Search results for 'Sharon Jacobs' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Paul Bailin, Elizabeth Gerber & Sharon Jacobs (2008). Recent Developments in Health Law. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):425-434.score: 240.0
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  2. J. J. Jacobs (1994). Joseph J. Jacobs on Alternative Medicine and the National Institutes of Health. Interview by Thomasine Kushner and Charles MacKay. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: Cq: The International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees 3 (3):442.score: 120.0
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  3. Konrad Jacobs (1981). Lavelles Philosophische Selbstbezeugung (Eingeleitet von Karl Albert - Übersetzt von Konrad Jacobs). Perspektiven der Philosophie 7:245-262.score: 120.0
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  4. Eugene Ionesco & Gabriel Jacobs (1975). Ionesco and the Critics: Eugene Ionesco Interviewed by Gabriel Jacobs. Critical Inquiry 1 (3):641.score: 120.0
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  5. Martha Jacobs (2009). Martha Jacobs Replies. Hastings Center Report 39 (4):5-5.score: 120.0
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  6. David H. Jacobs (2010). The Make-Believe World of Antidepressant Randomized Controlled Trials—An Afterword to Cohen and Jacobs (2010). Journal of Mind and Behavior 31 (1):23.score: 120.0
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  7. Amber Jacobs (2007). The Potential of Theory: Melanie Klein, Luce Irigaray, and the Mother-Daughter Relationship. Hypatia 22 (3):175-193.score: 60.0
    : Through a close reading of Klein and Irigaray's work on the mother-daughter relationship via the Electra myth, Jacobs diagnoses what she considers a fundamental problem in psychoanalytic and feminist psychoanalytic theory. She shows that neither thinker is able to theorize the mother-daughter relationship on a structural level but is only able to describe its symptoms. Jacobs makes a crucial distinction between description and theory and argues that the need to go beyond description and phenomenology toward the creation (...)
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  8. Jonathan A. Jacobs (2001). Choosing Character: Responsibility for Virtue and Vice. Cornell University Press.score: 60.0
    Jacobs' interpretation is developed in contrast to the overlooked work of Maimonides, who also used Aristotelian resources but argued for the possibility of ...
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  9. Jonathan A. Jacobs (2010). Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: [Saadia Gaon, Bahya Ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides]. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Jon Jacobs emphasises their distinctive contributions, emphasises the shared rational emphasis of their approach to Torah, and draws out resonances with ...
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  10. P. van Haperen, B. Gremmen & J. Jacobs (2012). Reconstruction of the Ethical Debate on Naturalness in Discussions About Plant-Biotechnology. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (6):797-812.score: 60.0
    Abstract This paper argues that in modern (agro)biotechnology, (un)naturalness as an argument contributed to a stalemate in public debate about innovative technologies. Naturalness in this is often placed opposite to human disruption. It also often serves as a label that shapes moral acceptance or rejection of agricultural innovative technologies. The cause of this lies in the use of nature as a closed, static reference to naturalness, while in fact “nature” is an open and dynamic concept with many different meanings. We (...)
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  11. Jonathan Jacobs (2002). A Contest of Wills. [REVIEW] Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 3 (2):329 - 337.score: 60.0
    Jonathan Jacobs reviews The Contested Legacy of Ayn Rand, in which David Kelley responds to Objectivists who refuse to dialogue with libertarians, and examines the debate among Objectivists over the interpretation of Rand's thinking. Kelley argues that Rand presents crucial insights and claims and that these need to be developed and elaborated and not viewed as a fixed doctrine. Jacobs focuses on where Kelley situates himself among Objectivists, and raises critical concerns about the effectiveness with which Rand's philosophy (...)
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  12. Jonathan Jacobs (2010). Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Saadia Gaon, Bahya Ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides. OUP Oxford.score: 60.0
    The medieval Jewish philosophers Saadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides made significant contributions to moral philosophy in ways that remain relevant today. -/- Jonathan Jacobs explicates shared, general features of the thought of these thinkers and also highlights their distinctive contributions to understanding moral thought and moral life. The rationalism of these thinkers is a key to their views. They argued that seeking rational understanding of Torah>'s commandments and the created order is crucial to fulfilling the covenant (...)
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  13. Lesley A. Jacobs (1993). Rights and Deprivation. Clarendon Press.score: 60.0
    In this book Lesley Jacobs challenges the view, now prevalent in North America and Western Europe, that the primary function of a nation's social policy should be to provide support only for the poorest people instead of social services accessible to all its citizens. -/- In an interesting and distinctive argument he develops and defends the idea that access to basic rights such as education, health care, adequate housing, and income support can provide a solid moral foundation for redistributive (...)
