82 found
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  1.  79
    Termination of Pregnancy After NonInvasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT): Ethical Considerations.Tom Shakespeare & Richard Hull - 2018 - Journal of Practical Ethics 6 (2):32-54.
    This article explores the Nuffield Council on Bioethics’ recent report about non-invasive prenatal testing. Given that such testing is likely to become the norm, it is important to question whether there should be some ethical parameters regarding its use. The article engages with the viewpoints of Jeff McMahan, Julian Savulescu, Stephen Wilkinson and other commentators on prenatal ethics. The authors argue that there are a variety of moral considerations that legitimately play a significant role with regard to (prospective) parental decision-making (...)
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  2. Cutting to the Core: Exploring the Ethics of Contested Surgeries.Michael Benatar, Leslie Cannold, Dena Davis, Merle Spriggs, Julian Savulescu, Heather Draper, Neil Evans, Richard Hull, Stephen Wilkinson, David Wasserman, Donna Dickenson, Guy Widdershoven, Françoise Baylis, Stephen Coleman, Rosemarie Tong, Hilde Lindemann, David Neil & Alex John London - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    When the benefits of surgery do not outweigh the harms or where they do not clearly do so, surgical interventions become morally contested. Cutting to the Core examines a number of such surgeries, including infant male circumcision and cutting the genitals of female children, the separation of conjoined twins, surgical sex assignment of intersex children and the surgical re-assignment of transsexuals, limb and face transplantation, cosmetic surgery, and placebo surgery.
     
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  3. Deconstructing the Doctrine of Double Effect.Richard Hull - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (2):195-207.
    This paper examines the doctrine of double effect as it is typically applied. The difficulty of distinguishing between what we intend and what we foresee is highlighted. In particular, Warren Quinn's articulation of that distinction is examined and criticised. It is then proposed that the only credible way that we can be said to foresee that a harm will result and mean something other than that we intend it to result, is if we are not certain that that harm will (...)
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  4.  88
    Defining Disability—a Philosophical Approach.Richard Hull - 1998 - Res Publica 4 (2):199-210.
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  5.  30
    Cheap Listening? – Reflections on the Concept of Wrongful Disability.Richard J. Hull - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (2):55–63.
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  6. Politics of Practical Reasoning: Integrating Action, Discourse, and Argument.Keith Breen, Frank Canavan, Gerard Casey, Heike Felzmann, Thomas Gil, Karsten Harries, Richard Hull, Sebastian Lalla, Elizabeth Langhorne, Thomas Nisters, Felix O'Murchadha & Fran O'Rourke - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    This book treats practical and political reasoning as an active engagement with the world and other people; it cannot be understood as exclusively cognitive and this is seen as a virtue rather than a deficiency. Informal, emotional, characterological, aesthetic and interactional aspects of thought can be constituents of reasonable arguing. The work examines key capacities connected with argumentation, in a variety of fields from professional and medical ethics to work organization and the practice of art.
     
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  7. Psycho-Physical Correlations and Ontology: A Reply to Shaffer.Richard T. Hull - 1974 - Behaviorism 2 (2):194-199.
     
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  8.  42
    Informed Consent: Patient's Right or Patient's Duty?Richard T. Hull - 1985 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (2):183-198.
    The rule that a patient should give a free, fully-informed consent to any therapeutic intervention is traditionally thought to express merely a right of the patient against the physician, and a duty of the physician towards the patient. On this view, the patient may waive that right with impugnity, a fact sometimes expressed in the notion of a right not to know. This paper argues that the rule also expresses a duty of the patient towards the physician and a right (...)
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  9.  4
    Cheap Listening? &Ndash Reflections on the Concept of Wrongful Disability1.Richard J. Hull - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (2):55-63.
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  10.  36
    Feyerabend's Attack on Observation Sentences.Richard T. Hull - 1972 - Synthese 23 (4):374 - 399.
