Results for 'Michael N. Mautner'

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Michael Mautner
Virginia Commonwealth University
  1. Life-Centered Ethics, and the Human Future in Space.Michael N. Mautner - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (8):433-440.
    In the future, human destiny may depend on our ethics. In particular, biotechnology and expansion in space can transform life, raising profound questions. Guidance may be found in Life-centered ethics, as biotic ethics that value the basic patterns of organic gene/protein life, and as panbiotic ethics that always seek to expand life. These life-centered principles can be based on scientific insights into the unique place of life in nature, and the biological unity of all life. Belonging to life then implies (...)
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  2. Systematizing the Theoretical Virtues.Michael N. Keas - 2017 - Synthese:1-33.
    There are at least twelve major virtues of good theories: evidential accuracy, causal adequacy, explanatory depth, internal consistency, internal coherence, universal coherence, beauty, simplicity, unification, durability, fruitfulness, and applicability. These virtues are best classified into four classes: evidential, coherential, aesthetic, and diachronic. Each virtue class contains at least three virtues that sequentially follow a repeating pattern of progressive disclosure and expansion. Systematizing the theoretical virtues in this manner clarifies each virtue and suggests how they might have a coordinated and cumulative (...)
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  3.  15
    Representing Word Meaning and Order Information in a Composite Holographic Lexicon.Michael N. Jones & Douglas J. K. Mewhort - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (1):1-37.
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  4.  38
    Hegel’s Idea of a ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’.Michael N. Forster - 1998 - University of Chicago Press.
    In Hegel's Idea of a Phenomenology of Spirit, Michael N. Forster advances an original reading of the work.
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  5.  29
    Emerging Ethical Issues Related to the Use of Brain-Computer Interfaces for Patients with Total Locked-in Syndrome.Michael N. Abbott & Steven L. Peck - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (2):235-242.
    New brain-computer interface and neuroimaging techniques are making differentiation less ambiguous and more accurate between unresponsive wakefulness syndrome patients and patients with higher cognitive function and awareness. As research into these areas continues to progress, new ethical issues will face physicians of patients suffering from total locked-in syndrome, characterized by complete loss of voluntary muscle control, with retention of cognitive function and awareness detectable only with neuroimaging and brain-computer interfaces. Physicians, researchers, ethicists and hospital ethics committees should be aware of (...)
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  6.  24
    Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - Princeton University Press.
    What is the nature of a conceptual scheme? Are there alternative conceptual schemes? If so, are some more justifiable or correct than others? The later Wittgenstein already addresses these fundamental philosophical questions under the general rubric of "grammar" and the question of its "arbitrariness"--and does so with great subtlety. This book explores Wittgenstein's views on these questions. Part I interprets his conception of grammar as a generalized version of Kant's transcendental idealist solution to a puzzle about necessity. It also seeks (...)
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  7.  99
    Kant and Skepticism.Michael N. Forster (ed.) - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    This book puts forward a much-needed reappraisal of Immanuel Kant's conception of and response to skepticism, as set forth principally in the Critique of Pure Reason. It is widely recognized that Kant's theoretical philosophy aims to answer skepticism and reform metaphysics--Michael Forster makes the controversial argument that those aims are closely linked. He distinguishes among three types of skepticism: "veil of perception" skepticism, which concerns the external world; Humean skepticism, which concerns the existence of a priori concepts and synthetic (...)
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  8.  49
    German Philosophy of Language: From Schlegel to Hegel and Beyond.Michael N. Forster - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    This book not only sets the historical record straight but also champions the Herderian tradition for its philosophical depth and breadth.
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  9.  2
    Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar.Michael N. Forster - 2005 - Princeton University Press.
    What is the nature of a conceptual scheme? Are there alternative conceptual schemes? If so, are some more justifiable or correct than others? The later Wittgenstein already addresses these fundamental philosophical questions under the general rubric of "grammar" and the question of its "arbitrariness"--and does so with great subtlety. This book explores Wittgenstein's views on these questions. Part I interprets his conception of grammar as a generalized version of Kant's transcendental idealist solution to a puzzle about necessity. It also seeks (...)
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  10.  40
    Hegel and Skepticism.Michael N. FORSTER - 1989 - Harvard University Press.
