Results for 'Cecilia Milford'

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  1.  59
    Stakeholder Perspectives on Ethical Challenges in Hiv Vaccine Trials in South Africa.Zaynab Essack, Jennifer Koen, Nicola Barsdorf, Catherine Slack, Michael Quayle, Cecilia Milford, Graham Lindegger, Chitra Ranchod & Richard Mukuka - 2010 - Developing World Bioethics 10 (1):11-21.
    There is little published literature on the ethical concerns of stakeholders in HIV vaccine trials. This study explored the ethical challenges identified by various stakeholders, through an open-ended, in-depth approach. While the few previous studies have been largely quantitative, respondents in this study had the opportunity to spontaneously identify the issues that they perceived to be of priority concern in the South African context. Stakeholders spontaneously identified the following as ethical priorities: informed consent, social harms, collaborative relationships between research stakeholders, (...)
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  2.  19
    Réplica de Cecília L. Allemandi.Cecilia L. Allemandi - 2012 - Dialogos 16 (2).
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  3.  17
    Cécilia Claeys-Mekdade, une sociologue face à l'interdisciplinarité : éloge du doute méthodologique.Cécilia Claeys-Mekdade & Agnès Pivot - 2005 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 13 (2):189-193.
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  4. Where Do Mirror Neurons Come From.Cecilia Heyes - forthcoming - Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.
    1. Properties of mirror neurons in monkeys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (...)
     
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  5.  12
    Positive Effects of Nature on Cognitive Performance Across Multiple Experiments: Test Order but Not Affect Modulates the Cognitive Effects.Cecilia U. D. Stenfors, Stephen C. Van Hedger, Kathryn E. Schertz, Francisco A. C. Meyer, Karen E. L. Smith, Greg J. Norman, Stefan C. Bourrier, James T. Enns, Omid Kardan, John Jonides & Marc G. Berman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  6.  2
    A Feminist Companion to the Posthumanities.Cecilia Åsberg & Rosi Braidotti (eds.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This companion is a cutting-edge primer to critical forms of the posthumanities and the feminist posthumanities, aimed at students and researchers who want to catch up with the recent theoretical developments in various fields in the humanities, such as new media studies, gender studies, cultural studies, science and technology studies, human animal studies, postcolonial critique, philosophy and environmental humanities. It contains a collection of nineteen new and original short chapters introducing influential concepts, ideas and approaches that have shaped and developed (...)
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  7.  4
    Framed Before We Know It: How Gender Shapes Social Relations.Cecilia L. Ridgeway - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (2):145-160.
    In this article, I argue that gender is a primary cultural frame for coordinating behavior and organizing social relations. I describe the implications for understanding how gender shapes social behavior and organizational structures. By my analysis, gender typically acts as a background identity that biases, in gendered directions, the performance of behaviors undertaken in the name of organizational roles and identities. I develop an account of how the background effects of the gender frame on behavior vary by the context that (...)
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  8.  77
    Précis of Cognitive Gadgets: The Cultural Evolution of Thinking.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42:1-57.
    Cognitive gadgets are distinctively human cognitive mechanisms – such as imitation, mind reading, and language – that have been shaped by cultural rather than genetic evolution. New gadgets emerge, not by genetic mutation, but by innovations in cognitive development; they are specialised cognitive mechanisms built by general cognitive mechanisms using information from the sociocultural environment. Innovations are passed on to subsequent generations, not by DNA replication, but through social learning: People with new cognitive mechanisms pass them on to others through (...)
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  9.  10
    Resource and Needs of Research Ethics Committees in Africa: Preparations for HIV Vaccine Trials.C. Milford, D. Wassenaar & C. Slack - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 28 (2):1-9.
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  10.  50
    Who Knows? Metacognitive Social Learning Strategies.Cecilia Heyes - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (3):204-213.
  11.  13
    Ambulance Nurses’ Experiences of Patient Relationships in Urgent and Emergency Situations: A Qualitative Exploration.Cecilia Svensson, Anders Bremer & Mats Holmberg - 2019 - Clinical Ethics 14 (2):70-79.
    Background The ambulance service provides emergency care to meet the patient’s medical and nursing needs. Based on professional nursing values, this should be done within a caring relationship with a holistic approach as the opposite would risk suffering related to disengagement from the patient’s emotional and existential needs. However, knowledge is sparse on how ambulance personnel can meet caring needs and avoid suffering, particularly in conjunction with urgent and emergency situations. Aim The aim of the study was to explore ambulance (...)
