Results for 'case studies'

991 found
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  1.  74
    Case Studies: One Observation or Many? Justification or Discovery?Mary S. Morgan - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):667-677.
    Critiques of case studies as an epistemic genre usually focus on the domain of justification and hinge on comparisons with statistics and laboratory experiments. In this domain, case studies can be defended by the notion of “infirming”: they use many different bits of evidence, each of which may independently “infirm” the account. Yet their efficacy may be more powerful in the domain of discovery, in which these same different bits of evi- dence must be fully integrated (...)
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  2.  86
    Case Studies of Ethics Scandals: Effects on Ethical Perceptions of Finance Students.Julie A. B. Cagle & Melissa S. Baucus - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (3):213-229.
    Ethics instructors often use cases to help students understand ethics within a corporate context, but we need to know more about the impact a case-based pedagogy has on students’ ability to make ethical decisions. We used a pre- and post-test methodology to assess the effect of using cases to teach ethics in a finance course. We also wanted to determine whether recent corporate ethics scandals might have impacted students’ perceptions of the importance and prevalence of ethics in business, so (...)
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  3.  38
    Case Studies in Medical Ethics.Robert M. Veatch - 1977 - Harvard University Press.
    INTRODUCTION Five Questions of Ethics Medical ethics as a field presents a fundamental problem. As a branch of applied ethics, medical ethics becomes ...
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  4. Beyond Case-Studies: History as Philosophy.Hasok Chang - unknown
    What can we conclude from a mere handful of case studies? The field of HPS has witnessed too many hasty philosophical generalizations based on a small number of conveniently chosen case studies. One might even speculate that dissatisfaction with such methodological shoddiness contributed decisively to a widespread disillusionment with the whole HPS enterprise. Without specifying clear mechanisms for history-philosophy interaction, we are condemned to either making unwarranted generalizations from history, or writing entirely "local" histories with no (...)
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  5. The Dilemma of Case Studies Resolved: The Virtues of Using Case Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science.Richard M. Burian - 2001 - Perspectives on Science 9 (4):383-404.
    Philosophers of science turned to historical case studies in part in response to Thomas Kuhn's insistence that such studies can transform the philosophy of science. In this issue Joseph Pitt argues that the power of case studies to instruct us about scientific methodology and epistemology depends on prior philosophical commitments, without which case studies are not philosophically useful. Here I reply to Pitt, demonstrating that case studies, properly deployed, illustrate styles of (...)
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  6.  84
    Do Case Studies Mislead About the Nature of Reality?S. Pattison, D. Dickenson, M. Parker & T. Heller - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (1):42-46.
    This paper attempts a partial, critical look at the construction and use of case studies in ethics education. It argues that the authors and users of case studies are often insufficiently aware of the literary nature of these artefacts: this may lead to some confusion between fiction and reality. Issues of the nature of the genre, the fictional, story-constructing aspect of case studies, the nature of authorship, and the purposes and uses of case (...)
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  7. Three Case Studies in Making Fair Choices on the Path to Universal Health Coverage.Alex Voorhoeve, Tessa Edejer, Kapiriri Lydia, Ole Frithjof Norheim, James Snowden, Olivier Basenya, Dorjsuren Bayarsaikhan, Ikram Chentaf, Nir Eyal, Amanda Folsom, Rozita Halina Tun Hussein, Cristian Morales, Florian Ostmann, Trygve Ottersen, Phusit Prakongsai & Carla Saenz - 2016 - Health and Human Rights 18 (2):11-22.
    The goal of achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC) can generally be realized only in stages. Moreover, resource, capacity and political constraints mean governments often face difficult trade-offs on the path to UHC. In a 2014 report, Making fair choices on the path to UHC, the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage articulated principles for making such trade-offs in an equitable manner. We present three case studies which illustrate how these principles can guide practical decision-making. These (...)
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  8.  4
    Clinical Case Studies in Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Treatment.Jochem Willemsen, Elena Della Rosa & Sue Kegerreis - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  9.  9
    Historical Case Studies: Teaching the Nature of Science in Context.Allan R. Irwin - 2000 - Science Education 84 (1):5-26.
