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  1. added 2019-01-17
    Freedom Immediately After Kant.Owen Ware - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    Kant’s effort to defend the co-existence of transcendental freedom and natural necessity is one of the crowning achievements of the first Critique. Yet by identifying the will with practical reason in his moral philosophy, he lent support to the view that the moral law is the causal law of a free will – the result of which, as Reinhold argued, left immoral action impossible. However, Reinhold’s attempt to separate the will from practical reason generated difficulties of its own, which Maimon (...)
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  2. added 2018-09-06
    A Commentary of Kant's Critique of Practical Reason.Lewis White Beck - 1960 - University of Chicago Press.
  3. added 2018-09-05
    Gallows Pole: Is Kant's Fact of Reason a Transcendental Argument?Michael Kryluk - 2017 - Review of Metaphysics 70 (4):695-725.
    This essay examines one of the most obscure and controversial tenets of Kant’s critical philosophy, his claim in the Critique of Practical Reason that the moral law is immediately and unquestionably valid as an a priori fact of reason (Factum der Vernunft). This argument curiously inverts Kant’s earlier stance in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, in which he justifies the reality of the categorical imperative through a much more cautious and qualified authentication of transcendental freedom. Against constructivist readings (...)
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  4. added 2018-07-07
    Spontaneity and Contingency: Kant’s Two Models of Rational Self-Determination.Markus Kohl - forthcoming - In Manja Kisner & Joerg Noller (eds.), The Concept of Will in Classical German Philosophy. Berlin, Germany:
    I argue that Kant acknowledges two models of spontaneous self-determination that rational beings are capable of. The first model involves absolute unconditional necessity and excludes any form of contingency. The second model involves (albeit not as a matter of definition) a form of contingency which entails alternative possibilities for determining oneself. The first model would be exhibited by a divine being; the second model is exhibited by human beings. Human beings do, however, partake in the divine model up to an (...)
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  5. added 2018-07-02
    Christoph Andreas Leonhard Creuzer la Discussione Della Dottrina Morale di Kant Alla Fine Del Settecento.Daniela Tafani - 1999
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  6. added 2018-06-29
    Kant and Degrees of Responsibility.Saunders Joe - forthcoming - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    Kant views every human action as either entirely determined by natural necessity or entirely free. In viewing human action this way, it is unclear how he can account for degrees of responsibility. In this article, I consider three recent attempts to accommodate degrees of responsibility within Kant's framework, but argue that none of them are satisfying. In the end, I claim that transcendental idealism constrains Kant such that he cannot provide an adequate account of degrees of responsibility.
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  7. added 2018-06-08
    Critical Notice of Arthur Ripstein's Force and Freedom.Kyla Ebels-Duggan - 2011 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (4):549-573.
    Ripstein’s Kantian argument for the authority of the state purports to demonstrate that state authority is a necessary condition of each individual’s freedom. Ripstein regards an individual as free just in case her entitlement to control what is hers is not violated. After questioning whether his approach adequately distinguishes standards of legitimacy from standards of ideal justice, I argue for the superiority of an alternative conception of freedom. On the view that I defend a person is free just in case (...)
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  8. added 2018-06-05
    Book ReviewsPatrick R. Frierson, Freedom and Anthropology in Kant’s Moral Philosophy.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Pp. 211. $76.00. [REVIEW]Ariela Tubert - 2009 - Ethics 119 (4):768-773.
  9. added 2018-06-01
    Kants Begründung von Freiheit Und Moral. Neue Interpretationen. Ed. By Dieter Schönecker [Book Review].Markus Kohl - 2018 - In Sally Sedgwick & Dina Emundts (eds.), Begehren / Desire (Internationales Jahrbuch des deutschen Idealismus). De Gruyter. pp. 259-263.
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  10. added 2018-04-19
    Thomas Khurana, Das Leben der Freiheit. Form und Wirklichkeit der Autonomie. [REVIEW]Eleonora Cugini - 2018 - Universa. Recensioni di Filosofia 7 (1):81-87.
