Results for 'Gwena Lovett-Hooper'

223 found
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  1.  33
    Is Plagiarism a Forerunner of Other Deviance? Imagined Futures of Academically Dishonest Students.Gwena Lovett-Hooper, Meera Komarraju, Rebecca Weston & Stephen J. Dollinger - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):323 – 336.
    This study explored the relationship of current incidences of academic dishonesty with future norm/rule-violating behavior. Data were collected from 154 college students enrolled in introductory and upper-level psychology students at a large Midwest public university who received credit for participating. The sample included students from many different majors and all years of study. Participants completed a self-report survey that included a measure of Academic Dishonesty (including three subscales: Self-Dishonest, Social Falsifying, and Plagiarism) and an Imagined Futures Scale (five subscales that (...)
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  2. A Republic of Law.Frank Lovett - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    The rule of law is a valuable human achievement. It is valuable not only instrumentally, but also for its own sake as a significant aspect of social justice. Only in a society that enjoys the rule of law is it possible for people to regard one another as fellow free citizens; no one the master of anyone else. Nevertheless, the rule of law is poorly understood. In this book, Frank Lovett develops a rigorous conception of the rule of law that (...)
     
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  3.  27
    The Logic of Ground.Adam Lovett - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-37.
    I explore the logic of ground. I first develop a logic of weak ground. This logic strengthens the logic of weak ground presented by Fine in his ‘Guide to Ground.’ This logic, I argue, generates many plausible principles which Fine’s system leaves out. I then derive from this a logic of strict ground. I argue that there is a strong abductive case for adopting this logic. It’s elegant, parsimonious and explanatorily powerful. Yet, so I suggest, adopting it has important consequences. (...)
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  4.  33
    The Puzzles of Ground.Adam Lovett - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-24.
    I outline and provide a solution to some paradoxes of ground.
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  5.  34
    A General Theory of Domination and Justice.Frank Lovett (ed.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    This study builds on the work of contemporary civic republicans, supplying a detailed analysis of the concept of domination absent in the familiar accounts of political freedom as non-domination.
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  6.  72
    Republican Freedom, Popular Control, and Collective Action.Sean Ingham & Frank Lovett - forthcoming - American Journal of Political Science.
    Republicans hold that people are dominated merely in virtue of others' having unconstrained abilities to frustrate their choices. They argue further that public officials may dominate citizens unless subject to popular control. Critics identify a dilemma. To maintain the possibility of popular control, republicans must attribute to the people an ability to control public officials merely in virtue of the possibility that they might coordinate their actions. But if the possibility of coordination suffices for attributing abilities to groups, then, even (...)
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  7.  17
    Extending SME to Handle Large‐Scale Cognitive Modeling.Kenneth D. Forbus, Ronald W. Ferguson, Andrew Lovett & Dedre Gentner - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (5):1152-1201.
    Analogy and similarity are central phenomena in human cognition, involved in processes ranging from visual perception to conceptual change. To capture this centrality requires that a model of comparison must be able to integrate with other processes and handle the size and complexity of the representations required by the tasks being modeled. This paper describes extensions to Structure-Mapping Engine since its inception in 1986 that have increased its scope of operation. We first review the basic SME algorithm, describe psychological evidence (...)
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  8.  26
    A Simple Proof of Grounding Internality.Adam Lovett - 2019 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 8 (3):154-166.
    Some people think that grounding is a type of identity. And some people think that grounding connections hold necessarily. I show that, under plausible assumptions, if grounding is a type of identity, then grounding connections hold necessarily.
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  9.  27
    Republicanism.Frank Lovett - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  10.  40
    Preserving Republican Freedom: A Reply to Simpson.Frank Lovett & Philip Pettit - 2018 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 46 (4):363-383.
    Philosophy &Public Affairs, Volume 46, Issue 4, Page 363-383, Fall 2018.
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  11.  15
    Civic Republicanism and Social Justice.Frank Lovett - 2016 - Political Theory 44 (5):687-696.
