Committees.Hilary Mabel, Joshua S. Crites, Thomas V. Cunningham & Jordan Potter - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics:1-16.
    With the increasing professionalization of clinical ethics, some hospitals and health systems utilize both ethics committees and professional clinical ethicists to address their ethics needs. Drawing upon historical critiques of ethics committees and their own experiences, the authors argue that, in ethics programs with one or more professional clinical ethicists, ethics committees should be dissolved when they fail to meet minimum standards of effectiveness. The authors outline several criteria for assessing effectiveness, describe the benefits of a model that places primary (...)
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  9.  8
    Renewing Philosophy.Hilary Putnam - 1992 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Hilary Putnam, one of America’s most distinguished philosophers, surveys an astonishingly wide range of issues and proposes a new, clear-cut approach to philosophical questions—a renewal of philosophy. He contests the view that only science offers an appropriate model for philosophical inquiry. His discussion of topics from artificial intelligence to natural selection, and of reductive philosophical views derived from these models, identifies the insuperable problems encountered when philosophy ignores the normative or attempts to reduce it to something else.
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  10.  6
    Constructing Gender: Feminism and Literary Studies.Hilary Fraser & R. S. White - 1994 - UWA Publishing.
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  11.  6
    In the Party Spirit: Socialist Realism and Literary Practice in the Soviet Union, East Germany and China.Hilary Chung, Michael Falchikov & Bonnie S. McDougall - 1996 - Brill Rodopi.
  12. Philosophy of logic.Hilary Putnam - 1971 - London,: Allen & Unwin. Edited by Stephen Laurence & Cynthia Macdonald.
    First published in 1971, Professor Putnam's essay concerns itself with the ontological problem in the philosophy of logic and mathematics - that is, the issue of whether the abstract entities spoken of in logic and mathematics really exist. He also deals with the question of whether or not reference to these abstract entities is really indispensible in logic and whether it is necessary in physical science in general.
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  13.  5
    Naturalism, realism, and normativity.Hilary Putnam - 2016 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Edited by Mario De Caro.
    This collection of essays by Hilary Putnam, one of the very few contemporary grand masters of philosophy, presents the last development of Putnam's reflections regarding the core issue of his entire career: how to develop a form of philosophical realism able to account for both the scientific and the humanistic view of the world - that is, a conception in which the naturalistic view of the world can be reconciled with the acknowledgment that normative phenomena are a fundamental part (...)
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  14.  24
    Special Supplement: Biomedical Ethics and the Shadow of Nazism.Daniel Callahan, Arthur Caplan, Harold Edgar, Laurence McCullough, Tabitha M. Powledge, Margaret Steinfels, Peter Steinfels, Robert M. Veatch, Joseph Walsh, Joel Colton, Lucy S. Dawidowicz, Milton Himmelfarb & Telford Taylor - 1976 - Hastings Center Report 6 (4):1.
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  15.  52
    More about `about'.Hilary Putnam & J. S. Ullian - 1965 - Journal of Philosophy 62 (12):305-310.
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  16. Index of Authors Volume 5, 2001.A. Acevedo, E. H. Y. Boo, J. Brinkmann, E. S. Callahan, B. Castro, L. Chalip, P. M. Clikeman, L. Dickie, J. Down & D. D. DuFrene - 2001 - Teaching Business Ethics 5 (485).
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  17.  22
    Adrienne M. Martin is assistant.Daniel Callahan, Lydia S. Dugdale & Mark A. Hall - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
  18.  13
    The Rise of the Portuguese Power in India 1497-1550.Raymond A. Callahan & R. S. Whiteway - 1971 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 91 (1):157.
  19.  11
    Theology, Religious Traditions, and Bioethics.Daniel Callahan & Courtney S. Campbell - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (4):1-24.
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  20. Naturalism and intuitions.Hilary Kornblith - 2007 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 74 (1):27-49.
    This paper examines the relationship between methodological naturalism and the standard practice within philosophy of constructing theories on the basis of our intuitions about imaginary cases, especially in the work of Alvin Goldman. It is argued that current work in cognitive science presents serious problems for Goldman's approach.
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  21. Against Strawsonian Epistemology.Hilary Kornblith - 2022 - In Nathan Ballantyne & David Dunning (eds.), Reason, Bias, and Inquiry: The Crossroads of Epistemology and Psychology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    A number of philosophers have found inspiration for a distinctive approach to a wide range of epistemological issues in P. F. Strawson’s classic essay, “Freedom and Resentment.” These Strawsonian epistemologists, as I call them, argue that the epistemology of testimony, self-knowledge, promising, and resolving is fundamentally different in kind from the epistemology of perception or inference. We should not see properly formed belief on these topics as evidence-based, for such an objective perspective, in such cases, results in a kind of (...)
