Results for 'Kobina Hughes'

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  1.  77
    Blockchain, The Greater Good, and Human and Civil Rights.Kobina Hughes - 2017 - Metaphilosophy 48 (5):654-665.
    The central theme of this paper is that the development of a technology that is predicted to have a major impact on the way we transact with each other should be a matter where the needs of society at large are taken into account. Where the technology is one that emerges from the domain of the Internet, inclusivity becomes even more acute in order to avoid widening the already existing gap in reaping the “digital dividend.” With blockchain, the obligation could (...)
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  2.  33
    Personal Identity: A Defence of Locke: M. W. Hughes.M. W. Hughes - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (192):169-187.
    The theory of personal identity should illuminate and be illuminated by the theory of personality, of which it is a part. I believe that Locke's theory succeeds in this more than that of any other great philosopher, and the modifications which it may need are not fundamental ones. The problems raised by Butler and Flew can be made to disappear.
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  3. Pornography: Marxism, Feminism, and the Future of Sexuality.Paul M. Hughes - 1988 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 23 (2):106-107.
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  4.  24
    Commodifying Bodies.Nancy Scheper-Hughes & Loïc J. D. Wacquant (eds.) - 2002 - Sage Publications.
    Increasingly the body is a possession that does not belong to us. It is bought and sold, bartered and stolen, marketed wholesale or in parts. The professions - especially reproductive medicine, transplant surgery, and bioethics but also journalism and other cultural specialists - have been pliant partners in this accelerating commodification of live and dead human organisms. Under the guise of healing or research, they have contributed to a new 'ethic of parts' for which the divisible body is severed from (...)
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  5.  98
    A New Introduction to Modal Logic.Paolo Crivelli, Timothy Williamson, G. E. Hughes & M. J. Cresswell - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (3):471.
    This volume succeeds the same authors' well-known An Introduction to Modal Logic and A Companion to Modal Logic. We designate the three books and their authors NIML, IML, CML and H&C respectively. Sadly, George Hughes died partway through the writing of NIML.
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  6. The Structure and Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.R. I. G. Hughes - 1989 - Harvard University Press.
    R.I.G Hughes offers the first detailed and accessible analysis of the Hilbert-space models used in quantum theory and explains why they are so successful.
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  7. Rotten Trade : Millennial Capitalism, Human Values and Global Justice in Organs Trafficking.Nancy Scheper-Hughes - 2009 - In Mark Goodale (ed.), Human Rights: An Anthropological Reader. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  8.  8
    Pricing Medicine Fairly.Robert C. Hughes - 2020 - Philosophy of Management 19 (4):369-385.
    Recently, dramatic price increases by several pharmaceutical companies have provoked public outrage. These scandals raise questions both about how pharmaceutical firms should be regulated and about how pharmaceutical executives ethically ought to make pricing decisions when drug prices are largely unregulated. Though there is an extensive literature on the regulatory question, the ethical question has been largely unexplored. This article defends a Kantian approach to the ethics of pharmaceutical pricing in an unregulated market. To the extent possible, pharmaceutical companies must (...)
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  9. A Short History of Chinese Philosophy.E. R. Hughes - 1949 - Philosophical Review 58 (4):380-382.
  10.  21
    An Introduction to Modal Logic.G. E. Hughes - 1968 - London: Methuen.
  11.  75
    Commodity Fetishism in Organs Trafficking.Nancy Scheper-Hughes - 2001 - Body and Society 7 (2-3):31-62.
    This article introduces the topic of body and commerce commodification as an effort to return sociological and anthropological thinking to a consideration of bodies as tangible, palpable and real material objects as well as semi-magical and symbolic representations. It argues for an enlarged conception of commodification as encompassing all monetized relations in which human bodies are the token of economic exchanges that are often masked as something else love, pleasure, altruism, kindness.
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  12.  14
    Bodies for Sale-Whole or in Parts.Nancy Scheper-Hughes - 2002 - In Nancy Scheper-Hughes & Loïc J. D. Wacquant (eds.), Commodifying Bodies. Sage Publications. pp. 1--8.
  13.  12
    Disagreement, Dogmatism, and the Bounds of Philosophy. [REVIEW]Nick Hughes - 2019 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 27 (4):591-596.
    Volume 27, Issue 4, October 2019, Page 591-596.
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  14.  31
    Consciousness and Society.H. Stuart Hughes - 1958 - New York: Knopf.
