Results for 'Land-Based Weapons'

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  1. Fire and Forget: A Moral Defense of the Use of Autonomous Weapons in War and Peace.Duncan MacIntosh - 2021 - In Jai Galliott, Duncan MacIntosh & Jens David Ohlin (eds.), Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare. Oxford University Press. pp. 9-23.
    Autonomous and automatic weapons would be fire and forget: you activate them, and they decide who, when and how to kill; or they kill at a later time a target you’ve selected earlier. Some argue that this sort of killing is always wrong. If killing is to be done, it should be done only under direct human control. (E.g., Mary Ellen O’Connell, Peter Asaro, Christof Heyns.) I argue that there are surprisingly many kinds of situation where this is false (...)
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  2.  20
    A Land-Based Approach to Postcolonial, Post-Modern Novels.Colin Irvine - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 5 (12):23-27.
    With an eye on how post-colonial novels by authors Chinua Achebe and Ngugi Wa Thiong’o address aesthetic and environmental problems that preceded the Modern period, the intent of this essay is to emphasize how their fiction connects readers with a pre-industrial, premodern, and, strangely enough, radically new ways of thinking about books and the living world beyond them. To this end, the essay looks at this non-western literature through the lens of ecologist Aldo Leopold’s land-based ideas regarding epistemology, (...)
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  3.  10
    Direct-SV Radiation Produced by Land-Based P-Sources — Part 2: Buried Explosives.Bob A. Hardage & Donald Wagner - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (3):T569-T583.
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  4.  9
    Direct-SV Radiation Produced by Land-Based P-Sources — Part 1: Surface Sources.Bob A. Hardage & Donald Wagner - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (3):T597-T612.
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    Direct-SV Radiation Produced by Land-Based P-Sources — Part 2: Buried Explosives.Bob A. Hardage & Donald Wagner - 2018 - Interpretation 6 (3):T585-T599.
    A common view of buried-explosive seismic sources is that a buried explosion is a pure-P source because it is an expanding volume of high-pressure gas. This assumption leads to a popular conclusion that if shear-mode reflections are observed in explosive-source data, those reflections have to be produced by a downgoing SV wavefield that is generated by P-to-SV conversion at an interface above the depth of the buried explosive. This paper challenges this traditional view that a buried chemical explosive is a (...)
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  6.  13
    Section 5 Indigenous LandBased, Forest School and Place‐Based Education.Adrian Skilbeck & Jeff Stickney - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (4):1032-1032.
  7.  5
    Stitching the Wound: Land-Based Gestures of Healing and Resistance in the Work of Postcommodity and Maureen Gruben.Madalen Claire Benson - 2020 - Environment, Space, Place 12 (1):1.
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  8. Arms Industry.Edmund Byrne - 2017 - Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics.
    A summary assessment of the dimensions and concentrations of military equipment manufacture primarily in the United States and western Europe and the extent of availability of this equipment to buyers throughout the world. Treaty-based limitations are also listed.
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  9.  9
    Clarifying the Process of Land-Based Research, and the Role of Researcher and Participants.R. Datta - 2019 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 19:1-10.
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  10.  6
    Weapon Selection and Planning Problems Using MOEA/D with Distance-Based Divided Neighborhoods.Jian Xiong, Rui Wang & Jiang Jiang - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-18.
    Real-world multiobjective optimization problems are characterized by multiple types of decision variables. In this paper, we address weapon selection and planning problems, which include decision variables of weapon-type selection and weapon amount determination. Large solution space and discontinuous, nonconvex Pareto front increase the difficulty of problem solving. This paper solves the addressed problem by means of a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm based on decomposition. Two mechanisms are designed for the complex combinatorial characteristic of WSPPs. The first is that the neighborhood (...)
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  11. Direct-SV Radiation Produced by Land-Based P-Sources — Part 1: Surface Sources.Bob A. Hardage & Donald Wagner - 2018 - Interpretation 6 (3):T569-T584.
    We use finite-difference modeling to illustrate direct-P and direct-SV radiation produced by land-based, vertical-displacement sources such as vertical vibrators and vertical impacts, sources that reflection seismologists have used for decades to image subsurface targets. We are particularly interested in understanding the nature of SV radiation that these sources create. Such insight will be important for those in the seismic interpretation community who are interested in S-wave reflection seismology. One distinction between our work and that of earlier investigators is (...)
