Results for 'action theory'

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  1. Naive Action Theory.Michael Thompson - 2008 - In Life and Action. Harvard University Press.
    The question "Why?" that is deployed in these exchanges evidently bears the "special sense" Elizabeth Anscombe has linked to the concepts of intention and of a reason for action; it is the sort of question "Why?" that asks for what Donald Davidson later called a "rationalization".2 The special character of what is given, in each response, as formulating a reason ── a description, namely, of the agent as actually doing something, and, moreover, as..
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  2.  83
    Action Theory.M. Brand & Douglas N. Walton (eds.) - 1976 - Reidel.
    INTRODUCTION BY THE EDITORS Gilbert Ryle, in his Concept of Mind (1949), attacked volitional theories of human actions; JL Austin, in his "If and Cans" ...
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  3. Naturalizing Action Theory.Bence Nanay - 2014 - In Mark Sprevak & Jesper Kallestrup (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Mind. Palgrave.
    The aim of this paper is to give a new argument for naturalized action theory. The sketch of the argument is the following: the immediate mental antecedents of actions, that is, the mental states that makes actions actions, are not normally accessible to introspection. But then we have no other option but to turn to the empirical sciences if we want to characterize and analyze them.
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  4.  11
    Action Theory and the Value of Sport.Jon Pike - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 46 (1):14-29.
    ABSTRACTI present a corrective to the formalist and conventionalist down-playing of physical actions in the understanding of the value of sport. I give a necessarily brief account of the Causal Theory of Action and its implications for the normativity of actions. I show that the CTA has limitations, particularly in the case of failed or incomplete actions, and I show that failed or incomplete actions are constitutive of sport. This allows me to open up the space for another (...)
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  5.  55
    Psychological Research on Joint Action : Theory and Data.Günther Knoblich, Stephen Andrew Butterfill & Natalie Sebanz - unknown
    When two or more people coordinate their actions in space and time to produce a joint outcome, they perform a joint action. The perceptual, cognitive, and motor processes that enable individuals to coordinate their actions with others have been receiving increasing attention during the last decade, complementing earlier work on shared intentionality and discourse. This chapter reviews current theoretical concepts and empirical findings in order to provide a structured overview of the state of the art in joint action (...)
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  6.  12
    Action Theory and Social Science.J. Williamson & Ingmar Porn - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (116):282.
  7.  15
    Action Theory and Social Science: Some Format Models.Terence Horgan - 1977 - Synthese 43 (3):421-431.
  8.  46
    Action Theory as a Source for Philosophy of Medicine.Peter Hucklenbroich - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (1):55-73.
    The article tries to demonstrate how the tools and perspectives of action theory may be used in philosophy of medicine and medical ethics. In the first part, some concepts and principles of action theory are reconstructed and used to sketch a view of medicine as a science of actions. The second part is a contribution to the discussion on medical ethics in the same issue of this journal and consists in a detailed analysis of the main (...)
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  9.  10
    Action Theory and Social Science: Some Format Models.Terence Horgan - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (2):308.
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  10.  38
    Integrating Ethics Into Action Theory and Organizational Theory.Antonio Argandoña - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (3):435-446.
    A serious attempt to integrate ethics in management was done by Professor Juan Antonio Pérez López (1934–1996). His thought represents a break with current scholarly thinking on these subjects. The purpose of this article is to explain some of the most significant aspects of his theories, relating basically to his recourse to ethics as what defines the characteristic behavior of human beings, considered as individuals and as members of organizations. Pérez López used the anthropological conception underlying the ethics of Aristotle (...)
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  11.  24
    Action Theory: Proceedings of the Winnipeg Conference on Human Action, Held at Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 9-11 May 1975. [REVIEW]Michael Bratman - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (3):463-467.
  12.  58
    Libertarianism, Action Theory, and the Loci of Responsibility.Randolph Clarke - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 98 (2):153-174.
  13.  34
    Action Theory.Douglas Walton - 1979 - Philosophia 8 (4):719-740.
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  14. The Physical Action Theory of Trying.David-Hillel Ruben - 2015 - Methode 4 (6).
    Metaphysically speaking, just what is trying? There appear to be two options: to place it on the side of the mind or on the side of the world. Volitionists, who think that to try is to engage in a mental act, perhaps identical to willing and perhaps not, take the mind-side option. The second, or world-side option identifies trying to do something with one of the more basic actions by which one tries to do that thing. The trying is then (...)
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  15.  20
    Rationality and Compulsion: Applying Action Theory to Psychiatry.Lennart Nordenfelt - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    This book presents a unique examination of mental illness. Though common to many mental disorders, delusions result in actions that, though perhaps rational to the individual, might seem entirely inappropriate or harmful to others. This book shows how we may better understand delusion by examining the nature of compulsion.