  11. added 2018-03-22
    The Case for Absolute Spontaneity in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.Addison Ellis - 2017 - Con-Textos Kantianos (6):138-164.
    Kant describes the understanding as a faculty of spontaneity. What this means is that our capacity to judge what is true is responsible for its own exercises, which is to say that we issue our judgments for ourselves. To issue our judgments for ourselves is to be self-conscious – i.e., conscious of the grounds upon which we judge. To grasp the spontaneity of the understanding, then, we must grasp the self-consciousness of the understanding. I argue that what Kant requires for (...)
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  12. added 2018-03-17
    Thomas Khurana: Das Leben der Freiheit. [REVIEW]David Jöckel - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Literatur 6 (1):29-34.
    https://philpapers.org/asearch.pl?start=0&format=html&newWindow=on&freeOnly=&ap_c2=&publishedOnly=&o nlineOnly=off&ap_c1=&search_header=search_header.html&noFilter=1&limit=&direction=citations&hideAbst racts=&showCategories=on&sqc=&eId=KHUDLD&sort=firstAuthor&proOnly=off&langFilter=&filterByAreas=&cat egorizerOn=&jlist=&ap_c1=&ap_c2=.
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  13. added 2018-02-18
    Kant and the Experience of Freedom: Essays on Aesthetics and Morality.Paul Guyer - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of essays by one of the preeminent Kant scholars of our time transforms our understanding of both Kant's aesthetics and his ethics. Guyer shows that at the very core of Kant's aesthetic theory, disinterestedness of taste becomes an experience of freedom and thus an essential accompaniment to morality itself. At the same time he reveals how Kant's moral theory includes a distinctive place for the cultivation of both general moral sentiments and particular attachments on the basis of the (...)
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  14. added 2018-02-17
    The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom by Katerini Deligiorgi (Review).Matthew McAndrew - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (4):682-683.
  15. added 2018-02-17
    Review: Guyer, Kant on Freedom, Law, and Happiness; A Mandatory Reading of Kant's Ethics? [REVIEW]Robert B. Pippin - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (204):386 - 393.
    Kant on Freedom, Law, and Happiness. BY PAUL GUYER. (Cambridge UP, 2000. Pp. xii + 440. Price £12.95 or $19.95.) At the beginning of his Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant claims that an ordinary view of morality would have it that moral experience is essentially the experience of obligation. There are clearly occasions, he notes, when our own and others’ interests would be greatly damaged were we to do what is morally required, and when no gain in satisfaction, (...)
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  16. added 2018-01-19
    An Essay on Kant’s Theory of Freedom From the Early Works of Tanabe Hajime.Tanabe Hajime & Cody Staton - 2013 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 5 (2):150-156.
    This paper presents the first English translation of one of Tanabe’s early essays on Kant. Tanabe marks the occasion of the first translation of the Critique of Practical Reason into Japanese by providing his reflections on Kant’s theory of freedom in this essay. This creative essay by Tanabe represents the hallmark Kyoto School interpretation of Kant. Tanabe weaves his account of Kant with elements from other philosophers in an attempt to think systematically about the nature of freedom. He agrees with (...)
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  17. added 2017-12-24
    Imperatives and the Causality of Freedom in Kant's Antinomy of Pure Reason.David Forman - 2018 - In Violetta Waibel & Margit Ruffing (eds.), Natur und Freiheit. Akten des XII. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Berlin, Boston: de Gruyter. pp. 1031-1038.
  18. added 2017-12-01
    Acerca da solução crítica do problema da possibilidade da ideia transcendental de liberdade em Kan: Série 2 / On Kant’s critical solution for the possibility problem of the transcendental idea of freedom.Alexandre Hahn - 2010 - Kant E-Prints 5:93-108.
