Results for 'Robert Magneson Chiles'

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  1.  50
    If They Come, We Will Build It: In Vitro Meat and the Discursive Struggle Over Future Agrofood Expectations.Robert Magneson Chiles - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (4):511-523.
    According to recent literature in the sociology of expectations, expectations about the future are “performative” in that they provide guidance for activities, attract attention, mobilize political and economic resources, coordinate between groups, link technical and social concerns, create visions, and enroll supporters. While this framework has blossomed over the past decade in science and technology studies, it has yet to be applied towards a more refined understanding of how the future of the modern agrofood system is being actively contested and (...)
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  2.  15
    Why is Meat so Important in Western History and Culture? A Genealogical Critique of Biophysical and Political-Economic Explanations.Robert M. Chiles & Amy J. Fitzgerald - 2018 - Agriculture and Human Values 35 (1):1-17.
    How did meat emerge to become such an important feature in Western society? In both popular and academic literatures, biophysical and political-economic factors are often cited as the reason for meat’s preeminent status. In this paper, we perform a comprehensive investigation of these claims by reviewing the available evidence on the political-economic and biophysical features of meat over the long arc of Western history. We specifically focus on nine critical epochs: the Paleolithic, early to late Neolithic, antiquity, ancient Israel and (...)
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  3.  8
    Food System Fragility and Resilience in the Aftermath of Disruption and Controversy.Robert Chiles - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (6):1021-1042.
    Discussions about “disruptive” food controversies abound in popular and academic literatures, particularly with respect to meat production and consumption, yet there is little scholarship examining what makes an event disruptive in the first instance. Filling this gap will improve our understanding of how food controversies unfold and why certain issues may be more likely to linger in the public consciousness as opposed to others. I address these questions by using focus groups and in-depth interviews to analyze five potentially upsetting topics: (...)
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  4.  6
    Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Agriculture: Reconciling the Epistemological, Ethical, Political, and Practical Challenges.Robert M. Chiles, Eileen E. Fabian, Daniel Tobin, Scott J. Colby & S. Molly DePue - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (3):341-348.
    The purpose of this paper is to provide further clarity to the technical and policy difficulties associated with mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture by identifying and distilling the core tensions which propagate and animate them. We argue that these complexities exist across four critical dimensions: the epistemological, the ethical, the political, and the practical. Adequately confronting the challenge of agricultural emissions will require improved transparency in emissions measurement, increased science communication, enhanced public participatory mechanisms, and the integration of ethical (...)
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  5.  34
    Moral Justifications - An Experiment.Robert E. Chiles - 1996 - Teaching Philosophy 19 (2):155-165.
    This paper is an outline of a semester long experiment with students in a bioethics course at the College of Staten Island. The experiment traces the complexities students face in moral reasoning. The author recounts the specific moral questions that arose amidst efforts to construct a collaborative list of definitions for terms of moral justification. The project contributed to students’ general knowledge of bioethics and its principles of judgments. The intensive engagement with the principles of moral justification allowed students to (...)
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  6.  22
    The Philosophy They Bring To Class.Robert E. Chiles - 1997 - Teaching Philosophy 20 (1):61-69.
    How does one teach an Intro to Philosophy course without a text? Having discovered that textbooks would not arrive until the third week of the semester, the author designed a course which strove to emphasize writing skills while still capturing students’ attention. Students wrote a short “Personal Philosophy” paper in which they shared their commitments regarding rationality, freedom, ethics, science, the existence of God, the value of life, and aesthetics, and then explained the sources of their beliefs. This paper was (...)
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  7.  47
    ROBERT, Jean-Dominique, O.P., Philosophie Et Sciences Humaines.Jean-Dominique Robert - 1981 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 37 (1):109-109.
  8.  45
    The Developmental Programme - Concept or Muddle?Programmes for Development, Genes, Chromosomes and Computer Models in Developmental Biology. Edited by Alma Swan, HERBERT Macgregor and Robert Ransom.J. Embryol. Exp. Morph. Volume 83 Supplement. The Company of Biologists Ltd, Cambridge, 1984. Pp. 369. �12.00, $23.00. [REVIEW]J. Robert & S. Whittle - 1986 - Bioessays 5 (2):91-92.