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  16.  4
    Action Theory as a Source for Philosophy of Medicine.Peter Hucklenbroich - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (1):55-73.
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  17.  24
    Tadeusz Kotarbiński's Action Theory - Reinterpretive Studies.Piotr Tomasz Makowski - 2017 - New York, USA: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The book introduces Tadeusz Kotarbiński’s philosophy of action into the mainstream of contemporary action-theoretical debates. Piotr Makowski shows that Kotarbiński–Alfred Tarski’s teacher and one of the most important philosophers of the renowned Lvov-Warsaw school—proposed a groundbreaking, original, and (in at least a few respects) still fresh perspective in action theorizing. The book examines and develops Kotarbiński’s ideas in the context of the most recent discussions in the philosophy of action. The main idea behind Kotarbiński’s action (...)
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  18.  71
    Free Will: Action Theory Meets Neuroscience.Alfred Mele - 2007 - In C. Lumer (ed.), Intentionality, Deliberation, and Autonomy: The Action-Theoretic Basis of Practical Philosophy. Ashgate.
    This chapter defends the thesis that Benjamin Libet’s data do not justify his claim that “the brain ‘decides’ to initiate or, at least, to prepare to initiate [certain actions] before there is any reportable subjective awareness that such a decision has taken place” and do not justify associated worries about free will. The data are examined in light of familiar distinctions in action theory: for example, the distinction between deciding and wanting and the distinction between intending and wanting.
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  19.  32
    From Metaethics to Action Theory.Thomas Williams - 2003 - In The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus. Cambridge University Press. pp. 332-351.
    Work on Scotus's moral psychology and action theory has been concerned almost exclusively with questions about the relationship between will and intellect and in particular about the freedom of the will itself. In this essay I broaden the scope of inquiry. For I contend that Scotus's views in moral psychology are best understood against the background of a long tradition of metaethical reflection on the relationship between being and goodness. In the first section of this essay, therefore, I (...)
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  20.  9
    Action Theory as the Foundation for the Sciences of Man.John W. Yolton - 1973 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 3 (1):81-90.
  21.  13
    Action Theory Without Actions.Terence Horgan - 1981 - Mind 90 (359):406-414.
  22.  42
    Action Theory.Annette Baier - 1979 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 9:185-198.
  23.  78
    The Libertarian Predicament: A Plea for Action Theory.Niels van Miltenburg & Dawa Ometto - 2019 - Synthese 196 (1):161-178.
    Libertarians in the contemporary free will debate find themselves under attack from two angles. They face the challenge of defending the necessity of indeterminism for freedom against the philosophical mainstream position of compatibilism. And second, they are increasingly forced to argue for the very possibility of indeterministic free will, in the face of the so-called luck objection. Many contemporary libertarians try to overcome the second problem by adopting the causal theory of action. We argue that this move at (...)
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  24.  33
    False Connections: Systems and Action Theories in Neofunctionalism and in Jürgen Habermas.Thomas Schwinn - 1998 - Sociological Theory 16 (1):75-95.
    Recent theoretical discussions have served to bridge the gap separating systems- and action-theoretical approaches; however, the question of their basic compatibility has rarely been raised. This paper takes up two efforts at linking systems and action theory: those of neofunctionalists and those of Jurgen habermas. Neofunctionalists start from the inadequacies of systems functionalism and seek to open it to the theory of action. Habermas, on the other hand, seeks to overcome the limits of the (...) of action by widening its scope in systems-theoretical terms. Successful synthesis eludes both efforts: either the status of voluntaristic aspects is so enhanced that the systemic whole and its functional imperatives practically vanish, or too much emphasis is placed on the systemic aspect, reducing actors to the mere executing agents of systemic needs. The combination of theories of structure and action provides a way out of this dilemma. (shrink)
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  25. The Fundamental Question in Action Theory.Myles Brand - 1979 - Noûs 13 (2):131-151.
  26.  7
    Freedom and Enforcement in Action: A Study in Formal Action Theory.Janusz Czelakowski - 2015 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    Situational aspects of action are discussed. The presented approach emphasizes the role of situational contexts in which actions are performed. These contexts influence the course of an action; they are determined not only by the current state of the system but also shaped by other factors as time, the previously undertaken actions and their succession, the agents of actions and so on. The distinction between states and situations is explored from the perspective of action systems. The notion (...)
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  27.  10
    The Libertarian Predicament: A Plea for Action Theory.Niels Miltenburg & Dawa Ometto - 2019 - Synthese 196 (1):161-178.
