105 found
Order:
  1. Jonathan Wolff (1998). Fairness, Respect, and the Egalitarian Ethos. Philosophy and Public Affairs 27 (2):97–122.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   35 citations  
  2. Jonathan Wolff (2011). Ethics and Public Policy: A Philosophical Inquiry. Routledge.
    Train crashes cause, on average, a handful of deaths each year in the UK. Technologies exist that would save the lives of some of those who die. Yet these technical innovations would cost hundreds of millions of pounds. Should we spend the money? How can we decide how to trade off life against financial cost? Such dilemmas make public policy is a battlefield of values, yet all too often we let technical experts decide the issues for us. Can philosophy help (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  3. Jonathan Wolff (1987). Erratum: Barnett, Bargaining and the Nash Solution. Noûs 21 (1):111.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Jonathan Wolff (2010). Fairness, Respect and the Egalitarian Ethos Revisited. Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):335-350.
    This paper reconsiders some themes and arguments from my earlier paper “Fairness, Respect and the Egalitarian Ethos.” That work is often considered to be part of a cluster of papers attacking “luck egalitarianism” on the grounds that insisting on luck egalitarianism's standards of fairness undermines relations of mutual respect among citizens. While this is an accurate reading, the earlier paper did not make its motivations clear, and the current paper attempts to explain the reasons that led me to write the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  5. Jonathan Wolff (2007). Equality: The Recent History of an Idea. Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (1):125-136.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  6. Jonathan Wolff (2006). An Introduction to Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    The revised edition of this highly successful text provides a clear and accessible introduction to some of the most important questions of political philosophy. Organized around major issues, Wolff provides the structure that beginners need, while also introducing some distinctive ideas of his own.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  7. Jonathan Wolff (2009). Disability Among Equals. In Kimberley Brownlee & Adam Cureton (eds.), Disability and Disadvantage. OUP Oxford
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  8.  68
    Jonathan Wolff (2009). Disability, Status Enhancement, Personal Enhancement and Resource Allocation. Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):49-68.
    It often appears that the most appropriate form of addressing disadvantage related to disability is through policies that can be called “status enhancements”: changes to the social, cultural and material environment so that the difficulties experienced by those with impairments are reduced, even eradicated. However, status enhancements can also have their limitations. This paper compares the relative merits of policies of status enhancement and “personal enhancement”: changes to the disabled person. It then takes up the question of how to assess (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  9.  8
    Jonathan Wolff (2015). Paying People to Act in Their Own Interests: Incentives Versus Rationalization in Public Health. Public Health Ethics 8 (1):27-30.
    A number of schemes have been attempted, both in public health and more generally within social programmes, to pay individuals to behave in ways that are presumed to be good for them or to have other beneficial effects. Such schemes are normally regarded as providing a financial incentive for individuals in order to outweigh contrary motivation. Such schemes have been attacked on the basis that they can ‘crowd out’ intrinsic motivation, as well as on the grounds that they are in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  10. Jonathan Wolff (2011). Ethics and Public Policy: A Philosophical Inquiry. Routledge.
    Train crashes cause, on average, a handful of deaths each year in the UK. Technologies exist that would save the lives of some of those who die. Yet these technical innovations would cost hundreds of millions of pounds. Should we spend the money? How can we decide how to trade off life against financial cost? Such dilemmas make public policy is a battlefield of values, yet all too often we let technical experts decide the issues for us. Can philosophy help (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  11.  47
    Jonathan Wolff (2006). Risk, Fear, Blame, Shame and the Regulation of Public Safety. Economics and Philosophy 22 (3):409-427.
    The question of when people may impose risks on each other is of fundamental moral importance. Forms of “quantified risk assessment,” especially risk cost-benefit analysis, provide one powerful approach to providing a systematic answer. It is also well known that such techniques can show that existing resources could be used more effectively to reduce risk overall. Thus it is often argued that some current practices are irrational. On the other hand critics of quantified risk assessment argue that it cannot adequately (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  12.  91
    Jonathan Wolff (2013). Scanlon on Social and Material Inequality. Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (4):406-425.
  13.  37
    Jonathan Wolff (2009). Disadvantage, Risk and the Social Determinants of Health. Public Health Ethics 2 (3):214-223.
