Results for 'Scottish Executive'

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  1. Public Attitudes to Windfarms: A Survey of Local Residents in Scotland. Scottish Executive.S. Braunholtz - forthcoming - Social Research.
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  2. Resident Survey of the Dundee Home Zone.Scottish Executive - forthcoming - Social Research.
     
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  3. Alan Wilson.Alan Wilson, Scottish Executive & Pentland House - 1989 - In Derek Gregory & Rex Walford (eds.), Horizons in Human Geography. Barnes & Noble. pp. 29.
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  4. Philosophy with Children: Learning to Live Well.Claire Cassidy - 2012 - Childhood and Philosophy 8 (16):243-264.
    A filosofia com crianças, em todas as suas guisas, visa engendrar o pensamento filosófico e o raciocínio nas crianças. Muito é escrito sobre o que a participação na filosofia poderia fazer para a criança academicamente e emocionalmente. O que propomos aqui é que permitindo às crianças participar de diálogos filosóficos elas aprenderão uma abordagem que poderia dar suporte a sua participação na sociedade e que poderia envolvê-las na consideração e no arejamento de suas vistas, tomando decisões em suas interações e (...)
     
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  5.  9
    Divide et impera?Andrew Johnson & Alison Johnson - 2006 - Environmental Values 15 (2):143 - 144.
    Instead of an editorial, in this issue of Environmental Values the publishers have been invited to comment on a local environmental issue that currently looms large in our Scottish island backyard. Divided from mainland Scotland by fifty miles of sea, the Outer Hebrides are a peripheral part of the already peripheral Scottish Highlands - a region of low production, and high demands on thinly spread national services. Fifteen years ago our economic salvation was to be the creation of (...)
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  6.  23
    The Role of Teacher Research in Continuing Professional Development.Margaret Kirkwood & Donald Christie - 2006 - British Journal of Educational Studies 54 (4):429-448.
    This article sets out to examine the role of teacher research and enquiry in the professional development of teachers. The context derives from the initiative of the Scottish Executive to enhance the status and working conditions of teachers. We consider the extent to which continuing professional development activities arising out of the Chartered Teacher Programme encourage teachers to value research, equip them to become research-minded and support them to engage in research and enquiry in their own professional contexts.
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  7.  24
    The Morning–After Pill.Anne Williams - 2010 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 13 (1):8-36.
    The morning-after pill has been promoted as a solution to the growing teenage sexual health problem being witnessed in Scotland. The continuing increase in sexually transmitted infections (STIs), recorded in recent reports of the Scottish Centre for Infections and Environmental Health2, has come as a shock to members of the health profession across Scotland. Documenting a marked increase in teenage sexual activity, the report raises urgent questions about the impact of the “safe sex” message in our classrooms and the (...)
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  8.  10
    Cloning and Public Policy.Ruth Macklin - 2002 - In Justine Burley & John Harris (eds.), A companion to genethics. Blackwell. pp. 206-215.
    It seemed like only minutes after a team of Scottish scientists announced, in late February 1997, that they had successfully cloned a sheep, that governmental officials and private citizens throughout the world called for a ban on cloning human beings. The rush to legislate or issue executive orders was so swift, it is reasonable to wonder why the news that a mammal had been cloned ignited such a stampede to prohibit, even criminalize, attempts to clone humans. These events (...)
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  9. The Scottish Philosophy: Biographical, Expository, Critical, From Hutcheson to Hamilton.James McCosh - 1966 - Cambridge University Press.
    James McCosh, the Scottish philosopher, graduated from the University of Glasgow, spent some time as a minister in the Church of Scotland but then returned to philosophy and spent most of his career at Princeton University. The eighteenth-century Scottish Enlightenment had many influential philosophers at its core. In this book, first published in 1875, McCosh outlines the theories of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century philosophers and identifies Scottish philosophy as a distinct school of thought. He summarises both the merits (...)