    Libertarians in the contemporary free will debate find themselves under attack from two angles. They face the challenge of defending the necessity of indeterminism for freedom against the philosophical mainstream position of compatibilism. And second, they are increasingly forced to argue for the very possibility of indeterministic free will, in the face of the so-called luck objection. Many contemporary libertarians try to overcome the second problem by adopting the causal theory of action. We argue that this move at (...)
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  28.  9
    DISCUSSIONS: Action Theory Without Actions.Terence Horgan - 1981 - Mind 90 (359):406-414.
  29. Intending and Acting: Toward a Naturalized Action Theory.Peter Slezak - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (1):49-54.
  30.  38
    Ethics and Action Theory on Refraining: A Familiar Refrain in Two Parts. [REVIEW]Patricia G. Smith - 1986 - Journal of Value Inquiry 20 (1):3-17.
    We can see from the analysis set out here that the two accounts that were the focus of consideration are complementary to one another. It has been my contention that a problem like specifying a concept such as ‘refrain’ is highly complex. One part of it is the problem of determining the relation between the action (or event) and the result. Another part of the problem is that of describing the event itself; what kind of an event is it? (...)
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  31. Alternative Action Theory: Simultaneously a Critique of Georg Henrik von Wright’s Practical Philosophy.Ota Weinberger - 1997 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    Action is conceived of as an intentional behavior of an individual or of an institutional subject; it is determined by information processing, namely by a process in which pieces of descriptive and practical information are involved. Action is explained by a formal and finalistic theory which is connected with a specific theory of institutions. The philosophical basis of the logic of norm sentences and of other systems of practical thinking is discussed. The author criticizes traditional deontic (...)
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  32.  4
    Approximation of Action Theories and its Application to Conformant Planning.Phan Huy Tu, Tran Cao Son, Michael Gelfond & A. Ricardo Morales - 2011 - Artificial Intelligence 175 (1):79-119.
  33.  28
    Some Recent Work in Action Theory.James E. Tomberlin - 1980 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (4):576-593.
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  34.  36
    Moral Theory and Action Theory, Killing and Letting Die.Tracy Isaacs - 1995 - American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (4):355 - 368.
  35.  32
    Does Action Theory Rest on a Mistake?Alicia Juarrero Roqué - 1987 - Philosophy Research Archives 13:587-612.
    The overwhelming majority of action theories have relied on a Humean model of causality and of explanation; even those theories that explicitly reject aspects of that model uncritically adopt others. The atomistic presuppositions embodied in the model are unable to account for either the dynamic and fabric-like nature of action or the features of control and meaning present therein. It is these atomistic presuppositions that give rise to the “Gettier-like vexations” that are common counterexamples in action (...). The Humean requirement that cause and effect be only contingently connected and generalizable into a covering law is also discussed with respect to the explanation of action.Representatives of the three major approaches to the problem of action: causal (including intentional, volitional, as well as agent causation and reasons-as-causes theories), behaviorist, so-called “contextual”, and teleological theories are examined. (shrink)
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  36.  5
    Does Action Theory Rest on a Mistake?Alicia Juarrero Roqué - 1987 - Philosophy Research Archives 13:587-612.
    The overwhelming majority of action theories have relied on a Humean model of causality and of explanation; even those theories that explicitly reject aspects of that model uncritically adopt others. The atomistic presuppositions embodied in the model are unable to account for either the dynamic and fabric-like nature of action or the features of control and meaning present therein. It is these atomistic presuppositions that give rise to the “Gettier-like vexations” that are common counterexamples in action (...). The Humean requirement that cause and effect be only contingently connected and generalizable into a covering law is also discussed with respect to the explanation of action.Representatives of the three major approaches to the problem of action: causal, behaviorist, so-called “contextual”, and teleological theories are examined. (shrink)
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  37.  65
    Whither Action Theory: Artificial Intelligence or Aristotle?John M. Connolly - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:85-106.
    The problem of ‘wayward causal chains’ threatens any causal analysis of the concept of intentional human action. For such chains show that the mere causation of an action by the right sort of belief and/or desire does not make the action intentional, i.e. one done in order to attain the object of desire. Now if the ‘because’ in ‘wayward’ action-explanations is straightforwardly causal, that might be argued to indicate by contrast that the different ‘because’ of reasons-explanations (...)
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  38.  15
    Whither Action Theory: Artificial Intelligence or Aristotle?John M. Connolly - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:85-106.
    The problem of ‘wayward causal chains’ threatens any causal analysis of the concept of intentional human action. For such chains show that the mere causation of an action by the right sort of belief and/or desire does not make the action intentional, i.e. one done in order to attain the object of desire. Now if the ‘because’ in ‘wayward’ action-explanations is straightforwardly causal, that might be argued to indicate by contrast that the different ‘because’ of reasons-explanations (...)
