Results for 'Patricia A. McKenna'

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  1.  43
    The mere exposure effect is differentially sensitive to different judgment tasks.John G. Seamon, Patricia A. McKenna & Neil Binder - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (1):85-102.
    The mere exposure effect is the increase in positive affect that results from the repeated exposure to previously novel stimuli. We sought to determine if judgments other than affective preference could reliably produce a mere exposure effect for two-dimensional random shapes. In two experiments, we found that brighter and darker judgments did not differentiate target from distracter shapes, liking judgments led to target selection greater than chance, and disliking judgments led to distracter selection greater than chance. These results for brighter, (...)
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  2.  9
    Human specialization in design and technology: the current wave for learning, culture, industry, and beyond.Patricia A. Young - 2021 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Human Specialization in Design and Technology explores emerging trends in learning and training-standardization, customization, personalization-with a unique focus on human needs and conditions. Analyzing evidence from current academic research as well as the popular press, this concise volume defines and examines the trajectory of instructional design and technologies toward more human-centered and specialized products, services, processes, environments, and systems. Examples from education, healthcare, business, and other sectors offer real-world demonstrations for scholars and graduate students of educational technology, instructional design, ICT, (...)
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  3.  16
    Ethical decision-making: case in organization and leadership.Patricia A. Mitchell (ed.) - 2019 - Gorham, Maine: Myers Education Press.
    This text provides a unique collection of case studies across a wide range of organizations (higher education, K-12 education, military, state and local government administration, non-profit institutions, and agency management, etc.). These cases examine ethical decision-making and organizational and leadership behavioral concepts that are practiced in these organizations. The cases cover topics facing our workforce today and ask the reader to solve the dilemma. Through a discussion of these cases, students apply decision making and organizational and leadership strategies to analyze (...)
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  4.  10
    Family Members’ Requests to Extend Physiologic Support after Declaration of Brain Death: A Case Series Analysis and Proposed Guidelines for Clinical Management.Patricia A. Mayer, Martin L. Smith & Anne Lederman Flamm - 2014 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 25 (3):222-237.
    We describe and analyze 13 cases handled by our ethics consultation service (ECS) in which families requested continuation of physiological support for loved ones after death by neurological criteria (DNC) had been declared. These ethics consultations took place between 2005 and 2013. Patients’ ages ranged from 14 to 85. Continued mechanical ventilation was the focal intervention sought by all families. The ECS’s advice and recommendations generally promoted “reasonable accommodation” of the requests, balancing compassion for grieving families with other ethical and (...)
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  5.  30
    What one intelligence test measures: A theoretical account of the processing in the Raven Progressive Matrices Test.Patricia A. Carpenter, Marcel A. Just & Peter Shell - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (3):404-431.
  6. Frege and Hilbert on Consistency.Patricia A. Blanchette - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (7):317-336.
  7.  46
    Stick to the script: The effect of witnessing multiple actors on children’s imitation.Patricia A. Herrmann, Cristine H. Legare, Paul L. Harris & Harvey Whitehouse - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):536-543.
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  8.  26
    Sentence comprehension: A psycholinguistic processing model of verification.Patricia A. Carpenter & Marcel A. Just - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (1):45-73.
  9. Frege on Consistency and Conceptual Analysis.Patricia A. Blanchette - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (3):321-346.
    Gottlob Frege famously rejects the methodology for consistency and independence proofs offered by David Hilbert in the latter's Foundations of Geometry. The present essay defends against recent criticism the view that this rejection turns on Frege's understanding of logical entailment, on which the entailment relation is sensitive to the contents of non-logical terminology. The goals are (a) to clarify further Frege's understanding of logic and of the role of conceptual analysis in logical investigation, and (b) to point out the extent (...)
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  10. Models and modality.Patricia A. Blanchette - 2000 - Synthese 124 (1-2):45-72.
    This paper examines the connection between model-theoretic truth and necessary truth. It is argued that though the model-theoretic truths of some standard languages are demonstrably ''''necessary'''' (in a precise sense), the widespread view of model-theoretic truth as providing a general guarantee of necessity is mistaken. Several arguments to the contrary are criticized.
