Search results for 'Erik Aarts' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Erik Aarts (1994). Proving Theorems of the Second Order Lambek Calculus in Polynomial Time. Studia Logica 53 (3):373 - 387.score: 240.0
    In the Lambek calculus of order 2 we allow only sequents in which the depth of nesting of implications is limited to 2. We prove that the decision problem of provability in the calculus can be solved in time polynomial in the length of the sequent. A normal form for proofs of second order sequents is defined. It is shown that for every proof there is a normal form proof with the same axioms. With this normal form we can give (...)
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  2. Erik Aarts & Kees Trautwein (1995). Non‐Associative Lambek Categorial Grammar in Polynomial Time. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 41 (4):476-484.score: 240.0
    We present a new axiomatization of the non-associative Lambek calculus. We prove that it takes polynomial time to reduce any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar to an equivalent context-free grammar. Since it is possible to recognize a sentence generated by a context-free grammar in polynomial time, this proves that a sentence generated by any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar can be recognized in polynomial time.
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  3. Erik Bijleveld, Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts (2010). Unconscious Reward Cues Increase Invested Effort, but Do Not Change Speed–Accuracy Tradeoffs. Cognition 115 (2):330-335.score: 240.0
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  4. Alexander A. Aarts, Cilia L. M. Witteman, Pierre M. Souren & Jos I. M. Egger (2012). Associations Between Psychologists' Thinking Styles and Accuracy on a Diagnostic Classification Task. Synthese 189 (S1):119-130.score: 30.0
    The present study investigated whether individual differences between psychologists in thinking styles are associated with accuracy in diagnostic classification. We asked novice and experienced clinicians to classify two clinical cases of clients with two co-occurring psychological disorders. No significant difference in diagnostic accuracy was found between the two groups, but when combining the data from novices and experienced psychologists accuracy was found to be negatively associated with certain decision making strategies and with a higher self-assessed ability and preference for a (...)
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  5. Ap Dijksterhuis, Henk Aarts & Pamela K. Smith (2005). The Power of the Subliminal: On Subliminal Persuasion and Other Potential Applications. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford University Press. 77-106.score: 30.0
  6. Henk Aarts & Andrew J. Elliot (eds.) (2012). Goal-Directed Behavior. Psychology Press.score: 30.0
    This volume presents chapters from internationally renowned scholars in the area of goals and social behavior.
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  7. Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts (2011). Learning of Predictive Relations Between Events Depends on Attention, Not on Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):368-378.score: 30.0
    It is generally assumed that storing predictive relations between two events in memory as bi-directional associations does not require conscious awareness of this relation, whereas the formation of unidirectional associations that capture the direction of the relation does. This study reports a set of experiments demonstrating that unidirectional associations can be formed even when awareness of the relation is actively prevented, if attention is “tuned” to process predictive relations. When participants engaged in predicting targets based on cues in an unrelated (...)
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  8. Hein Te Velde, Noelle Aarts & Cees Van Woerkum (2002). Dealing with Ambivalence: Farmers' and Consumers' Perceptions of Animal Welfare in Livestock Breeding. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):203-219.score: 30.0
    The results of an empirical study intoperceptions of the treatment of farm animals inthe Netherlands are presented. A qualitativeapproach, based on in-depth interviews withmeat livestock farmers and consumers was chosenin order to assess motivations behindperceptions and to gain insight into the waypeople deal with possible discrepancies betweentheir perceptions and their daily practices.Perceptions are analyzed with the help of aframe of reference, which consists ofvalues, norms, convictions, interests, andknowledge.The perceptions of the interviewed farmersare quite consistent and without exceptionpositive: according to them, (...)
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  9. Hein Te Velde, Noelle Aarts & Cees van Woerkum (2002). Dealing with Ambivalence: Farmers' and Consumers' Perceptions of Animal Welfare in Livestock Breeding. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):203-219.score: 30.0
    The results of an empirical study intoperceptions of the treatment of farm animals inthe Netherlands are presented. A qualitativeapproach, based on in-depth interviews withmeat livestock farmers and consumers was chosenin order to assess motivations behindperceptions and to gain insight into the waypeople deal with possible discrepancies betweentheir perceptions and their daily practices.Perceptions are analyzed with the help of aframe of reference, which consists ofvalues, norms, convictions, interests, andknowledge.
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  10. Maurits Kaptein, Panos Markopoulos, Boris Ruyter & Emile Aarts (2011). Two Acts of Social Intelligence: The Effects of Mimicry and Social Praise on the Evaluation of an Artificial Agent. [REVIEW] AI and Society 26 (3):261-273.score: 30.0
    This paper describes a study of the effects of two acts of social intelligence, namely mimicry and social praise, when used by an artificial social agent. An experiment ( N = 50) is described which shows that social praise—positive feedback about the ongoing conversation—increases the perceived friendliness of a chat-robot. Mimicry—displaying matching behavior—enhances the perceived intelligence of the robot. We advice designers to incorporate both mimicry and social praise when their system needs to function as a social actor. Different ways (...)
