Search results for 'Erik Aarts' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  5
    Erik Bijleveld, Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts (2010). Unconscious Reward Cues Increase Invested Effort, but Do Not Change Speed–Accuracy Tradeoffs. Cognition 115 (2):330-335.
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  2.  8
    Erik Aarts & Kees Trautwein (1995). Non‐Associative Lambek Categorial Grammar in Polynomial Time. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 41 (4):476-484.
    We present a new axiomatization of the non-associative Lambek calculus. We prove that it takes polynomial time to reduce any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar to an equivalent context-free grammar. Since it is possible to recognize a sentence generated by a context-free grammar in polynomial time, this proves that a sentence generated by any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar can be recognized in polynomial time.
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  3.  24
    Erik Aarts (1994). Proving Theorems of the Second Order Lambek Calculus in Polynomial Time. Studia Logica 53 (3):373 - 387.
    In the Lambek calculus of order 2 we allow only sequents in which the depth of nesting of implications is limited to 2. We prove that the decision problem of provability in the calculus can be solved in time polynomial in the length of the sequent. A normal form for proofs of second order sequents is defined. It is shown that for every proof there is a normal form proof with the same axioms. With this normal form we can give (...)
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  4. Bas Aarts (2007). Syntactic Gradience: The Nature of Grammatical Indeterminacy. Oxford University Press Uk.
    This is the first exhaustive investigation of gradience in syntax, conceived of as grammatical indeterminacy. It looks at gradience in English word classes, phrases, clauses and constructions, and examines how it may be defined and differentiated. Professor Aarts addresses the tension between linguistic concepts and the continuous phenomena they describe by testing and categorizing grammatical vagueness and indeterminacy. He considers to what extent gradience is a grammatical phenomenon or a by-product of imperfect linguistic description, and makes a series of (...)
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  5. Bas Aarts (2007). Syntactic Gradience: The Nature of Grammatical Indeterminacy. Oxford University Press Uk.
    This is the first exhaustive investigation of gradience in syntax, conceived of as grammatical indeterminacy. It looks at gradience in English word classes, phrases, clauses and constructions, and examines how it may be defined and differentiated. Professor Aarts addresses the tension between linguistic concepts and the continuous phenomena they describe by testing and categorizing grammatical vagueness and indeterminacy. He considers to what extent gradience is a grammatical phenomenon or a by-product of imperfect linguistic description, and makes a series of (...)
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  6.  17
    Henk Aarts, Ruud Custers & Daniel M. Wegner (2005). On the Inference of Personal Authorship: Enhancing Experienced Agency by Priming Effect Information☆. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):439-458.
    Three experiments examined whether the mere priming of potential action effects enhances people’s feeling of causing these effects when they occur. In a computer task, participants and the computer independently moved a rapidly moving square on a display. Participants had to press a key, thereby stopping the movement. However, the participant or the computer could have caused the square to stop on the observed position, and accordingly, the stopped position of the square could be conceived of as the potential (...)
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  7.  8
    Hein Te Velde, Noelle Aarts & Cees van Woerkum (2002). Dealing with Ambivalence: Farmers' and Consumers' Perceptions of Animal Welfare in Livestock Breeding. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):203-219.
    The results of an empirical study intoperceptions of the treatment of farm animals inthe Netherlands are presented. A qualitativeapproach, based on in-depth interviews withmeat livestock farmers and consumers was chosenin order to assess motivations behindperceptions and to gain insight into the waypeople deal with possible discrepancies betweentheir perceptions and their daily practices.Perceptions are analyzed with the help of aframe of reference, which consists ofvalues, norms, convictions, interests, andknowledge.
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  8.  11
    Myrthel Dogge, Marloes Schaap, Ruud Custers, Daniel M. Wegner & Henk Aarts (2012). When Moving Without Volition: Implied Self-Causation Enhances Binding Strength Between Involuntary Actions and Effects. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):501-506.