     
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  14. Locals Jacobs (1974). Jacob Neusner, Editor. Understanding Rabbinic Judaism. From Talmudic to Modern Times. Pp. 422. (Ktav Publishing House, New York, 1974.) $5.95. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 10 (4):502.score: 40.0
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  15. Jonathan D. Jacobs (2010). A Powers Theory of Modality: Or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Reject Possible Worlds. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 151 (2):227-248.score: 30.0
    Possible worlds, concrete or abstract as you like, are irrelevant to the truthmakers for modality—or so I shall argue in this paper. First, I present the neo-Humean picture of modality, and explain why those who accept it deny a common sense view of modality. Second, I present what I take to be the most pressing objection to the neo-Humean account, one that, I argue, applies equally well to any theory that grounds modality in possible worlds. Third, I present an alternative, (...)
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  16. Jonathan D. Jacobs (2007). Causal Powers: A Neo-Aristotelian Metaphysic. Dissertation, Indiana Universityscore: 30.0
    Causal powers, say, an electron’s power to repel other electrons, are had in virtue of having properties. Electrons repel other electrons because they are negatively charged. One’s views about causal powers are shaped by—and shape—one’s views concerning properties, causation, laws of nature and modality. It is no surprise, then, that views about the nature of causal powers are generally embedded into larger, more systematic, metaphysical pictures of the world. This dissertation is an exploration of three systematic metaphysics, Neo-Humeanism, Nomicism and (...)
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  17. Timothy O'Connor & Jonathan D. Jacobs (2003). Emergent Individuals. Philosophical Quarterly 53 (213):540-555.score: 30.0
    We explain the thesis that human mental states are ontologically emergent aspects of a fundamentally biological organism. We then explore the consequences of this thesis for the identity of a human person over time. As these consequences are not obviously independent of one's general ontology of objects and their properties, we consider four such accounts: transcendent universals, kind-Aristotelianism, immanent universals, and tropes. We suggest there are reasons for emergentists to favor the latter two accounts. We then argue that within such (...)
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  18. Assaf Sharon & Levi Spectre (2010). Dogmatism Repuzzled. Philosophical Studies 148 (2):307 - 321.score: 30.0
    Harman and Lewis credit Kripke with having formulated a puzzle that seems to show that knowledge entails dogmatism. The puzzle is widely regarded as having been solved. In this paper we argue that this standard solution, in its various versions, addresses only a limited aspect of the puzzle and holds no promise of fully resolving it. Analyzing this failure and the proper rendering of the puzzle, it is suggested that it poses a significant challenge for the defense of epistemic closure.
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  19. Jonathan D. Jacobs, A Powers Theory of Causation.score: 30.0
    In this paper, my central aim is to defend the Powers Theory of causation, according to which causation is the exercise of a power (or manifestation of a disposition). I will do so by, first, presenting a recent version of the Powers Theory, that of Mumford (Forthcoming). Second, I will raise an objection to Mumford’s account. Third, I will offer a revised version that avoids the objection. And, fourth, I will end by briefly comparing the proposed Powers Theory with the (...)
     
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  20. Annie L. Booth & Harvey L. Jacobs (1990). Ties That Bind: Native American Beliefs as a Foundation for Environmental Consciousness. Environmental Ethics 12 (1):27-43.score: 30.0
    In this article we examine the specific contributions Native American thought can make to the ongoing search for a Western ecological consciousness. We begin with a review of the influence of Native American beliefs on the different branches of the modem environmental movement and some initial comparisons of Western and Native American ways of seeing. We then review Native American thought on the natural world, highlighting beliefs in the need for reciprocity and balance, the world as a living being, and (...)
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  21. Assaf Sharon & Levi Spectre (2008). Mr. Magoo's Mistake. Philosophical Studies 139 (2):289 - 306.score: 30.0
    Timothy Williamson has famously argued that the (KK) principle (roughly, that if one knows that p, then one knows that one knows that p) should be rejected. We analyze Williamson’s argument and show that its key premise is ambiguous, and that when it is properly stated this premise no longer supports the argument against (KK). After canvassing possible objections to our argument, we reflect upon some conclusions that suggest significant epistemological ramifications pertaining to the acquisition of knowledge from prior knowledge (...)
