Results for 'Sharon S. Krag'

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  1.  99
    Issues in Data Management.Sharon S. Krag - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):743-748.
    Data management raises a number of issues, both regulatory and non-regulatory. Researchers should understand how data are defined by their particular institutions and regulatory authorities. Data are the bases of scientific communication and provide a strong defense against allegations of scientific misconduct. Authorization is often necessary before collection of data can commence. Proper handling, retention, and storage of data, especially that involving humans, are crucial for the researcher. Data ownership by the institution leads to a responsibility by the institution to (...)
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  2.  11
    On the Importance of Research Ethics and Mentoring.Ruth R. Faden, Michael J. Klag, Nancy E. Kass & Sharon S. Krag - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (4):50 – 51.
  3.  1
    Borrowing Privilege: Status Maneuvering Among Marginalized Men.Kristen Barber & Sharon S. Oselin - 2019 - Gender and Society 33 (2):201-223.
    Research shows people confront social marginalization through work, yet this scholarship largely ignores people working in illicit markets. We address this gap by investigating how and to what end men in street prostitution “borrow” privilege from their more structurally advantaged clients. Drawing from interviews with men of color in street sex work, we show how they “status maneuver” to offset stigmatized identities tied to prostitution and to construct a masculinity that offers a greater sense of social worth within constrained circumstances. (...)
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  4. Book Review: Leaving Prostitution: Getting Out and Staying Out of Sex Work by Sharon S. Oselin. [REVIEW]Donna Sabella - 2015 - Gender and Society 29 (4):595-597.
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  5.  6
    Social Stratification and Allostatic Load: Shapes of Health Differences in the MIDUS Study in the United States.Javier M. Rodriguez, Arun S. Karlamangla, Tara L. Gruenewald, Dana Miller-Martinez, Sharon S. Merkin & Teresa E. Seeman - 2019 - Journal of Biosocial Science 51 (5):627-644.
    Social stratification is an important mechanism of human organization that helps to explain health differences between demographic groups commonly associated with socioeconomic gradients. Individuals, or group of individuals, with similar health profiles may have had different stratification experiences. This is particularly true as social stratification is a significant non-measurable source of systematic unobservable differences in both SES indicators and health statuses of disadvantage. The goal of the present study was to expand the bulk of research that has traditionally treated socioeconomic (...)
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  6. Wright, Rex A. (Ed); Greenberg, Jeff (Ed); Brehm, Sharon S. (Ed). (2004). Motivational Analyses of Social Behavior: Building on Jack Brehm's Contributions to Psychology. (Pp. 57-75). Mahwah, NJ, US. [REVIEW]Paul J. Silvia & Thomas Shelley Duval - 2004
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  7.  20
    Disability Studies, Körper Und Das Komplexe Feld der Identitäten Ein Interview MIT Sharon S. Snyder Und David T. Mitchell.Anja Tervooren - 2002 - Die Philosophin 13 (25):115-124.
  8.  2
    Disability Studies, Körper und das komplexe Feld der Identitäten Ein Interview mit Sharon S. Snyder und David T. Mitchell.Anja Tervooren - 2002 - Die Philosophin 13 (25):115-124.
  9.  5
    Review of Maya J. Goldenberg’s Vaccine Hesitancy: Public Trust, Expertise, and the War on Science - Maya J. Goldenberg, Vaccine Hesitancy: Public Trust, Expertise, and the War on Science. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press (2021), 264 Pp., $32.00 (Paperback). [REVIEW]Sharon Crasnow - 2022 - Philosophy of Science 89 (3):654-658.
  10.  1
    The Idea of Disability in the Eighteenth Century.Sharon Alker, Emile Bojesen, Jess Domanico, Jason S. Farr, Jess Keiser, Paul Kelleher, Jamie Kinsley, Dana Gliserman Kopans, Holly Faith Nelson & Anna K. Sagal (eds.) - 2014 - Bucknell University Press.
    The Idea of Disability in the Eighteenth Century is a wide-ranging collection of essays that explores philosophy, biography, and texts about and by disabled people living in the eighteenth century. The book, which introduces and affirms the notion that disability studies predates most United States and United Kingdom findings by more than a hundred years, will be of interest to philosophers, historians, sociologists, and literary scholars.
