94 found
Order:
See also
Profile: Luc Bovens (London School of Economics)
  1.  40
    Bayesian Epistemology.Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann - 2003 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Bovens and Hartmann provide a systematic guide to the use of probabilistic methods not just in epistemology, but also in philosophy of science, voting theory, ...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   89 citations  
  2. Why There Cannot Be a Single Probabilistic Measure of Coherence.Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann - 2005 - Erkenntnis 63 (3):361-374.
    Bayesian Coherence Theory of Justification or, for short, Bayesian Coherentism, is characterized by two theses, viz. (i) that our degree of confidence in the content of a set of propositions is positively affected by the coherence of the set, and (ii) that coherence can be characterized in probabilistic terms. There has been a longstanding question of how to construct a measure of coherence. We will show that Bayesian Coherentism cannot rest on a single measure of coherence, but requires a vector (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  3.  46
    Bayesian Epistemology.Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Probabilistic models have much to offer to philosophy. We continually receive information from a variety of sources: from our senses, from witnesses, from scientific instruments. When considering whether we should believe this information, we assess whether the sources are independent, how reliable they are, and how plausible and coherent the information is. Bovens and Hartmann provide a systematic Bayesian account of these features of reasoning. Simple Bayesian Networks allow us to model alternative assumptions about the nature of the information sources. (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   27 citations  
  4.  80
    Coherentism, Reliability and Bayesian Networks.Luc Bovens & EJ Olsson - 2000 - Mind 109 (436):685-719.
    The coherentist theory of justification provides a response to the sceptical challenge: even though the independent processes by which we gather information about the world may be of dubious quality, the internal coherence of the information provides the justification for our empirical beliefs. This central canon of the coherence theory of justification is tested within the framework of Bayesian networks, which is a theory of probabilistic reasoning in artificial intelligence. We interpret the independence of the information gathering processes (IGPs) in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   39 citations  
  5. The Value of Hope.Luc Bovens - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):667-681.
    Hope obeys Aristotle's doctrine of the mean: one should neither hope too much, nor too little. But what determines what constitutes too much and what constitutes too little for a particular person at a particular time? The sceptic presents an argument to the effect that it is never rational to hope. An attempt to answer the sceptic leads us in different directions. Decision-theoretic and preference-theoretic arguments support the instrumental value of hope. An investigation into the nature of hope permits us (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   18 citations  
  6. Democratic Answers to Complex Questions – An Epistemic Perspective.Luc Bovens & Wlodek Rabinowicz - 2006 - Synthese 150 (1):131-153.
    This paper addresses a problem for theories of epistemic democracy. In a decision on a complex issue which can be decomposed into several parts, a collective can use different voting procedures: Either its members vote on each sub-question and the answers that gain majority support are used as premises for the conclusion on the main issue, or the vote is conducted on the main issue itself. The two procedures can lead to different results. We investigate which of these procedures is (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  7.  32
    Believing More, Risking Less: On Coherence, Truth and Non-Trivial Extensions. [REVIEW]Luc Bovens & Erik J. Olsson - 2002 - Erkenntnis 57 (2):137 - 150.
  8. ``Solving the Riddle of Coherence".Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann - 2003 - Mind 112 (448):601-634.
    A coherent story is a story that fits together well. This notion plays a central role in the coherence theory of justification and has been proposed as a criterion for scientific theory choice. Many attempts have been made to give a probabilistic account of this notion. A proper account of coherence must not start from some partial intuitions, but should pay attention to the role that this notion is supposed to play within a particular context. Coherence is a property of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  9. Judy Benjamin is a Sleeping Beauty.Luc Bovens - 2010 - Analysis 70 (1):23-26.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  10.  95
    Solving the Riddle of Coherence.Stephan Hartmann & Luc Bovens - 2003 - Mind 112 (448):601-634.
    A coherent story is a story that fits together well. This notion plays a central role in the coherence theory of justification and has been proposed as a criterion for scientific theory choice. Many attempts have been made to give a probabilistic account of this notion. A proper account of coherence must not start from some partial intuitions, but should pay attention to the role that this notion is supposed to play within a particular context. Coherence is a property of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  11. An Impossibility Result for Coherence Rankings.Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 128 (1):77-91.
    If we receive information from multiple independent and partially reliable information sources, then whether we are justified to believe these information items is affected by how reliable the sources are, by how well the information coheres with our background beliefs and by how internally coherent the information is. We consider the following question. Is coherence a separable determinant of our degree of belief, i.e. is it the case that the more coherent the new information is, the more justified we are (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  12. Evaluating Risky Prospects: The Distribution View.Luc Bovens - 2015 - Analysis 75 (2):243-253.
