Results for 'Michael H. Bischof'

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  1.  32
    Vulnerability: What Kind of Principle is It?Michael H. Kottow - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):281-287.
    The so-called European principles of bioethicsare a welcome enrichment of principlistbioethics. Nevertheless, vulnerability, dignityand integrity can perhaps be moreaccurately understood as anthropologicaldescriptions of the human condition. Theymay inspire a normative language, but they donot contain it primarily lest a naturalisticfallacy be committed. These anthropologicalfeatures strongly suggest the need todevelop deontic arguments in support of theprotection such essential attributes ofhumanity require. Protection is to beuniversalized, since all human beings sharevulnerability, integrity and dignity, thusfundamenting a mandate requiring justice andrespect for fundamental human (...)
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  2.  18
    What You Should Know to Survive in Knowledge Societies: On a Semiotic Understanding of ‘Knowledge’.Michael H. G. Hoffmann & Wolff-Michael Roth - 2005 - Semiotica 2005 (157):105-142.
    Different situations — like school and workplace — demand different forms of knowledge. Even more important, in particular for lifelong learning, are forms of knowledge we need for managing movements between those situations. To develop a better understanding of how to ‘navigate’ knowledge boundaries, this paper analyzes, firstly, interviews with scientists interpreting familiar and unfamiliar graphs. Our goal is to identify those forms of knowledge that should receive special attention in education. Secondly, the article elaborates — based on Peirce’s semiotics (...)
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  3.  21
    Law, Fossils, and the Configuring of Hegel’s Philosophy of Nature.Michael H. Hoffheimer - 1995 - Idealistic Studies 25 (2):155-173.
    This paper will draw on Hegel’s writings in Jena from 1801 to 1804, especially the fragments for a philosophy of nature from 1803-04, to explore his sustained concern with the proper configuration of a system of nature. Hegel’s earliest treatment of nature sheds light on the role of nature in the system he published over a decade later. Moreover, the earliest system illuminates two problems posed by his later philosophy of nature-the relationship of nature and spirit, and the sequence and (...)
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  4.  24
    Art and the Absolute: A Study In Hegel’s Aesthetics.Michael H. Mitias - 1989 - Idealistic Studies 19 (1):89-90.
    We are told by its author that Art and the Absolute is a study of Hegel’s Aesthetics, but it is not; it is mainly an attempt to elucidate certain principles and categories in Hegel’s aesthetic theory and show their relevance and importance—or more concretely, the relevance and importance of Hegel’s aesthetic insight—in analyzing some of the central questions and issues in contemporary philosophy of art.
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  5.  4
    Art and the Absolute: A Study In Hegel’s Aesthetics. [REVIEW]Michael H. Mitias - 1989 - Idealistic Studies 19 (1):89-90.
    We are told by its author that Art and the Absolute is a study of Hegel’s Aesthetics, but it is not; it is mainly an attempt to elucidate certain principles and categories in Hegel’s aesthetic theory and show their relevance and importance—or more concretely, the relevance and importance of Hegel’s aesthetic insight—in analyzing some of the central questions and issues in contemporary philosophy of art.
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  6.  24
    Benedetto Croce Reconsidered: Truth and Error In Theories of Art. [REVIEW]Michael H. Mitias - 1992 - Idealistic Studies 22 (3):270-271.
    Precision, lucidity, richness of insight, and critical, objective judgment are, I think, some of the essential features of good philosophical thought. This book exemplifies, to a good extent, these features. In it the author tries to achieve two main goals: first, to distinguish what still “lives” in Croce’s philosophy “from what may be advantageously discarded, that is, the idealistic implications that he drew from his tenet that historical knowledge is self-knowledge.” Here Moss argues that “Croce’s idealist epistemological assumptions along with (...)
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  7.  24
    Whitehead, Process Philosophy, and Education.Michael H. Mitias - 1983 - Idealistic Studies 13 (3):267-268.
    This insightful and meticulous book is composed of two major parts. In the first part Brumbaugh argues that the classical concepts of space, time, and causality underlie contemporary understanding of the meaning and aims of education. But these concepts, like the Cartesian concept of “insular space,” are one-sided. Human beings are viewed as self-enclosed entities, as external to each other. Though rejected nowadays, this idea shapes educational thinking. We still consider the student as a kind of mental box which needs (...)
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  8. "Unless You Believe, You Shall Not Understand" Logic, University, and Society in Late Medieval Vienna.Michael H. Shank - 1988
  9.  7
    Rationality in Science, Religion, and Everyday Life: A Critical Evaluation of Four Models of Rationality.Michael H. Barnes - 1997 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 42 (3):190-192.
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  10.  12
    Practical Reflection.Michael H. Robins - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):949-952.
