Results for 'Sheila Nataraj Kirby'

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  1. Establishing a Research and Evaluation Capability for the Joint Medical Education and Training Campus.Sheila Nataraj Kirby - 2011 - Rand Center for Military Policy Research.
    Introduction -- Need for a research and evaluation capability : becoming a high-performing organization -- Need for a research and evaluation capability : accreditation requirements -- Structure and scope of an office of institutional research : findings from interviews -- Lessons learned from organizations with training missions similar to that of METC -- Conclusions and recommendations.
     
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  2. Function, Selection, and Innateness the Emergence of Language Universals.Simon Kirby - 1999 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book explores issues at the core of modern linguistics and cognitive science. Why are all languages similar in some ways and in others utterly different? Why do languages change and change variably? How did the human capacity for language evolve, and how far did it do so as an innate ability? Simon Kirby looks at these questions from a broad perspective, arguing that they can be studied together. The author begins by examining how far the universal properties of (...)
     
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  3. Function, Selection, and Innateness: The Emergence of Language Universals.Simon Kirby - 1999 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book explores issues at the core of modern linguistics and cognitive science. Why are all languages similar in some ways and in others utterly different? Why do languages change and change variably? How did the human capacity for language evolve, and how far did it do so as an innate ability? Simon Kirby looks at these questions from a broad perspective, arguing that they can be studied together. The author begins by examining how far the universal properties of (...)
     
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  4.  23
    Aristotle's Metaphysics: Form, Matter, and Identity.Jeremy Kirby - 2008 - Continuum.
    " "Jeremy Kirby addresses a difficulty in Aristotle's metaphysics, namely the possibility that two organisms of the same species might share the same matter.
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  5. The Gamma Paradoxes: An Analysis of the Fourth Book of Aristotle’s Metaphysics.Jeremy Kirby - 2018 - Lexington Books.
    In this book, Jeremy Kirby analyzes Book Gamma of Aristotle's Metaphysics and introduces the debates such as relativism versus the idea of a ready-made world, the possibility of true contradictions, the nature and possibility of metaphysics, the limits of thought, and logic.
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  6.  26
    Compression and Communication in the Cultural Evolution of Linguistic Structure.Simon Kirby, Monica Tamariz, Hannah Cornish & Kenny Smith - 2015 - Cognition 141:87-102.
  7.  72
    Language Evolution: Consensus and Controversies.Morten H. Christiansen & Simon Kirby - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):300-307.
  8.  15
    Balancing Legitimate Critical-Care Interests: Setting Defensible Care Limits Through Policy Development.Jeffrey Kirby - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1):38-47.
    Critical-care decision making is highly complex, given the need for health care providers and organizations to consider, and constructively respond to, the diverse interests and perspectives of a variety of legitimate stakeholders. Insights derived from an identified set of ethics-related considerations have the potential to meaningfully inform inclusive and deliberative policy development that aims to optimally balance the competing obligations that arise in this challenging, clinical decision-making domain. A potential, constructive outcome of such policy engagement is the collaborative development of (...)
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  9.  13
    Contextual Predictability Shapes Signal Autonomy.James Winters, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2018 - Cognition 176:15-30.
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  10.  82
    Transnational Gestational Surrogacy: Does It Have to Be Exploitative?Jeffrey Kirby - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (5):24-32.
    This article explores the controversial practice of transnational gestational surrogacy and poses a provocative question: Does it have to be exploitative? Various existing models of exploitation are considered and a novel exploitation-evaluation heuristic is introduced to assist in the analysis of the potentially exploitative dimensions/elements of complex health-related practices. On the basis of application of the heuristic, I conclude that transnational gestational surrogacy, as currently practiced in low-income country settings , is exploitative of surrogate women. Arising out of consideration of (...)
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  11.  49
    Self Domestication and the Evolution of Language.James Thomas & Simon Kirby - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (1-2):9.
    We set out an account of how self-domestication plays a crucial role in the evolution of language. In doing so, we focus on the growing body of work that treats language structure as emerging from the process of cultural transmission. We argue that a full recognition of the importance of cultural transmission fundamentally changes the kind of questions we should be asking regarding the biological basis of language structure. If we think of language structure as reflecting an accumulated set of (...)
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  12. Scepticism About Beneficiary Pays: A Critique.Christian Barry & Robert Kirby - 2015 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (4):285-300.