    The conscious awareness of voluntary action is associated with systematic changes in time perception: The interval between actions and outcomes is experienced as compressed in time. Although this temporal binding is thought to result from voluntary movement and provides a window to the sense of agency, recent studies challenge this idea by demonstrating binding in involuntary movement. We offer a potential account for these findings by proposing that binding between involuntary actions and effects can occur when self-causation is implied. Participants (...)
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  9.  13
    Anouk van Der Weiden, Henk Aarts & Kirsten I. Ruys (2010). Reflecting on the Action or its Outcome: Behavior Representation Level Modulates High Level Outcome Priming Effects on Self-Agency Experiences. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):21-32.
    Recent research suggests that one can have the feeling of being the cause of an action’s outcome, even in the absence of a prior intention to act. That is, experienced self-agency over behavior increases when outcome representations are primed outside of awareness, prior to executing the action and observing the resulting outcome. Based on the notion that behavior can be represented at different levels, we propose that priming outcome representations is more likely to augment self-agency experiences when the primed representation (...)
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  10. Daniel Wegner, Dijksterhuis, A., Preston, J. & H. Aarts, Effects of Subliminal Priming of Self and God on Self-Attribution of Authorship for Events.
    Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 2-9.
     
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  11.  61
    Ap Dijksterhuis, Henk Aarts & Pamela K. Smith (2005). The Power of the Subliminal: On Subliminal Persuasion and Other Potential Applications. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford University Press 77-106.
  12.  13
    Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts (2011). Learning of Predictive Relations Between Events Depends on Attention, Not on Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):368-378.
    It is generally assumed that storing predictive relations between two events in memory as bi-directional associations does not require conscious awareness of this relation, whereas the formation of unidirectional associations that capture the direction of the relation does. This study reports a set of experiments demonstrating that unidirectional associations can be formed even when awareness of the relation is actively prevented, if attention is “tuned” to process predictive relations. When participants engaged in predicting targets based on cues in an unrelated (...)
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  13.  17
    Hein Te Velde, Noelle Aarts & Cees Van Woerkum (2002). Dealing with Ambivalence: Farmers' and Consumers' Perceptions of Animal Welfare in Livestock Breeding. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):203-219.
    The results of an empirical study intoperceptions of the treatment of farm animals inthe Netherlands are presented. A qualitativeapproach, based on in-depth interviews withmeat livestock farmers and consumers was chosenin order to assess motivations behindperceptions and to gain insight into the waypeople deal with possible discrepancies betweentheir perceptions and their daily practices.Perceptions are analyzed with the help of aframe of reference, which consists ofvalues, norms, convictions, interests, andknowledge.The perceptions of the interviewed farmersare quite consistent and without exceptionpositive: according to them, (...)
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  14.  9
    Claire M. Zedelius, Harm Veling & Henk Aarts (2011). Boosting or Choking – How Conscious and Unconscious Reward Processing Modulate the Active Maintenance of Goal-Relevant Information. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):355-362.
    Two experiments examined similarities and differences in the effects of consciously and unconsciously perceived rewards on the active maintenance of goal-relevant information. Participants could gain high and low monetary rewards for performance on a word span task. The reward value was presented supraliminally or subliminally at different stages during the task. In Experiment 1, rewards were presented before participants processed the target words. Enhanced performance was found in response to higher rewards, regardless whether they were presented supraliminally or subliminally. In (...)
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  15.  39
    Alexander A. Aarts, Cilia L. M. Witteman, Pierre M. Souren & Jos I. M. Egger (2012). Associations Between Psychologists' Thinking Styles and Accuracy on a Diagnostic Classification Task. Synthese 189 (S1):119-130.
    The present study investigated whether individual differences between psychologists in thinking styles are associated with accuracy in diagnostic classification. We asked novice and experienced clinicians to classify two clinical cases of clients with two co-occurring psychological disorders. No significant difference in diagnostic accuracy was found between the two groups, but when combining the data from novices and experienced psychologists accuracy was found to be negatively associated with certain decision making strategies and with a higher self-assessed ability and preference for a (...)
