Results for 'Patricia A. McKenna'

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  1.  37
    The Mere Exposure Effect is Differentially Sensitive to Different Judgment Tasks.John G. Seamon, Patricia A. McKenna & Neil Binder - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (1):85-102.
    The mere exposure effect is the increase in positive affect that results from the repeated exposure to previously novel stimuli. We sought to determine if judgments other than affective preference could reliably produce a mere exposure effect for two-dimensional random shapes. In two experiments, we found that brighter and darker judgments did not differentiate target from distracter shapes, liking judgments led to target selection greater than chance, and disliking judgments led to distracter selection greater than chance. These results for brighter, (...)
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  2.  37
    Frege's Conception of Logic.Patricia A. Blanchette - 2012 - Oxford, England: Oup Usa.
    In Frege's Conception of Logic Patricia A. Blanchette explores the relationship between Gottlob Frege's understanding of conceptual analysis and his understanding of logic.
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  3.  24
    Hopeful and Concerned: Public Input on Building a Trustworthy Medical Information Commons.Patricia A. Deverka, Dierdre Gilmore, Jennifer Richmond, Zachary Smith, Rikki Mangrum, Barbara A. Koenig, Robert Cook-Deegan, Angela G. Villanueva, Mary A. Majumder & Amy L. McGuire - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):70-87.
    A medical information commons is a networked data environment utilized for research and clinical applications. At three deliberations across the U.S., we engaged 75 adults in two-day facilitated discussions on the ethical and social issues inherent to sharing data with an MIC. Deliberants made recommendations regarding opt-in consent, transparent data policies, public representation on MIC governing boards, and strict data security and privacy protection. Community engagement is critical to earning the public's trust.
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  4.  68
    A Theory of Reading: From Eye Fixations to Comprehension.Marcel A. Just & Patricia A. Carpenter - 1980 - Psychological Review 87 (4):329-354.
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  5.  62
    Voluntary Participation and Comprehension of Informed Consent in a Genetic Epidemiological Study of Breast Cancer in Nigeria.Patricia A. Marshall, Clement A. Adebamowo, Adebowale A. Adeyemo, Temidayo O. Ogundiran, Teri Strenski, Jie Zhou & Charles N. Rotimi - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):38.
    Studies on informed consent to medical research conducted in low or middle-income settings have increased, including empirical investigations of consent to genetic research. We investigated voluntary participation and comprehension of informed consent among women involved in a genetic epidemiological study on breast cancer in an urban setting of Nigeria comparing women in the case and control groups.
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  6.  17
    What One Intelligence Test Measures: A Theoretical Account of the Processing in the Raven Progressive Matrices Test.Patricia A. Carpenter, Marcel A. Just & Peter Shell - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (3):404-431.
  7.  25
    A Capacity Theory of Comprehension: Individual Differences in Working Memory.Marcel A. Just & Patricia A. Carpenter - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (1):122-149.
  8.  19
    Sentence Comprehension: A Psycholinguistic Processing Model of Verification.Patricia A. Carpenter & Marcel A. Just - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (1):45-73.
  9.  11
    A Feminist Case for the Decolonial: Research and Teaching Notes.Patricia A. Schechter - 2017 - Feminist Studies 43 (3):646.
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  10.  34
    Stick to the Script: The Effect of Witnessing Multiple Actors on Children’s Imitation.Patricia A. Herrmann, Cristine H. Legare, Paul L. Harris & Harvey Whitehouse - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):536-543.
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  11. Frege and Hilbert on Consistency.Patricia A. Blanchette - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (7):317-336.
  12. Frege on Consistency and Conceptual Analysis.Patricia A. Blanchette - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (3):321-346.
    Gottlob Frege famously rejects the methodology for consistency and independence proofs offered by David Hilbert in the latter's Foundations of Geometry. The present essay defends against recent criticism the view that this rejection turns on Frege's understanding of logical entailment, on which the entailment relation is sensitive to the contents of non-logical terminology. The goals are (a) to clarify further Frege's understanding of logic and of the role of conceptual analysis in logical investigation, and (b) to point out the extent (...)
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  13.  6
    A Model of the Perceptual and Conceptual Processes in Graph Comprehension.Patricia A. Carpenter & Priti Shah - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 4 (2):75-100.
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  14.  31
    Seeing Ourselves as Moral Agents in Relation to Our Organizational and Sociopolitical Contexts: Commentary on “A Reflection on Moral Distress in Nursing Together With a Current Application of the Concept” by Andrew Jameton.Patricia A. Rodney - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):313-315.
