Search results for 'Sue Mayer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  23
    Sue Mayer & Andy Stirling (2002). Finding a Precautionary Approach to Technological Developments – Lessons for the Evaluation of GM Crops. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (1):57-71.
    The introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops and foods into Europe has generated considerable controversy. Despite a risk assessment system that is intended to beprecautionary in nature, the decisions thathave been taken have not gathered publicconfidence. Key attributes of a precautionaryappraisal system include humility,completeness, assessing benefits andjustifications, making comparisons, allowingfor public participation, transparency,diversity, and the ``mapping'' of alternativeviews rather than the prescription of singlesolutions. A comparison of the European GMregulatory system with a different (moreprecautionary) approach using a ``multi-criteriamapping'' technique reveals (...)
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  2.  1
    Sue Mayer (forthcoming). Questioning GM Foods. Bioethics for Scientists:141--152.
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  3.  67
    John D. Mayer, Peter Salovey & David R. Caruso (2012). The Validity of the MSCEIT: Additional Analyses and Evidence. Emotion Review 4 (4):403-408.
    We address concerns raised by Maul (2012) regarding the validity of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). We respond to requests for clarifications of our model, and explain why the MSCEIT’s scoring methods stand up to scrutiny and why many reported reliabilities of the MSCEIT may be underestimates, using reanalyses of the test’s standardization sample of N = 5,000 to illustrate our point. We also organize findings from four recent articles that provide evidence for the MSCEIT’s validity based on (...)
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  4.  6
    Roger Sue (forthcoming). Du temps social aux temps sociaux. Rhuthmos.
    Extrait de R. Sue, Temps et ordre social. Sociologie des temps sociaux, Paris, PUF, 1994, p. 28-32. Nous remercions Roger Sue de nous avoir autorisé à reproduire ici ce texte. Il faut renoncer à faire une sociologie du temps en général. Renoncement difficile pour le sociologue toujours enclin à penser la société sous forme d'unité. Unité qui produirait son propre temps, un temps unique, le temps de la société. Cette illusion de l'unité est extrêmement forte lorsqu'il s'agit du temps, en (...)
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  5. Verena Mayer, Christopher Erhard & Marisa Scherini (eds.) (2011). Die Aktualität Husserls. Karl Alber.
    In diesem Sammelband werden Aufsätze von renommierten Husserl-Forschern und Nachwuchswissenschaftlern zu systematischen Fragen und Problemen von Husserls Phänomenologie versammelt. Die Texte basieren teilweise auf Vorträgen der Tagung „Die Aktualität Husserls", die 2009 an der LMU München stattgefunden hat. In drei thematischen Blöcken, die sich schwerpunktmäßig auf Probleme der Ontologie, Sprachphilosophie/ Philosophie des Geistes und Handlungstheorie/Ethik konzentrieren, wird die systematische Breite und Komplexität von Husserls Denken deutlich, das sich nahezu nahtlos auf aktuelle Fragestellungen beziehen lässt - wenngleich es sich diesen nicht (...)
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  6.  19
    David M. Mayer, Maribeth Kuenzi & Rebecca L. Greenbaum (2010). Examining the Link Between Ethical Leadership and Employee Misconduct: The Mediating Role of Ethical Climate. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 95 (1):7 - 16.
    Drawing on theory and research on <span class='Hi'>ethical</span> leadership and <span class='Hi'>ethical</span> climate, we examine <span class='Hi'>ethical</span> climate as a mediator of the relationship between <span class='Hi'>ethical</span> leadership and employee misconduct. Using a sample of 1,525 employees and their supervisors in 300 units in different organizations, we find support for our hypothesized model. We discuss theoretical and practical implications of these findings.
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  7. Joseph Mayer (1935). The Techniques, Basic Concepts, and Preconceptions of Science and Their Relation to Social Study. Philosophy of Science 2 (4):431-483.
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  8. Joseph Mayer (1936). Pseudo-Scientific Economic Doctrine--Continued. Philosophy of Science 3 (4):515-541.
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  9. Russell Revlin & Richard E. Mayer (eds.) (1978). Human Reasoning. Distributed Solely by Halsted Press.
  10. Ryan C. Mayer (2011). Is Embryo Adoption a Form of Surrogacy? The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 11 (2):249-256.
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  11.  80
    Robert Mayer (2007). What's Wrong with Exploitation? Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):137–150.
    This paper offers a new answer to an old question. Others have argued that exploitation is wrong because it is coercive, or degrading, or fails to protect the vulnerable. But these answers only work for certain cases; counterexamples are easily found. In this paper I identify a different answer to the question by placing exploitation within the larger family of wrongs to which it belongs. Exploitation is one species of wrongful gain, and exploiters always gain at the expense of others (...)
