Results for 'Jonathan Hecht'

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Jonathan Hecht
Indiana University, Bloomington
  1.  60
    Freedom of the Will in Plato and Augustine.Jonathan Hecht - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (2):196-216.
    There has been a recent surge of interest in ancient accounts of free will. It is surprising, then, that there have been virtually no attempts to discuss whether Plato had such an account. Those who have made an attempt quickly deny that such an account is present in the dialogues. I shall argue that if we draw a distinction between two notions of free will, it is plausible that some account of free will is, in fact, present in the dialogues, (...)
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  2.  1
    Locating the Boundaries of the Nuclear North: Arctic Biology, Contaminated Caribou, and the Problem of the Threshold.Jonathan Luedee - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-27.
    This essay is a historical–geographical account of how scientists and public health officials conceptualized and assessed northern radioactive exposures in the late 1950s and 1960s. The detection of radionuclides in caribou bodies in northern Canada both demonstrated the global reach of nuclear fallout and revealed the unevenness of toxic relations and radioactive exposures. Following the documentation of the lichen–caribou–human pathway of exposure, Canadian public health officials became increasingly concerned about the possibility of heightened radioactive exposures among Indigenous northerners. Between 1963 (...)
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  3.  74
    II—Jonathan Dancy: Moral Perception.Jonathan Dancy - 2010 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):99-117.
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  4. II—Jonathan L. Kvanvig: Millar on the Value of Knowledge.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):83-99.
    Alan Millar's paper (2011) involves two parts, which I address in order, first taking up the issues concerning the goal of inquiry, and then the issues surrounding the appeal to reflective knowledge. I argue that the upshot of the considerations Millar raises count in favour of a more important role in value-driven epistemology for the notion of understanding and for the notion of epistemic justification, rather than for the notions of knowledge and reflective knowledge.
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  5.  5
    Equational Classes of Relative Stone Algebras.T. Hecht & Tibor Katriňák - 1972 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 13 (2):248-254.
  6.  2
    Adaptationism and Optimality.Steven Hecht Orzack & Elliott Sober (eds.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    The debate over the relative importance of natural selection as compared to other forces affecting the evolution of organisms is a long-standing and central controversy in evolutionary biology. The theory of adaptationism argues that natural selection contains sufficient explanatory power in itself to account for all evolution. However, there are differing views about the efficiency of the adaptation model of explanation. If the adaptationism theory is applied, are energy and resources being used to their optimum? This book presents an up-to-date (...)
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  7. Review of Practical Shape: A Theory of Practical Reasoning, by Jonathan Dancy. [REVIEW]Jonathan Way - forthcoming - Ethics.
  8.  76
    A Jonathan Edwards Reader.Jonathan Edwards - 1995 - Yale University Press.
    Prepared by editors of the distinguished series The Works of Jonathan Edwards, this authoritative anthology includes selected treatises, sermons, and autobiographical material by early America’s greatest theologian and philosopher.
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  9.  17
    Plasticity, Innateness, and the Path to Language in the Primate Brain.Erin Hecht - 2018 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 19 (1-2):54-69.
    Many researchers consider language to be definitionally unique to humans. However, increasing evidence suggests that language emerged via a series of adaptations to neural systems supporting earlier capacities for visuomotor integration and manual action. This paper reviews comparative neuroscience evidence for the evolutionary progression of these adaptations. An outstanding question is how to mechanistically explain the emergence of new capacities from pre-existing circuitry. One possibility is that human brains may have undergone selection for greater plasticity, reducing the extent to which (...)
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  10. J. S. Mill's Liberal Utilitarian Assessment of Capitalism Versus Socialism: Jonathan Riley.Jonathan Riley - 1996 - Utilitas 8 (1):39-71.
    John Stuart Mill argued, in his Principles of Political Economy, that existing laws and customs of private property ought to be reformed to promote a far more egalitarian form of capitalism than hitherto observed anywhere. He went on to suggest that such an ideal capitalism might evolve spontaneously into a decentralized socialism involving a market system of competing worker co-operatives. That possibility of market socialism emerged only as the working classes gradually developed the intellectual and moral qualities required for worker (...)
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  11. Particularism in Question: An Interview with Jonathan Dancy.Jonathan Dancy, Andreas Lind & Johan Brannmark - unknown
    Jonathan Dancy works within almost all fields of philosophy but is best known as the leading proponent of moral particularism. Particularism challenges “traditional” moral theories, such as Contractualism, Kantianism and Utilitarianism, in that it denies that moral thought and judgement relies upon, or is made possible by, a set of more or less well-defined, hierarchical principles. During the summer of 2006, the Philosophy Departments of Lund University (Sweden) and the University of Reading (England) began a series of exchanges to (...)
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  12.  14
    Nuclear Ontologies.Gabrielle Hecht - 2006 - Constellations 13 (3):320-331.