    Some moral theorists argue that being an innocent beneficiary of significant harms inflicted by others may be sufficient to ground special duties to address the hardships suffered by the victims, at least when it is impossible to extract compensation from those who perpetrated the harm. This idea has been applied to climate change in the form of the beneficiary-pays principle. Other philosophers, however, are quite sceptical about beneficiary pays. Our aim in this article is to examine their critiques. We conclude (...)
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  13. Language Evolution in the Laboratory.Thomas C. Scott-Phillips & Simon Kirby - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (9):411-417.
  14.  33
    Signalling Signalhood and the Emergence of Communication.Thomas C. Scott-Phillips, Simon Kirby & Graham R. S. Ritchie - 2009 - Cognition 113 (2):226-233.
  15.  7
    Probabilities and Utilities of Fictional Outcomes in Wason's Four-Card Selection Task.Kris N. Kirby - 1994 - Cognition 51 (1):1-28.
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  16. Quantum Anthropologies: Life at Large.Vicki Kirby - 2011 - Duke University Press.
    Anthropology diffracted : originary humanicity -- Just figures?: forensic clairvoyance, mathematics, and the language question -- Enumerating language : "The unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics" -- Natural convers(at)ions : or, what if culture was really nature all along? -- (Con)founding "the human" : rethinking the incest taboo -- Culpability and the double-cross : Irigaray with Merleau-Ponty.
     
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  17.  18
    Culture: Copying, Compression, and Conventionality.Mónica Tamariz & Simon Kirby - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):171-183.
    Through cultural transmission, repeated learning by new individuals transforms cultural information, which tends to become increasingly compressible . Existing diffusion chain studies include in their design two processes that could be responsible for this tendency: learning and reproducing . This paper manipulates the presence of learning in a simple iterated drawing design experiment. We find that learning seems to be the causal factor behind the increase in compressibility observed in the transmitted information, while reproducing is a source of random heritable (...)
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  18.  17
    Word Meanings Evolve to Selectively Preserve Distinctions on Salient Dimensions.Catriona Silvey, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):212-226.
    Words refer to objects in the world, but this correspondence is not one-to-one: Each word has a range of referents that share features on some dimensions but differ on others. This property of language is called underspecification. Parts of the lexicon have characteristic patterns of underspecification; for example, artifact nouns tend to specify shape, but not color, whereas substance nouns specify material but not shape. These regularities in the lexicon enable learners to generalize new words appropriately. How does the lexicon (...)
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  19.  15
    Heroin Addicts Have Higher Discount Rates for Delayed Rewards Than Non-Drug-Using Controls.Kris N. Kirby, Nancy M. Petry & Warren K. Bickel - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (1):78.
  20.  49
    Do Corporations Have a Duty to Be Trustworthy?Nikolas Kirby, Andrew Kirton & Aisling Crean - 2018 - Journal of the British Academy 6 (Supplementary issue 1):75-129.
    Since the global financial crisis in 2008, corporations have faced a crisis of trust, with growing sentiment against ‘elites and ‘big business’ and a feeling that ‘something ought to be done’ to re-establish public regard for corporations. Trust and trustworthiness are deeply moral significant. They provide the ‘glue or lubricant’ that begets reciprocity, decreases risk, secures dignity and respect, and safeguards against the subordination of the powerless to the powerful. However, in deciding how to restore trust, it is difficult to (...)
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  21.  23
    Scepticism About Beneficiary Pays: A Critique.Christian Barry & Robert Kirby - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):282-300.
    Some moral theorists argue that being an innocent beneficiary of significant harms inflicted by others may be sufficient to ground special duties to address the hardships suffered by the victims, at least when it is impossible to extract compensation from those who perpetrated the harm. This idea has been applied to climate change in the form of the beneficiary-pays principle. Other philosophers, however, are quite sceptical about beneficiary pays. Our aim in this article is to examine their critiques. We conclude (...)
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  22.  22
    Gadamer, Dewey, and the Importance of Play in Philosophical Inquiry.Christopher Kirby - 2016 - Reason Papers 38 (1).
  23.  30
    The Limits to Setting Limits on Critical-Care Delivery: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Balancing Legitimate Critical-Care Interests: Setting Defensible Care Limits Through Policy Development”.Jeffrey Kirby - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1):5-8.
    Critical-care decision making is highly complex, given the need for health care providers and organizations to consider, and constructively respond to, the diverse interests and perspectives of a variety of legitimate stakeholders. Insights derived from an identified set of ethics-related considerations have the potential to meaningfully inform inclusive and deliberative policy development that aims to optimally balance the competing obligations that arise in this challenging, clinical decision-making domain. A potential, constructive outcome of such policy engagement is the collaborative development of (...)