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  12.  15
    Weapon-Target Assignment Problem by Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm Based on Decomposition.Xiaoyang Li, Deyun Zhou, Qian Pan, Yongchuan Tang & Jichuan Huang - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-19.
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  13.  13
    The Complex Network Theory-Based Urban Land-Use and Transport Interaction Studies.Rui Ding - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-14.
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  14.  15
    Simulating Intraurban Land Use Dynamics Under Multiple Scenarios Based on Fuzzy Cellular Automata: A Case Study of Jinzhou District, Dalian.Jun Yang, Weiling Liu, Yonghua Li, Xueming Li & Quansheng Ge - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-17.
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  15.  81
    Autonomous Weapons Systems, Killer Robots and Human Dignity.Amanda Sharkey - 2019 - Ethics and Information Technology 21 (2):75-87.
    One of the several reasons given in calls for the prohibition of autonomous weapons systems (AWS) is that they are against human dignity (Asaro, 2012; Docherty, 2014; Heyns, 2017; Ulgen, 2016). However there have been criticisms of the reliance on human dignity in arguments against AWS (Birnbacher, 2016; Pop, 2018; Saxton, 2016). This paper critically examines the relationship between human dignity and autonomous weapons systems. Three main types of objection to AWS are identified; (i) arguments based on (...)
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  16.  11
    Civilian-Based Defense: A Post-Military Weapons System.Doug Allen - 1992 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 5 (5):40-45.
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  17.  51
    Nonlethal Weapons and Noncombatant Immunity: Is It Permissible to Target Noncombatants?Chris Mayer - 2007 - Journal of Military Ethics 6 (3):221-231.
    The concept of noncombatant immunity prohibits the intentional targeting of noncombatants. The availability of nonlethal weapons (NLW) may weaken this prohibition, especially since using NLWs against noncombatants may, in some cases, actually save the noncombatants' lives. Given the advancement of NLWs, I argue that their probable appearance on the battlefield demands close scrutiny due to the moral problems associated with their use. In this paper, I examine four distinct cases and determine whether the use of NLWs is morally permissible. (...)
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  18.  4
    A Novel Efficiency Measure Model for Industrial Land Use Based on Subvector Data Envelope Analysis and Spatial Analysis Method.Wei Chen, Rui He & Qun Wu - 2017 - Complexity:1-11.
    With the rapid and unbalanced development of industry, a large amount of cultivated land is converted into industrial land with lower efficiency. The existing research is extensively concerned with industrial land use and industrial development in isolation, but little attention has been paid to the relationship between them. To help address this gap, the paper creates a new efficiency measure method for industrial land use combining Subvector Data Envelope Analysis with spatial analysis approach. The proposed model (...)
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  19.  11
    Yinshun's Recovery of Shizhu Piposha Lun 十住毗婆沙論: A Madhyamaka-Based Pure Land Practice In Twentieth-Century Taiwan.Stefania Travagnin - 2013 - Contemporary Buddhism 14 (2):320-343.
    Yinshun is regarded as one of the eminent monks of twentieth-century Chinese Buddhism. In the mission of reinventing Chinese Buddhism Yinshun engaged particularly in the revival and restatement of Madhyamaka. His interpretation of Nāgārjuna's texts, the reassessment of the links between pre-Mahāyāna Buddhism and the Prajn˜āpāramitā tradition, and the critical analysis of the Chinese San-lun became the core of the new Mahāyāna that he planned for the twentieth-century China. Yinshun also adopted Madhyamaka criteria to reconsider the Mahāyāna schools that were (...)
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  20.  6
    Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Rurality in Urban Suburb Town and Its Driving Factors Based on Land Use Transformation.Zhiheng Yang & Chenxi Li - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-10.
    Rurality highlights the intrinsic differences between urban and rural communities. The comprehensive rurality evaluation index system is difficult to obtain indicators that reflect purely rural or urban characteristics; in addition, most of the data used in the evaluation index system come from statistical data, and the authenticity of the data cannot be guaranteed. Taking 25 towns in Lixia County and Shanghe County in Jinan city as the study area and using land use data and economic statistics data, the rurality (...)