  9.  30
    Hellenica: Recueil d'Épigraphie de Numismatique Et d'Antiquités Grecques. Vol. I. By L. Robert. Pp. 155. Paris: A. Bontemps, 1940. [REVIEW]J. M. R. Cormack, L. Robert & Hellenica - 1944 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 64:108-109.
  10.  16
    Hellenica: Recueil d'Épigraphie, de Numismatique Et d'Antiquités Grecques, VII. By L. Robert. Pp. 254; Pl. 24. Paris: Librairie Adrien-Maisonneuve, 1949. [REVIEW]M. N. Tod & L. Robert - 1950 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 70:81-82.
  11. Free Will and Indeterminism: Robert Kane's Libertarianism.Robert Francis Allen - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30:341-355.
    Drawing on Aristotle’s notion of “ultimate responsibility,” Robert Kane argues that to be exercising a free will an agent must have taken some character forming decisions for which there were no sufficient conditions or decisive reasons.1 That is, an agent whose will is free not only had the ability to develop other dispositions, but could have exercised that ability without being irrational. To say it again, a person has a free will just in case her character is the product (...)
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  12. The Active Nature of the Soul in Sense Perception: Robert Kilwardby and Peter Olivi.Juhana Toivanen & José Filipe Silva - 2010 - Vivarium 48 (3):245-278.
    This article discusses the theories of perception of Robert Kilwardby and Peter of John Olivi. Our aim is to show how in challenging certain assumptions of medieval Aristotelian theories of perception they drew on Augustine and argued for the active nature of the soul in sense perception. For both Kilwardby and Olivi, the soul is not passive with respect to perceived objects; rather, it causes its own cognitive acts with respect to external objects and thus allows the subject to (...)
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  13.  92
    The Mathematical Theory of Categories in Biology and the Concept of Natural Equivalence in Robert Rosen.Franck Varenne - 2013 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 66 (1):167-197.
    The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze the epistemological justification of a proposal initially made by the biomathematician Robert Rosen in 1958. In this theoretical proposal, Rosen suggests using the mathematical concept of “category” and the correlative concept of “natural equivalence” in mathematical modeling applied to living beings. Our questions are the following: According to Rosen, to what extent does the mathematical notion of category give access to more “natural” formalisms in the modeling of living beings? (...)
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  14.  72
    The Romantic Conception of Robert J. Richards.Ruse Michael - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (1):3 - 23.
    In his new book, "The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and Philosophy in the Age of Goethe," Robert J. Richards argues that Charles Darwin's true evolutionary roots lie in the German Romantic biology that flourished around the beginning of the nineteenth century. It is argued that Richards is quite wrong in this claim and that Darwin's roots are in the British society within which he was born, educated, and lived.
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  15.  59
    The Implications of Robert Brandom's Inferentialism for Intellectual History.David L. Marshall - 2013 - History and Theory 52 (1):1-31.
    Quentin Skinner’s appropriation of speech act theory for intellectual history has been extremely influential. Even as the model continues to be important for historians, however, philosophers now regard the original speech act theory paradigm as dated. Are there more recent initiatives that might reignite theoretical work in this area? This article argues that the inferentialism of Robert Brandom is one of the most interesting contemporary philosophical projects with historical implications. It shows how Brandom’s work emerged out of the broad (...)
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  16.  50
    Eschatology and Entropy: An Alternative to Robert John Russell's Proposal.Klaus Nürnberger - 2012 - Zygon 47 (4):970-996.
    Traditional eschatology clashes with the theory of entropy. Trying to bridge the gap, Robert John Russell assumes that theology and science are based on contradictory, yet equally valid, metaphysical assumptions, each one capable of questioning and impacting the other. The author doubts that Russell's proposal will convince empirically oriented scientists and attempts to provide a viable alternative. Historical‐critical analysis suggests that biblical future expectations were redemptive responses to changing human needs. Apocalyptic visions were occasioned by heavy suffering in postexilic (...)