    The paper describes a project in which the thesis of the social determinants of health is used in order to help identify groups that will be among the least advantaged members of society, when disadvantage is understood in terms of lack of genuine opportunity for secure functioning. The analysis is derived from the author's work with Avner de-Shalit in Disadvantage (Oxford University Press, 2007).
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  14.  83
    Madeleine Hayenhjelm & Jonathan Wolff (2012). The Moral Problem of Risk Impositions: A Survey of the Literature. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (S1):E1-E142.
    This paper surveys the current philosophical discussion of the ethics of risk imposition, placing it in the context of relevant work in psychology, economics and social theory. The central philosophical problem starts from the observation that it is not practically possible to assign people individual rights not to be exposed to risk, as virtually all activity imposes some risk on others. This is the ‘problem of paralysis’. However, the obvious alternative theory that exposure to risk is justified when its total (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  15.  31
    Jonathan Wolff (2007). What is the Value of Preventing a Fatality? In Tim Lewens (ed.), Risk: Philosophical Perspectives. Routledge
    in Risk: Philosophical Perspectives ed Tim Lewens, Routledge.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  16. Hillel Steiner & Jonathan Wolff (2003). A General Framework for Resolving Disputed Land Claims. Analysis 63 (3):188–189.
    No categories
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  17.  88
    Jonathan Wolff (1995). Political Obligation, Fairness, and Independence. Ratio 8 (1):87-99.
    In the first section the problem of political obligation is motivated, and in Section 2 the core structure of the problem is laid bare. A recognition ofthis structure prompts reflection that the problem will appear very different to different thinkers, depending on their moral theories. It also invites the speculation that the problem will be incapable of solution on some moral theories while trivial on others. This polarity does reflect the state of much of the literature until fairly (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  18.  46
    Jonathan Wolff (2012). The Demands of the Human Right to Health. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):217-237.
    The human right to health has been established in international law since 1976. However, philosophers have often regarded human rights doctrine as a marginal contribution to political philosophy, or have attempted to distinguish ‘human rights proper’ from ‘aspirations’, with the human right to health often considered as falling into the latter category. Here the human right to health is defended as an attractive approach to global health, and responses are offered to a series of criticisms concerning its demandingness.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  19. Jonathan Wolff (1999). Marx and Exploitation. Journal of Ethics 3 (2):105--120.
    The discussion of the adequacy of Karl Marx''s definition of exploitation has paid insufficient attention to a prior question: what is a definition? Once we understand Marx as offering a reference-fixing definition in a model we will realise that it is resistant to certain objections. A more general analysis of exploitation is offered here and it is suggested that Marx''s own definition is a particular instance of the general analysis which makes a number of controversial moral assumptions.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  20. Jonathan Wolff (1998). Mill, Indecency and the Liberty Principle. Utilitas 10 (1):1-16.
    In this paper I want to do two things. One concerns Mill’s attitude to public indecency. In On Liberty Mill expresses the conventional view that certain actions, if conducted in public, are an affront to good manners, and can properly be prohibited. I want to come to an understanding of Mill’s position so that it allows him to defend this part of conventional morality, but does not disrupt certain of his liberal convictions: principally the conviction that what consenting adults do (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  21.  17
    Jonathan Wolff (2015). Political Philosophy and the Real World of the Welfare State. Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (4):360-372.
    What contribution can political philosophers make to policy questions, such as the best configuration of the welfare state? On one view, political philosophers set out abstract theories of justice that can guide policy makers in their attempt to transform existing institutions. Yet it rarely seems the case that such a model is used in practice, and it therefore becomes unclear how political philosophy can contribute to policy debates. Following a suggestion from Margaret MacDonald, I consider the view that political philosophers (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  31
    Jonathan Wolff (2002). Addressing Disadvantage and the Human Good. Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (3):207–218.
    This paper sets out a framework in which we can distinguish between four types of redistributive attention to the disadvantaged: compensation; personal enhancement; targeted resource enhancement; and status enhancement. It is argued that in certain cases many of us will have strong intuitions in favour or against one or more strategies for addressing disadvantage, and it is further argued that in such cases it is likely that our reactions are based on assumptions about the human good. Hence the two issues (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  23.  10
    Dudley Knowles & Jonathan Wolff (1993). Robert Nozick: Property, Justice and the Minimal State. Philosophical Quarterly 43 (173):566.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  24.  25
    Jonathan Wolff (1995). Pluralistic Models of Political Obligation. Philosophica 56 (2):7-27.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  25.  27
    Jonathan Wolff, Sarah Edwards, Sarah Richmond, O. R. R. Shepley & Geraint Rees (2012). Evaluating Interventions in Health: A Reconciliatory Approach. Bioethics 26 (9):455-463.
