Results for 'Science ethics'

997 found
Order:
See also
  1.  43
    Guidelines for Research Ethics in Science and Technology.National Committee for Research Ethics in Science & Technology - 2009 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Improving Epistemological Beliefs and Moral Judgment Through an STS-Based Science Ethics Education Program.Hyemin Han & Changwoo Jeong - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (1):197-220.
    This study develops a Science–Technology–Society (STS)-based science ethics education program for high school students majoring in or planning to major in science and engineering. Our education program includes the fields of philosophy, history, sociology and ethics of science and technology, and other STS-related theories. We expected our STS-based science ethics education program to promote students’ epistemological beliefs and moral judgment development. These psychological constructs are needed to properly solve complicated moral and social (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  3.  33
    Developing a Scientific Virtue-Based Approach to Science Ethics Training.Robert T. Pennock & Michael O’Rourke - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (1):243-262.
    Responsible conduct of research training typically includes only a subset of the issues that ought to be included in science ethics and sometimes makes ethics appear to be a set of externally imposed rules rather than something intrinsic to scientific practice. A new approach to science ethics training based upon Pennock’s notion of the scientific virtues may help avoid such problems. This paper motivates and describes three implementations—theory-centered, exemplar-centered, and concept-centered—that we have developed in courses (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  4.  82
    Scientific Misconduct and Science Ethics: A Case Study Based Approach.Luca Consoli - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3):533-541.
    The Schön misconduct case has been widely publicized in the media and has sparked intense discussions within and outside the scientific community about general issues of science ethics. This paper analyses the Report of the official Committee charged with the investigation in order to show that what at first seems to be a quite uncontroversial case, turns out to be an accumulation of many interesting and non-trivial questions (of both ethical and philosophical interest). In particular, the paper intends (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  5.  13
    A Gendered Approach to Science Ethics for US and UK Physicists.Elaine Howard Ecklund & Di Di - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (1):183-201.
    Some research indicates that women professionals—when compared to men—may be more ethical in the workplace. Existing literature that discusses gender and ethics is confined to the for-profit business sector and primarily to a US context. In particular, there is little attention paid to gender and ethics in science professions in a global context. This represents a significant gap, as science is a rapidly growing and global professional sector, as well as one with ethically ambiguous areas. Adopting (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  13
    Connecting Past with Present: A Mixed-Methods Science Ethics Course and its Evaluation.Ioanna Semendeferi, Panagiotis Tsiamyrtzis, Malcolm Dcosta & Ioannis Pavlidis - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):251-274.
    We present a graduate science ethics course that connects cases from the historical record to present realities and practices in the areas of social responsibility, authorship, and human/animal experimentation. This content is delivered with mixed methods, including films, debates, blogging, and practicum; even the instructional team is mixed, including a historian of science and a research scientist. What really unites all of the course’s components is the experiential aspect: from acting in historical debates to participating in the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  52
    Basing Science Ethics on Respect for Human Dignity.Mehmet Aközer & Emel Aközer - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (6):1627-1647.
    A “no ethics” principle has long been prevalent in science and has demotivated deliberation on scientific ethics. This paper argues the following: An understanding of a scientific “ethos” based on actual “value preferences” and “value repugnances” prevalent in the scientific community permits and demands critical accounts of the “no ethics” principle in science. The roots of this principle may be traced to a repugnance of human dignity, which was instilled at a historical breaking point in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  8.  13
    A Quantitative Perspective on Ethics in Large Team Science.Alexander M. Petersen, Ioannis Pavlidis & Ioanna Semendeferi - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):923-945.
    The gradual crowding out of singleton and small team science by large team endeavors is challenging key features of research culture. It is therefore important for the future of scientific practice to reflect upon the individual scientist’s ethical responsibilities within teams. To facilitate this reflection we show labor force trends in the US revealing a skewed growth in academic ranks and increased levels of competition for promotion within the system; we analyze teaming trends across disciplines and national borders demonstrating (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  9. Science, Human Nature, and a New Paradigm for Ethics Education.Marc Lampe - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):543-549.
