Results for 'two-tier multiple-choice tests'

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  1. Assessing Concept Possession as an Explicit and Social Practice.Alessia Marabini & Luca Moretti - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 51 (4):801-816.
    We focus on issues of learning assessment from the point of view of an investigation of philosophical elements in teaching. We contend that assessment of concept possession at school based on ordinary multiple-choice tests might be ineffective because it overlooks aspects of human rationality illuminated by Robert Brandom’s inferentialism––the view that conceptual content largely coincides with the inferential role of linguistic expressions used in public discourse. More particularly, we argue that multiple-choice tests at schools might fail (...)
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  2.  30
    Scoring and Keying Multiple Choice Tests: A Case Study in Irrationality. [REVIEW]Maya Bar-Hillel, David Budescu & Yigal Attali - 2005 - Mind and Society 4 (1):3-12.
    We offer a case-study in irrationality, showing that even in a high stakes context, intelligent and well trained professionals may adopt dominated practices. In multiple-choice tests one cannot distinguish lucky guesses from answers based on knowledge. Test-makers have dealt with this problem by lowering the incentive to guess, through penalizing errors (called formula scoring), and by eliminating various cues for outperforming random guessing (e.g., a preponderance of correct answers in middle positions), through key balancing. These policies, though widespread (...)
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  3.  9
    An Experimental Analysis of Single Stimulus Tests and Multiple-Choice Tests of Recognition Memory.Walter Kintsch - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (1p1):1.
  4.  14
    A Comparison of Two Payoff Functions on Multiple-Choice Decision Behavior.David M. Messick & Amnon Rapoport - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (1):75.
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  5.  8
    The Effect of Type and Timing of Feedback on Learning From Multiple-Choice Tests.Andrew C. Butler, Jeffrey D. Karpicke & Henry L. Roediger - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 13 (4):273-281.
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  6.  5
    A Two-Dimensional Multiple-Choice Model Accounting for Omissions.Rodrigo Schames Kreitchmann, Francisco José Abad & Vicente Ponsoda - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  7.  5
    Imperfect Models, Imperfect Conclusions: An Exploratory Study of Multiple-Choice Tests and Historical Knowledge.Gabriel A. Reich - 2013 - Journal of Social Studies Research 37 (1):3-16.
  8.  5
    The Role of Rasch Analysis When Conducting Science Education Research Utilizing Multiple‐Choice Tests.William J. Boone & Kathryn Scantlebury - 2006 - Science Education 90 (2):253-269.
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  9.  30
    Using Working Memory Theory to Investigate the Construct Validity of Multiple-Choice Reading Comprehension Tests Such as the SAT.Meredyth Daneman & Brenda Hannon - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (2):208.
  10.  7
    A DBQ in a Multiple-Choice World: A Tale of Two Assessments in a Unit on the Byzantine Empire.Colleen Fitzpatrick, Stephanie van Hover, Ariel Cornett & David Hicks - 2019 - Journal of Social Studies Research 43 (3):199-214.
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  11.  14
    A Monte Carlo Study of Nonparametric Multiple-Comparison Tests for a Two-Way Layout.James D. Church & Edward L. Wike - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (2):95-98.
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  12.  1
    Completion Time and Performance on Multiple-Choice and Essay Tests.Paul W. Foos - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (2):179-180.
  13.  8
    Limiting Solidarity in the Netherlands: A Two-Tier System on the Way.Ruud Ter Meulen - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (6):607-616.
    Health care policy in the Netherlands has long been guided by the values of solidarity and equality. As a result of several forces, particularly the scarcity of resources, the retreat of the Welfare State and the introduction of market forces in health care, both values are increasingly under strain. Next to solidarity and equality, freedom of choice and financial responsibility are playing an important role in Dutch health care. Consequently, there is a growing division in Dutch heaith care between two (...)
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  14.  22
    Limiting Solidarity in the Netherlands: A Two-Tier System on the Way.Ruud H. J. Ter Meulen - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (6).
    Health care policy in the Netherlands has long been guided by the values of solidarity and equality. As a result of several forces, particularly the scarcity of resources, the retreat of the Welfare State and the introduction of market forces in health care, both values are increasingly under strain. Next to solidarity and equality, freedom of choice and financial responsibility are playing an important role in Dutch health care. Consequently, there is a growing division in Dutch heaith care between two (...)
