Results for 'Tony Hallam'

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  1.  21
    The Great Revolution in the Earth Sciences in the Mid-Twentieth CenturyHenry R. Frankel. The Continental Drift Controversy. 4 Volumes. Volume 1: Wegener and the Early Debate. Xxii + 604 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Volume 2: Paleomagnetism and Confirmation of Drift. Xviii + 525 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Volume 3: Introduction of Seafloor Spreading. Xvi + 476 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Volume 4: Evolution Into Plate Tectonics. Xix + 675 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. $400. [REVIEW]Tony Hallam - 2014 - Isis 105 (2):410-412.
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  2. Cambridge Social Ontology: An Interview with Tony Lawson.Tony Lawson & C. Tyler DesRoches - 2009 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 2 (1):100-122.
  3. Creativity and Cultural Improvisation.Elizabeth Hallam & Tim Ingold (eds.) - 2007 - Berg.
    There is no prepared script for social and cultural life. People work it out as they go along. Creativity and Cultural Improvisation casts fresh, anthropological eyes on the cultural sites of creativity that form part of our social matrix. The book explores the ways creative agency is attributed in the graphic and performing arts and in intellectual property law. It shows how the sources of creativity are embedded in social, political and religious institutions, examines the relation between creativity and the (...)
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  4. The Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology.Susan Hallam, Ian Cross & Michael Thaut (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The 2nd edition of the Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology updates the original landmark text which provided a comprehensive review of the latest developments in this fast growing area of research. The 2nd edition has 55 chapters divided into 11 parts covering both experimental and theoretical perspectives each edited by an internationally recognised authority in the area.
     
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  5.  17
    Globalizing Genomics: The Origins of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration.Hallam Stevens - 2017 - Journal of the History of Biology 51 (4):657-691.
    Genomics is increasingly considered a global enterprise – the fact that biological information can flow rapidly around the planet is taken to be important to what genomics is and what it can achieve. However, the large-scale international circulation of nucleotide sequence information did not begin with the Human Genome Project. Efforts to formalize and institutionalize the circulation of sequence information emerged concurrently with the development of centralized facilities for collecting that information. That is, the very first databases build for collecting (...)
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  6. Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology.Susan Hallam, Ian Cross & Michael Thaut (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    The Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology is the definitive, comprehensive, and authoritative text on this burgeoning field. With contributions from over fifty experts in the field, the range and depth of coverage is unequalled. It will be an essential resource for students and researchers in psychology.
     
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  7.  45
    Coding Sequences: A History of Sequence Comparison Algorithms as a Scientific Instrument.Hallam Stevens - 2011 - Perspectives on Science 19 (3):263-299.
    Historians of molecular biology have paid significant attention to the role of scientific instruments and their relationship to the production of biological knowledge. For instance, Lily Kay has examined the history of electrophoresis, Boelie Elzen has analyzed the development of the ultracentrifuge as an enabling technology for molecular biology, and Nicolas Rasmussen has examined how molecular biology was transformed by the introduction of the electron microscope (Kay 1998, 1993; Elzen 1986; Rasmussen 1997). 1 Collectively, these historians have demonstrated how instruments (...)
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  8. Roundtable: Tony Lawson's Reorienting Economics.Tony Lawson - 2004 - Journal of Economic Methodology 11 (3):329-340.
     
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  9. Economics and Reality.Tony Lawson - 1997 - Routledge.
    There is an increasingly widespread belief, both within and outside the discipline, that modern economics is irrelevant to the understanding of the real world. Economics and Reality traces this irrelevance to the failure of economists to match their methods with their subject, showing that formal, mathematical models are unsuitable to the social realities economists purport to address. Tony Lawson examines the various ways in which mainstream economics is rooted in positivist philosophy and examines the problems this causes. It focuses (...)
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  10.  53
    The Effects of Background Music on Primary School Pupils' Task Performance.Susan Hallam, John Price & Georgia Katsarou - 2002 - Educational Studies 28 (2):111-122.