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  39.  85
    Controlled Indeterministic Processes in Action Theory.Storrs McCall - unknown
    A common criticism of free will or origination theories is that if what we do is not the result of an unbroken sequence of causes and effects, then it must to some degree be the product of chance. But in what sense can a chance act be intentional or deliberate, in what sense can it be based on reasons, and in what sense can a person be held responsible for it? If free and responsible action is incompatible with determinism, (...)
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  40.  30
    A Dialectical Approach to Action Theory.John M. Connolly - 1976 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 19 (1-4):427 – 442.
    Recent work in the theory of action by analytical philosophers has focused on explaining actions by citing the agent's motivating reason(s). But this ignores a pattern of explanation typical in the social sciences, i.e. situating the agent in a reference group whose members typically manifest that behavior. In some cases the behavior of such groups can itself be shown to be the product of social forces. Two extended examples of this explanatory pattern are studied. In each case the (...)
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  41.  14
    Intensional Action Theory.Douglas N. Walton - 1976 - Philosophy Research Archives 2:150-174.
    The aims of this paper are to survey, explicate, compare, contrast, and critically evaluate a number of contributions to the logic of action locutions in connection with their treatment of the concept of an agent's bringing about a state of affairs. The discussion is primarily concerned with practical applications of these formalisms for the action theorist. It is suggested that these systems are best understood as capturing a strategic sense of bringing-about, and not a notion of actual bringing-about, (...)
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  42.  43
    Revamping Action Theory.Gordon Park Stevenson - 2004 - Behavior and Philosophy 32 (2):427 - 451.
    Philosophical interest in intentional action has flourished in recent decades. Typically, action theorists propose necessary and sufficient conditions for a movement's being an action, conditions derived from a conceptual analysis of folk psychological action ascriptions. However, several key doctrinal and methodological features of contemporary action theory are troubling, in particular (i) the insistence that folk psychological kinds like beliefs and desires have neurophysiological correlates, (ii) the assumption that the concept of action is "classical" (...)
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  43. Contemporary Action Theory.Ghita Holmström-Hintikka & Raimo Tuomela - 1997 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
  44.  98
    The Poverty of Action Theory.Jennifer Hornsby - 1999 - Philosophical Inquiry 21 (1):1-19.
  45.  45
    Dancing Around the Causal Joint: Challenging the Theological Turn in Divine Action Theories.Sarah Lane Ritchie - 2017 - Zygon 52 (2):361-379.
    Recent years have seen a shift in divine action debates. Turning from noninterventionist, incompatibilist causal joint models, representatives of a “theological turn” in divine action have questioned the metaphysical assumptions of approaches seeking indeterministic aspects of nature wherein God might act. Various versions of theistic naturalism offer specific theological frameworks that reimagine the basic God–world relationship. But do these explicitly theological approaches to divine action take scientific knowledge and methodology seriously enough? And do such approaches adequately address (...)
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  46.  99
    The Problem of Negligent Omissions: Medieval Action Theories to the Rescue.Michael Barnwell - 2010 - Brill.
    Introduction : what's the problem? -- The problem may lurk in Aristotle's ethics -- Aristotle's akratic : foreshadowing a solution -- A negligent omission at the root of all sinfulness : Anselm and the Devil -- Negligent vs. non-negligent : a Thomistic distinction directing us toward a solution -- Can I have your divided attention? : Scotus, indistinct intellections, and type-1 negligent omissions almost solved -- I can't get you out of my mind : Scotus, lingering indistinct intellections, and type-2 (...)
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  47.  44
    Integrating the Emic with the Etic —A Case of Squaring the Circle or for Adopting a Culture Inclusive Action Theory Perspective.Lutz H. Eckensberger - 2015 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 45 (1):108-140.
    The dualism of emic and etic plays a crucial role in the emergence of three culturally informed approaches of psychology: cross-cultural psychology , cultural psychology and indigenous psychologies , a distinction largely accepted nowadays. Similarities and/or differences between these positions are usually discussed either on the level of phenomena or theory. In this paper, however, the discussion takes place on a meta-theoretical or epistemological level, which is also emerging elsewhere. In following several earlier papers of the author, first, four (...)
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  48.  13
    Intending and Acting: Towards a Naturalized Action Theory.Robert W. Binkley - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (3):459-461.
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  49.  6
    The Social Dimension of Action Theory.Raimo Tuomela - 1991 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 3:145-158.
  50.  19
    Intending and Acting: Toward a Naturalized Action Theory.Lawrence H. Davis - 1987 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (3):506-511.
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