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  13. Millian Qualitative Superiorities and Utilitarianism, Part I*: Jonathan Riley.Jonathan Riley - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (3):257-278.
    Arrhenius and Rabinowicz have argued that Millian qualitative superiorities are possible without assuming that any pleasure, or type of pleasure, is infinitely superior to another. But AR's analysis is fatally flawed in the context of ethical hedonism, where the assumption in question is necessary and sufficient for Millian qualitative superiorities. Marginalist analysis of the sort pressed by AR continues to have a valid role to play within any plausible version of hedonism, provided the fundamental incoherence that infects AR's use of (...)
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  14.  30
    Discussion: What, If Anything, Is "The Strategy of Model Building in Population Biology?" A Comment on Levins (1966) and Odenbaugh (2003). [REVIEW]Steven Hecht Orzack - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 72 (3):479-485.
    In our 1993 paper, “A Critical Look,‘ Elliott Sober and I concluded that the famous claim about model formulation and constraints made by Richard Levins in his influential 1966 article on model building in population biology is neither true nor normative. Here, I comment upon the claim of Odenbaugh that the conclusions of “A Critical Look‘ are incorrect. My conclusions remain that Levins’ claim about the tradeoff between model properties lacks logical coherence, generates an arbitrary model classification, and lacks normative (...)
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  15. The Complete Works of Aristotle the Revised Oxford Translation /Edited by Jonathan Barnes. --.Jonathan Aristotle, J. A. Barnes, W. D. Smith & Ross - 1984
  16.  61
    Common Ancestry and Natural Selection.Elliott Sober & Steven Hecht Orzack - 2003 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (3):423-437.
    We explore the evidential relationships that connect two standard claims of modern evolutionary biology. The hypothesis of common ancestry (which says that all organisms now on earth trace back to a single progenitor) and the hypothesis of natural selection (which says that natural selection has been an important influence on the traits exhibited by organisms) are logically independent; however, this leaves open whether testing one requires assumptions about the status of the other. Darwin noted that an extreme version of adaptationism (...)
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  17.  8
    II–Jonathan Dancy.Jonathan Dancy - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):319-338.
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  18.  6
    Why We Write History.David K. Hecht - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Science 50 (3):537-543.
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  19.  23
    Rights and Social Choice: Is There a Paretian Libertarian Paradox?: Jonathan Pressler.Jonathan Pressler - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (1):1-22.
    In 1970 Amartya Sen exposed an apparent antinomy that has come to be known as the Paradox of the Paretian Libertarian. Sen introduced his paradox by establishing a simple but startling theorem. Roughly put, what he proved was that if a mechanism for selecting social choice functions satisfies two standard adequacy conditions, there are possible situations in which it will violate either the very weak libertarian precept that every individual has at least some rights or the seemingly innocuous Paretian principle (...)
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  20.  26
    Vacher de Lapouge and the Rise of Nazi Science.Jennifer Michael Hecht - 2000 - Journal of the History of Ideas 61 (2):285-304.
  21. Taking Property Rights Seriously: The Case of Climate Change: Jonathan H. Adler.Jonathan H. Adler - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (2):296-316.
    The dominant approach to environmental policy endorsed by conservative and libertarian policy thinkers, so-called “free market environmentalism”, is grounded in the recognition and protection of property rights in environmental resources. Despite this normative commitment to property rights, most self-described FME advocates adopt a utilitarian, welfare-maximization approach to climate change policy, arguing that the costs of mitigation measures could outweigh the costs of climate change itself. Yet even if anthropogenic climate change is decidedly less than catastrophic, human-induced climate change is likely (...)
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  22.  55
    Two Ways of Explaining Actions: Jonathan Dancy.Jonathan Dancy - 2004 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 55:25-42.
    In my Practical Reality I argued that the reasons for which we act are not to be conceived of as psychological states of ourselves, but as real states of the world. The main reason for saying this was that only thus can we make sense of the idea that it is possible to act for a good reason. The good reasons we have for doing this action rather than that one consist mainly of features of the situations in which we (...)
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  23.  49
    Looking Into Pictures.Heiko Hecht Margaret Atherton & Schwartz Robert (eds.) - 2003 - MIT Press.
    Interdisciplinary explorations of the implications of recent developments in vision theory for our understanding of the nature of pictorial representation and ...
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  24.  9
    A Descriptive Systematic Study of the Otoliths of the Neopterygean Marine Fishes of South Africa Part II. The Delimitation of Teleost Orders, Some Systematic Notes and a Provisional New Phyletic Order Sequence.T. Hecht & A. Hecht - 1978 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 43 (2):199-218.
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  25.  18
    Millian Qualitative Superiorities and Utilitarianism, Part II: Jonathan Riley.Jonathan Riley - 2009 - Utilitas 21 (2):127-143.