    For centuries, religion and philosophy have been the primary basis for efforts to guide humans to be more ethical. However, training in ethics and religion and imparting positive values and morality tests such as those emanating from the categorical imperative and the Golden Rule have not been enough to protect humankind from its bad behaviors. To improve ethics education educators must better understand aspects of human nature such as those that lead to “self-deception” and “personal bias.” Through rationalizations, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  10.  24
    The Walkshop Approach to Science and Technology Ethics.Fern Wickson, Roger Strand & Kamilla Lein Kjølberg - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (1):241-264.
    In research and teaching on ethical aspects of emerging sciences and technologies, the structure of working environments, spaces and relationships play a significant role. Many of the routines and standard practices of academic life, however, do little to actively explore and experiment with these elements. They do even less to address the importance of contextual and embodied dimensions of thinking. To engage these dimensions, we have benefitted significantly from practices that take us out of seminar rooms, offices and laboratories as (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  11.  64
    Reverence and Ethics in Science.Jeffrey Kovac - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):745-756.
    Codes of ethics abound in science, but the question of why such codes should be obeyed is rarely asked. Various reasons for obeying a professional code have been proposed, but all are unsatisfactory in that they do not really motivate behavior. This article suggests that the long forgotten virtue of reverence provides both a reason to obey a professional code and motivation to do so. In addition, it discusses the importance of reverence as a cardinal virtue for scientists (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  55
    On Teaching Computer Ethics Within a Computer Science Department.Michael J. Quinn - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):335-343.
    The author has surveyed a quarter of the accredited undergraduate computer science programs in the United States. More than half of these programs offer a “social and ethical implications of computing” course taught by a computer science faculty member, and there appears to be a trend toward teaching ethics classes within computer science departments. Although the decision to create an “in house” computer ethics course may sometimes be a pragmatic response to pressure from the accreditation (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  27
    Moving Life Science Ethics Debates Beyond National Borders: Some Empirical Observations.Louise Bezuidenhout - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):445-467.
    The life sciences are increasingly being called on to produce “socially robust” knowledge that honors the social contract between science and society. This has resulted in the emergence of a number of “broad social issues” that reflect the ethical tensions in these social contracts. These issues are framed in a variety of ways around the world, evidenced by differences in regulations addressing them. It is important to question whether these variations are simply regulatory variations or in fact reflect a (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  43
    Summary: The Budapest Meeting 2005 Intensified Networking on Ethics of Science.Guido Van Steendam, András Dinnyés, Jacques Mallet, Rolando Meloni, Carlos Romeo Casabona, Jorge Guerra González, Josef Kuře, Eörs Szathmáry, Jan Vorstenbosch, Péter Molnár, David Edbrooke, Judit Sándor, Ferenc Oberfrank, Ron Cole-Turner, István Hargittai & Beate Littig - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3):415-420.
    This paper reports on the meeting of the Sounding Board of the EU Reprogenetics Project that was held in Budapest, Hungary, 6–9 November 2005. The Reprogenetics Project runs from 2004 until 2007 and has a brief to study the ethical aspects of human reproductive cloning and germline gene therapy. Discussions during The Budapest Meeting are reported in depth in this paper as well as the initiatives to involve the participating groups and others in ongoing collaborations with the goal of forming (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  11
    Transatlantic Divergences in Citizen Science Ethics—Comparative Analysis of the DIYbio Code of Ethics Drafts of 2011.Kathleen Eggleson - 2014 - NanoEthics 8 (2):187-192.