    This book should cause a re-evaluation of Hegel, and German Idealism generally, and contribute to a re-evaluation of the skeptical tradition in philosophy.
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  11.  21
    Hidden Processes in Structural Representations: A Reply to Abbott, Austerweil, and Griffiths.Michael N. Jones, Thomas T. Hills & Peter M. Todd - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (3):570-574.
  12.  43
    After Herder: Philosophy of Language in the German Tradition.Michael N. Forster - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    In the course of developing these historical points, this book also shows that Herder and his tradition are in many ways superior to dominant trends in more ...
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  13.  24
    [Book Review] Eyewitness to a Genocide, the United Nations and Rwanda. [REVIEW]Michael N. Barnett - 2002 - Ethics and International Affairs 16 (1):143-150.
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  14.  40
    Socrates' Demand for Definitions.Michael N. Forster - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 31:1-47.
  15. Kant's Philosophy of Language?Michael N. Forster - 2012 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 74 (3):485.
  16.  14
    Can Mathematics Education and History of Mathematics Coexist?Michael N. Fried - 2001 - Science & Education 10 (4):391-408.
  17.  11
    Hegel’s Idea of a ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’.Michael N. Forster - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (2):476-478.
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  18.  77
    Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experiences: Brain-State Phenomena or Glimpses of Immortality?Michael N. Marsh - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Discrediting 'mystical' or 'psychical' interpretations of out-of-body and near-death experiences, Michael Marsh demonstrates how these phenomena are explicable in terms of brain neurophysiology and its neuropathological disturbances, and discusses the theological and philosophical implications of his hypotheses.
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  19. On the Very Idea of Denying the Existence of Radically Different Conceptual Schemes.Michael N. Forster - 1998 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 41 (2):133 – 185.
    It has become very popular among philosophers to attempt to discredit, or at least set severe limits to, the thesis that there exist conceptual schemes radically different from ours. This fashion is misconceived. Philosophers have attempted to justify it in two main ways: by means of arguments which are a priorist relative to the relevant linguistic and textual evidence (and either independent of or based upon positive theories of meaning, understanding, and interpretation); and by means of arguments which are a (...)
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  20. Herder: Philosophical Writings.Michael N. Forster (ed.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Johann Gottfried von Herder is one of the most important German philosophers of the eighteenth century, who had enormous influence on later thinkers such as Hegel, Schleiermacher and Nietzsche. His wide-ranging ideas were formative in the development of linguistics, hermeneutics, anthropology and bible scholarship, and even today they retain their vitality and relevance to an extraordinary degree. This volume presents a translation of Herder's most important and characteristic philosophical writings in his areas of central interest, including philosophy of language, philosophy (...)
     
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  21.  11
    Optimal Foraging in Semantic Memory.Thomas T. Hills, Michael N. Jones & Peter M. Todd - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (2):431-440.
  22.  70
    Neural Computations That Underlie Decisions About Sensory Stimuli.Joshua I. Gold & Michael N. Shadlen - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (1):10-16.
  23.  3
    Introduction.Michael N. Forster - 2009 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton University Press. pp. 1-4.
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  24. Redundancy in Perceptual and Linguistic Experience: Comparing Feature-Based and Distributional Models of Semantic Representation.Brian Riordan & Michael N. Jones - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):303-345.
    Abstract Since their inception, distributional models of semantics have been criticized as inadequate cognitive theories of human semantic learning and representation. A principal challenge is that the representations derived by distributional models are purely symbolic and are not grounded in perception and action; this challenge has led many to favor feature-based models of semantic representation. We argue that the amount of perceptual and other semantic information that can be learned from purely distributional statistics has been underappreciated. We compare the representations (...)
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  25.  22
    The Wrath of Athena: Gods and Men in the Odyssey.Michael N. Nagler & J. S. Clay - 1985 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 105:178-178.
  26. Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century.Michael N. Forster & Kristin Gjesdal (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume constitutes the first collective critical study of German philosophy in the nineteenth century. A team of leading experts explore the influential figures associated with the period--including Hegel, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and Frege--and provide fresh accounts of the philosophical movements and key debates with which they engaged.
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  27.  8
    Odysseus: The Proem and the Problem.Michael N. Nagler - 1990 - Classical Antiquity 9 (2):335-356.