    The present paper aims to discuss Kant’s critical solution for the possibility problem of the transcendental idea of freedom. The problem consists in the supposed incompatibility between that idea and the natural causality. Despite the impossibility of a dogmatic solution for the conflict, the philosopher proposes a critical solution. This critical solution frequently is interpreted as a attempt to make freedom compatible with natural causation. There are, however, some divergences about the form and the implications of that compatibility. I intend (...)
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  19. added 2017-10-27
    How Compatibilists Can Account for the Moral Motive: Autonomy and Metaphysical Internalism.Kelly Coble - 2007 - Kant-Studien 98 (3):329-350.
    I. Introduction In Groundwork III and in the Critique of Practical Reason Kant famously asserted that “Freiheit und unbedingtes praktisches Gesetz weisen […] wechselsweise auf einander zurück.” Kant's thesis of the analyticity of freedom and practical reason was rejected by his prominent early readers. In the eighth of his influential Letters on Kant's Philosophy of 1786–1787, Karl Leonhard Reinhold argued that the identification of the will with practical reason excluded the possibility of ascribing freedom to immoral and amoral actions. Reinhold (...)
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  20. added 2017-08-31
    A Gradual Reformation: Empirical Character and Causal Powers in Kant.Jonas Jervell Indregard - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (5):662-683.
    According to Kant each person has an empirical character, which is ultimately grounded in one’s free choice. The popular Causal Laws interpretation of empirical character holds that it consists of the causal laws governing our psychology. I argue that this reading has difficulties explaining moral change, the ‘gradual reformation’ of our empirical character: Causal laws cannot change and hence cannot be gradually reformed. I propose an alternative Causal Powers interpretation of empirical character, where our empirical character consists of our mind’s (...)
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  21. added 2017-07-24
    The Emergence of Autonomy in Kant's Moral Philosophy.Stefano Bacin & Oliver Sensen (eds.) - 2018 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Autonomy is one of the central concepts of contemporary moral thought, and Kant is often credited with being the inventor of individual moral autonomy. But how and why did Kant develop this notion? The Emergence of Autonomy in Kant's Moral Philosophy is the first essay collection exclusively devoted to this topic. It traces the emergence of autonomy from Kant's earliest writings to the changes that he made to the concept in his mature works. The essays offer a close historical and (...)
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  22. added 2017-07-14
    On Christopher Insole's "Kant and the Creation of Freedom".Wolfgang Ertl - 2017 - Critique.
    Insole claims that the Critical Kant is by and large a mere conservationist, transcendental-idealistically modified through the distinction between things in themselves and appearances. ‘Mere conservationism’ is a position within the debate about the interplay of God as the first cause and the created entities as secondary causes and belongs to the doctrine of divine concursus. For Insole, it is by virtue of this mere conservationism with regard to things in themselves as opposed to appearances, that transcendental freedom of man, (...)
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  23. added 2017-07-01
    Das Leben der Freiheit. Form und Wirklichkeit der Autonomie.Thomas Khurana - 2017 - Berlin: Suhrkamp.
  24. added 2017-06-21
    The Concept of Persons in Kant and Fichte.Owen Ware - forthcoming - In Antonia LoLordo (ed.), Persons: A History. Oxford University Press.
    It is well known that Kant seeks to discredit rational psychology on the grounds that we cannot access the nature of the soul by reflecting upon the ‘I think’ of self-consciousness. What is far less understood, however, is why Kant still believes the theorems of rational psychology are analytically true insofar as they represent the ‘I’ through the categories of substance, reality, unity, and existence. Early post-Kantian thinkers like Fichte would abandon this restriction and approach the concept of the ‘I’ (...)
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  25. added 2017-06-18
    Kant's Mature Theory of Punishment, and a First Critique Ideal Abolitionist Alternative.Benjamin Vilhauer - forthcoming - In Matthew Altman (ed.), Palgrave Kant Handbook.