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  11.  41
    Peirce's Logic of Discovery: Abduction and the Universal Categories.Patricia A. Turrisi - 1990 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 26 (4):465 - 497.
  12.  37
    Hopeful and Concerned: Public Input on Building a Trustworthy Medical Information Commons.Patricia A. Deverka, Dierdre Gilmore, Jennifer Richmond, Zachary Smith, Rikki Mangrum, Barbara A. Koenig, Robert Cook-Deegan, Angela G. Villanueva, Mary A. Majumder & Amy L. McGuire - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):70-87.
    A medical information commons is a networked data environment utilized for research and clinical applications. At three deliberations across the U.S., we engaged 75 adults in two-day facilitated discussions on the ethical and social issues inherent to sharing data with an MIC. Deliberants made recommendations regarding opt-in consent, transparent data policies, public representation on MIC governing boards, and strict data security and privacy protection. Community engagement is critical to earning the public's trust.
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  13.  66
    Frege's reduction.Patricia A. Blanchette - 1994 - History and Philosophy of Logic 15 (1):85-103.
    This paper defends the view that Frege’s reduction of arithmetic to logic would, if successful, have shown that arithmetical knowledge is analytic in essentially Kant’s sense. It is argued, as against Paul Benacerraf, that Frege’s apparent acceptance of multiple reductions is compatible with this epistemological thesis. The importance of this defense is that (a) it clarifies the role of proof, definition, and analysis in Frege’s logicist works; and (b) it demonstrates that the Fregean style of reduction is a valuable tool (...)
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  14.  44
    Frege on Formality and the 1906 Independence-Test.Patricia A. Blanchette - 2014 - In Godehard Link (ed.), Formalism and Beyond: On the Nature of Mathematical Discourse. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 97-118.
  15.  73
    Voluntary participation and comprehension of informed consent in a genetic epidemiological study of breast cancer in Nigeria.Patricia A. Marshall, Clement A. Adebamowo, Adebowale A. Adeyemo, Temidayo O. Ogundiran, Teri Strenski, Jie Zhou & Charles N. Rotimi - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):38.
    Studies on informed consent to medical research conducted in low or middle-income settings have increased, including empirical investigations of consent to genetic research. We investigated voluntary participation and comprehension of informed consent among women involved in a genetic epidemiological study on breast cancer in an urban setting of Nigeria comparing women in the case and control groups.
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  16.  60
    The significance of the Culture Based Model in designing culturally aware tutoring systems.Patricia A. Young - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (1):35-47.
    Designing for culture through intelligent tutoring systems is on the rise. The needs of military personnel to communicate and understand cultures other than their own in deployments, missions, and work-related assignments have strongly encouraged the creation of culturally aware tutoring systems (CATS) that teach about other cultures. This paper critically analyzes three systems (i.e., ELECT-BiLAT, Tactical Iraqi, and VECTOR) and the frameworks that guided the design and development process. The examination reveals that there is a need for comprehensive guidelines to (...)
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  17.  18
    Sojourners of Truth: Five Women’s Stories of Triumph, Tribulation, and Teaching in Academia.Patricia A. Young, Carolina Serna, Esperanza De La Vega, Leslie R. Charlton & Myriam Casimir - 2020 - Educational Studies 56 (5):537-554.
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  18. Logical consequence.Patricia A. Blanchette - 2001 - In Lou Goble (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Philosophical Logic. Blackwell. pp. 2001--115.
  19.  12
    Ethical challenges in caring for children with chronic pain.Patricia A. McGrath & Danielle A. Ruskin - 2006 - In B. L. Gant & M. E. Schatman (eds.), Ethical Issues in Chronic Pain Management. pp. 63--78.
  20.  21
    The Dangers of Difference.Patricia A. King - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (6):35-38.