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  17.  94
    Robots and Reality: A Reply to Robert Sparrow.Russell Blackford - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (1):41-51.
    We commonly identify something seriously defective in a human life that is lived in ignorance of important but unpalatable truths. At the same time, some degree of misapprehension of reality may be necessary for individual health and success. Morally speaking, it is unclear just how insistent we should be about seeking the truth. Robert Sparrow has considered such issues in discussing the manufacture and marketing of robot ‘pets’, such as Sony’s doglike ‘AIBO’ toy and whatever more advanced devices may (...)
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  18.  66
    Book Review: Robert Audi, 'Moral Perception'. [REVIEW]Danny Frederick - 2015 - Reason Papers 37 (1):164-69.
    I summarise Robert Audi's 'Moral Perception.' I concede that there is such a thing as moral perception. However, moral perceptions are culturally-relative, which refutes Audi’s claims that moral perception may ground moral knowledge and that it provides inter-subjectively accessible grounds which make ethical objectivity possible. Audi's attempt to avoid the refutation tends to convert rational disputes into ad hominem ones. I illustrate that with the example of the ethics of prostitution.
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  19.  40
    Many Windows: Reflections on Robert Ulanowicz’s Search for Meaning in Science.William Grassie - 2012 - Axiomathes 22 (2):195-205.
    This paper is an extended discussion of Robert Ulanowicz’s critique of mechanistic and reductionistic metaphysics of science. He proposes “process ecology” as an alternative. In this paper I discuss four sets of question coming out of Ulanowicz’s proposal. First, I argue that universality remains one of the hallmarks of the scientific enterprise even with his new process metaphysics. I then discuss the Second Law of Thermodynamics in the interpretation of the history of the universe. I question Ulanowicz’s use of (...)
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  20. Robert Kane, Free Will, and Neuro-Indeterminism.Roksana Alavi - 2005 - Philo 8 (2):95-108.
    In this paper I argue that Robert Kane’s defense of event-causal libertarianism, as presented in Responsibility, Luck, and Chance: Reflections on Free Will and Indeterminism, fails because his event-causal reconstruction is incoherent. I focus on the notions of efforts and self-forming actions essential to his defense.
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  21.  77
    God and Nature in the Thought of Robert Boyle.Timothy Shanahan - 1988 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (4):547-569.
    THERE IS WIDESPREAD AGREEMENT among historians that the writings of Robert Boyle (1697-1691) constitute a valuable archive for understanding the concerns of seventeenth-century British natural philosophers. His writings have often been seen as representing, in one fashion or another, all of the leading intellectual currents of his day. ~ There is somewhat less consensus, however, on the proper historiographic method for interpreting these writings, as well as on the specific details of the beliefs expressed in them. Studies seeking to (...)
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  22.  48
    Hegelians Axel Honneth and Robert Williams on the Development of Human Morality.Rauno Huttunen - 2012 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 31 (4):339-355.
    An individual is in the lowest phase of moral development if he thinks only of his own personal interest and has only his own selfish agenda in his mind as he encounters other humans. This lowest phase corresponds well with sixteenth century British moral egoism which reflects the rise of the new economic order. Adam Smith (1723–1790) wanted to defend this new economic order which is based on economic exchange between egoistic individuals. Nevertheless, he surely did not want to support (...)
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  23. Intrinsic Goodness and Contingency, Resemblance and Particularity: Two Criticisms of Robert Adams's Finite and Infinite Goods.David Decosimo - 2012 - Studies in Christian Ethics 25 (4):418-441.
    Robert Adams’s Finite and Infinite Goods is one of the most important and innovative contributions to theistic ethics in recent memory. This article identifies two major flaws at the heart of Adams’s theory: his notion of intrinsic value and his claim that ‘excellence’ or finite goodness is constituted by resemblance to God. I first elucidate Adams’s complex, frequently misunderstood claims concerning intrinsic value and Godlikeness. I then contend that Adams’s notion of intrinsic value cannot explain what it could mean (...)