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  11.  46
    Health as Normal Function: A Weak Link in Daniels's Theory of Just Health Distribution.Erik Krag - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (3):427-435.
    Drawing on Christopher Boorse's Biostatistical Theory (BST), Norman Daniels contends that a genuine health need is one which is necessary to restore normal functioning – a supposedly objective notion which he believes can be read from the natural world without reference to potentially controversial normative categories. But despite his claims to the contrary, this conception of health harbors arbitrary evaluative judgments which make room for intractable disagreement as to which conditions should count as genuine health needs and therefore which needs (...)
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  12.  29
    Blind-Sided by Privacy? Digital Contact Tracing, the Apple/Google API and Big Tech’s Newfound Role as Global Health Policy Makers.Tamar Sharon - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (S1):45-57.
    Since the outbreak of COVID-19, governments have turned their attention to digital contact tracing. In many countries, public debate has focused on the risks this technology poses to privacy, with advocates and experts sounding alarm bells about surveillance and mission creep reminiscent of the post 9/11 era. Yet, when Apple and Google launched their contact tracing API in April 2020, some of the world’s leading privacy experts applauded this initiative for its privacy-preserving technical specifications. In an interesting twist, the tech (...)
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  13.  19
    Kant's Doctrine of Right: A Commentary.B. Sharon Byrd & Joachim Hruschka - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Published in 1797, the Doctrine of Right is Kant's most significant contribution to legal and political philosophy. As the first part of the Metaphysics of Morals, it deals with the legal rights which persons have or can acquire, and aims at providing the grounding for lasting international peace through the idea of the juridical state. This commentary analyzes Kant's system of individual rights, starting from the original innate right to external freedom, and ending with the right to own property and (...)
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  14.  4
    Hugo Grotius and Marriage’s Global Past: Conjugal Thinking in Early Modern Political Thought.Sharon Achinstein - 2020 - Journal of the History of Ideas 81 (2):195-215.
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  15.  1
    Kant's Doctrine of Right: A Commentary.B. Sharon Byrd & Joachim Hruschka - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Published in 1797, the Doctrine of Right is Kant's most significant contribution to legal and political philosophy. As the first part of the Metaphysics of Morals, it deals with the legal rights which persons have or can acquire, and aims at providing the grounding for lasting international peace through the idea of the juridical state. This commentary analyzes Kant's system of individual rights, starting from the original innate right to external freedom, and ending with the right to own property and (...)
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  16. On Sharon and Spectre’s Argument Against Closure.Juan Comesaña - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (4):1039-1046.
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  17. Health as Normal Function: A Weak Link in Daniels's Theory of Just Health Distribution.Erik Krag - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (8):427-435.
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  18.  6
    Kierkegaard’s Notion of a Divine Name and the Feasibility of Universal Love.Sharon Krishek - 2019 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 57 (4):539-560.
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  19.  12
    Welcome to the Men's Club: Homosociality and the Maintenance of Hegemonic Masculinity.Sharon R. Bird - 1996 - Gender and Society 10 (2):120-132.
    This study focuses on multiple masculinities conceptualized in terms of sociality, a concept used to refer to nonsexual interpersonal attractions. Through male homosocial heterosexual interactions, hegemonic masculinity is maintained as the norm to which men are held accountable despite individual conceptualizations of masculinity that depart from that norm. When it is understood among heterosexual men in homosocial circles that masculinity means being emotionally detached and competitive and that masculinity involves viewing women as sexual objects, their daily interactions help perpetuate a (...)
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  20. Kant's Theory of Punishment: Deterrence in its Threat, Retribution in its Execution. [REVIEW]B. Sharon Byrd - 1989 - Law and Philosophy 8 (2):151 - 200.
    Kant's theory of punishment is commonly regarded as purely retributive in nature, and indeed much of his discourse seems to support that interpretation. Still, it leaves one with certain misgivings regarding the internal consistency of his position. Perhaps the problem lies not in Kant's inconsistency nor in the senility sometimes claimed to be apparent in the Metaphysic of Morals, but rather in a superimposed, modern yet monistic view of punishment. Historical considerations tend to show that Kant was discussing not one, (...)