  21.  21
    When humans become animals: Development of the animal category in early childhood.Patricia A. Herrmann, Douglas L. Medin & Sandra R. Waxman - 2012 - Cognition 122 (1):74-79.
  22.  35
    Effect of piracetam on one-way active avoidance in rats with medial thalamic lesions.Patricia A. Abbott & Larry W. Means - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (3):158-160.
  23. Analogical reasoning and early mathematics learning.Patricia A. Alexander, C. Stephen White & Martha Daugherty - 1997 - In Lyn D. English (ed.), Mathematical Reasoning: Analogies, Metaphors, and Images. L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 117--147.
  24.  23
    A Feminist Case for the Decolonial: Research and Teaching Notes.Patricia A. Schechter - 2017 - Feminist Studies 43 (3):646.
    Abstract:This essay suggests that the word decolonial offers analytic power for feminist historians of women. As a category, it creates interpretive space for female experience beyond the elite/subaltern binary, where arguably most women live and work in the modern period. As a reading practice, the decolonial fosters intellectual awareness of social and intellectual practices that neither address the state, as in “anti-imperialism,” nor proffer counter nationalism or counter racialization as responses to coloniality. Offering examples from the archive, the media, and (...)
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  25.  9
    Ancient Epistolary Fictions: The Letter in Greek Literature.Patricia A. Rosenmeyer - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    A comprehensive look at fictive letters in Greek literature from Homer to Philostratus, first published in 2001. It includes both embedded epistolary narratives in a variety of genres, and works consisting solely of letters, such as the pseudonymous letter collections and the invented letters of the Second Sophistic. The book challenges the notion that Ovid 'invented' the fictional letter form in his Heroides and considers a wealth of Greek antecedents for the later European epistolary novel tradition. Epistolary technique always problematizes (...)
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  26.  36
    Seeing Ourselves as Moral Agents in Relation to Our Organizational and Sociopolitical Contexts: Commentary on “A Reflection on Moral Distress in Nursing Together With a Current Application of the Concept” by Andrew Jameton.Patricia A. Rodney - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):313-315.
  27.  17
    Bioethics and the Whole: Pluralism, Consensus, and the Transmutation of Bioethical Methods into Gold.Patricia A. Martin - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):316-327.
    In 1785, George Washington described a “knowing farmer” as “one who can convert every thing he touches into manure, as the first transmutation towards Gold.” With these words, Washington linked the “knowing farmer” to the alchemist who endeavored to transform base metals into gold with the aid of a philosopher's stone. In each instance, the challenge was to convert raw materials into something new and precious.Today, the “knowing bioethicist” is in a similar position. American bioethics harbors a variety of ethical (...)
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  28.  63
    Sorting out the concept disorder.Patricia A. Ross - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (2):115-140.
    . Current debates concerning the concept of mental disorder involve many different philosophical issues. However, it is not always clear from these discussions how, or whether, these issues relate to one another, or in exactly what way they are important for the definition of disorder. This article aims to sort through some of the philosophical issues that arise in the current literature and provide a clarification of how these issues are related to one another and whether they are necessary for (...)
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  29. Axioms in Frege.Patricia A. Blanchette - 2019 - In Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg (eds.), Essays on Frege's Basic Laws of Arithmetic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  30. The role of distributional information in linguistic category formation.Patricia A. Reeder, Elissa L. Newport & Richard N. Aslin - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2564--2569.
  31.  16
    Bioethics and the Whole: Pluralism, Consensus, and the Transmutation of Bioethical Methods into Gold.Patricia A. Martin - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):316-327.
    In 1785, George Washington described a “knowing farmer” as “one who can convert every thing he touches into manure, as the first transmutation towards Gold.” With these words, Washington linked the “knowing farmer” to the alchemist who endeavored to transform base metals into gold with the aid of a philosopher's stone. In each instance, the challenge was to convert raw materials into something new and precious.Today, the “knowing bioethicist” is in a similar position. American bioethics harbors a variety of ethical (...)
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  32.  26
    Protecting communities in biomedical research.Patricia A. Marshall & Jessica W. Berg - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):28 – 30.
