Results for 'Philosophy of nature'

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  1. The Philosophy of Nature: A Guide to the New Essentialism.Brian Ellis - 2002 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    For many years essentialism was considered beyond the pale in philosophy, a relic of discredited Aristotelianism. This is no longer so. Kripke and Putnam have made belief in essential natures respectable once more. Harré and Madden have argued against Hume's theory of causation and developed an alternative theory based on the assumption that there are genuine causal powers in nature. Dretske, Tooley, Armstrong, Swoyer, and Carroll have all developed strong alternatives to Hume's theory of the laws of (...). And Shoemaker has developed a thoroughly non-Humean theory of properties. The "new essentialism" has evolved from these beginnings and can now reasonably claim to be a metaphysic for a modern scientific understanding of the world - one that challenges the conception of the world as comprising passive entities whose interactions are to be explained by appeal to contingent laws of nature externally imposed. (shrink)
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  2. Philosophy of Natural Science.Carl Gustav Hempel - 1966 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
  3. The Philosophy of Nature: A Guide to the New Essentialism.Brian Ellis - 2002 - Routledge.
    In "The Philosophy of Nature," Brian Ellis provides a clear and forthright general summation of, and introduction to, the new essentialist position. Although the theory that the laws of nature are immanent in things, rather than imposed on them from without, is an ancient one, much recent work has been done to revive interest in essentialism and "The Philosophy of Nature" is a distinctive contribution to this lively current debate. Brian Ellis exposes the philosophical and (...)
     
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  4.  20
    Philosophies of Nature After Schelling.Iain Hamilton Grant - 2006 - Continuum.
    Preface to paperback edition -- Why Schelling? why naturephilosophy? -- The powers due to becoming: the reemergence of platonic physics in the genetic philosophy -- Antiphysics and neo-Fichteanism -- The natural history of the unthinged -- "What thinks in me is what is outside me". phenomenality, physics and the idea -- Dynamic philosophy, transcendental physics -- Conclusion: transcendental geology.
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  5. Philosophy of Natural Science.Carl G. Hempel - 1967 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):70-72.
     
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  6.  55
    Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy of Nature.Ted Toadvine - 2009 - Northwestern University Press.
    In our time, Ted Toadvine observes, the philosophical question of nature is almost entirely forgotten—obscured in part by a myopic focus on solving "environmental problems" without asking how these problems are framed. But an "environmental crisis," existing as it does in the human world of value and significance, is at heart a philosophical crisis. In this book, Toadvine demonstrates how Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology has a special power to address such a crisis—a philosophical power far better suited to the questions (...)
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  7.  17
    Philosophy of Nature.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel & Michael John Petry - 1970 - Allen & Unwin.
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  8.  38
    Hegel's Philosophy of Nature.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - 1970 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
    This is a much-needed reissue of the standard English translation of Hegel's Philosophy of Nature, originally published in 1970. The Philosophy of Nature is the second part of Hegel's Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, all of which is now available in English from OUP (Part I being his Logic, Part III being his Philosophy of Mind). Hegel's aim in this work is to interpret the varied phenomena of Nature from the standpoint of a dialectical (...)
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  9.  46
    Proclus on Nature: Philosophy of Nature and its Methods in Proclus’ Commentary on Plato’s Timaeus.Marije Martijn - 2010 - Brill.
    One of the hardest questions to answer for a (Neo)platonist is to what extent and how the changing and unreliable world of sense perception can itself be an object of scientific knowledge. My dissertation is a study of the answer given to that question by the Neoplatonist Proclus (Athens, 411-485) in his Commentary on Plato’s Timaeus. I present a new explanation of Proclus’ concept of nature and show that philosophy of nature consists of several related subdisciplines matching (...)
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  10. Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science.Ian Hacking - 1983 - Cambridge University Press.