  12.  90
    What Difference Reveals About Similarity.Eyal Sagi, Dedre Gentner & Andrew Lovett - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (6):1019-1050.
    Detecting that two images are different is faster for highly dissimilar images than for highly similar images. Paradoxically, we showed that the reverse occurs when people are asked to describe how two images differ—that is, to state a difference between two images. Following structure-mapping theory, we propose that this disassociation arises from the multistage nature of the comparison process. Detecting that two images are different can be done in the initial (local-matching) stage, but only for pairs with low overlap; thus, (...)
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  13.  39
    Adding Insult to Injury: The Healthcare Brain Drain.C. R. Hooper - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):684-687.
    Recent reports published by the United Nations and the World Health Organization suggest that the brain drain of healthcare professionals from the developing to the developed world is decimating the provision of healthcare in poor countries. The migration of these key workers is driven by a combination of economic inequalities and the recruitment policies of governments in the rich world. This article assesses the impact of the healthcare brain drain and argues that wealthy countries have a moral obligation to reduce (...)
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  14.  5
    Modeling Individual Differences in Working Memory Performance: A Source Activation Account.Larry Z. Daily, Marsha C. Lovett & Lynne M. Reder - 2001 - Cognitive Science 25 (3):315-353.
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  15.  58
    Solving Geometric Analogy Problems Through Two‐Stage Analogical Mapping.Andrew Lovett, Emmett Tomai, Kenneth Forbus & Jeffrey Usher - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (7):1192-1231.
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  16.  7
    A Strategy‐Based Interpretation of Stroop.Marsha C. Lovett - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (3):493-524.
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  17. CogSketch: Sketch Understanding for Cognitive Science Research and for Education.Kenneth Forbus, Jeffrey Usher, Andrew Lovett, Kate Lockwood & Jon Wetzel - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (4):648-666.
    Sketching is a powerful means of working out and communicating ideas. Sketch understanding involves a combination of visual, spatial, and conceptual knowledge and reasoning, which makes it both challenging to model and potentially illuminating for cognitive science. This paper describes CogSketch, an ongoing effort of the NSF-funded Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center, which is being developed both as a research instrument for cognitive science and as a platform for sketch-based educational software. We describe the idea of open-domain sketch understanding, the (...)
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  18.  5
    In Defense of the Practice Theory.Frank Lovett - 2019 - Ratio Juris 32 (3):320-338.
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  19.  77
    Liberty or Death; Don't Tread on Me.C. Hooper & J. Spicer - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6):338-341.
    Next SectionMany jurisdictions require cyclists to wear bicycle helmets. The UK is currently not one of these. However, an increasing number of interest groups, including the British Medical Association, want to change the status quo. They argue that mandatory cycle helmet laws will reduce the incidence of head injuries and that this will be both good for cyclists (because they will suffer fewer head injuries) and good for society (because the burden of having to treat cyclists suffering from head injuries (...)
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  20.  8
    Ethical Implications of HIV Self-Testing.Jonathan Youngs & Carwyn Hooper - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (10):809-813.
  21.  77
    Domination: A Preliminary Analysis.Francis N. Lovett - 2001 - The Monist 84 (1):98-112.
    The recent revival of civic republicanism has been grounded on a conception of liberty as non-domination. While this avenue of thought holds considerable promise, such a conception of liberty can only be as sound as the underlying concept of domination, and although the term appears frequently in the pages of contemporary political theory, unlike other basic concepts, domination has received remarkably little in the way of serious conceptual analysis. Indeed, one might be tempted to conclude that domination is not a (...)
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  22.  18
    Task Representations, Strategy Variability, and Base-Rate Neglect.Marsha C. Lovett & Christian D. Schunn - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (2):107.
  23.  11
    Cultural Accommodation and Domination.Frank Lovett - 2010 - Political Theory 38 (2):243-267.