  15. Models and Modality.Patricia A. Blanchette - 2000 - Synthese 124 (1-2):45-72.
    This paper examines the connection between model-theoretic truth and necessary truth. It is argued that though the model-theoretic truths of some standard languages are demonstrably ''''necessary'''' (in a precise sense), the widespread view of model-theoretic truth as providing a general guarantee of necessity is mistaken. Several arguments to the contrary are criticized.
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  16.  26
    Frege on Formality and the 1906 Independence-Test.Patricia A. Blanchette - 2014 - In Godehard Link (ed.), Formalism and Beyond: On the Nature of Mathematical Discourse. De Gruyter. pp. 97-118.
  17.  49
    Frege's Reduction.Patricia A. Blanchette - 1994 - History and Philosophy of Logic 15 (1):85-103.
    This paper defends the view that Frege’s reduction of arithmetic to logic would, if successful, have shown that arithmetical knowledge is analytic in essentially Kant’s sense. It is argued, as against Paul Benacerraf, that Frege’s apparent acceptance of multiple reductions is compatible with this epistemological thesis. The importance of this defense is that (a) it clarifies the role of proof, definition, and analysis in Frege’s logicist works; and (b) it demonstrates that the Fregean style of reduction is a valuable tool (...)
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  18.  55
    Advocating an Ethical Memory Model for Artificial Companions From a Human-Centred Perspective.Patricia A. Vargas, Ylva Fernaeus, Mei Yii Lim, Sibylle Enz, Wan Chin Ho, Mattias Jacobsson & Ruth Ayllet - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (4):329-337.
    This paper considers the ethical implications of applying three major ethical theories to the memory structure of an artificial companion that might have different embodiments such as a physical robot or a graphical character on a hand-held device. We start by proposing an ethical memory model and then make use of an action-centric framework to evaluate its ethical implications. The case that we discuss is that of digital artefacts that autonomously record and store user data, where this data are used (...)
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  19.  35
    Peirce's Logic of Discovery: Abduction and the Universal Categories.Patricia A. Turrisi - 1990 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 26 (4):465 - 497.
  20.  14
    Bioethics and the Whole: Pluralism, Consensus, and the Transmutation of Bioethical Methods Into Gold.Patricia A. Martin - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):316-327.
    In 1785, George Washington described a “knowing farmer” as “one who can convert every thing he touches into manure, as the first transmutation towards Gold.” With these words, Washington linked the “knowing farmer” to the alchemist who endeavored to transform base metals into gold with the aid of a philosopher's stone. In each instance, the challenge was to convert raw materials into something new and precious.Today, the “knowing bioethicist” is in a similar position. American bioethics harbors a variety of ethical (...)
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  21.  15
    The Dangers of Difference.Patricia A. King - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (6):35-38.
  22.  22
    Protecting Communities in Biomedical Research.Patricia A. Marshall & Jessica W. Berg - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):28 – 30.
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  23.  54
    Sorting Out the Concept Disorder.Patricia A. Ross - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (2):115-140.
    . Current debates concerning the concept of mental disorder involve many different philosophical issues. However, it is not always clear from these discussions how, or whether, these issues relate to one another, or in exactly what way they are important for the definition of disorder. This article aims to sort through some of the philosophical issues that arise in the current literature and provide a clarification of how these issues are related to one another and whether they are necessary for (...)
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  24.  81
    Human Rights,Cultural Pluralism, and International Health Research.Patricia A. Marshall - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (6):529-557.
    In the field of bioethics, scholars have begun to consider carefully the impact of structural issues on global population health, including socioeconomic and political factors influencing the disproportionate burden of disease throughout the world. Human rights and social justice are key considerations for both population health and biomedical research. In this paper, I will briefly explore approaches to human rights in bioethics and review guidelines for ethical conduct in international health research, focusing specifically on health research conducted in resource-poor settings. (...)
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  25. Marketing Human Organs: The Autonomy Paradox.Patricia A. Marshall, David C. Thomasma & Abdallah S. Daar - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (1).
    The severe shortage of organs for transplantation and the continual reluctance of the public to voluntarily donate has prompted consideration of alternative strategies for organ procurement. This paper explores the development of market approaches for procuring human organs for transplantation and considers the social and moral implications of organ donation as both a gift of life and a commodity exchange. The problematic and paradoxical articulation of individual autonomy in relation to property rights and marketing human body parts is addressed. We (...)