  28. Perceptual Inference Through Global Lexical Similarity.Brendan T. Johns & Michael N. Jones - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):103-120.
    The literature contains a disconnect between accounts of how humans learn lexical semantic representations for words. Theories generally propose that lexical semantics are learned either through perceptual experience or through exposure to regularities in language. We propose here a model to integrate these two information sources. Specifically, the model uses the global structure of memory to exploit the redundancy between language and perception in order to generate inferred perceptual representations for words with which the model has no perceptual experience. We (...)
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  29.  75
    Herder’s Philosophy of Language, Interpretation, and Translation: Three Fundamental Principles.Michael N. Forster - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):323 - 356.
    A GOOD CASE COULD BE MADE that Herder is the founder not only of the modern philosophy of language but also of the modern philosophy of interpretation and translation and that he has many things to say on these subjects from which we may still learn today. This essay will not attempt to make such a case, but it will be concerned with some aspects of Herder’s position that would be central to it: three fundamental principles in his philosophy of (...)
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  30. Hermeneutics.Michael N. Forster - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Michael Rosen (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Continental Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    For the purpose of this article, "hermeneutics" means the theory of interpretation, i.e. the theory of achieving an understanding of texts, utterances, and so on (it does not mean a certain twentieth-century philosophical movement). Hermeneutics in this sense has a long history, reaching back at least as far as ancient Greece. However, new focus was brought to bear on it in the modern period, in the wake of the Reformation with its displacement of responsibility for interpreting the Bible from the (...)
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  31.  15
    Catholic Priests' Knowledge of Pastoral Codes of Conduct in the United States.Michael N. Kane - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior:150527093230007.
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  32.  12
    Homer. The Iliad.Michael N. Nagler & M. S. Silk - 1988 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 108:217-218.
  33.  32
    History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education.Michael N. Fried - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 669-703.
    This paper surveys central justifications and approaches adopted by educators interested in incorporating history of mathematics into mathematics teaching and learning. This interest itself has historical roots and different historical manifestations; these roots are examined as well in the paper. The paper also asks what it means for history of mathematics to be treated as genuine historical knowledge rather than a tool for teaching other kinds of mathematical knowledge. If, however, history of mathematics is not subordinated to the ideas and (...)
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  34.  23
    Catholic Priests' Knowledge of Pastoral Codes of Conduct in the United States.Michael N. Kane - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (3):199-213.
    This exploratory study investigated Catholic priests' knowledge and perceptions of pastoral codes of conduct and their perceptions about the processes for reporting misconduct. Overall, respondents understood that they had to breach confidentiality when parishioners divulged a threat to harm self or others or when there was an allegation of misconduct involving a colleague. Fewer respondents understood that information received in spiritual counseling or spiritual direction must be maintained confidentially. Respondents were aware that their codes of pastoral conduct offered guidance about (...)
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  35.  10
    Eine Revolution in der Philosophie der Sprache, der Linguistik, der Hermeneutik Und der Übersetzungstheorie Im Späten 18. Und Frühen 19. Jahrhundert: Deutsche Und Französische Beiträge. [REVIEW]Michael N. Forster - 2015 - In Adriana Serban & Larisa Cercel (eds.), Friedrich Schleiermacher and the Question of Translation. De Gruyter. pp. 23-40.
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  36. Michael N. Forster, Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. [REVIEW]Michael Hymers - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (2):104-106.
     
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  37. Herder and Spinoza.Michael N. Forster - unknown
    What was the source of this great flowering? Much of the credit for it has tended to go to Jacobi and Mendelssohn, who in 1785 began a famous public dispute concerning the question whether or not Lessing had been a Spinozist, as Jacobi alleged Lessing had admitted to him shortly before his death in 1781. But Jacobi and Mendelssohn were both negatively disposed towards Spinoza. In On the Doctrine of Spinoza in Letters to Mr.
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  38.  86
    Herder's Importance As a Philosopher.Michael N. Forster - unknown
    Herder has been sufficiently neglected in recent times, especially among philosophers, to need a few words of introduction. He lived 1744-1803; he was a favorite student of Kant's, and a student and friend of Hamann's; he became a mentor to the young Goethe, on whose development he exercised a profound influence; and he worked, among other things, as a philosopher, literary critic, Bible scholar, and translator. As I mentioned, Herder has been especially neglected by philosophers. This.
