Results for 'Habit'

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  1. Análisis de la dieta de Percilia gillissi (Pisces: Perciliidae) en poblaciones de río y canales de riego (cuenca del Itata, VIII Región).E. Habit - 1998 - Theoria 7:33-46.
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  2.  4
    Master Maker: Understanding Gaming Skill Through Practice and Habit From Gameplay Behavior.Huang Jeff, Yan Eddie, Cheung Gifford, Nagappan Nachiappan & Zimmermann Thomas - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (2):437-466.
    The study of expertise is difficult to do in a laboratory environment due to the challenge of finding people at different skill levels and the lack of time for participants to acquire mastery. In this paper, we report on two studies that analyze naturalistic gameplay data using cohort analysis to better understand how skill relates to practice and habit. Two cohorts are analyzed, each from two different games. Our work follows skill progression through 7 months of Halo matches for (...)
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  3.  94
    Second Nature and Spirit: Hegel on the Role of Habit in the Appearance of Perceptual Consciousness.David Forman - 2010 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 48 (4):325-352.
    Hegel's discussion of the concept of “habit” appears at a crucial point in his Encyclopedia system, namely, in the transition from the topic of “nature” to the topic of “spirit” (Geist): it is through habit that the subject both distinguishes itself from its various sensory states as an absolute unity (the I) and, at the same time, preserves those sensory states as the content of sensory consciousness. By calling habit a “second nature,” Hegel highlights the fact that (...)
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  4.  17
    The Significance of Habit.Steve Matthews - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3).
    _ Source: _Page Count 22 Analysis of the concept of habit has been relatively neglected in the contemporary analytic literature. This paper is an attempt to rectify this lack. The strategy begins with a description of some paradigm cases of habit which are used to derive five features as the basis for an explicative definition. It is argued that habits are social, acquired through repetition, enduring, environmentally activated, and automatic. The enduring nature of habits is captured by their (...)
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    The Significance of Habit.Matthews Steve - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (4):394-415.
    _ Source: _Page Count 22 Analysis of the concept of habit has been relatively neglected in the contemporary analytic literature. This paper is an attempt to rectify this lack. The strategy begins with a description of some paradigm cases of habit which are used to derive five features as the basis for an explicative definition. It is argued that habits are social, acquired through repetition, enduring, environmentally activated, and automatic. The enduring nature of habits is captured by their (...)
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  6. Lived Time and Absolute Knowing: Habit and Addiction From Infinite Jest to the Phenomenology of Spirit.David Morris - 2001 - Clio 30:375-415.
    A study of habit and other unconscious backgrounds of action shows how shapes of spiritual life in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit each imply correlative senses of lived time. The very form of time thus gives spirit a sensuous encounter with its own concept. The point that conceptual content is manifest in the sensuous form of time is key to an interpretation of Hegel's infamous and puzzling remarks about time and the concept in ``absolute knowing.'' The article also shows how (...)
     
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  7.  53
    Breaking the Habit.Audrey L. Anton - 2006 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 13 (2):58-66.
    Aristotle’s virtue ethics can teach us about the relationship between our habits and our actions. Throughout his works, Aristotle explains much about how one may develop a virtuous character, and little about how one might change from one character type to another. In recent years criminal law has been concerned with the issue of recidivism and how our system might reform the criminals we return to society more effectively. This paper considers how Aristotle might say a vicious person could change (...)
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  8.  28
    David Hume on custom and habit and living with skepticism.John Christian Laursen - 2011 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 52:87-99.
    This article is an exploration of David Hume's philosophy of custom and habit as a way of living with skepticism. For Hume, man is a habit-forming animal, and all politics and history take place within a history of custom and habit. This is not a bad thing: life without custom and habit would be a nightmare. Hume draws on the "new science" of thinkers such as Locke, Shaftesbury, Mandeville, Hutcheson, and Butler to foreground the importance of (...)
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  9.  14
    The Poetry of Habit: Beauvoir and Merleau-Ponty on Aging Embodiment.Helen A. Fielding - 2014 - In Silvia Stoller (ed.), Simone de Beauvoir’s Philosophy of Age: Gender, Ethics. DeGruyter Publishers69-81. pp. 69-82.
    As people age their actions often become entrenched—we might say they are not open to the new; they are less able to adapt; they are stuck in a rut. Indeed, in The Coming of Age (La Vieillesse) Simone de Beauvoir writes that to be old is to be condemned neither to freedom nor to meaning, but rather to boredom (Beauvoir 1996, 461; 486). While in many ways a very pessimistic account of ageing, the text does provide promising moments where her (...)
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  10.  2
    The Significance of Habit.Steve Matthews - forthcoming - New Content is Available for Journal of Moral Philosophy.