     
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  10.  7
    ‘Barons’ Wars, Under Other Names’: Feudalism, Royalism and the American Founding.Eric Nelson - 2017 - History of European Ideas 43 (2):198-214.
    SUMMARYThe Machiavellian Moment was largely responsible for establishing what remains the dominant understanding of American Revolutionary ideology. Patriots, on this account, were radical whigs; their great preoccupation was a terror of crown power and executive corruption. This essay proposes to test the whig reading of patriot political thought in a manner suggested by Professor Pocock's pioneering first book, The Ancient Constitution and the Feudal Law. The whig tradition, as he taught us, located in the remote Saxon past an ‘ancient (...)
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  11.  51
    Psychopathy, Executive Functions, and Neuropsychological Data: A Response to Sifferd and Hirstein.Marko Jurjako & Luca Malatesti - 2018 - Neuroethics 11 (1):55-65.
    Psychopathy, executive functions, and neuropsychological data: a response to Sifferd and Hirstein.
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  12.  71
    Executive Functions and Self-Regulation.Wilhelm Hofmann, Brandon J. Schmeichel & Alan D. Baddeley - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (3):174-180.
  13.  44
    Executive Pay and Legitimacy: Changing Discursive Battles Over the Morality of Excessive Manager Compensation. [REVIEW]Maria Joutsenvirta - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (3):459-477.
    How is the (il)legitimacy of manager compensation constructed in social interaction? This study investigated discursive processes through which heavily contested executive pay schemes of the Finnish energy giant Fortum were constructed as (il)legitimate in public during 2005–2009. The critical discursive analysis of media texts identified five legitimation strategies through which politicians, journalists, and other social actors contested these schemes and, at the same time, constructed subject positions for managers, politicians, and citizens. The comparison of two debate periods surrounding the (...)
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  14. Executive Attention and Metacognitive Regulation.Diego Fernandez-Duque, Jodie A. Baird & Michael I. Posner - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):288-307.
    Metacognition refers to any knowledge or cognitive process that monitors or controls cognition. We highlight similarities between metacognitive and executive control functions, and ask how these processes might be implemented in the human brain. A review of brain imaging studies reveals a circuitry of attentional networks involved in these control processes, with its source located in midfrontal areas. These areas are active during conflict resolution, error correction, and emotional regulation. A developmental approach to the organization of the anatomy involved (...)
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  15.  65
    Executive Functions in Insight Versus Non-Insight Problem Solving: An Individual Differences Approach.E. Fioratou & K. J. Gilhooly - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):355-376.
    This study investigated the roles of the executive functions of inhibition and switching, and of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory capacities, in insight and non-insight tasks. A total of 18 insight tasks, 10 non-insight tasks, and measures of individual differences in working memory capacities, switching, and inhibition were administered to 120 participants. Performance on insight problems was not linked with executive functions of inhibition or switching but was linked positively to measures of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory capacities. (...)
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  16. Scottish Common Sense in Germany, 1768--1800: A Contribution to the History of Critical Philosophy.Manfred Kuehn - 1980 - Dissertation, Mcgill University (Canada)
    This work attempts to show that the Scottish common sense philosophers Thomas Reid, James Oswald and James Beattie, had a substantial influence upon the development of German thought during the period of the late enlightenment. Their works were thoroughly reviewed in German philosophical journals and translated into German soon after they had appeared in English. Whether it was Mendelssohn, a rationalist, Lossius, a materialist, Feder, a sensationalist, Tetens, a critical empiricist, or Hamann and Jacobi, irrationalist philosophers of faith, important (...)
     
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  17.  30
    Executive Function is Necessary for Perspective Selection, Not Level-1 Visual Perspective Calculation: Evidence From a Dual-Task Study of Adults.Adam W. Qureshi, Ian A. Apperly & Dana Samson - 2010 - Cognition 117 (2):230-236.
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  18.  25
    Executive Function, Disability, and Agency.Kevin Timpe - 2016 - Res Philosophica 93 (4):767-796.
