Results for 'Roger Mac Ginty'

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  1.  21
    Reparations and Peacebuilding: Issues and Controversies.Pamina Firchow & Roger Mac Ginty - 2013 - Human Rights Review 14 (3):231-239.
    This introduction to our special section of Human Rights Review on Reparations and Peacebuilding gives an overview of the challenges currently confronting both peacebuilding and reparations. The special section aims to explore the relationship between these two mechanisms and examines the role that reparations schemes can play in salving or exacerbating conflict.
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  2.  18
    Probabilistic Equilibria for Evolutionarily Stable Strategies.Roger A. McCain - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):34-36.
    This commentary suggests that an equilibrium framework may be retained, in an evolutionary model such as Gintis's and with more satisfactory results, if rationality is relaxed in a slightly different way than he proposes: that is, if decisions are assumed to be related to rewards probabilistically, rather than with certainty. This relaxed concept of rationality gives rise to probabilistic equilibria. (Published Online April 27 2007).
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  3. Rethinking Power.Thomas E. Wartenberg - 1992 - Albany, NY, USA: SUNY Press.
    The authors represent the cutting edge of current research into the concept of power. Among the topics discussed are power in social theory, feminist conceptions of power, power and sexuality, modes of oppression and domination, the significance of Foucault’s theory of power, and power in market transactions. Included are contributions by Amelie Oksenberg Rorty, Terence Ball, Jeffrey Isaac, Thomas McCarthy, Gayatri Spivak, Iris Marion Young, Jean Baker Miller, Nancy C. M. Hartsock, Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, and Roger S. Gottlieb.
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  4.  2
    Roger Bacon's Philosophy of Nature: A Critical Edition, with English Translation, Introduction, and Notes, of De Multiplicatione Specierum and De Speculis Comburentibus.Roger Bacon - 1983 - St. Augustine's Press.
  5. Review by Mac L. Ricketts.Mac Linscott Ricketts - 2011 - International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 4 (2):165-169.
  6.  22
    MAC/FAC: A Model of Similarity‐Based Retrieval.Kenneth D. Forbus, Dedre Gentner & Keith Law - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (2):141-205.
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  7.  7
    Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 1: 1953-1967.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. The first volume covers the beginnings of a career that is ground-breaking from the outset. Inspired by courses given by Dirac and Bondi, much of the early (...)
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  8.  1
    Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Six Volume Set.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose is one of the truly original thinkers of our time. He has made several remarkable contributions to science, from quantum physics and theories of human consciousness to relativity theory and observations on the structure of the universe. Unusually for a scientist, some of his ideas have crossed over into the public arena. Now his work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for (...)
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  9.  1
    Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 3: 1976-1980.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Many important realizations concerning twistor theory occurred during the short period of this third volume, providing a new perspective on the way that mathematical features of the (...)
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  10.  2
    Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 4: 1981-1989.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Among the new developments that occurred during this period was the introduction of a particular notion of 'quasi-local mass-momentum and angular momentum', the topic of Penrose's Royal (...)
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  11.  2
    Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 5: 1990-1996.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Publication of The Emperor's New Mind (OUP 1989) had caused considerable debate and Penrose's responses are included in this volume. Arising from this came the idea that (...)
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  12. Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 6: 1997-2003.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. This sixth volume describes an actual experiment to measure the length of time that a quantum superposition might last (developing the Diósi-Penrose proposal). It also discusses the (...)
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  13.  6
    Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 2: 1968-1975.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Developing ideas sketched in the first volume, twistor theory is now applied to genuine issues of physics, and there are the beginnings of twistor diagram theory (an (...)
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  14.  1
    Roger North's the Musicall Grammarian: 1728.Roger North - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Roger North's The Musicall Grammarian 1728 is a treatise on musical eloquence in all its branches. Of its five parts, I and II, on the orthoepy, orthography and syntax of music, constitute a grammar; III and IV, on the arts of invention and communication, form a rhetoric; and V, on etymology, consists of a history. Two substantial chapters of commentary introduce the text, which is edited here for the first time in its entirety: Jamie Kassler places his treatise within (...)
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  15.  40
    An ‘Inexact’ Philosophy of Economics?: Roger E. Backhouse.Roger E. Backhouse - 1997 - Economics and Philosophy 13 (1):25-37.