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  12. Lorraine Mayer (2007). A Return to Reciprocity. Hypatia 22 (3):22-42.
    : Feminist affiliation has long been suspect among Native American women whose memories survive the dishonor of colonialism. The idea of common struggles is simultaneously repugnant and alluring. Sadly, this has led to much confusion and rejection between Aboriginal women. I suggest "a return to reciprocity" to understand and come to terms with feminist rejection or affiliation. If we cannot come together, the fracturing that began with European ideology will continue to fragment and destroy the fabric of Native cultures.
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  13.  3
    Bruce Bridgeman & Melanie Mayer (1983). Failure to Integrate Visual Information From Successive Fixations. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (4):285-286.
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  14. Robert Mayer (2007). Sweatshops, Exploitation, and Moral Responsibility. Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (4):605–619.
  15.  99
    Robert Mayer (1994). Lenin, Kautsky and Working-Class Consciousness. History of European Ideas 18 (5):673-681.
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  16.  5
    Christof Miska, Christian Hilbe & Susanne Mayer (2013). Reconciling Different Views on Responsible Leadership: A Rationality-Based Approach. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 125 (2):1-12.
    Business leaders are increasingly responsible for the societal and environmental impacts of their actions. Yet conceptual views on responsible leadership differ in their definitions and theoretical foundations. This study attempts to reconcile these diverse views and uncover the phenomenon from a business leader’s point of view. Based on rational egoism theory, this article proposes a formal mathematical model of responsible leadership that considers different types of incentives for stakeholder engagement. The analyses reveal that monetary and instrumental incentives are neither sufficient (...)
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  17.  28
    Chris Mayer (2007). Nonlethal Weapons and Noncombatant Immunity: Is It Permissible to Target Noncombatants? Journal of Military Ethics 6 (3):221-231.
    The concept of noncombatant immunity prohibits the intentional targeting of noncombatants. The availability of nonlethal weapons (NLW) may weaken this prohibition, especially since using NLWs against noncombatants may, in some cases, actually save the noncombatants' lives. Given the advancement of NLWs, I argue that their probable appearance on the battlefield demands close scrutiny due to the moral problems associated with their use. In this paper, I examine four distinct cases and determine whether the use of NLWs is morally (...)
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  18. Roland Mayer (1994). Personata Stoa: Neostoicism and Senecan Tragedy. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 57:151-174.
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  19.  13
    Ann Elizabeth Mayer (2009). Human Rights as a Dimension of CSR: The Blurred Lines Between Legal and Non-Legal Categories. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):561 - 577.
    At the UN, important projects laying down transnational corporations' (TNCs) human rights responsibilities have been launched without ever clarifying the relevant theoretical foundations. One of the consequences is that the human rights principles in projects like the 2000 UN Global Compact and the 2003 Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights can be understood in different ways, which should not cause surprise given that their authors come from diverse backgrounds, including economics (...)
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  20.  1
    Anna-K. Mayer (2005). Reluctant Technocrats: Science Promotion in the Neglect-of-Science Debate of 1916-1918. History of Science 43 (2):139-159.
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  21.  5
    Anna-K. Mayer (2004). Setting Up a Discipline, II: British History of Science and “the End of Ideology”, 1931–1948. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (1):41-72.
    For the history of science the 1940s were a transformative decade, when salient scholars like Herbert Butterfield or Alexandre Koyré set out to shape postwar culture by promoting new standards for understanding science. Some years ago I placed these developments in a tradition of enduring arts–science tensions and the contemporary notion that previous, “scientistic”, historical practices needed to be confronted with disinterested codes of historical craft . Here, I want to further explore the ideological dimensions of the processes through (...)
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  22.  22
    Robert Mayer (2005). Guestworkers and Exploitation. Review of Politics 67 (2):311--334.
    Are guest-worker programs exploitative? Egalitarian and neoclassical theories of exploitation agree that they always are. But these judgments are too indiscriminate. Privileged guests are the exception, and the exception points toward a more sensitive standard for identifying exploitation. This more sensitive standard, the sufficiency theory of exploitation, is used to analyze several guest-worker programs. Even when guest-worker programs are exploitative, it is argued that the unfairness should be tolerated if the exploitation is modest, not severe, and if the most likely (...)
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  23.  7
    Anna-K. Mayer (2000). Setting Up a Discipline: Conflicting Agendas of the Cambridge History of Science Committee, 1936–1950. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (4):665-689.
    Traditionally the domain of scientists, the history of science became an independent field of inquiry only in the twentieth century and mostly after the Second World War. This process of emancipation was accompanied by a historiographical departure from previous, ‘scientistic’ practices, a transformation often attributed to influences from sociology, philosophy and history. Similarly, the liberal humanists who controlled the Cambridge History of Science Committee after 1945 emphasized that their contribution lay in the special expertise they, as trained historians, brought to (...)