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  11. Anouk van Der Weiden, Henk Aarts & Kirsten I. Ruys (2010). Reflecting on the Action or its Outcome: Behavior Representation Level Modulates High Level Outcome Priming Effects on Self-Agency Experiences. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):21-32.score: 30.0
    Recent research suggests that one can have the feeling of being the cause of an action’s outcome, even in the absence of a prior intention to act. That is, experienced self-agency over behavior increases when outcome representations are primed outside of awareness, prior to executing the action and observing the resulting outcome. Based on the notion that behavior can be represented at different levels, we propose that priming outcome representations is more likely to augment self-agency experiences when the primed representation (...)
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  12. Hanneke J. Nijland, Noelle M. C. Aarts & Reint Jan Renes (2013). Frames and Ambivalence in Context: An Analysis of Hands-On Experts' Perception of the Welfare of Animals in Traveling Circuses in The Netherlands. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):523-535.score: 30.0
    The results of an empirical study into the perceptions of “hands-on” experts concerning the welfare of (non-human) animals in traveling circuses in the Netherlands are presented. A qualitative approach, based on in-depth conversations with trainers/performers, former trainers/performers, veterinarians, and an owner of an animal shelter, conveyed several patterns in the contextual construction of perceptions and the use of dissonance reduction strategies. Perceptions were analyzed with the help of the Symbolic Convergence Theory and the model of the frame of reference, consisting (...)
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  13. Daniel Wegner, Dijksterhuis, A., Preston, J. & H. Aarts, Effects of Subliminal Priming of Self and God on Self-Attribution of Authorship for Events.score: 30.0
  14. Henk Aarts, Ruud Custers & Daniel M. Wegner (2005). On the Inference of Personal Authorship: Enhancing Experienced Agency by Priming Effect Information☆. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):439-458.score: 30.0
    Three experiments examined whether the mere priming of potential action effects enhances people’s feeling of causing these effects when they occur. In a computer task, participants and the computer independently moved a rapidly moving square on a display. Participants had to press a key, thereby stopping the movement. However, the participant or the computer could have caused the square to stop on the observed position, and accordingly, the stopped position of the square could be conceived of as the potential effect (...)
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  15. Myrthel Dogge, Marloes Schaap, Ruud Custers, Daniel M. Wegner & Henk Aarts (2012). When Moving Without Volition: Implied Self-Causation Enhances Binding Strength Between Involuntary Actions and Effects. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):501-506.score: 30.0
    The conscious awareness of voluntary action is associated with systematic changes in time perception: The interval between actions and outcomes is experienced as compressed in time. Although this temporal binding is thought to result from voluntary movement and provides a window to the sense of agency, recent studies challenge this idea by demonstrating binding in involuntary movement. We offer a potential account for these findings by proposing that binding between involuntary actions and effects can occur when self-causation is implied. Participants (...)
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  16. [deleted]Hans Marien, Henk Aarts & Ruud Custers (2013). Adaptive Control of Human Action: The Role of Outcome Representations and Reward Signals. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 30.0
    The present paper aims to advance the understanding of the control of human behavior by integrating two lines of literature that so far have led separate lives. First, one line of literature is concerned with the ideomotor principle of human behavior, according to which actions are represented in terms of their outcomes. The second line of literature mainly considers the role of reward signals in adaptive control. Here, we offer a combined perspective on how outcome representations and reward signals work (...)
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  17. Claire M. Zedelius, Harm Veling & Henk Aarts (2011). Boosting or Choking – How Conscious and Unconscious Reward Processing Modulate the Active Maintenance of Goal-Relevant Information. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):355-362.score: 30.0
    Two experiments examined similarities and differences in the effects of consciously and unconsciously perceived rewards on the active maintenance of goal-relevant information. Participants could gain high and low monetary rewards for performance on a word span task. The reward value was presented supraliminally or subliminally at different stages during the task. In Experiment 1, rewards were presented before participants processed the target words. Enhanced performance was found in response to higher rewards, regardless whether they were presented supraliminally or subliminally. In (...)