    This paper considers how a number of particular disabilities can impact agency primarily by affecting what psychologists refer to as ‘executive function.’ Some disabilities, I argue, could decrease agency even without fully undermining it. I see this argument as contributing to the growing literature that sees agency as coming in degrees. The first section gives a broad outline of a fairly standard approach to agency. The second section relates that framework to the existing literature, which suggests that agency comes (...)
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  19. Executive Dysfunction in Autism.Elisabeth L. Hill - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):26-32.
  20.  16
    Executive Control of Visual Attention in Dual-Task Situations.Gordon D. Logan & Robert D. Gordon - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (2):393-434.
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    Executive Functions in Decision Making: An Individual Differences Approach.Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Timo Mäntylä & Fabio Del Missier - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (2):69-97.
    This individual differences study examined the relationships between three executive functions (updating, shifting, and inhibition), measured as latent variables, and performance on two cognitively demanding subtests of the Adult Decision Making Competence battery: Applying Decision Rules and Consistency in Risk Perception. Structural equation modelling showed that executive functions contribute differentially to performance in these two tasks, with Applying Decision Rules being mainly related to inhibition and Consistency in Risk Perception mainly associated to shifting. The results suggest that the (...)
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  22.  13
    Executive Function and Temperamental Fear Concurrently Predict Deception in School-Aged Children.Sarah Babkirk, Lauren V. Saunders, Beylul Solomon, Ellen M. Kessel, Angela Crossman, Nurper Gokhan & Tracy A. Dennis - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (4):425-439.
    The decision to intentionally withhold truthful information, or deception, is a key component of moral development and may be a precursor to more serious anti-social tendencies. Two factors, executive function and temperamental fear are each thought to influence childhood deception. Few studies, however, have explored deception in relation to both of these factors simultaneously. This was the goal of the present study. EF, as measured by a working memory task, and temperamental fear, as measured via maternal report were assessed (...)
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  23.  40
    The Scottish Philosophy of Common Sense.S. A. GRAVE - 1960 - Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press.
  24. Executive Compensation : Unjust or Just Right?John R. Boatright - 2010 - In George G. Brenkert & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Business Ethics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  25.  11
    Improving Executive Function in Childhood: Evaluation of a Training Intervention for 5-Year-Old Children.Laura Traverso, Paola Viterbori & Maria Carmen Usai - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  26.  60
    Executive Functions in Insight Versus Non-Insight Problem Solving: An Individual Differences Approach.K. J. Gilhooly & E. Fioratou - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):355-376.
  27.  20
    Executive Functioning as a Potential Mediator of Age-Related Cognitive Decline in Normal Adults.Timothy A. Salthouse, Thomas M. Atkinson & Diane E. Berish - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (4):566.
  28.  87
    Executive Compensation: Excessive or Equitable? [REVIEW]Donald Nichols & Chandra Subramaniam - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (4):339 - 351.
    The eighties and nineties have seen much debate about CEO compensation. Critics of CEO compensation support their contention of excessive and inequitable CEO pay based on a number of factors and premises. This paper examines the validity of these arguments. We show why many of these arguments fail to persuade, in part, because they attempt to determine propriety of CEO pay without having a definitive standard for comparison. Arguments based on comparisons between CEO pay and the pay of other individuals (...)
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  29.  13
    Executive Compensation and Employee Remuneration: The Flexible Principles of Justice in Pay.Michel Magnan & Dominic Martin - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 160 (1):89-105.
    This paper investigates a series of normative principles that are used to justify different aspects of executive compensation within business firms, as well as the remuneration of lower-ranking employees. We look at how businesses perform pay benchmarking; employees’ engagement, fidelity and loyalty ; and the acceptability of what we call both-ends-dipping, that is, receiving both ex ante and ex post benefits for the same work. We make two observations. First, either different or incoherent principles are used to justify the (...)
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  30.  10
    Is Executive Control Related to Working Memory Capacity and Fluid Intelligence?Alodie Rey-Mermet, Miriam Gade, Alessandra S. Souza, Claudia C. von Bastian & Klaus Oberauer - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (8):1335-1372.