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  22. Struan Jacobs & Brian Mooney (1997). Sociology as a Source of Anomaly in Thomas Kuhn's System of Science. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 27 (4):466-485.score: 30.0
    It is a testimony to the enduring importance of Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions that, 30 years on, its doctrines of normal science and paradigm, incommensurability and revolution continue to challenge metascien tists and stimulate vigorous debate. Critique has mainly come from philosophers and historians; by and large, interested sociologists have embraced Kuhn. Un justifiably so, this article argues, bringing to light a serious difficulty or "anom aly" in his account of the social side of science. Contrary to (...)
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  23. Joseph Jacobs (1887). Experiments on "Prehension". Mind 12 (45):75-79.score: 30.0
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  24. Greg E. Loviscky, Linda K. Treviño & Rick R. Jacobs (2007). Assessing Managers' Ethical Decision-Making: An Objective Measure of Managerial Moral Judgment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 73 (3):263 - 285.score: 30.0
    Recent allegations of unethical decision-making by leaders in prominent business organizations have jeopardized the world’s confidence in American business. The purpose of this research was to develop a measure of managerial moral judgment that can be used in future research and managerial assessment. The measure was patterned after the Defining Issues Test, a widely used general measure of moral judgment. With content validity as the goal, we aimed to sample the domain of managerial ethical situations by establishing links to dimensions (...)
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  25. Struan Jacobs (2007). Edward Shils' Theory of Tradition. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (2):139-162.score: 30.0
    Edward Shils presented his book Tradition (1981) as the first extensive study of the subject. This article casts light on Shils' multifaceted understanding of tradition, comprising pragmatic, Burkean, veridical, and evolutionist perspectives. His typology of traditions is noted, and his view of institutional bearers of tradition described. In assessing Shils' theory, however, we find that it overreaches, collapsing differences that exist between traditions, transmissions, and the traditional. Key Words: tradition • transmission • rationalization • antitradition • science.
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  26. Jonathan Jacobs (1986). Teleology and Reduction in Biology. Biology and Philosophy 1 (4):389-399.score: 30.0
    The main claim in this paper is that because organisms have teleological constitutions, the reduction of biology to physical science is not possible. It is argued that the teleology of organisms is intrinsic and not merely projected onto them. Many organic phenomena are end-oriented and reference to ends is necessary for explaining them. Accounts in terms of functions or goals are appropriate to organic parts and processes. siis is because ends as systemic requirements for survival and health have explanatory significance (...)
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  27. Hanne Jacobs (2007). Lavigne, Jean-François, Husserl Et la Naissance de la Phénoménologie (1900–1913). Des Recherches Logiques aux Ideen: La Genèse de l'Idéalisme Transcendantal Phénoménologique. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 23 (1):71-82.score: 30.0
  28. Jonathan A. Jacobs (2002). Dimensions of Moral Theory: An Introduction to Metaethics and Moral Psychology. Blackwell Pub..score: 30.0
    This volume formulates these issues of moral epistemology, the metaphysics of moral value, and moral motivation in a clear and rigorous but non-technical manner ...
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  29. Jon Jacobs, Naturalism. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  30. Brian Jacobs & Patrick Kain (eds.) (2003). Essays on Kant's Anthropology. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    Kant's lectures on anthropology capture him at the height of his intellectual power. They are immensely important for advancing our understanding of Kant's conception of anthropology, its development, and the notoriously difficult relationship between it and the critical philosophy. This collection of new essays by some of the leading commentators on Kant offers the first systematic account of the philosophical importance of this material that should nevertheless prove of interest to historians of ideas and political theorists. There are two broad (...)
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  31. Struan Jacobs (1991). John Stuart Mill on Induction and Hypotheses. Journal of the History of Philosophy 29 (1):69-83.score: 30.0
    A study of the development of Mill's thought through successive editions of _A System of Logic. His view of the genesis of most scientific laws, it is argued, progressively shifted from inductivism to hypothetico-deductivism. Mill's analysis of hypotheses and of methods for their assessment is considered in detail. New light is shed on relations between Mill's metascience and that of William Whewell.
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  32. S. Jacobs (2002). Polanyi's Presagement of the Incommensurability Concept. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):101-116.score: 30.0
    Kuhn and Feyerabend have little to say about the thought of Michael Polanyi, and the secondary literature on Polanyi's relation to them is meagre. I argue that Polanyi's view, in Personal knowledge and in other writings, of conceptual frameworks 'segregated' by a 'logical gap' as giving rise to controversies in science foreshadowed Kuhn and Feyerabend's theme of incommensurability. The similarity between the thinkers is, I suggest, no coincidence.