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  33.  17
    Sex and practice distribution effects in children.Patricia A. Resick & R. B. Payne - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (6):380-382.
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  34.  20
    Saints as the 'Living Gospel': Von Balthasar's Revealers of the Revealer, Rahner's Mediators of the Mediator.Patricia A. Sullivan - 2014 - Heythrop Journal 55 (2):270-285.
    The theologies of the saints of Hans Urs Von Balthasar and Karl Rahner are grounded in the theologians' distinct articulations of the relationship between nature and grace, Rahner's shaped by his response to the Nouvelle Théologie and Von Balthasar's influenced by his engagement with Henri De Lubac and Karl Barth. It is a generalization, but one useful for drawing contrasts, that for Rahner the saints are mediators of the Mediator and that for Von Balthasar they are revealers of the Revealer. (...)
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  35.  30
    A Cold Reception in Callimachus' Victoria Berenices (S.H. 257–265).Patricia A. Rosenmeyer - 1993 - Classical Quarterly 43 (01):206-.
    Callimachus' Victoria Berenices has received a good deal of scholarly attention since its first publication in 1976, both from textual critics, attempting to clarify uncertain readings, and from specialists in Latin poetry, eager to trace allusions to Callimachus in Vergil, Statius, or Ovid. While the search for Callimachean influence on the later texts has proved quite fruitful, it opens up the possibility of reading certain issues inappropriately backwards into the Hellenistic material. The discovery of parallels may lead to an assumption (...)
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  36.  21
    A Cold Reception in Callimachus' _Victoria Berenices.Patricia A. Rosenmeyer - 1993 - Classical Quarterly 43 (1):206-214.
    Callimachus' Victoria Berenices has received a good deal of scholarly attention since its first publication in 1976, both from textual critics, attempting to clarify uncertain readings, and from specialists in Latin poetry, eager to trace allusions to Callimachus in Vergil, Statius, or Ovid. While the search for Callimachean influence on the later texts has proved quite fruitful, it opens up the possibility of reading certain issues inappropriately backwards into the Hellenistic material. The discovery of parallels may lead to an assumption (...)
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  37.  47
    A response to the March 1979 issue of the journal of medicine and philosophy.Patricia A. Bradley - 1980 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 5 (3):213-214.
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  38.  13
    Clinical Integration of Next Generation Sequencing: Coverage and Reimbursement Challenges.Patricia A. Deverka & Jennifer C. Dreyfus - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (s1):22-41.
    Clinical next generation sequencing is a term that refers to a variety of technologies that permit rapid sequencing of large numbers of DNA segments, up to and including entire genomes. As an approach that is playing an increasingly important role in obtaining genetic information from patients, it may be viewed by public and private payers either positively, as an enabler of the promised benefits of personalized medicine, or as “the perfect storm” resulting from the confluence of high market demand, an (...)
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  39.  31
    An Assessment of Undergraduate Engineering Students’ Critical Thinking Skills Guided by the Paul-Elder Critical Thinking Framework.Patricia A. Ralston, Anne E. Larson & Cathy L. Bays - 2011 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 26 (3):25-32.
    Faculty in a large, urban school of engineering designed a longitudinal study to assess the critical thinking skills of undergraduate students as they progressed through the engineering program. The Paul-Elder critical thinking framework was used to design course assignments and develop a holistic assessment rubric. This paper presents the analysis of the freshman course artifacts (baseline and course critical thinking assignments) and associated faculty scoring sessions for all three cohorts. A total of 649 first semester freshman students at least 18 (...)
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  40.  14
    An Assessment of Undergraduate Engineering Students’ Critical Thinking Skills Guided by the Paul-Elder Critical Thinking Framework.Patricia A. Ralston, Anne E. Larson & Cathy L. Bays - 2011 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 26 (3):25-32.