    Risky prospects represent policies that impose different types of risks on multiple people. I present an example from food safety. A utilitarian following Harsanyi's Aggregation Theorem ranks such prospects according to their mean expected utility or the expectation of the social utility. Such a ranking is not sensitive to any of four types of distributional concerns. I develop a model that lets the policy analyst rank prospects relative to the distributional concerns that she considers fitting in the context at hand. (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  84
    Child Euthanasia: Should We Just Not Talk About It?Luc Bovens - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):630-634.
    Belgium has recently extended its euthanasia legislation to minors, making it the first legislation in the world that does not specify any age limit. I consider two strands in the opposition to this legislation. First, I identify five arguments in the public debate to the effect that euthanasia for minors is somehow worse than euthanasia for adults—viz. arguments from weightiness, capability of discernment, pressure, sensitivity and sufficient palliative care—and show that these arguments are wanting. Second, there is another position in (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  14.  79
    Selection Under Uncertainty: Affirmative Action at Shortlisting Stage.Luc Bovens - 2016 - Mind 125 (498):421-437.
    Choice often proceeds in two stages: We construct a shortlist on the basis of limited and uncertain information about the options and then reduce this uncertainty by examining the shortlist in greater detail. The goal is to do well when making a final choice from the option set. I argue that we cannot realise this goal by constructing a ranking over the options at shortlisting stage which determines of each option whether it is more or less worthy of being included (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  88
    Must I Be Forgiven?Luc Bovens - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):227-233.
    Why do we find it upsetting when the victim of our wrongdoing refuses to accept our apologies? Why do we find it upsetting when the victim is unwilling to grant us the forgiveness that we are asking for?Let us introduce some terminology to address these questions. The offender initiates a redemption practice by apologizing or asking forgiveness. If the victim accepts the apologies or grants forgiveness, then the practice succeeds. If the victim does not accept the apologies or refuses to (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  16.  14
    The Preface, the Lottery, and the Logic of Belief.John Hawthorne & Luc Bovens - 1999 - Mind 108 (430):241-264.
    John Locke proposed a straightforward relationship between qualitative and quantitative doxastic notions: belief corresponds to a sufficiently high degree of confidence. Richard Foley has further developed this Lockean thesis and applied it to an analysis of the preface and lottery paradoxes. Following Foley's lead, we exploit various versions of these paradoxes to chart a precise relationship between belief and probabilistic degrees of confidence. The resolutions of these paradoxes emphasize distinct but complementary features of coherent belief. These features suggest principles that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  17. The Tragedy of the Commons as a Voting Game.Luc Bovens - unknown
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  56
    Too Odd (Not) to Be True? A Reply to Olsson.Luc Bovens, Branden Fitelson, Stephan Hartmann & Josh Snyder - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (4):539-563.
    Corroborating Testimony, Probability and Surprise’, Erik J. Olsson ascribes to L. Jonathan Cohen the claims that if two witnesses provide us with the same information, then the less probable the information is, the more confident we may be that the information is true (C), and the stronger the information is corroborated (C*). We question whether Cohen intends anything like claims (C) and (C*). Furthermore, he discusses the concurrence of witness reports within a context of independent witnesses, whereas the witnesses in (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  19. Bayesian Networks and the Problem of Unreliable Instruments.Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (1):29-72.
    We appeal to the theory of Bayesian Networks to model different strategies for obtaining confirmation for a hypothesis from experimental test results provided by less than fully reliable instruments. In particular, we consider (i) repeated measurements of a single test consequence of the hypothesis, (ii) measurements of multiple test consequences of the hypothesis, (iii) theoretical support for the reliability of the instrument, and (iv) calibration procedures. We evaluate these strategies on their relative merits under idealized conditions and show some surprising (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  20.  37
    The Ethics of Dieselgate.Luc Bovens - 2016 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 40 (1):262-283.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. [Double Quotes] P and I Will Believe That Not-P [Double Quotes]: Diachronic Constraints on Rational Belief.Luc Bovens - 1995 - Mind 104 (416):737-760.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  22.  98
    Concerns for the Poorly Off in Ordering Risky Prospects.Luc Bovens - 2015 - Economics and Philosophy 31 (3):397-429.
    The Distribution View provides a model that integrates four distributional concerns in the evaluation of risky prospects. Starting from these concerns, we can generate an ordering over a set of risky prospects, or, starting from an ordering, we can extract a characterization of the underlying distributional concerns. Separability of States and/or Persons for multiple-person risky prospects, for single-person risky prospects and for multiple-person certain prospects are discussed within the model. The Distribution View sheds light on public health policies and provides (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  33
    Coherence, Belief Expansion and Bayesian Networks.Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann - 2000 - In BaralC (ed.), Proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Non-Monotonic Reasoning, NMR'2000.