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  21.  34
    Sharon Street’s Unsuccessful Argument Against Theism.Philip Pegan - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 86 (1):17-24.
    Sharon Street has argued that we should reject theism because we can accept it only at the cost of having good reason to doubt the reliability of our judgments as to what moral reasons there are. The success of her argument depends on the assumption that no realist account of normative reasons that validates commonsense morality has a tenable secular epistemology. I argue that even given this assumption Street’s argument does not succeed.
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  22.  11
    Let's Move Beyond Critique—But Please, Let's Not Depoliticize the Debate.Tamar Sharon - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (2):20-22.
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  23. How to Be a Progressive Without Looking Like One: History and Knowledge in Bacon's New Atlantis.Sharon Achinstein - 1988 - Clio: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 17 (3):249-264.
     
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  24. Literature and Dissent in Milton's England.Sharon Achinstein - 2005 - Utopian Studies 16 (3):478-482.
  25.  17
    Process Tracing in Political Science: What's the Story?Sharon Crasnow - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 62:6-13.
    Methodologists in political science have advocated for causal process tracing as a way of providing evidence for causal mechanisms. Recent analyses of the method have sought to provide more rigorous accounts of how it provides such evidence. These accounts have focused on the role of process tracing for causal inference and specifically on the way it can be used with case studies for testing hypotheses. While the analyses do provide an account of such testing, they pay little attention to the (...)
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  26.  56
    Kant's Anatomy of Evil.Sharon Anderson-Gold & Pablo Muchnik (eds.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant infamously claimed that all human beings, without exception, are evil by nature. This collection of essays critically examines and elucidates what he must have meant by this indictment. It shows the role which evil plays in his overall philosophical project and analyses its relation to individual autonomy. Furthermore, it explores the relevance of Kant's views for understanding contemporary questions such as crimes against humanity and moral reconstruction. Leading scholars in the field engage a wide range of sources from which (...)
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  27. A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value.Sharon Street - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 127 (1):109-166.
    Contemporary realist theories of value claim to be compatible with natural science. In this paper, I call this claim into question by arguing that Darwinian considerations pose a dilemma for these theories. The main thrust of my argument is this. Evolutionary forces have played a tremendous role in shaping the content of human evaluative attitudes. The challenge for realist theories of value is to explain the relation between these evolutionary influences on our evaluative attitudes, on the one hand, and the (...)
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  28.  78
    Collateral Damage: How High-Stakes Testing Corrupts America's Schools.Sharon L. Nichols, David C. Berliner & Nel Noddings - 2007 - Harvard Education Press.
    Drawing on their extensive research, Nichols and Berliner document and categorize the ways that high-stakes testing threatens the purposes and ideals of the American education system. For more than a decade, the debate over high-stakes testing has dominated the field of education. This passionate and provocative book provides a fresh perspective on the issue and powerful ammunition for opponents of high-stakes tests. Their analysis is grounded in the application of Campbell’s Law, which posits that the greater the social consequences associated (...)
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  29. Hobbes's Moral and Political Philosophy.Sharon A. Lloyd & Susanne Sreedhar - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The 17th Century English philosopher Thomas Hobbes is now widely regarded as one of a handful of truly great political philosophers, whose masterwork Leviathan rivals in significance the political writings of Plato, Aristotle, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Rawls. Hobbes is famous for his early and elaborate development of what has come to be known as “social contract theory”, the method of justifying political principles or arrangements by appeal to the agreement that would be made among suitably situated rational, free, and (...)
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  30. Mr. Magoo’s Mistake.Assaf Sharon & Levi Spectre - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 139 (2):289-306.
    Timothy Williamson has famously argued that the principle should be rejected. We analyze Williamson's argument and show that its key premise is ambiguous, and that when it is properly stated this premise no longer supports the argument against. After canvassing possible objections to our argument, we reflect upon some conclusions that suggest significant epistemological ramifications pertaining to the acquisition of knowledge from prior knowledge by deduction.