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  24.  14
    The Emergence of Linguistic Structure: An Overview of the Iterated Learning Model.Simon Kirby & James R. Hurford - 2002 - In A. Cangelosi & D. Parisi (eds.), Simulating the Evolution of Language. Springer Verlag. pp. 121--147.
  25.  11
    Minimal Requirements for the Emergence of Learned Signaling.Matthew Spike, Kevin Stadler, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (7):623-658.
    The emergence of signaling systems has been observed in numerous experimental and real-world contexts, but there is no consensus on which shared mechanisms underlie such phenomena. A number of explanatory mechanisms have been proposed within several disciplines, all of which have been instantiated as credible working models. However, they are usually framed as being mutually incompatible. Using an exemplar-based framework, we replicate these models in a minimal configuration which allows us to directly compare them. This reveals that the development of (...)
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  26.  44
    Systematicity and Arbitrariness in Novel Communication Systems.Carrie Ann Theisen, Jon Oberlander & Simon Kirby - 2010 - Interaction Studies 11 (1):14-32.
  27.  20
    On Quasiminimal Excellent Classes.Jonathan Kirby - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (2):551-564.
    A careful exposition of Zilber's quasiminimal excellent classes and their categoricity is given, leading to two new results: the L ω₁ ,ω (Q)-definability assumption may be dropped, and each class is determined by its model of dimension $\aleph _{0}$.
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  28.  16
    Iconicity and the Emergence of Combinatorial Structure in Language.Tessa Verhoef, Simon Kirby & Bart Boer - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (8):1969-1994.
    In language, recombination of a discrete set of meaningless building blocks forms an unlimited set of possible utterances. How such combinatorial structure emerged in the evolution of human language is increasingly being studied. It has been shown that it can emerge when languages culturally evolve and adapt to human cognitive biases. How the emergence of combinatorial structure interacts with the existence of holistic iconic form-meaning mappings in a language is still unknown. The experiment presented in this paper studies the role (...)
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  29.  29
    Bidding on the Future: Evidence Against Normative Discounting of Delayed Rewards.Kris N. Kirby - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 126 (1).
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  30.  18
    Deliberative Engagement: An Inclusive Methodology for Exploring Professionalization. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Kirby & Christy Simpson - 2012 - HEC Forum 24 (3):187-201.
    Early on in the development of Practicing Healthcare Ethicists Exploring Professionalization (PHEEP), the founding members recognized the need to address and meet two important goals: (1) the creation of a dynamic, rigorous process to support the exploratory work, and (2) the establishment of the means—deliberative engagement—to generate and justify the substantive content of professionalization-related products, such as practice standards and position statements. Drawing from social justice and deliberative democracy conceptions and insights (among others), the authors identify and describe the core (...)
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  31.  19
    A Note on the Axioms for Zilber’s Pseudo-Exponential Fields.Jonathan Kirby - 2013 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 54 (3-4):509-520.
    We show that Zilber’s conjecture that complex exponentiation is isomorphic to his pseudo-exponentiation follows from the a priori simpler conjecture that they are elementarily equivalent. An analysis of the first-order types in pseudo-exponentiation leads to a description of the elementary embeddings, and the result that pseudo-exponential fields are precisely the models of their common first-order theory which are atomic over exponential transcendence bases. We also show that the class of all pseudo-exponential fields is an example of a nonfinitary abstract elementary (...)
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  32. Just Figures? Forensic Clairvoyance, Mathematics, and the Language Question.Vicki Kirby - 2005 - Substance 34 (2):3-36.
  33.  8
    Systematicity and Arbitrariness in Novel Communication Systems.Carrie Ann Theisen-White, Jon Oberlander & Simon Kirby - 2010 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 11 (1):14-32.
  34.  8
    Bidding on the Future: Evidence Against Normative Discounting of Delayed Rewards.Kris N. Kirby - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 126 (1):54-70.
  35.  26
    An Innovative, Inclusive Process for Meso-Level Health Policy Development.Jeff Kirby & Christy Simpson - 2007 - HEC Forum 19 (2):161-176.
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  36.  33
    Putting Appraisal in Context: Toward a Relational Model of Appraisal and Emotion.Craig A. Smith & Leslie D. Kirby - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (7):1352-1372.