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  21.  22
    Dueling Land Ethics: Uncovering Agricultural Stakeholder Mental Models to Better Understand Recent Land Use Conversion.Benjamin L. Turner, Melissa Wuellner, Timothy Nichols & Roger Gates - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (5):831-856.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate how alternative land ethics of agricultural stakeholders may help explain recent land use changes. The paper first explores the historical development of the land ethic concept in the United States and how those ethics have impacted land use policy and use of private lands. Secondly, primary data gathered from semi-structured interviews of farmers, ranchers, and influential stakeholders are then analyzed using stakeholder analysis methods to identify major factors considered (...)
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  22. The Future of War: The Ethical Potential of Leaving War to Lethal Autonomous Weapons.Steven Umbrello, Phil Torres & Angelo F. De Bellis - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (1):273-282.
    Lethal Autonomous Weapons (LAWs) are robotic weapons systems, primarily of value to the military, that could engage in offensive or defensive actions without human intervention. This paper assesses and engages the current arguments for and against the use of LAWs through the lens of achieving more ethical warfare. Specific interest is given particularly to ethical LAWs, which are artificially intelligent weapons systems that make decisions within the bounds of their ethics-based code. To ensure that a wide, (...)
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  23.  44
    Epistemology of Causal Inference in Pharmacology: Towards a Framework for the Assessment of Harms.Jürgen Landes, Barbara Osimani & Roland Poellinger - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (1):3-49.
    Philosophical discussions on causal inference in medicine are stuck in dyadic camps, each defending one kind of evidence or method rather than another as best support for causal hypotheses. Whereas Evidence Based Medicine advocates the use of Randomised Controlled Trials and systematic reviews of RCTs as gold standard, philosophers of science emphasise the importance of mechanisms and their distinctive informational contribution to causal inference and assessment. Some have suggested the adoption of a pluralistic approach to causal inference, and an (...)
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  24. The Land Ethic, Moral Development, and Ecological Rationality.Charles Starkey - 2007 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):149-175.
    There has been significant debate over both the imiplications and the merit of Leopold’s land ethic. I consider the two most prominent objections and a resolution to them. One of these objections is that, farfrom being an alternative to an “economic” or cost–benefit perspective on environmental issues, Leopold’s land ethic merely broadens the range of economic considerations to be used in addressing such issues. The other objection is that the land ethic is a form of “environmental fascism” (...)
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  25.  6
    Land Education: Rethinking Pedagogies of Place From Indigenous, Postcolonial, and Decolonizing Perspectives.Kate McCoy, Eve Tuck & Marcia McKenzie (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    This important book on Land Education offers critical analysis of the paths forward for education on Indigenous land. This analysis discusses the necessity of centring historical and current contexts of colonization in education on and in relation to land. In addition, contributors explore the intersections of environmentalism and Indigenous rights, in part inspired by the realisation that the specifics of geography and community matter for how environmental education can be engaged. This edited volume suggests how place-based (...)
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  26.  16
    Epistemology of Causal Inference in Pharmacology: Towards a Framework for the Assessment of Harms.Juergen Landes, Barbara Osimani & Roland Poellinger - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (1):3-49.
    Philosophical discussions on causal inference in medicine are stuck in dyadic camps, each defending one kind of evidence or method rather than another as best support for causal hypotheses. Whereas Evidence Based Medicine advocates the use of Randomised Controlled Trials and systematic reviews of RCTs as gold standard, philosophers of science emphasise the importance of mechanisms and their distinctive informational contribution to causal inference and assessment. Some have suggested the adoption of a pluralistic approach to causal inference, and an (...)
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  27.  10
    Utilisation Efficiency of Construction Land in China’s Coastal Cities Based on Debt Level.Hui Wang, Lu Qiao, Chuang Tian & Qiaoqiao Lin - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-10.
    Optimising the allocation of population, land, and capital production resources is crucial for promoting an efficient urbanisation and solving the urban land financial problem. This study uses a panel threshold model to identify the response boundary of urban construction land use efficiency to government debt level for 51 postfinancial crisis Chinese coastal cities. The results indicate that the threshold of economic development level and provincial gross domestic product are 2.67 and 5.17, respectively. In cities with relatively backward (...)