  11.  29
    The Effect of a Research Ethics Course on Graduate Students' Moral Reasoning.Richard Hull - manuscript
    A quasi-experimental design was used to determine whether there are differences in sociomoral reasoning, as indicated by the Sociomoral Reflection Objective Measure-Short Form (SROM-SF), between a group of students who completed a research ethics course and a comparable control group. The SROM-SF was administered as a pre-test and post-test to both groups of students, those enrolled in the class (n=20) as well as the control group (n=18). Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) on the post-test results of the SROM-SF with the pre-test (...)
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  12. Ethical Issues in the New Reproductive Technologies.Richard T. Hull - 1990
     
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  13.  18
    Counterexamples in Intuitionistic Analysis Using Kripke's Schema.Richard G. Hull - 1969 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 15 (16-18):241-246.
  14. Living Without Religion - Pascal’s Wager: Not a Good Bet.Richard Hull - 2005 - Free Inquiry 25.
  15.  38
    Ethics in a Democratic State.Richard Hull - manuscript
    I bring you greetings from the United States, where its citizens have been closely following the events of the past three weeks. There has been a great change in the feelings of common American people towards the Russian people. Many have expressed their sense of identity and solidarity with the people of Moscow and St. Petersburg as they witnessed the resistance for the attempted coup. Americans have enormous respect for constitutional government as well as for democracy, and they saw the (...)
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  16.  22
    Ethics Without a Net.Richard T. Hull - 1996 - Teaching Philosophy 19 (2):201-204.
  17.  15
    The Experience of Male Rape in Non-Institutionalised Settings.H. Gertie Pretorius & Richard M. Hull - 2005 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 5 (2):1-11.
    The aim of this article is to describe the phenomenon of male rape from the victims’ perspectives. The methodology employed relied on transcendental phenomenology in order to create the rich descriptions of the lived experiences of three male survivors of rape. From the descriptions elicited from the formulation of an open-ended question, it was discovered that the phenomenon of male rape has a dominant structure that is related to the destruction and reconstruction of the masculine self. The research also revealed (...)
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  18.  48
    Ethical Issues in Starting and Stopping End-Stage Dialysis.Richard Hull - manuscript
    Three ethical principles currently determine both law and practice with respect to starting and stopping dialysis in end stage renal disease cases: Medical Futility, Respect for Life, and Patient Sel-determination. Even where dialysis is not medically futile, patients possessing capacity, and patients lacking capacity but with valid, functioning proxy decision-makers, self-determination is the dominant principle, in that efforts to prolong and preserve life may be set aside or not initiated at the request of the adequately informed patient or the patient’s (...)
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  19. On Taking Causal Criteria to Be Ontologically Significant.Richard T. Hull - 1973 - Behaviorism 1 (2):65-76.
  20.  39
    Philosophical, Ethical, and Moral Aspects of Health Care Rationing: A Review of Daniel Callahan's Setting Limits. [REVIEW]Richard Hull - manuscript
    My assigned task in today’s colloquium is to review philosophers’ perspectives on the broad question of whether health care rationing ought to target the elderly. This is a revolutionary question, particularly in a society that is so sensitive to apparent discrimination, and the question must be approached carefully if it is to be successfully dealt with. Three subordinate questions attend this one and must be addressed in the course of answering it. The first such question has to do with the (...)
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  21.  5
    The Conduct of Science. Michael W. Friedlander.Richard T. Hull - 1975 - Philosophy of Science 42 (1):106-106.
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  22.  35
    The Baby Fae Case: Treatment, Experiment, or Animal Abuse?Richard T. Hull - unknown
    On October 26, 1984, Dr. Leonard Bailey and the transplant team of Loma Linda University Medical Center in California operated on a five-pound baby girl born a few weeks earlier with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. In babies born with this defect the left side of the heart is much smaller than the right and is unable to pump sufficient blood to sustain life for more than a few weeks. This rare defect occurs about once in every 12,000 live births; it (...)
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  23. No Fear.Richard Hull - 1997 - Free Inquiry 17.