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  15.  11
    Towards a Two Tier Health System in the Netherlands: How to Put Theory Into Practice.Gert van der Wilt - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (6):617-630.
    The Dutch health care system is developing a two, or multiple, tier system. How can moral principles be of help in assessing whether this is the right track? Instead of dismissing as unhelpful the principles that have been suggested so far and exchanging them for other, usually more complex, principles, it is suggested that the methods of moral inquiry be reconsidered. Keywords: diversification in health care, health care financing, public and private responsibility in health care CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
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  16.  48
    Minimizing the Threat of a Positive Majority Deficit in Two-Tier Voting Systems with Equipopulous Units.Claus Beisbart & Luc Bovens - 2013 - Public Choice 132 (1-2):75-94.
    The mean majority deficit in a two-tier voting system is a function of the partition of the population. We derive a new square-root rule: For odd-numbered population sizes and equipopulous units the mean majority deficit is maximal when the member size of the units in the partition is close to the square root of the population size. Furthermore, within the partitions into roughly equipopulous units, partitions with small even numbers of units or small even-sized units yield high mean majority (...)
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  17. God's Problem of Multiple Choice.Lloyd Strickland - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (2):141-157.
    A question that has been largely overlooked by philosophers of religion is how God would be able to effect a rational choice between two worlds of unsurpassable goodness. To answer this question, I draw a parallel with the paradigm cases of indifferent choice, including Buridan's ass, and argue that such cases can be satisfactorily resolved provided that the protagonists employ what Otto Neurath calls an ‘auxiliary motive’. I supply rational grounds for the employment of such a motive, and then argue (...)
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  18.  87
    Beyond Information Recall: Sophisticated Multiple-Choice Questions in Philosophy.J. Robert Loftis - 2019 - American Association of Philosophy Teachers Studies in Pedagogy 5:89-122.
    Multiple-choice questions have an undeserved reputation for only being able to test student recall of basic facts. In fact, well-crafted mechanically gradable questions can measure very sophisticated cognitive skills, including those engaged at the highest level of Benjamin Bloom’s taxonomy of outcomes. In this article, I argue that multiple-choice questions should be a part of the diversified assessment portfolio for most philosophy courses. I present three arguments broadly related to fairness. First, multiple-choice questions allow one to consolidate (...)
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  19.  37
    Paracompactness of Metric Spaces and the Axiom of Multiple Choice.Paul Howard, K. Keremedis & J. E. Rubin - 2000 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (2):219-232.
    The axiom of multiple choice implies that metric spaces are paracompact but the reverse implication cannot be proved in set theory without the axiom of choice.
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  20.  16
    A Critical Discussion of Arguments Against the Introduction of a Two-Tier Healthcare System in Japan.Atsushi Asai, Taketoshi Okita, Masahi Tanaka & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2017 - Asian Bioethics Review 9 (3):171-181.
    In medical ethics, an appropriate national healthcare system that meets the requirements of justice in healthcare resource allocation is a major concern. Japan is no exception to this trend, and the pros and cons of introducing a two-tier healthcare system, which permits insured medical care services to be provided along with services not covered by social health insurance, have been the subject of debate for many years. The Supreme Court ruled in 2011 that it was valid for the government (...)
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  21.  2
    If Vector Spaces Are Projective Modules Then Multiple Choice Holds.Paul Howard - 2005 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (2):187.
    We show that the assertion that every vector space is a projective module implies the axiom of multiple choice and that the reverse implication does not hold in set theory weakened to permit the existence of atoms.
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  22.  16
    Tests of a Two-Stage "Speaker" Communication Model Using Induced Respone Hierarchies.Meyer A. Rothberg - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):204.
  23.  23
    Model Choice and Crucial Tests. On the Empirical Epistemology of the Higgs Discovery.Peter Mättig & Michael Stöltzner - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 65:73-96.
    : Our paper discusses the epistemic attitudes of particle physicists on the discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider. It is based on questionnaires and interviews made shortly before and shortly after the discovery in 2012. We show, to begin with, that the discovery of a Standard Model Higgs boson was less expected than is sometimes assumed. Once the new particle was shown to have properties consistent with SM expectations – albeit with significant experimental uncertainties –, there (...)