     
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  26.  3
    Bioethics and the Whole: Pluralism, Consensus, and the Transmutation of Bioethical Methods Into Gold.Patricia A. Martin - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):316-327.
    In 1785, George Washington described a “knowing farmer” as “one who can convert every thing he touches into manure, as the first transmutation towards Gold.” With these words, Washington linked the “knowing farmer” to the alchemist who endeavored to transform base metals into gold with the aid of a philosopher's stone. In each instance, the challenge was to convert raw materials into something new and precious.Today, the “knowing bioethicist” is in a similar position. American bioethics harbors a variety of ethical (...)
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  27.  13
    When Humans Become Animals: Development of the Animal Category in Early Childhood.Patricia A. Herrmann, Douglas L. Medin & Sandra R. Waxman - 2012 - Cognition 122 (1):74-79.
  28.  16
    Moving From Conceptual Ambiguity to Knowledgeable Action: Using a Critical Realist Approach to Studying Moral Distress.Lynn C. Musto & Patricia A. Rodney - 2016 - Nursing Philosophy 17 (2):75-87.
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  29.  12
    Cognitive Coordinate Systems: Accounts of Mental Rotation and Individual Differences in Spatial Ability.Marcel A. Just & Patricia A. Carpenter - 1985 - Psychological Review 92 (2):137-172.
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  30.  26
    Paradigms and Processes in Reading Comprehension.Marcel A. Just, Patricia A. Carpenter & Jacqueline D. Woolley - 1982 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 111 (2):228-238.
  31.  33
    PATRICIA A. BLANCHETTE. Frege's Conception of Logic. Oxford University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-19-926925-9 . Pp. Xv + 256. [REVIEW]Roy T. Cook - 2014 - Philosophia Mathematica 22 (1):108-120.
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  32.  80
    Patricia A. Blanchette. Frege's Conception of Logic. Oxford University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-19-926925-9 (Hbk). Pp. Xv + 256. [REVIEW]Roy T. Cook - 2013 - Philosophia Mathematica (1):nkt029.
  33.  56
    The Problem of Evil: A Solution From Science.Patricia A. Williams - 2001 - Zygon 36 (3):563-574.
    In this essay, I attempt to solve the problem of the existence of evil in a world created by an omniscient, omnibenevolent, omnipotent God. I conclude that evil exists because God wanted to create moral creatures. Because choice is necessary for morality, God created creatures with enormous capacities for choice—and therefore enormous capacities for evil. Material creatures are subject to pain and death because, for such creatures, moral choices are deeply serious. The laws that underlie the material world and from (...)
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  34.  2
    Ancient Epistolary Fictions: The Letter in Greek Literature.Patricia A. Rosenmeyer - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    A comprehensive look at fictive letters in Greek literature from Homer to Philostratus, first published in 2001. It includes both embedded epistolary narratives in a variety of genres, and works consisting solely of letters, such as the pseudonymous letter collections and the invented letters of the Second Sophistic. The book challenges the notion that Ovid 'invented' the fictional letter form in his Heroides and considers a wealth of Greek antecedents for the later European epistolary novel tradition. Epistolary technique always problematizes (...)
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  35. The Role of Distributional Information in Linguistic Category Formation.Patricia A. Reeder, Elissa L. Newport & Richard N. Aslin - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2564--2569.
  36.  77
    Frege On Shared Belief and Total Functions.Patricia A. Blanchette - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy 109 (1-2):9-39.
  37.  2
    Clinical Integration of Next Generation Sequencing: Coverage and Reimbursement Challenges.Patricia A. Deverka & Jennifer C. Dreyfus - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (s1):22-41.
    Clinical next generation sequencing is a term that refers to a variety of technologies that permit rapid sequencing of large numbers of DNA segments, up to and including entire genomes. As an approach that is playing an increasingly important role in obtaining genetic information from patients, it may be viewed by public and private payers either positively, as an enabler of the promised benefits of personalized medicine, or as “the perfect storm” resulting from the confluence of high market demand, an (...)
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  38.  56
    Confusion in Cladism.Patricia A. Williams - 1992 - Synthese 91 (1-2):135 - 152.
    In Phylogenetic Systematics (1966), Willi Hennig conflates the Linnaean hierarchy with what Hennig refers to as the divisional hierarchy. In doing so, he lays the foundations of that school of biological taxonomy known as cladism on a philosophically ambiguous basis. This paper compares and contrasts the two hierarchies and demonstrates that Hennig conflates them. It shows that Hennig's followers also conflate them. Finally, it illuminates five persistent problems in cladism by suggesting that they arise from Hennig's original confusion.
