Results for 'Dominik Lusser'

344 found
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  1. Ens et unum convertuntur: À propos de la théorie de la substance chez aristote (I) 1.Dominik Lusser - 2009 - Revue Thomiste 109 (1):79-116.
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  2.  4
    Dominik Finkeide (Paris): Streit Um Paulus. Annäherungen an Die Lektüren von Alain Badiou, Giorgio Agamben Und Slavoj Zizek.Dominik Finkelde - 2006 - Philosophische Rundschau 53 (4):303 - 331.
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  3.  33
    Theories of Cognition in the Later Middle Ages. [REVIEW]Dominik Perler - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):143-146.
    Historians of philosophy often credit Descartes, Locke, and other seventeenth-century authors with having introduced one of the most vexing problems into epistemology: the problem of mental representations. For these authors claimed that our knowledge of the external world is always mediated by mental representations, so that we have immediate access only to these representations, the ideas in our mind. As is well known, this “veil-of-ideas epistemology” gave rise to a number of skeptical questions. How can we be certain that our (...)
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  4.  14
    Legitimation Work Within a Cross-Sector Social Partnership.Dominik Rueede & Karin Kreutzer - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (1):39-58.
    This study illuminates how a cross-sector social partnership legitimizes itself toward multiple internal and external stakeholders. Within a single-case study design, we collected retrospective and real time data on the partnership between Deutsche Post DHL and The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Within this partnership, Deutsche Post DHL provides corporate volunteers that support disaster response after natural disasters on a pro bono basis. The main objects that needed legitimacy as well as the audiences from which legitimacy (...)
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  5.  36
    Credence as Doxastic Tendency.Dominik Kauss - 2020 - Synthese 197 (10):4495-4518.
    This paper addresses the ongoing debate over the relation between belief and credence. A proposal is made to reverse the currently predominant order of analysis, by taking belief as conceptually basic and credence as the phenomenon to be clarified. In brief, the proposal is to explicate an agent’s credence in a proposition P as the agent’s tendency toward believing P. Platitudinous as this reduction may seem, it runs counter to all of the major positions in the debate, including the Threshold (...)
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  6.  40
    Understanding (with) Toy Models.Alexander Reutlinger, Dominik Hangleiter & Stephan Hartmann - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (4):1069-1099.
    Toy models are highly idealized and extremely simple models. Although they are omnipresent across scientific disciplines, toy models are a surprisingly under-appreciated subject in the philosophy of science. The main philosophical puzzle regarding toy models concerns what the epistemic goal of toy modelling is. One promising proposal for answering this question is the claim that the epistemic goal of toy models is to provide individual scientists with understanding. The aim of this article is to precisely articulate and to defend this (...)
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  7. Accuracy and Credal Imprecision.Dominik Berger & Nilanjan Das - 2020 - Noûs 54 (3):666-703.
    Many have claimed that epistemic rationality sometimes requires us to have imprecise credal states (i.e. credal states representable only by sets of credence functions) rather than precise ones (i.e. credal states representable by single credence functions). Some writers have recently argued that this claim conflicts with accuracy-centered epistemology, i.e., the project of justifying epistemic norms by appealing solely to the overall accuracy of the doxastic states they recommend. But these arguments are far from decisive. In this essay, we prove some (...)
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  8. Understanding (With) Toy Models.Alexander Reutlinger, Dominik Hangleiter & Stephan Hartmann - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axx005.
    Toy models are highly idealized and extremely simple models. Although they are omnipresent across scientific disciplines, toy models are a surprisingly under-appreciated subject in the philosophy of science. The main philosophical puzzle regarding toy models is that it is an unsettled question what the epistemic goal of toy modeling is. One promising proposal for answering this question is the claim that the epistemic goal of toy models is to provide individual scientists with understanding. The aim of this paper is to (...)
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  9.  91
    Ancient and Medieval Theories of Intentionality.Dominik Perler (ed.) - 2001 - Brill.
    This volume analyses ancient and medieval theories of intentionality in various contexts: perception, imagination, and intellectual thinking.
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  10.  74
    Carnap, Goguen, and the Hyperontologies: Logical Pluralism and Heterogeneous Structuring in Ontology Design. [REVIEW]Dominik Lücke - 2010 - Logica Universalis 4 (2):255-333.
    This paper addresses questions of universality related to ontological engineering, namely aims at substantiating (negative) answers to the following three basic questions: (i) Is there a ‘universal ontology’?, (ii) Is there a ‘universal formal ontology language’?, and (iii) Is there a universally applicable ‘mode of reasoning’ for formal ontologies? To support our answers in a principled way, we present a general framework for the design of formal ontologies resting on two main principles: firstly, we endorse Rudolf Carnap’s principle of logical (...)