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  31.  57
    Kant’s Rejection of Devilishness: The Limits of Human Volition.Sharon Anderson-Gold - 1984 - Idealistic Studies 14 (1):35-48.
    Human nature and its implications for moral philosophy has been a recurrent topic of philosophical inquiry. Thinkers from Plato to Arendt, struggling with the testimony of human experience, have attempted to explain the relation between reason and wickedness. Some have stressed the intrinsic rationality and goodness of human beings, relegating evil to the influence of factors alien to reason. Others have viewed humans as intrinsically evil, their capacity for reason a weak and inconsequential force.
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  32.  50
    Children's Participation: An Arendtian Criticism.Sharon Jessop - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (9):979-996.
    Hannah Arendt's critique of education in 1950s USA provides an important way of understanding the development of citizenship education. Her theory on the nature of childhood and her concepts of natality and authority give insight into both the directions of current policies and practices, and the possible future states into which these elements may crystallise. It is argued that education for citizenship is an expression of the hope that children will ‘save’ us from ourselves and that there are two distinct (...)
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  33.  14
    Sharon M. Rowley, The Old English Version of Bede's “Historia Ecclesiastica.” (Anglo-Saxon Studies 16.) Cambridge, UK: D. S. Brewer, 2011. Pp. Xi, 257; 9 Black-and-White Figures and 8 Tables. $99. ISBN: 9781843842736. [REVIEW]Nicole Guenther Discenza - 2013 - Speculum 88 (4):1156-1158.
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  34.  63
    Malament–Hogarth Machines and Tait’s Axiomatic Conception of Mathematics.Sharon Berry - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (4):893-907.
    In this paper I will argue that Tait’s axiomatic conception of mathematics implies that it is in principle impossible to be justified in believing a mathematical statement without being justified in believing that statement to be provable. I will then show that there are possible courses of experience which would justify acceptance of a mathematical statement without justifying belief that this statement is provable.
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  35.  34
    Rousseau’s Social Contract: An Introduction by David Lay Williams. [REVIEW]Sharon K. Vaughan - 2015 - Review of Metaphysics 69 (1):159-160.
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  36.  51
    The Enactment of Love by Faith: On Kierkegaard’s Distinction Between Love and Its Works.Sharon Krishek - 2010 - Faith and Philosophy 27 (1):3-21.
    The aim of this paper is to throw light on Kierkegaard’s neglected distinction between love and its works, and by doing so to resolve the ambivalence in his position with regard to preferential love in Works of Love. In this text Kierkegaard seems to fail to reconcile his insistence on neighbourly love’s demand for equality and self-denial, with his wish to affirm the centrality of preferential love to human existence. My claim is that neighbourly love and preferential love are two (...)
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  37. The State's Oversight: From Sexual Bodies to Erotic Selves.Sharon Marcus - 2011 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 78 (2):509-532.
    In thinking about the relationship between the sexed body and the state, it is worth recalling that both have a history. This essay, divided into two sections, uses the example of nineteenth-century England, which has had an exemplary status in scholarship on both the state and sexuality, to highlight the variability of law and government with respect to the body. The first section shows how a particular state during a key historical period produced sexuality through its decisions to protect and (...)
     
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  38.  4
    Rapid Acquisition of Phonological Alternations by Infants.James L. Morgan Katherine S. White, Sharon Peperkamp, Cecilia Kirk - 2008 - Cognition 107 (1):238.
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  39.  30
    American Pragmatism and the Global City: Engaging Saskia Sassen’s Work.Sharon M. Meagher - 2013 - The Pluralist 8 (3):83-89.
    A Dialogue between American pragmatists in the Deweyan tradition and Saskia Sassen is profitable in at least two ways. First, Sassen’s call for “analytic tactics” might be understood in terms of Dewey’s understanding of “soft method.” Second, Sassen is a model of the publicly engaged scholar, not only because she lives the work but also because she connects theory and empirical research in ways that are necessary if we are to follow the Deweyan call to philosophers to address social problems (...)
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  40. Two Forms of Love: The Problem of Preferential Love in Kierkegaard's Works of Love.Sharon Krishek - 2008 - Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (4):595-617.