    Hughes approaches his subjects, as he later did with pertinent issues of the twentieth-century, with both reason and compassion.This edition includes an elegant ...
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  15.  45
    Theoretical Explanation.R. I. G. Hughes - 1993 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):132-153.
  16.  61
    The I Ching or Book of Changes.E. R. Hughes - 1951 - Philosophy East and West 1 (2):73-76.
  17. Models and Representation.Richard Hughes - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):336.
    A general account of modeling in physics is proposed. Modeling is shown to involve three components: denotation, demonstration, and interpretation. Elements of the physical world are denoted by elements of the model; the model possesses an internal dynamic that allows us to demonstrate theoretical conclusions; these in turn need to be interpreted if we are to make predictions. The DDI account can be readily extended in ways that correspond to different aspects of scientific practice.
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  18.  33
    Culture, Scarcity, and Maternal Thinking: Maternal Detachment and Infant Survival in a Brazilian Shantytown.Nancy Scheper‐Hughes - 1985 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 13 (4):291-317.
  19.  23
    Culture, Scarcity, and Maternal Thinking: Maternal Detachment and Infant Survival in a Brazilian Shantytown.Nancy Scheper-Hughes - 1985 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 13 (4):291-317.
  20.  38
    A Companion to Modal Logic.G. E. Hughes - 1984 - Methuen.
    Normal propositional modal systems This first chapter has two main aims. One is to give a general account of the propositional modal systems that we shall ...
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  21. Chinese Philosophy in Classical Times. Edited and Translated by E.R. Hughes.E. R. Hughes - 1966 - Dent.
     
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  22.  61
    What Can God Explain?: Gerard J. Hughes.Gerard J. Hughes - 2011 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 68:51-65.
    In this paper, I shall be arguing for what I hope is a modern version of a very traditional view, which is that God can explain two very basic phenomena: the first is the existence of the universe as we know it: the second is the particular way in which the universe is organised. I shall also, though briefly, try to counter the view that the totally unwelcome features of our universe make it impossible to reconcile the universe as it (...)
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  23.  8
    Desiderius Erasmus, Concerning the Aim and Method of Education. William Harrison Woodward.R. E. Hughes - 1905 - International Journal of Ethics 15 (3):390-391.
  24.  38
    The Theoretical Practices of Physics: Philosophical Essays.R. I. G. Hughes - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    R.I.G. Hughes presents a series of eight philosophical essays on the theoretical practices of physics. The first two essays examine these practices as they appear in physicists' treatises (e.g. Newton's Principia and Opticks ) and journal articles (by Einstein, Bohm and Pines, Aharonov and Bohm). By treating these publications as texts, Hughes casts the philosopher of science in the role of critic. This premise guides the following 6 essays which deal with various concerns of philosophy of physics such (...)
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  25. Kripke: Names, Necessity, and Identity.Christopher Hughes - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Saul Kripke, in a series of classic writings of the 1960s and 1970s, changed the face of metaphysics and philosophy of language. Christopher Hughes offers a careful exposition and critical analysis of Kripke's central ideas about names, necessity, and identity. He clears up some common misunderstandings of Kripke's views on rigid designation, causality and reference, and the necessary a posteriori and contingent a priori. Through his engagement with Kripke's ideas Hughes makes a significant contribution to ongoing debates on, (...)
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  26.  22
    Household Nucleation, Dependency and Child Health Outcomes in Ghana.Samuel Kobina Annim, Kofi Awusabo-Asare & Joshua Amo-Adjei - 2015 - Journal of Biosocial Science 47 (5):565-592.
  27. Ethnophilosophy and its Critics: A Trialogue.Kwame Anthony Appiah, Kobina Oguah & Kwasi Wiredu - 1995 - In Safro Kwame (ed.), Readings in African Philosophy: An Akan Collection. University Press of America.
     
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  28.  76
    Is Knowledge the Ability to Φ for the Reason That P?Nick Hughes - 2014 - Episteme 11 (4):457-462.
    Hyman (1999, 2006) argues that knowledge is best conceived as a kind of ability: S knows that p iff S can φ for the reason that p. Hyman motivates this thesis by appealing to Gettier cases. I argue that it is counterexampled by a certain kind of Gettier case where the fact that p is a cause of the subject’s belief that p. One can φ for the reason that p even if one does not know that p. So knowledge (...)