    Faculty in a large, urban school of engineering designed a longitudinal study to assess the critical thinking skills of undergraduate students as they progressed through the engineering program. The Paul-Elder critical thinking framework was used to design course assignments and develop a holistic assessment rubric. This paper presents the analysis of the freshman course artifacts (baseline and course critical thinking assignments) and associated faculty scoring sessions for all three cohorts. A total of 649 first semester freshman students at least 18 (...)
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  41. Novel words in novel contexts: The role of distributional information in formclass category learning.Patricia A. Reeder, Elissa L. Newport & Richard N. Aslin - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2063--2068.
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  42. Marketing human organs: The autonomy paradox.Patricia A. Marshall, David C. Thomasma & Abdallah S. Daar - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (1).
    The severe shortage of organs for transplantation and the continual reluctance of the public to voluntarily donate has prompted consideration of alternative strategies for organ procurement. This paper explores the development of market approaches for procuring human organs for transplantation and considers the social and moral implications of organ donation as both a gift of life and a commodity exchange. The problematic and paradoxical articulation of individual autonomy in relation to property rights and marketing human body parts is addressed. We (...)
     
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  43. A contextual approach to clinical ethics consultation.Patricia A. Marshall - 2001 - In C. Barry Hoffmaster (ed.), Bioethics in Social Context. Temple University Press. pp. 137--152.
     
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  44.  9
    New Initiatives in Financing and Delivering Health Care for the Medically Indigent: Report on a Conference.Patricia A. Butler - 1985 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (5):225-232.
  45.  6
    New Initiatives in Financing and Delivering Health Care for the Medically Indigent: Report on a Conference.Patricia A. Butler - 1985 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (5):225-232.
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  46.  20
    The Unexpected Guests: Patterns of Xenia in Callimachus' 'Victoria Berenices' and Petronius' Satyricon.Patricia A. Rosenmeyer - 1991 - Classical Quarterly 41 (02):403-.
    Much of the fascination that Petronius' Satyricon holds for its readers originates in the work's gleeful violation of traditional categories of classical genres. Critical terminology makes explicit the issue of unconventionality, as it is reduced to the neutral word ‘work’ in describing the Satyricon, which, as far as we can tell, belongs to no single category , but appropriates elements from many sources in both poetry and prose. Perhaps if we had more evidence with which to compare the work, such (...)
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  47.  11
    Encoding specificity in the cued and free recall of categorically and alphabetically organized words.Patricia A. Lauer - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (5):496-498.
  48.  28
    Ethical considerations in psychotherapy effectiveness research: Choosing the comparison group.Patricia A. Areán & Jennifer Alvidrez - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):63 – 73.
    The primary purpose behind effectiveness research is to determine whether a treatment with demonstrated efficacy has utility when administered to the general population. The main questions these studies are meant to answer are these: Can the typical patient respond to treatment? Is the treatment acceptable to the typical patient? Can the treatment be administered safely and in its entirety in the typical treatment setting? Is the treatment under study significantly better than the community standard of care both from a cost (...)
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  49.  49
    Psychosocial Treatment Research With Ethnic Minority Populations: Ethical Considerations in Conducting Clinical Trials.Patricia A. Areán & Jennifer Alvidrez - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):103-116.
    Because of historical mistreatment of ethnic minorities by research and medical institutions, it is particularly important for researchers to be mindful of ethical issues that arise when conducting research with ethnic minority populations. In this article, we focus on the ethical issues related to the inclusion of ethnic minorities in clinical trials of psychosocial treatments. We highlight 2 factors, skepticism and mistrust by ethnic minorities about research and current inequities in the mental health care system, that researchers should consider when (...)
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  50.  90
    Human rights,cultural pluralism, and international health research.Patricia A. Marshall - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (6):529-557.
    In the field of bioethics, scholars have begun to consider carefully the impact of structural issues on global population health, including socioeconomic and political factors influencing the disproportionate burden of disease throughout the world. Human rights and social justice are key considerations for both population health and biomedical research. In this paper, I will briefly explore approaches to human rights in bioethics and review guidelines for ethical conduct in international health research, focusing specifically on health research conducted in resource-poor settings. (...)
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