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  18. Carlson Erik (2003). Dynamic Inconsistency and Performable Plans. Philosophical Studies 113 (2).score: 30.0
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  19. [deleted]Harm Veling, Henk Aarts & Wolfgang Stroebe (2013). Stop Signals Decrease Choices for Palatable Foods Through Decreased Food Evaluation. Frontiers in Psychology 4:875.score: 30.0
    The present study explores whether presenting specific palatable foods in close temporal proximity of stop signals in a go/no-go task decreases subsequent evaluations of such foods among participants with a relatively high appetite. Furthermore, we tested whether any decreased evaluations could mediate subsequent food choice. Participants first received a go/no-go task in which palatable foods were consistently linked to go cues or no-go cues within participants. Next, evaluation of the palatable foods was measured as well as food choice. Replicating previous (...)
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  20. [deleted]Claire Zedelius, Harm Veling & Henk Aarts (2012). When Unconscious Rewards Boost Cognitive Task Performance Inefficiently: The Role of Consciousness in Integrating Value and Attainability Information. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 30.0
    Research has shown that high vs. low value rewards improve cognitive task performance independent of whether they are perceived consciously or unconsciously. However, efficient performance in response to high value rewards also depends on whether or not rewards are attainable. This raises the question of whether unconscious reward processing enables people to take into account such attainability information. Building on a theoretical framework according to which conscious reward processing is required to enable higher level cognitive processing, the present research tested (...)
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  21. Ap Dijksterhuis & Henk Aarts (2012). Control, Consciousness, and Agency. In Henk Aarts & Andrew J. Elliot (eds.), Goal-Directed Behavior. Psychology Press.score: 30.0
  22. Jan M. G. Aarts (1979). Metaphor and Non-Metaphor: The Semantics of Adjective Noun Combinations. Niemeyer.score: 30.0
     
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  23. Giuseppina Ronzitti (2010). A Note on an Unpublished Manuscript by Erik Stenius. Theoria 76 (1):91-96.score: 24.0
    Material kept in the National Library of Finland shows that from 1963 until 1969 Erik Stenius (1911–1990) worked on a book on antinomies , having been invited by the Dutch logician Evert Beth (1908–1964) to contribute a monograph to the North-Holland series Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics . The book was never published, but the manuscript has been found, and it is the purpose of this note to report on this finding.
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  24. Erik C. W. Krabbe (2001). Dialogue Foundations: Dialogue Logic Revisited: Erik C. W. Krabbe. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):33–49.score: 18.0
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  25. Nicholas Wolterstorff (2013). Reply to Kevin Carnahan and Erik A. Anderson. Philosophia 41 (2):429-435.score: 18.0
    In my response to Kevin Carnahan, I explain the concept of religion that I have been working with in my writings on the place of religious reasons in public political discourse. While acknowledging that religion is often privatized, my concern has been with religion as a way of life. It is religion so understood that raises the most serious issues concerning the role of religion in public discourse. In my response to Erik A. Anderson, I go beyond what I (...)
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  26. William Dembski, If Only Darwinists Scrutinized Their Own Work as Closely: A Response to "Erik".score: 18.0
    An Internet persona known as "Erik" reviewed those aspects of my book No Free Lunch dealing with the Law of Conservation of Information and specificational resources. Erik's review is titled "On Dembski's Law of Conservation of Information" and is available at http://www.talkreason.org/articles/dembski_LCI.pdf. I respond to the review here.
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  27. Walter E. Conn (1977). Erik Erikson: The Ethical Orientation, Conscience and the Golden Rule. Journal of Religious Ethics 5 (2):249 - 266.score: 18.0
    Erik Erikson's work in psychosocial developmental theory has made valuable contributions to the field of religious ethics on some very basic issues. This paper makes scattered elements of Erikson's explicit ethical perspective available in concise fashion for critical ethical reflection. It does this in such a way as to highlight the centrally important fact for religious ethics that implicitly operative in Erikson's view is a criterion of "self-transcendence" as definitive of mature personal (fully human, ethical) development.
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  28. Serge-Christophe Kolm (2009). A Response to Erik Schokkaert on Macrojustice. Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):85-98.score: 18.0
    Erik Schokkaert's note presents a very good summary of the theory of macrojustice and a very good list of the directions of research it points to. This is quite fitting since a research programme defines a paradigm, and he sees this proposal as a paradigm shift. This is also very appropriate since his own qualifications are the best for advancing fast in these research topics. I have only a very small number of qualifications to add to his presentation, but (...)