     
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  24.  40
    Almeder's Unknowable Defeater Defeated.Richard Hull - manuscript
    Robert Almeder has argued1 that three “fourth conditions” for nondefectiveness of knowledge justification claims, proposed in the recent literature,2 are essentially similar, require modification in order to eliminate the possibility of an unknowable defeater, and, so modified, render attainment of non-basic factual knowledge impossible. Although I believe there are objections to be raised against his exposition and reduction of the three proposed fourth conditions, I wish only to raise some doubts about the supposed necessity of the modifications and then to (...)
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  25.  11
    Counterexamples in Intuitionistic Analysis Using Kripke's Schema.Richard G. Hull - 1969 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 15 (16‐18):241-246.
  26.  31
    A Field Guide to Inductive Arguments.Richard T. Hull - 1987 - Teaching Philosophy 10 (3):262-263.
  27.  41
    The Varieties of Ethical Theories.Richard Hull - manuscript
    There are two fundamental types of ethical theory: those based on the notion of choosing one’s actions so as to maximize the value or values to be expected as consequences of those actions (called consequentialist or teleological theories [from the Greek telos, meaning aim or purpose]; and those based on the notion of choosing one’s actions according to standards of duty or obligation that refer not to consequences but to the nature oaf actions and the motives that are held by (...)
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  28.  31
    Whither Geology: Passive Information Source, or Pro-Active Environmentalism?Richard T. Hull - unknown
    In this age of interdisciplinary interaction, we probably owe one another disclosures of our qualifications for commenting on each other’s profession. And you might well wonder why a philosopher would be asked to address this distinguished society of professiona l geologists. So, let me give what information I can about my qualifications to talk this evening about, of all things, the ethics of water geology.
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  29.  39
    Philosophical Foundations of Animal Experimentation and its Critics.Richard Hull - manuscript
    I come before you today at the invitation of your Colloquium Chair, Professor Claes Lundgren. It was his thought that a colloquium session devoted to some of the foundational questions, or presuppositions, of animal might prove interesting. Such an examination may have several aims. 1) It provides an opportunity to reflect on and review together a common activity that, in the perceptions of some concerned fellow citizens and in the history of the discipline of physiology, has had some highly questionable (...)
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  30.  11
    Fantastic Phenomenology: Quixote Reconsidered.Richard Hull - 1989 - Substance 18 (2):35.
  31.  34
    The Alchemy of Informed Consent Revisited.Richard Hull - manuscript
    Second, let me offer an apology for not having a handout for this talk. I do have a website that contains most of my talks and published papers, as well as various other ravings collected over thirty-plus years of ruminating, and you are each welcome to visit it and acquire for your own reading pleasure or other legitimate purposes (such as composing refutations of my foolish views) such copies as you may require. Just don’t steal my ideas and misrepresent them (...)
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  32.  28
    Autonomy, Personhood, and the Right to Psychiatric Treatment.Richard T. Hull - unknown
    In the May, 1960, issue of the American Bar Association Journal (vol. 499), Morton Birnbaum, a lawyer and physician, argued for a legal right to psychiatric treatment of the involuntarily committed mentally ill person. In the 18 years since his article appeared,, there have been several key court cases in which this concept of a right to psychiatric treatment has figured prominently and decisively. It is important to note that the language of the decisions have had at least an indirect (...)
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  33.  32
    Why Be Moral? A Retort to a Response to a Reply.Richard T. Hull - 1998 - Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (2):253-256.
  34.  22
    Dying in America.Richard T. Hull - unknown
    Good Morning! When I was asked to talk on the subject of Dying in America at a breakfast meeting, It occurred to me that I might get to make some wisecracks about how we eat, at a breakfast where we would be served croissants, butter, sausage and eggs, and berries served with Devonshire cream: certainly the most tasteful form of dying in America! Nor have we been disappointed: quiche and ham should do quite nicely. Then, after last Tuesday’s election, someone (...)