    We construct a probabilistic coherence measure for information sets which determines a partial coherence ordering. This measure is applied in constructing a criterion for expanding our beliefs in the face of new information. A number of idealizations are being made which can be relaxed by an appeal to Bayesian Networks.
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  24.  18
    The Rhythm Method and Embryonic Death.Luc Bovens - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (6):355-356.
    Some proponents of the pro-life movement argue against morning after pills, IUDs, and contraceptive pills on grounds of a concern for causing embryonic death. What has gone unnoticed, however, is that the pro-life line of argumentation can be extended to the rhythm method of contraception as well. Given certain plausible empirical assumptions, the rhythm method may well be responsible for a much higher number of embryonic deaths than some other contraceptive techniques.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  25.  29
    Don’T Mess with My Smokes: Cigarettes and Freedom.Luc Bovens - unknown
    Considerations of objective-value freedom and status freedom do impose constraints on policies that restrict access to cigarettes. As to the objective-value freedom, something of value is lost when anti-alcohol policies lead to pub closures interfering with valued life styles, and a similar, though weaker, argument can be made for cigarettes. As to status freedom, non-arbitrariness requires consultation with vulnerable populations to learn what might aid them with smoking cessation.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  73
    Sour Grapes and Character Planning.Luc Bovens - 1992 - Journal of Philosophy 89 (2):57-78.
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  27.  16
    Why Couldn't I Be Nudged to Dislike a Big Mac?Luc Bovens - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):495-496.
    The central distinction in Yashar Saghai's thought-provoking article is between nudges and prods. What distinguishes a prod from a nudge is that a prod is ‘substantially controlling’ whereas a nudge is ‘substantially non-controlling’ . This has moral relevance in so far that a nudge but not a prod preserves freedom of choice.1What is it to be influenced in a SNC-ing way? For Saghai, a subject is SNC-ed if she could easily resist the influence, meaning that she can effortlessly become aware (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  28.  66
    Supervenience and Moral Realism.Luc Bovens & Dalia Drai - 1999 - Philosophia 27 (1-2):241-245.
    Blackburn argues that moral supervenience in conjunction with the lack of entailments from naturalistic to moral judgments poses a challenge to moral realism. Klagge and McFetridge try to avert the challenge by appealing to synthetically necessary connections between natural and moral properties. Blackburn rejoins that, even if there are such connections, the challenge still remains. We remain agnostic on the question whether there are such connections, but argue against Blackburn that, if there are indeed such connections, then the challenge to (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  29.  37
    Nudging the Pub: A Change in Choice Architecture Can Help Pubgoers Drink Less.Luc Bovens - unknown
    The Government uses various policy tools to reduce alcohol consumption. There are restrictions on promotions, information campaigns, and pricing policies. These policies do not stand unchallenged. Restrictions on promotions irk business, information campaigns fail to reach the less educated, and pricing policies hurt responsible but poor consumers. So what about Thaler and Sunstein’s Nudge? Nudges keep choices open but change the “choice architecture” so as to help those who would like to drink less, and they do so in ways that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  49
    Voting Procedures for Complex Collective Decisions. An Epistemic Perspective.Luc Bovens & Wlodek Rabinowicz - 2004 - Ratio Juris 17 (2):241-258.
    Suppose a committee or a jury confronts a complex question, the answer to which requires attending to several sub-questions. Two different voting procedures can be used. On one, the committee members vote on each sub-question and the voting results are used as premises for the committee’s conclusion on the main issue. This premise-based procedure can be contrasted with the conclusion-based approach, which requires the members to directly vote on the conclusion, with the vote of each member being guided by her (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  31. The Two Faces of Akratics Anonymous.Luc Bovens - 1999 - Analysis 59 (4):230–236.
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  32. Coherence and the Role of Specificity: A Response to Meijs and Douven.Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann - 2005 - Mind 114 (454):365-369.
  33. The Backward Induction Argument for the Finite Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma and the Surprise Exam Paradox.Luc Bovens - 1997 - Analysis 57 (3):179–186.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34.  33
    On Arguments From Self-Interest for the Nash Solution and the Kalai Egalitarian Solution to the Bargaining Problem.Luc Bovens - 1987 - Theory and Decision 23 (3):231-260.
