Results for 'Martyn Griffin'

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  1.  78
    Deliberative Democracy and Emotional Intelligence: An Internal Mechanism to Regulate the Emotions. [REVIEW]Martyn Griffin - 2011 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 31 (6):517-538.
    Deliberative democracy, it is claimed, is essential for the legitimisation of public policy and law. It is built upon an assumption that citizens will be capable of constructing and defending reasons for their moral and political beliefs. However, critics of deliberative democracy suggest that citizens’ emotions are not properly considered in this process and, if left unconsidered, present a serious problem for this political framework. In response to this, deliberative theorists have increasingly begun to incorporate the emotions into their accounts. (...)
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  2. Experiences of ethics, governance, and scientific practice in neuroscience research.Martyn Pickersgil - 2021 - In Graeme T. Laurie (ed.), The Cambridge handbook of health research regulation. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  3.  30
    Metaplasticity rendered visible in paint: How matter ‘matters’ in the lifeworld of Human action.Martyn Woodward - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (1):113-132.
    Recent theoretical and philosophical movements within the study of material culture are more carefully attending to the variety of ways in which human artefacts, institutions, and cultural developments extend, shape and alter human cognition over time. Material Engagement Theory in particular has set out to map, explore and understand the relational nature of mind and material world as can be read through cultural artefacts. Within the context of MET, the neurological concept of metaplasticity has been expanded to include the affective (...)
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  4.  29
    Thinking about animal thoughts.Donald R. Griffin - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):364-364.
  5.  11
    The Co-production of Science, Ethics, and Emotion.Martyn Pickersgill - 2012 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 37 (6):579-603.
    The concept of “ethical research” holds considerable sway over the ways in which contemporary biomedical, natural, and social science investigations are funded, regulated, and practiced within a variety of countries. Some commentators have viewed this “new” means of governance positively; others, however, have been resoundingly critical, regarding it as restrictive and ethics bodies and regulations unfit for the task they have been set. Regardless, it is clear that science today is an “ethical” business. The ways in which formal and informal (...)
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  6.  49
    Plotinus on number.Svetla Slaveva-Griffin - 2009 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Ancient Greek Philosophy routinely relied upon concepts of number to explain the tangible order of the universe. Plotinus' contribution to this tradition, however, has been often omitted, if not ignored. The main reason for this, at first glance, is the Plotinus does not treat the subject of number in the Enneads as pervasively as the Neopythagoreans or even his own successors Lamblichus, Syrianus, and Proclus. Nevertheless, a close examination of the Enneads reveals that Plotinus systematically discusses number in relation to (...)
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  7.  61
    Debating DSM-5: diagnosis and the sociology of critique.Martyn D. Pickersgill - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (8):521-525.
    The development of the fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association9s _Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders_—the DSM-5—has reenergised and driven further forward critical discourse about the place and role of diagnosis in mental health. The DSM-5 has attracted considerable criticism, not least about its role in processes of medicalisation. This paper suggests the need for a sociology of psychiatric critique. Sociological analysis can help map fields of contention, and cast fresh light on the assumptions and nuances of debate (...)
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  8. La dyade aidant-aidé : quand l’'ge et le sexe font obstacle au pouvoir d’agir'.Martyne-Isabel Rapin Forest - 2008 - Éthique Publique 10 (2).
    Qu’elle soit ingrate ou réussie, la vieillesse soulève des questions incontournables : celles de la mort et de la souffrance, de la responsabilité et de la vulnérabilité. Du silence et de la parole aussi. Être vulnérable, c’est être fragile, friable ; c’est avoir besoin de son prochain. La vulnérabilité est liée, notamment, à la maladie, au grand âge, à la dépendance ou au fardeau de l’aide. Or, les personnes aidées et aidantes sont surtout des femmes. Il y a les femmes (...)
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  9.  15
    Protein targeting to dense‐core secretory granules.Martyn A. J. Chidgey - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (5):317-321.