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  24.  40
    Retroactive Inhibition in the A-B, A-D Paradigm as Measured by a Multiple-Choice Test.Coleman T. Merryman - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (2):212-214.
  25.  20
    Conditional Response Distributions in a Multiple-Choice Probability-Learning Situtation.James R. Erickson & Karen K. Block - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):328.
  26.  17
    An Experimental Study of Fixation of Response by College Students in a Multiple-Choice Situation.R. M. Gottsdanker - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (5):431.
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  27.  14
    Replication Report: Two- and Three-Choice Verbal-Conditioning Phenomena.John W. Cotton & Allan Rechtschaffen - 1958 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (1):96.
  28.  11
    A Continuous Multiple Choice Reaction Apparatus.Carl N. Rexroad - 1925 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 8 (5):325.
  29.  12
    The Difficulty of Multiple Choice Test Item Alternatives.P. Horst - 1932 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (4):469.
  30.  11
    A Test of a Model for Multiple-Choice Behavior.Marvin H. Detambel - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (2):97.
  31.  10
    Multiple-Choice Probability Learning.Karen Block & James R. Erickson - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):72.
  32.  8
    Response Strength in a Modified Thorndikian Multiple-Choice Situation as a Function of Varying Proportions of Reinforcement.Albert E. Goss & Edward J. Rabaioli - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (2):106.
  33.  8
    Factors Affecting Learning and Intrusion Rates in a Multiple-Choice Verbal Transfer Task.Irwin P. Levin & Jeral R. Williams - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):689.
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  34.  8
    New Gradients of Error Reinforcement in Multiple-Choice Human Learning.Melvin H. Marx & Marion E. Bunch - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (2):93.
  35.  7
    Administering Electric Shock for Inaccuracy in Continuous Multiple-Choice Reactions.C. N. Rexroad - 1926 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 9 (1):1.
  36.  6
    Effects of Associative Strength in a Multiple-Choice Verbal Transfer Task.Irwin P. Levin & Jeral R. Williams - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (4p1):530.
  37.  4
    An Automatic Rotary Switch for Use with the Ranschburg Exposure Apparatus for Continuous Multiple Choice Work.G. B. Dimmick - 1931 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 14 (3):303.
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  38.  4
    Gradients of Error Reinforcement in Normal Multiple-Choice Learning Situations.Melvin H. Marx - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (3):225.
  39.  4
    Expected Value and Response Uncertainty in Multiple-Choice Decision Behavior.David M. Messick & Amnon Rapaport - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (2):224.
  40.  22
    Effects of Differential Monetary Gain and Loss on Sequential Two-Choice Behavior.Leonard Katz - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (3):245.
  41.  8
    Prediction of Sequential Two-Choice Decisions From Event Runs.Delmer C. Nicks - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (2):105.
  42.  14
    Multiple Predictions in Choice Reaction Time: A Serial Memory Scanning Interpretation.Michael J. Hacker & James V. Hinrichs - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (5):999.
  43.  14
    Effects of Nonreinforced Trials in Two-Choice Learning with Noncontingent Reinforcement.James G. Greeno - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (4):373.
  44.  13
    A Test of a Statistical Learning Theory Model for Two-Choice Behavior with Double Stimulus Events.Norman H. Anderson & David A. Grant - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (5):305.
  45.  14
    Supplementary Report: The Influence of One Stimulus on the Prediction of the Alternative Stimulus in Two-Choice Problems.Irvin Rubinstein - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (3):311.
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  46.  14
    Two-Choice Probability Learning in the Rat as a Function of Incentive, Probability of Reinforcement, and Training Procedure.Charles N. Uhl - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (5):443-449.
  47.  12
    Latency Components in Two-Choice Responding.D. H. Taylor - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (4):481.
  48.  5
    Effects of Probable Outcome Information on Two-Choice Learning.Richard C. Nies - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (5):430.
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  49.  10
    The Effects of Motivation and Probability of Reward on Two-Choice Learning.Paul J. Woods - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (6):380.
  50.  8
    Role of Instructions in Two-Choice Verbal Conditioning with Contingent Partial Reinforcement.John Koehler Jr - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (2):122.
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