    Health-related Quality of Life measures have recently been attacked from two directions, both of which criticize the preference-based method of evaluating health states they typically incorporate. One attack, based on work by Daniel Kahneman and others, argues that ‘experience’ is a better basis for evaluation. The other, inspired by Amartya Sen, argues that ‘capability’ should be the guiding concept. In addition, opinion differs as to whether health evaluation measures are best derived from consultations with the general public, with patients, or (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  26.  19
    Jonathan Wolff (2007). Success and Stupor. The Philosophers' Magazine 39 (39):35-39.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  45
    Jonathan Wolff (1997). Freedom, Liberty, and Property. Critical Review 11 (3):345-357.
    If one values freedom, what sort of regime of property should one favor: libertarianism, socialism, or something else again? Debate on this topic has been hampered by a failure to distinguish freedom and liberty, which are both of great value, but can come into conflict. Furthermore there are many similar concepts?distinct from both liberty and freedom, yet each representing something we rightly value?which may also come into conflict with each other and with freedom and liberty. Consequently the question posed above (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  28. Jonathan Wolff, The Ethics of Competition.
    Exchange is one thing, economic competition another. Exchange is possible without competition; and economic competition (of sorts) is possible without exchange. Put exchange and competition together and, roughly, you get the free market. There are many philosophical discussions of the free market; a sizeable number about free exchange; but - - aside from in the context of consequentialist defences of the market - - who this century has had much to say about economic competition?
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  4
    Jonathan Wolff, Sarah Edwards, Sarah Richmond, Shepley Orr & Geraint Rees (2012). Evaluating Interventions in Health: A Reconciliatory Approach. Bioethics 26 (9):455-463.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  30. Jonathan Wolff (1998). Fairness, Respect, and the Egalitarian Ethos. Philosophy and Public Affairs 27 (2):97-122.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  31.  10
    Jonathan Wolff (2000). Political Obligation: A Pluralistic Approach. In Maria Baghramian & Attracta Ingram (eds.), Pluralism: The Philosophy and Politics of Diversity. Routledge 179--96.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  32.  43
    Jonathan Wolff (2009). Cognitive Disability in a Society of Equals. Metaphilosophy 40 (3-4):402-415.
    This paper considers the range of possible policy options that are available if we wish to attempt to treat people with cognitive disabilities as equal members of society. It is suggested that the goal of policy should be allow each disabled person to establish a worthwhile place in the world and sets out four policy options: cash compensation, personal enhancement, status enhancement and targeted resource enhancement. The paper argues for the social policy of targeted resource enhancement for individuals with cognitive (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  33.  35
    Jonathan Wolff (2002). Why Read Marx Today? Oxford University Press.
    The fall of the Berlin Wall had enormous symbolic resonance, marking the collapse of Marxist politics and economics. Indeed, Marxist regimes have failed miserably, and with them, it seems, all reason to take the writings of Karl Marx seriously. Jonathan Wolff argues that if we detach Marx the critic of current society from Marx the prophet of some never-to-be-realized worker's paradise, he remains the most impressive critic we have of liberal, capitalist, bourgeois society. The author shows how Marx's main ideas (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  34.  60
    Jonathan Wolff (2006). Making the World Safe for Utilitarianism. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 81 (58):1-.
    Utilitarianism has a curious history. Its most celebrated founders – Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill – were radical progressives, straddling the worlds of academic philosophy, political science, economic theory and practical affairs. They made innumerable recommendations for legal, social, political and economic reform, often (especially in Bentham’s case) described in fine detail. Some of these recommendations were followed, sooner or later, and many of their radical ideas have become close to articles of faith of western liberalism. Furthermore many of (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  35.  46
    Jonathan Wolff (1993). Hume, Bentham, and the Social Contract. Utilitas 5 (1):87-.