    Regulated secretory proteins are stored within specialized vesicles known as secretory granules. It is not known how proteins are sorted into these organelles. Regulated proteins may possess targeting signals which interact with specific sorting receptors in the lumen of the trans‐Golgi network (TGN) prior to their aggregation to form the characteristic dense‐core of the granule. Alternatively, sorting may occur as the result of specific aggregation of regulated proteins in the TGN. Aggregates may be directed to secretory granules by interaction of (...)
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  10.  12
    Indemnity and Liability for Human Volunteers — Ethical Considerations: The Victim's Perspective.Martyn Day - 2007 - Research Ethics 3 (1):14-17.
    There is much law and many guidelines surrounding the whole issue of the indemnity for human volunteers when it comes to clinical trials. The system that had been put in place to protect individual volunteer drug trialists seems largely to have worked by the fact that there are so few examples of legal cases being issued. However, recent events have shown that when the system fails it fails somewhat spectacularly. The difficulty for groups such as the ethics committee is that (...)
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  11.  19
    At the Genesis of a Research Idea: Defending and Defining a Duty Prior to Ethics Review.Martyn Denscombe, Gavin Dingwall & Tim Hillier - 2008 - Research Ethics 4 (2):73-75.
    This article challenges the assumption inherent in many ethics codes that duties only arise when the project is sufficiently advanced that a formal research proposal can be put before an ethics committee for approval. Certain social science methodologies do not lend themselves to a simple demarcation between the preparation and the implementation of the research. It is therefore imperative that consideration is given to researchers' ethical duties prior to formal review. The problem of demarcation and of defining a duty are (...)
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  12.  6
    Why might negative mood help or hinder inhibitory performance? An exploration of thinking styles using a Navon induction.Martyn Sean Gabel & Tara McAuley - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (4):705-712.
    Theories of affective influences on cognition posit that negative mood may increase cognitive load, causing a decrement in task performance (Seibert & Ellis, [1991]. Irrelevant thoughts, emotional mood states, and cognitive task performance. Memory & Cognition, 19(5), 507–513), or cause a shift to more analytic thinking, which benefits tasks requiring attention to detail (Schwarz & Clore, [1983]. Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45(3), 513–523). We previously reported (...)
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  13. Legal Perspectives.Walter P. Griffin - 2020 - In Frankie Perry (ed.), The tracks we leave: ethics and management dilemmas in healthcare. Chicago, IL: Health Administration Press.
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  14.  3
    La philosophie écossaise du sens commun: Thomas Reid et Dugald Stewart.Evelyne Griffin-Collart - 1980 - Bruxelles: Académie royale de Belgique.
  15. Steiner's anthroposophy and Whitehead's philosophy.David Ray Griffin - 2012 - In Robert A. McDermott (ed.), American philosophy and Rudolf Steiner: Emerson, Thoreau, Peirce, James, Royce, Dewey, Whitehead, feminism. Great Barrington, MA: Lindisfarne Books.
     
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  16. On human rights.James Griffin - 2008 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    It is our job now - the job of this book - to influence and develop the unsettled discourse of human rights so as to complete the incomplete idea.
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  17. Sellars's Core Critique of C. I. Lewis: Against the Equation of Aboutness with Givenness.Griffin Klemick - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie (1):106-136.
    Many have taken Sellars’s critique of empiricism in “Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind” (EPM) to be aimed at his teacher C. I. Lewis. But if so, why do the famous arguments of its opening sections carry so little force against Lewis’s views? Understandably, some respond by denying that Lewis’s epistemology is among the positions targeted by Sellars. But this is incorrect. Indeed, Sellars had earlier offered more trenchant (if already familiar) critiques of Lewis’s epistemology. What is original about EPM (...)
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  18. What should we do about torture?James Griffin - 2010 - In N. Ann Davis, Richard Keshen & Jeff McMahan (eds.), Ethics and humanity: themes from the philosophy of Jonathan Glover. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  19. Quelques aspects éthiques de l'écologie.Evelyne Griffin-Collart - 1982 - In Gilbert Hottois & Marcel Voisin (eds.), Philosophie, morale et société. Bruxelles, Belgique: Editions de l'Université de Bruxelles.
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  20. The Problem of Isomorphic Structures in advance.Owain Griffin - forthcoming - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy.