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  11.  6
    Comparison of Two Theories of "Ratio" and "Difference" Judgments.Michael H. Birnbaum - 1980 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 109 (3):304-319.
  12.  96
    General Cognitive Principles for Learning Structure in Time and Space.Michael H. Goldstein, Heidi R. Waterfall, Arnon Lotem, Joseph Y. Halpern, Jennifer A. Schwade, Luca Onnis & Shimon Edelman - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (6):249-258.
  13.  45
    Reflective Argumentation: A Cognitive Function of Arguing.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2016 - Argumentation 30 (4):365-397.
    Why do we formulate arguments? Usually, things such as persuading opponents, finding consensus, and justifying knowledge are listed as functions of arguments. But arguments can also be used to stimulate reflection on one’s own reasoning. Since this cognitive function of arguments should be important to improve the quality of people’s arguments and reasoning, for learning processes, for coping with “wicked problems,” and for the resolution of conflicts, it deserves to be studied in its own right. This contribution develops first steps (...)
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  14.  11
    New Paradoxes of Risky Decision Making.Michael H. Birnbaum - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):463-501.
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  15.  31
    The Ethical Context of Entrepreneurship: Proposing and Testing a Developmental Framework. [REVIEW]Michael H. Morris, Minet Schindehutte, John Walton & Jeffrey Allen - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 40 (4):331 - 361.
    The aim of this study is to increase our understanding of the ethical climate of entrepreneurial firms as they grow and develop. A developmental framework is introduced to describe the formal and informal ethical structures that emerge in entrepreneurial firms over time. Factors influencing where firms are within the developmental framework are posited, including the entrepreneur's psychological profile, lifecycle stage of the business, and descriptive characteristics of the venture. It is also proposed that the implementation of ethical structures will impact (...)
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  16.  27
    A Cognitive Account of Belief: A Tentative Road Map.Michael H. Connors & Peter W. Halligan - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  17.  42
    The Vulnerable and the Susceptible.Michael H. Kottow - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (5-6):460-471.
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  18.  6
    Using Sound to Solve Syntactic Problems: The Role of Phonology in Grammatical Category Assignments.Michael H. Kelly - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (2):349-364.
  19.  62
    Philosophy of and as Interdisciplinarity.Michael H. G. Hoffmann, Jan C. Schmidt & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2013 - Synthese 190 (11):1857-1864.
  20.  42
    Promising, Intending and Moral Autonomy.Michael H. Robins - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.
    Introduction Promising seems to be an act of intentionally creating an obligation where none existed before, but how is such a thing accomplished? ...
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  21.  5
    Consensus Building and Its Epistemic Conditions.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - forthcoming - Topoi:1-14.
    Most of the epistemological debate on disagreement tries to develop standards that describe which actions or beliefs would be rational under specific circumstances in a controversy. To build things on a firm foundation, much work starts from certain idealizations—for example the assumption that parties in a disagreement share all the evidence that is relevant and are equal with regard to their abilities and dispositions. This contribution, by contrast, focuses on a different question and takes a different route. The question is: (...)
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  22.  66
    How to Get It. Diagrammatic Reasoning as a Tool of Knowledge Development and its Pragmatic Dimension.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (3):285-305.
    Discussions concerning belief revision, theorydevelopment, and ``creativity'' in philosophy andAI, reveal a growing interest in Peirce'sconcept of abduction. Peirce introducedabduction in an attempt to providetheoretical dignity and clarification to thedifficult problem of knowledge generation. Hewrote that ``An Abduction is Originary inrespect to being the only kind of argumentwhich starts a new idea'' (Peirce, CP 2.26).These discussions, however, led to considerabledebates about the precise way in which Peirce'sabduction can be used to explain knowledgegeneration (cf. Magnani, 1999; Hoffmann, 1999).The crucial question is (...)
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  23.  38
    Stimulating Reflection and Self-Correcting Reasoning Through Argument Mapping: Three Approaches.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2018 - Topoi 37 (1):185-199.
    A large body of research in cognitive science differentiates human reasoning into two types: fast, intuitive, and emotional “System 1” thinking, and slower, more reflective “System 2” reasoning. According to this research, human reasoning is by default fast and intuitive, but that means that it is prone to error and biases that cloud our judgments and decision making. To improve the quality of reasoning, critical thinking education should develop strategies to slow it down and to become more reflective. The goal (...)
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  24. The Structure of Social Science: A Philosophical Introduction.Michael H. Lessnoff - 1974 - International Publications Service.
  25.  18
    Paradoxes of Democratic Accountability: Polarized Parties, Hard Decisions, and No Despot to Veto.Michael H. Murakami - 2008 - Critical Review 20 (1-2):91-113.