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  28. Power Prediction-Based Model Predictive Control for Energy Management in Land and Air Vehicle with Turboshaft Engine.Zhengchao Wei, Yue Ma, Changle Xiang & Dabo Liu - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-24.
    In recent years, the green aviation technology draws more attention, and more hybrid power units have been applied to the aerial vehicles. To achieve the high performance and long lifetime of components during varied working conditions, the effective regulation of the energy management is necessary for the vehicles with hybrid power unit. In this paper, power prediction-based model predictive control for energy management strategy is proposed for the vehicle equipped with HPU based on turboshaft engine in order to (...)
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  29.  5
    Analysis of Land Surface Temperature Driving Factors and Spatial Heterogeneity Research Based on Geographically Weighted Regression Model.Yin Zhi, Liang Shan, Lina Ke & Ruxin Yang - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-9.
    Acceleration of urbanization has brought about a series of problems, which include irreversible changes to urban surfaces and continuous increases in land surface temperatures. In this context, analysis of the driving factors and spatial heterogeneity of urban LST is of considerable importance for mitigating urban heat island effects and promoting healthy and comfortable urban living environments. This study explored the relationship between the spatial characteristics and driving factors of the LST by using a geographically weighted regression model to analyze (...)
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  30. Toronto's Lower Don Lands Ecologically-Based Urban Design in Canada.Rachel Gleeson - 2010 - Topos: European Landscape Magazine 73:62.
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  31.  8
    An Evidence-Hierarchical Decision Aid for Ranking in Evidence-Based Medici.Jürgen Landes - unknown
    This chapter addresses the problem of ranking available drugs in guideline development to support clinicians in their work. Based on a pragmatic approach to the notion of evidence and a hierarchical view on different kinds of evidence this chapter introduces a decision aid, HiDAD, which draws on the multi criteria decision making literature. This decision aid implements the wide-spread intuition that there are different kinds of evidence with varying degrees of importance by relying on a strict ordinal ordering of (...)
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  32.  6
    Paternalism and Land Use Planning: Ethical Bases and Practical Applications.Timothy Beatley - 1985 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 7:53-70.
  33.  3
    A Remote Sensing-Based Approach to Investigate Changes in Land Use and Land Cover in the Lower uMfolozi Floodplain System, South Africa.Mandla Dlamini, Elhadi Adam, George Chirima & Hamisai Hamandawana - 2021 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 76 (1):13-25.
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  34.  13
    Land Tenure and Inheritance in Classical Sparta.Stephen Hodkinson - 1986 - Classical Quarterly 36 (02):378-.
    ‘The problem of Spartan land tenure is one of the most vexed in the obscure field of Spartan institutions.’ Walbank's remark is as true today as when it was written nearly thirty years ago. Controversy surrounding this subject has a long tradition going back to the nineteenth century and the last thirty years have witnessed no diminution in the level of disagreement, as is demonstrated by a comparison of the differing approaches in the recent works by Cartledge, Cozzoli, David (...)
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  35.  16
    The Land Ethic, Moral Development, and Ecological Rationality.Charles Starkey - 2007 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):149-175.
    There has been significant debate over both the imiplications and the merit of Leopold’s land ethic. I consider the two most prominent objections and a resolution to them. One of these objections is that, farfrom being an alternative to an “economic” or cost–benefit perspective on environmental issues, Leopold’s land ethic merely broadens the range of economic considerations to be used in addressing such issues. The other objection is that the land ethic is a form of “environmental fascism” (...)
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  36.  26
    How Fair Is Actuarial Fairness?Xavier Landes - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (3):519-533.
    Insurance is pervasive in many social settings. As a cooperative device based on risk pooling, it serves to attenuate the adverse consequences of various risks by offering policyholders coverage against the losses implied by adverse events in exchange for the payment of premiums. In the insurance industry, the concept of actuarial fairness serves to establish what could be adequate, fair premiums. Accordingly, premiums paid by policyholders should match as closely as possible their risk exposure. Such premiums are the product (...)
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  37.  34
    Large-Scale Land Acquisition: Evaluating its Environmental Aspects Against the Background of Strong Sustainability. [REVIEW]Lieske Voget-Kleschin - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (6):1105-1126.