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  29. Erik Kennet Niels Stensen Palsson (1988). Scientist and Saint/by Erik Kennet Palsson; Translated by MNL Couve de Murville.—Dublin. Veritas 21.score: 18.0
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  30. Erik Stenius & Ingmar Pörn (eds.) (1981). Essays in Philosophical Analysis: Dedicated to Erik Stenius on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday. Societas Philosophica Fennica.score: 18.0
     
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  31. John K. Burk (2007). Aiming to Kill: The Ethics of Suicide and Euthanasia. By Nigel Biggar, Religion and the Death Penalty: A Call for Reckoning. Edited by Erik C. Owens, John D. Carlson, and Eric P. Elshtain and Theological Fragments: Explorations in Unsystematic Theology. By Duncan B. Forrester. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 48 (3):489–491.score: 15.0
  32. Lawrence A. Shapiro (2014). Radicalizing Enactivism: Basic Minds Without Content, by Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin. Mind 123 (489):213-220.score: 15.0
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  33. Jon Pérez Laraudogoitia (2010). Erik-Jon Gaizka, the Magician of Infinity. Analysis 70 (3):451 - 456.score: 15.0
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  34. Michael Huemer (2006). Review of Erik Olsson, Against Coherence: Truth, Probability, and Justification. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (5).score: 15.0
  35. Bruce Russell (2008). Review of Erik J. Wielenberg, God and the Reach of Reason: C.S. Lewis, David Hume, and Bertrand Russell. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (7).score: 15.0
  36. John Cottingham (2005). Review of Erik J. Wielenberg, Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (7).score: 15.0
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  37. Alex Callinicos (2003). Egalitarianism and Anticapitalism: A Reply to Harry Brighouse and Erik Olin Wright. Historical Materialism 11 (2):199-214.score: 15.0
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  38. J. R. Matyja (2013). Back to Basics. Review of “Radicalizing Enactivism” by Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin. Constructivist Foundations 8 (3):362-363.score: 15.0
    Upshot: Hutto & Myin’s latest “radical enactive cognition” manifesto is a truly exciting book and – despite its short length – quite thick with argumentation. The word “manifesto” here does not only describe the rousing writing style (filled with witty and resounding expressions), but also the general awed feeling one gets, while reading, of the importance of “RECtifying” the current state of research in enactive cognition. Interestingly for the constructivist community, the hallmark thesis of their book is that there can (...)
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  39. Ronald A. Carson (2000). Erik Parens (Ed.) Enhancing Human Traits: Ethical and Social Implications. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (6):613-616.score: 15.0
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  40. Sudhir Kakar (1968). The Human Life Cycle: The Traditional Hindu View and the Psychology of Erik Erikson. Philosophy East and West 18 (3):127-136.score: 15.0
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  41. A. M. Burnett (1989). Roman Coins of Alexandria Erik Christiansen: The Roman Coins of Alexandria. Quantitative Studies: Nero, Trajan, Septimius Severus. 2 Vols. Pp. 311 and 179; Figures, Tables and Plates. Aarhus University Press, 1988. D.Kr. 215. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 39 (02):349-350.score: 15.0
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  42. Douglas Campbell (2013). Radicalizing Enactivism: Basic Minds with Content By Daniel F. Hutto and Erik Myin. Analysis 74 (1):ant102.score: 15.0
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  43. Christopher Gill (1988). Erik Ostenfeld: Ancient Greek Psychology and the Modern Mind–Body Debate. Pp. 109. Aarhus University Press, 1986. Paper, D. Kr. 79. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 38 (02):427-.score: 15.0
  44. Michael Winterbottom (1978). Erik Wistrand: The so-Called Laudatio Turiae. (Studia Graeca Et Latina Gothoburgensia, XXXIV.) Pp. 79; 7 Plates of Inscription. Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 1976. Cloth, Sw. Kr. 60. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 28 (01):157-158.score: 15.0
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  45. Daniel M. Hausman (2000). Cost-Value Analysis in Health Care: Making Sense Out of QALYs, Erik Nord. Cambridge University Press, 1999, 157 + XXIII Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 16 (2):333-378.score: 15.0
  46. Lainie Friedman Ross (2002). Review of Prenatal Testing and Disability Rights, Edited by Adrienne Asch and Erik Parens. [REVIEW] Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (4):624-626.score: 15.0
  47. Steven Edwards (2002). Review of Prenatal Testing & Disability Rights, Edited by Adrienne Asch and Erik Parens. [REVIEW] Nursing Philosophy 3 (1):73–74.score: 15.0
  48. Duncan K. Foley (1993). Reconstructing Marxism, by Wright Erik Olin, Levine Andrew, and Sober Elliot. London and New York: Verso, 1992, Xii + 202 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 9 (02):297-.score: 15.0
  49. J. Gwyn Griffiths (1986). Erik Iversen: Egyptian and Hermetic Doctrine. (Opuscula Graecolatina, 27.) Pp. 71. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 1984. Paper, D.Kr. 180. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 36 (02):323-324.score: 15.0
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  50. Jason Poettcker (2013). Radicalizing Enactivism: Basic Minds Without Content Hutto Daniel and Myin Erik Cambridge Massachusetts. Mit Press, 2013; VII + 206 Pp. $35.00 (Hardback). [REVIEW] Dialogue:1-3.score: 15.0
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