    This chapter has two goals. First, I will present an interpretation of Kant’s mature account of punishment, which includes a strong commitment to retributivism. Second, I will sketch a non-retributive, “ideal abolitionist” alternative, which appeals to a version of original position deliberation in which we choose the principles of punishment on the assumption that we are as likely to end up among the punished as we are to end up among those protected by the institution of punishment. This is radical (...)
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  26. added 2017-06-18
    An Asymmetrical Approach to Kant's Theory of Freedom.Benjamin Vilhauer - forthcoming - In Dai Heide and Evan Tiffany (ed.), The Idea of Freedom: New Essays on the Interpretation and Significance of Kant's Theory of Freedom.
    Asymmetry theories about free will and moral responsibility are a recent development in the long history of the free will debate. To my knowledge, Kant commentators have not yet explored the possibility of an asymmetrical reconstruction of Kant's theory of freedom, and that will be my goal here. By "free will", I mean the sort of control we would need to be morally responsible for our actions. Kant's term for it is "transcendental freedom", and he refers to the attribution of (...)
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  27. added 2017-05-29
    Book Review: Difficult Freedom and Radical Evil in Kant, Written by Joël Madore. [REVIEW]Matthew Caswell - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (4):547-550.
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  28. added 2017-05-29
    The Morality of Freedom.John Martin Fischer & Joseph Raz - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (2):254.
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  29. added 2017-05-29
    The Idea of Freedom: A Dialectical Examination of the Conceptions of Freedom.C. A. Campbell & Mortimer J. Adler - 1961 - Philosophical Quarterly 11 (42):95.
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  30. added 2017-05-20
    Kants Subjektivistische Begründung von Moral Und Freiheit Im Naturrecht Feyerabend.Markus Kohl - forthcoming - In Knud Haakonssen, Frank Grunert & Diethelm Klippel (eds.), Natural Law 1625-1850. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.
    “Naturrecht Feyerabend” is a collection of student notes taken on a lecture that Kant gave around the time he was working on the Groundwork. I show that these notes portray Kant as proposing a defense of morality and freedom whose “subjectivism” is unparalleled by anything that we find in his major published works. Kant here traces both the normativity of the moral principle that we must treat humanity as an end in itself and the legitimacy of regarding ourselves as free (...)
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  31. added 2017-05-16
    Review: Sittliches Bewusstsein Und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants 'Grundlegung'. [REVIEW]Owen Ware - 2017 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (2):355-356.
    Heiko Puls's commentary is a welcome, and timely, addition to a growing wave of interest in the third section of Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals.
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  32. added 2017-05-15
    Which Metaphysics?: Notes on the Modest and Reflexive Character of Karl Ameriks’ Metaphysics.Thomas Khurana - 2015 - In Andreas Speer, Wolfram Hogrebe & Markus Gabriel (eds.), Das Neue Bedürfnis Nach Metaphysik / the New Desire for Metaphysics. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 87-92.
  33. added 2017-05-15
    Paradoxes of Autonomy: On the Dialectics of Freedom and Normativity.Thomas Khurana - 2013 - Symposium 17 (1):50-74.
    This paper revisits the concept of autonomy and tries to elucidate the fundamental insight that freedom and law cannot be understood through their opposition, but rather have to be conceived of as conditions of one another. The paper investigates the paradigmatic Kantian formulation of this insight and discusses the diagnosis that the Kantian idea might give rise to a paradox in which autonomy reverts to arbitrariness or heteronomy. The paper argues that the fatal version of the paradox can be defused (...)
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  34. added 2017-05-15
    Life and Autonomy: Forms of Self-Determination in Kant and Hegel.Thomas Khurana - 2013 - In The Freedom of Life: Hegelian Perspectives. Berlin, Germany: August Verlag. pp. 155–193.
  35. added 2017-01-08
    Die Kritik der Reinen Vernunft Hat Die Wirklichkeit der Freiheit Nicht Bewiesen, Ja Nicht Einmal Deren Möglichkeit.Bernd Ludwig - 2015 - Kant-Studien 106 (3):398-417.