    When should burdened social practices be granted special accommodation? One issue of concern—raised by Okin and others—is that some social practices involve domination, and so the accommodation of those practices might (inadvertently, perhaps) support social injustice. Suppose one wants to take this concern very seriously. Starting from the assumption that freedom from domination is an especially important value, this article examines whether cultural accommodation would ever be advisable. Approaching the problem of multicultural accommodation from this point of view greatly clarifies (...)
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  24.  22
    Ancillary Care Duties: The Demands of Justice.C. R. Hooper - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (11):708-711.
    Ancillary care is care that research participants need that is not essential to make the research safe or scientifically valid and is not needed to remedy injuries that eventuate as a result of the research project itself. Ancillary care duties have recently been defended on the grounds of beneficence, entrustment, utility and consent. Justice has also been mentioned as a possible basis of ancillary care duties, but little attention has been paid to this approach. In this paper, the author seeks (...)
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  25.  31
    Comparing Thought Suppression and Mindfulness as Coping Techniques for Spider Fear.Nic Hooper, Nathan Davies, Laura Davies & Louise McHugh - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1824-1830.
    The current study compared thought suppression, focused attention and unfocused attention as strategies for managing spider fear. Spider fearful participants were exposed to a strategy induction before completing a Behavioural Approach Test . The BAT is a 10 step measurement of how close participants are willing to move towards a spider. Participants were instructed to use what they learned in the pre-BAT induction to help them advance through the steps of the BAT. The results of the study indicated that participants (...)
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  26.  28
    Realism and Operationism in Psychiatric Diagnosis.S. Brian Hood & Benjamin J. Lovett - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (2):207-222.
    In the context of psychiatric diagnosis, operationists claim that mental disorders are nothing more than the satisfying of objective diagnostic criteria, whereas realists claim that mental disorders are latent entities that are detected by applying those criteria. The implications of this distinction are substantial in actual clinical situations, such as in the co-occurrence of disorders that may interfere with one another's detection, or when patients falsify their symptoms. Realist and operationist conceptions of diagnosis may lead to different clinical decisions in (...)
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  27.  11
    Cultural Commonalities and Differences in Spatial Problem-Solving: A Computational Analysis.Andrew Lovett & Kenneth Forbus - 2011 - Cognition 121 (2):281-287.
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  28.  10
    Michael Anderson. Approximation to a Decision Procedure for the Halting Problem. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, Vol. 9 No. 4 , Pp. 305–312. [REVIEW]Philip K. Hooper - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (3):480.
  29.  25
    Levels of Moralisation: A New Conception of Moral Sensitivity.Benjamin J. Lovett & Alexander H. Jordan - 2010 - Journal of Moral Education 39 (2):175-189.
    Moral sensitivity has generally been interpreted in a normative sense, as the ability to notice moral features present in a situation. This paper outlines an alternative, descriptive conception of moral sensitivity: the levels of moralisation model. This model describes four qualitatively distinct levels at which a preference can be held: no moralisation; moralisation for the self; moralisation for others; and public expression of moralisation. Empirical research supporting the existence of these levels as well as processes that move a preference across (...)
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  30.  7
    Reply to Hidalgo's 'The Active Recruitment of Health Workers: A Defence' Article.C. R. Hooper - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (10):611-612.
    Hidalgo offers a novel and interesting defence of the active recruitment of health workers by organisations based in the developed world.1 His conclusions are highly controversial and run directly counter to those drawn by a large number of bioethicists, empirical researchers and national and international organisations interested in the issue of health worker migration.The debate about the effects of the migration of healthcare professionals began in earnest in the 1970s. During this decade a number of researchers argued that migration flows (...)
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  31.  16
    Thinking as a Production System.Marsha C. Lovett & John R. Anderson - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 401--429.
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  32.  42
    The Labour Republicans and the Classical Republican Tradition: Alex Gourevitch’s From Slavery to the Cooperative Commonwealth.Frank Lovett - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 17 (2):244-253.
    Alex Gourevitch’s From Slavery to the Cooperative Commonwealth is a valuable contribution to republican historiography: in reconstructing the ideas of the 19th century American labour republicans, this work significantly expands and enriches our appreciation of the classical republican tradition. While the labour republicans are convincingly shown to have made important contributions to that tradition, stronger claims that they fundamentally transformed republicanism are less persuasive.