    Codes of ethics were drafted by participants in the European and North American Congresses of DIYbio, a single global organization of informal biotechnology practitioners, in 2011. In general, the existence of a code of ethics amongst a community is itself significant. Codes of professional ethics are common in scientific and engineering fields, as well as in DIY communities. It is also significant, and highly unusual, that DIYbio has maintained two separate codes of ethics years after their (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  16. Nano-Ethics as NEST-Ethics: Patterns of Moral Argumentation About New and Emerging Science and Technology. [REVIEW]Tsjalling Swierstra & Arie Rip - 2007 - NanoEthics 1 (1):3-20.
    There might not be a specific nano-ethics, but there definitely is an ethics of new & emerging science and technology (NEST), with characteristic tropes and patterns of moral argumentation. Ethical discussion in and around nanoscience and technology reflects such NEST-ethics. We offer an inventory of the arguments, and show patterns in their evolution, in arenas full of proponents and opponents. We also show that there are some nano-specific issues: in how size matters, and when agency is (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   56 citations  
  17.  58
    Case Studies in Library and Information Science Ethics.Elizabeth A. Buchanan - 2008 - Mcfarland & Co..
    "This work is a valuable casebook, specifically for library and information science professionals, that presents numerous case studies that combine theories of ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18.  7
    A Gendered Approach to Science Ethics for US and UK Physicists.Elaine di DiEcklund - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (1):183-201.
    Some research indicates that women professionals—when compared to men—may be more ethical in the workplace. Existing literature that discusses gender and ethics is confined to the for-profit business sector and primarily to a US context. In particular, there is little attention paid to gender and ethics in science professions in a global context. This represents a significant gap, as science is a rapidly growing and global professional sector, as well as one with ethically ambiguous areas. Adopting (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  27
    Ethics and the Responsibility of Science.Kathinka Evers - 2000 - Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (1):131-142.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  20.  42
    Science, Ethics, and the Human Spirit.William B. Hurlbut - 2006 - In Philip Clayton (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 872-887.
    Accession Number: ATLA0001713200; Hosting Book Page Citation: p 872-887.; Language(s): English; General Note: Bibliography: p 887.; Issued by ATLA: 20130825; Publication Type: Essay.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  15
    Elizabeth A. Buchanan and Kathrine A. Henderson: Case Studies in Library and Information Science Ethics.Martha M. Smith - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (4):375-377.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  24
    Elizabeth A. Buchanan and Kathrine A. Henderson: Case Studies in Library and Information Science Ethics McFarland & Company, Jefferson, Nc, 2009, 175 Pp, Isbn: 978-0-7864-3367-. [REVIEW]Martha M. Smith - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (4):375-377.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  21
    Business Ethics: A Synthesis of Normative Philosophy and Empirical Social Science.Carroll Underwood Stephens - 1994 - Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (2):145-155.
    A synthesis of the two theoretical bases of business ethics-normative philosophy and descriptive social science-is called for. Examples from the literature are used to demonstrate that to ignore the descriptive aspects of moral behavior is to risk unreal philosophy, and that to ignore the normative aspects is to risk amoral social science. Business ethics is portrayed as a single unified field, in which fact-value distinctions are inappropriate.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  24. The Wisdom of Nature in Integrating Science, Ethics and the Arts.Anton Moser - 2000 - Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (3):365-382.
    This paper deals with an approach to the integration of science (with technology and economics), ethics (with religion and mysticism), the arts (aesthetics) and Nature, in order to establish a world-view based on holistic, evolutionary ethics that could help with problem solving. The author suggests that this integration is possible with the aid of “Nature’s wisdom” which is mirrored in the macroscopic pattern of the ecosphere. The corresponding eco-principles represent the basis for unifying soft and hard sciences (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25.  50
    Ethics and Social Science: Which Kind of Co-Operation? [REVIEW]Dieter Birnbacher - 1999 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (4):319-336.