    This 1983 book is a lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism. It has two parts. 'Representing' deals with the different philosophical accounts of scientific objectivity and the reality of scientific entities. The views of Kuhn, Feyerabend, Lakatos, Putnam, van Fraassen, and others, are all considered. 'Intervening' presents the first sustained treatment of experimental science for many years and uses it to give a new direction to debates (...)
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  11.  15
    Philosophy of Nature.Jacques Maritain & Yves René Marie Simon - 1951 - New York: Philosophical Library.
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  12.  7
    Philosophy of Nature.Gerd Buchdahl - 1972 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 23 (3):257-266.
  13.  4
    Philosophy of Nature[REVIEW]C. W. C. - 1950 - Journal of Philosophy 47 (22):644.
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  14.  21
    The Vegetative Soul: From Philosophy of Nature to Subjectivity in the Feminine.Elaine Miller - 2002 - State University of New York Press.
    Rethinks the soul in plant-like terms rather than animal, drawing from nineteenth-century philosophy of nature.
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  15. Philosophy of Nature.R. J. Hankinson - 2008 - In The Cambridge Companion to Galen. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  16.  45
    Hegel and the Philosophy of Nature.Stephen Houlgate (ed.) - 1998 - State University of New York Press.
    _Confirms that Hegel's philosophy of nature continues to have great significance for our understanding of the natural world._.
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  17.  4
    Schelling’s Idealism and Philosophy of Nature.Joseph L. Esposito - 1977 - Bucknell University Press, C1977.
    Analyzes Schelling's arguments for his idealism and pieces together a description of his theory of nature from among the large number of his writings in this area. It also traces the influence of Naturphilosophie on 19th-century science and connects it with recent System Theory.
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  18.  2
    Philosophy, Humanity, and Ecology: Philosophy of Nature and Environmental Ethics.H. Odera Oruka (ed.) - 1994 - African Academy of Sciences.
    v. 1. Philosophy of nature and environmental ethics.
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  19.  34
    Philosophies of Nature.Ernan McMullin - 1969 - New Scholasticism 43 (1):29-74.
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  20. First Outline of a System of the Philosophy of Nature.F. W. J. Schelling & Keith R. Peterson (eds.) - 2004 - State University of New York Press.
    Schelling's first systematic attempt to articulate a complete philosophy of nature.
     
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  21.  54
    Newton's Philosophy of Nature: Selections From His Writings.Isaac Newton - 1953 - Dover Publications.
    Aside from the Principia and occasional appearances of the Opticks , Newton' writings have remained largely inaccessible to students of philosophy, science, and literature as well as to other readers. This book provides a remedy with wide representation of the interests, problems, and diverse philosophic issues that preoccupied the greatest scientific mind of the seventeenth century. Grouped in sections corresponding to methods, principles, and theological considerations, these selections feature explanatory notes and cross-references to related essays.
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  22.  2
    Hegel's Philosophy of Nature Being Part Two of the Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (ed.) - 1970 - Clarendon Press.
  23.  1
    Descartes' Philosophy of Nature.James Daniel Collins - 1971 - Blackwell.
  24.  41
    Karl Marx's Philosophy of Nature, Action and Society: A New Analysis.Justin P. Holt - 2009 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    This work analyses Marx's philosophy of nature and shows how it is the basis for his practical philosophy. Previous analysis of Marx's philosophy of nature has considered humans as only natural beings and social beings. But, Marx analyzed humans' relationship to the natural world and to themselves as natural, social, and material. This material feature of human action can server as a basis for social critique and as the foundation for a practical analysis. The first (...)
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  25.  9
    Hegel, Naturalism and the Philosophy of Nature.Alison Stone - 2013 - Hegel Bulletin 34 (1):59-78.
    In this article I consider whether Hegel is a naturalist or an anti-naturalist with respect to his philosophy of nature. I adopt a cluster-based approach to naturalism, on which positions are more or less naturalistic depending how many strands of the clusternaturalismthey exemplify. I focus on two strands: belief that philosophy is continuous with the empirical sciences, and disbelief in supernatural entities. I argue that Hegel regards philosophy of nature as distinct, but not wholly discontinuous, (...)