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  33.  8
    Michael Anderson. Note on the Mortality Problem for Shift State Trees. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, Vol. 10 No. 3 , Pp. 275–276. [REVIEW]Philip K. Hooper - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (1):151.
  34.  23
    Can Justice Be Based on Consent?Frank Lovett - 2004 - Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (1):79–101.
  35.  16
    The Nature of Professional Training and Perceptions of Adequacy in Dealing With Sexual Feelings in Psychotherapy: Experiences of Clinical Faculty.Matt L. Riggs, Joseph Lovett & Cindy Paxton - 2001 - Ethics and Behavior 11 (2):175-189.
    How do therapists learn to manage sexual feelings in the therapeutic relationship in an ethical, responsible manner? Data from 293 university-based psychotherapists show that the minority who report that their training prepared them to do so "very well" were more likely to have received "content-specific" training related to the topic or an opportunity to explore themselves as sexual beings, or both. In addition, they had experience with supervisors who modeled the belief that sexual feelings are a normal, expected part of (...)
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  36.  88
    Koan Zen and Wittgenstein's Only Correct Method in Philosophy.Carl Hooper - 2007 - Asian Philosophy 17 (3):283 – 292.
    Koan Zen is a philosophical practice that bears a strong family resemblance to Wittgenstein's approach to philosophy. In this paper I hope to show that this resemblance is especially evident when we compare the Zen method of koan with Wittgenstein's suggestion, towards the end of his Tractatus, about what would constitute the only correct method in philosophy. Both koan Zen and Wittgenstein's method set limits to the reach of philosophical discourse. Each rules metaphysical speculation out of bounds. Neither, however, represents (...)
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  37.  20
    A Defence of Prudential Moralism.Benjamin Lovett - 2005 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):161–170.
    abstract Moralism is often charged with being ineffective, rude, hypocritical, and intolerant. This article challenges all of those claims, first using evidence from social science to argue that moralism can be effective in changing others’ behaviour, serving as a remedy against the important problems of moral ignorance and weakness of will. Next, the apparent problems of rudeness, hypocrisy, and intolerance are argued to be either illusory or overstated. Finally, examples of unethical moralism are reviewed and a prudential type of moralism (...)
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  38.  34
    The Scope of the Truthmakers Requirement.Adam Lovett - 2014 - Romanian Journal of Analytic Philosophy 8 (2):23-39.
    Truths require truthmakers, many think. In this paper I will discuss the scope of this requirement. Truthmaker maximalism is the claim that, necessarily, all truths require truthmakers. I shall argue against this claim. I shall argue against it on the basis of its implications. I shall first consider its implications when applied to synthetic, contingent propositions. If the truthmaker requirement applies to these propositions, so I shall argue, it is not possible for there to be nothing, and it is not (...)
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  39.  24
    Mindful Maths: Reducing the Impact of Stereotype Threat Through a Mindfulness Exercise.Ulrich W. Weger, Nic Hooper, Brian P. Meier & Tim Hopthrow - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):471-475.
    Individuals who experience stereotype threat – the pressure resulting from social comparisons that are perceived as unfavourable – show performance decrements across a wide range of tasks. One account of this effect is that the cognitive pressure triggered by such threat drains the same cognitive resources that are implicated in the respective task. The present study investigates whether mindfulness can be used to moderate stereotype threat, as mindfulness has previously been shown to alleviate working-memory load. Our results show that performance (...)
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  40.  13
    Current Views on Plato's Symposium - Destrée, Giannopoulou Plato's Symposium. A Critical Guide. Pp. X + 268. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. Cased, £64.99, Us$99.99. Isbn: 978-1-107-11005-2. [REVIEW]Anthony Hooper - 2018 - The Classical Review 68 (2):356-359.
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  41.  58
    Tobacco Regulation: Autonomy Up in Smoke?C. R. Hooper & Craig K. Agule - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (6):365-368.