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  21. Sellars’ metaethical quasi-realism.Griffin Klemick - 2020 - Synthese 197 (5):2215-2243.
    In this article, I expound and defend an interpretation of Sellars as a metaethical quasi-realist. Sellars analyzes moral discourse in non-cognitivist terms: in particular, he analyzes “ought”-statements as expressions of collective intentions deriving from a collective commitment to provide for the general welfare. But he also endorses a functional-role theory of meaning, on which a statement’s meaning is grounded in its being governed by semantical rules concerning language entry, intra-linguistic, and language departure transitions, and a theory of truth as correct (...)
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  22. Prospects for an Objective Pragmatism: Frank Ramsey on Truth, Meaning, and Justification.Griffin Klemick - 2017 - In Sami Pihlström (ed.), Pragmatism and Objectivity: Essays Sparked by the Work of Nicholas Rescher. New York: Routledge. pp. 46-71.
  23.  20
    The holophrastic hypothesis: Conceptual and empirical issues.Martyn J. Barrett - 1982 - Cognition 11 (1):47-76.
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  24. The state of cultural biology: regulating biological computing.James Griffin - 2023 - Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
    Offering a novel and pragmatic perspective, this timely book critically examines the development of a culture of machinist regulation and questions whether this approach is appropriate in an era of rising biological technologies. Adopting an ontological approach, James Griffin considers how current regulatory frameworks favour digital technology and how this may change in the future. Griffin adeptly investigates how regulation can impact the nature of new technologies, especially as biological computing is becoming more commonplace. Chapters provide a wealth (...)
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  25. C. I. Lewis was a Foundationalist After All.Griffin Klemick - 2020 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 37 (1):77-99.
    While C. I. Lewis was traditionally interpreted as an epistemological foundationalist throughout his major works, virtually every recent treatment of Lewis's epistemology dissents. But the traditional interpretation is correct: Lewis believed that apprehensions of "the given" are certain independently of support from, and constitute the ultimate warrant for, objective empirical beliefs. This interpretation proves surprisingly capable of accommodating apparently contrary textual evidence. The non-foundationalist reading, by contrast, simply cannot explain Lewis's explicit opposition to coherentism and his insistence that only apprehensions (...)
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  26.  15
    Toward feasible and efficient DNA computation.Martyn Amos, Alan Gibbons & Paul E. Dunne - 1998 - Complexity 4 (1):20-24.
  27. Informal empire in crisis: British diplomacy and the Chinese customs succession, 1927-1929.Martyn Atkins - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
  28. Imago Vitae Suae.Miriam T. Griffin - 2008 - In John G. Fitch (ed.), Seneca. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  29. Part I: Torture. What should we do about torture?James Griffin - 2010 - In N. Ann Davis, Richard Keshen & Jeff McMahan (eds.), Ethics and humanity: themes from the philosophy of Jonathan Glover. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  30.  3
    Forgotten Pages in Baltic History: Diversity and Inclusion.Martyn Housden & David J. Smith (eds.) - 2011 - Editions Rodopi.
    The years from 1918 to 1945 remain central to European History. It was a breath-taking time during which the very best and very worst attributes of Mankind were on display. In the euphoria of peace which followed the end of the First World War, the Baltic States emerged as independent forces on the world stage, participating in thrilling experiments in national and transnational governance. Later, following economic collapse and in the face of rising totalitarianism among even Europe’s most cultured nations, (...)
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  31.  4
    Birth control information.Edith How-Martyn - 1931 - The Eugenics Review 22 (4):325.
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  32.  8
    The world population conference.Edith How-Martyn - 1931 - The Eugenics Review 23 (1):94.
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  33.  5
    Understanding Veganism: Biography and Identity.Nathan Stephens Griffin - 2017 - Cham: Imprint: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book focuses on the increasingly popular phenomenon of veganism, a way of living that attempts to exclude all animal products on ethical grounds. Using data from biographical interviews with vegans, the author untangles the complex topic of veganism to understand vegan identity from a critical and biographical perspective. Shaped by the participants' biographical narratives, the study considers the diverse topics of family, faith, sexuality, gender, music, culture, embodiment and activism and how these influence the lives and identities of vegans. (...)