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  24. Théorie mathématique des catégories en biologie et notion d’équivalence naturelle chez Robert Rosen.Franck Varenne - 2013 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 66 (1):167-197.
    The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze the epistemological justification of a proposal initially made by the bio-mathematician Robert Rosen in 1958. In this theoretical proposal, Rosen suggests using the mathematical concept of « category » and the correlative concept of « natural equivalence » in mathematical modeling applied to living beings. Our questions are the following: according to Rosen, to what extent does the mathematical notion of category give access to more « natural » formalisms (...)
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  25.  46
    ‘Is Getting Well Ever An Art?’: Psychopharmacology and Madness in Robert Lowell’s Day by Day. [REVIEW]Isabelle Travis - 2011 - Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (4):315-324.
    On the publication of Robert Lowell’s Life Studies in 1959, some critics were shocked by the poet’s use of seemingly frank autobiographical material, in particular the portrayal of his hospitalizations for bipolar disorder. During the late fifties and throughout the sixties, a rich vein, influenced by Lowell , developed in American poetry. Also during this time, the nascent science of psychopharmacology competed with and complemented the more established somatic treatments, such as psychosurgery, shock treatments, and psychoanalytical therapies. The development (...)
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  26.  63
    Robert Grosseteste's Conclusiones and the Commentary on the Posterior Analytics.David Bloch - 2009 - Vivarium 47 (1):1-23.
    This article examines the nature of Robert Grosseteste's commentary on Aristotle's Posterior Analytics with particular reference to his “conclusions” . It is argued that the simple demonstrative appearance of the commentary, which is very much the result of the 64 conclusions, is in part an illusion. Thus, the exposition in the commentary is not simply based on the strict principles of the Posterior Analytics and on the proof-procedures of Euclidean geometry; rather the commentary is a complicated mixture of different (...)
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  27.  80
    Religion, and Not Just Religious Reasons, in the Public Square: A Consideration of Robert Audi’s and Nicholas Wolterstorff’s Religion in the Public Square.Kevin Carnahan - 2013 - Philosophia 41 (2):397-409.
    For the last several decades, philosophers have wrestled with the proper place of religion in liberal societies. Usually, the debates among these philosophers have started with the articulation of various conceptions of liberalism and then proceeded to locate religion in the context of these conceptions. In the process, however, too little attention has been paid to the way religion is conceived. Drawing on the work of Robert Audi and Nicholas Wolterstorff, two scholars who are often read as holding opposing (...)
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  28.  26
    Crítica de la economía política, más allá del marxismo tradicional: Moishe Postone y Robert Kurz.Jordi Maiso & Eduardo Maura - 2014 - Isegoría 50:269-284.
    El presente texto pretende presentar dos propuestas de actualización de la crítica de la economía política marxiana: las de Moishe Postone y Robert Kurz. Sus planteamientos, gestados a partir de los años ochenta, ofrecen claves para superar las insuficiencias del marxismo tradicional y abren perspectivas fructíferas para actualizar la teoría crítica. Partiendo de una reinterpretación común de las categorías de Marx, ambos autores presentan sin embargo diagnósticos diferentes: mientras Postone incide en cómo el capitalismo origina la posibilidad de un (...)
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  29.  62
    Bernhard von Clairvaux, Robert von Melun und die Anfange des mittelalterlichen Voluntarismus.Matthias Perkams - 2012 - Vivarium 50 (1):1-32.
    Abstract Two distinguishing marks of voluntaristic conceptions of human action can be found already in the 12th century, not only in the work of Bonaventura's successors: 1. the will is free to act against reasons's dictates; 2. moral responsibility depends on this conception of the will's freedom. A number of theologians from the 1130s to the 1170s accepted those claims, which have been originally formulated by Bernard of Clairvaux. Robert of Melun elaborated them in a systematical way and coined (...)