    _ Source: _Page Count 22 Analysis of the concept of habit has been relatively neglected in the contemporary analytic literature. This paper is an attempt to rectify this lack. The strategy begins with a description of some paradigm cases of habit which are used to derive five features as the basis for an explicative definition. It is argued that habits are social, acquired through repetition, enduring, environmentally activated, and automatic. The enduring nature of habits is captured by their (...)
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  11.  12
    A History of Habit: From Aristotle to Bourdieu.Tom Sparrow & Adam Hutchinson (eds.) - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    The essays collected here demonstrate that the philosophy of habit is not confined to the work of just a handful of thinkers, but traverses the entire history of Western philosophy and continues to thrive in contemporary theory. A History of Habit: From Aristotle to Bourdieu is the first book to document the richness and diversity of this history. It demonstrates the breadth, flexibility, and explanatory power of the concept of habit as well as its enduring significance. It (...)
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  12. Custom and Habit in Physiology and the Science of Human Nature in the British Enlightenment.John Wright - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22:183-207.
    In this paper I show how what came to be known as “the double law of habit,” first formulated by Joseph Butler in a discussion of moral psychology in 1736, was taken up and developed by medical physiologists William Porterfield, Robert Whytt, and William Cullen as they disputed fundamental questions regarding the influence of the mind on the body, the possibility of unconscious mental processes, and the nature and extent of voluntary action. The paper shows, on a particular topic, (...)
     
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  13. Batting, Habit, and Memory: The Embodied Mind and the Nature of Skill.John Sutton - 2007 - Sport in Society 10 (5):763-786.
    in Jeremy McKenna (ed), At the Boundaries of Cricket, to be published in 2007 as a special issue of the journal Sport in Society and as a book in the series Sport in the Global Society (Taylor and Francis).
     
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  14.  8
    Habit Strength as a Function of the Pattern of Reinforcement.O. H. Mowrer & H. Jones - 1945 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (4):293.
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  15.  8
    Practical Reason, Habit, and Care in Aristotle.Juan Pablo Bermúdez - 2016 - Praxis Filosófica 43:77–102.
    Interpretation of Aristotle’s theory of action in the last few decades has tended toward an intellectualist position, according to which reason is in charge of setting the goals of action. This position has recently been criticized by the revival of anti-intellectualism (particularly from J. Moss’ work), according to which character, and not reason, sets the goals of action. In this essay I argue that neither view can sufficiently account for the complexities of Aristotle’s theory, and propose an intermediate account, which (...)
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  16.  2
    Magnitude of Reward and Acquisition of a Black-White Discrimination Habit.Joel E. Greene - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (2):113.
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  17.  1
    Proactive and Retroactive Inhibition in the Retention of a T-Maze Habit in Rats.Robert G. Crowder - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (2, Pt.1):167-171.
  18.  5
    The Generalization of Extinction Effects Within a Habit Pattern.J. M. Felsinger - 1944 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (6):477.
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  19.  5
    Long-Term Reminiscence in the Pursuit-Rotor Habit.Jefferson M. Koonce, Davis J. Chambliss & Arthur L. Irion - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (5):498.
  20.  4
    Supplementary Report: The Weinstock Partial Reinforcement Effect and Habit Reversal.Leon M. Wise - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (6):647.
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  21.  4
    Supplementary Report: Alternation in a T Maze with Habit Held Constant.Merrell E. Thompson & Edward J. Martin - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (6):629.
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  22.  4
    The Conditioned Reflex as the Explanation of Habit Formation: III. The Operation of Two Higher-Order Reactions in Close Succession.J. M. Stephens - 1936 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (1):77.
  23.  4
    Reinforcement Schedules in Habit Reversal—a Confirmation.Joseph H. Grosslight, John F. Hall & Winfield Scott - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (3):173.
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  24.  4
    The Effect of Electroshock Convulsions on the Maze Habit in the White Rat.C. P. Duncan - 1945 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (4):267.
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  25.  2
    The Effect of Temperature on the Retention of a Maze Habit in Fish.J. W. French - 1942 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (1):79.
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  26.  2
    The Relation of Transfer to Similarity in Habit-Structure.E. M. Siipola - 1941 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (3):233.
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  27.  3
    Influence of Successive Habit Reversals on Human Learning and Transfer.Nancy T. Paul & Clyde E. Noble - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (1):37.
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  28.  3
    Proactive Inhibition of a Maze Position Habit.Richard J. Koppenaal & Eleanor Jagoda - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (4p1):664.