    Research on the effects of background music has a long history. Early work was not embedded within a theoretical framework, was often poorly conceptualised and produced equivocal findings. This paper reports two studies exploring the effects of music, perceived to be calming and relaxing, on performance in arithmetic and on a memory task in children aged 10-12. The calming music led to better performance on both tasks when compared with a no-music condition. Music perceived as arousing, aggressive and unpleasant disrupted (...)
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  11.  12
    One Thousand Good Things in Nature: Aspects of Nearby Nature Associated with Improved Connection to Nature.Miles Richardson, Jenny Hallam & Ryan Lumber - 2015 - Environmental Values 24 (5):603-619.
  12.  22
    Grey's Anatomy: Scalpels, Sex and Stereotypes.Julia Hallam - 2009 - Medical Humanities 35 (1):60-61.
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  13. Virality: Contagion Theory in the Age of Networks.Tony D. Sampson - 2012 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    In this thought-provoking work, Tony D. Sampson presents a contagion theory fit for the age of networks. Unlike memes and microbial contagions, _Virality_ does not restrict itself to biological analogies and medical metaphors. It instead points toward a theory of contagious assemblages, events, and affects. For Sampson, contagion is not necessarily a positive or negative force of encounter; it is how society comes together and relates. Sampson argues that a biological knowledge of contagion has been universally distributed by way (...)
     
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  14.  10
    From Angels to Handmaidens: Changing Constructions of Nursing's Public Image in Post-War Britain.Julia Hallam - 1998 - Nursing Inquiry 5 (1):32-42.
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  15. Delusions and Brain Injury: The Philosophy and Psychology of Belief.Tony Stone & Andrew W. Young - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (3-4):327-64.
    Circumscribed delusional beliefs can follow brain injury. We suggest that these involve anomalous perceptual experiences created by a deficit to the person's perceptual system, and misinterpretation of these experiences due to biased reasoning. We use the Capgras delusion (the claim that one or more of one's close relatives has been replaced by an exact replica or impostor) to illustrate this argument. Our account maintains that people voicing this delusion suffer an impairment that leads to faces being perceived as drained of (...)
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  16. After the Philosophy of Mind: Replacing Scholasticism with Science.Tony Chemero & Michael Silberstein - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (1):1-27.
    We provide a taxonomy of the two most important debates in the philosophy of the cognitive and neural sciences. The first debate is over methodological individualism: is the object of the cognitive and neural sciences the brain, the whole animal, or the animal--environment system? The second is over explanatory style: should explanation in cognitive and neural science be reductionist-mechanistic, inter-level mechanistic, or dynamical? After setting out the debates, we discuss the ways in which they are interconnected. Finally, we make some (...)
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  17. Cognitive Neuropsychology and the Philosophy of Mind.Tony Stone & Martin Davies - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (4):589-622.
  18.  29
    How Leader Alignment of Words and Deeds Affects Followers: A Meta-Analysis of Behavioral Integrity Research.Tony Simons, Hannes Leroy, Veroniek Collewaert & Stijn Masschelein - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (4):831-844.
    Substantial research examines the follower consequences of leader alignment of words and deeds, but no research has quantitatively reviewed these effects. This study examines extant research on behavioral integrity and contrasts it with two other constructs that focus on alignment: moral integrity and psychological contract breaches. We compare effect sizes between the three constructs, and find that BI has stronger effects on trust, in-role task performance and citizenship behavior than moral integrity and stronger effects on commitment and OCB than psychological (...)
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  19. Mental Simulation, Tacit Theory, and the Threat of Collapse.Tony Stone - 2001 - Philosophical Topics 29 (1/2):127-173.