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  22.  14
    The Brokenness of Being: lacanian theory and benchmark traumas.Hilary Neroni & Mari Ruti - 2023 - Angelaki 28 (6):123-170.
    In “The Brokenness of Being,” Mari Ruti investigates the impact that trauma can have on being. Informed by her own experience of breast cancer, Ruti argues that there are some traumatic experiences that entirely change one’s symbolic coordinates. She calls these types of experiences benchmark traumas. Diagnosed with terminal cancer, Ruti boldly explores how encountering a benchmark trauma forced her to recognize the brokenness of her being. She theorizes that this recognition reveals the split in the subject. Encountering this brokenness, (...)
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  23.  51
    Principlism and communitarianism.D. Callahan - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (5):287-291.
    The decline in the interest in ethical theory is first outlined, as a background to the author’s discussion of principlism. The author’s own stance, that of a communitarian philosopher, is then described, before the subject of principlism itself is addressed. Two problems stand in the way of the author’s embracing principlism: its individualistic bias and its capacity to block substantive ethical inquiry. The more serious problem the author finds to be its blocking function. Discussing the four scenarios the author finds (...)
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  24.  13
    Let's get the lead out: Or why Johnson controls is not an unequivocal victory for women.Joan C. Callahan - 1994 - Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (3):65-75.
  25.  24
    Symposium: A roundtable on feminism and philosophy in the mid-1990s: Taking stock: Introduction.Joan Callahan - 1996 - Metaphilosophy 27 (1-2):184-188.
    Feminist philosophy emerged in earnest in the 1970s. With that emergence and the latest surge of the Women's Movement now a quarter of a century old and with the turn of the century approaching quickly, the Society for Philosophy and Public Affairs and the Pacific Society for Women in Philosophy invited a group of feminist philosophers to reflect on feminism and philosophy as we approach the millennium. A roundtable was held at the 1995 meeting of the Pacific Division of the (...)
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  26.  92
    Bioethics and the Culture Wars.Daniel Callahan - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (4):424-431.
    American bioethics began in the late 1960s, stimulated by a plethora of new medical technologies and biological knowledge and by a scandal-induced interest in human subject research. Although it was understood that there would be ethical debate , no one thought the disputes would be ideological in character, as if part of one's voting pattern as liberal or conservative, Democrat or Republican. There were arguments, often sharp, but no culture wars.
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  27. A secret affair : researching Ireland's Catholic mass rocks.Hilary Bishop - 2020 - In Weronika A. Kusek & Nicholas Wise (eds.), Human geography and professional mobility: international experiences, critical reflections, practical insights. Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.
     
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  28. Philosophy of mathematics: selected readings.Paul Benacerraf & Hilary Putnam (eds.) - 1983 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    The twentieth century has witnessed an unprecedented 'crisis in the foundations of mathematics', featuring a world-famous paradox (Russell's Paradox), a challenge to 'classical' mathematics from a world-famous mathematician (the 'mathematical intuitionism' of Brouwer), a new foundational school (Hilbert's Formalism), and the profound incompleteness results of Kurt Gödel. In the same period, the cross-fertilization of mathematics and philosophy resulted in a new sort of 'mathematical philosophy', associated most notably (but in different ways) with Bertrand Russell, W. V. Quine, and Gödel himself, (...)
  29. Freedom and Responsibility.Hilary Bok - 1998 - Princeton University Press.
    Can we reconcile the idea that we are free and responsible agents with the idea that what we do is determined according to natural laws? For centuries, philosophers have tried in different ways to show that we can. Hilary Bok takes a fresh approach here, as she seeks to show that the two ideas are compatible by drawing on the distinction between practical and theoretical reasoning.Bok argues that when we engage in practical reasoning--the kind that involves asking "what should (...)
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  30.  4
    Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man: A Casebook.John F. Callahan (ed.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This casebook features ten distinctive and provocative essays in addition to a generous sampling of Ellison's comments on the novel. A number of the latter are from letters never before published; also published here for the first time is Part II of Ellison's "Working Notes on Invisible Man," an undated exposition of his authorial intentions, probably written in 1946 or 1947. The ten essays are a selection of the most perceptive and comprehensive essays written on Invisible Man during the last (...)
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  31.  63
    Was Your Mother Part of You? A Hylomorphist’s Challenge for Elselijn Kingma.Hilary Yancey - 2020 - Quaestiones Disputatae 10 (2):69-85.
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  32. Justifying conditionalization: Conditionalization maximizes expected epistemic utility.Hilary Greaves & David Wallace - 2006 - Mind 115 (459):607-632.