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  12.  8
    Optimism and Hope in Chronic Disease: A Systematic Review.Cecilia C. Schiavon, Eduarda Marchetti, Léia G. Gurgel, Fernanda M. Busnello & Caroline T. Reppold - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  13.  82
    The Intentionality of Animal Action.Cecilia Heyes & Anthony Dickinson - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (1):87–103.
  14.  24
    Ethics Case Reflection Sessions: Enablers and Barriers.Cecilia Bartholdson, Bert Molewijk, Kim Lützén, Klas Blomgren & Pernilla Pergert - 2018 - Nursing Ethics 25 (2):199-211.
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  15.  30
    Knowing Ourselves Together: The Cultural Origins of Metacognition.Cecilia Heyes, Dan Bang, Nicholas Shea, Christopher D. Frith & Stephen M. Fleming - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (5):349-362.
    Metacognition–the ability to represent, monitor and control ongoing cognitive processes–helps us perform many tasks, both when acting alone and when working with others. While metacognition is adaptive, and found in other animals, we should not assume that all human forms of metacognition are gene-based adaptations. Instead, some forms may have a social origin, including the discrimination, interpretation, and broadcasting of metacognitive representations. There is evidence that each of these abilities depends on cultural learning and therefore that cultural selection might shape (...)
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  16.  11
    Apes Submentalise.Cecilia Heyes - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (1):1-2.
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  17.  3
    Intersecting Cultural Beliefs in Social Relations: Gender, Race, and Class Binds and Freedoms.Tamar Kricheli-Katz & Cecilia L. Ridgeway - 2013 - Gender and Society 27 (3):294-318.
    We develop an evidence-based theoretical account of how widely shared cultural beliefs about gender, race, and class intersect in interpersonal and other social relational contexts in the United States to create characteristic cultural “binds” and freedoms for actors in those contexts. We treat gender, race, and class as systems of inequality that are culturally constructed as distinct but implicitly overlap through their defining beliefs, which reflect the perspectives of dominant groups in society. We cite evidence for the contextually contingent interactional (...)
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  18.  39
    Material Falsity and Error in Descartes' Meditations.Cecilia Wee - 2005 - Routledge.
    _Material Falsity and Error in Descartes’s Meditations _approaches Descartes’s Meditations as an intellectual journey, wherein Descartes’s views develop and change as he makes new discoveries about self, God and matter. The first book to focus closely on Descartes’s notion of material falsity, it shows how Descartes’s account of material falsity – and correspondingly his account of crucial notions such as truth, falsehood and error – evolves according to the epistemic advances in the Meditations. It also offers important new insights on (...)
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  19.  3
    Doing Aesthetics with Arendt: How to See Things.Cecilia Sjöholm - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cecilia Sjöholm reads Hannah Arendt as a philosopher of the senses, grappling with questions of vision, hearing, and touch even in her political work. Constructing an Arendtian theory of aesthetics from the philosopher's fragmentary writings on art and perception, Sjöholm begins a vibrant new chapter in Arendt scholarship that expands her relevance for contemporary philosophers. Arendt wrote thoughtfully about the role of sensibility and aesthetic judgment in political life and on the power of art to enrich human experience. Sjöholm (...)
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  20.  12
    Cognition Blindness and Cognitive Gadgets.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Responding to commentaries from psychologists, neuroscientists, philosophers, and anthropologists, I clarify a central purpose of Cognitive Gadgets – to overcome “cognition blindness” in research on human evolution. I defend this purpose against Brunerian, extended mind, and niche construction critiques of computationalism – that is, views prioritising meaning over information, or asserting that behaviour and objects can be intrinsic parts of a thinking process. I argue that empirical evidence from cognitive science is needed to locate distinctively human cognitive mechanisms on the (...)
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  21.  15
    Procedures for Clinical Ethics Case Reflections: An Example From Childhood Cancer Care.Cecilia Bartholdson, Pernilla Pergert & Gert Helgesson - 2014 - Clinical Ethics 9 (2-3):87-95.
    The procedures for structuring clinical ethics case reflections in a childhood cancer care setting are presented, including an eight-step model. Four notable characteristics of the procedures are: members of the inter-professional health care team, not external experts, taking a leading role in the reflections; patients or relatives not being directly involved; the model explicitly addressing values and moral principles instead of focussing exclusively on the interests of involved parties; using a case-based rather than principle-based method. By discusing the advantages and (...)
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  22.  23
    Contrasting Approaches to the Legitimation of Intentional Language Within Comparative Psychology.Cecilia M. Heyes - 1987 - Behaviorism 15 (1):41-50.