    The Inexact and Separate Science of Economics represents the most ambitious attempt to provide a systematic account of economic methodology since the first edition of Blaug's The Methodology of Economics. As such, it has been the subject of extensive critical commentary. For all the attention it has received, however, some important aspects of the book's thesis have not been developed properly. Two important ones are what might be called, following the terminology used in the experimental economics literature, the ‘framing effect’ (...)
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  16. A Framework for the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences.Herbert Gintis - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):1-16.
    The various behavioral disciplines model human behavior in distinct and incompatible ways. Yet, recent theoretical and empirical developments have created the conditions for rendering coherent the areas of overlap of the various behavioral disciplines. The analytical tools deployed in this task incorporate core principles from several behavioral disciplines. The proposed framework recognizes evolutionary theory, covering both genetic and cultural evolution, as the integrating principle of behavioral science. Moreover, if decision theory and game theory are broadened to encompass other-regarding preferences, they (...)
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  17. Roger Bacon on the Nullity of Magic.Roger Bacon - 1923 - American Mathematical Society.
  18.  50
    The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics.Roger Penrose - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    In his bestselling work of popular science, Sir Roger Penrose takes us on a fascinating roller-coaster ride through the basic principles of physics, cosmology, mathematics, and philosophy to show that human thinking can never be emulated by a machine.
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  19.  28
    The Roger Scruton Reader.Roger Scruton - 2009 - Continuum.
    In addition the book also includes a good number of unpublished essays.
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  20. Reasons and the Good.Roger Crisp - 2006 - Clarendon Press.
    In Reasons and the Good Roger Crisp answers some of the oldest questions in moral philosophy. Fundamental to ethics, he claims, is the idea of ultimate reasons for action; and he argues controversially that these reasons do not depend on moral concepts. He investigates the nature of reasons themselves, and how we come to know them. He defends a hedonistic theory of well-being and an account of practical reason according to which we can give some, though not overriding, priority (...)
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  21.  34
    Social Norms as Choreography.Herbert Gintis - 2010 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 9 (3):251-264.
    This article shows that social norms are better explained as correlating devices for a correlated equilibrium of the underlying stage game, rather than Nash equilibria. Whereas the epistemological requirements for rational agents playing Nash equilibria are very stringent and usually implausible, the requirements for a correlated equilibrium amount to the existence of common priors, which we interpret as induced by the cultural system of the society in question. When the correlating device has perfect information, we need in addition only to (...)
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  22.  22
    Individual Ethical Orientations and the Perceived Acceptability of Questionable Finance Ethics Decisions.Mac Clouse, Robert A. Giacalone, Tricia D. Olsen & Lorenzo Patelli - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (3):549-558.
    Finance is an area that, in practice, is plagued by accusations of unethical activity; the study of finance had adopted a largely nonbehavioral approach to business ethics research. We address this gap in by assessing whether individual ethical orientations predict the acceptability of questionable decisions about financial issues. Results show that individual ethical orientations are associated with different levels of acceptability of questionable decisions about financial issues, though the pattern of these differences varies across individual ethical orientations assessed. These results (...)
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  23. Rawlsian Justice and Economic Systems.Barry Clark & Herbert Gintis - 1978 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 7 (4):302-325.
  24.  40
    The Foundations of Behavior: The Beliefs, Preferences, and Constraints Model.Herbert Gintis - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (2):123-127.
  25. Belief Is Credence One (in Context).Roger Clarke - 2013 - Philosophers' Imprint 13:1-18.
    This paper argues for two theses: that degrees of belief are context sensitive; that outright belief is belief to degree 1. The latter thesis is rejected quickly in most discussions of the relationship between credence and belief, but the former thesis undermines the usual reasons for doing so. Furthermore, identifying belief with credence 1 allows nice solutions to a number of problems for the most widely-held view of the relationship between credence and belief, the threshold view. I provide a sketch (...)
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  26.  7
    Temoignage de M. Roger Mehl.Roger Mehl - 1945 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 20:26 - 27.
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  27.  50
    Behavioral Ethics Meets Natural Justice.Herbert Gintis - 2006 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 5 (1):5-32.
    offers an evolutionary approach to morality, in which moral rules form a cultural system that is robust and evolutionarily stable. The folk theorem is the analytical basis for his theory of justice. I argue that this is a mistake, as the equilibria described by the folk theorem lack dynamic stability in games with several players. While the dependence of Binmore's argument on the folk theorem is more tactical than strategic, this choice does have policy implications. I do not believe that (...)