    The relation between ethics and social science is often conceived as complementary, both disciplines cooperating in the solution of concrete moral problems. Against this, the paper argues that not only applied ethics but even certain parts of general ethics have to incorporate sociological and psychological data and theories from the start. Applied ethics depends on social science in order to asses the impact of its own principles on the concrete realities which these principles are (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations  
  26.  39
    Teaching Science and Ethics to Undergraduates: A Multidisciplinary Approach.Alan H. McGowan - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):535-543.
    The teaching of the ethical implications of scientific advances in science courses for undergraduates has significant advantages for both science and non-science majors. The article describes three courses taught by the author as examples of the concept, and examines the disadvantages as well as the advantages. A significant advantage of this approach is that many students take the courses primarily because of the ethical component who would not otherwise take science. A disadvantage is less time in (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  30
    Post-Normal Science, the Precautionary Principle and the Ethics of Integrity.Laura Westra - 1997 - Foundations of Science 2 (2):237-262.
    Present laws and regulations even in democratic countries are not sufficient to prevent the grave environmental threats we face. Further, even environmental ethics, when they remain anthropocentric cannot propose a better approach. I argue that, taking in considerations the precautionary principle, and adopting the perspective of post-normal science, the ethics of integrity suggest a better way to reduce ecological threats and promote the human good globally.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28. Normative Ethics Does Not Need a Foundation: It Needs More Science.Katinka Quintelier, Linda Van Speybroeck & Johan Braeckman - 2011 - Acta Biotheoretica 59 (1):29-51.
    The impact of science on ethics forms since long the subject of intense debate. Although there is a growing consensus that science can describe morality and explain its evolutionary origins, there is less consensus about the ability of science to provide input to the normative domain of ethics. Whereas defenders of a scientific normative ethics appeal to naturalism, its critics either see the naturalistic fallacy committed or argue that the relevance of science to (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  29. Virtue Ethics, Positive Psychology, and a New Model of Science and Engineering Ethics Education.Hyemin Han - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (2):441-460.
    This essay develops a new conceptual framework of science and engineering ethics education based on virtue ethics and positive psychology. Virtue ethicists and positive psychologists have argued that current rule-based moral philosophy, psychology, and education cannot effectively promote students’ moral motivation for actual moral behavior and may even lead to negative outcomes, such as moral schizophrenia. They have suggested that their own theoretical framework of virtue ethics and positive psychology can contribute to the effective promotion of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  30.  28
    Redefining Ecological Ethics: Science, Policy, and Philosophy at Cape Horn.Robert Frodeman - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):597-610.
    In the twentieth century, philosophy (especially within the United States) embraced the notion of disciplinary expertise: philosophical research consists of working with and writing for other philosophers. Projects that involve non-philosophers earn the deprecating title of “applied” philosophy. The University of North Texas (UNT) doctoral program in philosophy exemplifies the possibility of a new model for philosophy, where graduate students are trained in academic philosophy and in how to work with scientists, engineers, and policy makers. This “field” (rather than “applied”) (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  31.  32
    Teaching Ethics in Science and Engineering: Effective Online Education.Stephanie J. Bird & Joan E. Sieber - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):323-328.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  32. Ethics Wars”: Reflections on the Antagonism Between Bioethicists and Social Science Observers of Biomedicine1. [REVIEW]Klaus Hoeyer - 2006 - Human Studies 29 (2):203 - 227.
    Social scientists often lament the fact that philosophically trained ethicists pay limited attention to the insights they generate. This paper presents an overview of tendencies in sociological and anthropological studies of morality, ethics and bioethics, and suggests that a lack in philosophical interest might be related to a tendency among social scientists to employ either a deficit model (social science perspectives accommodate the sense of context that philosophical ethics lacks), a replacement model (social scientists have finally found (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  33.  29
    Science, Engineering and Ethics: Running Definitions.Raymond Spier - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (1):5-10.
  34.  37
    Levinas and an Ethics for Science Education.David W. Blades - 2006 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (5):647–664.