  10. The Scientific Imagination: Case Studies.Gerald Holton - 1978 - Cambridge University Press.
  11.  64
    Case Studies in Library and Information Science Ethics.Elizabeth A. Buchanan - 2008 - Mcfarland & Co..
    "This work is a valuable casebook, specifically for library and information science professionals, that presents numerous case studies that combine theories of ...
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  12.  55
    Student-Developed Case Studies: An Experiential Approach for Teaching Ethics in Management.Sarah B. Laditka & Margaret M. Houck - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (2):157-167.
    To prepare for ethically challenging situations in the workplace, it is useful for students to explore their attitudes toward ethical issues and their own value systems. An experiential assignment to teach ethics in business programs is presented. This method allows instructors to incorporate a “stand alone” assignment in ethics into a course that focuses on another area in management. The assignment, student-developed case studies of ethical situations in the workplace, requires students to develop individual case studies (...)
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  13.  57
    The Dilemma of Case Studies: Toward a Heraclitian Philosophy of Science.Joseph C. Pitt - 2001 - Perspectives on Science 9 (4):373-382.
    : What do appeals to case studies accomplish? Consider the dilemma: On the one hand, if the case is selected because it exemplifies the philosophical point, then it is not clear that the historical data hasn't been manipulated to fit the point. On the other hand, if one starts with a case study, it is not clear where to go from there—for it is unreasonable to generalize from one case or even two or three.
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  14. Case Studies in Biomedical Ethics: Decision-Making, Principles, and Cases.Robert M. Veatch - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    A model for ethical problem solving -- Values in health and illness -- What is the source of moral judgments? -- Benefiting the patient and others : duty to do good and avoid harm -- Justice : allocation of health resources -- Autonomy -- Veracity : honesty with patients -- Fidelity : promise-keeping, loyalty to patients, and impaired professionals -- Avoidance of killing -- Abortion, sterilization, and contraception -- Genetics, birth, and the biological revolution -- Mental health and behavior control (...)
     
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  15. Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science.Kevin C. Elliott & Ted Richards (eds.) - 2017 - Oup Usa.
    This book brings together eleven case studies of inductive risk-the chance that scientific inference is incorrect-that range over a wide variety of scientific contexts and fields. The chapters are designed to illustrate the pervasiveness of inductive risk, assist scientists and policymakers in responding to it, and productively move theoretical discussions of the topic forward.
     
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  16.  53
    What Philosophers Know: Case Studies in Recent Analytic Philosophy.Gary Gutting - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophy has never delivered on its promise to settle the great moral and religious questions of human existence, and even most philosophers conclude that it does not offer an established body of disciplinary knowledge. Gary Gutting challenges this view by examining detailed case studies of recent achievements by analytic philosophers such as Quine, Kripke, Gettier, Lewis, Chalmers, Plantinga, Kuhn, Rawls, and Rorty. He shows that these philosophers have indeed produced a substantial body of disciplinary knowledge, but he challenges (...)
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  17.  13
    Case Studies Towards the Establishment of a Social History of Logic.Volker Peckhaus - 1986 - History and Philosophy of Logic 7 (2):185-186.
    The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)is supporting a research project entitled ?Case studies towards the establishment of a social history of logic? with a grant, initially for two years. The project is being carried out by a team of five members under the direction of Professor Christian Thiel in the Institut für Philosophie and the Interdisziplinäres Institut für Wissenschaftstheorie und Wissenschaftsgeschichte (IIWW) of the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg.
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  18.  3
    Ethics Dumping: Case Studies From North-South Research Collaborations.Doris Schroeder, Julie Cook, François Hirsch, Solveig Fenet & Vasantha Muthuswamy (eds.) - 2018 - New York: Springer.
    This open access book provides original, up-to-date case studies of “ethics dumping” that were largely facilitated by loopholes in the ethics governance of low and middle-income countries. It is instructive even to experienced researchers since it provides a voice to vulnerable populations from the fore mentioned countries. Ensuring the ethical conduct of North-South collaborations in research is a process fraught with difficulties. The background conditions under which such collaborations take place include extreme differentials in available income and power, (...)
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  19.  53
    Creative Case Studies in Ethics.Michael Strawser - 2010 - Teaching Ethics 11 (1):107-121.