  37.  11
    An Evolutionary Approach to Sign Language Emergence: From State to Process.Yasamin Motamedi, Marieke Schouwstra & Simon Kirby - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  38.  12
    Adult Learning and Language Simplification.Mark Atkinson, Kenny Smith & Simon Kirby - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):2818-2854.
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  39. [Book Chapter] (Unpublished).James R. Hurford & Simon Kirby - 1998
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  40. The Death of Postmodernism and Beyond.Alan Kirby - 2006 - Philosophy Now 58:34-37.
  41.  19
    Finitary Set Theory.Laurence Kirby - 2009 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 50 (3):227-244.
    I argue for the use of the adjunction operator (adding a single new element to an existing set) as a basis for building a finitary set theory. It allows a simplified axiomatization for the first-order theory of hereditarily finite sets based on an induction schema and a rigorous characterization of the primitive recursive set functions. The latter leads to a primitive recursive presentation of arithmetical operations on finite sets.
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  42.  12
    Simplicity and Specificity in Language: Domain-General Biases Have Domain-Specific Effects.Jennifer Culbertson & Simon Kirby - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  43.  14
    Responding to cDCDD Ethical Challenges: Translating Analysis Into Policy Action.Jeffrey Kirby - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (8):27-29.
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  44.  11
    A Social Approach to Rule Dynamics Using an Agent‐Based Model.Christine Cuskley, Vittorio Loreto & Simon Kirby - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (4):745-758.
    A well-trod debate at the nexus of cognitive science and linguistics, the so-called past tense debate, has examined how rules and exceptions are individually acquired. However, this debate focuses primarily on individual mechanisms in learning, saying little about how rules and exceptions function from a sociolinguistic perspective. To remedy this, we use agent-based models to examine how rules and exceptions function across populations. We expand on earlier work by considering how repeated interaction and cultural transmission across speakers affects the dynamics (...)
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  45. Ethically Informed Pragmatic Conditions for Organ Donation After Cardiocirculatory Death: Could They Assist in Policy Development?Jeffrey Kirby - 2013 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 24:373-380.
    The modern practice of organ donation after cardiocirculatory death emerged in the 1990s as a response to the alarmingly wide gap between the number of transplantable organs available through organ donation after neurological death and the urgent organ transplantation needs of persons in end-organ failure. Various important ethical dimensions of DCD have been considered and debated by prominent organ donation/transplantation theorists and clinicians. In this article, consideration of some of these ethical elements provides a foundation for a proposed set of (...)
     
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  46.  5
    Harnessing the Persuasive Power of Narrative: Science, Storytelling, and Movie Censorship, 1930–1968.David A. Kirby - 2018 - Science in Context 31 (1):85-106.
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  47.  19
    Making Choices in Anticipation of Similar Future Choices Can Increase Self-Control.Kris N. Kirby & Barbarose Guastello - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 7 (2):154.
  48.  13
    Addition and Multiplication of Sets.Laurence Kirby - 2007 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 53 (1):52-65.
    Ordinal addition and multiplication can be extended in a natural way to all sets. I survey the structure of the sets under these operations. In particular, the natural partial ordering associated with addition of sets is shown to be a tree. This allows us to prove that any set has a unique representation as a sum of additively irreducible sets, and that the non-empty elements of any model of set theory can be partitioned into infinitely many submodels, each isomorphic to (...)
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  49. Sublime Hunger: A Consideration of Eating Disorders Beyond Beauty.Lintott Sheila - 2003 - Hypatia 18 (4):65-86.
    : In this paper, I argue that one of the most intense ways women are encouraged to enjoy sublime experiences is via attempts to control their bodies through excessive dieting. If this is so, then the societal-cultural contributions to the problem of eating disorders exceed the perpetuation of a certain beauty ideal to include the almost universal encouragement women receive to diet, coupled with the relative shortage of opportunities women are afforded to experience the sublime.
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  50.  32
    Two Concepts of Basic Equality.Nikolas Kirby - 2018 - Res Publica 24 (3):297-318.
    It has become somewhat a commonplace in recent political philosophy to remark that all plausible political theories must share at least one fundamental premise, ‘that all humans are one another's equals’. One single concept of ‘basic equality’, therefore, is cast as the common touchstone of all contemporary political thought. This paper argues that this claim is false. Virtually all do indeed say that all humans are ‘equals’ in some basic sense. However, this is not the same sense. There are not (...)
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