    I continue my argument that Millian qualitative superiorities are infinite superiorities: one pleasant feeling, or type of pleasant feeling, is qualitatively superior to another in Mill's sense if and only if even a bit of the superior is more pleasant than any finite quantity of the inferior, however large. This gives rise to a hierarchy of higher and lower pleasures such that a reasonable hedonist always refuses to sacrifice a higher for a lower irrespective of the finite amounts of each. (...)
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  26.  6
    Jonathan Matheson, The Epistemic Significance of Disagreement [REVIEW]. [REVIEW]Jonathan Reibsamen - 2020 - Tradition and Discovery 46 (3):28-31.
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  27.  85
    Jonathan Edwards, Freedom of the Will, The Works of Jonathan Edward, Vol. I.Jonathan Edwards - 2009 - Yale University Press.
    Presents an analysis of Jonathan Edwards' theological position. This book includes a study of his life and the intellectual issues in the America of his time, and examines the problem of free will in connection with Leibniz, Locke, and Hume.
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  28.  12
    Philosophy and Mr Stoppard: Jonathan Bennett.Jonathan Bennett - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (191):5-18.
    Few stage plays have much to do with analytic philosophy: Tom Stoppard has written two of them— Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead and Jumpers . The contrast between these, especially in how they involve philosophy, could hardly be greater. Rosencrantz does not parade its philosophical content; but the philosophy is there all the same, and it is solid, serious and functional. In contrast with this, the philosophy which is flaunted throughout Jumpers is thin and uninteresting, and it serves the play (...)
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  29. Ethics Without Principles.Jonathan Dancy - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    In this much-anticipated book, Jonathan Dancy offers the only available full-scale treatment of particularism in ethics, a view with which he has been associated for twenty years. Dancy now presents particularism as the view that the possibility of moral thought and judgement does not in any way depend on an adequate supply of principles. He grounds this claim on a form of reasons-holism, holding that what is a reason in one case need not be any reason in another, and (...)
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  30.  39
    Regularities of the Physical World and the Absence of Their Internalization.Heiko Hecht - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):608-617.
    The notion of internalization put forth by Roger Shepard continues to be appealing and challenging. He suggests that we have internalized, during our evolutionary development, environmental regularities, or constraints. Internalization solves one of the hardest problems of perceptual psychology: the underspecification problem. That is the problem of how well-defined perceptual experience is generated from the often ambiguous and incomplete sensory stimulation. Yet, the notion of internalization creates new problems that may outweigh the solution of the underspecification problem. To support this (...)
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  31.  14
    A Descriptive Systematic Study of the Otoliths of the Neopterygean Marine Fishes of South Africa Part I. Introduction.T. Hecht - 1978 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 43 (2):191-197.
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  32.  31
    Dancy, Jonathan. Practical Shape: A Theory of Practical Reasoning. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. 208. $40.00. [REVIEW]Jonathan Way - 2019 - Ethics 129 (4):706-710.
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  33.  13
    A Commentary on “The Formal Darwinism Project”: There is No Grandeur in This View of Life.Steven Hecht Orzack - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):259-270.
    The Formal Darwinism Project is an attempt to use mathematical theory to prove the claim that fitness maximization is the outcome of evolution in nature. Grafen’s (2014, p. 12) conclusion from this project is that “….there is a very general expectation of something close to fitness maximisation, which will convert into fitness-maximisation unless there are particular kinds of circumstances—and further, that fitness is the same quantity for all genetic architectures.” Grafen’s claim appears to mean to him that natural populations are (...)
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  34.  20
    Adaptationism.Steven Hecht Orzack - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  35. An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law.N. S. Hecht, B. S. Jackson, S. M. Passamaneck, Daniela Piattelli & Alfredo Rabello (eds.) - 1996 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press UK.
    Jewish law has a history stretching from the early period to the modern State of Israel, encompassing the Talmud, Geonic and later codifications, the Spanish Golden Age, medieval and modern responsa, the Holocaust and modern reforms. Fifteen distinct periods are separately studied in this volume, each one by a leading specialist, and the emphasis throughout is on the development of the institutions and sources of the law.
     
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  36.  2
    Gabrielle Hecht , Entangled Geographies: Empire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War. Cambridge, MA and London: MIT Press, 2011. Pp. Ix+337. ISBN 978-0-262-51578-8. £20.95. [REVIEW]Jayita Sarkar - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Science 46 (2):354-355.
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  37.  6
    Gabrielle Hecht, Being Nuclear: Africans and the Global Uranium Trade. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012. Pp. Xx+451. ISBN 978-0-262-01726-1. £20.95. [REVIEW]Jayita Sarkar - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Science 47 (2):388-389.