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  29.  3
    The Effects of Inactivity Produced by Sodium Amytal on the Retention of the Maze Habit in Albino Rats.R. W. Russell & W. S. Hunter - 1937 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (5):426.
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  30.  3
    Habit Strength as a Function of Drive in a Brightness Discrimination Problem.Eugene Eisman, Adele Asimow & Irving Maltzman - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (1):58.
  31.  3
    Interaction of Habit (H) and Drive (D) in Classical Eyelid Conditioning: H and D as Functions of Ucs Intensity.James J. Hug & John J. Porter - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):150.
  32.  3
    The Effect of Shock at the "Moment of Choice" on the Formation of a Visual Discrimination Habit.C. W. Fairlie - 1937 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (6):662.
  33.  3
    The Effects of Rest Periods on Interference of a Well-Established Habit.George W. Doten - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (6):401.
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  34.  2
    Differential Cue Habit Strength as a Determinant of Attention.Joseph C. Campione & Catherine Wentworth - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):527.
  35.  2
    Prediction of Response in Verbal Habit Hierarchies.Lloyd R. Peterson - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (4):249.
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  36.  2
    The Effect of Satiation on the Behavior Mediated by a Habit of Maximum Strength.S. Koch & W. J. Daniel - 1945 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (3):167.
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  37.  2
    Studies in Serial Verbal Discrimination Learning. IV. Habit Reversal After Two Degrees of Learning.D. C. McClelland - 1943 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (6):457.
  38.  2
    The Effect of Change in Drive Level on Habit Reversal.Alexander M. Buchwald & Harry G. Yamaguchi - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (4):265.
  39.  2
    The Comparative Retention Values of a Maze Habit, of Nonsense Syllables, and of Rational Learning.J. A. McGeoch - 1932 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (6):662.
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  40.  1
    The Reversal of Discrimination in a Simple Running Habit.R. N. Berry, W. S. Verplanck & C. H. Graham - 1943 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (4):325.
  41.  1
    Experimental Extinction and Drive During Extinction in a Discrimination Habit.Joseph R. Cautela - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (5):299.
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  42.  1
    Resistance to Extinction as a Function of the Discrimination Habit Established During Fixed-Ratio Reinforcement.M. Ray Denny, Ruth H. Wells & Jack L. Maatsch - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (6):451.
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  43.  1
    Habit Reversal as a Function of Schedule of Reinforcement and Drive Strength.Howard H. Kendler & Roy Lachman - 1958 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (6):584.
  44.  1
    The Relationship Between the Strength of a Habit and the Degree of Drive Present During Acquisition.Bradley Reynolds - 1949 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (3):296.
  45.  1
    The Effect of Low Intensities of Hunger on the Behavior Mediated by a Habit of Maximum Strength.Irving Saltzman & Sigmund Koch - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (4):347.
  46.  1
    Instructional Sets and Habit Interference.Moncrieff H. Smith Jr - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (4):267.
  47.  1
    The Development of Discrimination in a Simple Locomotor Habit.W. S. Verplanck - 1942 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (6):441.
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  48. Some Reflections on Life and Habit.Northrop Frye & F. E. L. Priestley - 1988
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  49.  39
    Digestion, Habit, and Being at Home: Hegel and the Gut as Ambiguous Other.Jane Dryden - 2016 - Phaenex 11 (2).
    Recent work in the philosophy of biology argues that we must rethink the biological individual beyond the boundary of the species, given that a key part of our essential functioning is carried out by the bacteria in our intestines in a way that challenges any strictly genetic account of what is involved for the biological human. The gut is a kind of ambiguous other within our understanding of ourselves, particularly when we also consider the status of gastro-intestinal disorders. Hegel offers (...)
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  50.  44
    Creativity, Habit, and the Social Products of Creative Action: Revising Joas, Incorporating Bourdieu.Benjamin Dalton - 2004 - Sociological Theory 22 (4):603-622.
    Hans Joas's The Creativity of Action (1996) posits that conceiving of all action as fundamentally creative would overcome problems inherent in rational and normative theories of action and would provide an alternative basis for action-based theories of macrosociological phenomena. Joas conceives of creativity as a response to the frustration of "prereflective aspirations," which necessitates innovative adjustment to reestablish habitual intentions. This conceptualization creates an unsupportable duality between habitual action and creativity that neglects other possible sources of creative action, including (...) itself. Combining strengths from Bourdieu's concept of habitus, creativity can be redefined as the necessary adaption of habitual practices to specific contexts of action. Creative action continually introduces novel possibilities in practical action and provokes a variety of social responses to its products. This revised concept of creativity overcomes the dichotomy presented by Joas, identifies a microsocial source of innovation in creative action, and calls attention to patterns of creative authority in society at large. (shrink)
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