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  24.  22
    Anita Cava & Don Mayer (2007). Integrative Social Contract Theory and Urban Prosperity Initiatives. Journal of Business Ethics 72 (3):263 - 278.
    Urban communities in 21st century America are facing severe economic challenges, ones that suggest a mandate to contemplate serious changes in the way America does business. The middle class is diminishing in many parts of the country, with consequences for the economy as a whole. When faced with the loss of its economic base, any business community must make some difficult decisions about its proper role and responsibilities. Decisions to support the community must be balanced alongside and against responsibilities to (...)
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  25.  1
    Gordon H. Bower & John D. Mayer (1985). Failure to Replicate Mood-Dependent Retrieval. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (1):39-42.
  26.  2
    S. Mayer (2006). Declaration of Patent Applications as Financial Interests: A Survey of Practice Among Authors of Papers on Molecular Biology in Nature. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (11):658-661.
    Objectives: To determine whether authors of scientific publications in molecular biology declare patents and other potential financial interests.Design: Survey of a 6-month sample of papers related to molecular biology in Nature.Methods: The esp@cenet worldwide patent search engine was used to search for patents applied for by the authors of scientific papers in Nature that were related to molecular biology and genetics, between January and June 2005.Results: Of the 79 papers considered, four had declared that certain authors had competing financial interests. (...)
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  27.  11
    Anna-K. Mayer (2002). Fatal Mutilations: Educationism and the British Background to the 1931 International Congress for the History of Science and Technology. History of Science 40 (4; ISSU 130):445-472.
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  28.  15
    Don Mayer (2007). Kasky V. Nike and the Quarrelsome Question of Corporate Free Speech. Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (1):65-96.
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  29.  12
    Jan Mayer (1988). Themes of Social Responsibility: A Survey of Three Professional Schools. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (4):313-320.
    Criteria distinguishing the professions from ordinary occupations have traditionally stressed the notion of commitment to a service ethic which implies social responsibility. In this survey of 223 students and faculty of three university professional schools in Canada, the extent to which students exhibit awareness of the ethical component in their future work is examined. Particular attention is paid to the structural contradictions inherent in the work context of the salaried professions, especially the ethical dilemmas that arise out of bureaucratic demands (...)
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  30. Verena Mayer & Mikko Salmela (eds.) (2009). Emotions, Ethics, and Authenticity. John Benjamins.
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  31.  18
    David De Cremer, David M. Mayer & Marshall Schminke (2010). Guest Editors' Introduction On Understanding Ethical Behavior and Decision Making. Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (1):1-6.
    Behavioral ethics is an emerging field that takes an empirical, social scientific approach to the study of business ethics. In this special issue, we include six articles that fall within the domain of behavioral ethics and that focus on three themes—moral awareness, ethical decision making, and reactions to unethical behavior. Each of the articles sheds additional light on the specific issues addressed. However, we hope this special issue will have an impact beyond that of the new insights offered in these (...)
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  32.  13
    Serenella Cerrito & Marta Cialdea Mayer (2010). An Efficient Approach to Nominal Equalities in Hybrid Logic Tableaux. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 20 (1-2):39-61.
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  33.  9
    Cornelius Mayer (1972). Garanten der Offenbarung. Augustinianum 12 (1):51-78.
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  34.  23
    Benjamin E. Mayer (1994). Metaphysics. Semiotics:162-180.
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  35.  10
    Thomas Mayer (2001). Improving Communication in Economics: A Task for Methodologists. Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (1):77-84.
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  36.  37
    Robert Mayer (2003). Payday Loans and Exploitation. Public Affairs Quarterly 17 (3):197--217.
    This paper uses the example of payday loans to identify two standards of exploitation that better accord with intuitions about taking unfair advantage than neoclassical or neo-Marxian exploitation theory. These two standards are derived from ongoing policy debates about the regulation of payday loans. The sufficiency standard is more restrictive than relative-advantage theory, but the latter indicates when exceptions to the prohibition on exploitation should be made for the sake of the disadvantaged party.
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  37.  14
    Don Mayer & Anita Cava (1993). Ethics and the Gender Equality Dilemma for U.S. Multinationals. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (9):701 - 708.
    U.S. multinational enterprises must now follow the policies of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in their overseas operations, at least with respect to U.S. expatriate employees. Doing so in a culture which discourages gender equality in the workplace raises difficult issues, both practically and ethically. Vigorously importing U.S. attitudes toward gender-equality into a social culture such as Japan or Saudi Arabia may seem ethnocentric, a version of ethical imperialism. Yet adapting to host country norms risks a (...)