    Dennett, a philosopher, and Griffin, an ethologist, have recently presented influential arguments promoting the extended use of intentional language by students of animal behavior. This essay seeks to elucidate and to contrast the claims made by each of these authors, and to evaluate their proposals primarily from the perspective of a practicing comparative psychologist or ethologist. While Griffin regards intentional terms as explanatory, Dennett assigns them a descriptive function; the issue of animal consciousness is central to Griffin's program and only (...)
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  23. Toll-Like Receptor Signaling in Vertebrates: Testing the Integration of Protein, Complex, and Pathway Data in the Protein Ontology Framework.Cecilia Arighi, Veronica Shamovsky, Anna Maria Masci, Alan Ruttenberg, Barry Smith, Darren Natale, Cathy Wu & Peter D’Eustachio - 2015 - PLoS ONE 10 (4):e0122978.
    The Protein Ontology (PRO) provides terms for and supports annotation of species-specific protein complexes in an ontology framework that relates them both to their components and to species-independent families of complexes. Comprehensive curation of experimentally known forms and annotations thereof is expected to expose discrepancies, differences, and gaps in our knowledge. We have annotated the early events of innate immune signaling mediated by Toll-Like Receptor 3 and 4 complexes in human, mouse, and chicken. The resulting ontology and annotation data set (...)
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  24.  28
    What Can Imitation Do for Cooperation?Cecilia Heyes - 2013 - In Kim Sterelny, Richard Joyce, Brett Calcott & Ben Fraser (eds.), Cooperation and its Evolution. MIT Press. pp. 313.
  25.  23
    Speculative Before the Turn: Reintroducing Feminist Materialist Performativity.Cecilia Åsberg, Kathrin Thiele & Iris van der Tuin - unknown
    Before the trains of thought have been firmly laid down, we ask in this article about the very nature and histories of the speculative of the speculative-materialist turn. We do this from the intertwined interfaces of curious feminist materialisms, foregrounding sexual difference, post-positivist critique and posthumanist performativity such as is being done in various strands of feminist theory today. The question of speculation plays a constitutive role in feminist critique and in several new or neo-materialist traditions. In fact, many interesting (...)
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  26.  59
    PharmAD-Ventures: A Feminist Analysis of the Pharmacological Imaginary of Alzheimer’s Disease.Cecilia Åsberg & Jennifer Lum - 2009 - Body and Society 15 (4):95-117.
    Alzheimer’s disease may be situated within a cultural landscape produced, in part, by demographics and the marketing strategies of an aggressive biopharmaceutical industry. The simultaneously corporeal and visual domain of advertisements for anti-AD drugs generates dynamic images of gender and embodiment, and it also lends itself to feminist interventions engaging with the images and ideas circulating around aging, medicine and the body. In this article, we investigate advertisements targeting medical practitioners treating patients with AD. Working within a methodological framework we (...)
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  27.  12
    Testing Cognitive Gadgets.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Mind and Language 34 (4):551-559.
    Mind &Language, Volume 34, Issue 4, Page 551-559, September 2019.
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  28.  17
    Four Routes of Cognitive Evolution.Cecilia Heyes - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (4):713-727.
  29.  43
    Imitation: Is Cognitive Neuroscience Solving the Correspondence Problem?Marcel Brass & Cecilia Heyes - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (10):489-495.
  30. Descartes and Leibniz on Human Free-Will and the Ability to Do Otherwise.Cecilia Wee - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (3):387-414.
    National University of Singapore, Singapore 117570.
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  31.  4
    Corrigendum: Positive Effects of Nature on Cognitive Performance Across Multiple Experiments: Test Order but Not Affect Modulates the Cognitive Effects.Cecilia U. D. Stenfors, Stephen C. Van Hedger, Kathryn E. Schertz, Francisco A. C. Meyer, Karen E. L. Smith, Greg J. Norman, Stefan C. Bourrier, James T. Enns, Omid Kardan, John Jonides & Marc G. Berman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  32.  12
    From Nuoro to Nobel: The Impact of Multiple Mediatorship on Grazia Deledda's Movement Within the Literary Semi-Periphery.Cecilia Schwartz - 2018 - Perspectives 26 (4):526-542.
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  33. Descartes's Ontological Proof of God's Existence.Cecilia Wee - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1):23 - 40.
    This paper argues that an examination of the ontology that underpins Descartes?s Fifth Meditation ontological proof of God?s existence will contribute to a better understanding of the nature and structure of the proof. Attention to the Cartesian meditator?s development of this ontology in earlier meditations also makes clear why this proof could not have been asserted before the Fifth Meditation. Finally, it is argued that Kant?s objections against the ontological proof have no force against Descartes? particular version of the proof.