    According to the theory theory of folk psychology, our engagement in the folk psychological practices of prediction, interpretation and explanation draws on a rich body of knowledge about psychological matters. According to the simulation theory, in apparent contrast, a fundamental role is played by our ability to identify with another person in imagination and to replicate or re-enact aspects of the other person’s mental life. But amongst theory theorists, and amongst simulation theorists, there are significant differences of approach.
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  20.  16
    Delusions and Brain Injury: The Philosophy and Psychology of Belief.Tony Stone & Andrew W. Young - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (3-4):327-364.
  21. Iconic Memory and Attention in the Overflow Debate.Tony Cheng - 2017 - Cogent Psychology 4 (1):01-11.
    The overflow debate concerns this following question: does conscious iconic memory have a higher capacity than attention does? In recent years, Ned Block has been invoking empirical works to support the positive answer to this question. The view is called the “rich view” or the “Overflow view”. One central thread of this discussion concerns the nature of iconic memory: for example how rich they are and whether they are conscious. The first section discusses a potential misunderstanding of “visible persistence” in (...)
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  22.  51
    The Logic of Marx’s “Capital”: Replies to Hegelian Criticisms.Tony Smith - 1990 - State University of New York Press.
    In a step-by-step progression through Marx's three volume work, discovers a systematic theory of socio-economic categories ordered according to the dialectical logic derived from Hegel.
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  23.  45
    Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction.Tony Hope - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Issues in medical ethics are rarely out of the media and it is an area of ethics that has particular interest for the general public as well as the medical practitioner. This short and accessible introduction provides an invaluable tool with which to think about the ethical values that lie at the heart of medicine. Tony Hope deals with thorny moral questions, such as euthanasia and the morality of killing, and also explores political questions such as: how should health (...)
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  24. The Mental Simulation Debate: A Progress Report.Tony Stone & Martin Davies - 1996 - In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), Theories of Theories of Mind. Cambridge University Press. pp. 119--137.
    1. Introduction For philosophers, the current phase of the debate with which this volume is concerned can be taken to have begun in 1986, when Jane Heal and Robert Gordon published their seminal papers (Heal, 1986; Gordon, 1986; though see also, for example, Stich, 1981; Dennett, 1981). They raised a dissenting voice against what was becoming a philosophical orthodoxy: that our everyday, or folk, understanding of the mind should be thought of as theoretical. In opposition to this picture, Gordon and (...)
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  25.  14
    Gender Differences in Approaches to Studying for the GCSE Among High‐Achieving Pupils.Lynne Rogers & Sue Hallam - 2006 - Educational Studies 32 (1):59-71.
    This study explores gender differences in approaches to studying for GCSE among high?achieving pupils. The sample comprised 310 Year 10 and 11 pupils from two single?sex schools. Pupils completed a self?reported questionnaire designed to assess approaches to studying for GCSE, including statements relating to coursework, examinations, research, study strategies and homework. Boys gained a higher score overall in the questionnaire, indicating a more effective approach to studying for GCSE. Gender differences were found in approaches to examinations and study but not (...)
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  26.  55
    Aristotle on Time: A Study of the Physics.Tony Roark - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Preface; Introduction; Part I. Times New and Old: 1. McTaggart's systems; 2. Countenancing the Doxai; Part II. The Mater of Time: Motion: 3. Time is not motion; 4. Aristotelian motion (Kinesis); 5. 'The before and after in motion'; Part III. The Form of Time: Perception: 6. Number (Arithmos) and perception (Aisthesis); 7. On a moment's notice; 8. The role of imagination; 9. Time and the common perceptibles; 10. The hylomorphic interpretation illustrated; Part IV. Simultaneity and Temporal (...)
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  27.  33
    Comparing Conceptions of Social Ontology: Emergent Social Entities and/or Institutional Facts?Tony Lawson - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (4):359-399.
  28.  91
    Gratitude and Appreciation.Tony Manela - 2016 - American Philosophical Quarterly 53 (3):281-294.