    How should we think about the many ethical dilemmas that face us today? How should research in current ethical dilemmas be conducted to move beyond impasses in judgment towards developing a consensus for action? According to Anthony Weston, “we need a more expansive view of ethics,” one that incorporates creativity. Following Weston’s lead, I shall discuss our new Honors Interdisciplinary Seminar on Case Studies in Ethics. This course is designed to prepare our students to participate in the Ethics (...)
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  20.  47
    Individual Case Studies in Clinical Research.Bruce G. Charlton & Florence Walston - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (2):147-155.
  21.  30
    Case Studies: AIDS and a Duty to Protect.Morton Winston & Sheldon H. Landesman - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (1):22.
  22. Case Studies in Environmental Ethics.Patrick Derr & Edward McNamara - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    A collection of more than 40 case studies covering diverse topics such as genetic engineering, aesthetics, pollution, animal rights, population, and resource management, Case Studies in Environmental Ethics is intended as a supplemental book for college courses primarily in environmental ethics. Each case presents factual information on a particular topic, followed by a discussion of the ethical implications of each topic and several insightful discussion questions.
     
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  23.  28
    The Renewal of Case Studies in Science Education.Arthur Stinner, Barbara A. McMillan, Don Metz, Jana M. Jilek & Stephen Klassen - 2003 - Science & Education 12 (7):617-643.
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  24.  11
    Case Studies in Bioethics: Brain Death: Welcome Definition... Or Dangerous Judgment?Robert M. Veatch - 1972 - Hastings Center Report 2 (5):10.
  25.  22
    Case Studies by Numbers: Journalism Ethics Learning.Tom Brislin - 1997 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (4):221 – 226.
    Th i s study is a quick take on how pedagogical research and journalism ethics case study methodology can be combined with a creative formulation and applied to the classroom. The result is a more active, engaging, and meaningful experience for students as they are able to build relations between and among journalistic values in case studies of their own creation.
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  26.  8
    Case Studies: Family Wishes and Patient Autonomy.Stuart J. Youngner, David L. Jackson & William Ruddick - 1980 - Hastings Center Report 10 (5):21.
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  27.  29
    Case Studies as Spurious Evaluations: The Example of Research on Educatioal Inequalities.Peter Foster, Roger Gomm & Martyn Hammersley - 2000 - British Journal of Educational Studies 48 (3):215-230.
    This article notes that much case study research focusing on educational inequalities is evaluative in character, in the sense that it draws value conclusions. Moreover, the evaluative character of these conclusions is often implicit. We argue that practical evaluation of this kind is inappropriate in research reports. We then discuss the legitimate role that values can play in case study research, notably in providing the basis for identifying important topics for inquiry and in selecting explanations from among causal (...)
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  28.  6
    Case Studies: Can a Subject Consent to a 'Ulysses Contract'?Morton E. Winston, Sally M. Winston, Paul S. Appelbaum & Nancy K. Rhoden - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (4):26.
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  29.  6
    The Philosophy of Historical Case Studies.Raphael Scholl & Tilman Sauer (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
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  30. Using Case Studies to Develop Critical Thinking Skills in Ethics Courses.Robert F. Card - 2002 - Teaching Ethics 3 (1):19-27.
  31. Case Studies in Business Ethics.Al Gini (ed.) - 2003 - Pearson Prentice Hall.
     
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  32.  15
    Case Studies: When Is Home Care Medically Necessary?Lachlan Forrow, Norman Daniels & James E. Sabin - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (4):36.
  33.  50
    Using Illustrative Case Studies: A Case in Teaching Climate Ethics.Evelyn Brister - 2014 - Teaching Ethics 14 (2):17-34.
    There are benefits to organizing an introductory ethics course around the ethical, social, and political questions related to climate change. One topic such a course may fruitfully explore is the issue of whether, when, and how climate scientists should advocate for climate policy. When is scientific advocacy a failure of scientific objectivity, and what are the ethical consequences of scientists attempting to influence policy objectives? This paper lays out a method for using illustrative case studies that helps students (...)
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  34.  18
    Case Studies in Bioethics: The Last Bed in the ICU.R. B. Schiffer & Benjamin Freedman - 1977 - Hastings Center Report 7 (6):21.
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  35. Discussion of "Four Case Studies on Chance in Evolution": Philosophical Themes and Questions.Roberta L. Millstein - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):678-687.