    The duty to love one's neighbor as oneself is at the core of Kierkegaard's Works of Love . In this book, Kierkegaard unfolds the meaning of neighborly love and claims that it is the only valid form of true love. He contrasts between neighborly love and preferential love (which includes romantic love and friendship) and criticizes the latter for being nothing but a form of selfishness. However, in some contexts, Kierkegaard seems to acknowledge the significance of preferential love relationships, and (...)
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  41.  55
    Ockham's Razor.Sharon Kaye - 2003 - Think 2 (4):91-95.
    Ockham's razor is one of the best-known and most useful tools in the philosopher's toolkit. Here Sharon Kaye explains how the razor works, and also how it may have come by its name.
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  42.  34
    Exploring the Public Understanding of Basic Genetic Concepts.Sharon L. R. Kardia, Jane P. Sheldon, Elizabeth M. Petty, Merle Feldbaum, Elizabeth S. Anderson, Angela D. Lanie & Toby Epstein Jayaratne - unknown
    It is predicted that the rapid acquisition of new genetic knowledge and related applications during the next decade will have significant implications for virtually all members of society. Currently, most people get exposed to information about genes and genetics only through stories publicized in the media. We sought to understand how individuals in the general population used and understood the concepts of ???genetics??? and ???genes.??? During in-depth one-on-one telephone interviews with adults in the United States, we asked questions exploring their (...)
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  43.  21
    Towards a Seamful Ethics of Covid-19 Contact Tracing Apps?Andrew S. Hoffman, Bart Jacobs, Bernard van Gastel, Hanna Schraffenberger, Tamar Sharon & Berber Pas - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (S1):105-115.
    In the early months of 2020, the deadly Covid-19 disease spread rapidly around the world. In response, national and regional governments implemented a range of emergency lockdown measures, curtailing citizens’ movements and greatly limiting economic activity. More recently, as restrictions begin to be loosened or lifted entirely, the use of so-called contact tracing apps has figured prominently in many jurisdictions’ plans to reopen society. Critics have questioned the utility of such technologies on a number of fronts, both practical and ethical. (...)
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  44.  10
    Comments on Erik Krag’s “A New Timing Objection to Frankfurt Cases”.Kelly McCormick - 2017 - Southwest Philosophy Review 33 (2):65-68.
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  45.  34
    The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of the City.Joseph S. Biehl, Samantha Noll & Sharon M. Meagher (eds.) - 2019 - London, UK: Routledge.
    The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of the City is an outstanding reference source to this exciting subject and the first collection of its kind. Comprising 40 chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into clear sections addressing the following central topics: -/- • Historical Philosophical Engagements with Cities -/- • Modern and Contemporary Philosophical Theories of the City -/- • Urban Aesthetics -/- • Urban Politics -/- • Citizenship -/- • Urban Environments and the Creation/Destruction of (...)
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  46.  12
    Sharon A. Suh by Silver Screen Buddha: Buddhism In Asian And Western Film, And: Seeing Like The Buddha: Enlightenment Through Film by Francisca Cho.S. Brent Plate - 2018 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 38 (1):383-385.
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  47.  1
    Medieval Philosophy: A Beginner's Guide.Sharon M. Kaye - 2008 - Oneworld.
    In this fast-paced, enlightening guide, Sharon M. Kaye takes us on a whistle-stop tour of medieval philosophy, revealing its astounding legacy to the discipline today.
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  48.  2
    Guoping Zhao’s Subjectivity and Infinity: Questions for Education in Times of Climate Emergency.Sharon Todd - forthcoming - Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-4.
  49. Would You Conduct a Meeting by Compressed Video? A Survey of VCCS Administrators.Sharon M. Martin, Susan S. Beasley & Geoffrey M. Hicks - 1998 - Inquiry (Misc) 3 (1):44-53.
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  50. Formal Proof in High School Geometry: Student Perceptions of Structure, Validity, and Purpose.Sharon Ms Mccrone & Tami S. Martin - 2009 - In Despina A. Stylianou, Maria L. Blanton & Eric J. Knuth (eds.), Teaching and Learning Proof Across the Grades: A K-16 Perspective. Routledge.
     
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