  35.  14
    Too Odd (Not) to Be True: A Reply to Olsson.Stephan Hartmann, Luc Bovens, Branden Fitelson & Josh Snyder - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (4):539-563.
    In ‘Corroborating Testimony, Probability and Surprise’, Erik J. Olsson ascribes to L. Jonathan Cohen the claims that if two witnesses provide us with the same information, then the less probable the information is, the more confident we may be that the information is true (C), and the stronger the information is corroborated (C*). We question whether Cohen intends anything like claims (C) and (C*). Furthermore, he discusses the concurrence of witness reports within a context of independent witnesses, whereas the witnesses (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  36. The Value of Hope.Luc Bovens - 1999 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):667-681.
    Hope obeys Aristotle's doctrine of the mean: one should neither hope too much, nor too little. But what determines what constitutes too much and what constitutes too little for a particular person at a particular time? The sceptic presents an argument to the effect that it is never rational to hope. An attempt to answer the sceptic leads us in different directions. Decision-theoretic and preference-theoretic arguments support the instrumental value of hope. An investigation into the nature of hope permits us (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  37.  76
    Apologies.Luc Bovens - 2008 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 108 (1pt3):219-239.
    There is a cognitive, an affective, a conative, and an attitudinal component to a genuine apology. In discussing these components, I address the following questions. Might apologies be due for non-culpable actions? Might apologies be due for choices in moral dilemmas? What is the link between sympathy, remorse and making amends? Is it meaningful for resilient akratics to apologize? How much moral renewal is required when one apologizes? Why should apologies be offered in a humble manner? And is there some (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  38.  25
    A Dutch Book for Group Decision-Making?Luc Bovens & Wlodek Rabinowicz - unknown
  39. Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of Science.Nancy Cartwright, Stephan Hartmann, Carl Hoefer & Luc Bovens (eds.) - 2008 - Routledge.
    Nancy Cartwright is one of the most distinguished and influential contemporary philosophers of science. Despite the profound impact of her work, there is neither a systematic exposition of Cartwright’s philosophy of science nor a collection of articles that contains in-depth discussions of the major themes of her philosophy. This book is devoted to a critical assessment of Cartwright’s philosophy of science and contains contributions from Cartwright's champions and critics. Broken into three parts, the book begins by addressing Cartwright's views on (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  40.  53
    A Utilitarian Assessment of Alternative Decision Rules in the Council of Ministers.Claus Beisbart, Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann - 2005 - European Union Politics 6 (4):395-419.
    We develop a utilitarian framework to assess different decision rules for the European Council of Ministers. The proposals to be decided on are conceptualized as utility vectors and a probability distribution is assumed over the utilities. We first show what decision rules yield the highest expected utilities for different means of the probability distri- bution. For proposals with high mean utility, simple bench- mark rules (such as majority voting with proportional weights) tend to outperform rules that have been proposed in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  41.  67
    Evaluating Life or Death Prospects.Luc Bovens & Marc Fleurbaey - 2012 - Economics and Philosophy 28 (2):217-249.
    We consider a special set of risky prospects in which the outcomes are either life or death. There are various alternatives to the utilitarian objective of minimizing the expected loss of lives in such prospects. We start off with the two-person case with independent risks and construct taxonomies of ex ante and ex post evaluations for such prospects. We examine the relationship between the ex ante and the ex post in this restrictive framework: There are more possibilities to respect ex (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  72
    Moral Luck, Photojournalism, and Pornography.Luc Bovens - 1998 - Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (2):205-217.
  43.  15
    XII-Apologies.Luc Bovens - 2008 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 108 (1pt3):219-239.
  44.  89
    The Doctrinal Paradox and the Mixed-Motivation Problem.Luc Bovens - 2006 - Analysis 66 (289):35–39.
    No categories
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  14
    Articles.Luc Bovens - 1995 - Mind 104 (416):737-760.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  46. Vergiffenis in Elsschots Het Been: Boorman vs. Laannans.Luc Bovens - 2008 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 100 (4).
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  47.  36
    Sequential Counterfactuals, Cotenability and Temporal Becoming.Luc Bovens - 1998 - Philosophical Studies 90 (1):79-101.
  48.  9
    (Hard Ernst) 126–132 Corrigendum.J. van Brakel, Luc Bovens, Erik J. Olsson, Believing More & U. Kriegel - 2002 - Erkenntnis 57 (1):457-458.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  49.  35
    The Intentional Acquisition of Mental States.Luc Bovens - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (4):821-840.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  50.  67
    Coherence Arguments and Cyclical Moral Rankings.Luc Bovens - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 74 (3):369 - 384.
1 — 50 / 94