    Despite claims that STS science education promotes ethical responsibility, this approach is not supported by a clear philosophy of ethics. This paper argues that the work of Emmanuel Levinas provides an ethics suitable for an STS science education. His concept of the face of the Other redefines education as learning from the other, rather than about the other. Extrapolating the face of the Other to the non‐human world suggests an ethics for science education where (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  35. Science, Ethics and War: A Pacifist’s Perspective.Jeffrey Kovac - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):449-460.
    This article considers the ethical aspects of the question: should a scientist engage in war-related research, particularly use-inspired or applied research directed at the development of the means for the better waging of war? Because scientists are simultaneously professionals, citizens of a particular country, and human beings, they are subject to conflicting moral and practical demands. There are three major philosophical views concerning the morality of war that are relevant to this discussion: realism, just war theory and pacifism. In addition, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  28
    Ethics as a Core Competency in Science and Engineering.Stephanie J. Bird - 2003 - Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (4):443-444.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  16
    Science and the Structure of Ethics.Abraham Edel - 1961 - University of Chicago Press.
    Science and the Structure of Ethics Abraham Edel I. The Nature and Complexity of the Problem. Issues in the "Relation of Science and Ethics" Traditional ...
  38.  14
    Guidelines for Community-Based Ethics Review of Children’s Science Fair Projects.Martin Tolich - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (4):303-310.
    Low-level community based ethics committees staffed by teachers, parents and community representatives can readily review children’s science fair projects subject to the revision of two core assumptions currently governing children’s Science Fairs. The first part of the paper recasts the New Zealand Royal Society guidelines from its primary emphasis on risk to a new assumption, without benefit there can be no risk. Equally, this revision gives more prominence to the participant information sheet, allowing it to act as (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  15
    Virtue Ethics in the Conduct and Governance of Social Science Research.Nathan Emmerich (ed.) - 2018 - Emerald.
    This collection focuses on virtue theory and the ethics of social science research. A moral philosophy that has been relatively neglected in the domain of research ethics, virtue ethics has much to offer those who wish to go beyond the difficulties generated by the biomedical model of research ethics and positively engage with the ethics of social scientific research. As the chapters contained in this volume show, the perspective provided by virtue ethics also (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  48
    Ethics, Science, Technology and Engineering: A Global Resource, 2nd Edition.J. Britt Holbrook (ed.) - 2014 - Macmillan Reference USA.
    Described by Catholic World (2006) as "a treasure trove for beginning literacy" in the disciplines of science, technology, and ethics, the 2005 edition of Encyclopedia Of Science, Technology, and Ethics (ESTE) is being revised to include new analytical and interpretive essays on the events, scholarship, people, and legal decisions that have marked the period since the first edition was researched and published. In addition, to help make ESTE more global and interdisciplinary in scope and reach, the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  7
    Contesting the Science/Ethics Distinction in the Review of Clinical Research.A. J. Dawson & S. M. Yentis - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (3):165-167.
    Recent policy in relation to clinical research proposals in the UK has distinguished between two types of review: scientific and ethical. This distinction has been formally enshrined in the recent changes to research ethics committee structure and operating procedures, introduced as the UK response to the EU Directive on clinical trials. Recent reviews and recommendations have confirmed the place of the distinction and the separate review processes. However, serious reservations can be mounted about the science/ethics distinction and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  42.  12
    Organizational Justice: A Behavioral Science Concept with Critical Implications for Business Ethics and Stakeholder Theory.LaRue Tone Hosmer & Christian Kiewitz - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (1):67-91.
    Organizational justice is a behavioral science concept that refers to the perception of fairness of the past treatment of the employees within an organization held by the employees of that organization. These subjective perceptions of fairness have been empirically shown to be related to 1) attitudinal changes in job satisfaction, organizational commitment and managerial trust beliefs; 2) behavioral changes in task performance activities and ancillary extra-task efforts to assist group members and improve group methods; 3) numerical changes in the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  43.  23
    Organizational Justice: A Behavioral Science Concept with Critical Implications for Business Ethics and Stakeholder Theory.Christian Kiewitz - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (1):67-91.