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  29.  15
    Changing Words and Sounds: The Roles of Different Cognitive Units in Sound Change.Márton Sóskuthy, Paul Foulkes, Vincent Hughes & Bill Haddican - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (4):787-802.
  30.  14
    Theology in the Age of Scientific Reasoning. [REVIEW]Gerard J. Hughes & Nancey Murphy - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (168):397.
  31. Contradictions From the Enlightenment Roots of Transhumanism.J. Hughes - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (6):622-640.
    Transhumanism, the belief that technology can transcend the limitations of the human body and brain, is part of the family of Enlightenment philosophies. As such, transhumanism has also inherited the internal tensions and contradictions of the broad Enlightenment tradition. First, the project of Reason is self-erosive and requires irrational validation. Second, although most transhumanists are atheist, their belief in the transcendent power of intelligence generates new theologies. Third, although most transhumanists are liberal democrats, their belief in human perfectibility and governance (...)
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  32.  27
    Moral Enhancement Requires Multiple Virtues.James J. Hughes - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (1):86-95.
  33. On a Complex Theory of a Simple God: An Investigation in Aquinas' Philosophical Theology.Christopher Hughes - 1989 - Cornell University Press.
    [I] Divine Simplicity: God and His Existence Types of Divine Simplicity Of the properties ascribed to God in Aquinas' natural theology, we may call one sort ...
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  34.  41
    Justifying Community Benefit Requirements in International Research.Robert C. Hughes - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (8):397-404.
    It is widely agreed that foreign sponsors of research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are morally required to ensure that their research benefits the broader host community. There is no agreement, however, about how much benefit or what type of benefit research sponsors must provide, nor is there agreement about what group of people is entitled to benefit. To settle these questions, it is necessary to examine why research sponsors have an obligation to benefit the broader host community, not (...)
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  35. John Buridan on Self-Reference: Chapter Eight of Buridan's 'Sophismata', with a Translation, an Introduction, and a Philosophical Commentary.G. E. Hughes (ed.) - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Buridan was a fourteenth-century philosopher who enjoyed an enormous reputation for about two hundred years, was then totally neglected, and is now being 'rediscovered' through his relevance to contemporary work in philosophical logic. The final chapter of Buridan's Sophismata deals with problems about self-reference, and in particular with the semantic paradoxes. He offers his own distinctive solution to the well-known 'Liar Paradox' and introduces a number of other paradoxes that will be unfamiliar to most logicians. Buridan also moves on (...)
     
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  36. Same-Kind Coincidence and the Ship of Theseus.Christopher Hughes - 1997 - Mind 106 (421):53-67.
    Locke thought that it was impossible for there to be two things of the same kind in the same place at the same time. I offer (what looks to me like) a counterexample to that principle, involving two ships in the same place at the same time. I then consider two ways of explaining away, and one way of denying, the apparent counterexample of Locke's principle, and I argue that none is successful. I conclude that, although the case under discussion (...)
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  37.  38
    Constraint, Consent, and Well-Being in Human Kidney Sales.P. M. Hughes - 2009 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (6):606-631.
    This paper canvasses recent arguments in favor of commercial markets in human transplant kidneys, raising objections to those arguments on grounds of the role of injustice, exploitation, and coercion in compromising the autonomy of those most likely to sell a kidney, namely, the least well off members of society.
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  38.  39
    That Positive Instances Are No Help.Hughes Leblanc - 1963 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (16):453-462.
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  39.  49
    Kant's Aesthetic Epistemology. [REVIEW]Fiona Hughes - 2010 - Kantian Review 14 (2):155.
    Drawing on resources from both the analytical and continental traditions, this book argues that a comprehension of Immanuel Kant's aesthetics is necessary for grasping the scope and force of his epistemology. It draws on phenomenological and aesthetic resources to bring out the continuing relevance of Kant's project. One of the difficulties faced in reading ‘The Critique of Pure Reason’ is finding a way of reading the text as one continuous discussion. This book offers a reading at each stage of Kant's (...)
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  40. Transcendence and History: The Search for Ultimacy From Ancient Societies to Postmodernity.Glenn Hughes - 2003 - University of Missouri.