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  11.  24
    Gibt Es so Etwas Wie Intellektuelle Toleranz?Dominik Balg - 2020 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 97 (2):319-342.
    In this article, it will be argued that tolerance is not necessarily a political or ethical, but rather an abstract attitude that can be applied to many different dimensions of normative evaluation. More specifically, it will be argued that there are genuinely intellectual forms of tolerance that are epistemically motivated and that need to be assessed on purely epistemic grounds. To establish this claim, an abstract characterization of tolerance will be applied to the epistemic phenomenon of disagreement in order to (...)
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  12.  8
    Suárez on the Unity of Material Substances.Dominik Perler - 2020 - Vivarium 58 (3):143-167.
    Many late medieval Aristotelians assumed that a natural substance has several substantial forms in addition to matter as really distinct parts. This assumption gave rise to a unity problem: why is a substance more than a conglomeration of all these parts? This paper discusses Francisco Suárez’s answer. It first shows that he rejected the idea that there is a plurality of forms, emphasizing instead that each substance has a single form and hence a single structuring principle. It then examines his (...)
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  13. Faculties in Medieval Philosophy.Dominik Perler - 2015 - In The Faculties: A History. Oxford University Press. pp. 97-139.
  14.  48
    Change and Creativity in Early Modern Indian Medical Thought.Dominik Wujastyk - 2005 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 33 (1):95-118.
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  15.  15
    Zweifel und Gewissheit: Skeptische Debatten im Mittelalter.Dominik Perler - 2006 - Frankfurt a.M.: Klostermann.
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  16. Occasionalismus. Theorien der Kausalität im arabisch-islamischen und im europäischen Denken.Dominik Perler & Ulrich Rudolph - 2000 - Göttingen, Deutschland: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
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  17.  46
    Positive Economics and the Normativistic Fallacy: Bridging the Two Sides of CSR.Philipp Schreck, Dominik van Aaken & Thomas Donaldson - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (2):297-329.
    In response to criticism of empirical or “positive” approaches to corporate social responsibility, we defend the importance of these approaches for any CSR theory that seeks to have practical impact. Although we acknowledge limitations to positive approaches, we unpack the neglected but crucial relationships between positive knowledge on the one hand and normative knowledge on the other in the implementation of CSR principles. Using the structure of a practical syllogism, we construct a model that displays the key role of empirical (...)
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  18.  36
    Suárez on Consciousness.Dominik Perler - 2014 - Vivarium 52 (3-4):261-286.
    It seems quite natural that we have cognitive access not only to things around us, but also to our own acts of perceiving and thinking. How is this access possible? How is it related to the access we have to external things? And how certain is it? This paper discusses these questions by focusing on Francisco Suárez’s theory, which gives an account of various forms of access to oneself and thereby presents an elaborate theory of consciousness. It argues that Suárez (...)
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  19.  16
    Libet’s Experiment: A Complex Replication.Tomáš Dominik, Daniel Dostál, Martin Zielina, Jan Šmahaj, Zuzana Sedláčková & Roman Procházka - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:1-26.
  20.  10
    Ritual, Self and Yoga: On the Ways and Goals of Salvation in the Kaṭha Upaniṣad.Dominik Haas - 2019 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 47 (5):1019-1052.
    Throughout its history, the renowned Kaṭha Upaniṣad has often been described as being both incoherent and contradictory. The aim of this paper is to show to what purpose the text was created. To this end, it discusses the connection of the three paths to salvation depicted in the text, viz. the Agnicayana, the Upaniṣadic method of self-knowledge, and yoga. The first part retraces how in the Upaniṣads, the Agnicayana was transformed into a non-material or mental ritual and linked with self-knowledge. (...)
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  21.  21
    Knowledge, Belief, Normality, and Introspection.Dominik Klein, Olivier Roy & Norbert Gratzl - 2017 - Synthese 195 (10):4343-4372.
    We study two logics of knowledge and belief stemming from the work of Stalnaker, omitting positive introspection for knowledge. The two systems are equivalent with positive introspection, but not without. We show that while the logic of beliefs remains unaffected by omitting introspection for knowledge in one system, it brings significant changes to the other. The resulting logic of belief is non-normal, and its complete axiomatization uses an infinite hierarchy of coherence constraints. We conclude by returning to the philosophical interpretation (...)
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  22.  12
    Changing Types: Information Dynamics for Qualitative Type Spaces.Dominik Klein & Eric Pacuit - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (2):297-319.
    Many different approaches to describing the players’ knowledge and beliefs can be found in the literature on the epistemic foundations of game theory. We focus here on non-probabilistic approaches. The two most prominent are the so-called Kripkeor Aumann- structures and knowledge structures (non-probabilistic variants of Harsanyi type spaces). Much of the recent work on Kripke structures has focused on dynamic extensions and simple ways of incorporating these. We argue that many of these ideas can be applied to knowledge structures as (...)