    Over the past few decades, “Big Tobacco” has spread its tentacles across the developing world with devastating results. The global incidence of smoking has increased exponentially in Africa, Asia and South America and it is leading to an equally rapid increase in the incidence of smoking-induced morbidity and mortality on these continents. The World Health Organization (WHO) has tried to respond to this crisis by devising a set of regulations to limit the spread of smoking, and many countries have bound (...)
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  42.  81
    ACT-R: A Higher-Level Account of Processing Capacity.John R. Anderson, Christian Lebiere, Marsha Lovett & Lynne Reder - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):831-832.
    We present an account of processing capacity in the ACT-R theory. At the symbolic level, the number of chunks in the current goal provides a measure of relational complexity. At the subsymbolic level, limits on spreading activation, measured by the attentional parameter W, provide a theory of processing capacity, which has been applied to performance, learning, and individual differences data.
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  43.  15
    Host–Microbial Symbiosis in the Mammalian Intestine: Exploring an Internal Ecosystem.Lora V. Hooper, Lynn Bry, Per G. Falk & Jeffrey I. Gordon - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (4):336-343.
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  44.  20
    Individual Differences in the Moralization of Everyday Life.Benjamin J. Lovett, Alexander H. Jordan & Scott S. Wiltermuth - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (4):248-257.
    We report on the development and initial validation of the Moralization of Everyday Life Scale, designed to measure variations in people's assignment of moral weight to commonplace behaviors. In Study 1, participants reported their judgments for a large number of potential moral infractions in everyday life; principal components analysis revealed 6 main dimensions of these judgments. In Study 2, scores on the 30-item MELS showed high reliability and distinctness from the Big 5 personality traits. In Study 3, scores on the (...)
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  45.  63
    Aslan in Rome.Walter Hooper - 1987 - The Chesterton Review 13 (1):132-139.
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  46.  14
    Domination: A Preliminary Analysis.Francis N. Lovett - 2001 - The Monist 84 (1):98-112.
    The recent revival of civic republicanism has been grounded on a conception of liberty as non-domination. While this avenue of thought holds considerable promise, such a conception of liberty can only be as sound as the underlying concept of domination, and although the term appears frequently in the pages of contemporary political theory, unlike other basic concepts, domination has received remarkably little in the way of serious conceptual analysis. Indeed, one might be tempted to conclude that domination is not a (...)
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  47.  15
    eHealth Ethics: The Online Medical Marketplace and Emerging Ethical Issues.Bryan Liang, Timothy K. Mackey & Kimberly M. Lovett - 2011 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 2 (3):253-265.
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  48.  4
    A Defence of Prudential Moralism.Benjamin Lovett - 2005 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):161-170.
    abstract Moralism is often charged with being ineffective, rude, hypocritical, and intolerant. This article challenges all of those claims, first using evidence from social science to argue that moralism can be effective in changing others’ behaviour, serving as a remedy against the important problems of moral ignorance and weakness of will. Next, the apparent problems of rudeness, hypocrisy, and intolerance are argued to be either illusory or overstated. Finally, examples of unethical moralism are reviewed and a prudential type of moralism (...)
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  49.  7
    Fifth-Century Greek Inscriptions - Osborne, Rhodes Greek Historical Inscriptions 478–404 Bc. Pp. XXXVI + 629, Maps, Pls. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. Cased, £125, Us$170. Isbn: 978-0-19-957547-3. [REVIEW]Thomas Hooper - 2019 - The Classical Review 69 (1):192-194.
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  50.  9
    Network Models of Psychopathology and Comorbidity: Philosophical and Pragmatic Considerations.S. Brian Hood & Benjamin J. Lovett - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):159-160.
    Cramer et al.'s account of comorbidity comes with a substantive philosophical view concerning the nature of psychological disorders. Although the network account is responsive to problems with extant approaches, it faces several practical and conceptual challenges of its own, especially in cases where the individual differences in network structures require the analysis of intra-individual time-series data.
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