    Parties are back, and many are cheering. Party polarization has voters seeing stark differences between Democrats and Republicans and demonstrating more ideological constraint than previous generations. But these signs of a more “responsible” electorate are an illusion, because the public is no more knowledgeable than ever about the type of “information” it needs if it is to exercise effective control over the public‐policy outcomes it cares the most about. Indeed, polarization has produced a political environment where both voters and policy (...)
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  26.  4
    All in Good Time: Long-Lasting Postdictive Effects Reveal Discrete Perception.Michael H. Herzog, Leila Drissi-Daoudi & Adrien Doerig - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (10):826-837.
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  27.  32
    Hypnosis and Belief: A Review of Hypnotic Delusions. [REVIEW]Michael H. Connors - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:27-43.
  28.  75
    Primary Ousia: An Essay on Aristotle's Metaphysics Z and H.Michael J. LOUX - 1991 - Cornell University Press.
    Michael J. Loux here presents a fresh reading of two of the most important books of the Metaphysics, Books Z and H, in which Aristotle presents his mature ...
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  29.  16
    The More Things Change…: Metamorphoses and Conceptual Structure.Michael H. Kelly & Frank C. Keil - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (4):403-416.
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  30.  13
    John Dewey’s Theory of Art, Experience and Nature: The Horizons of Feeling.Michael H. Mitias - 1987 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 46 (4):526-528.
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  31.  20
    Sources of Mass Political Disagreement: Rejoinder to Marietta.Michael H. Murakami - 2010 - Critical Review 22 (2-3):331-354.
    Do people tend to disagree over political issues because of conflicting values? Or do they disagree about which policies will most effectively promote shared values? In a previous article, I argued that the issues most people think are most important tend to fall into the latter category. On the issues of greatest importance to the mass public, most citizens agree about the ends that are desirable, but disagree about which policy means would best effectuate those ends. Consequently, disputes about facts—disputes (...)
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  32.  36
    Schizophrenia and Visual Backward Masking: A General Deficit of Target Enhancement.Michael H. Herzog, Maya Roinishvili, Eka Chkonia & Andreas Brand - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  33.  38
    Modeling Ethical Attitudes and Behaviors Under Conditions of Environmental Turbulence: The Case of South Africa. [REVIEW]Michael H. Morris, Amy S. Marks, Jeffrey A. Allen & Newman S. Peery - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (10):1119 - 1130.
    This study explores the impact of environmental turbulence on relationships between personal and organizational characteristics, personal values, ethical perceptions, and behavioral intentions. A causal model is tested using data obtained from a national sample of marketing research professionals in South Africa. The findings suggest turbulent conditions lead professionals to report stronger values and ethical norms, but less ethical behavioral intentions. Implications are drawn for organizations confronting growing turbulence in their external environments. A number of suggestions are made for ongoing research.
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  34.  34
    A Laboratory Analogue of Mirrored-Self Misidentification Delusion: The Role of Hypnosis, Suggestion, and Demand Characteristics.Michael H. Connors, Amanda J. Barnier, Robyn Langdon, Rochelle E. Cox, Vince Polito & Max Coltheart - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1510-1522.
    Mirrored-self misidentification is the delusional belief that one's own reflection in the mirror is a stranger. In two experiments, we tested the ability of hypnotic suggestion to model this condition. In Experiment 1, we compared two suggestions based on either the delusion's surface features (seeing a stranger in the mirror) or underlying processes (impaired face processing). Fifty-two high hypnotisable participants received one of these suggestions either with hypnosis or without in a wake control. In Experiment 2, we examined the extent (...)
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  35. Analyzing Framing Processes in Conflicts and Communication by Means of Logical Argument Mapping.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2011 - In . Peter Lang.
    The primary goal of this chapter is to present a new method—called Logical Argument Mapping —for the analysis of framing processes as they occur in any communication, but especially in conflicts. I start with a distinction between boundary setting, meaning construction, and sensemaking as three forms or aspects of framing, and argue that crucial for the resolution of frame-based controversies is our ability to deal with those “webs” of mutually supporting beliefs that determine sensemaking processes. Since any analysis of framing (...)
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  36. Promising, Intending and Moral Automony.Michael H. Robins & N. J. H. Dent - 1986 - Mind 95 (378):268-272.
     
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  37.  30
    Facilitating Problem-Based Learning by Means of Collaborative Argument Visualization Software.Michael H. G. Hoffmann & Jeremy A. Lingle - 2015 - Teaching Philosophy 38 (4):371-398.