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  16. Jan M. G. Aarts (1979). Metaphor and Non-Metaphor: The Semantics of Adjective Noun Combinations. Niemeyer.
     
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  17.  10
    Hanneke J. Nijland, Noelle M. C. Aarts & Reint Jan Renes (2013). Frames and Ambivalence in Context: An Analysis of Hands-On Experts' Perception of the Welfare of Animals in Traveling Circuses in The Netherlands. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):523-535.
    The results of an empirical study into the perceptions of “hands-on” experts concerning the welfare of (non-human) animals in traveling circuses in the Netherlands are presented. A qualitative approach, based on in-depth conversations with trainers/performers, former trainers/performers, veterinarians, and an owner of an animal shelter, conveyed several patterns in the contextual construction of perceptions and the use of dissonance reduction strategies. Perceptions were analyzed with the help of the Symbolic Convergence Theory and the model of the frame of reference, consisting (...)
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  18. Ap Dijksterhuis & Henk Aarts (2012). Control, Consciousness, and Agency. In Henk Aarts & Andrew J. Elliot (eds.), Goal-Directed Behavior. Psychology Press
  19.  8
    Maurits Kaptein, Panos Markopoulos, Boris Ruyter & Emile Aarts (2011). Two Acts of Social Intelligence: The Effects of Mimicry and Social Praise on the Evaluation of an Artificial Agent. [REVIEW] AI and Society 26 (3):261-273.
    This paper describes a study of the effects of two acts of social intelligence, namely mimicry and social praise, when used by an artificial social agent. An experiment ( N = 50) is described which shows that social praise—positive feedback about the ongoing conversation—increases the perceived friendliness of a chat-robot. Mimicry—displaying matching behavior—enhances the perceived intelligence of the robot. We advice designers to incorporate both mimicry and social praise when their system needs to function as a social actor. Different ways (...)
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  20.  2
    Carlson Erik (2003). Dynamic Inconsistency and Performable Plans. Philosophical Studies 113 (2).
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  21.  20
    Henk Aarts & Andrew J. Elliot (eds.) (2012). Goal-Directed Behavior. Psychology Press.
    This volume presents chapters from internationally renowned scholars in the area of goals and social behavior.
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  22.  6
    Giuseppina Ronzitti (2010). A Note on an Unpublished Manuscript by Erik Stenius. Theoria 76 (1):91-96.
    Material kept in the National Library of Finland shows that from 1963 until 1969 Erik Stenius (1911–1990) worked on a book on antinomies , having been invited by the Dutch logician Evert Beth (1908–1964) to contribute a monograph to the North-Holland series Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics . The book was never published, but the manuscript has been found, and it is the purpose of this note to report on this finding.
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  23.  8
    Jussi Suikkanen (2015). Review: Erik Wielenberg, Robust Ethics: The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Godless Normative Realism. [REVIEW] Ethics 126 (2):541-545.
    This article is a short book review of Erik Wielenberg's book Robust Ethics: The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Godless Normative Realism.
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  24.  11
    Thomas Pölzler (forthcoming). Review of Erik J. Wielenberg’s “Robust Ethics: The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Godless Normative Realism”. [REVIEW] Ethical Perspectives.
    Erik Wielenberg’s new book Robust Ethics: The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Godless Normative Realism aims at defending a non-theistic of ‘robust normative realism’: the metaethical view that normative properties exist, and have four features: (1) objectivity, (2) non-naturalness, (3) irreducibility, and (4) causal inertness. In my review I criticize that Wielenberg does not address semantic issues which are crucial both to defending robust normative realism, and to assessing the empirical claims he makes. Moreover, and relatedly, I suggest that Wielenberg’s (...)
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  25.  4
    Erik J. Wielenberg (2010). Sceptical Theism and Divine Lies: ERIK J. WIELENBERG. Religious Studies 46 (4):509-523.