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  34.  19
    The Endurance of Uncertainty: Antisociality and Ontological Anarchy in British Psychiatry, 1950–2010.Martyn Pickersgill - 2014 - Science in Context 27 (1):143-175.
    ArgumentResearch into the biological markers of pathology has long been a feature of British psychiatry. Such somatic indicators and associated features of mental disorder often intertwine with discourse on psychological and behavioral correlates and causes of mental ill-health. Disorders of sociality – particularly psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder – are important instances where the search for markers of pathology has a long history; research in this area has played an important role in shaping how mental health professionals understand the conditions. (...)
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  35.  9
    Education, work and identity.Martyn Walker - 2014 - British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (3):364-366.
  36.  36
    Das männliche Vaginale.Griffin Hansbury - 2019 - Psyche 73 (8):557-584.
    Um die Beziehung zwischen Männern und dem physischen sowie phantasierten Vaginalen zu untersuchen, zielt dieser Beitrag auf die Lokalisierung und Erhellung der Transgender-Schwelle von Cisgender-Männern, statt auf die augenfälligen Phänomene des Transgender-Erlebens zu fokussieren. Indem der Autor das Vaginale als Pendant zum Phallischen postuliert, koppelt er vaginale psychische und verkörperlichte Zustände vom Weiblichen im strengen Sinn ab, um sie, ebenso wie das Phallische, Menschen sämtlicher Gender und biologischen Geschlechter zugänglich zu machen. Dieser Begriff weist über das Konzeptuelle hinaus auf die (...)
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  37.  15
    The persistence of precarity: youth livelihood struggles and aspirations in the context of truncated agrarian change, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.Christina Griffin, Nurhady Sirimorok, Wolfram H. Dressler, Muhammad Alif K. Sahide, Micah R. Fisher, Fatwa Faturachmat, Andi Vika Faradiba Muin, Pamula Mita Andary, Karno B. Batiran, Rahmat, Muhammad Rizaldi, Tessa Toumbourou, Reni Suwarso, Wilmar Salim, Ariane Utomo, Fandi Akhmad & Jessica Clendenning - 2023 - Agriculture and Human Values 41 (1):293-311.
    Processes of rapid and truncated agrarian change—driven through expanding urbanisation, infrastructure development, extractive industries, and commodity crops—are shaping the livelihood opportunities and aspirations of Indonesia’s rural youth. This study describes the everyday experiences of youth as they navigate the changing character of agriculture, aquaculture, and fishing livelihoods across gender, class, and generation. Drawing on qualitative field research conducted in the Maros District of South Sulawesi, we examine young people’s experiences of agrarian change in a landscape of entangled rural, coastal and (...)
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  38.  15
    Contents.David Ray Griffin, Michael Epperson & Timothy E. Eastman - 2016 - In Timothy E. Eastman, Michael Epperson & David Ray Griffin (eds.), Physics and Speculative Philosophy: Potentiality in Modern Science. Boston: De Gruyter.
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  39.  13
    Frontmatter.David Ray Griffin, Michael Epperson & Timothy E. Eastman - 2016 - In Timothy E. Eastman, Michael Epperson & David Ray Griffin (eds.), Physics and Speculative Philosophy: Potentiality in Modern Science. Boston: De Gruyter.
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  40.  9
    Index.David Ray Griffin, Michael Epperson & Timothy E. Eastman - 2016 - In Timothy E. Eastman, Michael Epperson & David Ray Griffin (eds.), Physics and Speculative Philosophy: Potentiality in Modern Science. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 267-276.
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  41.  14
    Whiteheadian Physics: Its Implications For Time, Consciousness, And Freedom.David Ray Griffin - 2016 - In Timothy E. Eastman, Michael Epperson & David Ray Griffin (eds.), Physics and Speculative Philosophy: Potentiality in Modern Science. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 243-266.
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  42.  9
    “Encouragement of sound education amongst the industrial classes”: mechanics’ institutes and working-class membership 1838–1881.Martyn Walker - 2013 - Educational Studies 39 (2):142-155.