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  23.  20
    Analogue Quantum Simulation: A Philosophical Prospectus.Dominik Hangleiter, Jacques Carolan & Karim P. Y. Thebault - unknown
    This paper provides the first systematic philosophical analysis of an increasingly important part of modern scientific practice: analogue quantum simulation. We introduce the distinction between `simulation' and `emulation' as applied in the context of two case studies. Based upon this distinction, and building upon ideas from the recent philosophical literature on scientific understanding, we provide a normative framework to isolate and support the goals of scientists undertaking analogue quantum simulation and emulation. We expect our framework to be useful to both (...)
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  24.  23
    Seeing and Judging: Ockham and Wodeham on Sensory Cognition.Dominik Perler - 2008 - In Kärkkäinen Knuuttila (ed.), Theories of Perception in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. pp. 151--169.
  25.  35
    Interpreting the Image of the Human Body in Premodern India.Dominik Wujastyk - 2009 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 13 (2):189-228.
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  26.  88
    Was There a Pyrrhonian Crisis in Early Modern Philosophy? A Critical Notice of Richard H. Popkin.Dominik Perler - 2004 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 86 (2):209-220.
  27.  14
    Gibt es Individuen?Dominik Perler - 2015 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 63 (3).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie Jahrgang: 63 Heft: 3 Seiten: 497-517.
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  28.  98
    What Am I Thinking About? John Duns Scotus and Peter Aureol on Intentional Objects.Dominik Perler - 1994 - Vivarium 32 (1):72-89.
  29.  46
    Blessing or Curse? Neurocognitive Enhancement by “Brain Engineering”.Dominik Groß - 2009 - Medicine Studies 1 (4):379-391.
    PurposeSince the 1980s we have witnessed a soaring “extra-therapeutic” use of psycho-pharmacology. But there is also an increasing interest in invasive methods of neuroenhancement that can be subsumed under the term “brain engineering”. The present article aims to identify key issues raised by those forms of neuro-technical enhancement (e.g., deep brain stimulation, brain-computer interfaces, memory chips, neurobionic interventions). First it distinguishes different forms of neuroenhancement, then describes features of those methods and finally discusses their ethical implications.MethodsThe article is based on (...)
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  30. Essentialism and Direct Realism: Some Late Medieval Perspectives.Dominik Perler - 2000 - Topoi 19 (2):111-122.
  31.  7
    Duns Scotus's Philosophy of Language.Dominik Perler - 2003 - In Thomas Williams (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus. Cambridge, Vereinigtes Königreich: Cambridge University Press. pp. 161.
  32.  10
    Ockham on Emotions in the Divided Soul.Dominik Perler - 2014 - In Dominik Perler & Klaus Corcilius (eds.), Partitioning the Soul: Debates From Plato to Leibniz. De Gruyter. pp. 179-198.
  33.  23
    Thinking without Words. [REVIEW]Dominik Perler - 2005 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 59 (2):733-736.
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  34.  17
    Sektionen in Deutschland: Historische Wurzeln, Gegenwärtiger Stellenwert Und Aktuelle Ethische ProblemeThe Practise of Autopsies in Germany: Historical Roots, Present Role and Ethical Implications.Dominik Groß - 1999 - Ethik in der Medizin 11 (3):169-181.
    Definition of the problem: In Germany, the dissection rate of the deceased is distinctly lower than in many other European countries. Although critics of autopsies use to put forward ethical objections and religious scruples, neither the Christian church nor piety stand opposite to the practise of autopsies.Arguments: From an ethical point of view, there are numerous arguments for an increase in the number of autopsies. It can be shown that not only the deceased, his relations and the physicians but also (...)
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  35.  2
    Ideen: Repräsentationalismus in der Frühen Neuzeit. Texte und Kommentare.Dominik Perler & Johannes Haag - 2010 - Berlin, Deutschland: De Gruyter.
  36.  16
    Why is the Sheep Afraid of the Wolf? Medieval Debates on Animal Passions.Dominik Perler - 2012 - In Martin Pickavé & Lisa Shapiro (eds.), Emotion and Cognitive Life in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 32.
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  37.  50
    Late Medieval Ontologies of Facts.Dominik Perler - 1994 - The Monist 77 (2):149-169.
    When we are asked what the term ‘Socrates’ signifies, we answer spontaneously, I suppose: “the man Socrates.” And when we are asked what the term ‘white’ signifies, we tend to answer: “the color white” or “whiteness.” Although our second answer may be less spontaneous than the first, either because we may have some difficulty in explaining what a color is, ontologically speaking, or because we may be reluctant to commit ourselves to such a controversial thing as whiteness, we may nevertheless (...)