    A famous passage in the first Critique (A 557 f.) often gives rise to the belief that Kant had not yet delivered a full treatment of freedom in 1781 and intended to shift this treatment to future writings. However, a closer inspection of the passage reveals that, to the contrary, Kant claims that due to the limitations of human reason his critical account of freedom given thus far must be considered complete. And indeed, this account reappears unchanged in the Groundwork. (...)
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  36. added 2016-12-12
    Kant and Modern Political Philosophy.Katrin Flikschuh - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book Katrin Flikschuh examines the relevance of Kant's political thought to major issues and problems in contemporary political philosophy. She advances and defends two principal claims: that Kant's philosophy of Right endorses the role of metaphysics in political thinking, in contrast to its generally hostile reception in the field today, and that his account of political obligation is cosmopolitan in its inception, assigning priority to the global rather than the domestic context. She shows how Kant's metaphysics of freedom (...)
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  37. added 2016-12-12
    Freedom and Anthropology in Kant's Moral Philosophy.Patrick R. Frierson - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers a comprehensive account of Kant's theory of freedom and his moral anthropology. The point of departure is the apparent conflict between three claims to which Kant is committed: that human beings are transcendentally free, that moral anthropology studies the empirical influences on human beings, and that more anthropology is morally relevant. Frierson shows why this conflict is only apparent. He draws on Kant's transcendental idealism and his theory of the will and describes how empirical influences can affect (...)
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  38. added 2016-12-12
    Kant and the Fate of Autonomy: Problems in the Appropriation of the Critical Philosophy.Karl Ameriks - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    It has been argued that Kant's all-consuming efforts to place autonomy at the center of philosophy have had, in the long-run, the unintended effect of leading to the widespread discrediting of philosophy and of undermining the notion of autonomy itself. The result of this 'Copernican revolution' has seemed to many commentators the de-centring, if not the self-destruction, of the autonomous self. In this major reinterpretation of Kant and the post-Kantian response to his critical philosophy, Karl Ameriks argues that such a (...)
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  39. added 2016-12-12
    Kant on Freedom, Law, and Happiness.Paul Guyer - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant is often portrayed as the author of a rigid system of ethics in which adherence to a formal and universal principle of morality - the famous categorical imperative - is an end itself, and any concern for human goals and happiness a strictly secondary and subordinate matter. Such a theory seems to suit perfectly rational beings but not human beings. The twelve essays in this collection by one of the world's preeminent Kant scholars argue for a radically different account (...)
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  40. added 2016-12-12
    Idealism and Freedom: Essays on Kant's Theoretical and Practical Philosophy.Henry E. Allison - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Henry Allison is one of the foremost interpreters of the philosophy of Kant. This new volume collects all his recent essays on Kant's theoretical and practical philosophy. All the essays postdate Allison's two major books on Kant, and together they constitute an attempt to respond to critics and to clarify, develop and apply some of the central theses of those books. Two are published here for the first time. Special features of the collection are: a detailed defence of the author's (...)
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  41. added 2016-12-12
    Kant's Theory of Freedom.Henry E. Allison - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    In his new book the eminent Kant scholar Henry Allison provides an innovative and comprehensive interpretation of Kant's concept of freedom. The author analyzes the concept and discusses the role it plays in Kant's moral philosophy and psychology. He also considers in full detail the critical literature on the subject from Kant's own time to the present day. In the first part Professor Allison argues that at the centre of the Critique of Pure Reason there is the foundation for a (...)
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  42. added 2016-12-08
    Noumenal Affection.Desmond Hogan - 2009 - Philosophical Review 118 (4):501-532.