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  34.  12
    When Parenting Fails: Alexithymia and Attachment States of Mind in Mothers of Female Patients with Eating Disorders.Cecilia Serena Pace, Donatella Cavanna, Valentina Guiducci & Fabiola Bizzi - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  35.  83
    The Antigone Complex: Ethics and the Invention of Feminine Desire.Cecilia Sjoholm - 2004 - Stanford University Press.
    What if psychoanalysis had chosen Antigone rather than Oedipus? This book traces the relation between ethics and desire in important philosophical texts that focus on femininity and use Antigone as their model. It shows that the notion of feminine desire is conditioned by a view of women as being prone to excesses and deficiencies in relation to ethical norms and rules. Sjöholm explains Mary Wollstonecraft’s work, as well as readings of Antigone by G.W.F. Hegel, Martin Heidegger, Luce Irigaray, Jacques Lacan, (...)
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  36.  1
    The First German Philosopher: The Mysticism of Jakob Böhme as Interpreted by Hegel.Cecilia Muratori - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
    This book investigates Hegel’s interpretation of the mystical philosophy of Jakob Böhme, considered in the context of the reception of Böhme in the 18th and 19th centuries, and of Hegel’s own understanding of mysticism as a philosophical approach. The three sections of this book present: the historical background of Hegel’s encounter with Böhme’s writings; the development of two different conceptions of mysticism in Hegel’s work; and finally Hegel’s approach to Böhme’s philosophy, discussing in detail the references to Böhme both in (...)
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  37.  3
    Material Falsity and Error in Descartes' Meditations.Cecilia Wee - 2005 - Routledge.
    _Material Falsity and Error in Descartes’s Meditations _approaches Descartes’s Meditations as an intellectual journey, wherein Descartes’s views develop and change as he makes new discoveries about self, God and matter. The first book to focus closely on Descartes’s notion of material falsity, it shows how Descartes’s account of material falsity – and correspondingly his account of crucial notions such as truth, falsehood and error – evolves according to the epistemic advances in the Meditations. It also offers important new insights on (...)
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  38.  86
    Business Ethics in Latin America.Arruda M. Cecilia - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (14):1597-1603.
    Business ethics is a relatively new topic of academic discussion in Latin America. Corruption and impunity came to be serious moral diseases in the region, probably as a result of a long period of dictatorship in most countries. Low ethical standards in the politics have had deep impact on individuals, organizations and economic systems. Excessive consumption, materialism and selfishness, in contrast with real poverty, have been responsible for a sloppiness in attitudes and principles in many Latin American countries. Even though (...)
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  39.  16
    Is Morality a Gadget? Nature, Nurture and Culture in Moral Development.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Synthese 198 (5):4391-4414.
    Research on ‘moral learning’ examines the roles of domain-general processes, such as Bayesian inference and reinforcement learning, in the development of moral beliefs and values. Alert to the power of these processes, and equipped with both the analytic resources of philosophy and the empirical methods of psychology, ‘moral learners’ are ideally placed to discover the contributions of nature, nurture and culture to moral development. However, I argue that to achieve these objectives research on moral learning needs to overcome nativist bias, (...)
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  40.  36
    Descartes's Ontological Proof of God's Existence.Cecilia Wee - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1):23-40.
    This paper argues that an examination of the ontology that underpins Descartes’s Fifth Meditation ontological proof of God’s existence will contribute to a better understanding of the nature and structure of the proof. Attention to the Cartesian meditator’s development of this ontology in earlier meditations also makes clear why this proof could not have been asserted before the Fifth Meditation. Finally, it is argued that Kant’s objections against the ontological proof have no force against Descartes’ particular version of the proof.
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  41.  19
    The Mafia Boss Yesterday and Today: Psychological Characteristics and Research Data.Cecilia Giordano & Girolamo Lo Verso - 2015 - World Futures 71 (5-8):137-152.
    This article describes Cosa Nostra bosses’ psychological characteristics starting from research data collected over almost twenty years. Through the use of fragments of interviews to justice collaborators and their wives, children, and sisters-in-law, we analyze the boss’ role and relational context. This article also reports the results of a recent research on the relationship between boss and white-collar workers, carried out through the analysis of environmental tapping recorded at a famous Sicilian Mafia boss’ house: Giuseppe Guttadauro. This research highlights the (...)