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  38.  13
    Somatic Evolution of Cells and the Development of Cancer.Dominik Wodarz - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (2):119-122.
  39. Ockham About the Soul and its Parts.Dominik Perler - 2010 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 77 (2):313-350.
     
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  40.  21
    Does God Deceive Us? Skeptical Hypotheses in Late Medieval Epistemology.Dominik Perler - 2010 - In Henrik Lagerlund (ed.), Rethinking the History of Skepticism: The Missing Medieval Background. Leiden, Niederlande: Brill. pp. 171-192.
  41.  61
    Begriffliche und psychologische Ordnung bei Spinoza.Dominik Perler - 2008 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90 (2):188-215.
    Spinoza's metaphysical thesis that there is only one substance in the universe but a plurality of modes, each of them falling under an attribute, raises a crucial question. How are modes of thinking, i.e. ideas, related to modes of extension? This paper intends to show that there are at least two answers, depending on an understanding of the equivocal term ‘idea’. If ideas are taken to be mental acts, they are identical with modes of extension. If, however, they are understood (...)
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  42.  5
    Ockham über die Seele und ihre Teile.Dominik Perler - 2010 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 77 (2):313-350.
    Ockham affirms that a human being consists of three really distinct forms that exist in matter, thus defending a «pluralist» position in the debate about the soul. However, he takes a «unitarist» position with regard to the rational soul, claiming that intellect and will are not really distinct. Why does he not admit a plurality of forms in the rational soul as well? And why does he think that the rational soul as a whole is really distinct from the sensory (...)
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  43.  89
    Things in the Mind: Fourteenth-Century Controversies Over Intelligible Species.Dominik Perler - 1996 - Vivarium 34 (2):231-253.
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  44.  13
    Proof Step Analysis for Proof Tutoring -- A Learning Approach to Granularity.Marvin Schiller, Dominik Dietrich & Christoph Benzmüller - 2008 - Teaching Mathematics and Computer Science 6 (2):325-343.
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  45.  45
    War Aristoteles ein Funktionalist? Überlegungen zum Leib–Seele–Problem.Dominik Perler - 1996 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 50 (3):341-363.
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  46.  27
    Sind die Gegenstände farbig? Zum Problem der Sinneseigenschaften bei Descartes.Dominik Perler - 1998 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 80 (2):182-210.
  47. Peter Aureol Vs. Hervaeus Natalis on Intentionality. A Text Edition with Introductory Remarks.Dominik Perler - 1994 - Archives d'Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Âge 61:227-262.
    In his Tractatus de secundi intentionibus Hervaeus Natalis claims that an intention, taken in the strict sense, is not a mental entity but a thing qua cognized thing having « objective existence ». Peter Aureol agrees with this thesis, but he denies that one needs to introduce, in addition to this « concrete intention », an « abstract intention ». This article gives a preliminary edition of Aureol’s critique, along with a brief analysis of the controversial issues in the Aureol-Hervaeus (...)
     
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  48.  18
    A Complete Axiom System for Polygonal Mereotopology of the Real Plane.Ian Pratt & Dominik Schoop - 1998 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (6):621-658.
    This paper presents a calculus for mereotopological reasoning in which two-dimensional spatial regions are treated as primitive entities. A first order predicate language ℒ with a distinguished unary predicate c(x), function-symbols +, · and - and constants 0 and 1 is defined. An interpretation ℜ for ℒ is provided in which polygonal open subsets of the real plane serve as elements of the domain. Under this interpretation the predicate c(x) is read as 'region x is connected' and the function-symbols and (...)
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  49.  24
    Expressivity in Polygonal, Plane Mereotopology.Ian Pratt & Dominik Schoop - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (2):822-838.
    In recent years, there has been renewed interest in the development of formal languages for describing mereological (part-whole) and topological relationships between objects in space. Typically, the non-logical primitives of these languages are properties and relations such as `x is connected' or `x is a part of y', and the entities over which their variables range are, accordingly, not points, but regions: spatial entities other than regions are admitted, if at all, only as logical constructs of regions. This paper considers (...)
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  50.  14
    Epistemology As Ethics In Research And Policy: The Use of Case Studies.John Elliott & Dominik Lukeš - 2008 - Philosophy of Education 42 (Supplement s1):87-119.
    This article examines the ethnographic case study in education in the context of policy making with particular emphasis on the practice of research and policy making. The central claim of the article is that it is impossible to establish a transcendental epistemology of the case study on instrumental rationality. Instead it argues for the notion of situated judgement that needs to be made by practitioners in context, practitioners being both researchers and policy makers. In other words, questions about the level (...)
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