    In this paper I develop a novel challenge for sceptical theists. I present a line of reasoning that appeals to sceptical theism to support scepticism about divine assertions. I claim that this reasoning is at least as plausible as one popular sceptical theistic strategy for responding to evidential arguments from evil. Thus, I seek to impale sceptical theists on the horns of a dilemma: concede that either sceptical theism implies scepticism about divine assertions, or the sceptical theistic strategy for responding (...)
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  26.  20
    Mostyn W. Jones (forthcoming). Review of Erik Banks: Realistic Empiricism (2014). [REVIEW] Journal of Consciousness Studies.
    Erik Banks does several things in this slender yet substantial book on realistic empiricism (aka neutral monism). First, he encapsulates the main ideas of this tradition. While he goes into greater depth on some of these ideas than other introductions do, these pages are still accessible to nonspecialists. Second, he traces the the history of this tradition through the Austrian scientist, Ernst Mach, the American psychologist, William James, the British philosopher, Bertrand Russell, and others. These four chapters are a (...)
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  27.  6
    Baruch Eitam (2011). The Mechanics of Implicit Learning of Contingencies: A Commentary on Custers & Aarts' Paper. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):379-381.
    In their paper: “Learning of Predictive Relations Between Events Depends on Attention, Not on Awareness” Custers & Aarts demonstrate that when one is first exposed to a clear predictive relationship – a consequent predictive relationship will be represented as a unidirectional association in the percievers’ minds regardless of their awareness of that relationship. Furthermore, a conscious intention to learn the relationship leads to the formation of a bidirectional association. While these findings may prove to be a significant step in (...)
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  28.  16
    Erik C. W. Krabbe (2001). Dialogue Foundations: Dialogue Logic Revisited: Erik C. W. Krabbe. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):33–49.
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  29.  18
    Nicholas Wolterstorff (2013). Reply to Kevin Carnahan and Erik A. Anderson. Philosophia 41 (2):429-435.
    In my response to Kevin Carnahan, I explain the concept of religion that I have been working with in my writings on the place of religious reasons in public political discourse. While acknowledging that religion is often privatized, my concern has been with religion as a way of life. It is religion so understood that raises the most serious issues concerning the role of religion in public discourse. In my response to Erik A. Anderson, I go beyond what I (...)
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  30. William Dembski, If Only Darwinists Scrutinized Their Own Work as Closely: A Response to "Erik".
    An Internet persona known as "Erik" reviewed those aspects of my book No Free Lunch dealing with the Law of Conservation of Information and specificational resources. Erik's review is titled "On Dembski's Law of Conservation of Information" and is available at http://www.talkreason.org/articles/dembski_LCI.pdf. I respond to the review here.
     
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  31. Erik Stenius & Ingmar Pörn (eds.) (1981). Essays in Philosophical Analysis: Dedicated to Erik Stenius on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday. Societas Philosophica Fennica.
     
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  32.  8
    Walter E. Conn (1977). Erik Erikson: The Ethical Orientation, Conscience and the Golden Rule. Journal of Religious Ethics 5 (2):249 - 266.
    Erik Erikson's work in psychosocial developmental theory has made valuable contributions to the field of religious ethics on some very basic issues. This paper makes scattered elements of Erikson's explicit ethical perspective available in concise fashion for critical ethical reflection. It does this in such a way as to highlight the centrally important fact for religious ethics that implicitly operative in Erikson's view is a criterion of "self-transcendence" as definitive of mature personal (fully human, ethical) development.
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  33.  1
    Paul Dekker (forthcoming). Meaningful Civicness for the Many: A Comment on Erik Claes. Foundations of Science:1-4.
    This comment on Erik Claes values his treatment of in-depth interviews to gain a better understanding of how volunteers make sense of their activities, but it questions the representativeness, meaningfulness and civicness of what is found. Meaning as deep personal commitment to an objective value is probably quite exceptional. The values and goals of Claes’s volunteers are deeply human and wide-ranging, but too ignorant of disagreement, power and politics to be called civic.
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  34.  3
    Serge-Christophe Kolm (2009). A Response to Erik Schokkaert on Macrojustice. Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):85-98.