    Organizational justice is a behavioral science concept that refers to the perception of fairness of the past treatment of the employees within an organization held by the employees of that organization. These subjective perceptions of fairness have been empirically shown to be related to 1) attitudinal changes in job satisfaction, organizational commitment and managerial trust beliefs; 2) behavioral changes in task performance activities and ancillary extra-task efforts to assist group members and improve group methods; 3) numerical changes in the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  44.  44
    Virtue and the Scientist: Using Virtue Ethics to Examine Science’s Ethical and Moral Challenges.Jiin-Yu Chen - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (1):75-94.
    As science has grown in size and scope, it has also presented a number of ethical and moral challenges. Approaching these challenges from an ethical framework can provide guidance when engaging with them. In this article, I place science within a virtue ethics framework, as discussed by Aristotle. By framing science within virtue ethics, I discuss what virtue ethics entails for the practicing scientist. Virtue ethics holds that each person should work towards her (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45.  46
    Fish Welfare in Aquaculture: Explicating the Chain of Interactions Between Science and Ethics[REVIEW]Bernice Bovenkerk & Franck L. B. Meijboom - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):41-61.
    Aquaculture is the fastest growing animal-production sector in the world. This leads to the question how we should guarantee fish welfare. Implementing welfare standards presupposes that we know how to weigh, define, and measure welfare. While at first glance these seem empirical questions, they cannot be answered without ethical reflection. Normative assumptions are made when weighing, defining, and measuring welfare. Moreover, the focus on welfare presupposes that welfare is a morally important concept. This in turn presupposes that we can define (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  46. Mind and Morals Essays on Cognitive Science and Ethics.Larry May, Marilyn Friedman & Andy Clark - 1996
  47. Prediction and Rolston’s Environmental Ethics: Lessons From the Philosophy of Science.William J. McKinney - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):429-440.
    Rolston (1988) argues that in order to act ethically in the environment, moral agents must assume that their actions are potentially harmful, and then strive to prove otherwise before implementing that action. In order to determine whether or not an action in the environment is harmful requires the tools of applied epistemology in order to act in accord with Rolston’s ethical prescription. This link between ethics and epistemology demands a closer look at the relationship between confirmation theory, particularly notions (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48. Good Ethics Can Sometimes Mean Better Science: Research Ethics and the Milgram Experiments.Dan McArthur - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (1):69-79.
    All agree that if the Milgram experiments were proposed today they would never receive approval from a research ethics board. However, the results of the Milgram experiments are widely cited across a broad range of academic literature from psychology to moral philosophy. While interpretations of the experiments vary, few commentators, especially philosophers, have expressed doubts about the basic soundness of the results. What I argue in this paper is that this general approach to the experiments might be in error. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49. Life Science Ethics, 2nd Ed.Gary Comstock (ed.) - 2010 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    This second edition of Life Science Ethics includes four essays not found in the first edition: -/- Richard Haynes on “Animals in Research” Stephen M. Gardiner on “Climate Change” Christopher Kelty on “Nanotechnology” Gary Comstock on “Genetically Modified Foods” -/- and a revised and expanded version of the chapter on “Farms” in which Stephen Carpenter joins Charles Taliaferro as author. -/- In addition, Part III has been thoroughly revised with the goal of focusing attention on salient examples. Three (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  57
    Croatia Founded a National Body for Ethics in Science.Livia Puljak - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (2):191-193.
    The Committee for Ethics in Science and Higher Education was created in Croatia as a national body appointed by the Parliament. Thus Croatia became one of a handful of countries with national means of responding to allegations of scientific misconduct. The Committee’s duties, with the help of the Ethics Code, include promotion of ethical norms and values in science and higher education. The CESHE will work on cases of possible research misconduct and alleged disregard for the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 997