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  26.  13
    Philosophy of Nature.Moritz Schlick - 1949 - New York: Greenwood Press.
  27.  3
    The Philosophy of Nature: A Guide to the New Essentialism.Ken Hochstetter - 2006 - Philosophia Christi 8 (2):503-507.
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  28.  2
    Roger Bacon's Philosophy of Nature: A Critical Edition, with English Translation, Introduction, and Notes, of De Multiplicatione Specierum and De Speculis Comburentibus.Roger Bacon - 1983 - St. Augustine's Press.
  29. Nietzsche's Philosophy of Nature and Cosmology.Alistair Moles - 1990 - P. Lang.
     
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  30.  16
    Philosophy of nature and organism’s autonomy: on Hegel, Plessner and Jonas’ theories of living beings.Francesca Michelini, Matthias Wunsch & Dirk Stederoth - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (3):56.
    Following the revival in the last decades of the concept of “organism”, scholarly literature in philosophy of science has shown growing historical interest in the theory of Immanuel Kant, one of the “fathers” of the concept of self-organisation. Yet some recent theoretical developments suggest that self-organisation alone cannot fully account for the all-important dimension of autonomy of the living. Autonomy appears to also have a genuine “interactive” dimension, which concerns the organism’s functional interactions with the environment and does not (...)
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  31.  27
    Neoplatonism and the Philosophy of Nature.James Wilberding & Christoph Horn (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume dispels the idea that Platonism was an otherworldly enterprise which neglected the study of the natural world. Leading scholars examine how the Platonists of late antiquity sought to understand and explain natural phenomena: their essays offer a new understanding of the metaphysics of Platonism, and its place in the history of science.
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  32.  97
    Professor Bohm's Philosophy of Nature[REVIEW]P. K. Feyerabend - 1960 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (40):321-338.
  33.  90
    The Psychology and Philosophy of Natural Numbers.Oliver R. Marshall - 2017 - Philosophia Mathematica (1):nkx002.
    ABSTRACT I argue against both neuropsychological and cognitive accounts of our grasp of numbers. I show that despite the points of divergence between these two accounts, they face analogous problems. Both presuppose too much about what they purport to explain to be informative, and also characterize our grasp of numbers in a way that is absurd in the light of what we already know from the point of view of mathematical practice. Then I offer a positive methodological proposal about the (...)
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  34.  73
    Philosophy of Mathematics and Natural Science.Hermann Weyl - 1949 - Princeton University Press.
    This is a book that no one but Weyl could have written--and, indeed, no one has written anything quite like it since.
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  35.  7
    Philosophy of Nature.John Myhill - 1950 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 11 (2):268-271.
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  36.  8
    Philosophy of Nature[REVIEW]W. C. C. - 1950 - Journal of Philosophy 47 (22):644-644.
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  37.  17
    Alfred Russel Wallace: Philosophy of Nature and Man.Roger Smith - 1972 - British Journal for the History of Science 6 (2):177-199.
    Historians of the Victorian period have begun to re-evaluate the general background and impact of Darwin's theory of the origin of species by means of natural selection. An emerging picture suggests that the Darwinian theory of evolution was only one aspect of a more general change in intellectual positions. It is possible to summarize two correlated developments in the second half of the nineteenth century: the seculariszation of majors areas of thought, and the increasing breakdown of a common intellectual milieu. (...)
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  38.  2
    Philosophy of Nature.A. Cornelius Benjamin - 1953 - Philosophical Review 62 (1):140.
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  39.  71
    Review of Paul Feyerabend, Philosophy of Nature.Ian James Kidd - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 13 (2):281-285.
  40.  85
    Husserl's Later Philosophy of Natural Science.Patrick A. Heelan - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (3):368-390.