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  38.  6
    Thomas Mayer (2000). Data Mining: A Reconsideration. Journal of Economic Methodology 7 (2):183-194.
    Data mining occurs because most economic hypotheses do not have a unique empirical interpretation but allow the econometrician much leeway in selecting conditioning variables, lags, functional forms, and sometimes the sample. The resulting problems are of interest not only to methodologists and philosophers concerned with how hypotheses are validated in the presence of some inevitable ad hocery but, also to readers of economics journals who have no interest in methodology but need to know whether to believe what they read. Since (...)
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  39.  72
    Verena Mayer (2003). Implicit Thoughts: Quine, Frege and Kant on Analytic Propositions. Grazer Philosophische Studien 66 (1):61-90.
    Quine criticised the semantic notion of analyticity that is often attributed to Frege and Kant for presupposing an essentialist theory of meaning. In what follows I trace back the notion from Quine via Carnap to Frege and Kant, and eventually examine Kant's distinction between analytic and synthetic judgements in more detail. It turns out that the so called Frege-Kant-notion of analyticity can not be attributed to Kant. In contrast, Kant had a distinctly pragmatic notion of analytic judgements. According to him (...)
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  40.  6
    Thomas Mayer (1999). The Domain of Hypotheses and the Realism of Assumptions. Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (3):319-330.
    The principle that theories should be tested by the accuracy of their predictions but not by the realism of their assumptions needs to be qualified. As a practical matter we often need to evaluate the applicability of theories to cases for which they have not been tested by their predictions. Here we rely on the fact that theories are applicable only within a specific domain. In determining whether a specific case, for which no direct tests are available, is within the (...)
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  41.  16
    Wendy Mayer (2000). Through a Bishop's Eyes. Augustinianum 40 (2):345-397.
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  42.  16
    O. H. Mayer (1909). A Defense of International Language. The Monist 19 (3):425-430.
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  43.  6
    Petrus Cornelius Mayer (1986). Augustins Bekehrung im Lichte Seiner 'Bekenntnisse'. Augustinian Studies 17:31-45.
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  44.  6
    Milton Mayer (2011). Author's Response. World Futures 11 (sup1):124-127.
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  45.  7
    Thomas Mayer (1994). Expanding the Role of Methodology. Journal of Economic Methodology 1 (2):295-300.
    One way of inducing economists to pay more attention to methodology is for methodologists to take up problems that practicing economists will see as relevant to their work and discuss them in a non-technical manner. The paper provides some examples of how methodologists could aid practicing economists in this way. The examples used are the validity of the new classical's insistence on reductionism, the tension between those who want to ground economic theory rigorously, and those willing to work with informal (...)
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  46.  1
    Judith Winzemer Mayer, Anne Erreich & Virginia Valian (1978). Transformations, Basic Operations and Language Acquisition. Cognition 6 (1):1-13.
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  47.  6
    William G. Mayer (2005). What Conservative Media? The Unproven Case for Conservative Media Bias. Critical Review 17 (3-4):315-338.
    Abstract A great deal of recent academic writing claims?but, more often, assumes?that the American news media have a predominantly conservative bias, slanting and shaping their coverage in ways that favor right?wing foreign, economic, cultural, and social policies. Two major books pioneered this position and have gone largely uncriticized, despite their immense influence. A detailed examination of Herbert Gans's Deciding What's News and Ben Bagdikian's The Media Monopoly shows, however, that they fall far short of proving their claims about media bias. (...)
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  48.  10
    Thomas Mayer (2001). The Role of Ideology in Disagreements Among Economists: A Quantitative Analysis. Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (2):253-273.
    How justified is the charge that ideology strongly influences the allegedly objective opinions of economists? An analysis of a new survey of AEA members and of surveys of labour economists and public economists shows that value judgments and judgments about the government's efficacy have some influence on the way economists think about what should be purely economic issues. But such influence is not strong enough to explain much of the disagreement among economists.
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  49.  8
    Thomas Mayer (1994). Why is There so Much Disagreement Among Economists? Journal of Economic Methodology 1 (1):1-14.
  50.  55
    Robert Mayer (1997). Plekhanov, Lenin and Working-Class Consciousness. Studies in East European Thought 49 (3):159-185.
    According to the prevailing scholarly view, made popular by Neil Harding, Lenin is said to have derived his well-known theory of working-class consciousness in What Is To Be Done? from G. V. Plekhanov, the father of Russian Marxism. Is this article I demonstrate, however, that Plekhanov and Lenin disagreed quite sharply on this question. Plekhanov did not believe that workers would fail to develop a socialist consciousness in the absence of external intervention. Indeed, Plekhanov was a thorough-going optimist about proletarian (...)
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