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  28. Schooling in Capitalist America: Educational Reform and the Contradiction of Economic Life.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 1977 - Science and Society 41 (2):232-234.
     
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  29.  26
    Silent Soliloquy: Roger Squires.Roger Squires - 1973 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 7:208-225.
    Speaking is so closely associated with making noises that such descriptions as ‘silent soliloquy’ and ‘soundless monologue’ have an air of paradox. Yet people frequently say things to themselves in such a way that not even a close observer has any reason to think they have done so. It is therefore tempting to suppose that on such occasions a sequence of surrogate speech sounds is produced in the person's head which he alone hears or introaudits, as if what distinguishes silent (...)
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  30.  10
    Arcadius Kahan, Russian economic history. The nineteenth century : ed. Roger Weiss , xxi + 244 pp., $47.50 cloth; $18.95 paper. [REVIEW]Roger Munting - 1990 - History of European Ideas 12 (3):432-433.
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  31.  17
    Eternity has No Duration: Katherin A. Rogers.Katherin A. Rogers - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (1):1-16.
    In 1981 Eleonore Stump and Norman Kretzmann published a landmark article aimed at exploring the classical concept of divine eternity. 1 Taking Boethius as the primary spokesman for the traditional view, they analyse God's eternity as timeless yet as possessing duration. More recently Brian Leftow has seconded Stump and Kretzmann's interpretation of the medieval position and attempted to defend the notion of a durational eternity as a useful way of expressing the sort of life God leads. 2 However, there are (...)
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  32.  33
    Towards the Unity of the Human Behavioral Sciences.Herbert Gintis - 2004 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (1):37-57.
    Despite their distinct objects of study, the human behavioral sciences all include models of individual human behavior. Unity in the behavioral sciences requires that there be a common underlying model of individual human behavior, specialized and enriched to meet the particular needs of each discipline. Such unity does not exist, and cannot be easily attained, since the various disciplines have incompatible models and disparate research methodologies. Yet recent theoretical and empirical developments have created the conditions for unity in the behavioral (...)
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  33.  18
    Reason and Faith—II: Roger Trigg.Roger Trigg - 1992 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 31:33-43.
    The categories of reason and faith are often contrasted. When reason gives out, we are told that we have to rely on faith. Such exhortations are made particularly in the context of religion. When for instance, we face some personal tragedy which may well seem inexplicable, we are told that faith can help us through it. Very often faith is referred to in a vacuum. Presumably faith in God is usually meant, but all too often God drops out of the (...)
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  34.  8
    Relevance of Asian Philosophy to Philosophy of Education Today: An Interview with Roger Ames.Heesoon Bai & Roger T. Ames - unknown
    Professor Roger T. Ames is Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Hawai‘i, Manoa. The following is a short excerpt from an interview with Professor Ames that took place on the eve of 2009 PESA Conference, December 1, 2009. Heesoon Bai, Editor of Paideusis, accompanied by Avraham Cohen, interviewed Professor Ames in his office.
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  35.  66
    The Social Structure of Cooperation and Punishment.Herbert Gintis & Ernst Fehr - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (1):28-29.
    The standard theories of cooperation in humans, which depend on repeated interaction and reputation effects among self-regarding agents, are inadequate. Strong reciprocity, a predisposition to participate in costly cooperation and the punishment, fosters cooperation where self-regarding behaviors fail. The effectiveness of socially coordinated punishment depends on individual motivations to participate, which are based on strong reciprocity motives. The relative infrequency of high-cost punishment is a result of the ubiquity of strong reciprocity, not its absence.
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  36.  9
    Коммуникация в процессе руководства и мониторинга (macs).Ülle Pärl - 2011 - Sign Systems Studies 39 (1):207-207.
    This conceptual paper addresses Management Accounting and Control Systems from a communication process perspective as opposed to a functionaldesign perspective. Its arguments originate from a social-constructionist perspective on the organization. Its line of argument is that building a social theoryof a social phenomenon such as MACS, demands that attention be paid to the characteristics of the communication process. An existing theoretical frameworkthat does the same is Giddens’ structuration theory, but it is only partly satisfactory because it refuses to consider communication-as-interaction (...)