    There is evidence that problem-based learning is an effective approach to teach team and problem-solving skills, but also to acquire content knowledge. However, there is hardly any literature about using PBL in philosophy classes. One problem is that PBL is resource intensive because a facilitator is needed for each group of students to support learning efforts and monitor group dynamics. In order to establish more PBL classes, the question is whether PBL can be provided without the need for facilitators. We (...)
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  38.  39
    Changing Philosophy Through Technology: Complexity and Computer-Supported Collaborative Argument Mapping.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (2):167-188.
    Technology is not only an object of philosophical reflection but also something that can change this reflection. This paper discusses the potential of computer-supported argument visualization tools for coping with the complexity of philosophical arguments. I will show, in particular, how the interactive and web-based argument mapping software “AGORA-net” can change the practice of philosophical reflection, communication, and collaboration. AGORA-net allows the graphical representation of complex argumentations in logical form and the synchronous and asynchronous collaboration on those “argument maps” on (...)
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  39.  9
    Expertise and the Representation of Space.Michael H. Connors & Guillermo Campitelli - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  40.  17
    The Elusive Notion of “Argument Quality”.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2018 - Argumentation 32 (2):213-240.
    We all seem to have a sense of what good and bad arguments are, and there is a long history—focusing on fallacies—of trying to provide objective standards that would allow a clear separation of good and bad arguments. This contribution discusses the limits of attempts to determine the quality of arguments. It begins with defining bad arguments as those that deviate from an established standard of good arguments. Since there are different conceptualizations of “argument”—as controversy, as debate, and as justification—and (...)
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  41.  1
    A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions to the End of the Fifth Century B. C.Michael H. Jameson, Russell Meiggs & David Lewis - 1972 - American Journal of Philology 93 (3):474.
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  42.  60
    Testing Transitivity in Choice Under Risk.Michael H. Birnbaum & Ulrich Schmidt - 2010 - Theory and Decision 69 (4):599-614.
    Recently proposed models of risky choice imply systematic violations of transitivity of preference. This study explored whether people show the predicted intransitivity of the two models proposed to account for the certainty effect in Allais paradoxes. In order to distinguish “true” violations from those produced by “error,” a model was fit in which each choice can have a different error rate and each person can have a different pattern of preferences that need not be transitive. Error rate for a choice (...)
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  43.  59
    Consciousness & the Small Network Argument.Michael H. Herzog & Michael Esfeld - unknown
    The last decade has experienced a vivid enthusiasm to unravel the mystery of consciousness believed to be one of the major puzzles of human kind. We share this enthusiasm. Still, we feel that current models are incomplete suffering from a problem that we call the “small network argument”.
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  44.  41
    Expertise in Complex Decision Making: The Role of Search in Chess 70 Years After de Groot.Michael H. Connors, Bruce D. Burns & Guillermo Campitelli - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (8):1567-1579.
    One of the most influential studies in all expertise research is de Groot’s (1946) study of chess players, which suggested that pattern recognition, rather than search, was the key determinant of expertise. Many changes have occurred in the chess world since de Groot’s study, leading some authors to argue that the cognitive mechanisms underlying expertise have also changed. We decided to replicate de Groot’s study to empirically test these claims and to examine whether the trends in the data have changed (...)
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  45.  13
    Morality Judgments: Tests of an Averaging Model.Michael H. Birnbaum - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):35.
  46.  54
    Philosophy and Architecture.Michael H. Mitias (ed.) - 1994 - Rodopi.
    Contents: PART I: AESTHETICS OF ARCHITECTURE: QUESTIONS. Francis SPARSHOTT: The Aesthetics of Architecture and the Politics of Space. Arnold BERLEANT: Architecture and the Aesthetics of Continuity. Stephen DAVIES: Is Architecture Art? PART II: NATURE OF ARCHITECTURE. B.R. TILGHMAN: Architecture, Expression, and the Understanding of a Culture. David NOVITZ: Architectural Brilliance and the Constraints of Time. Michael H. MITIAS: Expression in Architecture. Ralf WEBER: The Myth of Meaningful Forms. Michael H. MITIAS: Is Meaning in Architecture a Myth? A Response (...)
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  47.  5
    Evaluation of the Priority Heuristic as a Descriptive Model of Risky Decision Making: Comment on Brandstätter, Gigerenzer, and Hertwig.Michael H. Birnbaum - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (1):253-260.
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  48.  27
    The Rationale of Value‐Laden Medicine.Michael H. Kottow Ma Md - 2002 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (1):77-84.
  49.  13
    Whither Bioethics? A Reply to Commentaries on 'The Rationale of Value‐Laden Medicine' (Kottow 2002; Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8, 77–84). [REVIEW]Michael H. Kottow - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (1):71-73.
  50.  27
    The Nonadditivity of Personality Impressions.Michael H. Birnbaum - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):543.
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