    According to Bayesian epistemology, the epistemically rational agent updates her beliefs by conditionalization: that is, her posterior subjective probability after taking account of evidence X, pnew, is to be set equal to her prior conditional probability pold(·|X). Bayesians can be challenged to provide a justification for their claim that conditionalization is recommended by rationality—whence the normative force of the injunction to conditionalize? There are several existing justifications for conditionalization, but none directly addresses the idea that conditionalization will be epistemically rational (...)
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  33.  11
    Critics of Enlightenment Rationalism.Gene Callahan & Kenneth B. McIntyre (eds.) - 2020 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book provides an overview of some of the most important critics of “Enlightenment rationalism.” The subjects of the volume—including, among others, Burke, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, T.S. Eliot, Wittgenstein, Heidegger, C.S. Lewis, Gabriel Marcel, Russell Kirk, and Jane Jacobs—do not share a philosophical tradition as much as a skeptical disposition toward the notion, common among modern thinkers, that there is only one standard of rationality or reasonableness, and that that one standard is or ought to be taken from the presuppositions, methods, (...)
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  34. Understanding Deutsch's probability in a deterministic universe.Hilary Greaves - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 35 (3):423-456.
    Difficulties over probability have often been considered fatal to the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics. Here I argue that the Everettian can have everything she needs from `probability' without recourse to indeterminism, ignorance, primitive identity over time or subjective uncertainty: all she needs is a particular *rationality principle*. The decision-theoretic approach recently developed by Deutsch and Wallace claims to provide just such a principle. But, according to Wallace, decision theory is itself applicable only if the correct attitude to a future (...)
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  35. Population axiology.Hilary Greaves - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (11):e12442.
    Population axiology is the study of the conditions under which one state of affairs is better than another, when the states of affairs in ques- tion may differ over the numbers and the identities of the persons who ever live. Extant theories include totalism, averagism, variable value theories, critical level theories, and “person-affecting” theories. Each of these the- ories is open to objections that are at least prima facie serious. A series of impossibility theorems shows that this is no coincidence: (...)
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  36. Epistemic Decision Theory.Hilary Greaves - 2013 - Mind 122 (488):915-952.
    I explore the prospects for modelling epistemic rationality (in the probabilist setting) via an epistemic decision theory, in a consequentialist spirit. Previous work has focused on cases in which the truth-values of the propositions in which the agent is selecting credences do not depend, either causally or merely evidentially, on the agent’s choice of credences. Relaxing that restriction leads to a proliferation of puzzle cases and theories to deal with them, including epistemic analogues of evidential and causal decision theory, and (...)
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  37. Cluelessness.Hilary Greaves - 2016 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 116 (3):311-339.
    Decisions, whether moral or prudential, should be guided at least in part by considerations of the consequences that would result from the various available actions. For any given action, however, the majority of its consequences are unpredictable at the time of decision. Many have worried that this leaves us, in some important sense, clueless. In this paper, I distinguish between ‘simple’ and ‘complex’ possible sources of cluelessness. In terms of this taxonomy, the majority of the existing literature on cluelessness focusses (...)
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  38.  18
    On the genealogy of machine learning datasets: A critical history of ImageNet.Hilary Nicole, Andrew Smart, Razvan Amironesei, Alex Hanna & Emily Denton - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (2).
    In response to growing concerns of bias, discrimination, and unfairness perpetuated by algorithmic systems, the datasets used to train and evaluate machine learning models have come under increased scrutiny. Many of these examinations have focused on the contents of machine learning datasets, finding glaring underrepresentation of minoritized groups. In contrast, relatively little work has been done to examine the norms, values, and assumptions embedded in these datasets. In this work, we conceptualize machine learning datasets as a type of informational infrastructure, (...)
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  39.  13
    Language supports young children’s use of spatial relations to remember locations.Hilary E. Miller, Rebecca Patterson & Vanessa R. Simmering - 2016 - Cognition 150 (C):170-180.
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  40.  14
    Embryo Research Revisited.Brigid L. M. Hogan, Ronald M. Green, Sheldon Krimsky, Courtney S. Campbell, Ruth Hubbard & Daniel Callahan - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (3):2-6.
  41.  7
    Handbook of Health Behavior Research. [REVIEW]Daniel Callahan & David S. Gochman - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (1):47.
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  42.  54
    What's wrong with confusion?Hilary Bok - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):25 – 26.
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  43.  66
    Disability and First-Person Testimony.Hilary Yancey - 2018 - Southwest Philosophy Review 34 (1):141-151.