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  33. Adam Jacobs (2010). Letter to the Editor. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (3):287-287.score: 30.0
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  34. Jonathan Jacobs (1997). Plasticity and Perfection: Maimonides and Aristotle on Character. Religious Studies 33 (4):443-454.score: 30.0
    Many of the basic elements of Maimonides' moral psychology are Aristotelian, but there are some important respects in which Maimonides departs from Aristotle. One of those respect concerns the possibility of changing one's character. There is, according to Maimonides, redemptive possibility that Aristotle does not recognize. There is, according to Maimonides, a redemptive possibility that Aristotle does not recognize. This is based on the fact of revealed law. That is, if there is revealed law, then there is guidance for the (...)
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  35. Frans Jacobs (2005). Reasonable Partiality in Professional Ethics: The Moral Division of Labour. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (1-2):141 - 154.score: 30.0
    Attention is given to a background idea that is often invoked in discussions about reasonable partiality: the idea of a moral division of labour. It is not only a right, but also a duty for professionals to attend (almost) exclusively to the interests of their own clients, because their partial activities are part of an impartial scheme providing for an allocation of professional help to all clients. To clarify that idea, a difference is made between two kinds of division of (...)
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  36. Jonathan Jacobs (2008). Deadly Vices - by Gabrielle Taylor. Philosophical Books 49 (2):182-184.score: 30.0
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  37. Jonathan Jacobs (2008). Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed: Science and Salvation (Review). Philosophy East and West 58 (3):pp. 407-410.score: 30.0
  38. Lesley A. Jacobs (1999). Market Socialism and Non-Utopian Marxist Theory. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (4):527-539.score: 30.0
  39. Barry E. Jacobs (1977). On Generalized Computational Complexity. Journal of Symbolic Logic 42 (1):47-58.score: 30.0
  40. Lesley A. Jacobs (1996). The Second Wave of Analytical Marxism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 26 (2):279-292.score: 30.0
  41. Philip J. Jacobs (2008). An Argument Over 'Methodological Naturalism' at the Vatican Observatory. Heythrop Journal 49 (4):542-581.score: 30.0
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  42. Jonathan Jacobs (2008). Divine Command Ethics: Jewish and Christian Perspectives. By Michael J. Harris. Heythrop Journal 49 (3):516–517.score: 30.0
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  43. Struan Jacobs (2001). Limits to Problem Solving in Science. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (3):231 – 242.score: 30.0
    Popper, Polanyi and Duncker represent the widely held position that theoretical and experimental scientific research are motivated by problems to which discoveries are solutions. According to the argument here, their views are unsupported and - in light of counter-instances, anomalous chance discoveries, and the force of curiosity - over-generalized.
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  44. Jonathan Jacobs (2003). Some Tensions Between Autonomy and Self-Governance. Social Philosophy and Policy 20 (2):221-244.score: 30.0
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  45. Bart Jacobs (1989). The Inconsistency of Higher Order Extensions of Martin-Löf's Type Theory. Journal of Philosophical Logic 18 (4):399 - 422.score: 30.0
    Martin-Löf's constructive type theory forms the basis of this paper. His central notions of category and set, and their relations with Russell's type theories, are discussed. It is shown that addition of an axiom - treating the category of propositions as a set and thereby enabling higher order quantification - leads to inconsistency. This theorem is a variant of Girard's paradox, which is a translation into type theory of Mirimanoff's paradox (concerning the set of all well-founded sets). The occurrence of (...)
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  46. Jonathan Jacobs (1985). The Place of Virtue in Happiness. Journal of Value Inquiry 19 (3):171-182.score: 30.0
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  47. Jonathan Jacobs (1999). Luck and Retribution. Philosophy 74 (4):535-555.score: 30.0
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  48. James M. Jacobs (2007). On the Difference Between Social Justice and Christian Charity. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):419-438.score: 30.0
    The notion of justice implies that what is given is owed to the recipient; charity, on the other hand, acknowledges the reality of a free gift that is not owed to the recipient. This difference is obscured in contemporary liberal societies where, because of the absence of transcendent metaphysical commitments, the demandsof social justice replace charity. A Thomistic analysis, however, recognizes a metaphysical order as the basis for justice. This order limits the sphere of justice and so allows for acts (...)
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  49. Jonathan Jacobs (2007). Virtuous Liaisons: Care, Love, Sex, and Virtue Ethics. Social Theory and Practice 33 (2):345-352.score: 30.0
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  50. Desmond Paul Henry, J. P. Day, Antony Flew, H. D. Sluga, Francis Jacobs, D. D. Raphael & Anthony Palmer (1966). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 75 (300):598-615.score: 30.0
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