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  38.  24
    Identity, Personhood and the Law: Charles Foster and Jonathan Herring. Springer, 2017: ISBN 978-3-319-53458-9: 70 Pp. [REVIEW]Charles Foster & Jonathan Herring - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (1):00-00.
    The law tends to think that there is no difficulty about identifying humans. When someone is born, her name is entered into a statutory register. She is ‘X’ in the eyes of the law. At some point, ‘X’ will die and her name will be recorded in another register. If anyone suggested that the second X was not the same as the first, the suggestion would be met with bewilderment. During X's lifetime, the civil law assumed that the X who (...)
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  39.  9
    The Failings of Three Event Perception Theories.Heiko Hecht - 2000 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 30 (1):1–25.
    Empirical research on the perception of physical events is rarely designed to test a particular theory. The research often fails to be embedded in a larger theoretical context or it is carried out with the implicit goal to support a particular theoretical approach. I argue that this is not very productive. While three theories are relevant for our understanding of events, their limits have rarely been addressed. I expose these limits. The three theories or approaches are direct or ecological perception, (...)
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  40. Monism: The Priority of the Whole.Jonathan Schaffer - 2010 - Philosophical Review 119 (1):31-76.
    Consider a circle and a pair of its semicircles. Which is prior, the whole or its parts? Are the semicircles dependent abstractions from their whole, or is the circle a derivative construction from its parts? Now in place of the circle consider the entire cosmos (the ultimate concrete whole), and in place of the pair of semicircles consider the myriad particles (the ultimate concrete parts). Which if either is ultimately prior, the one ultimate whole or its many ultimate parts?
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  41.  11
    Enduring Values for Contemporary Issues: Integrating Buddhist and Jewish Morality Into Contemporary Management Models.Lois Hecht Oppenheim - 2017 - Philosophy of Management 16 (1):55-68.
    In today’s multi-cultural world and global economy, attention is often focused on the diversity of cultural values and practices and the need for management approaches to take these differing cultural environments into account. While there is much to be valued in this approach, the focus is often on how to navigate through distinct cultural practices in order to achieve a singular business aim, which falls within the current neoliberal paradigm of global trade. In addition, by focusing on differences in cultural (...)
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  42. On What Grounds What.Jonathan Schaffer - 2009 - In David Manley, David J. Chalmers & Ryan Wasserman (eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. Oxford University Press. pp. 347-383.
    On the now dominant Quinean view, metaphysics is about what there is. Metaphysics so conceived is concerned with such questions as whether properties exist, whether meanings exist, and whether numbers exist. I will argue for the revival of a more traditional Aristotelian view, on which metaphysics is about what grounds what. Metaphysics so revived does not bother asking whether properties, meanings, and numbers exist (of course they do!) The question is whether or not they are fundamental.
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  43. The Value of Knowledge and the Pursuit of Understanding.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    Epistemology has for a long time focused on the concept of knowledge and tried to answer questions such as whether knowledge is possible and how much of it there is. Often missing from this inquiry, however, is a discussion on the value of knowledge. In The Value of Knowledge and the Pursuit of Understanding Jonathan Kvanvig argues that epistemology properly conceived cannot ignore the question of the value of knowledge. He also questions one of the most fundamental assumptions in (...)
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  44. Practical Reality.Jonathan Dancy - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    Practical Reality is a lucid original study of the relation between the reasons why we do things and the reasons why we should. Jonathan Dancy maintains that current philosophical orthodoxy bowdlerizes this relation, making it impossible to understand how anyone can act for a good reason. By giving a fresh account of values and reasons, he finds a place for normativity in philosophy of mind and action, and strengthens the connection between these areas and ethics.
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  45.  9
    Focus on the Breath: Brain Decoding Reveals Internal States of Attention During Meditation.Helen Y. Weng, Jarrod A. Lewis-Peacock, Frederick M. Hecht, Melina R. Uncapher, David A. Ziegler, Norman A. S. Farb, Veronica Goldman, Sasha Skinner, Larissa G. Duncan, Maria T. Chao & Adam Gazzaley - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  46. ``Jonathan Edwards on Hell&Quot.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2003 - In Paul Helm & Oliver Crisp (eds.), Jonathan Edwards: Philosophical Theologian. Burlington, Vt: Ashgate Publishing Co.. pp. 1-12.
     
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  47. Jonathan Edwards: Basic Writings.Jonathan Edwards & Ola Elizabeth Winslow - 1966 - New American Library.
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  48. Jonathan Edwards's Moral Thought and Its British Context.Jonathan Edwards & Norman Fiering - 1983 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 19 (1):83-94.
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  49.  33
    Comment: Jonathan L. Kvanvig.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1984 - Southwest Philosophy Review 1:182-186.
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  50.  8
    Comment: Jonathan L. Kvanvig.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1984 - Southwest Philosophy Review 1:182-186.
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