    _Transcendence and History_ is an analysis of what philosopher Eric Voegelin described as “the decisive problem of philosophy”: the dilemma of the discovery of transcendent meaning and the impact of this discovery on human self-understanding. The explicit recognition and symbolization of transcendent meaning originally occurred in a few advanced civilizations worldwide during the first millennium?.?.e. The world’s major religious and wisdom traditions are built upon the recognition of transcendent meaning, and our own cultural and linguistic heritage has long since absorbed (...)
     
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  41. The Concept of Dignity in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.Glenn Hughes - 2011 - Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (1):1-24.
    This essay examines the function of the concept of human dignity (both as an inherent feature of human existence and as an ideal achievement) in the United Nations's 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It explains why the key framers of the document affirmed an inherent human dignity in order to provide an explanatory basis for the validity of universal human rights while eschewing any religious or metaphysical justification for this affirmation. It argues that the key framers, while aware of (...)
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  42.  69
    An Artifact is to Use: An Introduction to Instrumental Functions.Jesse Hughes - 2009 - Synthese 168 (1):179-199.
    Because much of the recent philosophical interest in functions has been motivated by their application in biology and other sciences, most of the ensuing discussions have focused on functional explanations to the neglect of the practical role of functional knowledge. This practical role is essential for understanding how users form plans involving artifacts. We introduce the concept of instrumental function which is intended to capture the features of functional claims that are relevant to practical—in particular, instrumental—reasoning. We discuss the four (...)
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  43. Exploitation, Autonomy, and the Case for Organ Sales.Paul M. Hughes - 1998 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):89-95.
    A recent argument in favor of a free market in human organs claims that such a market enhances personal autonomy. I argue here that such a market would, on the contrary, actually compromise the autonomy of those most likely to sell their organs, namely, the least well off members of society. A Marxian-inspired notion of exploitation is deployed to show how, and in what sense, this is the case.
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  44. A Passivity Prior to Passive and Active: Merleau-Ponty's Re-Reading of the Freudian Unconscious and Looking at Lascaux.Fiona Hughes - 2013 - Mind 122 (486):fzt061.
    Merleau-Ponty’s understanding of ‘passivity’ is a key to his account of perception. For Merleau-Ponty, perception is the way in which we are involved in the world, and it is on perception that the functions of understanding, reason, and reflection ultimately rest. While in his Phenomenology of Perception it is already clear that passive and active are intertwined, from a series of lectures he gave in 1954–5 we learn that inauguration or ‘institution’ arises out of a passivity that is not merely (...)
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  45.  66
    Lexicalisation and the Origin of the Human Mind.Thomas J. Hughes & J. T. M. Miller - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (1):11-27.
    This paper will discuss the origin of the human mind, and the qualitative discontinuity between human and animal cognition. We locate the source of this discontinuity within the language faculty, and thus take the origin of the mind to depend on the origin of the language faculty. We will look at one such proposal put forward by Hauser et al. (Science 298:1569-1579, 2002), which takes the evolution of a Merge trait (recursion) to solely explain the differences between human and animal (...)
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  46. Bell's Theorem, Ideology, and Structural Explanation.R. I. G. Hughes - 1989 - In James T. Cushing & Ernan McMullin (eds.), Philosophical Consequences of Quantum Theory. University of Notre Dame Press. pp. 195--207.
  47.  19
    Thinking Through Dementia.Julian C. Hughes - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Dementia affects millions of people throughout the world. Thinking through Dementia offers a critique of the main models used to understand dementia-the biomedical, neuropsychological, and social constructionist. It discusses clinical issues and cases, together with philosophical work that might help us to better understand and treat this illness.
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  48.  85
    What is Involved in Forgiving?Paul M. Hughes - 1997 - Philosophia 25 (1-4):33-49.
    I have argued that forgiveness paradigmatically involves overcoming moral anger, of which resentment is the central case. I have argued, as well, that forgiveness may involve overcoming any form of anger so long as the belief that you have been wrongfully harmed is partially constitutive of it, and that overcoming other negative emotions caused by a wrongdoer's misdeed may, given appropriate qualifications, count as forgiveness. Those qualifications indicate, however, significant differences between moral anger and other negative emotions; differences which must (...)
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  49.  86
    Political Correctness: A History of Semantics and Culture.Geoffrey Hughes - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    In this carefully researched, thought-provoking book, Geoffrey Hughes examines the trajectory of political correctness and its impact on public life.
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  50. Miracles, Laws of Nature and Causation.Christopher Hughes & Robert Merrihew Adams - 1992 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 66:179 - 224.
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