    Husserl argues in the Crisis that the prevalent tradition of positive science in his time had a philosophical core, called by him "Galilean science", that mistook the quest for objective theory with the quest for truth. Husserl is here referring to Gottingen science of the Golden Years. For Husserl, theory "grows" out of the "soil" of the prescientific, that is, pretheoretical, life-world. Scientific truth finally is to be sought not in theory but rather in the pragmatic-perceptual praxes of measurement. Husserl (...)
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  41.  1
    The Modeling of Nature: Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Nature in Synthesis.William A. Wallace - 1996 - Catholic University of Amer Press.
    The Modeling of Nature provides an excellent introduction to the fundamentals of natural philosophy, psychology, logic, and epistemology.
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  42.  10
    Hegel's "Philosophy of Nature".William P. D. Wightman - 1971 - Philosophy 46 (178):355-357.
    This is a much-needed reissue of the standard English translation of Hegel's Philosophy of Nature, originally published in 1970. The Philosophy of Nature is the second part of Hegel's Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, all of which is now available in English from OUP. Hegel's aim in this work is to interpret the varied phenomena of Nature from the standpoint of a dialectical logic. Those who still think of Hegel as a merely a priori philosopher (...)
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  43. Philosophy of Science Naturalized.Ronald N. Giere - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):331-356.
    In arguing a "role for history," Kuhn was proposing a naturalized philosophy of science. That, I argue, is the only viable approach to the philosophy of science. I begin by exhibiting the main general objections to a naturalistic approach. These objections, I suggest, are equally powerful against nonnaturalistic accounts. I review the failure of two nonnaturalistic approaches, methodological foundationism (Carnap, Reichenbach, and Popper) and metamethodology (Lakatos and Laudan). The correct response, I suggest, is to adopt an "evolutionary perspective." (...)
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  44.  82
    Beyond Environmentalism: A Philosophy of Nature.Jeffrey E. Foss - 2008 - Wiley.
    Beyond Environmentalism is the first book of its kind to present a timely and relevant analysis of environmentalism.
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  45.  1
    Philosophy of Nature.M. Schlick - 1950 - Philosophy of Science 17 (4):361-361.
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  46.  50
    Reinventing the Philosophy of Nature.John J. Compton - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics 33 (1):3 - 28.
    PHILOSOPHY of nature is not currently considered standard fare in philosophy. Rather than the title of an area of inquiry, it has become the name of an isolated historical phenomenon—the Naturphilosophie of Schelling, Goethe, and Hegel, or a label for some school doctrine—the continuing tradition built upon the first books of Aristotle’s Physics or the newer one rooted in Whitehead’s Process and Reality. Philosophers do not typically see these systems of thought in terms of a common problematic, (...)
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  47.  5
    Philosophy of Mathematics and Natural Science. [REVIEW]E. N. - 1951 - Journal of Philosophy 48 (2):48.
  48.  7
    Montesquieu and the Philosophy of Natural Law.Mark H. Waddicor - 1970 - The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
    In the last hundred years, the philosophy of natural law has suffered a fate that could hardly have been envisaged by the seventeenth and eighteenth century exponents of its universality and eternity: it has become old-fashioned. The positivists and the Marxists were happy to throw eternal moral ity out of the window, confident that some magic temporal harmony would eventually follow Progress in by the front door. Their hopes may not have been fully realized, but they did succeed in (...)
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  49. Proclus on the Order of Philosophy of Nature.Marije Martijn - 2010 - Synthese 174 (2):205 - 223.
    In this paper I show that Proclus is an adherent of the Classical Model of Science as set out elsewhere in this issue (de Jong and Betti 2008), and that he adjusts certain conditions of the Model to his Neoplatonic epistemology and metaphysics. In order to show this, I develop a case study concerning philosophy of nature, which, despite its unstable subject matter, Proclus considers to be a science. To give this science a firm foundation Proclus distills from (...)
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  50.  14
    Vital Forces and Organization: Philosophy of Nature and Biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer.Andrea Gambarotto - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 48:12-20.
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