    A central doctrine of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason holds that the content of human experience is rooted in an affection of sensibility by unknowable things in themselves. This famous and puzzling affection doctrine raises two seemingly intractable old problems, which can be termed the Indispensability and the Consistency Problems. By what right does Kant present affection by supersensible entities as an indispensable requirement of experience? And how could any argument for such indispensability avoid violating the Critique's doctrine of noumenal (...)
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  43. added 2016-12-08
    Kantian Personal Autonomy.Robert S. Taylor - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (5):602-628.
    Jeremy Waldron has recently raised the question of whether there is anything approximating the creative self-authorship of personal autonomy in the writings of Immanuel Kant. After considering the possibility that Kantian prudential reasoning might serve as a conception of personal autonomy, I argue that the elements of a more suitable conception can be found in Kant’s Tugendlehre, or “Doctrine of Virtue”—specifically, in the imperfect duties of self-perfection and the practical love of others. This discovery is important for at least three (...)
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  44. added 2016-12-08
    Autonomy and Republicanism.Heiner Bielefeldt - 1997 - Political Theory 25 (4):524-558.
  45. added 2016-12-08
    Idealism and Agency in Kant and Hegel.Robert B. Pippin - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (10):532-541.
  46. added 2016-12-05
    Kant on Moral Autonomy.Oliver Sensen (ed.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    The concept of autonomy is one of Kant's central legacies for contemporary moral thought. We often invoke autonomy as both a moral ideal and a human right, especially a right to determine oneself independently of foreign determinants; indeed, to violate a person's autonomy is considered to be a serious moral offence. Yet while contemporary philosophy claims Kant as the originator of its notion of autonomy, Kant's own conception of the term seems to differ in important respects from our present-day interpretation. (...)
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  47. added 2016-10-03
    Freedom, Spontaneity and the Noumenal Perspective.Chong-Fuk Lau - 2008 - Kant-Studien 99 (3):312-338.
    For Kant, both morality and the possibility of objective knowledge presuppose freedom. His theory of freedom is based on the distinction between phenomena and noumena, concepts which represent two different ways of viewing things. The question, however, is whether it is justified to take the noumenal perspective in addition to the phenomenal one. Isn’t freedom an illusion, if we regard ourselves as free, while in fact we are not? The crux of the problem lies in recognizing that there is no (...)
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  48. added 2016-09-16
    Kant and the Problem of Recognition: Freedom, Transcendental Idealism, and the Third-Person.Joe Saunders - 2016 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 24 (2):164-182.
    Kant wants to show that freedom is possible in the face of natural necessity. Transcendental idealism is his solution, which locates freedom outside of nature. I accept that this makes freedom possible, but object that it precludes the recognition of other rational agents. In making this case, I trace some of the history of Kant’s thoughts on freedom. In several of his earlier works, he argues that we are aware of our own activity. He later abandons this approach, as he (...)
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  49. added 2016-09-05
    Kant’s Deductions of Morality and Freedom.Owen Ware - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 47 (1):116-147.
    It is commonly held that Kant ventured to derive morality from freedom in Groundwork III. It is also believed that he reversed this strategy in the second Critique, attempting to derive freedom from morality instead. In this paper, I set out to challenge these familiar assumptions: Kant’s argument in Groundwork III rests on a moral conception of the intelligible world, one that plays a similar role as the ‘fact of reason’ in the second Critique. Accordingly, I argue, there is no (...)
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  50. added 2016-08-31
    Kant's Demonstration of Free Will, Or, How to Do Things with Concepts.Benjamin S. Yost - 2016 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 2 (2):291-309.
    Kant famously insists that free will is a condition of morality. The difficulty of providing a demonstration of freedom has left him vulnerable to devastating criticism: critics charge that Kant's post-Groundwork justification of morality amounts to a dogmatic assertion of morality's authority. My paper rebuts this objection, showing that Kant offers a cogent demonstration of freedom. My central claim is that the demonstration must be understood in practical rather than theoretical terms. A practical demonstration of x works by bringing x (...)
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1 — 50 / 366