    Hume famously argues that Social Contract theory collapses into a form of utilitarianism. Bentham endorses Hume's argument. I show that, if Hume's argument refutes Social Contract theory, it equally undermines Bentham's own utilitarian account of political obligation. This discussion is used to illustrate a more general thesis that there is no single problem of political obligation, but different problems for different theorists.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  36.  99
    Jonathan Wolff (2009). Rational, Fair, and Reasonable. Utilitas 8 (3):263.
    There can be no doubt that Brian Barry has made an enormous contribution to the clarification of the ideas of justice current in contemporary political thought. In Barry’s Justice as Impartiality he explicitly distinguishes and sets in competition three models of justice: justice as mutual advantage; justice as reciprocity; and justice as impartiality, and he argues that we should prefer the last of these. What I want to do here is to consider four questions. First, what is this competition a (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  76
    Jonathan Wolff & Hillel Steiner (2006). Disputed Land Claims: A Response to Weatherson and to Bou-Habib and Olsaretti. Analysis 66 (3):248 - 255.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  60
    Jonathan Wolff (1992). Not Bargaining for the Welfare State. Analysis 52 (2):118 - 125.
  39.  72
    Jonathan Wolff, Models of Distributive Justice.
    Philosophical disagreement about justice ranges over at least two questions. The most immediate is a substantial question, concerning the conditions under which particular distributive arrangements can be said to be just or unjust. The second, deeper, question concerns the nature of justice itself. What is justice? Here we can distinguish three views. First, justice as mutual advantage sees justice as essentially a matter of the outcome of a bargain. There are times when two parties can both be better off by (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. Jonathan Wolff (2003). The Dilemma of Desert. In Serena Olsaretti (ed.), Desert and Justice. Clarendon Press
  41.  8
    Jonathan Wolff (2002). Are We Good Enough for Democracy? Think 1 (2):29.
    Is democracy a good thing? Most of us think so. And yet, as Jonathan Wolff here explains, Plato thought democracy was a very bad idea. If you favour democracy , then your challenge is to explain what, if anything, is wrong with Plato's argument. So can you?
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  78
    Hillel Steiner & Jonathan Wolff (2006). Disputed Land Claims: A Response to Weatherson and to Bou-Habib and Olsaretti. Analysis 66 (291):248–255.
    In a paper published in this journal we proposed a method for resolving disputed land claims between two parties (Steiner and Wolff: 2003). In essence the proposal is to hold an auction between the disputants in which the land is given to the higher bidder, but the receipts of the auction to the under-bidder. We claimed that under such circumstances both parties can walk away happy: the higher bidder happy to pay the price bid for the land; the under-bidder happier (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  50
    Jonathan Wolff (1992). Playthings of Alien Forces. Cogito 6 (1):35-41.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Jonathan Wolff, Libertarianism, Utility and Economic Competition.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  45.  33
    Jonathan Wolff (1990). What Is the Problem of Political Obligation? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91:153 - 169.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  46.  29
    Jonathan Wolff (1994). Democratic Voting and the Mixed-Motivation Problem. Analysis 54 (4):193 - 196.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  47.  70
    Jonathan Wolff, Philosophical Argument and Public Policy.
    The regulation of drugs presents a challenge for liberalism: how can punishing a person for an action that harms only himself or herself be justified? For public policy a related difficulty is to justify the differential treatment of drugs and alcohol. Philosophical arguments suggest that current regulations are unjustified, and that some currently illegal drugs should be treated no more harshly than alcohol. However, such arguments make little or no impact in public policy discussions. This generates a further problem: to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  47
    Jonathan Wolff (2009). Global Justice and Norms of Co-Operation: The 'Layers of Justice' View. In Stephen De Wijze, Matthew H. Kramer & Ian Carter (eds.), Hillel Steiner and the Anatomy of Justice: Themes and Challenges. Routledge 16--34.
    Theorists of global justice confront an apparent dilemma. If citizens in the developed world have duties of (socio-economic) justice to those elsewhere on the globe, then it is supposed that the duties must be very extensive indeed, requiring the same concern to be shown for everyone on earth. Those who deny that global obligations are as extensive as domestic obligations seem therefore to have to concede that any obligations beyond borders must be based on charity, rather than justice. The assumption (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  14
    Jonathan Wolff (2012). The World Gets in the Way. The Philosophers' Magazine 58:32-39.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  8
    Jonathan Wolff (2004). Training, Perfectionism and Fairness. Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (3):285-295.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 105