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  39.  36
    Unravelling Intention: Distal Intentions Increase the Subjective Sense of Agency.Mikkel C. Vinding, Michael N. Pedersen & Morten Overgaard - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):810-815.
    Experimental studies investigating the contribution of conscious intention to the generation of a sense of agency for one’s own actions tend to rely upon a narrow definition of intention. Often it is operationalized as the conscious sensation of wanting to move right before movement. Existing results and discussion are therefore missing crucial aspects of intentions, namely intention as the conscious sensation of wanting to move in advance of the movement. In the present experiment we used an intentional binding paradigm, in (...)
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  40.  8
    Effects of Masking Tasks on Differential Eyelid Conditioning: A Distinction Between Knowledge of Stimulus Contingencies and Attentional or Cognitive Activities Involving Them.Michael N. Nelson & Leonard E. Ross - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):1.
  41.  61
    Michael N. Magin: Ethos Und Logos in der Medizin. Das Anthropologische Verhaltnis von Krankheitsbegriff Und Medizinischer Ethik, Alber Verlag, Freiburg, Munich, 1981, 348 Pp. [REVIEW]H. -M. Sass - 1983 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (2):203-205.
  42.  7
    Appendix. The Philosophical Investigations.Michael N. Forster - 2009 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton University Press. pp. 189-192.
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  43.  31
    Quantity and Diversity: Simulating Early Word Learning Environments.Jessica L. Montag, Michael N. Jones & Linda B. Smith - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S2):375-412.
    The words in children's language learning environments are strongly predictive of cognitive development and school achievement. But how do we measure language environments and do so at the scale of the many words that children hear day in, day out? The quantity and quality of words in a child's input are typically measured in terms of total amount of talk and the lexical diversity in that talk. There are disagreements in the literature whether amount or diversity is the more critical (...)
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  44.  24
    Does Collectivism Affect Environmental Ethics? A Multi-Level Study of Top Management Teams From Chemical Firms in China.Xinran Wang & Michael N. Young - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (3):387-394.
    This study tests the effects of top management team member collectivistic values and TMT dissatisfaction with the financial situation on the environmental ethics of TMT members. We also examine the moderating effect of collectivistic values on the relationship between financial dissatisfaction and environmental ethics. Analyses of multi-level and source data show that financial dissatisfaction of the TMT negatively affects TMT members’ environmental ethics. However, TMT members’ individual collectivism can increase TMT members’ environmental ethics. Analyses also show that TMT members’ collectivism (...)
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  45.  13
    The Implicit Rules of Combat.Gorge A. Romero, Michael N. Pham & Aaron T. Goetz - 2014 - Human Nature 25 (4):496-516.
  46.  8
    Hegel and Skepticism.Arthur Tubb & Michael N. Forster - 1991 - British Journal of Educational Studies 39 (2):230.
  47.  19
    Michael N. Fried;, Sabetai Unguru. Apollonius of Perga's Conica: Text, Context, Subtext. Xii + 499 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Leiden: Brill, 2001. $122. [REVIEW]Fabio Acerbi - 2009 - Isis 100 (3):646-647.
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  48.  7
    New Perspectives on the Aging Lexicon.Dirk U. Wulff, Simon De Deyne, Michael N. Jones & Rui Mata - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (8):686-698.
  49.  24
    The Relationship Between Objective Sperm Competition Risk and Men’s Copulatory Interest Is Moderated by Partner’s Time Spent with Other Men.Michael N. Pham & Todd K. Shackelford - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (4):476-485.
    Men who spend a greater proportion of time apart from their female partner since the couple’s last copulation are at greater “objective” sperm competition risk. We propose a novel cue to sperm competition risk: the time she spends with her male friends. Four hundred and twenty men in a committed, heterosexual, sexual relationship completed a questionnaire. The results indicate that men at greater objective sperm competition risk report less time desired until the couple’s next copulation, greater interest in copulating with (...)
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  50. Michael N. Forster, Lina Steiner (eds.), Romanticism, Philosophy, and Literature London, Palgrave MacMillan, 2020, pp. XVIII + 374. [REVIEW]Silvia Pieroni - 2021 - Studi di Estetica 19.
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