    This article argues that "gratitude to" and "gratitude that" are fundamentally different concepts. The former (prepositional gratitude) is properly a response to benevolent attitudes, and entails special concern on the part of the beneficiary for a benefactor, while the latter (propositional gratitude) is a response to beneficial states of affairs, and entails no special concern for anyone. Propositional gratitude, it is argued, ultimately amounts to a species of appreciation. The tendency to see prepositional gratitude and propositional “gratitude” as two species (...)
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  29.  27
    Feedback Contributions to Visual Awareness in Human Occipital Cortex.Tony Ro, Bruno Breitmeyer, Philip Burton, Neel S. Singhal & David Lane - 2003 - Current Biology 13 (12):1038-1041.
  30.  6
    Realism or Idealism? Corporate Social Responsibility and the Employee Stakeholder in the Global Fast-Food Industry.Tony Royle - 2005 - Business Ethics: A European Review 14 (1):42-55.
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  31.  8
    Biased Attention and Dysphoria: Manipulating Selective Attention Reduces Subsequent Depressive Symptoms.Tony T. Wells & Christopher G. Beevers - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (4):719-728.
  32. Negative Feelings of Gratitude.Tony Manela - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (1):129-140.
    Philosophers generally agree that gratitude, the called-for response to benevolence, includes positive feelings. In this paper, I argue against this view. The grateful beneficiary will have certain feelings, but in some contexts, those feelings will be profoundly negative. Philosophers overlook this fact because they tend to consider only cases of gratitude in which the benefactor’s sacrifice is minimal, and in which the benefactor fares well after performing an act of benevolence. When we consider cases in which a benefactor suffers severely, (...)
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  33. The Virtue of Gratitude and Its Associated Vices.Tony Manela - forthcoming - The Moral Psychology of Gratitude.
    Gratitude, the proper or fitting response to benevolence, has often been conceptualized as a virtue—a temporally stable disposition to perceive, think, feel, and act in certain characteristic ways in certain situations. Many accounts of gratitude as a virtue, however, have not analyzed this disposition accurately, and as a result, they have not revealed the rich variety of ways in which someone can fail to be a grateful person. In this paper, I articulate an account of the virtue of gratitude, and (...)
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  34. Making Law Bind: Essays Legal and Philosophical.Tony Honoré - 1987 - Oxford University Press.
    Expressing views not easily placed within any one school of opinion, this collection of the papers of Tony Honore reflects the author's contribution, as both critic and participant in debate, to the study of legal philosophy over the last twenty-five years. His wide-ranging essays cover such topics as motivation to conform to the law, norms and obligations, and rights and justice, and conclude with an essay supporting the use of law to encourage or reinforce morality.
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  35.  51
    Gratitude to Nature.Tony Manela - 2018 - Environmental Values 27 (6):623-644.
    In this article, I consider the claim that we ought to be grateful to nature and argue that this claim is unjustified. I proceed by arguing against the two most plausible lines of reasoning for the claim that we ought to be grateful to nature: 1) that nature is a fitting or appropriate object of our gratitude, and 2) that we ought to be grateful to nature insofar as gratitude to nature enhances, preserves or indicates in us the virtue of (...)
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  36.  87
    Anorexia Nervosa and the Language of Authenticity.Tony Hope, Jacinta Tan, Anne Stewart & Ray Fitzpatrick - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (6):19-29.
    It feels like there’s two of you inside—like there’s another half of you, which is my anorexia, and then there’s the real K [own name], the real me, the logic part of me, and it’s a constant battle between the two. The anorexia almost does become part of you, and so in order to get it out of you I think you do have to kind of hurt you in the process. I think it’s almost inevitable. We came to the (...)
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  37.  57
    Worlds and Modality.Tony Roy - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (3):335-361.
  38. Arabic and Islamic Philosophy of Language and Logic.Tony Street - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  39.  17
    Arabic Logic.Tony Street - 2004 - In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 1--523.