    Large-scale land acquisition (LaSLA) in developing countries is discussed controversially in both the media as well as academia: Opponents point to negative social and environmental consequences. By contrast, proponents conceive of LaSLA as much needed investment into the formerly neglected agricultural sector. This contribution aims at analyzing LaSLA’s environmental dimension against the background of strong sustainability. To this end, I will first introduce sustainable development as a normative concept based on claims for intra- and intergenerational justice. Subsequently, I (...)
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  38. The United Nations’ Reso Lution 2325 “Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction” and Its Role in Preventing Terrestrial-Based WMD Utilization Toward Orbiting Space Objects.Stefani Stojchevska - 2020 - Seeu Review 15 (2):136-142.
    The 2016 United Nations’ Resolution 2325 “Non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction” manifests one of the greatest challenges for humankind in relation to preventing a global catastrophe, where it reaffirms that the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, as well as their means of delivery, constitutes a threat to international peace and security. However, regarding the continuous technological developments of terrestrial-based WMD aimed at orbiting space objects in near-Earth orbit, it is crucial to analyze whether, and (...)
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  39.  1
    Promised Lands: Cinema, Geography, Modernism.Sam Rohdie - 2001 - British Film Institute.
    This book is an innovative attempt by a leading film theorist to locate cinema--from the earliest experiments, via the work of Federico Fellini, Alfred Hitchcock, Roberto Rossellini, Orson Welles and many others, to contemporary European art cinema-- alongside philosophy, painting, geography and travel in terms of a history of modernism. The focal point of Promised Lands is a vast collection of geographical and ethnographic films and photographs made around the world, The Archives of the Planet . Based in Paris, (...)
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  40.  40
    Women‘s Land Rights in Gambian Irrigated Rice Schemes: Constraints and Opportunities. [REVIEW]Judith A. Carney - 1998 - Agriculture and Human Values 15 (4):325-336.
    This paper discusses the significance of gender-based conflicts for thefailure of Gambian irrigated rice projects. In particular, it illustrateshow resource control of a gendered crop, rice, shifts from females to maleswith the development of pump-irrigated rice projects. Irrigation imposes aradically different labor regime on household producers, demanding thatthey intensify labor for year-round cultivation. Yet, the Gambian farmingsystem evolved for a five month agricultural calendar, in which women wereaccorded specific land and labor rights. The need to restructure familylabor, specifically (...)
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  41.  9
    Female Access to Fertile Land and Other Inputs in Zambia: Why Women Get Lower Yields.William J. Burke, Serena Li & Dingiswayo Banda - 2018 - Agriculture and Human Values 35 (4):761-775.
    Throughout the developing world, it is a well-documented fact that women farmers tend to get lower yields than their male counterparts. Typically this is attributed to disproportionate access to high-quality inputs and labor, with some even arguing there could be a skills-gap stemming from unbalanced access to training and education. This article examines the gender-based yield gap in the context of Zambian maize producers. In addition to the usual drivers, we argue that Zambia’s patriarchal and multi-tiered land distribution (...)
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  42. Appropriating Resources: Land Claims, Law, and Illicit Business.Edmund F. Byrne - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (4):453-466.
    Business ethicists should examine ethical issues that impinge on the perimeters of their specialized studies (Byrne 2011 ). This article addresses one peripheral issue that cries out for such consideration: the international resource privilege (IRP). After explaining briefly what the IRP involves I argue that it is unethical and should not be supported in international law. My argument is based on others’ findings as to the consequences of current IRP transactions and of their ethically indefensible historical precedents. In particular (...)
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  43.  20
    Nuclear Weapons and Medicine: Some Ethical Dilemmas.A. Haines, C. de B. White & J. Gleisner - 1983 - Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (4):200-206.
    The enormous destructive power of present stocks of nuclear weapons poses the greatest threat to public health in human history. Technical changes in weapons design are leading to an increased emphasis on the ability to fight a nuclear war, eroding the concept of deterrence based on mutually assured destruction and increasing the risk of nuclear war. Medical planning and civil defence preparations for nuclear war have recently been increased in several countries although there is little evidence that (...)
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  44. Land Ethics, Multilinguistic and Multicultural Communities of the 21 Century.Guido J. M. Verstraeten - 2013 - Session 2: Multicultural Citizenship in the 21st Century 2nd Global Conference.