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  30.  45
    ‘Misfortune's Image‘: The Cinematic Representation of Trauma in Robert Bresson's Mouchette.Mark Cresswell & Zulfia Karimova - 2013 - Film-Philosophy 17 (1):154-176.
    This paper asks questions about 'trauma' and its cultural representation specifically, trauma's representation in the cinema. In this respect, it compares and contrasts the work of Robert Bresson, in particular his 1967 masterpiece, Mouchette , with contemporary Hollywood film. James Mangold's 1999 'Oscar-winning' Girl, Interrupted offers an interesting example for cultural comparison. In both Mouchette and Girl, Interrupted the subject matter includes, amongst other traumatic experiences, rape, childhood abuse and suicide. The paper ponders the question of whether such aspects (...)
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  31.  25
    Robert Grosseteste.James McEvoy - 2000 - Oup Usa.
    Robert Grosseteste was the initiator of the English scientific tradition, one of the first chancellors of Oxford University, and a famous teacher and commentator on the newly discovered works of Aristotle. In this book, James McEvoy provides the first general, inclusive overview of the entire range of Grosseteste's massive intellectual achievement.
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  32.  43
    Review:" Przewodnik Po Filozofii Umysłu (Companion to the Philosophy of Mind)," by Marcin Miłkowski and Robert Poczobut. [REVIEW]Tomasz Szubart - 2012 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 17 (1):113-115.
    This article reviews Marcin Miłkowski and Robert Poczobut, Przewodnik po filozofii umysłu [Companion to the Philosophy of Mind].
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  33.  55
    Review of Robert Spaemann's Persons. [REVIEW]Arthur Madigan - 2010 - Journal of Religious Ethics 38 (2):373-392.
    This review presents the principal themes of Robert Spaemann's Persons: The Difference between ‘Someone’ and ‘Something.’ To be a person is not to be identical with one's teleological nature, but rather, to have that nature. Personal consciousness is necessarily temporal consciousness. Persons have a range of distinctively personal acts, such as recognizing and respecting one another, understanding their lives as wholes, making judgments of conscience, promising, and forgiving. All members of the human species, whatever their stage of development or (...)
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  34.  25
    Re-Reading Robert E. Park on Social Evolution: An Early Darwinian Conception of Society.Hendrik Wortmann - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (1):69-79.
    Although Darwinian concepts have largely been banned from the social sciences of the last century, they have recently seen a revival in several disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, or economics. Most of the current proponents of evolutionary theorizing in the social sciences avoid references to the older literature on social evolution. On that background, this article presents a contribution to Darwinist thinking in early American sociology that has mainly been overlooked in the literature. As the leading figure of the Human (...)
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  35. ‘‘‘Hegel, Formalism, and Robert Turner’s Ceramic Art’.Kenneth R. Westphal - 1997 - Jahrbuch für Hegelforschung 3:259–283.
    Hegel’s aesthetic ideal is the perfect integration of form and content within a work of art. This ideal is incompatible with the predominant 20th-century principle of formalist criticism, that form is the sole important factor in a work of art. Although the formalist dichotomy between form and content has been criticized on philosophical grounds, that does not suffice to justify Hegel’s ideal. Justifying Hegel’s ideal requires detailed art criticism that shows how form and content are, and why they should be, (...)
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  36. Walter Robert Corti Worte der Freundschaft Und Dankbarkeit Zu Seinem Sechzigsten Geburtstag Am 11. September 1970. Hrsg. Von Dino Larese Und Hermann Strehler. [REVIEW]Walter Robert Corti, Hermann Strehler & Dino Larese - 1969 - Zollikofer].
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  37.  21
    L’État Et la Justice: Les Problèmes Éthiques Et Politiques Dans la Philosophie Anglo-Saxonne John Rawls Et Robert Nozick.Otfried Höffe - 1988 - Vrin.
    les problèmes éthiques et politiques dans la philosophie anglo-saxonne John Rawls et Robert Nozick Otfried Höffe. PRÉFACE Depuis quelque temps se manifeste un intérêt croissant des milieux philosophiques pour des questions d' éthique ...