    Erik Schokkaert's note presents a very good summary of the theory of macrojustice and a very good list of the directions of research it points to. This is quite fitting since a research programme defines a paradigm, and he sees this proposal as a paradigm shift. This is also very appropriate since his own qualifications are the best for advancing fast in these research topics. I have only a very small number of qualifications to add to his presentation, but (...)
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  35. Erik Malmqvist (2012). A Letter To The Editor From Erik Malmqvist In Response To The Recent Letter From Howard Brody, David Buchanan, And Franklin G. Miller Concerning His Article Understanding Exploitation,” Mar-Apr 2011). IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (2):19.
     
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  36. Erik Kennet Niels Stensen Palsson (1988). Scientist and Saint/by Erik Kennet Palsson; Translated by MNL Couve de Murville.—Dublin. Veritas: Revista de Filosofia da PUCRS 21.
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  37. Stephen Schlein (2016). The Clinical Erik Erikson: A Psychoanalytic Method of Engagement and Activation. Routledge.
    The twentieth century has been described as the time of man’s discovery of himself; few have contributed more to this cause than Erik Erikson. _The Clinical Erik Erikson: A psychoanalytic method of engagement and activation_ highlights Erikson’s transforming contributions to the field of psychoanalysis and honors his legacy by providing unpublished clinical case illustrations of his actual psychotherapeutic work. The publication of case material—simple memorable fragments and clinical vignettes— brings the reader into Erikson’s consultation room, providing a portrait (...)
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  38. Erik Stenius (1984). Bibliography of the Philosophical Writings of Erik Stenius 1935-1984. Theoria 50 (2/3):310.
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  39. Anfinn Stigen & Carl Erik Grenness (1973). Generasjoner I Norsk Filosofi. En Antologi. Red. Av Anfinn Stigen. Bidrag Av Carl Erik Grenness [M. Fl.]. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  40.  46
    Lawrence A. Shapiro (2014). Radicalizing Enactivism: Basic Minds Without Content, by Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin. Mind 123 (489):213-220.
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  41.  99
    Grant Hannan (1982). Peter Fuller and the Biological of Art (Or: Erik Von Daaniken Would Understand). Thesis Eleven 5 (1):255-258.
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  42.  6
    David Konstan (2015). Epikur. Brief an Menoikeus: Edition, Übersetzung, Einleitung und Kommentar by Jan Erik Heßler. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 108 (4):574-576.
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  43.  2
    Brian D. Earp & Michael Hauskeller (2016). Binocularity in Bioethics—and Beyond: A Review of Erik Parens, Shaping Our Selves: On Technology, Flourishing, and a Habit of Thinking. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):3-6.
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  44.  2
    Jussi Suikkanen (2016). Wielenberg, Erik.Robust Ethics: The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Godless Normative Realism.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Pp. 224. $65.00. [REVIEW] Ethics 126 (2):541-545.
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  45.  14
    Basil Studer (1994). Erik Peterson. Augustinianum 34 (1):247-248.
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  46.  36
    Jon Pérez Laraudogoitia (2010). Erik-Jon Gaizka, the Magician of Infinity. Analysis 70 (3):451 - 456.
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  47. David F. Ruccio (2011). Envisioning Real Utopias, Erik Olin Wright, London: Verso, 2010. Historical Materialism 19 (4):219-227.
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  48.  1
    Iva Apostolova (2015). The Realistic Empiricism of Mach, James, and Russell: Neutral Monism Reconceived by Erik C. Banks. Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (4):791-792.
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  49.  1
    Review by: Jussi Suikkanen (2015). Review: Erik Wielenberg, Robust Ethics: The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Godless Normative Realism. [REVIEW] Ethics 126 (2):541-545.
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  50.  58
    P. Alderson (2000). Enhancing Human Traits: Ethical and Social Implications: Edited by Erik Parens, Washington DC, Georgetown University Press, 1998, 268 Pages, Pound38.95 (Hb), US$49.95. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):413-414.
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