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  39.  38
    Introduction: Sharing Data in a Medical Information Commons.Amy L. McGuire, Mary A. Majumder, Angela G. Villanueva, Jessica Bardill, Juli M. Bollinger, Eric Boerwinkle, Tania Bubela, Patricia A. Deverka, Barbara J. Evans, Nanibaa' A. Garrison, David Glazer, Melissa M. Goldstein, Henry T. Greely, Scott D. Kahn, Bartha M. Knoppers, Barbara A. Koenig, J. Mark Lambright, John E. Mattison, Christopher O'Donnell, Arti K. Rai, Laura L. Rodriguez, Tania Simoncelli, Sharon F. Terry, Adrian M. Thorogood, Michael S. Watson, John T. Wilbanks & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):12-20.
    Drawing on a landscape analysis of existing data-sharing initiatives, in-depth interviews with expert stakeholders, and public deliberations with community advisory panels across the U.S., we describe features of the evolving medical information commons. We identify participant-centricity and trustworthiness as the most important features of an MIC and discuss the implications for those seeking to create a sustainable, useful, and widely available collection of linked resources for research and other purposes.
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  40.  13
    Sex and Practice Distribution Effects in Children.Patricia A. Resick & R. B. Payne - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (6):380-382.
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  41.  16
    Mature Counterfactual Reasoning in 4- and 5-Year-Olds.Angela Nyhout & Patricia A. Ganea - 2019 - Cognition 183:57-66.
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  42.  15
    Novel Words in Novel Contexts: The Role of Distributional Information in Formclass Category Learning.Patricia A. Reeder, Elissa L. Newport & Richard N. Aslin - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2063--2068.
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  43.  33
    Kant's Theory of Philosophical Proof.Patricia A. Crawford - 1962 - Kant-Studien 53 (1-4):257-268.
  44.  13
    Catherine A. McKenna, Ed. And Trans., The Medieval Welsh Religious Lyric: Poems of the “Gogynfeirdd,” 1137–1282. Belmont, Mass.: Ford & Bailie, 1991. Pp. Xvii, 241. $37.50.John Koch - 1995 - Speculum 70 (3):658-660.
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  45.  11
    The Role of Participants in a Medical Information Commons.Mary A. Majumder, Juli M. Bollinger, Angela G. Villanueva, Patricia A. Deverka & Barbara A. Koenig - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):51-61.
    Meaningful participant engagement has been identified as a key contributor to the success of efforts to share data via a “Medical Information Commons”. We present findings from expert stakeholder interviews aimed at understanding barriers to engagement and the appropriate role of MIC participants. Although most interviewees supported engagement, they distinguished between individual versus collective forms. They also noted challenges including representation and perceived inefficiency, prompting reflection on political aspects of engagement and efficiency concerns.
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  46.  17
    Girls at Lay in Early Greek Poetry.Patricia A. Rosenmeyer - 2004 - American Journal of Philology 125 (2):163-178.
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  47.  26
    Knowledge and Beliefs of Nurse Researchers About Informed Consent Principles and Regulations.Patricia A. Higgins & Barbara J. Daly - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (6):663-671.
    We examined differences in the knowledge and beliefs that exist among nurse researchers in the USA (n = 119) regarding informed consent and the use of data from patients’ medical records. Using a mail survey, two domains of ethical knowledge and beliefs were assessed: the legal right to privacy and the moral right to privacy. More than half of the participants were very confident in their knowledge of institutional review board procedures, research ethics, informed consent, the legal right to privacy, (...)
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  48.  2
    Identifying People's Genes: Ethical Aspects of DNA Sampling in Populations.Patricia A. Baird - 1994 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 38 (2):159-166.
  49.  40
    Neoliberalism and Education: An Introduction.Richard D. Lakes & Patricia A. Carter - 2011 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 47 (2):107-110.
  50.  9
    The Unexpected Guests: Patterns of Xenia in Callimachus' 'Victoria Berenices' and Petronius' Satyricon.Patricia A. Rosenmeyer - 1991 - Classical Quarterly 41 (02):403-.
    Much of the fascination that Petronius' Satyricon holds for its readers originates in the work's gleeful violation of traditional categories of classical genres. Critical terminology makes explicit the issue of unconventionality, as it is reduced to the neutral word ‘work’ in describing the Satyricon, which, as far as we can tell, belongs to no single category , but appropriates elements from many sources in both poetry and prose. Perhaps if we had more evidence with which to compare the work, such (...)
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