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  42.  19
    Viagra Selfhood: Pharmaceutical Advertising and the Visual Formation of Swedish Masculinity. [REVIEW]Cecilia Åsberg & Ericka Johnson - 2009 - Health Care Analysis 17 (2):144-157.
    Using material from the Pfizer sponsored website providing health information on erectile dysfunction to potential Swedish Viagra customers (www.potenslinjen.se), this article explores the public image of masculinity in relation to sexual health and the cultural techniques for creating pharmaceutical appeal. We zoom in on the targeted ideal users of Viagra, and the nationalized, racialized and sexualized identities they are assigned. As part of Pfizer’s marketing strategy of adjustments to fit the local consumer base, the ways in which Viagra is promoted (...)
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  43.  1
    Contingency and Units in Interaction.Cecilia E. Ford - 2004 - Discourse Studies 6 (1):27-52.
    Starting with Houtkoop and Mazeland’s study of discourse units, and touching upon recent studies aimed at detailing unit projection in interaction, this article argues that the drive toward abstract and discrete models for units and unit projection is potentially misleading. While it has been established that to engage in talk-in-interaction, as it unfolds in real time, participants rely on projectable units, research aimed at defining units unintentionally backgrounds the contingency inherent in interaction. A central function of language for collaborative action (...)
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  44.  39
    Oxford Physics in the Thirteenth Century (Ca. 1250–1270): Motion, Infinity, Place, and Time.Cecilia Trifogli - 2000 - Brill.
    This volume deals with the reception of Aristotle's natural philosophy in Oxford between 1250 and 1270.
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  45.  6
    Kristeva and the Political.Cecilia Sjoholm - 2004 - Routledge.
    Julia Kristeva is one of the most influential French thinkers of the twentieth century and is best known for her work in linguistics. Even though her work has been very influential, the political implications of her writings have so far been neglected. _Kristeva and the Political_ is the first book to explore the relation of Kristeva's work to the political and casts new light on her work, connecting her to recent developments in literary theory, political theory, and cultural studies. In (...)
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  46.  24
    Une Analyse Interdisciplinaire des Vulnérabilités Socioenvironnementales : Le Cas de Falaises Côtières Urbanisées En Méditerranée.Cécilia Claeys, Jérémy Giuliano, Hervé Tepongning Megnifo, Laurent Fissier, Anna Rouadjia, Cécile Lizée, Cyril Geneys & Nathalie Marçot - 2017 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 25 (3):241-254.
    Cet article présente une recherche interdisciplinaire associant sociologie et géologie. L'analyse porte sur la vulnérabilité urbaine vis-à-vis de l'érosion des falaises côtières. Le terrain d'étude est la commune de Carry-le-Rouet dont le littoral est constitué de falaises calcaires associées parfois à de la calcarénite, en alternance avec des niveaux sableux et argileux moins consolidés, d'une hauteur maximale de 40 m. L'analyse révèle que certains des quartiers les plus luxueux de la commune sont les plus exposés au risque d'érosion, échappant au (...)
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  47.  83
    The Cultural Evolution of Cultural Evolution.Jonathan Birch & Cecilia Heyes - forthcoming - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.
    What makes fast, cumulative cultural evolution work? Where did it come from? Why is it the sole preserve of humans? We set out a self-assembly hypothesis: cultural evolution evolved culturally. We present an evolutionary account that shows this hypothesis to be coherent, plausible, and worthy of further investigation. It has the following steps: (0) in common with other animals, early hominins had significant capacity for social learning; (1) knowledge and skills learned by offspring from their parents began to spread because (...)
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  48.  33
    Mechanistic Understanding in Clinical Practice: Complementing Evidence‐Based Medicine with Personalized Medicine.Cecilia Nardini, Marco Annoni & Giuseppe Schiavone - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1000-1005.
  49.  34
    Beast Machines? Questions of Animal Consciousness.Cecilia Heyes - 2008 - In Lawrence Weiskrantz & Martin Davies (eds.), Frontiers of Consciousness. Oxford University Press. pp. 259--274.
  50.  58
    Bias and Conditioning in Sequential Medical Trials.Cecilia Nardini & Jan Sprenger - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):1053-1064.
    Randomized Controlled Trials are currently the gold standard within evidence-based medicine. Usually, they are conducted as sequential trials allowing for monitoring for early signs of effectiveness or harm. However, evidence from early stopped trials is often charged with being biased towards implausibly large effects. To our mind, this skeptical attitude is unfounded and caused by the failure to perform appropriate conditioning in the statistical analysis of the evidence. We contend that a shift from unconditional hypothesis tests in the style of (...)
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