    It is widely agreed that first-person testimony is a good source of evidence, including testimony about the contents of mental states unobservable to others. Thus we generally think that an individual’s testimony is a good source of evidence about her wellbeing—after all, she experiences her quality of life and we don’t. However, some have argued that the first-person testimony of disabled individuals regarding their wellbeing is defeated: regardless of someone’s claim about how disability affects her overall wellbeing, other evidence about (...)
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  44.  43
    Persisting effects of instruction on young children's syllogistic reasoning with incongruent and abstract premises.Hilary J. Leevers & Paul L. Harris - 1999 - Thinking and Reasoning 5 (2):145 – 173.
    Studies of reasoning have often invoked a distinction between a natural or ordinary consideration of the premises, in which they are interpreted, and even distorted, in the light of empirical knowledge, and an analytic or logical consideration of the premises, in which they are analysed in a literal fashion for their logical implications. Two or three years of schooling have been seen as critical for the spontaneous use of analytic reasoning. In two experiments, however, 4-year-olds who were given brief instructions (...)
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  45.  43
    Tough Breaks: Trans Rage and the Cultivation of Resilience.Hilary Malatino - 2019 - Hypatia 34 (1):121-140.
    Countering hegemonic understandings of rage as a deleterious emotion, this article examines rage across specific sites of trans cultural production—the prison letters of CeCe McDonald and the durational performance art of Cassils—in order to argue that it is integral to trans survival and flourishing. Theorizing rage as a justified response to unlivable circumstances, a response that plays a key role in enabling trans subjects to detach from toxic relational dynamics in order to transition toward other forms of gendered subjectivity and (...)
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  46.  78
    Moral Uncertainty About Population Axiology.Hilary Greaves & Toby Ord - 2017 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 12 (2):135-167.
    Given the deep disagreement surrounding population axiology, one should remain uncertain about which theory is best. However, this uncertainty need not leave one neutral about which acts are better or worse. We show that, as the number of lives at stake grows, the Expected Moral Value approach to axiological uncertainty systematically pushes one toward choosing the option preferred by the Total View and critical-level views, even if one’s credence in those theories is low.
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  47.  51
    Feminist Scholarship on International Law in the 1990s and Today: An Inter-Generational Conversation.Hilary Charlesworth, Gina Heathcote & Emily Jones - 2019 - Feminist Legal Studies 27 (1):79-93.
    The world of international relations and law is constantly changing. There is a risk of the systematic undermining of international organisations and law over the next years. Feminist approaches to international law will need to adapt accordingly, to ensure that they continue to challenge inequalities, and serve as an important and critical voice in international law. This article seeks to tell the story of feminist perspectives on international law from the early 1990s till today through a discussion between three generations (...)
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  48.  91
    At the Intersection of Social and Cognitive Development: Internal Working Models of Attachment in Infancy.Susan C. Johnson, Carol S. Dweck, Frances S. Chen, Hilarie L. Stern, Su-Jeong Ok & Maria Barth - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (5):807-825.
    Three visual habituation studies using abstract animations tested the claim that infants’ attachment behavior in the Strange Situation procedure corresponds to their expectations about caregiver–infant interactions. Three unique patterns of expectations were revealed. Securely attached infants expected infants to seek comfort from caregivers and expected caregivers to provide comfort. Insecure-resistant infants not only expected infants to seek comfort from caregivers but also expected caregivers to withhold comfort. Insecure-avoidant infants expected infants to avoid seeking comfort from caregivers and expected caregivers to (...)
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  49.  14
    Supporting patient decision-making in non-invasive prenatal testing: a comparative study of professional values and practices in England and France.Hilary Bowman-Smart, Adeline Perrot & Ruth Horn - 2024 - BMC Medical Ethics 25 (1):1-13.
    Background Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), which can screen for aneuploidies such as trisomy 21, is being implemented in several public healthcare systems across Europe. Comprehensive communication and information have been highlighted in the literature as important elements in supporting women’s reproductive decision-making and addressing relevant ethical concerns such as routinisation. Countries such as England and France are adopting broadly similar implementation models, offering NIPT for pregnancies with high aneuploidy probability. However, we do not have a deeper understanding of how professionals’ (...)
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  50. Aggregating extended preferences.Hilary Greaves & Harvey Lederman - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (5):1163-1190.
    An important objection to preference-satisfaction theories of well-being is that they cannot make sense of interpersonal comparisons. A tradition dating back to Harsanyi :434, 1953) attempts to solve this problem by appeal to people’s so-called extended preferences. This paper presents a new problem for the extended preferences program, related to Arrow’s celebrated impossibility theorem. We consider three ways in which the extended-preference theorist might avoid this problem, and recommend that she pursue one: developing aggregation rules that violate Arrow’s Independence of (...)
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