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  38. Oikeiosis Festschrift Für Robert Spaemann.Reinhard Löw & Robert Spaemann - 1987
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  39. Robert Smithson Une Rétrospective : Le Paysage Entropique, 1960-1973 : 22 Avril-13 Juin 1993, Ivam, Centre Julio Gonzalez, Valence [Et] 17 Juin-28 Ao Ut 1994, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Bruxelles [Et] 23 Septembre-11 Décembre 1994, Mac, Galeries Contemporaines des Musées de Marseille. [REVIEW]Robert Smithson, Belgium) Ivam Centre Julio González & Musées de Marseille - 1994
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  40. Robert Winchelsey and His Place in the Intellectual Movement of Thirteenth Century Oxford, with an Edition of His Quaestiones in Ms. Magdalen College Library, Oxford 217.A. J. C. Smith & Robert Winchelsey - 1950
  41.  58
    Robert Pippin's Hegel’s Realm of Shadows: Logic as Metaphysics in the Science of Logic. [REVIEW]Charlotte Baumann - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-4.
  42. On Considering a Possible World as Actual: Robert Stalnaker.Robert Stalnaker - 2001 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 75 (1):141-156.
    [Robert Stalnaker] Saul Kripke made a convincing case that there are necessary truths that are knowable only a posteriori as well as contingent truths that are knowable a priori. A number of philosophers have used a two-dimensional model semantic apparatus to represent and clarify the phenomena that Kripke pointed to. According to this analysis, statements have truth-conditions in two different ways depending on whether one considers a possible world 'as actual' or 'as counterfactual' in determining the truth-value of the (...)
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  43. Normative Phenomenalism: On Robert Brandom's Practice‐Based Explanation of Meaning.Ronald Loeffler - 2005 - European Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):32-69.
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  44. Why is the Amphibian Status of the Human Unavoidable? Some Remarks on Robert Pippin's "After the Beautiful".Italo Testa - 2015 - Lebenswelt: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Experience 7:21-27.
  45. Entitlement Theories of Justice: From Nozick to Roemer and Beyond: Robert J. Van der Veen & Philippe Van Parijs.Robert J. van der Veen - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (1):69-81.
    In Anarchy, State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick contrasts entitlement theories of justice and “traditional” theories such as Rawls', utilitarianism or egalitarianism, and advocates the former against the latter. What exactly is an entitlement theory of justice? Nozick's book offers two distinct characterizations. On the one hand, he explicitly describes “the general outlines of the entitlement theory” as maintaining “that the holdings of a person are just if he is entitled to them by the principles of justice in acquisition and (...)
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  46. Topology and Life Redux: Robert Rosen’s Relational Diagrams of Living Systems. [REVIEW]A. H. Louie & Stephen W. Kercel - 2007 - Axiomathes 17 (2):109-136.
    Algebraic/topological descriptions of living processes are indispensable to the understanding of both biological and cognitive functions. This paper presents a fundamental algebraic description of living/cognitive processes and exposes its inherent ambiguity. Since ambiguity is forbidden to computation, no computational description can lend insight to inherently ambiguous processes. The impredicativity of these models is not a flaw, but is, rather, their strength. It enables us to reason with ambiguous mathematical representations of ambiguous natural processes. The noncomputability of these structures means computerized (...)
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  47.  32
    Setting a New Standard: The Person‐Centered Interviewing and Observation of Robert I. Levy.Douglas Hollan - 2005 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 33 (4):459-466.
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  48.  38
    Hypocognition, a “Sense of the Uncanny,” and the Anthropology of Ambiguity: Reflections on Robert I. Levy's Contribution to Theories of Experience in Anthropology.C. Jason Throop - 2005 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 33 (4):499-511.
  49.  18
    Robert Richards, Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior Reviewed By.William A. Rottschaefer - 1988 - Philosophy in Review 8 (7):285-287.
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  50.  53
    Marx, Lenin and Pashukanis on Self-Determination: Response to Robert Knox.Bill Bowring - 2011 - Historical Materialism 19 (2):113-127.
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