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    Executive Compensation and Corporate Fraud in China.Martin J. Conyon & Lerong He - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (4):669-691.
    This study investigates the relation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud in China. We document a significantly negative correlation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud using data on publicly traded firms between 2005 and 2010. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that firms penalize CEOs for fraud by lowering their pay. We also find that CEO compensation is lower in firms that commit more severe frauds. Panel data fixed effects and propensity score methods are used to demonstrate these effects. (...)
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  32.  25
    Executive Values and the Ethics of Company Politics: Some Preliminary Findings. [REVIEW]Shaker A. Zahra - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (1):15 - 29.
    A model of correlates of executives' views of organizational politics was presented. The model incorporated three sets of variables: executives' background, values and attitudes. Data collected from 302 managers were used to validate the model. The results showed that precursors of executive perceptions of the ethics and effect of company politics were different. Values were stronger than background variables in explaining executives' views of company politics.
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  33.  5
    Assessing Executive Function in Adolescence: A Scoping Review of Existing Measures and Their Psychometric Robustness.Moses K. Nyongesa, Derrick Ssewanyana, Agnes M. Mutua, Esther Chongwo, Gaia Scerif, Charles R. J. C. Newton & Amina Abubakar - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  34.  41
    Executive Attitudes, Organizational Size and Ethical Issues: Perspectives on a Service Industry. [REVIEW]Paul R. Murphy, Jonathan E. Smith & James M. Daley - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):11 - 19.
    Responding to Randall and Gibson''s (1990) call for more rigorous methodologies in empirically-based ethics research, this paper develops propositions — based on both previous ethics research as well as the larger organizational behavior literature — examining the impact of attitudes, leadership, presence/absence of ethical codes and organizational size on corporate ethical behavior. The results, which come from a mail survey of 149 companies in a major U.S. service industry, indicate that attitudes and organizational size are the best predictors of ethical (...)
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  35.  33
    Why Scottish Philosophy Matters.Alexander Broadie - 2000 - Saltire Society.
    CHAPTER Introduction I do not take lightly the title of this book. I believe that Scottish philosophy matters greatly and my principal aim is to say why it ...
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  36.  12
    The Scottish Philosophy: Biographical, Expository, Critical, From Hutcheson to Hamilton.James McCosh - 1874 - Hildesheim, Georg Olms.
    1875. McCosh, Eleventh President of Princeton University, he was a supporter of the Scottish School of Philosophy, and the work of Thomas Reid and Dugald ...
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  37.  32
    Recasting Scottish Sentimentalism: The Peculiarity of Moral Approval.Remy Debes - 2012 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 10 (1):91-115.
    By founding morality on the particular sentiments of approbation and disapprobation, Shaftesbury, Hutcheson, Hume, and Smith implied that the nature of moral judgment was far more intuitive and accessible than their rationalist predecessors and contemporaries would, or at least easily could, allow. And yet, these ‘Sentimentalists’ faced the longstanding belief that the human affective psyche is a veritable labyrinth – an obstacle to practical morality if not something literally brutish in us. The Scottish Sentimentalists thus implicitly tasked themselves with (...)
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  38. Modesty as an Executive Virtue.Sungwoo Um - 2019 - American Philosophical Quarterly 56 (3):303-317.
    This paper aims to offer a new insight on the virtue of modesty. It argues that modesty is best understood as an executive virtue with the moderate evaluative attitude at its center. The main goals are to describe the main features of this evaluative attitude and to distinguish it from other features that are only contingently associated with modesty. Then some distinctive features of modesty as an executive virtue are suggested and defended. Next, some of existing accounts are (...)
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  39.  26
    Executive Functions and the Down-Regulation and Up-Regulation of Emotion.Anett Gyurak, Madeleine S. Goodkind, Joel H. Kramer, Bruce L. Miller & Robert W. Levenson - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):103-118.