  40. Humanism.Tony Davies - 2008 - Routledge.
    Humanism offers students a clear and lucid introductory guide to the complexities of Humanism, one of the most contentious and divisive of artistic or literary concepts. Showing how the concept has evolved since the Renaissance period, Davies discusses humanism in the context of the rise of Fascism, the onset of World War II, the Holocaust, and their aftermath. Humanism provides basic definitions and concepts, a critique of the religion of humanity, and necessary background on religious, sexual and political themes of (...)
     
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  41. In Defense of Linguistic Ersatzism.Tony Roy - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 80 (3):217 - 242.
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  42. Folk Psychology and Mental Simulation.Tony Stone & Martin Davies - 1998 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:53-82.
    This paper is about the contemporary debate concerning folk psychology – the debate between the proponents of the theory theory of folk psychology and the friends of the simulation alternative.1 At the outset, we need to ask: What should we mean by this term ‘folk psychology’?
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  43.  32
    Successful Emotion Regulation Requires Both Conviction and Skill: Beliefs About the Controllability of Emotions, Reappraisal, and Regulation Success.Tony Gutentag, Eran Halperin, Roni Porat, Yochanan E. Bigman & Maya Tamir - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (6):1225-1233.
    To succeed in self-regulation, people need to believe that it is possible to change behaviour and they also need to use effective means to enable such a change. We propose that this also applies to emotion regulation. In two studies, we found that people were most successful in emotion regulation, the more they believed emotions can be controlled and the more they used an effective emotion regulation strategy – namely, cognitive reappraisal. Cognitive reappraisal moderated the link between beliefs about the (...)
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  44.  32
    Some Critical Issues in Social Ontology: Reply to John Searle.Tony Lawson - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (4):426-437.
  45. Critical Realism: Essential Readings.Tony Lawson & Alan Norrie - 1998 - In Margaret Scotford Archer (ed.), Critical Realism: Essential Readings. Routledge.
     
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  46.  47
    Physicians' Duties and the Non-Identity Problem.Tony Hope & John McMillan - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):21 - 29.
    The non-identity problem arises when an intervention or behavior changes the identity of those affected. Delaying pregnancy is an example of such a behavior. The problem is whether and in what ways such changes in identity affect moral considerations. While a great deal has been written about the non-identity problem, relatively little has been written about the implications for physicians and how they should understand their duties. We argue that the non-identity problem can make a crucial moral difference in some (...)
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  47.  72
    An Inquiry Into the Principles of Needs-Based Allocation of Health Care.Tony Hope, Lars Peter Østerdal & Andreas Hasman - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (9):470-480.
    The concept of need is often proposed as providing an additional or alternative criterion to cost-effectiveness in making allocation decisions in health care. If it is to be of practical value it must be sufficiently precisely characterized to be useful to decision makers. This will require both an account of how degree of need for an intervention is to be determined and a prioritization rule that clarifies how degree of need and the cost of the intervention interact in determining the (...)
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  48. Virtual Selves, Real Persons: A Dialogue Across Disciplines.Richard S. Hallam - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    How do we know and understand who we really are as human beings? The concept of 'the self' is central to many strands of psychology and philosophy. This book tackles the problem of how to define persons and selves and discusses the ways in which different disciplines, such as biology, sociology and philosophy, have dealt with this topic. Richard S. Hallam examines the notion that the idea of the self as some sort of entity is a human construction and, (...)
     
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  49.  9
    Hallam Stevens, Biotechnology and Society: An Introduction. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2016. Pp. 397. ISBN 978-0-226-04601-3. £21.00/$30.00. [REVIEW]Peter Reed - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Science 51 (1):172-173.
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  50.  3
    Anthony Hallam, Great Geological Controversies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983. Pp. Vii + 182. ISBN 0-19-854431-6 . £15. ISBN 0-19-854430-8 . £7.95. [REVIEW]N. A. Rupke - 1985 - British Journal for the History of Science 18 (3):352-353.
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