    The four case studies on chance in evolution provide a rich source for further philosophical analysis. Among the issues raised are the following: Are there different conceptions of chance at work, or is there a common underlying conception? How can a given concept of chance be distinguished from other chance concepts and from nonchance concepts? How can the occurrence of a given chance process be distinguished empirically from nonchance processes or other chance processes? What role does chance play (...)
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  36.  17
    Case Studies: Informed Consent in the Developing World.Ebun O. Ekunwe & Ross Kessel - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (3):22.
  37.  53
    Attempting to Institutionalize Ethics: Case Studies From Japan. [REVIEW]Chiaki Nakano - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 18 (4):335 - 343.
    A series of survey studies on corporations' institutionalization of ethics has been done in the U.S. and Japan. Among them, one Japanese study suggests that company policy is the most influential factor in managers' ethical decision-making and behavior. This empirical evidence suggests that, in Japan, company efforts to institutionalize ethics are effective in improving business behavior. The author examines this by describing three case studies of Japanese managers' ethical decision-making.
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  38.  13
    Case Studies in Bioethics: Baby Making and the Public Interest.Theodore Tsukahara & Seymour Siegel - 1976 - Hastings Center Report 6 (4):13.
  39.  12
    Case Studies: That Which Is Wanting..Ralph M. Crawshaw, Leslie S. Rothenberg, Cory Franklin & Barney Speight - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (6):34.
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  40.  12
    Aesthetic Case Studies and Discipline-Based Art Education.Ronald Moore - 1993 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 27 (3):51-62.
  41.  20
    Case Studies: When the Doctor's on Drugs.Herbert J. Keating & Terrence F. Ackerman - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (5):29.
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  42. Scientific Controversies Case Studies in the Resolution and Closure of Disputes in Science and Technology.H. Tristram Engelhardt & Arthur L. Caplan - 1987
  43.  6
    Case Studies: In Organ Transplants, Americans First?Jeffrey M. Prottas, Olga Jonasson & John I. Kleinig - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (5):23.
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  44.  5
    Case Studies in Bioethics: Who Should Pay for Smokers' Medical Care?Robert M. Veatch & Peter Steinfels - 1974 - Hastings Center Report 4 (5):8.
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  45.  4
    Case Studies: When the Doctor and the Minister Disagree.Robert Weikart & Howard Klar - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (6):30.
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  46.  19
    FOCUS: Using Case Studies to Teach Ethical Business.John Sheldrake - 1994 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 3 (3):153–155.
    Case studies invite students to share in an ethical dilemma and challenge them about their values. Dr Sheldrake is Reader in Modern History at London Guildhall University, Old Castle St., London E1 7NT. A version of his case study appeared in Sarah Vickerstaff , 1992, Human Resource Management in Europe: Text and Cases, London: Chapman & Hall.
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  47.  3
    Case Studies in Bioethics: A Demand to Die.Robert B. White & H. Tristram Engelhardt - 1975 - Hastings Center Report 5 (3):9.
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  48. Narrative and Evidence. How Can Case Studies From the History of Science Support Claims in the Philosophy of Science?Katherina Kinzel - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 49:48-57.
    A common method for warranting the historical adequacy of philosophical claims is that of relying on historical case studies. This paper addresses the question as to what evidential support historical case studies can provide to philosophical claims and doctrines. It argues that in order to assess the evidential functions of historical case studies, we first need to understand the methodology involved in producing them. To this end, an account of historical reconstruction that emphasizes the (...)
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  49.  28
    Case Studies: Does 'Doing Everything' Include CPR?Ronald A. Carson & Mark Siegler - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (5):27.
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  50.  67
    Scientists’ Attitudes on Science and Values: Case Studies and Survey Methods in Philosophy of Science.Daniel Steel, Chad Gonnerman & Michael O'Rourke - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 63:22-30.
    This article examines the relevance of survey data of scientists’ attitudes about science and values to case studies in philosophy of science. We describe two methodological challenges confronting such case studies: 1) small samples, and 2) potential for bias in selection, emphasis, and interpretation. Examples are given to illustrate that these challenges can arise for case studies in the science and values literature. We propose that these challenges can be mitigated through an approach in (...)
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