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  37.  22
    For Whom Emptiness Prevails: An Analysis of the Religious Implications of Nāgārjuna's Vigrahavyāvartanī 701: Roger Jackson.Roger Jackson - 1985 - Religious Studies 21 (3):407-414.
    He who has seen everything empty itself is close to knowing what everything is filled with. Emptiness is probably the most important philosophical and religious concept of Mahayana Buddhism. Its precise meaning has been explained differently by different schools and in different Buddhist cultures, but almost all Mahāyāna Buddhists would agree with the following characterization: Philosophically , emptiness is the term that describes the ultimate mode of existence of all phenomena, namely, as naturally ‘empty’ of enduring substance, or self-existence : (...)
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  38.  74
    The Large, the Small and the Human Mind.Roger Penrose - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a fascinating and accessible summary of Roger Penrose's current thinking on those areas of physics in which he feels there are major...
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  39.  23
    Freedom and Custom: Roger Scruton.Roger Scruton - 1983 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 15:181-196.
    There is a certain attitude which makes freedom the main business of political thought and civil liberty the aim of government. I shall use the word ‘liberalism’ to refer to this attitude, in the hope that established usage will condone my description. And I shall explore and criticize two aspects of liberal thought: first, the concept of freedom in which it is based; secondly, the attack upon what Mill called the ‘despotism of custom’. My conclusions will be tentative; but I (...)
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  40.  27
    Reason and Happiness1: Roger Scruton.Roger Scruton - 1974 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 8:139-161.
    Are moral judgements objective? This is a question of great complexity, and in what follows I shall try to cast some light on what it means, and on how it might be answered.
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  41.  14
    Sexual Arousal: Roger Scruton.Roger Scruton - 1984 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 18:255-273.
    Human beings talk and co-operate, they build and produce, they work to accumulate and exchange, they form societies, laws and institutions, and, in all these things the phenomenon of reason—as a distinct principle of activity—seems dominant. There are indeed theories of the human which describe this or that activity as central—speech, say, productive labour, or political existence. But we feel that the persuasiveness of such theories depends upon whether the activity in question is an expression of the deeper essence, reason (...)
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  42. Democracy and Capitalism: Property, Community, and the Contradictions of Modern Social Thought.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 1987 - Science and Society 51 (3):362-364.
  43.  1
    Contested Exchange: New Microfoundations for the Political Economy of Capitalism.Herbert Gintis & Samuel Bowles - 1990 - Politics and Society 18 (2):165-222.
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  44.  25
    Classical Versus Evolutionary Game Theory.Herbert Gintis - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    Classical and evolutionary game theory attempt to explain different phenomena. Classical game theory describes socially and temporally isolated encounters while evolutionary game theory describes macro-social behavioural regularities. The actors in classical game theory are payoff maximizers whose identity remains fixed during the course of play. By contrast, in evolutionary game theory, the players are constantly changing, and the central actor is a replicator -- an entity having some means of making approximately accurate copies of itself. However successful in its own (...)
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  45.  12
    Last Lectures. Roger Fry. Pp. Xxix + 370; Figs. 346. Cambridge: University Press. 1939. 21s.Giles Robertson & Roger Fry - 1940 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 60 (2):105-106.
  46.  7
    Welcome to Wales: Searle on the Computational Theory of Mind: Roger Fellows.Roger Fellows - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 38:85-97.
    In a recent book devoted to giving an overview of cognitive science, Justin Lieber writes: …dazzingly complex computational processes achieve our visual and linguistic understanding, but apart from a few levels of representation these are as little open to our conscious view as the multitudinous rhythm of blood flow through the countless vessels of our brain. It is the aim of hundreds of workers in the allied fields of Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence to unmask these computation processes and install (...)
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  47. The Condition of the Christian Philosopher/ by Roger Mehl.Roger Mehl - 1963 - J. Clarke.
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  48. Production, Information Costs, and Economic Organization.Armen Alchian, Harold Demsetz, Kenneth Arrow, Richard Edwards, Herbert Gintis & Michael C. Jensen - 1983 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (4):354-368.
     
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  49.  3
    The Crisis of Liberal Democratic Capitalism: The Case of the United States.Herbert Gintis & Samuel Bowles - 1982 - Politics and Society 11 (1):51-93.
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  50. Causation and Evidence-Based Practive - an Ontological Review.Roger Kerry, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Svein Anders Noer Lie, Stephen D. Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1006-1012.
    We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation from a dispositionalist stance, many (...)
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