  40.  83
    The Scottish Enlightenment, Unintended Consequences and the Science of Man.Craig Smith - 2009 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 7 (1):9-28.
    It is a commonplace that the writers of eighteenth century Scotland played a key role in shaping the early practice of social science. This paper examines how this ‘Scottish’ contribution to the Enlightenment generation of social science was shaped by the fascination with unintended consequences. From Adam Smith's invisible hand to Hume's analysis of convention, through Ferguson's sociology, and Millar's discussion of rank, by way of Robertson's View of Progress, the concept of unintended consequences pervades the writing of the (...)
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  41.  6
    The Executive Functions in Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review of Neuropsychological Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Studies.Francesca Favieri, Giuseppe Forte & Maria Casagrande - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  42.  16
    Executive Compensation and Employee Remuneration: The Flexible Principles of Justice in Pay.Michel Magnan & Dominic Martin - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics:1-17.
    This paper investigates a series of normative principles that are used to justify different aspects of executive compensation within business firms, as well as the remuneration of lower-ranking employees. We look at how businesses perform pay benchmarking; employees’ engagement, fidelity and loyalty ; and the acceptability of what we call both-ends-dipping, that is, receiving both ex ante and ex post benefits for the same work. We make two observations. First, either different or incoherent principles are used to justify the (...)
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  43.  22
    Prison Brain? Executive Dysfunction in Prisoners.J. Meijers, J. M. Harte, F. A. Jonker & G. Meynen - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  44.  19
    Executive Function Depletion in Children and its Impact on Theory of Mind.Lindsey J. Powell & Susan Carey - 2017 - Cognition 164:150-162.
  45.  56
    Executive Functions in Synesthesia.Romke Rouw, Joram van Driel, Koen Knip & K. Richard Ridderinkhof - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):184-202.
    In grapheme-color synesthesia, a number or letter can evoke two different and possibly conflicting color sensations at the same time. In this study, we investigate the relationship between synesthesia and executive control functions. First, no general skill differences were obtained between synesthetes and non-synesthetes in classic executive control paradigms. Furthermore, classic executive control effects did not interact with synesthetic behavioral effects. Third, we found support for our hypothesis that inhibition of a synesthetic color takes effort and time. (...)
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  46.  15
    Cognitive Underpinnings of Moral Reasoning in Adolescence: The Contribution of Executive Functions.E. Vera-Estay, J. J. Dooley & M. H. Beauchamp - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (1):17-33.
    Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by intense changes, which impact the interaction between individuals and their environments. Moral reasoning is an important skill during adolescence because it guides social decisions between right and wrong. Identifying the cognitive underpinnings of MR is essential to understanding the development of this function. The aim of this study was to explore predictors of MR in typically developing adolescents and the specific contribution of higher order cognitive processing using an innovative visual MR assessment tool (...)
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  47.  5
    Early Executive Function at Age Two Predicts Emergent Mathematics and Literacy at Age Five.Hanna Mulder, Josje Verhagen, Sanne H. G. Van der Ven, Pauline L. Slot & Paul P. M. Leseman - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  48.  26
    Supramodal Executive Control of Attention.Alfredo Spagna, Melissa-Ann Mackie & Jin Fan - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  49.  16
    Executive Function in Learning Mathematics by Comparison: Incorporating Everyday Classrooms Into the Science of Learning.Kreshnik Nasi Begolli, Lindsey Engle Richland, Susanne M. Jaeggi, Emily McLaughlin Lyons, Ellen C. Klostermann & Bryan J. Matlen - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (2):280-313.
  50. The Legal Self: Executive Processes and Legal Theory.William Hirstein & Katrina Sifferd - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (1):151-176.
    When laws or legal principles mention mental states such as intentions to form a contract, knowledge of risk, or purposely causing a death, what parts of the brain are they speaking about? We argue here that these principles are tacitly directed at our prefrontal executive processes. Our current best theories of consciousness portray it as a workspace in which executive processes operate, but what is important to the law is what is done with the workspace content rather than (...)
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