    Land Ethics, Multilinguistic and Multicultural Communities of the 21 Century Guido Verstraeten Satakunta University of Applied Sciences, Suomi, Finland -/- The modern society is challenged by recent migration coming all over the world. Due to the basic rational principles of the modern nation the Western countries are faced with a disentangle of the societal coherence. The Newtonian conception of space-time, the secularization of the civil society, the extraterritorial cosmopolitism and the unilinear and homogeneous conception of progress seem incompatible with (...)
     
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  45. Diagrammatic Reasoning and Modelling in the Imagination: The Secret Weapons of the Scientific Revolution.James Franklin - 2000 - In Guy Freeland & Anthony Corones (eds.), 1543 and All That: Image and Word, Change and Continuity in the Proto-Scientific Revolution. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Just before the Scientific Revolution, there was a "Mathematical Revolution", heavily based on geometrical and machine diagrams. The "faculty of imagination" (now called scientific visualization) was developed to allow 3D understanding of planetary motion, human anatomy and the workings of machines. 1543 saw the publication of the heavily geometrical work of Copernicus and Vesalius, as well as the first Italian translation of Euclid.
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  46.  24
    Intra-Family Inequality and Justice.Xavier Landes & Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2012 - Dialogue 51 (3):437-466.
    In “The Pecking Order,” Dalton Conley argues that inequalities between siblings are larger than inequalities at the level of the overall society. Our article discusses the normative implications for institutions of this observation. We show that the question of state intervention for curbing intra-family inequality reveals an internal tension within liberalism between autonomy and toleration, which bears on the forms that the intervention of institutions may take. Despite the pros and cons of both commitments, autonomy-based liberalism appears more compatible (...)
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  47.  87
    Re-Examining the Darwinian Basis for Aldo Leopold’s Land Ethic.Roberta L. Millstein - 2015 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (3):301-317.
    Many philosophers have become familiar with Leopold’s land ethic through the writings of J. Baird Callicott, who claims that Leopold bases his land ethic on a ‘protosociobiological’ argument that Darwin gives in the Descent of Man. On this view, which has become the canonical interpretation, Leopold’s land ethic is based on extending our moral sentiments to ecosystems. I argue that the evidence weighs in favor of an alternative interpretation of Leopold; his reference to Darwin does not (...)
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  48.  59
    Designing Sustainable Agriculture Education: Academics' Suggestions for an Undergraduate Curriculum at a Land Grant University. [REVIEW]Damian M. Parr, Cary J. Trexler, Navina R. Khanna & Bryce T. Battisti - 2007 - Agriculture and Human Values 24 (4):523-533.
    Historically, land grant universities and their colleges of agriculture have been discipline driven in both their curricula and research agendas. Critics call for interdisciplinary approaches to undergraduate curriculum. Concomitantly, sustainable agriculture (SA) education is beginning to emerge as a way to address many complex social and environmental problems. University of California at Davis faculty, staff, and students are developing an undergraduate SA major. To inform this process, a web-based Delphi survey of academics working in fields related to SA (...)
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  49.  2
    When Open Data is a Trojan Horse: The Weaponization of Transparency in Science and Governance.David Merritt Johns & Karen E. C. Levy - 2016 - Big Data and Society 3 (1).
    Openness and transparency are becoming hallmarks of responsible data practice in science and governance. Concerns about data falsification, erroneous analysis, and misleading presentation of research results have recently strengthened the call for new procedures that ensure public accountability for data-driven decisions. Though we generally count ourselves in favor of increased transparency in data practice, this Commentary highlights a caveat. We suggest that legislative efforts that invoke the language of data transparency can sometimes function as “Trojan Horses” through which other political (...)
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  50.  3
    Complexity of Functional Urban Spaces Evolution in Different Aspects: Based on Urban Land Use Conversion.Guolei Zhou, Chenggu Li, Yanjun Liu & Jing Zhang - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-12.
    The evolution of urban spatial structure and urban land use is a topical issue in urban studies. The analysis of the complexity of functional urban spaces evolution is valuable for a deeper understanding of the changes in urban spatial structure. Taking the central city of Changchun as the study area, the paper uses the urban land conversion method to analyze the spatial and temporal characteristics of functional urban spaces evolution in different aspects. The study found that the evolution (...)
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