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  43.  6
    The Development of the Mechanics’ Institute Movement in Britain and Beyond: Supporting Further Education for the Adult Working Classes.Martyn Walker - 2016 - Routledge.
    This book questions the generally accepted view that mechanics’ institutes made little contribution to adult working-class education from their foundation in the 1820s to 1890. The book traces the historical development of several mechanics’ institutes across Britain, establishing that many supported both male and female working-class membership before state intervention at the end of the nineteenth century resulted in the development of further education for all. Chapters of the book draw on historical accounts in supporting the claim that the movement, (...)
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  44.  19
    Medical humanities.Martyn Evans & Ilora G. Finlay (eds.) - 2001 - London: BMJ.
    The purpose of medical humanities is to improve the delivery of effective health care through a better understanding of disease in society, and in the individual. The interfaces between the science of medicine and the arts, philosophy, sociology and law interpret causes and effects of disease. The field of medical ethics is the most prominent offspring of this wider debate, yet the context of disease in the life of the individual and of society is profound and far-reaching. The influences of (...)
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  45.  10
    Psychiatry and the Sociology of Novelty: Negotiating the US National Institute of Mental Health “Research Domain Criteria”.Martyn Pickersgill - 2019 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 44 (4):612-633.
    In the United States, the National Institute of Mental Health is seeking to encourage researchers to move away from diagnostic tools like the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. A key mechanism for this is the “Research Domain Criteria” initiative, closely associated with former NIMH Director Thomas Insel. This article examines how key figures in US psychiatry construct the purpose, nature, and implications of the ambiguous RDoC project; that is, how its novelty is constituted through discourse. In this paper, (...)
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  46.  65
    Does physiotherapy management of low back pain change as a result of an evidence‐based educational programme?Kay Stevenson, Martyn Lewis & Elaine Hay - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):365-375.
    RATIONALE: The concept of evidence-based medicine is important in providing efficient health care. The process uses research findings as the basis for clinical decision making. Evidence-based practice helps optimize current health care and enables the practitioners to be suitably accountable for the interventions they provide. Little work has been undertaken to examine how allied health professionals change their clinical practice in light of the latest evidence. The use of opinion leaders to disseminate new evidence around the management of low back (...)
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  47.  7
    Is ‘Representation’ a Folk Term? Some Thoughts on a Theme in Science Studies.Martyn Hammersley - 2022 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 52 (3):132-149.
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Volume 52, Issue 3, Page 132-149, June 2022. An influential strand within Science and Technology Studies rejects the idea that science produces representations referring to objects or processes that exist independently of it. This radical ‘turn’ has been framed as ‘constructionist’, ‘nominalist’, and more recently as ‘ontological’. Its central argument is that science constructs or enacts rather than represents. Since most practitioners of science believe that it involves representation, an implication of the radical turn must (...)
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  48. Foucault's Philosophy of Science: Structures of Truth/Structures of Power.Linda Martýn Alcoff - 2005 - In Gary Gutting (ed.), Continental Philosophy of Science. Blackwell. pp. 209–223.
    Michel Foucault’s formative years included the study not only of history and philosophy but also of psychology: two years after he took license in philosophy at the Sorbonne in 1948, he took another in psychology, and then obtained, in 1952, a Diplôme de Psycho Pathologie . From his earliest years at the Ecole Normale Superieur he had taken courses on general and social psychology with one of most influential psychologists of the time, Daniel Lagache, who was attempting to integrate psychoanalysis (...)
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  49.  6
    Interrogating the concept of vulnerability in social research ethics.Anna Traianou & Martyn Hammersley - forthcoming - Diametros:1-16.
    This paper examines the concept of vulnerability in the context of social research ethics. An ambiguity is noted in use of this term: it may refer to an incapacity to provide informed consent to participate in a research project, or it may imply heightened susceptibility to the risk of harm. It is pointed out that vulnerability is a matter of degree, and that there are different sources and types of harm, which must be taken into account in any judgment about (...)
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  50.  37
    Do physiotherapists' attitudes towards evidence‐based practice change as a result of an evidence‐based educational programme?Kay Stevenson, Martyn Lewis & Elaine Hay - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):207-217.
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