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  35.  25
    The Alchemy of Informed Consent'.Richard T. Hull - unknown
    on the part of physicians are most welcome and not to be disputed. If widely implemented, they should substantially improve the atmosphere of relations between patients and physicians. So, what, if anything, is to be said about his diagnoses and prescriptions, other than "Right on!?".
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  36.  29
    Are Presymptomatic Carriers of Huntington's Chorea and Heterozygous Carriers of Cystic Fibrosis Genetically Diseased?Richard Hull - manuscript
    Technological advances force redefinition of action-mandating concepts and language through complex social, political and economic tendencies that collectively determine what has been dubbed “the technological imperative.” The reverse is also true: redefinition of concepts shapes and guides the direction of technological development through shaping public beliefs and expectations. A powerful and far-reaching example of such occurred with the redefinition of “death” and the concept’s transformed relationship to transplantation technology.
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  37.  3
    On Pedagogical Caring.Richard E. Hull - 1979 - Educational Theory 29 (3):237-243.
  38.  29
    Designing Humans Versus Designing for Humans: Some Ethical Issues in Genetics.Richard Hull - manuscript
    At a meeting of the American Society for Value Inquiry in Chicago last spring, and again at a conference on biomedical ethics last fall in London, Ontario, David J. Roy, Head of the Institute for Medical Humanities, University of Montreal, described a developing situation in the biomedical technologies about which he and many of his colleagues in the profession share an enormous apprehension. The biomedical sciences have in their possession, in development, and on the drawing boards a technology that has (...)
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  39.  28
    Is There Ever a Duty to Have Sex with Someone Other Than One’s Spouse?Richard Hull - manuscript
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  40.  18
    The Allied Health Care Professions: New Fields for Philosophical Exploration. [REVIEW]Richard T. Hull - 1992 - Journal of Value Inquiry 26 (4):473-482.
    This presentation is designed to stimulate philosophers' interest in the Allied Health Professions, as areas of inquiry appropriate to philosophical reflection and particularly rewarding to those with a major focus on value and its experience. With their careful attention to the ways in which value is present in human experience, their second-order principles for designating priority relations among conflicting values, their ability to transfer the results of sustained inquiry into issues of responsibility and decision making from one context to another, (...)
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  41.  21
    The Forms of Argument Over the Principle of Acquaintance.Richard T. Hull - 1973 - Metaphilosophy 4 (1):1–22.
  42.  9
    Commentary on Albini and Ketcham.Richard Hull - manuscript
    The theme advanced and developed by Boris Albini and Gary Ketcham in two issues of the Reporter (May 7, 1987, and February 25, 1988) involve several key concepts: sentience and suffering, life and death, compassion, contradictory rights and conflicting values. I propose to recapitulate those developed themes in order to assess what has been clarified, what still remains obscure, and what has gone unaddressed. For me the issues of which they write are live ones, and my own mind is unsettled (...)
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  43.  15
    Why Be Moral? A Reply to Donahue and Tierno.Richard T. Hull - 1993 - Journal of Value Inquiry 27 (1):109-110.
  44.  6
    The Transplant Baby From Outer Space.Larry Gostin & Richard T. Hull - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (4):24-22.
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  45.  6
    Back in the USSR.Richard T. Hull - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (6):4-4.
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  46.  4
    Book Review:The Conduct of Science Michael W. Friedlander. [REVIEW]Richard T. Hull - 1975 - Philosophy of Science 42 (1):106-.
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  47.  5
    The Possibility of Value Inquiry as an Instrument of Social and Personal Transformation: Impressions of Russian Value Inquiry. [REVIEW]Richard T. Hull - 1996 - Journal of Value Inquiry 30 (1-2):85-87.
  48.  1
    Case Studies: The Transplant Baby From Outer Space.Larry Gostin & Richard T. Hull - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (4):24.
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  49.  8
    Some Reflections Occasioned by Clack and Chisholm on the Self.Richard T. Hull - 1974 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (2):257-260.
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  50.  3
    Health Care Teams.Richard T. Hull - 1981 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 9 (4):2-2.
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